Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 756
Filter
1.
Radiol. bras ; 55(3): 161-166, May-june 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387085

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Mensurar os tempos de trânsito de contraste (TTCs) entre o sítio de injeção em veia antecubital e a veia cava superior, tronco arterial pulmonar e aorta ascendente em exames de tomografia computadorizada de artérias coronárias de pacientes sem história de doenças cardiovasculares ou pulmonares, definindo padrões de normalidade para esses tempos de circulação. Materiais e Métodos: Os TTCs entre o sítio de injeção e a veia cava superior, tronco arterial pulmonar e aorta ascendente foram medidos com base nas imagens de monitoração (bolus tracking). O débito cardíaco foi calculado com base nas imagens de angiotomografia computadorizada pelo método geométrico e correlacionado com os TTCs. Resultados: Foram analisados 43 pacientes. O TTC médio entre o tronco arterial pulmonar e a aorta ascendente foi de 7,2 s, entre a veia cava superior e o tronco arterial pulmonar foi de 3 s e entre a veia antecubital e a aorta ascendente foi de 13 s. Houve tendência a correlação entre o TTC e o débito cardíaco, com valor de p de 0,055. Conclusão: Os valores de normalidade do TTC entre a veia cava superior, tronco arterial pulmonar e aorta ascendente foram estabelecidos, servindo de base para avaliação clínica.


Abstract Objective: To measure the transit times (TTs) of contrast agents among the injection site (antecubital vein), superior vena cava, pulmonary trunk, and ascending aorta, in coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) examinations of outpatients with no history of cardiovascular or lung disease, thus defining reference values for those TTs. Materials and Methods: The contrast TTs from the injection site (antecubital vein) to the superior vena cava, from the superior vena cava to the pulmonary trunk, and from the pulmonary trunk to the ascending aorta were measured by monitoring contrast enhancement in real time (bolus tracking). Cardiac output was measured by the geometric method during the CTA examination and was correlated with the contrast TT. Results: Forty-three individuals were analyzed. The mean contrast TT was 13.1 s overall (from the antecubital vein to the ascending aorta), 3.0 s from the superior vena cava to the pulmonary trunk, and 7.2 s from the pulmonary trunk to the ascending aorta. There was a tendency toward a correlation between contrast TT and cardiac output (p = 0.055). Conclusion: The reference values established here for contrast TTs among the superior vena cava, pulmonary trunk, and ascending aorta will serve as a basis for clinical evaluation.

2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(4): 756-765, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374346

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Demonstrou-se recentemente que a aplicação de ultrassom de alta energia com microbolhas, técnica conhecida como sonotrombólise, causa a dissolução de trombos intravasculares e aumenta a taxa de recanalização angiográfica no infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do segmento ST (IAM-CSST). Objetivo Avaliar o efeito da sonotrombólise nos índices de motilidade e perfusão miocárdicas em pacientes com IAM-CSST, utilizando a ecocardiografia com perfusão miocárdica em tempo real (EPMTR). Método Uma centena de pacientes com IAM-CSST foram randomizados em dois grupos: Terapia (50 pacientes tratados com sonotrombólise e angioplastia coronária primária) e Controle (50 pacientes tratados com angioplastia coronária primária). Os pacientes realizaram EPMTR para analisar a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE), o índice de escore de motilidade segmentar (IEMS) e o número de segmentos com defeito de perfusão miocárdica, 72 horas após o IAM-CSST e com 6 meses de acompanhamento. Foi considerado significativo p < 0,05. Resultados Pacientes tratados com sonotrombólise apresentaram FEVE mais alta que o grupo Controle em 72 horas (50 ± 10% vs. 44 ± 10%; p = 0,006), e essa melhora foi mantida em seis meses (53 ± 10% vs. 48 ± 12%; p = 0,008). O IEMS foi similar nos grupos Terapia e Controle em 72 horas (1,62 ± 0,39 vs. 1,75 ± 0,40; p = 0,09), mas tornou-se menor no grupo Terapia em 6 meses (1,46 ± 0,36 vs. 1,64 ± 0,44; p = 0,02). O número de segmentos com defeito de perfusão não foi diferente entre os grupos em 72 horas (5,92 ± 3,47 vs. 6,94 ± 3,39; p = 0,15), mas ficou menor no grupo Terapia em 6 meses (4,64 ± 3,31 vs. 6,57 ± 4,29; p = 0,01). Conclusão A sonotrombólise em pacientes com IAM-CSST resulta na melhora dos índices de motilidade e perfusão ventricular ao longo do tempo.


Abstract Background It has recently been demonstrated that the application of high-energy ultrasound and microbubbles, in a technique known as sonothrombolysis, dissolves intravascular thrombi and increases the angiographic recanalization rate in patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Objective To evaluate the effects of sonothrombolysis on left ventricular wall motion and myocardial perfusion in patients with STEMI, using real-time myocardial perfusion echocardiography (RTMPE). Methods One hundred patients with STEMI were randomized into the following 2 groups: therapy (50 patients treated with sonothrombolysis and primary coronary angioplasty) and control (50 patients treated with primary coronary angioplasty). The patients underwent RTMPE for analysis of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), wall motion score index (WMSI), and number of segments with myocardial perfusion defects 72 hours after STEMI and at 6 months of follow-up. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Patients treated with sonothrombolysis had higher LVEF than the control group at 72 hours (50% ± 10% versus 44% ± 10%; p = 0.006), and this difference was maintained at 6 months of follow-up (53% ± 10% versus 48% ± 12%; p = 0.008). The WMSI was similar in the therapy and control groups at 72 hours (1.62 ± 0.39 versus 1.75 ± 0.40; p = 0.09), but it was lower in the therapy group at 6 months (1.46 ± 0.36 versus 1.64 ± 0.44; p = 0.02). The number of segments with perfusion defects on RTMPE was similar in therapy and control group at 72 hours (5.92 ± 3.47 versus 6.94 ± 3.39; p = 0.15), but it was lower in the therapy group at 6 months (4.64 ± 3.31 versus 6.57 ± 4.29; p = 0.01). Conclusion Sonothrombolysis in patients with STEMI resulted in improved wall motion and ventricular perfusion scores over time.

3.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56(spe): e20210435, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1387310

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the incidence, risk factors, and associations of clinical outcomes for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after coronary angioplasty. Method: Prospective cohort of 182 patients followed for three months after undergoing angioplasty, from July 2020 to June 2021. The analyzed variables were sociodemographic, clinical, and those related to the procedure. Results: The incidence of CI-AKI was 35.7% (n = 65) and was associated with old age, diabetes mellitus, and chronic kidney disease (p = 0.004, p < 0.001, and p = 0.009, respectively). Out of the 17 patients who died within 90 days, 76.5% had CI-AKI (n = 13), the odds ratio between death and CI-AKI was approximately 7.2 times (95% confidence interval (CI), [2.41;26.36]; p = 0.001). The decrease of one unit in the patient's baseline hemoglobin showed a 6.5% increase for CI-AKI (95% CI, [−0.089; −0.040]; p < 0.0001). Conclusion: CI-AKI is prevalent in patients with ACS after angioplasty and is related to diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease, showing high mortality rates.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Analizar la incidencia, los factores de riesgo y las asociaciones de resultados clínicos para Lesión Renal Aguda Inducida por Contraste (LRA-IC) en pacientes con Síndrome Coronario Agudo (SCA) después de angioplastia coronaria. Método: Cohorte prospectiva de 182 pacientes monitorizados durante tres meses tras realizada la angioplastia, en el periodo entre julio de 2020 y junio de 2021. Se evaluaron las variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y relacionadas con el procedimiento. Resultados: La incidencia de LRA-IC fue del 35,7% (n = 65) y se asoció con la edad avanzada, la diabetes mellitus y la enfermedad renal crónica (p = 0,004, p < 0,001 y p = 0,009, respectivamente). De los 17 pacientes que fallecieron dentro de los 90 días, el 76,5% tenía LRA-IC (n = 13), la razón de probabilidad entre muerte y LRA-IC fue aproximadamente 7,2 veces (intervalo de confianza, IC del 95%, [2,41;26,36]; p = 0,001). La disminución de una unidad en la hemoglobina basal del paciente demostró un aumento del 6,5% para LRA-IC (IC del 95%, [-0,089; -0,040]; p < 0,0001). Conclusión: En los pacientes con SCA después de angioplastia, la LRA-IC tiene una alta incidencia y está relacionada con la diabetes mellitus y la enfermedad renal crónica, presentando altas tasas de mortalidad.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a incidência, os fatores de risco e as associações dos desfechos clínicos para Lesão Renal Aguda Induzida Por Contraste (LRA-IC) em pacientes com Síndrome Coronariana Aguda (SCA) após angioplastia coronariana. Método: Coorte prospectivo de 182 pacientes seguidos por três meses após angioplastia, entre julho de 2020 e junho de 2021. As variáveis foram sociodemográficas, clínicas e relacionadas ao procedimento. Resultados: A incidência de LRA-IC foi de 35,7% (n = 65) e esteve associada à idade avançada, diabetes mellitus e doença renal crônica (respectivamente p = 0,004, p < 0,001 e p = 0,009). Dos 17 pacientes que faleceram em até 90 dias, 76,5% tiveram LRA-IC (n = 13), a razão de chances entre óbito e LRA-IC foi de aproximadamente 7,2 vezes (intervalo de confiança (IC) 95%, [2,41;26,36]; p = 0.001). A diminuição de uma unidade na hemoglobina basal do paciente demonstrou um aumento de 6,5% para LRA-IC (IC 95%, [-0,089; -0,040]; p < 0,0001). Conclusão: Em pacientes com SCA após angioplastia, a LRA-IC tem alta incidência e está relacionada com diabetes mellitus e doença renal crônica, apresentando altos índices de mortalidade.


Subject(s)
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Kidney Diseases , Contrast Media , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Acute Kidney Injury
4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2129-2132, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To mine the risk sig nals o f iodine contrast media from spontaneous reporting system. METHODS Reporting odds ratio ,proportional reporting ratio ,Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency and Bayesian confidence propagation neural network were used to mine risk signals of 5 iodine contrast media (iopamidol,iohexol,iopromide,ioversol, iodixanol). RESULTS 1 164(2 446 case times )adverse drug reaction of iodine contrast media were included ,a total of 14 risk signals involving systems/organs such as respiratory system (3,2,4,3,2 for the above 5 iodine contrast media )and immune system and 32 specific adverse drug reaction signals including anaphylactic shock ,rash and flushing (11,7,7,3,4 for the above 5 iodine contrast media )were found in 5 iodine contrast media. CONCLUSIONS The risk signals of 5 iodine contrast media verify that there is a certain correlation between these drugs and above adverse drug reactions. It is suggested that before using iodine contrast media in clinic ,it is necessary to pay attention to whether the patient has a history of tumor and combined medication ,evaluate the patient’s renal function ,and give preventive measures such as hydration in advance. When using iodine contrast media ,it is necessary to pay attention to the temperature ,dose and injection rate. And medical staff need to follow up the patient ’s situation in time after using iodine contrast media to avoiding the impact of delayed adverse reactions.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 482-491, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932857

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the method of intravascular angiography in vivo, analyze the clinical significance, and supply the basis of diagnosis and treatment of related orthopaedic diseases.Methods:The development was realized by improving the developer to increase the local concentration. Based on the study of Lijianmin-Chengkun Complexes and using the theory of magnetic microspheres, Fe 3O 4 magnetic microspheres with amino (negatively charged) shell are used to adsorb the aggregated ionic developer meglumine diatrizoate (positively charged diatrizoate). That is, by improving the method of developer, the magnetic microspheres can carry the developer to make new nanoparticles magnetic imaging composite particles. Under the action of external magnetic field, the magnetic imaging composite particles brought by blood circulation continue to stay and gather in the blood vessels in the magnetic field area, and the developer carried by the magnetic microspheres in the blood vessels in the magnetic field area is concentrated to reach the imaging concentration, so as to realize in vivo intravascular vascular imaging. By adjusting the ratio of the two reagents, the charge can be neutralized and condensed into small groups to improve the development efficiency. Thus, the electron microscope experiment, CT in vivo experiment, rabbit imaging experiment, experimental rabbit tissue picture confirmation, CT in vivo human body (the author is a volunteer) imaging experiment were carried out step by step. Results:Electron microscope experiment: meglumine diatrizoate, scanning electron microscope, the particle diameter is about 20 nm. Scanning electron microscope showed that the diameter of the magnetic microspheres was about 100 nm and the distribution was uniform. After the two reagents are mixed in a certain proportion, the neutralizing charge condenses into small groups, but it still has magnetohydrodynamic properties and strong paramagnetism. In vivo rabbit imaging experiment: the ideal intraosseous vascular imaging of the proximal tibia was captured. The tissue pictures of experimental rabbits confirmed that the distribution of Fe 3O 4 was obviously visible in the blood vessels in the proximal tibia on the side with magnetic field, but not on the side without magnetic field. In vivo human imaging experiment: the ideal intraosseous vascular imaging of the proximal fibula was captured. Conclusion:Through the preparation of new reagent of magnetic imaging composite particles (magnetic microspheres + meglumine diatrizoate), the concentration of in vivo bone developer can be achieved under the action of external magnetic field, and the in vivo external diameter ≥ 0.5mm can be achieved under CT thin-layer scanning.

6.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19246, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374538

ABSTRACT

Abstract We aimed to determine the effects of boric acid and quercetin on contrast media-induced nephropathy in rats. Thirty-two rats were divided into four equal groups with eight rats in each group: the control (C) group, contrast media (CM) group, contrast media plus boric acid (CMB) group, and contrast media plus quercetin (CMQ) group. Boric acid (H3(BO)3, 4% solution) at a dose of 200 mg/kg was administered by oral gavage to rats in the group CMB once daily for 4 consecutive days (days 1 to 4). Quercetin at a dose of 50 mg/kg was administered by oral gavage to rats in the CMQ group once daily for 4 consecutive days (days 1 to 4). A significant decrease was found in the serum urea and creatinine levels in the CMQ group compared with the CM group (P <0.01). The serum nitrite and nitrate levels were higher in the CM group than in the C group and were lower in the CMQ group than in the CM group (P <0.01). A significant decrease in the severity of tubular necrosis was found in the CMQ group compared to the CM group (P <0.05). Quercetin had protective effects against contrast nephropathy, but no beneficial effect of boric acid was found.

7.
Radiol. bras ; 54(5): 321-328, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340580

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although contrast-enhanced ultrasound has been shown to provide considerable benefits, particularly in pediatric patients, it is still used relatively rarely in Brazil. It has proven to be a safe technique, and adverse effects are rare. In this review, we address the technique and main applications of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the pediatric population, including the evaluation of focal liver lesions, abdominal trauma, kidney grafts, liver grafts, bowel loops, and vesicoureteral reflux. It is important for pediatric radiologists to be acquainted with this promising tool, understanding its applications and limitations.


Resumo A ultrassonografia com contraste de microbolhas é um método ainda pouco utilizado no Brasil, mas que tem grandes vantagens, ainda mais na faixa pediátrica, como ausência de radiação e dispensa de sedação/anestesia. O contraste de microbolhas tem se mostrado bastante seguro e com raríssimas reações adversas graves. Apresentaremos nesta revisão a técnica para o uso desse contraste na ultrassonografia, bem como as principais aplicações na faixa pediátrica, como avaliação das lesões hepáticas focais, do trauma abdominal, do enxerto hepático e renal nos transplantes, das alças intestinais e da pesquisa de refluxo vesicoureteral. É importante que radiologistas que exerçam funções em centros pediátricos conheçam essa ferramenta promissora.

8.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(3): 346-352, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347293

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a incidência de embolia pulmonar, seu relacionamento com os níveis de dímero D e outros possíveis fatores associados, além dos efeitos adversos da anticoagulação e meios de contraste. Métodos: Conduziu-se um estudo de coorte retrospectiva em um hospital público chileno. Foram incluídos os pacientes com idade acima de 18 anos com COVID-19, mecanicamente ventilados na unidade de terapia intensiva, admitidos entre março e junho de 2020. Todos os pacientes receberam tromboprofilaxia com heparina, que foi aumentada até uma dose de anticoagulação com níveis de dímero D acima de 3µg/mL. Resultados: Foram acompanhados 127 pacientes, dos quais 73 foram submetidos à angiografia por tomografia computadorizada (média de idade de 54 ± 12 anos; 49 homens). Sessenta e dois dos 73 pacientes (84,9%) receberam anticoagulação total antes da angiografia por tomografia computadorizada. Além disso, 18 dos 73 pacientes tiveram embolia pulmonar (24,7%). Na comparação entre pacientes com e sem embolia pulmonar, não se observaram diferenças significantes em termos de idade, sexo, obesidade, tabagismo, escores de Wells e Genebra revisado, dímero D ou mortalidade. O uso de anticoagulantes foi similar em ambos os grupos. O número de dias desde o início da anticoagulação até a angiografia por tomografia computadorizada foi significantemente menor no grupo com embolia pulmonar (p = 0,002). Três pacientes tiveram lesão renal aguda após o contraste (4,1%), e um paciente teve sangramento importante. Conclusão: Apesar da anticoagulação, um em cada quatro pacientes com COVID-19 submetidos à ventilação mecânica e avaliados com angiografia por tomografia computadorizada apresentou embolia pulmonar. Com uma maior demora para realização da angiografia por tomografia computadorizada após início de anticoagulação empírica, identificou-se um número significantemente menor de embolias


Abstract Objective: To assess pulmonary embolism incidence, its relationship with D-dimer levels and other possible associated factors in addition to anticoagulation and contrast medium adverse effects. Methods: A retrospective observational cohort study at a Chilean public hospital was performed. Intensive care unit mechanically ventilated COVID-19 patients older than 18 years old between March and June 2020 were included. All patients received heparin thromboprophylaxis, which was increased to the anticoagulation dose with D-dimer greater than 3µg/mL. Results: A total of 127 patients were followed up, of whom 73 underwent pulmonary computed tomography angiography (mean age, 54 ± 12 years; 49 men). Sixty-two of the 73 patients (84.9%) received full anticoagulation before computed tomography angiography. In addition, 18 of the 73 patients had pulmonary embolism (24.7%). When comparing patients with and without pulmonary embolism, no significant differences were observed in age, sex, obesity, smoking, Wells and revised Geneva scores, D-dimer or mortality. Anticoagulant use was similar in both groups. Days from the start of anticoagulation until computed tomography angiography were significantly lower in the pulmonary embolism group (p = 0.002). Three patients presented post contrast-acute kidney injury (4.1%), and one patient had major bleeding. Conclusion: Despite anticoagulation, one in four COVID-19 patients connected to mechanical ventilation and evaluated with pulmonary computed tomography angiography had pulmonary embolism. With a longer the delay in performing computed tomography angiography once empirical anticoagulation was started, significantly less pulmonary embolism was identified.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/epidemiology , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Venous Thromboembolism/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Computed Tomography Angiography , SARS-CoV-2 , Intensive Care Units , Anticoagulants/adverse effects
9.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-11, sept. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292472

ABSTRACT

El intervencionismo coronario se asocia a la aparición de nefropatía inducida por contraste. El propósito del estudio fue evaluar el riesgo de desarrollar nefropatía inducida por contraste (NIC) en pacientes con obstrucción coronaria significativa y su relación con factores de riesgo conocidos para esta nefropatía. Se diseñó un estudio de cohorte prospectiva con 160 pacientes atendidos en el cardiocentro del hospital "Hermanos Ameijeiras", Cuba, a los cuales se les realizó una coronariografía invasiva, entre enero 2016 y julio 2017. La edad promedio fue de 61,6 ± 9,2 años; el 70,6% eran hombres. Predominaron los antecedentes patológicos personales de cardiopatía isquémica (85,6%), y de hipertensión arterial (75,6%). El 75% de los casos presentó una oclusión coronaria significativa. La frecuencia de nefropatía por contraste fue de 42,5%. Los factores que guardaron importante relación estadística con la presencia de oclusión arterial significativa fueron la cardiopatía isquémica conocida (p<0,001), el intervencionismo coronario percutáneo previo (p=0,007), la creatinina después (p=0,043) y la NIC (p=0,016) así como el volumen de contraste administrado (p=0,006). En el subgrupo de pacientes con oclusión significativa el hematocrito bajo (p=0,025) y el intervencionismo coronario percutáneo de urgencia (p=0,007) fueron los factores más influyentes. Se concluye que los pacientes con oclusión coronaria significativa tienen un riesgo aumentado para el desarrollo de la nefropatía por contraste. La corrección de aquellos factores de riesgo que sean modificables (como el hematocrito bajo) y la correcta aplicación del protocolo de hidratación son esenciales para prevenir esta complicación.


Coronary intervention is associated with the appearance of contrast-induced nephropathy. The purpose of the study was to assess the risk of developing contrast-induced nephropathy in patients with significant coronary obstruction and its relationship with known risk factors for this nephropathy. A prospective cohort study was designed with 160 patients treated at the cardiocenter of the "Hermanos Ameijeiras" hospital, Cuba, who underwent invasive coronary angiography, between January 2016 and July 2017. The average age was 61.6 ± 9 ,2 years; 70.6% were men. The personal pathological history of ischemic heart disease (85.6%) and arterial hypertension (75.6%) predominated. 75% of the cases presented a significant coronary occlusion. The frequency of contrast nephropathy was 42.5%. The factors that had an important statistical relationship with the presence of significant arterial occlusion were known ischemic heart disease (p <0.001), previous percutaneous coronary intervention (p = 0.007), creatinine after the procedure (p = 0.043) and CIN (p = 0.016) as well as the volume of contrast administered (p = 0.006). In the subgroup of patients with significant occlusion, low hematocrit (p = 0.025) and emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (p = 0.007) were the most influential factors. It is concluded that patients with significant coronary occlusion have an increased risk for the development of contrast nephropathy. The correction of those risk factors that are modifiable (such as low hematocrit) and the correct application of the hydration protocol are essential to prevent this complication


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Coronary Occlusion , Acute Kidney Injury , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
10.
Radiol. bras ; 54(4): 238-242, July-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287751

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The objective of this study was to allow physicians with self-diagnosed gadolinium deposition disease symptoms to report their own experience. Materials and Methods: Nine physicians (seven females), with a mean age of 50.5 ± 8.3 years, participated in this case series. Nationalities were American (n = 6), British, Portuguese, and Romanian. Medical practices included internal medicine (n = 2), trauma surgery, ophthalmology, gastroenterology, psychiatry, family medicine, obstetrics/gynecology, and general practice. Results: Genetically, eight of the physicians were of central European origin. Underlying autoimmune conditions were present in four. Symptoms developed after a single injection in one physician and after multiple injections in eight. The precipitating agent was gadobenate dimeglumine in four physicians, gadobutrol in three, gadoterate meglumine in one, and gadopentetate dimeglumine in one. The most consistent symptoms were a burning sensation, brain fog, fatigue, distal paresthesia, fasciculations, headache, and insomnia. Eight of the physicians were compelled to change their practice of medicine. Conclusion: In the various physicians, gadolinium deposition disease showed common features and had a substantial impact on daily activity. Physicians are educated reporters on disease, so their personal descriptions should spark interest in further research.


Resumo Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi possibilitar que médicos com sintomas de doença de deposição de gadolínio autodiagnosticada relatassem sua própria experiência. Materiais e Métodos: Nove médicos (sete mulheres), com média de idade de 50,5 ± 8,3 anos, participaram desta série de casos. As nacionalidades foram americana (n = 6), britânica, portuguesa e romena. As práticas médicas incluíram medicina interna (n = 2), traumatologia, oftalmologia, gastroenterologia, psiquiatria, medicina de família, ginecologia/obstetrícia e clínica geral. Resultados: Geneticamente, oito dos médicos tinham origem europeia central. Condições autoimunes subjacentes estavam presentes em quatro médicos. Os sintomas se desenvolveram após uma única injeção em um médico e após várias injeções em oito. O agente precipitante foi gadobenato dimeglumina em quatro médicos, gadobutrol em três, gadoterato meglumina em um e gadopentetato dimeglumina em um. Os sintomas mais consistentes foram sensação de queimação, confusão mental, fadiga, parestesia distal, fasciculações, cefaleia e insônia. Oito dos médicos foram forçados a alterar a sua prática médica. Conclusão: Em vários médicos, a doença de deposição de gadolínio mostrou características comuns e teve um impacto substancial na atividade diária. Os médicos são repórteres treinados sobre doenças, assim, suas descrições pessoais devem despertar interesse em pesquisas futuras.

12.
Iatreia ; 34(2): 116-123, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250062

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar el rendimiento diagnóstico de la tomografía abdominal sin medio de contraste oral en pacientes con dolor abdominal. Materiales y métodos: se incluyeron tomografías de pacientes con dolor abdominal entre el 1 de septiembre y 31 de diciembre del 2015 en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación. Se analizó el desempeño de las tomografías con o sin contraste oral y se consideró como prueba de referencia el resultado diagnóstico definitivo en la intervención quirúrgica o por diagnóstico clínico. Se calculó la sensibilidad, especificidad y los valores predictivos positivos y negativos con intervalos de confianza del 95 %. Resultados: fueron evaluadas un total de 128 tomografías de abdomen, 91 con contraste oral y 37 sin él. La tomografía sin contraste oral tuvo una sensibilidad y especificidad muy similar a la que sí lo tenía, con valores de 84 % y 91,6 %, respectivamente. Conclusión: el rendimiento global de la tomografía con contraste oral fue similar a la que no lo tenía, con valores cercanos al 90 %. La adquisición de la tomografía con contraste oral tomó casi 3 veces más tiempo que el requerido en los estudios sin contraste oral.


SUMMARY Objective: Evaluate the diagnostic performance of abdominal tomography without oral contrast medium in patients with abdominal pain. Materials and methods: Abdominal tomographies of patients with abdominal pain were included, between September 1 and December 31, 2015 at the Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación. For the analysis of the tomographies with or without oral contrast, the definitive diagnostic result in the surgical intervention or by clinical diagnosis was considered as a reference test. We calculated the sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values with their respective 95% confidence intervals for tomography with and without oral contrast. Results: 128 abdominal tomographies, 91 with oral contrast and 37 without this type of contrast were evaluated. The tomography without oral contrast had a sensitivity and specificity very similar to the tomography with contrast, with values of 84% and 91.6%, respectively. Conclusion: The performance of the tomography with oral contrast was similar to the tomography without oral contrast, with values close to 90%. The acquisition of tomography with oral contrast took almost 3 times longer than that required in the studies without oral contrast.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Contrast Media , Tomography
13.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(2): 331-335, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289078

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Uma mulher com 37 anos de idade, gestante de 35 semanas, foi admitida em um hospital local em razão de epistaxe grave, que resultou em choque e em necessidade de realização de cesárea emergencial. Após falha do tamponamento para controlar a hemorragia, decidiu-se por tratamento angiográfico. Após o procedimento, ela foi admitida à unidade de terapia intensiva neurocrítica, encontrando-se confusa e agitada, com necessidade de sedação e intubação orotraqueal. Na unidade de terapia intensiva, as investigações incluíram exames de ressonância magnética, punção lombar com painel viral, eletroencefalograma, testes para autoimunidade e avaliações hidroeletrolítica e metabólica. O exame de ressonância magnética mostrou área puntiforme restrita na corona radiata esquerda nas sequências de imagens pesadas em difusão, além de leve edema cortical posterior (sem restrição à difusão), e o eletroencefalograma mostrou atividade lenta difusa moderada, atividade frontoparietal lenta e escassos componentes paroxísticos associados no hemisfério esquerdo. Outros exames não mostraram alterações relevantes. Por causa da relação temporal e da história clínica, assim como imagens de ressonância magnética, formulou-se o diagnóstico de encefalopatia induzida por contraste. A sedação foi retirada após 2 dias na unidade de terapia intensiva, e a paciente foi extubada, verificando-se completa recuperação neurológica dentro das 24 horas seguintes.


ABSTRACT A 37-year-old woman (35 weeks pregnant) was admitted to a local hospital due to severe epistaxis resulting in shock and the need for emergency cesarean section. After failure to tamponade the bleeding, angiographic treatment was provided. After the procedure, she was admitted to the neurocritical intensive care unit and was confused and agitated, requiring sedation and endotracheal intubation. In the intensive care unit, diagnostic investigations included brain magnetic resonance imaging, lumbar puncture with viral panel, electroencephalogram, tests for autoimmunity, and hydroelectrolytic and metabolic evaluations. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a puntiform restricted diffusion area on the left corona radiata on diffusion weighted imaging and mild cortical posterior edema (without restricted diffusion), and an electroencephalogram showed moderate diffuse slow activity and fronto-temporal slow activity of the left hemisphere with associated scarce paroxysmal components. The other exams did not show any relevant alterations. Due to the temporal relationship, the clinical history and the magnetic resonance imaging results, a diagnosis of contrast-induced encephalopathy was made. After 2 days in the intensive care unit, sedation was withdrawn, the patient was extubated, and total neurological recovery was verified within the next 24 hours.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Brain Diseases/chemically induced , Brain Diseases/therapy , Cesarean Section , Brain , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Epistaxis
14.
Radiol. bras ; 54(2): 77-82, Jan.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155245

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the incidence of nephropathy induced by intravenous contrast in hospitalized patients undergoing computed tomography (CT). Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study involving 1,238 patients who underwent CT with or without intravenous administration of a contrast agent (iopromide). The primary outcome measure was acute kidney injury (AKI), as defined by the traditional criteria-an absolute or relative increase in serum creatinine (SCr) ≥ 0.5 mg/dL or ≥ 25% over baseline, respectively, at 2-3 days after contrast administration-and the newer, Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria-an absolute or relative increase in SCr ≥ 0.3 mg/dL or ≥ 50% over baseline, respectively, at 2-7 days after contrast administration. Results: The overall incidence of AKI was 11.52% when the KDIGO criteria were applied. Univariate logistic regression demonstrated a significant association between an absolute post-CT increase in SCr ≥ 0.5 mg/dL and AKI, although that association did not retain significance in the multivariate analysis. Multivariate logistic regression initially found an association between an absolute post-CT increase in SCr ≥ 0.3 mg/dL and advanced age, although that association was not maintained after correction. We found no association between AKI and the risk factors evaluated. Conclusion: We identified no criteria for contrast-induced nephropathy after CT; nor did we find AKI to be associated with the classical risk factors.


Resumo Objetivo: Determinar a incidência de nefropatia induzida por contraste intravenoso em pacientes hospitalizados submetidos a tomografia computadorizada (TC). Materiais e Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo que alocou 1.238 pacientes submetidos a TC sem ou com contraste (iopromida). O desfecho primário foi nefropatia induzida por contraste, definida pelo critério antigo - aumento absoluto ou relativo na creatinina sérica (SCr) ≥ 0,5 mg/dL ou ≥ 25%, respectivamente, durante 2-3 dias após a administração -, e o novo, Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) - aumento absoluto ou relativo na SCr ≥ 0,3 mg/dL ou ≥ 50%, respectivamente, durante 2-7 dias após a administração. Resultados: A incidência de lesão renal aguda foi de 11,52% aplicando os critérios KDIGO. A regressão logística univariada demonstrou significância relacionada à associação entre aumento absoluto da SCr ≥ 0,5 mg/dL após TC e lesão renal aguda. A regressão logística multivariada encontrou, inicialmente, associação entre aumento absoluto da SCr ≥ 0,3 mg/dL após TC e idade avançada, mas a associação não foi mantida após correção. Não foi encontrada associação entre lesão renal aguda e os fatores de risco avaliados. Conclusão: Não foram encontrados critérios para nefropatia induzida por contraste após TC ou associação de lesão renal aguda com fatores de risco clássicos.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908719

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of conventional coronary CT angiography (CCTA) bolus injection of contrast agent on the diameter and angle of the left main coronary artery (LMA) bifurcation area, and to provide a basis for the application of CCTA to accurately measure the coronary artery.Methods:In Cangzhou Central Hospital of Hebei Province from January to December 2020, the clinical data of 54 patients with suspected coronary heart disease who underwent coronary artery calcification score (CACS) and CCTA with conventional bolus injection of contrast agent were retrospectively analyzed. Two physicians measured middle lumen diameter of LMA (d1), proximal lumen diameter of left anterior descending (LAD) (d2), proximal lumen diameter of left circumflex (LCX) (d3) and bifurcation angle between LAD and LCX (∠1). The consistency of 2 physicians was compared, and the results of CACS and CCTA were compared.Results:The consistency analysis result showed that only d3 measured by CCTA had a moderate consistency (intra-group correlation coefficient = 0.717), and the remaining indexes were in good agreement (intra-group correlation coefficient >0.75). There were no statistical differences in indexes measured results between CACS and CCTA ( P>0.05). According to the degree of left coronary artery stenosis, 54 patients were divided into 2 groups: LMA and branches normal or stenosis degree < 50% group (25 cases) and LMA and branches 1 or more branches stenosis degree≥50% group (29 cases). There were no statistical differences in indexes measured results between CACS and CCTA in patients with different disease severity ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In the CCTA examination, the conventional bolus injection of contrast agent does not affect the diameter and angle of the lumen of the LMA bifurcation area of the coronary artery.

16.
Singapore medical journal ; : 588-593, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920935

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Patients receiving intravenous iodinated contrast media for computed tomography (CT) are predisposed to contrast-induced nephropathy. Chronic kidney disease is an important risk factor, and hydration is the mainstay of prevention. While inpatients can undergo intravenous hydration, limited knowledge exists regarding regimens for outpatients. We employed a rapid outpatient hydration protocol to reduce postponement of imaging appointments for patients with suboptimal estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).@*METHODS@#From June 2015, we amended our CT preparation protocol to mandate rapid hydration (oral, intravenous or both) for patients with an eGFR of 30-60 mL/min/1.73 m@*RESULTS@#226 outpatients received the hydration protocol, which correlated with a 95% reduction in postponement of imaging appointments. No complications of fluid overload from hydration were encountered. A significant association was observed between age and decrease in eGFR, but this was not significant when stratified by drop in eGFR category. No statistical significance was found between decrease in eGFR and gender or race. Higher baseline eGFR was less likely to be associated with decrease in eGFR after imaging. Type of hydration was not related to a drop in eGFR category for patients with an eGFR of 45-59 mL/min/1.73 m@*CONCLUSION@#We defined a shorter hydration regimen that is safe to use in the outpatient setting.

17.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200161, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279395

ABSTRACT

Resumo A variação do valor encontrado nos exames de creatinina em pacientes submetidos à tomografia computadorizada (TC) contrastada tem sido utilizada como método prático para a avaliação de possíveis lesões renais causadas pelo uso do contraste. Entre os critérios, considera-se o aumento absoluto de creatinina sérica ≥ 0,5 mg/dL ou relativo em ≥ 25% para possíveis distúrbios renais, como a nefropatia induzida por contraste (NIC). Nosso objetivo foi analisar a incidência de NIC através de uma metanálise envolvendo nove artigos relacionados à incidência de lesão renal por contraste, sendo calculado o odds ratio (OR) e o intervalo de confiança (IC95%) por meio do programa RStudio. A incidência de NIC em pacientes submetidos a TC foi de 11,29%, sendo o OR de 1,38 (IC95% 0,88-2,16). Contrastes não iônicos apresentam maior segurança em seu uso que outros tipos de contraste, e o volume maior que 115 mL pode estar relacionado a NIC. A doença renal prévia apresentou significado estatístico em agravar a NIC.


Abstract Variation in the creatinine levels of patients who have undergone contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) has been adopted as a practical method for assessment of possible kidney damage caused by the contrast. Criteria employed include an absolute increase in serum creatinine ≥ 0.5 mg/dL or a relative increase ≥ 25% as indicative of possible renal disorders, such as contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Our objective was to analyze the incidence of CIN by means of a meta-analysis of nine articles related to incidence of kidney damage caused by contrast, calculating odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals (95%CI) using RStudio. The overall incidence of CIN in patients who had CT scans was 11.29%, with an OR of 1.38 (95%CI 0.88-2.16). Non-ionic contrasts are safer than other types of contrast, and volumes exceeding 115 mL may be associated with CIN. Preexisting kidney disease had a statistically significant relationship with worse CIN rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/adverse effects , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Creatinine/blood , Odds Ratio , Age Factors , Contrast Media/pharmacokinetics , Creatinine/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/etiology
18.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1384806

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo desta revisão é identificar evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre intervenções de enfermagem preventivas de respostas adversas ao meio de contraste iodado. A questão de pesquisa para esse estudo é a seguinte: "Qual a eficácia das ações de enfermagem preventivas de reações adversas desenvolvidas por pacientes que receberão contraste iodado? " Baseada nas questões que envolvem a segurança do paciente ao risco de evento adverso. Método: revisão sistemática baseada no protocolo do Joanna Briggs Institute, que prevê a formulação de uma questão norteadora, definição de descritores, participação de dois revisores, definição de critérios de inclusão e exclusão dos estudos, definição de bases de dados eletrônicas, seleção dos estudos, análise crítica dos artigos e síntese dos dados com a recomendação do grau de evidência. Resultados esperados: levantamento de evidências científicas para prevenção de respostas adversas ao meio de contraste iodado, bem como fornecer meios para segurança da assistência de enfermagem radiológica.


Abstract This review aimed to identify evidence available in the literature about nursing interventions to prevent adverse reactions to iodinated contrast media. The research question for this study - "How effective are nursing actions at preventing adverse reactions in patients who will receive iodinated contrast?" - is based on issues that involve patient safety regarding the risk of adverse events. Method: systematic review based on the Joanna Briggs Institute protocol, which provides for the formulation of a guiding question, definition of descriptors, participation of two reviewers, definition of inclusion and exclusion criteria for studies, definition of electronic databases, selection of studies , critical analysis of the articles and synthesis of the data with the recommendation of the degree of evidence. Expected results: survey of scientific evidence to prevent adverse responses to the iodinated contrast medium, as well as provide means for the safety of radiological nursing care.


Resumen El objetivo de esta revisión es identificar la evidencia disponible en la literatura sobre intervenciones preventivas de enfermería para las respuestas adversas a los medios de contraste yodados. La pregunta de investigación para este estudio es la siguiente: "¿Qué tan efectivas son las acciones de enfermería preventiva para las reacciones adversas desarrolladas por pacientes que recibirán contraste yodado?" Basado en cuestiones que involucran la seguridad del paciente a riesgo de un evento adverso. Método: revisión sistemática basada en el protocolo del Instituto Joanna Briggs, que prevé la formulación de una pregunta guía, definición de descriptores, participación de dos revisores, definición de criterios de inclusión y exclusión para estudios, definición de bases de datos electrónicas, selección de estúdios, análisis crítico de los artículos y síntesis de los datos con la recomendación del grado de evidencia. Resultados esperados: encuesta de evidencia científica para prevenir respuestas adversas al medio de contraste yodado, así como proporcionar medios para la seguridad de la atención radiológica de enfermería.

19.
Acta méd. peru ; 37(4): 495-499, oct-dic 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278172

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los medios de contraste iodados pueden presentar diferentes efectos adversos, siendo los más frecuentes daño renal y reacciones de hipersensibilidad. La ceguera cortical y amnesia global transitoria son complicaciones neurológicas raras descritas tras la administración de medios de contraste. Reportamos el caso de un paciente de 63 años, hipertenso que acude por cianosis, frialdad del segundo y tercer dedo de mano izquierda. Es sometido a arteriografía de miembro superior, usando 50 mL de iopamidol e inmediatamente desarrolla cefalea occipital asociada a visión borrosa bilateral que progresa rápidamente a ceguera; la tomografía cerebral reveló hiperdensidades subaracnoideas occipitales, sin efecto de masa. A las dieciocho horas del evento, el paciente presenta amnesia anterógrada con persistencia de amaurosis. Su tomografía cerebral de control no muestra trastornos focales. El paciente cursa con evolución favorable, la amaurosis bilateral y la cefalea ceden a las treinta horas del evento y es dado de alta sin mayores eventualidades a los diez días.


ABSTRACT Iodinated contrast substances may cause different adverse events, most frequently renal involvement and hypersensitivity reactions. Transient cortical blindness and global amnesia are rarely described neurological complications after the administration of contrast substances. We report the case of a 63-year old patient with high blood pressure who presented with cyanosis and cold sensation affecting the second and third digits of his left hand. The patient underwent an arteriography of the left arm, where 50-mL of iopamidol was used as a contrast substance, and he immediately developed occipital headache associated to bilateral blurred vision that rapidly progressed to blindness. A cerebral computed tomography (CT) scan showed occipital subarachnoid hypodense areas, with no mass effect. Eighteen hours after the event, the patient showed retrograde amnesia with persistent amaurosis. His control cerebral CT scan did now show any focal disorder. The patient had a good progression, both bilateral amaurosis and headache subsided thirty hours after the event, and the patient was uneventfully discharged after ten days.

20.
Radiol. bras ; 53(4): 216-222, July-Aug. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136092

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess the practical aspects of the use of various gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) by radiologists. Materials and Methods: Ten experienced radiologists from different regions of Brazil participated in a Delphi panel querying their use of various GBCAs, including linear and macrocyclic classes (1.0 and 0.5 M), in terms of the choice of agent, volume and dosage of the agents, and associated safety concerns. Results: The response rate was 100% for all questions. GBCAs are safe in terms of acute adverse reactions, and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis is rare. The deposition of gadolinium in the brain and other tissues is a concern among the experts. Macrocyclic agents are preferable to linear agents; an injection volume below 0.1 mL/kg of a 1.0 M agent could result in good-quality images with additional long-term safety, but there is no published evidence to support this recommendation. The majority of experts preferred not to administer GBCAs to pregnant patients. Conclusion: When choosing a GBCA, it is important to consider the characteristics of the gadolinium deposition in patient tissues and minimize potential risks. Furthermore, medical education programs are needed to increase the awareness of the potential risks of gadolinium deposition and thus avoid instances of overexposure to the contrast agent.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar aspectos práticos do uso de agentes de contraste à base de gadolínio (gadolinium-based contrast agents - GBCAs) por médicos especialistas em radiologia. Materiais e Métodos: Dez radiologistas de diferentes regiões do Brasil foram convidados a participar de um painel Delphi com perguntas sobre o uso de GBCAs lineares e macrocíclicos (1,0 e 0,5 M), em termos de dosagem, volume injetado e preocupações relacionadas à segurança. Resultados: A taxa de resposta foi de 100% para todas as perguntas. GBCAs são seguros em relação a reações adversas agudas, e os casos de fibrose nefrogênica sistêmica são raros. O depósito de gadolínio no cérebro e em outros tecidos é uma preocupação de todo o painel. Agentes macrocíclicos são preferíveis aos lineares. Um volume menor que 0,1 mL/kg injetado de contraste macrocíclico 1,0 M poderia oferecer imagem com boa qualidade e benefício adicional em longo prazo, entretanto, não há evidências publicadas que apóiem tal recomendação. A maioria prefere não administrar GBCA em gestantes. Conclusão: É importante considerar as características de deposição e minimizar potenciais riscos ao se escolher um GBCA. Ações de educação médica são necessárias para a conscientização dos potenciais riscos da presença de gadolínio em longo prazo e evitar a sobre-exposição ao agente de contraste.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL