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1.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(1): 27-35, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368194

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A remoção de implantes mamários de silicone é uma cirurgia com crescente notoriedade. O avanço nos estudos sobre o linfoma BIA-ALCL (Breast Implant Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma) e patologias inflamatórias/autoimunes relacionadas aos implantes, como a síndrome de ASIA (Autoimmune Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants), tem gerado desconforto em muitas pacientes, que optam pela sua retirada. Essa demanda traz ao cirurgião um cenário muitas vezes desafiador, no qual é preciso devolver às mamas um formato anatômico e esteticamente agradável após a retirada desse material. O objetivo é demonstrar estratégias cirúrgicas para o explante mamário de silicone. Métodos: Foram avaliadas 20 pacientes submetidas ao explante mamário, entre setembro de 2020 e março de 2021, incluindo explantes simples e associados à mastopexia. A indicação cirúrgica foi a demanda explícita das pacientes, motivadas por queixas como receio de patologias associadas, descontentamento estético, desconforto nas mamas, sintomas sistêmicos, desejo de não ter mais implantes, contratura capsular, rotação ou ruptura dos mesmos. As técnicas cirúrgicas são descritas. Resultados: Foi realizado o explante simples em 7 pacientes e em 13 foi feito o explante com mastopexia. Em 17 pacientes foi associada a lipoenxertia. A capsulectomia foi executada em todos os casos. Nas mastopexias, usamos o retalho dermoglandular de pedículo inferior para preservação de tecido mamário, associando também a lipoenxertia. Conclusão: As técnicas descritas conseguem devolver às mamas formato satisfatório, com baixas taxas de complicação e bom nível de aceitação das pacientes. Apesar das patologias relacionadas aos implantes de silicone até o momento mostrarem-se estatisticamente raras, é fundamental que estejamos atentos a sintomas e capacitados para oferecer opções cirúrgicas para o explante.


Introduction: Breast implants explantation surgery has been increasing in notoriety. Advances in studies on lymphomas BIA-ALCL (Breast Implant Associated Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma) and inflammatory/autoimmune pathologies related to the implants, like ASIA (Autoimmune Syndrome Induced by Adjuvants), has generated discomfort in many patients that choose to remove it. This type of demand, where it is necessary to return the breasts to an anatomical and aesthetically pleasing shape after the removal of the implants, might be a challenge for surgeons. The objective is to demonstrate surgical strategies for breast silicone explantation. Methods: Twenty patients who underwent the breast explantation surgery between September 2020 and March 2021 were evaluated. The surgical indication was always the patients demand, motivated by fear of associated pathologies, aesthetic dissatisfaction, discomfort in the breasts, systemic symptoms, desire to have no more breast implant, capsular contracture, rotation or rupture of the implant. Surgical techniques are described. Results: The simple explant was performed in 7 patients, and in 13 the explant was performed with mastopexy. In 17 patients, fat grafting was associated. Capsulectomy was performed in all cases. In mastopexies, we used the inferior dermoglandular flap to preserve breast tissue, also associating fat grafting. Conclusion: Techniques described are able to return the breasts to a satisfactory shape, with low complication rates and good levels of patient acceptance. Despite the pathologies related to silicone implants so far show themselves statistically rare, it is essential that we are attentive to symptoms and trained to provide surgical strategy for the explant.

2.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(1): 89-93, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368246

ABSTRACT

Apesar dos mais de 60 anos de história, dezenas de estudos e grandes amostras populacionais, nos últimos anos diversos pacientes têm retornado ao consultório do cirurgião plástico. Apresentam dúvidas a respeito do silicone, algumas devido aos relatos recentes de BIA-ALCL (Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma), mas a grande maioria pela possibilidade de sintomas sistêmicos relacionados aos implantes e que despertam o desejo da sua remoção. Procedimento conhecido como explante. Este fenômeno, cujas dúvidas são inúmeras e as respostas mínimas, é conhecido na literatura mundial como Breast Implant Illness (BII). Na Internet e redes sociais, centenas de sinais e sintomas têm sido relacionados às próteses de silicone, usualmente inespecíficos. Os sintomas mais comuns referidos pelas pacientes são fadiga crônica, artralgia, confusão mental, mialgia, perda de memória, dificuldade de concentração e olhos secos. Até o momento, não existem testes diagnósticos para BII, nenhum método baseado em evidência científica para diferenciá-la de outras condições e há muito pouco conhecimento a respeito do seu início, curso, fatores de risco, causas e manejo adequado. A opção pela retirada dos implantes vem crescendo vertiginosamente nos últimos anos, sendo uma das dez cirurgias mais realizadas nos Estados Unidos no ano passado. A literatura mostra taxas de melhora dos sintomas variáveis após o explante e as pacientes mostram-se, via de regra, satisfeitas com seu resultado estético e apresentam níveis de ansiedade e estresse menores após o procedimento. São necessários estudos prospectivos, randomizados bem desenhados correlacionando períodos distintos das pacientes, desde o pré-operatório do implante até o pós-explante.


Despite more than 60 years of history, numerous studies and large population samples, in recent years, several patients have returned to the plastic surgeons office. They have doubts about the silicone, some due to the recent reports of BIAALCL, but the vast majority due to the possibility of systemic symptoms related to the implants and which arouse the desire for its removal. Procedure known as explant. This phenomenon, whose doubts are numerous and the responses are minimal, is known in the world literature as Breast Implant Illness (BII). On the Internet and social networks, hundreds of signs and symptoms have been related to silicone implants, usually nonspecific. The most common symptoms reported by patients are chronic fatigue, arthralgia, mental confusion, myalgia, memory loss, difficulty concentrating and dry eyes. So far, there are no diagnostic tests for BII, no method based on scientific evidence to differentiate it from other conditions, and there is very little knowledge about its onset, course, risk factors, causes and proper management. The option for removing the implants has been growing dramatically in recent years, being one of the ten most performed surgeries in the United States last year. The literature shows variable improvement rates after the explantation and the patients are, as a rule, satisfied with their aesthetic result and have lower levels of anxiety and stress after the procedure. Prospective, well-designed randomized studies correlating different periods are necessary, from the preoperative period of the implant until after the explantation.

3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(1): 67-73, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365666

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the underestimation rate in breast surgical biopsy after the diagnosis of radial scar/complex sclerosing lesion through percutaneous biopsy. Data Sources A systematic review was performed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. The PubMed, SciELO, Cochrane, and Embase databases were consulted, with searches conducted through November 2020, using specific keywords (radial scar OR complex sclerosing lesion, breast cancer, anatomopathological percutaneous biopsy AND/OR surgical biopsy). Data collection Study selection was conducted by two researchers experienced in preparing systematic reviews. The eight selected articles were fully read, and a comparative analysis was performed. Study selection A total of 584 studies was extracted, 8 of which were selected. One of them included women who had undergone a percutaneous biopsy with a histological diagnosis of radial scar/complex sclerosing lesion and subsequently underwent surgical excision; the results were used to assess the underestimation rate of atypical and malignant lesions. Data synthesis The overall underestimation rate in the 8 studies ranged from 1.3 to 40% and the invasive lesion underestimation rate varied from 0 to 10.5%. Conclusion The histopathological diagnosis of a radial scar/complex sclerosing lesion on the breast is not definitive, and it may underestimate atypical andmalignant lesions, which require a different treatment, making surgical excision an important step in diagnostic evaluation.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o grau de discordância entre biópsia percutânea e cirúrgica da mama em pacientes com diagnóstico de cicatriz radiada/lesão esclerosante complexa (CR/LEC) por meio de uma revisão sistemática. Fontes dos dados Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática segundo as recomendações do Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA, na sigla em inglês). As bases de dados primárias consultadas foram PubMed, SciELO, Cochrane e Embase, combuscas conduzidas até novembro de 2020, utilizando palavras chaves específicas (cicatriz radiada OU lesão esclerosante complexa, câncer de mama, anatomopatológico de biópsia percutânea E/OU biópsia cirúrgica). Seleção dos estudos A busca dos artigos resultou em um total de 584 estudos, sendo 8 selecionados, os quais incluíam mulheres submetidas a biópsia com diagnóstico histológico de CR/LEC e posteriormente submetidas a exérese cirúrgica para avaliar como desfecho o grau de subestimação de lesões atípicas e malignas. Coleta de dados A seleção dos estudos foi conduzida por dois pesquisadores, com experiência na elaboração de revisão sistemática. Os oito artigos selecionados foram lidos na íntegra e submetidos a uma análise comparativa. Síntese dos dados Cicatrizes radiadas/lesões esclerosante complexas foram associadas com lesões atípicas e malignas após a exérese cirúrgica. O grau de subestimação geral foi calculado pela porcentagem de lesões atípicas e malignas no anatomopatológico após a exérese cirúrgica dentre o total de CR/LEC diagnosticadas, enquanto o grau de subestimação de lesões invasoras foi calculado considerando-se apenas os carcinomas invasivos. O grau de subestimação geral dos estudos selecionados variou de 1,3 a 40%, e o de lesões invasoras de 0 a 10,5%. Conclusão O diagnóstico histopatológico de CR/LEC na mama não é definitivo, podendo subestimar lesões atípicas e malignas, cujo tratamento é distinto, tornando a exérese cirúrgica etapa fundamental na investigação diagnóstica.

4.
Rev. Assoc. Méd. Rio Gd. do Sul ; 65(4): 01022105, OUT-DEZ 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392991

ABSTRACT

O Sarcoma Mamário tem origem no mesênquima e é um tipo raro de tumor. Caracteriza-se por uma massa palpável, mole e de crescimento rápido. O diagnóstico precoce é dificilmente estabelecido, devido à característica de crescimento do tumor e à dificuldade de classificação histopatológica, o que leva a maioria dos pacientes a apresentar um mau prognóstico. O caso relatado apresenta uma mulher de 44 anos, sem fatores de risco para câncer de mama, diagnosticada com SM múltiplo ipsilateral. O diagnóstico foi estabelecido através de exames de imagens e biópsia. A paciente foi submetida à mastectomia, e a equipe multidisciplinar optou por continuar seu tratamento com quimioterapia e radioterapia adjuvantes, que mostraram resultados satisfatórios.


Mammary Sarcoma originates in the mesenchyme and is a rare type of tumor. It is characterized by a palpable, soft and rapidly growing mass. Early diagnosis is difficult to establish, due to the tumor growth characteristic and the difficulty of histopathological classification, which leads most patients to have a poor prognosis. The case reported presents a 44-year-old woman, without risk factors for breast cancer, diagnosed with ipsilateral multiple MS. Diagnosis was established through imaging and biopsy. The patient underwent mastectomy, and the multidisciplinary team chose to continue her treatment with adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy, which showed satisfactory results.

5.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1205-1209, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909689

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the imaging characteristics of invasive fibromatosis from breast parenchyma, and to explore the clinical value of multimodal ultrasound.Methods:The two-dimensional, color Doppler and elastic imaging sonographic manifestations and pathological features of 12 cases of breast invasive fibromatosis included in the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical College from October 2015 to October 2020 were studied retrospectively.Results:Two dimensional ultrasound showed that 12 cases of breast invasive fibromatosis grew in parallel, with different sizes, unclear boundary and no complete capsule. The edge morphology of 7 cases (7/12) showed crab foot like changes; The tumor showed solid heterogeneous hypoechoic, punctate hyperechoic in 3 cases (3/12), and echo attenuation behind the tumor in 3 cases (3/12); The blood flow in the tumor was mainly grade 1-2 (9/12). Twelve tumors were examined quantitatively by virtual touch tissue quantifification. The shear wave velocity was (3.08±0.75)m/s. The diagnostic accuracy of multimodal ultrasound in invasive fibromatosis of breast (10/12) was significantly higher than that of conventional ultrasound (3/12, χ 2=8.224, P=0.004). The gross manifestation of the tumor: the section was gray or gray yellow, with unclear boundary and no capsule; Microscopic findings: fascicular fibroblasts and myofibroblasts proliferated, accompanied by varying degrees of glassy degeneration, acellular atypia, nuclear division and necrosis. Conclusions:Conventional ultrasound is difficult to distinguish invasive fibromatosis and malignant tumor of breast, and its ultrasonic manifestations are closely related to pathological features. The combined application of multimodal ultrasound can significantly improve the diagnostic coincidence rate of the disease and has high clinical application value.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909173

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of minimally invasive rotary resection versus open surgery in the treatment of benign breast tumor. Methods:The clinical data of 112 patients with benign breast tumor who received treatment in Jiamusi Central Hospital, China between April 2018 and October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into minimally invasive rotary resection group ( n = 56) and open surgery group ( n = 56) according to different surgical methods. The minimally invasive rotary resection group was treated with an Anke minimally invasive system, and the open surgery group was treated with open surgery. Operation time, pain score, incision length, incidence of complications, and patient satisfaction were compared between the two groups. Results:Operation time, pain score and incision length were (15.39 ± 3.21) minutes, (2.36 ± 0.52) points, (3.0 ± 0.11) mm, respectively, in the minimally invasive rotary resection group and they were (32.55 ± 4.56) minutes, (4.45 ± 1.48) points and (22.65 ± 8.23) mm, respectively in the open surgery group. There were significant differences in these indices between the two groups ( t = 23.027, 9.970, 17.865, all P < 0.05). The incidence of compilations in the minimally invasive rotary resection group was significantly lower than that in the open surgery group [1.78% (1/56) vs. 14.28% (8/56) , χ2 = 5.920, P < 0.05). Patient satisfaction in the minimally invasive rotary resection group was significantly higher than that in the open surgery group [96.42% (54/56) vs. 80.35% (45/56), χ2 = 7.049, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Minimally invasive rotary resection surgery for the treatment of benign breast tumor has an obvious therapeutic effect, a low incidence of complications and high patient satisfaction.

7.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 605-608,C1, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907490

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of Runing granule for hyperplasia of mammary gland.Methods:The databases such as the CNKI, Wanfang Data, VIP, CBM, Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed and Web of Science are searched from the date of their establishment to June 2020. The main outcome measures were effective rate and incidence of adverse events. All randomized control trial (RCT) about the clinical effectiveness and safety of Runing granule single (single group) or combined with other treatment (combined group)/ other treatment (control group) for hyperplasia of mammary gland were included. Endnote software was used to manage literature, Excel software was used to extract data, quality assessment was conducted according to the methods of Cochrane Reviewers′ Handbook 5.1 recommend by the Cochrane Collaboration and Revman 5.3 software was used to perform Meta-analysis.Results:Twelve RCT were included with total 2 447 patients. In terms of efficiency, Meta-analysis showed single group was better than control group ( RR=1.17, 95% CI: 1.00-1.36, P=0.04), combined group was better than control group ( RR=1.35, 95% CI: 1.10-1.67, P=0.005). In terms of adverse event rate, single group was lower than control group ( RR=0.18, 95% CI: 0.09-0.34, P<0.01), combined group was better than control group( RR=0.33, 95% CI: 0.20-0.56, P<0.01). Conclusion:The usage of Runing granule single or combined with other treatment in the treatment of hyperplasia of mammary gland is more effective and the adverse reaction is lower.

8.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31408, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291383

ABSTRACT

A mastite é uma patologia relativamente frequente na mulher que amamenta. Surge maioritariamente nas primeiras seis semanas após o parto (prevalência entre 75-95% antes do bebé completar os três meses de vida), podendo, contudo, ocorrer ao longo de todo o período da amamentação. Apresenta-se clinicamente com mastalgia, eritema e edema mamário, linfonodomegalia axilar, febre, calafrios, mal-estar e prostração. Entretanto, o quadro clínico completo pode não estar presente em todos os casos. A técnica incorreta de amamentação provoca as microlesões mamáriasque são fatores associados à mastite, inicialmente, e esta quando não recebe tratamento adequado pode evoluirpara os abscessos mamários, que são caracterizados clinicamente por nodulação palpável ou não, flutuante, parcialmente circunscrita, geralmente no quadrante superior lateral da mama afetada. O microrganismo mais envolvido é o Staphylococcus aureus. O diagnóstico diferencial envolve principalmente outras causas não infecciosas de mastite, por exemplo a granulomatosa com reação a corpo estranho (piercing, implantes de silicone) e também malignidade. A ultrassonografia é um método bastante útil na investigação inicial daqueles quadros com suspeita de desenvolvimento de tal complicação e possibilita de maneira segura o tratamento minimamente invasivo e a obtenção de amostra para analise laboratorial. Isto permite a escolha de antibioticoterapia direcionada para os microorganismos causadores.


Mastitis is a relatively common condition in breastfeeding women. It appears mostly in the first six weeks after delivery (prevalence between 75-95% before the baby is three months old), however, it can occur throughout the entire period of breastfeeding. It may present clinically with mastalgia, erythema and breast edema, axillary lymph node enlargement, fever, chills, malaise and prostration. However, the complete clinical picture may not be present in all cases. The incorrect breastfeeding technique causes breast microlesions which are factors associated with mastitis, initially, and when it does not receive adequate treatment it can evolve for breast abscesses, which are characterized clinically by palpable or not, floating, partially circumscribed nodulation, usually in the upper lateral quadrant of the affected breast. The most involved microorganism is Staphylococcus aureus. The differential diagnosis mainly involves other non-infectious causes of mastitis, for example granulomatous with a foreign body reaction (piercing, silicone implants) and also malignancy. Ultrasonography is a very useful method in the initial investigation of those conditions suspected of developing such a complication, and it safely allows minimally invasive treatment and obtaining a sample for laboratory analysis. This allows the choice of antibiotic therapy directed at the causative microorganisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Silicones , Breast Implants , Mastitis , Staphylococcus aureus , Wounds and Injuries , Breast Feeding , Diagnostic Imaging , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Infections , Inflammation , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
9.
Mastology (Online) ; 31: 1-5, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343637

ABSTRACT

Pseudoangiomatous Stromal Hyperplasia (PASH) of the breast is a rare condition that consists of the proliferation of the breast myofibroblastic stromal cells, lining anastomosing vascular slit-like spaces. This condition is not considered a pre-malignant lesion and affects mainly premenopausal women. Its etiology is still uncertain, but its behavior points to a hormonal cause. It has a varied clinical presentation and can be diagnosed as an incidental finding of biopsies or with the manifestation of clinical signs and symptoms. As for the diagnosis, it can be performed with the correlation between clinical data, imaging and histopathological analysis. Due to its rare nature, there are still no prospective studies regarding treatment, but, in most cases, clinical and radiological follow-up is a safe strategy. The aim of this paper is to synthesize the data available in the literature about this condition, which, although benign in nature, can bring important aesthetic, musculoskeletal and psychological repercussions

10.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021331, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339245

ABSTRACT

Metaplastic breast carcinoma is a rare subtype of invasive breast carcinoma. Metaplastic carcinoma with osseous differentiation is exceptionally uncommon. Because of the heterogenous microscopy of the lesion, various clinical and radiological features are observed, leading to diagnostic difficulty. Herein, we present a case of a 43-year-old female with a recurrent breast lump, who was clinically diagnosed as a phyllodes tumor. However, histopathological examination revealed metaplastic carcinoma with extensive osseous differentiation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/pathology , Phyllodes Tumor/pathology , Ossification, Heterotopic/pathology
11.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 35(4): 427-431, out.dez.2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367925

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A síndrome ASIA é a abreviação em inglês de síndrome autoimune induzida por adjuvantes, síndrome que engloba doenças autoimunes desencadeadas por silicone e outras substâncias. Evidências mostram a associação da inclusão de prótese de mama de silicone com a síndrome ASIA. O explante de prótese de silicone é um recurso importante no tratamento da síndrome ASIA, porém há poucos estudos analisando a melhora dos sintomas e da qualidade de vida que a cirurgia pode proporcionar. Métodos: Foram analisadas 15 pacientes com síndrome ASIA submetidas à explante da prótese de mama e reconstrução com mastopexia. Durante o acompanhamento de 12 meses foram avaliadas quanto à evolução dos sintomas e, através do questionário Breast- Q®, da qualidade de vida. Resultados: Os sintomas mais comuns como mialgia, artralgia, fadiga crônica, pele e cabelos secos tiveram melhora em mais de 80% das pacientes operadas ao final de 12 meses de acompanhamento. Houve melhora na qualidade de vida após o procedimento cirúrgico quando comparado com o pré-operatório. Conclusão: O explante de prótese de mama em pacientes com síndrome ASIA parece estar associado à melhora da qualidade de vida e diminuição dos sintomas relacionados à síndrome.


Introduction: ASIA syndrome is the abbreviation for the adjuvant-induced autoimmune syndrome, a syndrome that encompasses autoimmune diseases triggered by silicone and other substances. Evidence shows the association of silicone breast implant with ASIA syndrome. The silicone prosthesis explant is an essential resource in treating ASIA syndrome; however, there are few studies analyzing the improvement in symptoms and the quality of life that surgery can provide. Methods: Fifteen patients with ASIA syndrome who underwent breast implant prosthesis and reconstruction with mastopexy were analyzed. During the 12-month followup, they were assessed for symptom evolution and, through the Breast-Q® questionnaire, for quality of life. Results: The most common symptoms, such as myalgia, arthralgia, chronic fatigue, dry skin, and hair, were improved in more than 80% of patients operated on after 12 months of followup. There was an improvement in the quality of life after the surgical procedure when compared to the preoperative. Conclusion: Breast prosthesis explants in patients with ASIA syndrome seem to be associated with improved quality of life and decreased symptoms related to the syndrome.

12.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(9)sept. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389319

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Strain elastography (SE) and shear wave elastography (SWE) have high diagnostic yield for breast lesions, but the optimal parameters remain elusive. Aim: To evaluate the diagnostic yield of SWE and SE for breast lesions by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Material and Methods: A total of 132 patients with 164 breast tumors were enrolled. Breast lesions were classified with the breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS). Maximum (Emax), mean (Emean) and standard deviation (Esd) of elastic modulus, lesion/fat elasticity ratio and elastographic classification were obtained by SWE. Strain ratio (SR) and elastographic score were obtained by SE. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed. The diagnostic efficiencies of BI-RADS classification, SWE, SE and their combination were compared plotting ROC curves. Results: There were 110 benign and 54 malignant lesions which had significantly different SWE and SE parameters. The parameters included in the logistic regression were Esd and elastographic classification obtained by SWE and the elastographic score obtained by SE. When combining SWE with SE, Esd, SR and SWE classification were included in the equation. The areas under ROC curves for BI-RADS classification, SWE, SE and their combination were 0.75, 0.88, 0.79 and 0.89, respectively. Conclusions: The diagnostic value of SWE in combination with SE for breast lesions exceeded that of SE or SWE alone. Esd showed a good diagnostic yield when SWE was used alone or combined with SE.


Antecedentes: La elastografía de deformación (SE) y de onda cortante (SWE) son útiles para el diagnóstico de lesiones mamarias, pero falta definir los parámetros óptimos. Objetivo: Evaluar el valor diagnóstico de SE y SWE en lesiones mamarias usando una regresión logística multivariable. Material y Métodos: Ciento treinta y dos pacientes con 164 tumores mamarios fueron evaluados, los que se clasificaron usando el sistema BI-RADS (breast imaging reporting and data system). El módulo elástico máximo, promedio y su desviación estándar (Esd), la razón entre la elasticidad de la lesión y de la grasa y la clasificación elastográfica se obtuvieron con SWE. La razón de deformación (SR) y el puntaje elastográfico se obtuvieron con SE. Se efectuó una regresión logística y las eficiencias diagnósticas de la clasificación BI-RADS, SWE and SE y su combinación se compararon usando curvas ROC (receiver operating characteristic curves). Resultados: Ciento diez lesiones fueron benignas y 54 malignas. Estas tenían parámetros SWE y SE significativamente diferentes. En la ecuación de regresión logística, se incluyeron la clasificación elastográfica y el Esd obtenidos por SWE y el puntaje elastográfico obtenido por SE. Cuando se combinó SWE y SE, se incluyeron en la ecuación el Esd, SR y la clasificación por SWE. Las áreas bajo la curva ROC para la clasificación BI-RADS, SWE y SE y la combinación de ambas fueron 0.75, 0.88, 079 y 0.89 respectivamente. Conclusiones: La combinación de SWE y SE tuvo un mejor rendimiento diagnóstico para lesiones mamarias que cada parámetro por separado. Esd tuvo un buen rendimiento diagnóstico cuando se utilizó SWE sola o combinada con SE.

13.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213216

ABSTRACT

Background: Recent understanding of pathophysiology and health awareness may have impact on spectrum of benign breast disease (BBD) in rural area. We have analyzed clinical data of 88 cases of BBD for spectrum and clinical profile to compare with present studies.Methods: Clinical records of 88 cases of BBD were reviewed for demographic details, clinical presentation, management and outcome. Recent literature related to BBD in rural area was searched using various search engines. Results of our study were compared with recent studies.Results: Fibroadenoma (FA) was most common condition followed by fibrocystic disease. BBD were common in third decade 46 (52.3%). Lump was present in 87 cases. Lump was painful in 45 (52.3%), and associated with fever in 15 (17.1%) cases. Fine needle aspiration cytology and ultrasound was done in 70 and 32 patients in which diagnostic accuracy with histopathology was seen in 69.7% and 56.2% respectively. Surgical treatment included lumpectomy, lump excision, mastectomy, drainage with debridement and axillary clearance. Three patients of breast tuberculosis were treated with 9 months AKT. When compared with recent studies, over all spectrum was same expect chronic abscess presenting as lump was more in our series.Conclusions: Our study revealed benign neoplasms, inflammatory condition and tumor like lesions in 43.1%, 14.6% and 13.8% cases respectively. FA was the most common lesion. BBD were common in third decade. Except the chronic mastitis, incidence of various types of benign lesions was comparable with those found in other studies. There is not much change in overall spectrum of benign breast disease.

14.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 35(2): 168-174, apr.-jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103828

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer de mama é a segunda neoplasia mais comum entre as mulheres. A constante evolução científica tem permitido abordagens cirúrgicas cada vez menos invasivas, diminuindo a morbidade relacionada ao tratamento sem prejuízo oncológico. O objetivo deste artigo é mostrar os resultados cirúrgicos e a versatilidade da mamoplastia redutora com a técnica de Pitanguy modificada, para otimização da reconstrução imediata associada à cirurgia oncológica. Métodos: Apresentamos os casos de três pacientes submetidas à técnica proposta. A marcação da mama com diagnóstico de câncer é planejada seguindo os princípios da mamoplastia redutora descrita por Pitanguy. Porém, o triângulo de ressecção inferolateral é transposto para a área supratumoral. Ele pode ser posicionado da junção dos quadrantes laterais (JQL) até o quadrante superolateral (QSL) da mama oncológica. Resultados: As três pacientes foram submetidas à técnica descrita associada à mamoplastia de simetrização contralateral com a técnica de Pitanguy. Todas realizaram radioterapia adjuvante, associada ou não à quimioterapia. Duas pacientes evoluíram sem intercorrências e uma apresentou pequena necrose de 1x1cm na junção inferior dos retalhos na mama com câncer, que foi tratada de maneira conservadora sem atrasar o tratamento adjuvante. Todas seguem satisfeitas com o resultado estético. Conclusão: A técnica descrita mostrou-se uma boa alternativa para tumores localizados entre a JQL e o QSL da mama oncológica, proporcionando ressecções mais amplas e dessa forma ampliando a indicação de cirurgia conservadora e reduzindo a necessidade de cirurgia radical, com melhores resultados estéticos sem prejuízo do desfecho oncológico.


Introduction: Breast cancer is the second most common cancer among women. Constant scientific evolution has allowed increasingly less invasive surgical approaches, reducing treatment-related morbidity without cancer damage. The objective of this article is to show the surgical results and the versatility of reduction mammoplasty with the modified Pitanguy technique to optimize the immediate reconstruction associated with cancer surgery. Methods: We present the cases of three patients who underwent the proposed technique. Marking of the breast diagnosed with cancer is planned following the principles of reduction mammoplasty described by Pitanguy. However, the inferolateral resection triangle is transposed into the supratumoral area. It can be placed from the junction of the lateral quadrants (JLQ) to the superolateral quadrant (SLQ) of the oncological breast. Results: the three patients underwent the described technique associated with contralateral symmetrization mammoplasty with the Pitanguy technique. All were submitted to adjuvant radiation therapy, associated or not with chemotherapy. Two patients progressed without incident and one had a small necrosis of 1x1 cm at the flaps lower junction in the breast with cancer, which was treated conservatively without delaying the adjuvant treatment. All were satisfied with the aesthetic result. Conclusion: The described technique proved to be a good alternative for tumors located between the JLQ and the SLQ of the oncological breast. It provides broader resections and thus expands the indication for conservative surgery and reduces the need for radical surgery, with better aesthetic results without impairment of the cancer outcome

15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212854

ABSTRACT

Background: Benign breast diseases are common pathological entities with which women in her early reproductive age present to OPD with fear of malignancy and significant morbidity. Except for surgery and use of non-selective estrogen receptor blockers, there are no other treatment options, and these have lot side effects. Ormeloxifene a newer drug has shown promising results with minimal side effects and used as the first line of treatment reducing the morbidity of surgery and subjecting the patient to less hormonal side effects.Methods: Diagnosis of benign breast diseases was made by baseline investigation which included measurement of size of fibroadenoma using Vernier caliper and USG, fibroadenosis,ie nodularity measured using  Lucknow-Cardiff scale and VAS score was used for pain assessment of mastalgia after which patients will be given the drug and  placebo and the response for the drug and its side effects are noted.Results: 61.9% (44) were diagnosed with fibroadenoma, 16.9% (12) with fibroadenosis and 21.1% (15) with mastalgia. Lucknow Cardiff score for fibroadenosis exhibited 50% had smooth breasts with no nodularity at the end of six months, in fibroadenoma group 52% showed decrease in size and 31% showed complete disappearance of the lump and in the mastalgia group 40% had no pain (VAS score of 0). 16(22.5%) of had menstrual abnormality as the major side effect.Conclusions: Ormeloxifene can be used as the first line of treatment in patients with fibroadenosis and mastalgia and used as an alternative to surgery for fibroadenoma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861038

ABSTRACT

Complex cystic and solid breast lesions are common in breast cystic lesions, of which the malignant risk ranges widely. Ultrasound has become a major means of breast disease screening. Combining of conventional ultrasound and new technologies, such as ultrasonic elastography, contrast enhanced ultrasonography and three-dimensional ultrasound, can improve diagnosis accuracy of complex cystic and solid breast lesions. The application progresses of conventional ultrasound combined with new technologies in diagnosis of complex cystic and solid breast lesions were reviewed in this article.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860967

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the value of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) and flly-field digital mammography (FFDM) in evaluating breast architectural distortion (AD) lesions, and the value of DBT and ultrasound in differentiating benign and malignant breast AD. Methods: DBT, FFDM and ultrasound data of 58 patients with AD lesions detected with DBT were retrospectively analyzed. Taken pathological outcomes as standards, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DBT and FFDM in evaluating breast AD were compared and analyzed. The consistency of results of DBT and ultrasound in differentiating benign and malignant breast AD with pathological results was analyzed. ROC curve of DBT and ultrasound for differentiating benign and malignant breast AD were drawn, and the diagnostic efficacies were compared. Results: All patients underwent FFDM, and 41 of them also underwent ultrasound examination. Among 58 cases of breast AD detected with DBT, only 23 AD were found with FFDM (χ2=33.03, P0.05). Median consistency of DBT and ultrasound results was observed in differentiating benign and malignant breast AD and pathological results (Kappa=0.65, 0.71, both P0.05). Conclusion: The sensitivity and accuracy of DBT in evaluating breast AD are higher than FFDM. DBT is comparable to ultrasound in differentiating benign and malignant breast AD. AD detected with DBT has relatively high malignancy, so it is recommended to conduct timely biopsy for correct diagnosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): E005-E005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811579

ABSTRACT

Currently, the epidemic of 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is still ongoing. The characteristics including high contagiousness, herd susceptibility and clinical phenotype diversity, made a serious influence on people’s daily life and rountine therapy for other diseases. Breast dieases are clinical common diseases. In the central epidemic area of COVID-19, Hubei province, especially Wuhan, the clinical specialists of breast diseases should consider all of the following factors comprehensively: the prevention of COVID-19, the diagnosis and treatment of breast diseases and the accessibility of medical resources. Besides, we should select the appropriate therapy and optimize treatment process so as to prevent the propagation and cross infection of COVID-19 as well as manage the breast diseases without delay. Therefore, we carried out some management proposals of the patients with breast diseases in the central epidemic area during the epidemic of COVID-19 on the basis of conventional treatment guidelines and clinical experiences. The suggestions and corrections from colleagues will be welcomed.

19.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): E005-E005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811578

ABSTRACT

Currently, the epidemic of 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is still ongoing. The characteristics including high contagiousness, herd susceptibility and clinical phenotype diversity, made a serious influence on people’s daily life and rountine therapy for other diseases. Breast dieases are clinical common diseases. In the central epidemic area of COVID-19, Hubei province, especially Wuhan, the clinical specialists of breast diseases should consider all of the following factors comprehensively: the prevention of COVID-19, the diagnosis and treatment of breast diseases and the accessibility of medical resources. Besides, we should select the appropriate therapy and optimize treatment process so as to prevent the propagation and cross infection of COVID-19 as well as manage the breast diseases without delay. Therefore, we carried out some management proposals of the patients with breast diseases in the central epidemic area during the epidemic of COVID-19 on the basis of conventional treatment guidelines and clinical experiences. The suggestions and corrections from colleagues will be welcomed.

20.
Mastology (Online) ; 30: 1-7, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140979

ABSTRACT

Lymphonodopathy is an increase in volume and/or changes in the characteristics of lymph nodes, and it can be caused by benign or malignant diseases. Appropriate physical examination should define their clinical characteristics, and, if needed, complementary imaging or anatomopathological tests should be performed for diagnostic definition. In the present article, we report the case of a female patient, with sarcoidosis, who presented axillary lymph node disease, and the exams that followed until the diagnostic conclusion.

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