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1.
Rev. colomb. cienc. pecu ; 34(3): 212-223, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1408022

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Osteoarthritis is a complex degenerative disease with several factors contributing to joint damage. Objective: To compare the potential effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) and triamcinolone acetonide (TA), alone or combined, on the in vitro chondrogenic differentiation process of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Methods: MSCs were divided into four groups: Control, HA, TA, and HA/TA combined. Each treatment group was cultured for 14 days in chondrogenic differentiation medium. The chondrogenic differentiation potential was assessed by histology and immunohistochemistry. Results: The HA and HA/TA-treated MSCs presented histological characteristics similar to native chondrocytes. The extracellular matrix (ECM) of TA-treated MSCs was compact and organized. Glycosaminoglycan staining was intense in Control, moderate in TA, slight in HA/TA, and undetectable in HA. Type II collagen immunoreactivity was high in the TA-treated ECM and MSCs. Conclusions: Histological analysis shows that HA influences morphological development similar to chondrocytes of the MSCs, but with low expression of specific cartilage molecules. The TA promotes formation of a compact and organized ECM.


Resumen Antecedentes: La osteoartritis es una enfermedad degenerativa compleja en la cual varios factores contribuyen al daño articular. Objetivo: Comparar el efecto del ácido hialurónico (HA) y acetónido de triamcinolona (TA), solos o en combinación, en el proceso de diferenciación condrogénica in vitro de células madre mesenquimales (MSCs). Métodos: Las MSCs fueron divididas en cuatro grupos: Control, HA, TA y HA/TA, y cultivadas por 14 días en medio de diferenciación condrogénica para cada tratamiento. El potencial de diferenciación condrogénica fue analizado por medio de histología e inmunohistoquímica. Resultados: Las MSCs tratadas con HA y HA/TA, presentaron características histológicas similares a los condrocitos nativos, y la matriz extracelular (ECM) de MSCs tratadas con TA fue más compacta y organizada. La tinción de glicosaminoglicanos fue intensa en el Control, moderada en TA, ligera en HA/TA, y sin tinción en HA. La inmunoreactividad para colágeno tipo II fue más alta en las MSCs y ECM tratadas con TA. Conclusión: El análisis histológico muestra que el HA influencia un desarrollo morfológico similar a los condrocitos de las MSCs, pero con baja expresión de moléculas específicas de cartílago. La TA promueve la formación de una ECM compacta y organizada.


Resumo Antecedentes: A osteoartrite é uma doença degenerativa complexa, na qual vários fatores contribuem ao dano articular. Objetivo: Comparar o efeito do ácido hialurônico (HA) e Triancinolona acetonida (TA), só ou combinado no processo de diferenciação condrogênica in vitro de células tronco mesenquimais (MSCs). Métodos: MSCs foram divididas em 4 grupos: Controle, HA, TA y HA/TA e cultivadas por 14 dias com meio de diferenciação condrogênica e seus respectivos tratamentos. O potencial de diferenciação condrogênica foi acessado por meio de histologia e imunohistoquímica. Resultados: Histologicamente, MSCs tratadas com HA e HA/TA apresentaram características semelhantes de condrócitos nativos, e a matriz extracelular de MSCs tratadas com TA foi mais compacta e organizada. A coloração para glicosaminoglicanos foi intensa no Controle, moderada no TA, leve no HA/TA e sem coloração com HA. Para os grupos tratamento, a imunoreatividade para colágeno tipo II foi maior nas células e matriz extracelular tratadas com TA. Conclusão: Mediante análise histológica, o HA influenciou o desenvolvimento morfológico semelhante a condrócitos das MSCs, mas com baixa expressão de moléculas específicas de cartilagem. A TA promoveu a formação de uma matriz extracelular compacta e organizada.

2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(4): e10345, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430013

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic health condition. MicroRNAs (miRs) are critical in chondrocyte apoptosis in OA. We aimed to investigate the mechanism of miR-130b in OA progression. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and chondrocytes were first extracted. Chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs was carried out and verified. Chondrocytes were stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1β to imitate OA condition in vitro. The effect of miR-130b on the viability, inflammation, apoptosis, and extracellular matrix of OA chondrocytes was studied. The target gene of miR-130b was predicted and verified. Rescue experiments were performed to further study the underlying downstream mechanism of miR-130b in OA. miR-130b first increased and drastically reduced during chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs and in OA chondrocytes, respectively, while IL-1β stimulation resulted in increased miR-130b expression in chondrocytes. miR-130b inhibitor promoted chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs and chondrocyte growth and inhibited the levels of inflammatory factors. miR-130b targeted SOX9. Overexpression of SOX9 facilitated BMSC chondrogenic differentiation and chondrocyte growth, while siRNA-SOX9 contributed to the opposite trends. Silencing of SOX9 significantly attenuated the pro-chondrogenic effects of miR-130b inhibitor on BMSCs. Overall, miR-130b inhibitor induced chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs and chondrocyte growth by targeting SOX9.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847187

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Articular cartilage degeneration is the main cause of osteoarthritis. Bone morphogenetic proteins play an important role in cartilage regeneration and repair. OBJECTIVE: To review the research progress of bone morphogenetic protein in the process of articular cartilage regeneration. METHODS: A computer-based online search of PubMed and Elsevier databases was performed using the keywords “bone morphogenetic proteins, BMPs, arthritis, osteoarthritis, OA, cartilage, chondrocyte” in English. A total of 272 papers were retrieved, 96 of which were included in final analysis. Another 27 papers related to concepts were also included. Therefore, 123 papers are finally included. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Bone morphogenetic proteins participate in many biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and apoptosis, and play an important role in the formation of bone and cartilage. Bone morphogenetic proteins participate in a variety of signaling pathway cascades by binding to different receptors, which can protect articular cartilage from cartilage destruction caused by inflammation and trauma. Bone morphogenetic proteins alone or in combination with other cytokines can repair cartilage defects improve degenerative lesions, and promote the differentiation and regeneration of articular chondrocytes. However, there are still some practical problems that need to be solved for the widespread use of bone morphogenetic proteins in cartilage regeneration, such as the safety of drug transporters, the lack of effective biological scaffold materials, the optimal dosage and time point of use of biological agents, and their toxic and side effects. Future research will focus on how to solve the above problems. The widespread application of bone morphogenetic proteins will open a new era for targeted treatment of cartilage damage and cartilage degenerative diseases represented by osteoarthritis.

4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(4): e10345, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153539

ABSTRACT

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic health condition. MicroRNAs (miRs) are critical in chondrocyte apoptosis in OA. We aimed to investigate the mechanism of miR-130b in OA progression. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and chondrocytes were first extracted. Chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs was carried out and verified. Chondrocytes were stimulated with interleukin (IL)-1β to imitate OA condition in vitro. The effect of miR-130b on the viability, inflammation, apoptosis, and extracellular matrix of OA chondrocytes was studied. The target gene of miR-130b was predicted and verified. Rescue experiments were performed to further study the underlying downstream mechanism of miR-130b in OA. miR-130b first increased and drastically reduced during chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs and in OA chondrocytes, respectively, while IL-1β stimulation resulted in increased miR-130b expression in chondrocytes. miR-130b inhibitor promoted chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs and chondrocyte growth and inhibited the levels of inflammatory factors. miR-130b targeted SOX9. Overexpression of SOX9 facilitated BMSC chondrogenic differentiation and chondrocyte growth, while siRNA-SOX9 contributed to the opposite trends. Silencing of SOX9 significantly attenuated the pro-chondrogenic effects of miR-130b inhibitor on BMSCs. Overall, miR-130b inhibitor induced chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs and chondrocyte growth by targeting SOX9.


Subject(s)
MicroRNAs/genetics , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Down-Regulation , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847489

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The development of regenerative medicine and the appearance of tissue engineering technology provide a new solution for cartilage defect reconstruction. In tissue engineering, mesenchymal stem cells are widely used seed cells. However, as a heterogeneous cell group, stem cells play different roles in different subsets. Therefore, the application of key functional subsets of mesenchymal stem cells in cartilage repair has a broad application prospect. OBJECTIVE: To sort CD146 positive subpopulation cells from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells to verify their biological characteristics and potential as seed cells in cartilage tissue engineering. METHODS: Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells were provided by Zhejiang Jinshidai Biotechnology Co., Ltd. Surface markers of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells were identified by flow cytometry. CD146 positive subpopulation cells were sorted from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells using magnetic-activated cell sorting. Molecular characteristics of two kinds of cells were analyzed by gene chip detection technology and bioinformatics analysis technology. Two kinds of cells were induced to chondrocytes in vitro and histologically examined. Cell viability and apoptosis of two kinds of cells were detected before and after cryopreservation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells highly expressed stem cell-associated markers CD73 and CD90, but did not express hematopoietic stem cell-associated markers CD34, CD45, and HLA-DR. Bioinformatics analysis results showed that CD146 positive subpopulation had different functions in inflammatory pathways and musculoskeletal diseases compared with human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells. CD146 positive subpopulation could differentiate into cartilage, and its chondrogenic differentiation ability was better than that of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells. CD146 positive subpopulation had better apoptosis and activity than human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells after resuscitation. These results suggest that CD146 positive subpopulation has good chondrogenic differentiation potential and is a promising seed cell for cartilage tissue engineering.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 467-472, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792090

ABSTRACT

To investigate the differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs) into chon-drocytes by miRNA-206 and its mechanism in osteoarthritis(OA). Methods From January, 2017 to July, 2018, rat BMSCs were isolated, and their CD90 and CD45 were detected by flow cytometry. Transfection of miRNA-206 or miRNA-206 inhibitors into BMSCs using lentiviral vectors, dexamethasone induction for 14 d, then use alician blue staining and type II collagen immunostaining to detect chondrogenic differentiation. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells. Western blot analysis was used to detect the Aggrecan, Col II, Sox9 and Runx2 markers in chondroblast cells. The expression level of the marker gene of Sox9 mRNA in chondroblasts were detected by RT-PCR.OA rat models were treated with lentiviral vectors transfected with miRNA-206 or miRNA-206 inhibitors, and Aggrecan, Col II, Sox9, Runx2 which were the markers of chondrogenesis were detected by Western blot. Results The purity of isolated BMSCs was (80.7±3.9)%. BMSCs transfected with miRNA-206 could promote cell proliferation and increase chondrogenic differentiation. Western blot results showed that the expression of Aggre-can, Col II and Sox9 was increased in the miRNA-206 transfection group, and the expression of Runx2 was down-regulate. Meanwhile, RT-PCR results showed that miRNA-206 can up-regulate the expression of the chondroblast marker gene Sox9 mRNA in BMSCs.Compared with the OA group, miRNA-206 could increase the expression of Aggre-can, Col II and Sox9 signaling proteins in cartilage tissue (P<0.05), and down-regulate the expression level of Runx2 (P<0.05). Conclusion The miRNA-206 can positively regulate the differentiation of BMSCs into chondrocytes, increase the ability of cell proliferation, up-regulate the expression of Aggrecan, Col II and Sox9, and down-regulate Runx2.The miRNA-206 increase chondrogenic capacity in rat models of osteoarthritis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856538

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of daphnetin (DAP) combined with insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) gene transfection on chondrogenic differentiation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) in rats. Methods: Rat ADSCs were isolated and amplified by enzymatic digestion. The third generation ADSCs were treated with IGF-1 gene transfection as experimental group and normal ADSCs as control group. The cells of the two groups were treated with different concentrations of DAP (0, 30, 60, 90 μg/mL), respectively. Cell proliferation was detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) after cultured for 72 hours. After 14 days, real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of chondrocyte markers (collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan) in each group; and toluidine blue staining and collagen type Ⅱ immunohistochemical staining were performed. Results: CCK-8 assay showed that with the increase of DAP concentration, the cell absorbance ( A) value of the control group and the experimental group increased gradually ( P0.05). But the mRNA and protein expressions of collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan in the experimental group increased gradually, and the 60 and 90 μg/mL DAP concentration groups were significantly higher than 0 μg/mL DAP concentration group ( P<0.05). At the same DAP concentration, the relative mRNA and protein expressions of collagen type Ⅱ and Aggrecan were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group ( P<0.05). Toluidine blue staining showed that with the increase of DAP concentration, there was no significant difference in cell staining between the control group and the experimental group. At the same DAP concentration, the cells in the experimental group were slightly darker than those in the control group. Immunohistochemical staining of collagen type Ⅱ showed that with the increase of DAP concentration, there was no significant difference in the cytoplasmic brown-yellow coloring of the cells in the control group. The cytoplasmic brown-yellow coloring of the cells in the experimental group gradually deepened, with 60 and 90 μg/mL DAP concentration groups significantly deeper than 0 μg/mL DAP concentration group. At the same DAP concentration, the color of the cells in the experimental group was significantly deeper than that in the control group. Conclusion: DAP can promote the proliferation of ADSCs in rats. The differentiation of ADSCs into chondrocytes induced by DAP alone was slightly, but DAP combined with IGF-1 gene transfection has obvious synergistic effect to promote chondrogenic differentiation of ADSCs.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 258-263, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756324

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a dual-luciferase reporter gene vector and validate the targeting relation ship between miR-299 and the COL4A3 gene,laying a foundation for the study on the effect of miR-299 in the chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells by regulating the COL4A3 gene.Methods This study was made from March,2018 to December,2018.Firstly,the potential binding sites between miR-299 and COL4A3-3'UTR were pre dicted using bioinformatics.Then,the wild and mutant COL4A3-3'UTR sequences were amplified by PCR and cloned into psiCHECK-2 plasmid to construct corresponding recombinant vectors.The vectors were validated by enzyme digestion and gene sequencing.Finally,the cells were resuscitated,amplified,transfected and divided into 4 groups:COL4A3-WT+miR-299/NC group,COL4A3-WT+miR-299-inhibitor/NC-inhibitor group,COL4A3-MUT+miR-299/NC group and COL4A3-MUT+miR-299-inhibitor/NC-inhibitor group.Each group contains 3 holes,respectively.Luciferase activity in each group was determined using a dual-luciferase assay kit.The statistical analysis was conducted and differences between groups were compared by t test.Probabilities lower than 5%(P<0.05) were considered statistically significant.Results Enzyme digestion and DNA sequencing showed that the dual-luciferase reporter gene vector of psiCHECK-2-COL4A3 was constructed successfully.Luciferase assay demonstrated that in wild COL4A3 gene,luciferase activity reduced in the miR-299 transfection group (The average R/F value was 59.38%) compared with the NC group (The average R/F value was 100.00%),with a statistical significant difference (P<0.05).In wild COL4A3 gene treated with inhibitor,luciferase activity increased in the miR-299-inhibitor group (The average R/F value was 153.98%) compared with the NC-inhibitor group (The average R/F value was 100.00%),with a statistical significant difference (P<0.05).In mutant COL4A3 gene treated with inhibitor,no obvious statistical differences in luciferase activity were found between miR-299 transfection group (The average R/F value was 102.09%),miR-299-inhibitor group (The average R/F value was 108.51%) and NC group (The average R/F value was 104.70%),NC-inhibitor group (The average R/F value was 105.13%) and/9>0.05.Conclusion The dual-luciferase reporter gene vector of the 3'UTR of the COL4A3 gene is constructed successfully.In addition,dual-luciferase assay further verifies the authenticity of miR-299 directly targeting the 3'UTR of the COL4A3 gene.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742383

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Articular cartilage damage is still a troublesome problem. Hence, several researches have been performed for cartilage repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate the chondrogenicity of demineralized bone matrix (DBM) scaffolds under cyclic hydrostatic pressure (CHP) in vitro. METHODS: In this study, CHP was applied to human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) seeded on DBM scaffolds at a pressure of 5 MPa with a frequency of 0.5 Hz and 4 h per day for 1 week. Changes in chondrogenic and osteogenic gene expressions were analyzed by quantifying mRNA signal level of Sox9, collagen type I, collagen type II, aggrecan (ACAN), Osteocalcin, and Runx2. Histological analysis was carried out by hematoxylin and eosin, and Alcian blue staining. Moreover, DMMB and immunofluorescence staining were used for glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and collagen type II detection, respectively. RESULTS: Real-time PCR demonstrated that applying CHP to hBMSCs in DBM scaffolds increased mRNA levels by 1.3-fold, 1.2-fold, and 1.7-fold (p < 0.005) for Sox9, Col2, and ACAN, respectively by day 21, whereas it decreased mRNA levels by 0.7-fold and 0.8-fold (p < 0.05) for Runx2 and osteocalcin, respectively. Additionally, in the presence of TGF-β1 growth factor (10 ng/ml), CHP further increased mRNA levels for the mentioned genes (Sox9, Col2, and ACAN) by 1.4-fold, 1.3-fold and 2.5-fold (p < 0.005), respectively. Furthermore, in histological assessment, it was observed that the extracellular matrix contained GAG and type II collagen in scaffolds under CHP and CHP with TGF-β1, respectively. CONCLUSION: The osteo-inductive DBM scaffolds showed chondrogenic characteristics under hydrostatic pressure. Our study can be a fundamental study for the use of DBM in articular cartilage defects in vivo and lead to production of novel scaffolds with two different characteristics to regenerate both bone and cartilage simultaneously.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aggrecans , Alcian Blue , Bone Marrow , Bone Matrix , Cartilage , Cartilage, Articular , Collagen Type I , Collagen Type II , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Extracellular Matrix , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Gene Expression , Hematoxylin , Hydrostatic Pressure , In Vitro Techniques , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteocalcin , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691116

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of cyclic equiaxial tensile strain in the early differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs) into cartilage in mouse under conditions of two-dimensional culture, and to investigate the mechanism of cyclic equiaxial tensile strain in early chondrogenic differentiation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixteen KM mouse aged 4 weeks were selected, male and female unlimited, with an average weight of 19.5 g (17 to 21 g). After extracting and isolating the BMSCs from KM mouse, then subculture the BMSCs to the 3rd generation. Seed the cells in the biological plate(BioFlex). According to experimental design, the cells were divided into 6 groups, blank group: ordinary culture medium was cultured for 8 days without isometric cyclic tensile strain stimulation. Control group: chondrogenic differentiation medium was used to culture for 8 days without isometric cyclic tensile strain stimulation. Experimental group: the experimental group was divided into 4 groups, all of which were cultured with chondrogenic differentiation medium for 8 days. During which isometric cyclic tensile strain stimulation was given for 1, 3, 5 and 7 days respectively. At the 8th day, all the cells were collected, the expression of the Sox9, Col-II and ROCK 1 signaling pathway-related molecules was analyzed by RT-PCR. Cells in each group were extracted, and the efficiency of cell proliferation in each group was detected by CCK-8. Glycosaminoglycan content in medium changed last was detected using ELISA. Pericellular matrix was observed by Safranin O staining and Alcian Blue staining. Normal measurement data using mean±standard deviation compared between the blank group and control group using paired t-test, compared between the experimental group and relative group using single factor analysis of variance.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1)After 8 days of culture, compared with the control group, the relative expression of Sox 9 and Col-II mRNA in the experimental group increased gradually with the increase of loading time(<0.05), while the relative expression of ROCK1 mRNA decreased(<0.05). Compared with the blank group, the relative expression of ROCK1 mRNA in experimental group and control group increased (<0.05). (2)With the increase of loading time, the experimental group showed a trend of decreasing at first and then increasing, but compared with the blank group and the control group, the control group decreased significantly. (3)Glycosaminoglycan content in the medium changed last was detected by ELISA. The glycosaminoglycans in the experimental group increased gradually, and the content changes on 7 days loading group were statistically significant compared with other groups(<0.05). (4)Safranin O and Alcilan staining showed that there was a tendency of cartilage differentiation in the experimental group, and the shape gradually increased with time, which was more obvious than that in the control group; The PCM, Col-II and GAG in the experimental group increased gradually with the increase of mechanical stimulation days, which were more obvious than those in the control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Under conditions of two-dimensional culture, in the early differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into cartilage, cyclic equiaxial tensile strain can promote the proliferation of BMSCs and the differentiation into chondrocytes. Moreover, cyclic equiaxial tensile strain may promote chondrogenic differentiation through inhibiting the Rho/ROCK 1 signaling pathway.</p>

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 964-972, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687720

ABSTRACT

Recombinant human interferon beta (rhIFN-β) is a glycoprotein produced by genetically engineered cells and has anti-virus, anti-tumor and immunoregulation functions. Although studies have shown that other subtypes of IFN such as IFN-γ affects cell proliferation and differentiation to some extent, the effect of rhIFN-β on chondrogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) is less known. In this study we studied the effect of rhIFN-β on the chondrogenic differentiation of hMSCs by inducing hMSCs into cartilage pellet via adding IFN-β1a into regular TGF-β3 chondrogenic differentiation medium. We collected the induced pellets and then detected GAG content, assessed pellets size, observed agreecan using alcian blue staining, and analyzed the expression of Sox and CollangenⅡusing real-time PCR and Western blotting. Addition of 100 ng/mL IFN-β1a to regular TGF-β3 chondrogenic differentiation medium could improve the concentration of GAG, increase the size of pellets, promote the formation of aggrecan and up-regulate the expression of CollangenII and Sox9. IFN-β1a combined with TGF-β3 could promote chondrogenic differentiation of hMSCs.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-649881

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) represent a heterogeneous group of multipotent stem cells that could be found in various somatic tissues. MSCs are defined by molecular and functional features including spindle-shape morphology, adherence to plastic surfaces, expression of specific surface markers and differentiation potential to chondrocytes, adipocytes and osteocytes. The surface markers were proposed to affect the differentiation potential of MSCs by a limited number of studies. Endoglin (CD105) is defined to be a significant marker for osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation ability of MSCs. Low CD105 expression is associated with increased osteogenic potential while high CD105 expression is correlated with strong chondrogenic potential. Myrtucommulone-A (MC-A) is an active compound with various biological effects on different cell types but its effect on MSC differentiation has not been described yet. In the present study we aimed at investigating the longterm effects of MC-A on hMSCs. MC-A-treatment reduced CD105 expression in distinct human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) lines and gave rise to CD105(low) population but did not change CD44, CD90 or CD73 expression. The decrease in CD105 expression reduced the chondrogenic potential of hMSCs subsequently while adipogenic or osteogenic differentiation was not affected dramatically. MC-A-treatment also suppressed the NF-κB p65 activation which might be responsible for the reduced chondrogenic potential. Our findings suggest thatMC-Acould be used to enrichCD105(low)hMSCs without the need for cell sorting or changing culture conditions which could be utilised in targeted differentiation studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipocytes , Chondrocytes , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Multipotent Stem Cells , Osteocytes , Plastics
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(2): e5988, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839254

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to clarify the role and mechanism of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase isoform 2 (PDK2) in chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). MSCs were isolated from femurs and tibias of Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 300-400 g (5 females and 5 males). Overexpression and knockdown of PDK2 were transfected into MSCs and then cell viability, adhesion and migration were assessed. Additionally, the roles of aberrant PDK2 in chondrogenesis markers SRY-related high mobility group-box 6 (Sox6), type ΙΙ procollagen gene (COL2A1), cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), aggrecan (AGC1), type ΙX procollagen gene (COL9A2) and collagen type 1 alpha 1 (COL1A1) were measured by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The expressions of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and extracellular regulated protein kinase (ERK) were measured. Overexpressing PDK2 promoted cell viability, adhesion and inhibited cell migration in MSCs (all P<0.05). qRT-PCR assay showed a potent increase in the mRNA expressions of all chondrogenesis markers in response to overexpressing PDK2 (P<0.01 or P<0.05). PDK2 overexpression also induced a significant accumulation in mRNA and protein expressions of JNK, p38MAPK and ERK in MSCs compared to the control (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Meanwhile, silencing PDK2 exerted the opposite effects on MSCs. This study shows a preliminary positive role and potential mechanisms of PDK2 in chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs. It lays the theoretical groundwork for uncovering the functions of PDK2 and provides a promising basis for repairing cartilage lesions in osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Chondrogenesis/physiology , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/physiology , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/physiology , SOXE Transcription Factors/physiology , Cell Differentiation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transcriptional Activation , Up-Regulation
14.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 137-141, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487767

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the the multi-directional differentiation potential between pluripotent of human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) and human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLCs). Methods HPDLCs and HGFs were obtained from the primary culture. HPDLCs and HGFs at 3rd-4th passage were cultured in osteogenic, adipogenic or chondrogenic me-dium. Cells without differentiation were taken as control. Alizarin red, Alcian blue and oil red O staining were performed to detect osteogenic differentiation, chondrogenic and adipogenic differentiation in vitro, respectively. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was applied to examine the expression of osteocalcin (OCN), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and collagen 1 (Col 1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 2 (PPARγ2) and collagen 10 (Col 10). Results HPDLCs and HGFs cultured in osteogenic medium showed massive calicium nodulus at day 28, but HP-DLCs formed more calicium nodulus than those of HGFs. The expressions of OCN, RUNX2 and Col 1 were significantly high-er in HPDLCs than those in HGFs (P<0.05). In chondrogenic medium both cells were found blue deposit at day 14, and the expression of Col 10 was significantly higher in HGFs than that of HPDLCs (P<0.01). Furthermore, in adipogenic medium HGFs showed more lipid-filled droplets stained with oil red O than HPDLCs at day 21. The expression of PPARγ2 was sig-nificantly higher in HGFs than that of HPDLCs (P<0.01). Conclusion HPDLCs has the better potency of osteogenic differ-etiation than HGFs, however, HGFs has the better potency of adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29877

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: One of the most cellular source used for cartilage tissue engineering are mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). In present study, human MSCs were used as cellular source. Since scaffold plays an important role in tissue engineering the aim of this study is to assess fibrin scaffold ability in chondrogenic differentiation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs). METHODS: ADMSCs were isolated and cultured in DMEM medium supplemented with 10% FBS. Also ADMSCs expanded and characterised by flow cytometry. ADMSCs expressed CD44, CD90, CD105 but not CD34. After trypsinization, cells were entered within the fibrin scaffold. Then, chondrogenic medium was added to the scaffold. Seven days after cell culture, cell viability and proliferation were assessed by MTT test. Finally, 14 days after the ending of chondrogenic differentiation, analysis of chondrogenic genes expression was evaluated by RT-PCR and Real time PCR. Also, formation and development of chondrocyte cells was analysed by histological and immunohistochemistry evaluations. RESULTS: Viability and proliferation as well as chondrogenic genes expression within fibrin scaffold increased significantly compared with control group (cells free scaffold). Also, histological and immunohistochemistry evaluation showed that chondrocyte cells and collagen type II are formed on fibrin scaffold. CONCLUSIONS: Fibrin is a suitable scaffold for chondrogenic differentiation of ADMSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cartilage , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Survival , Chondrocytes , Collagen Type II , Fibrin , Flow Cytometry , Immunohistochemistry , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tissue Engineering , Transforming Growth Factor beta3 , Trypsin
16.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 713-716, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461831

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the pluripotency of human gingival fibroblasts (hGFs), and provide a novel cell source for tissue engineering. Methods With informed consent from volunteers, fresh and healthy gingiva were collected. The hGFs were obtained from the gingiva by tissue culture. The third passage of hGFs was cultured in osteogenic medium, chondrogenic medium and adipogenic medium. Cells without differentiation were taken as control. Cells were examined by al?kaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, Alizarin red staining, Alcian blue staining and oil red O staining for detecting of the abili?ty of differentiation pluripotency. Real-time polymerase chain reaction was applied to examine the expression of osteogenic marker genes ALP, runt-related transcript factor 2 (Runx2), chondrogenic marker aggrecan (AGR) and adipogenic marker peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma 2 (PPARγ2). Results The hGFs cultured in osteogenic medium showed massive violet deposit at day 7 and calcium nodulus at day 28, meanwhile, the expressions of ALP and Runx2 were higher than those of control (P<0.01). In chondrogenic group cells were found blue deposit at day 14. In adipogenic group lipid-filled droplets stained with oil red O were found in cells at day 14. However, hGFs in control group had no any positive stain?ing. Furthermore, expressions of AGR and PPARγ2 were significantly higher than those of control (P<0.01). Conclusion Human gingival fibroblasts have the pluripotency of osteogenic, adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation.

17.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1009-1011,1016, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671089

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of ERK signal pathway in the endochondral ossification of bone mesenchymal stem cells ,and to explore the mechanism of ERK signal pathway in persistent enhanced FGFR2 function on development of mice BMSCs by a knock‐in mouse model with the FGFR2S252W/+ .Methods Mice with neo‐FGFR2 gain‐of‐function mutation were mated with EII‐Cre mice .The genotype of generation mice were identified by PCR and divided into wild type group and mutant type group ac‐cording to their genotype .6 week‐old mice were sacrificed to receive bone mesenchymal stem cells .The western blot was used to compare the level of P‐ERK and ERK and the RT‐PCR was applied to detect the genes of Col2 ,Col10 ,OC ,OP in chondrogenic dif‐ferentiation medium of BMSCs .Then ,treatment of cultured BMSCs with PD98059 ,compare the changes of genes and utilize the in vitro culture of long bones detect the role of ERK signal pathway in the endochondral ossification by FGFR2 mutant .Results We successfully derive BMSCs from FGFR2S252W/+ mutant mice and found the activity of ERK signal pathway of FGFR2S252W/+ was en‐hanced .After been cultured in chondrogenic differentiation medium ,the expressions of the BMSCs mRNA of Col2 ,Col10 from mu‐tant group were decreased ,while the expressions of OC ,OP were increased .Those OC ,OP genes levels showed an increased treated by PD98059 .Using in vitro culture of long bones ,we found the retardation of total length growth of long bones has been rescued by PD98059 treatment ,suggesting that ERK signal pathways was responsible for the retarded long bone development in FGFRS252W/+mice .Conclusion The results indicate these effects are mediated by the ERK signal pathway .Furthermore ,the retardation of long bones has been recued by PD98059 treatment ,suggesting that ERK signal pathway is responsible for the retarded long bone devel‐opment in FGFR2S252W/+ mice .

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-63293

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cellular therapies using Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) represent a promising approach for the treatment of degenerative diseases, in particular for mesengenic tissue regeneration. However, before the approval of clinical trials in humans, in vitro studies must be performed aimed at investigating MSCs' biology and the mechanisms regulating their proliferation and differentiation abilities. Besides studies on human MSCs (hMSCs), MSCs derived from rodents have been the most used cellular type for in vitro studies. Nevertheless, the transfer of the results obtained using animal MSCs to hMSCs has been hindered by the limited knowledge regarding the similarities existing between cells of different origins. Aim of this paper is to highlight similarities and differences and to clarify the sometimes reported different results obtained using these cells. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compare the differentiation ability into mesengenic lineages of rat and human MSCs cultured in their standard conditions. Our results describe in which way the source from which MSCs are derived affects their differentiation potential, depending on the mesengenic lineage considered. For osteogenic and chondrogenic lineages, the main difference between human and rat MSCs is represented by differentiation time, while for adipogenesis hMSCs have a greater differentiation potential. CONCLUSIONS: These results on the one hand suggest to carefully evaluate the transfer of results obtained with animal MSCs, on the other hand they offer a clue to better apply MSCs into clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Adipogenesis , Biology , Bone Marrow , Hand , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Regeneration , Rodentia
19.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 573-577, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469304

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct MIA3 psicheck2 wild-type and mutant vectors targeting miR-374b,and provide the previous guarantee for the dual luciferase reporter assay.Methods The amplification primer was firstly designed according to mice MIA3-3'UTR sequence information,mice whole blood genomic DNA was taken as the template for PCR amplification of MIA3-3'UTR sequence,and the PCR product was cloned into psicheck2 dual luciferase reporter vector.Then,mutant primer was designed to mutate the MiR-374b seed sequence target TATTATA into AAATTAT so as to construct mutant vector.At last,the vector enzyme digestion evaluation and sequencing method was used to evaluate the constructed vectors.Results It could be seen from the analysis of agarose electrophoresis that the PCR amplification size of vector was consistent with the theoretical size.DNA sequencing evaluation showed that the MIA3-3'UTR-WT vector had been constructed successfully.The construction of mutant vector has successfully mutated the MiR-374b seed sequence target TATTATA into AAATTAT.Conclusion The successful construction of the vector will lay a foundation for the further evaluation on whether there is an actual binding site between the miR-374b and the chondrogenic differentiation-related target gene MIA3.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435642

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Adipose-derived stem cel s and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s are used widely in cartilage tissue engineering, and there are many similarities in biological characteristics between two kinds of cel s. OBJECTIVE:To compare the chondrogenic potential of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s and adipose-derived stem cel s in vitro. METHODS:Adipose-derived stem cel s were isolated from the 3-month-old New Zealand white rabbits’ abdomen. Bilateral femurs of rabbits were obtained, and then the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s were separated with the adherence screening method. The growth curve of the passage 3 adipose-derived stem cel s and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s were drawn, and the doubling time of two kinds of cel s was compared. Then the passage 3 adipose-derived stem cel s and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s were treated with chondrogenic induction. After induced for 14 days, the adipose-derived stem cel s and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s were treated with toluidine blue staining and type Ⅱ immunohistochemistry staining respectively. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Primary bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s showed aggregative growth, while the primary adipose-derived stem cel s were in single and scattered growth. The proliferation speed of adipose-derived stem cel s was faster than that of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s, while the doubling time of adipose-derived stem cel s was shorter than that of the bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s. After chondrogenic induction for 14 days, both adipose-derived stem cel s and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s could express glycosaminoglycans and type Ⅱcol agen, and the expression level of type Ⅱ col agen in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s after chondrogenic induction was higher than that in the adipose-derived stem cel s. The in vitro proliferation of adipose-derived stem cel s and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s was rapid and stable, but the proliferative ability of adipose-derived stem cel s was faster than that of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s. When cultured in single layer, both adipose-derived stem cel s and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s could transform into chondrocytes under certain conditions, but bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s seemed to be more potential than adipose-derived stem cel s.

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