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Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 91-95, mar. 2022. Ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362719


El angiosarcoma es un tumor vascular maligno poco frecuente. Constituye menos del 2% de todos los sarcomas. Existen varias formas clínicas, una es la producida después de radioterapia, en pacientes que fueron tratadas por un cáncer de mama, con cirugía conservadora y radioterapia. Se presenta como un sarcoma de alto grado, localizado en la piel o en el tejido subcutáneo y, ocasionalmente, el parénquima mamario. El único tratamiento curativo es la cirugía, con tendencia a la recurrencia y a hacer metástasis hematógena, el pronóstico es malo, con alta tasa de mortalidad.

Angiosarcoma is a rare malignant vascular tumor. It constitutes less than 2% of all sarcomas. There are several clinical forms; the one produced after radiation therapy is that associated with patients who were treated for breast cancer with conservative surgery and radiation therapy. It presents as a high-grade sarcoma located on the skin or the subcutaneous tissue and, occasionally, the breast parenchyma. The only curative treatment is surgery, with a tendency to recurrence and visceral hematogenous metastasis, with a poor prognosis and a high mortality rate.

El angiossarcoma é um tumor vascular maligno pouco frequente. Constitui menos de 2% de todos os sarcomas. Existem várias formas clínicas, uma é a produzida depois da radioterapia, em pacientes que foram tratadas por um câncer de mama, com cirurgia conservadora e radioterapia. Se apresenta como um sarcoma de alto grau, localizado na pele ou no tecido subcutâneo e, ocasionalmente, o parênquima mamário. O único tratamento curativo é a cirurgia, com tendência à recorrência e a fazer metástasehematogênica, o prognóstico é mau, com alta taxa de mortalidade.

Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Breast , Subcutaneous Tissue , Parenchymal Tissue , Neoplasm Metastasis
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 268-277, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366040


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a common neoplasm in women worldwide. Its varying patterns of incidence and clinical prognosis in Brazil make it an important and complex public health problem that needs to be solved. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the temporal dynamics of hospital admissions and deaths due to female breast cancer in the state of Alagoas, Brazil, from 2009 to 2019. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study including secondary data from hospital admissions and deaths due to female breast cancer in Alagoas. METHODS: A joinpoint regression model was constructed for temporal analysis of hospital admissions and deaths due to female breast cancer in Alagoas, over this period. The hospital information system of the Department of Informatics of the National Health System was used. RESULTS: There were 5,801 hospitalizations and 633 hospital deaths due to neoplasm in Alagoas over the period. The age group from 50 to 59 years old stood out, corresponding to 28.1% of hospitalizations and 31.1% of registered deaths. An increasing trend in the rate of hospital admissions was observed (average annual percentage change, AAPC = 14.0; P-value < 0.001), from 14.9/100,000 inhabitants in 2009 to 53.6 in 2019. There was a growth trend in the in-hospital mortality rate (AAPC = 19.8; P-value < 0.001), from 6.3% in 2009 to 11.0% in 2019. CONCLUSION: The results indicated an increasing trend of hospital admissions and mortality rates in the state of Alagoas, with a higher percentage of hospitalizations and deaths in the 50-59 age group.

Rev. ciênc. farm. básica apl ; 43: 1-14, 20220101.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353457


Objective: To characterize the profile of occupational exposure to pesticides and its impact on women's health. Method: This is a prospective and descriptive study with a quantitative approach. The study population included all patients attended at Francisco Beltrao Cancer Hospital (Ceonc) from May 2015 to December 2018 (n=315). The characterization of their exposure profile was obtained through an interview using a form applied by trained researchers contained 60 questions related to women's pesticide exposure and their health status. The questions referred to past and current occupational pesticide exposure profile, intoxication, and health history from women and their families. All collected data were analyzed in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences package (SPSS 25.0). Results: A total of 265 individuals (84.2%) have lived some part of their life in the countryside, and 70% were categorized as occupationally exposed to pesticides. Most of them (57%) were directly exposed, mainly by washing pesticide-contaminated clothes and personal protective equipment used in pesticide pulverization without glove protection. Cancer cases in the family were the main disease reported (68.3%). Further, 57% of interviewed women had a breast cancer diagnosis but no significance between breast cancer occurrence and pesticide exposure was observed. Conclusion: The form allowed us to characterize the profile of occupational pesticide exposition in rural women, alerting them to their severe contamination. This approach can be useful to characterize the occupational exposure profiles of rural workers living in other rural regions of Brazil that use pesticides.

Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 94-99, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360695


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the hemogram index parameters and their clinical significance in the evaluation of the inflammatory response of patients with male breast cancer, who are rarely observed in the literature. METHODS: In total, 22 (n=22) healthy male and 28 (n=28) male breast cancer patients without synchronous/metachronous tumors were included in this study. They were grouped as the healthy male control group (Group 1) and the male breast cancer patient group (Group 2). The male breast cancer was divided into two subgroups, namely, early stage [(stage: 0/I/II) (Group 2A)] and late stage [(stage: III/IV) (Group 2B)], and their hemogram index parameters were compared. RESULTS: A significant (p>0.05) increase was observed in neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and·platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values in the late stage (Group 2B: stage III/IV) compared to the early stage (Group 2A: stage 0/I/II) and healthy control (Group 1) groups. CONCLUSIONS: In male breast cancer patients, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and platelet/lymphocyte ratio values were significantly higher as the stage of cancer increased. These readily available simple tests can be used to evaluate the host's inflammatory response in male breast cancer.

Humans , Male , Breast Neoplasms, Male/pathology , Breast Neoplasms, Male/diagnostic imaging , Blood Cell Count , Lymphocytes/pathology , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Neutrophils
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923115


@#[Abstract] Objective: To investigate the effects of fibronectin Ⅲ domain containing protein 10 (FNDC10) on the proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells, and to primarily explore the mechanism. Methods: TCGA database was used to analyze the expression of FNDC10 in breast cancer tissues. The mRNA level of FNDC10 in normal immortalized breast cells (MCF-10A) and breast cancer cells (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231, BT549, MDA-MB-468, HCC1806, HCC1937) was detected by qPCR. MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells were transfected with FNDC10 siRNA or NC-siRNA for functional experiments. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of FNDC10 on the proliferation of breast cancer cells. Colony forming assay was used to detect the colony forming ability of breast cancer cells. Transwell assay was used to detect the effect of FNDC10 on migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. WB was used to detect the changes of metastasis-related molecules and cell signaling pathways at protein level. Results:The expression of FNDC10 in breast cancer tissues was significantly higher than that in normal tissues (P<0.01), and the expression level of FNDC10 in breast cancer MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells was higher than that in normal breast cells (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Knocking down FNDC10 expression inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells (P<0.01 or P<0.05). The mechanism study showed that knockdown of FNDC10 expression inhibited STAT3 activation in breast cancer cells (P<0.01 or P<0.05) and enhanced the expression of EMT maker E-cadherin (P<0.05), leading to the suppression of EMT progression. Conclusion: FNDC10 promotes proliferation and EMT of breast cancer cells through activating STAT3 signaling pathway, thereby promoting the malignant progression of breast cancer.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923026


Objective To study the effect and mechanism of epigallocatechol gallate (EGCG) combined with trastuzu-mab on the proliferation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpressing breast cancer cells. Methods Trastuzumab was expressed and purified. The cell proliferation of HER2 overexpressing breast cancer cells BT474 and SK-BR-3 treated with trastuzumab, EGCG, or trastuzumab plus EGCG was evaluated by CCK8 assay. The effects of EGCG and trastuzumab on the expression of HER2, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), protein kinase B (Akt), and their phosphorylated proteins in BT474 breast cancer cells were detected by Western blot. Results The results of cell proliferation assay indicated that EGCG and trastuzumab, alone or in combination, effectively inhibited the proliferation of BT-474 and SK-BR-3 cells. And within a certain concentration range, EGCG and trastuzumab showed a synergistic proliferation inhibitory effect on HER2 overexpressing breast cancer cells. Consistent with these results, Western blot results showed that trastuzumab and EGCG, alone or in combination significantly reduced the phosphorylation levels of Akt, MAPK, EGFR, and HER2 in BT474 cells. Moreover, the inhibition effect of EGCG plus trastuzumab was significantly more potent than either EGCG or trastuzumab. Conclusion EGCG and trastuzumab could synergistically inhibit the proliferation of HER2 overexpressing breast cancer cells, which may be related to the regulation of Akt and MAPK signaling pathways.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922538


OBJECTIVE@#We employed a multidisciplinary approach incorporating theoretical ideas, clinical experience, psychology, physiology, traditional Chinese medicine (CM), modern practice of CM, and oncology to explore the effect of patients' repression of negative emotions and traumatic events on breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#BC female patients, older than 18 years of age, with available pathology reports who were treated at Rabin Medical Center were recruited. All participants completed questionnaires regarding medical history, behavioral tendencies, negative emotions, trauma, symptoms, and pathology (from a CM perspective). Data on tumor characteristics were collected from the pathology reports. The associations were examined using hierarchical binary logistic regressions.@*RESULTS@#A total of 155 BC patients were enrolled. The median age was 52 years, with a range of 26-79; 95% were mothers; 28% had estrogen receptor (ER)-negative BC, 52% had progesterone receptor (PR)-negative BC, 48% had human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative BC, and antigen Ki-67 ≥ 20% was reported for 52% of tumors. Statistically significant associations were found between the emotional markers (sense of motherhood failure, and lack of self-fulfillment), avoidance behavior, and physical symptoms that are related to emotional repression based on CM. Significant associations were also found between variables associated with physical symptoms of emotional repression, which involves the production and accumulation of non-substantial phlegm (i.e., "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm"), avoidance behavior which unconsciously uses "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm" in order to achieve emotional repression, and tumor parameters including tumor grade, PR status, and Ki-67. Patients with higher levels of "high-lipid Qi-like microscopic phlegm" were more likely to have tumors with worse prognosis (PR-negative, higher grade, and higher Ki-67).@*CONCLUSION@#We demonstrated a relationship between emotional parameters, behavioral tendencies, CM parameters, and oncologic parameters in BC. Additional research is warranted to explore these associations and their relevance to clinical practice.

Adult , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Emotions , Female , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone
China Pharmacy ; (12): 548-554, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920723


OBJECTIVE To study the mechanism of curcumol inhibiting the pro liferation of breast cancer cells T 47D. METHODS MTT assay was used to detect the inhibitory effects of different doses of curcumol (0,6.25,12.5,25,50,100 μg/mL)on the proliferation of T 47D cells. After treated with curcumol (12.5,25,50,100 μg/mL),the morphology of T 47D cells was observed by inverted phase contrast microscope. The cell cycle and the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS)were detected by flow cytometry. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR)was used to detect the expressions of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA),cell cycle regular p 21 and cyclin-dependent kinase 2(CDK2)mRNA. Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression of CDK 2,CDK6,Cyclin D ,PCNA,nucler transcription factor E 2-related factor (Nrf2)and Kelch-like ECH associated protein 1(Keap1). Breast cancer cells T 47D were divided into 2 groups,one group was given different doses of curcumol ,and another group was given curcumol 33 μg/mL for 6,12,24,48 h. After the optimal oxidation time and administration concentration were determined according to the results of the above two groups ,the blank control group ,N-acetylcysteine(NAC)group(ROS antioxidant NAC alone ),curcumol group (curcumol alone ),curcumol combined with NAC group (pretreatment with ROS antioxidant NAC ,and then adding into curcumol ). Cell cycle and fluorescence intensity of ROS were detected. RESULTS Curcumol could significantly increase the inhibitory rate of the proliferation of T 47D cells (P<0.05 or P<0.01),and showed a certain dose and time dependent trend. Curcumol blocked the , cycle in the G 1 phase and significantly increased the level of ROS (P<0.05 or P<0.01);ROS antioxidant NAC could significantly reverse above inductive effect of curcumol (P< 0.01). qRT-PCR showed that curcumol down-regulated the com expression of PCNA and CDK 2 mRNA and up-regulated the expression of p 21 mRNA(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Western blot assay showed that curcumol significantly down-regulated the protein expression of Keap 1,Nrf2,CDK2,CDK6 and Cyclin D(P<0.05,P<0.01);ROS antioxidant NAC could reverse the down-regulation effects of curcumol on the expression of these proteins(P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Curcumol may induce oxidative stress and cell arrest in G 1 phase to inhibit the proliferation of T 47D cells.

China Pharmacy ; (12): 473-480, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920465


OBJECTIVE To study in vitro inhibitory effects of realgar nanoparticles on breast cancer stem cells. METHODS Human breast cancer MCF- 7 parent cells were selected as subjects and cultured by serum-free culture to obtain breast cancer stem cells. Using adriamycin (1 mg/L)as positive control ,same concentration of water-processed realgar as reference ,the effects of realgar nanoparticles on the proliferation of MCF- 7 parent cells and stem cells were detected by CCK- 8 method. The effects of realgar nanoparticles on the formation of mammosphere ,the ability of differentiation ,migration and invasion ,the proportion of CD44+/CD24- subgroup in breast cancer stem cells were detected by mammosphere formation and differentiation experiment , scratch experiment ,Transwell invasion experiment and flow cytometry. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression of proteins related to epithelial mesenchymal transformation pathway (E-cadherin and vimentin ) in breast cancer stem cells. RESULTS The survival rates of MCF- 7 parent cells and stem cells (except for breast cancer stem cells in both 1 mg/mL groups )in 1,5,10,40,60,80 mg/L groups of water-processed realgar and realgar nanoparticles were significantly lower than blank control group(P<0.01). The number of mammosphere (>20 stem cells )in 1,2.5,5,10 mg/L groups of water-processed realgar and realgar nanoparticles was significantly lower than blank control group (P<0.01);the volume of mammosphere decreased and the differentiated adherent cells decreased ;the healing rate of wound ,relative invasion rate (except for water-processed realgar 1 mg/L group)and the proportion of CD 44+/CD24- subgroup were significantly lower than blank control group (P<0.01). The expressions of E-cadherin in 2.5,10 mg/L groups of water-processed realgar and realgar nanoparticles was significantly higher than blank control group ,and the expressions of vimentin was significantly lower than those in blank control group (P<0.01). The above effects of realgar nanoparticles were generally better than those of water-processed realgar with the same mass concentration (P< 0.01). CONCLUSIONS Compared with water-processed realgar with the same mass concentration ,realgar nanoparti cles can significantly inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer stem cells, the formulation and differential ability of mammo- sphere,and reduce the proportion of CD 44+/CD24- subgroup. The effect may be associated with the inhibition of migration and invasion of breast cancer stem cells by inhibiting the expression of proteins related to epithelial mesenchymal transformation pathway.

Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 55: e11857, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364549


Genome-wide analysis using microarrays has revolutionized breast cancer (BC) research. A substantial body of evidence supports the clinical utility of the 21-gene assay (Oncotype DX) and 70-gene assay (MammaPrint) to predict BC recurrence and the magnitude of benefit from chemotherapy. However, there is currently no genetic tool able to predict chemosensitivity and chemoresistance to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) during BC treatment. In this study, we explored the predictive value of DNA repair gene expression in the neoadjuvant setting. We selected 98 patients with BC treated with NACT. We assessed DNA repair expression in 98 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded core biopsy fragments used at diagnosis and in 32 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded post-NACT residual tumors using quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The following genes were selected: BRCA1, PALB2, RAD51C, BRCA2, ATM, FANCA, MSH2, XPA, ERCC1, PARP1, and SNM1. Of 98 patients, 33 (33.7%) achieved pathologic complete response (pCR). The DNA expression of 2 genes assessed in pre-NACT biopsies (PALB2 and ERCC1) was lower in pCR than in non-pCR patients (P=0.005 and P=0.009, respectively). There was no correlation between molecular subtype and expression of DNA repair genes. The genes BRCA2 (P=0.009), ATM (P=0.004), FANCA (P=0.001), and PARP1 (P=0.011) showed a lower expression in post-NACT residual tumor samples (n=32) than in pre-NACT biopsy samples (n=98). The expression of 2 genes (PALB2 and ERCC1) was lower in pCR patients. These alterations in DNA repair could be considered suitable targets for cancer therapy.

Mastology (Online) ; 32: 1-8, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363058


Introduction: The heterogeneous nature and intrinsically aggressive tumor pathology of the triple negative breast cancer subtype results in an unfavorable prognosis and limited clinical success. The use of hematological components of the systemic inflammatory response for patients with triple-negative breast cancer can add important prognostic information to the criteria traditionally used for cancer patients, since inflammation can promote tumor progression support by affecting the stages of tumorigenesis. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the hematological parameters neutrophil/lymphocyte, monocyte/lymphocyte and platelet/lymphocyte ratios as prognostic indicators in patients with triple-negative breast cancer. Methods: This was a singlecenter retrospective observational study in an oncology referral hospital in the South region of Brazil. Electronic medical records of patients diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer from 2012 to 2016 were reviewed and analyzed using SPSS. Results: The low blood cell ratio groups had significantly higher overall survival than the high blood cell ratio groups. Univariate analysis also confirmed the correlation of patients in the high blood cell ratio groups with unfavorable results. Conclusions: Hematological components of the systemic inflammatory response are promising prognostic indicators. More studies on the subject should be carried out to assist in future medical decision-making so these parameters of easy assessment and low cost can be introduced in clinical practice.

Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18816, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364426


The reasons for the recently observed increase in the incidence of breast cancer in the Indian population are not clearly understood, but thought to be largely explained by westernization of lifestyles and changes in reproductive behavior, which characterize exposure to hormones. Our aim is to review the reproductive risk factors and comorbidities and evaluate the association between molecular subtypes of breast cancer. A hospital-based analytical case-control study was conducted among the breast cancer cases with controls in a multispecialty teaching hospital for a period of one year. Totally, 130 subjects were recruited and an interview was conducted using a structured questionnaire to obtain demographic and risk factor data, including tissue marker status (ER, PR and HER-2) obtained from case files. Data were analyzed with SPSS-20 version. Results: The highest age group reported in this study was 51- 60 years which has a 3.8 times increased risk compared to other age and the age group of 31- 40 have a decrease risk of 0.33. In this study, the percentage of post menopause (68%) and mothers not breastfeeding (10%) was higher in cases compared to controls and a noted increase in the risk of breast cancer with odds ratio (OR) of 2.745 (p= <0.0001) and 9.08 (p=0.01) respectively. Duration of breastfeeding showed significantly (p=<0.0001)) moderate positive correlation (r=0.549, 0.457, 0.418 and 0.636) for luminal A, luminal B, HER+, and triple negative respectively. This study found that all the reproductive risk factors do not have correlation with a molecular subtype of breast cancer except breastfeeding. Post menopause and breastfeeding were common factors associated with all people and could be modifiable to prevent the occurrence of breast cancer through lifestyle change

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Comorbidity/trends , Risk Factors , Reproductive Behavior , Hospitals/classification , Case-Control Studies , Demography/classification , Surveys and Questionnaires , Life Style , Age Groups
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(6): 1334-1345, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355678


The present work evaluated the immunomodulatory effect of thalidomide (Thal) at different doses on tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) using a mouse model of human breast cancer. Mice were inoculated with 4T1 cells in the left flank and treated with Thal once a day at concentrations of 50, 100, and 150mg/kg body weight from the 5th day until the 28th day of tumor inoculation. The tumors were sized, proliferation index and TAMs count were evaluated in primary tumors and metastatic lungs. In addition, the metastasis rate was evaluated in the lungs. Thal at 150mg/kg significantly decreased tumor growth, proliferation index, and TAMs infiltration in primary tumors. Conversely, a higher number of TAMs and lower proliferation index were observed in metastatic lungs in mice treated with 150mg/kg of Thal. Furthermore, Thal at 150mg/kg significantly decreased the metastatic nodules in the lungs. Our findings demonstrated that Thal treatment considerably decreased the primary tumor and lung metastasis in mice associated with different TAM infiltration effects in these sites.(AU)

No presente trabalho, foi avaliado o efeito imunomodulador de diferentes doses de talidomida em macrófagos associados ao tumor (TAMs), em um modelo murino de câncer de mama. Camundongos foram inoculados com células 4T1, na região do flanco esquerdo, e tratados com talidomida, uma vez ao dia, nas doses de 50, 100 e 150mg/k, por massa corporal, do quinto dia ao 28º dia de inoculação tumoral. Os tumores foram medidos, o índice de proliferação celular e a contagem de TAMs foram avaliados nos tumores primários e nos pulmões com metástases. Além disso, a taxa de metástases pulmonares também foi avaliada. A talidomida na dose de 150mg/kg diminuiu significativamente o crescimento tumoral, o índice de proliferação celular e a infiltração de TAMs nos tumores primários. Por outro lado, maior número de TAMs e menor índice de proliferação celular foram observados nos pulmões metastáticos, em camundongos tratados com 150mg/kg de talidomida. Ademais, a talidomida na dose de 150mg/kg diminuiu significativamente os nódulos metastáticos nos pulmões. Os resultados demonstraram que o tratamento com talidomida diminuiu o crescimento tumoral e as metástases pulmonares em camundongos, associado com diferentes efeitos na infiltração de TAMs nesses locais.(AU)

Animals , Mice , Thalidomide/analysis , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/drug therapy , Macrophages/drug effects , Immunomodulation , Neoplasm Metastasis
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357580


Introducción: Identificar y describir los beneficios del sistema de navegación de las pacientes con sospecha de cáncer de mama. Identificar y describir las barreras a nivel personal de las usuarias y a las que se enfrentan institucionalmente hasta la obtención del diagnóstico definitivo. Material y Métodos: Estudio cualitativo fenomenológico. Se emplearon guías de observación y se realizaron entrevistas a profundidad para el recojo de información. Se recopilaron las experiencias de ocho personas, tres fueron personal de salud, y cinco pacientes. El personal de salud incluyo dos médicos varones y una ex ­navegadora en un hospital de la seguridad social de Lima. Resultados: Las pacientes que fueron acompañadas por la navegadora manifiestan que su apoyo les permitió transitar su etapa de enfermedad con mayor facilidad, tanto a nivel emocional como en lo relacionado a procesos institucionales. Las principales barreras percibidas institucionales son i) infraestructura y procesos hospitalarios ii) ineficiente seguimiento y monitoreo de pacientes. Desde el lado de la usuaria i) obligaciones familiares y domésticas ii) miedos y desconocimiento de la enfermedad iii) experiencias previas en el sistema de salud. Conclusiones: La navegación de pacientes permite un acompañamiento logístico y emocional que favorece la experiencia de la paciente. Las dificultades halladas a nivel hospitalario, lejos de desaparecer, logran ser reducidas, aligerando así el peso de algunos procesos institucionales que deben cargar las pacientes.

Objetives: To identify and to describe the main benefits of the navigation system from the perspective of patients with suspected breast cancer. Identify and describe the barriers at the personal level of the users and those that they face institutionally until the definitive diagnosis is obtained. Material and Methods: A qualitative study was carried out between January and March 2020. Observation and in-depth interviews were the information gathering tools used. The experiences of five patients and three members of the health personnel were collected in one hospital of Lima. Results: The patients who were accompanied by the navigators state that their support allowed them to go through their stage of illness with greater ease, both emotionally and bureaucratically. The main perceived institutional barriers are i) infrastructure and hospital processes ii) inefficient follow-up and monitoring of patients. From the user side i) family and domestic obligations ii) fears and ignorance of the disease iii) previous experiences in the health system. Conclusions: Patient navigation allows logistical and emotional support that favours the experience of the patient. The difficulties encountered at the hospital level, far from disappearing, manage to be reduced, thus lightening the bureaucratic burden that patients must carry. There is an emotional bond between the patients and the navigators. The level of these affective relationships is mainly related to the reality of the patient, specifically to her social support network

Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(11): 840-846, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357074


Abstract Objective The present study aims to assess the feasibility and patient satisfaction of teleoncology orientation in a vulnerable population of breast cancer patients assessed in a government health system during the coronavirus pandemic in 2020. Methods Eligible patients received an invitation to receive remote care to minimize exposure to an environment in which the risk of respiratory infection was present. The means of communication was telephone through an application that allows free conversation with no charge. An anonymous-response questionnaire based on a Likert-type scale was sent through a cell phone application or e-mail directly to each patient or close relative of the patient immediately after teleconsultation. Responses to the questions, which addressed utility, facility, interface quality, interaction quality, reliability, satisfaction, and interest in future evaluation, were compiled and analyzed. Results A total of 176 eligible patients scheduled for consultation were evaluated and 98 were included. Seventy (71.4%) successfully undertook the teleorientation. The questionnaire was submitted by 43 (61.4%) patients. The overall teleoncology orientation was classified as very positive by 41 (95.3%) patients. Specifically, regarding the questionnaire items, 43 (100%) patients scored 4 or 5 (agreed that the teleconsultation was beneficial) concerning the facility, followed by 42 (97.2%) for the interface quality, 41 (95.3%) for both utility and interaction quality, 40 (93%) for satisfaction and interest in future evaluation, and, finally, 39 (90.6%) for reliability. Conclusion Teleoncology orientation of low-income breast cancer patients is most feasible and leads to high patient satisfaction.

Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a viabilidade e satisfação em relação à orientação teleoncológica realizada em população vulnerável de pacientes com câncer de mama e provenientes do sistema público de saúde durante a pandemia do coronavírus em 2020. Métodos Pacientes elegíveis foram agendados para atendimento remoto visando minimizar exposição a ambientes com risco de infecção respiratória. O meio de comunicação foi o telefone, pois permite conversa sem custos. Um questionário anônimo com base na escala Likert foi enviado através de aplicativo de telefone celular ou e-mail para paciente ou familiares, logo após a teleconsulta. As respostas, que abordavam utilidade, facilidade, qualidade da interface, qualidade da interação, confiabilidade, satisfação e interesse em avaliações futuras, foram compiladas e analisadas. Resultados Um total de 176 pacientes elegíveis para teleconsulta foram avaliados e 98 foram incluídos. Setenta (71,4%) realizaram a teleorientação com sucesso. O questionário foi respondido por 43 (61,4%) pacientes. De maneira geral, a teleorientação foi classificada como muito positiva por 41 (95,3%) pacientes. Em relação aos itens avaliados, 43 (100%) pacientes pontuaram 4 ou 5 (concordaram que a teleconsulta era benéfica) em relação à facilidade do serviço, seguido por 42 (97,2%) para a qualidade da interface, 41 (95,3%) tanto para a utilidade quanto para a qualidade da interação, 40 (93%) para satisfação e interesse em avaliação futura e 39 (90,6%) para confiabilidade em relação ao método. Conclusão A orientação teleoncológica empacientes de baixa renda e com câncer de mama mostrou ser viável e com altas taxas de satisfação.

Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Remote Consultation , COVID-19 , Feasibility Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Patient Satisfaction , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
Colomb. med ; 52(3): e2004567, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360371


Abstract Background: Whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) and stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) are two treatment modalities commonly utilized to treat brain metastases (BMs). Aim: The purpose of this study is to analyse retrospectively the local control and survival of patients with BMs of breast cancer (BC) treated via radiosurgery using Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT-RS). Methods: 18 patients with 41 BMs of BC and treated by VMAT-RS were studied. They were classified according to the molecular subtype of BC and the modified breast graded prognostic assessment -GPA- index. Patients presented 1-4 BMs, which were treated with 5 non-coplanar VMAT arcs. The spatial distribution of BMs, the influence of receptor status on the location of the lesions and survival assessed via the Kaplan-Meier model were analyzed. Results: The median survival time (MST) was 19.7 months. Statistically significant differences were determined in the MST according to the Karnofsky performance status (p= 0.02) and the HER2 status (p= 0.004), being more prolonged in the HER2+ patients. Finally, our results showed that the cerebellum is the predominant site of breast cancer BMs, and also suggested that HER2+BMs had a predilection for some structures of the posterior circulation, such as the cerebellum, brainstem and occipital lobes (p= 0.048). Conclusions: The VMAT-RS is a technique with an overall survival comparable to other radiosurgery techniques. The baseline situation at the time of treatment, the modified breast-GPA and the molecular subtypes, are factors that significantly influence patient survival.

Resumen Antecedentes: La radioterapia holocraneal (WBRT) y la radiocirugía estereotáctica (SRS) son dos modalidades de tratamiento comúnmente empleados para el tratamiento de las metástasis cerebrales (BMs). Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio es analizar de forma retrospectiva el control local y la supervivencia de los pacientes con BMs de cáncer de mama (BC) tratados mediante radiocirugía empleando arcoterapia volumétrica modulada (VMAT-RS). Métodos: Se analizaron 18 pacientes con 41 BMs de BC tratados mediante VMAT-RS. Se clasificaron según el subtipo molecular de BC y el GPA (Graded Prognostic Assessment) modificado de cáncer de mama. Los pacientes presentaron de 1-4 BMs, las cuales fueron tratadas con 5 arcos VMAT no coplanares. Se analizó la distribución espacial de las BMs, la influencia del status del receptor en la localización de las lesiones y la supervivencia evaluada mediante el modelo de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: La mediana del tiempo de supervivencia (MST) fue de 19.7 meses. Se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en el MST según el índice de Karnofsky (p= 0.02) y el status de HER2 (p= 0.004), siendo más prolongado en las pacientes HER2+. Por último, nuestros resultados mostraron que el cerebelo es el lugar predominante de las BMs de cáncer de mama, y también sugirieron que las BMs HER2+ presentaban una predilección por algunas estructuras de la circulación posterior, como el cerebelo, el tronco cerebral y los lóbulos occipitales (p= 0.048). Conclusiones: VMAT-RS es una técnica con una supervivencia global comparable a otras técnicas de radiocirugía. La situación basal en el momento del tratamiento, el GPA modificado de cáncer de mama así como los subtipos moleculares de cáncer de mama, son factores que influyen de forma significativa en la supervivencia de los pacientes.

Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(4): 505-511, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339100


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate changes in bone density and architecture in postmenopausal women with breast cancer (BC) and use of aromatase inhibitor (AI). Subjects and methods: Thirty-four postmenopausal women with BC, without bone metastasis, renal function impairment and who were not receiving bone-active drugs were selected from a population of 523 outpatients treated for BC. According to the presence of hormonal receptors, HER2 and Ki67, seventeen had positive hormonal receptors and received anastrozole (AI group), and seventeen were triple-negative receptors (non-AI group), previously treated with chemotherapy. Areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) analyses were performed by DXA; vBMD and bone microarchitecture were evaluated by HR-pQCT. Fracture risk was estimated using the FRAX tool. Results: No patient referred previous low-impact fracture, and VFA detected one moderate vertebral fracture in a non-AI patient. AI patients showed lower aBMD and BMD T-scores at the hip and 33% radius and a higher proportion of osteoporosis diagnosis on DXA (47%) vs non-AI (17.6%). AI group had significantly lower values for vBMD at the entire, cortical and trabecular bone compartments, cortical and trabecular thickness and BV/TV. They also had a higher risk for major fractures and for hip fractures estimated by FRAX. Several HR-pQCT parameters evaluated at distal radius and distal tibia were significantly associated with fracture risk. Conclusion: AI is associated with alterations in bone density and microarchitecture of both the cortical and trabecular compartments. These findings explain the overall increase in fracture risk in this specific population.

Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291964


Objetivo: Avaliar o custo-efetividade do uso de um painel genético de 21 genes em pacientes adultas diagnosticadas com câncer de mama em estádio inicial em uma operadora de saúde com mais de 500.000 vidas. Métodos: Foi utilizada uma coorte prospectiva seguida de um estudo de custo-efetividade entre os pacientes que utilizaram Oncotype DX® em 2020. Calcularam-se as despesas totais de cada esquema de quimioterapia (QT), somando-se os custos dos produtos e taxas de infusão. Resultados: Das 35 pacientes que utilizaram o teste de 21 genes no período avaliado, 60% (n = 21) não necessitaram de QT. Quando aplicadas simulações, houve custo evitado de R$ -1.945.448,88 (custos incrementais potenciais de R$ -6.488.207,56 até R$ 443.485,26, dependendo do esquema de QT escolhido). Conclusão: A inserção do teste de 21 genes na jornada do tratamento de câncer de mama na saúde suplementar evidenciou significativa relevância, pois contribuiu com o uso adequado da terapêutica, garantindo a sustentabilidade do sistema de saúde. Apresentando-se como uma opção custo-efetiva para a maioria dos esquemas de QT em comparação com a sua não utilização no tratamento, para a saúde suplementar brasileira

Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the use of a genetic panel of 21 genes in adult patients diagnosed with early stage breast cancer in a healthcare provider with more than 500,000 lives. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted, followed by cost-effectiveness, among patients who used Oncotype DX® , in 2020. The total costs of each chemotherapy scheme (QT) were calculated, adding the costs of the products and infusion fees. Results: Of the 35 patients who used 21 gene tests in the evaluation period, 60% (n = 21) did not require QT. When simulations were applied, there was an avoided cost of R$ -1.945.448,88 (Potentials incremental costs from -R$ 6.488.207,56 to +R$ 443.485,26, depending on the chosen QT scheme). Conclusion: The insertion of 21-Gene recurrence score in the breast cancer treatment journey in supplementary health showed significant relevance, as it contributes to the appropriate use of therapy, guaranteeing the sustainability of the health system. Presenting itself as a cost-effective option for most QT schemes compared to not being used in treatment, for Brazilian supplementary health System

Multimed (Granma) ; 25(4): e1910, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287428


RESUMEN Una vez diseñada la metodología ASI-IMC, que permite una correcta aplicación del análisis estadístico implicativo en los estudios de causalidad en medicina se aplicó la misma en dichos estudios. Se escogió como ejemplo un estudio de factores pronósticos de mortalidad en cáncer de mama. El objetivo es evaluar la efectividad de la metodología de empleo del análisis estadístico implicativo en la identificación de posibles factores causales. Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico prospectivo de tipo casos y controles anidado en una cohorte, cuyo universo de estudio quedó conformado por todas las mujeres mayores de 18 años de edad con el diagnóstico clínico e histológico de cáncer de mama, procedentes de la provincia de Santiago de Cuba, atendidas en el Hospital Oncológico "Conrado Benítez", entre 2014 y 2019 con una muestra de 140 casos y 140 controles, empleando 25 covariables como supuestos factores pronósticos y aplicando las 5 primeras etapas de la metodología de empleo del análisis estadístico implicativo en los estudios de causalidad en medicina. Fueron identificados como factores de buen pronóstico en pacientes con cáncer de mama la determinación de los biomarcadores, mientras que, de mal pronóstico clasificaron el estadio avanzado y la quimioterapia de manera directa, así como el tamaño tumoral y la metástasis, de manera indirecta. La metodología empleada permitió la identificación de posibles factores causales en la investigación presentada, evidenciando una vez más su efectividad.

ABSTRACT Once the "ASI-IMC" methodology that allows a correct application of the statistical analysis implicated in the causality studies in medicine was designed, it was applied in said studies. A study of prognostic factors of mortality in breast cancer was chosen as an example. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the employment methodology of the statistical analysis implicit in the identification of possible causal factors; a prospective analytical observational study of cases and controls nested in a cohort was conducted, whose study universe was made up of all women over 18 years of age with the clinical and histological diagnosis of breast cancer, from the province from Santiago de Cuba, treated at the "Conrado Benítez" Oncology Hospital, between 2014 and 2019 with a sample of 140 cases and 140 controls, using 25 covariates as supposed prognostic factors and applying the first 5 stages of the employment methodology of the implicative statistical analysis in causation studies in medicine. Biomarker determination was identified as factors of good prognosis in breast cancer patients, while, of poor prognosis classified advanced stage and chemotherapy directly, as well as tumor size and metastasis, indirectly. The methodology used allowed the identification of possible causal factors in the research presented, demonstrating once again its effectiveness.

RESUMO Uma vez desenhada a metodologia ASI-BMI, que permite uma correta aplicação da análise estatística implicativa nos estudos de causalidade em medicina, foi aplicada nos referidos estudos. Um estudo de fatores prognósticos para mortalidade no câncer de mama foi escolhido como exemplo. O objetivo é avaliar a eficácia da metodologia de utilização da análise estatística implicativa na identificação de possíveis fatores causais. Foi realizado um estudo observacional analítico prospectivo do tipo caso-controle aninhado em uma coorte, cujo universo de estudo foi constituído por todas as mulheres maiores de 18 anos com diagnóstico clínico e histológico de câncer de mama, da província de Santiago de Cuba. , atendidos no Hospital Oncológico "Conrado Benítez", entre 2014 e 2019 com uma amostra de 140 casos e 140 controles, utilizando 25 covariáveis como supostos fatores prognósticos e aplicando as 5 primeiras etapas da metodologia de uso da análise estatística implicativa na causalidade estudos em medicina. A determinação dos biomarcadores foi identificada como fatores de bom prognóstico em pacientes com câncer de mama, enquanto o estágio avançado e a quimioterapia foram classificados diretamente como de mau prognóstico, assim como o tamanho do tumor e metástases, indiretamente. A metodologia utilizada permitiu a identificação de possíveis fatores causais nas pesquisas apresentadas, demonstrando mais uma vez sua eficácia.

Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 259-268, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252241


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Anticancer treatment gives rise to adverse effects such as increased pain and changes to body weight and menstrual cycles, with negative effects on activities of daily living. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of food orientation combined with supervised (face-to-face, FF) versus home-based (HB) aerobic training on lifestyle (food consumption and daily physical activity (PA) levels), body composition, metabolic profile and cardiorespiratory fitness, among breast cancer survivors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Clinical trial study (six months) conducted at a public university in Presidente Prudente, Brazil. METHODS: Twenty-three female breast cancer survivors (40-75 years old) were allocated to aerobic training groups, either FF or HB. Both groups were trained and received food orientation. They were evaluated through a dietary record, ergometric treadmill test and blood test and the Baecke questionnaire. RESULTS: After six months, both groups had reduced their lipid levels, total energy consumption and polyunsaturated fat intake, and had increased their PA levels and treadmill test durations. However, only the HB showed reduced carbohydrate percentage and increased folic acid; and only the FF showed reduced lipid, saturated fat and sodium levels, along with increased carbohydrate and protein levels. No differences in body composition or metabolic profile were found. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated the feasibility of HB aerobic training. In isolation, HB showed greater regulation of carbohydrate percentage and increased folic acid levels. Moreover, these breast cancer survivors presented improvements in food consumption, PA levels and cardiorespiratory fitness, while also maintaining their body composition and metabolic profile after the intervention, independent of the group.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/therapy , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Cancer Survivors , Brazil , Activities of Daily Living , Exercise