Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 10.127
Filter
1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e246460, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350310

ABSTRACT

Abstract Field survey study was conducted season (2017). Soybeans and weeds were weekly sampled randomly. Thrips adults were identified and counted. Detection of the virus isolate and the natural incidence was determined using; Mechanical transmission, host range, DAS-ELISA, RT-PCR. The natural incidence thrips individuals was detected depending on the SVNV% in thrips individuals and weeds hosts. Ten thrips species were associated with soybean plants in the field. The most abundant species was T. tabaci, average 256.5 average no.of individuals, followed by F. occidentalis (142.5 average no. of individuals), then N. variabilis (86.6/ average no. of individuals). Fourteen thrips species occurred on 5 legumes field crops and 41 weed plant species within soybean field. The highest average number 40.6.of individuals were recorded on Ammi majus. While the lowest one 3.3 average no. of individuals were on Urtica urens. Only 21diagnostic plant species were susceptible to infection with SVNV. G. max and Vigna radiate, were the highest percentage of infection 80% followed by V. unguilata & N. benthamiana, 75%. Egyptian isolate of Soybean vein necrosis virus (SVNV) in this study showed a high degree of similarity and it is closely related to TSWV from Egypt (DQ479968) and TCSV from USA (KY820965) with nucleotide sequence identity of 78%. Four thrips species transmitted SVNV (F. fusca 4.0%, F. schultzei 4.3%, F. tritici 3.3% and N. variabilis 68.0% transmission). Both C. phaseoli and M. sjostedti can acquire the virus but unable to transmit it. The following species; T. tabaci, F. occidentalis, S. dorsallis and T. palmi cannot acquire or transmit SVNV. The incidence of SVNV in the field started by the end of July then increased gradualy from 12.7 to 71.3% by the end of the season. In conclusion, few thrips individuals invaded soybean crops are enough to transmit high rate of SVNV within the crop. Furthermore, several vector species are also abundant on weeds, which are the major sources of soybean viruses transmitted to the crops. This information might be important for control and reduce the incidence of SVNV infection.


Resumo O estudo de pesquisa de campo foi realizado na temporada (2017). A soja e as ervas daninhas foram amostradas semanalmente de forma aleatória. Tripes adultos foram identificados e contados. A detecção do vírus isolado e a incidência natural foram determinadas usando transmissão mecânica, gama de hospedeiros, DAS-ELISA, RT-PCR. A incidência natural de tripes em indivíduos foi detectada dependendo da % de SVNV em tripes e hospedeiros infestantes. Dez espécies de tripes foram associadas a plantas de soja no campo. A espécie mais abundante foi T. tabaci, com média de 256,5 número médio de indivíduos, seguida por F. occidentalis (142,5) e N. variabilis (86,6 / número médio de indivíduos). Catorze espécies de tripes ocorreram em 5 culturas de leguminosas e 41 espécies de plantas daninhas dentro de campos de soja. O maior número médio de 40,6 indivíduos foi registrado em Ammi majus. Enquanto o mais baixo, 3,3 número médio de indivíduos, foi no Urtica urens. Apenas 21 espécies de plantas diagnosticadas foram suscetíveis à infecção com SVNV. G. max e Vigna radiate foram os maiores percentuais de infecção, 80%, seguidos por V. unguilata e N. benthamiana, 75%. O isolado egípcio neste estudo mostrou um alto grau de similaridade e está intimamente relacionado ao TSWV do Egito (DQ479968) e ao TCSV dos EUA (KY820965), com identidade de sequência de nucleotídeos de 78%. Quatro espécies de tripes transmitiram SVNV (F. fusca 4,0%, F. schultzei 4,3%, F. tritici 3,3% e N. variabilis 68,0% de transmissão). Tanto C. phaseoli quanto M. sjostedti podem adquirir o vírus, mas não podem transmiti-lo. As seguintes espécies, T. tabaci, F. occidentalis, S. dorsallis e T. palmi não podem adquirir ou transmitir SVNV. A incidência de SVNV no campo, iniciada no final de julho, aumentou gradativamente de 12,7 para 71,3% no final da temporada. Em conclusão, poucos indivíduos de tripes invadiram a cultura da soja e são suficientes para transmitir alta taxa de SVNV dentro da cultura. Além disso, várias espécies de vetores também abundam em ervas daninhas, que são as principais fontes dos vírus da soja transmitidos às lavouras. Essas informações podem ser importantes para controlar e reduzir a incidência de infecção por SVNV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tospovirus , Plant Diseases , Soybeans , Incidence , Urticaceae , Egypt/epidemiology , Plant Weeds , Necrosis
2.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366891

ABSTRACT

Aim: to evaluate the internet searches for Invisalign® in Brazil and worldwide between 2018 and 2021, using the Google Trends tool. Methods: An infodemiological study was carried out. The relative search volume (RSV) for the term "invisalign" in Google platform was retrieved for each year of study, both in Brazil and worldwide, using a standard procedure. Results and Conclusion: Both in Brazil and worldwide, there was a statistically significant increase in RSV between 2018 and 2021 (all p <0.05), indicating progressively more interest in Invisalign® clear aligner on the internet.


Objetivo: avaliar as buscas na internet por Invisalign® no Brasil e no mundo entre 2018 e 2021, utilizando a ferramenta Google Trends. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo infodemiológico. O volume relativo de busca (RSV) para o termo "invisalign" na plataforma Google foi recuperado para cada ano de estudo, tanto no Brasil quanto no mundo, utilizando um procedimento padrão. Resultados e Conclusão: Tanto no Brasil quanto no mundo, houve um aumento estatisticamente significativo do RSV entre 2018 e 2021 (todos p <0.05), indicando progressivamente mais interesse pelo alinhador transparente Invisalign® na internet.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Appliances, Removable , Orthodontics , Epidemiology
3.
Medwave ; 22(3)29-04-2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368125

ABSTRACT

Introducción El síndrome cardiopulmonar por hantavirus es una enfermedad causada por un virus perteneciente al orden bunyanvirales, y transmitida hacia los humanos a través de roedores. Esta enfermedad en Chile es considerada endémica, la cual tiene una alta tasa de letalidad. En la actualidad existen estudios que evidencian el contagio entre personas del virus Andes, cuya localidad se concentra en los países de Argentina y Chile. Objetivos Analizar la posibilidad de transmisión de hantavirus entre humanos, mediante un modelo matemático tipo SEIR. Métodos Se plantea un modelo matemático tipo SEIR (susceptible, expuesto, infeccioso y recuperado) para expresar la dinámica de la enfermedad por hantavirus, incluyendo la posibilidad de transmisión entre humanos y la percepción del riesgo. Resultados El máximo de contagio entre humanos disminuye cerca de 25% tras aumentar la percepción de riesgo de las personas, mediante la reducción de la tasa de resistencia al cambio y aumento la velocidad de reaccionar de las personas. Conclusiones Es urgente revisar las estrategias de comunicación de riesgo y medidas de prevención ante esta posibilidad de contagios masivos entre humanos, además de fortalecer la investigación y proyectar el desarrollo de una vacuna para proteger las poblaciones expuestas a esta enfermedad con alta tasa de letalidad.


Introduction Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome is an infection caused by rodents of the Bunyanvirales family towards humans. This disease in Chile is considered endemic, which has a high fatality rate. At present, some studies show the contagion between people of the Andes virus, whose locality is concentrated in Argentina and Chile. Objectives Analyze the possibility of hantavirus transmission between humans using an SEIR-type mathematical model. Methods An SEIR (Susceptible, Exposed, Infectious and Recovered) mathematical model to express the dynamics of hantavirus disease is proposed, including the possibility of human-to-human transmission and the perception of risk. Results The peak of human-to-human contagion decreases by about 25% after increasing people's perception of risk by reducing the rate of resistance to changeand increasing the speed of people's reaction. Conclusions It is urgent to review risk communication strategies and prevention measures in the face of this possibility of massive human-tohuman infections, in addition to strengthening research and planning the development of a vaccine to protect populations exposed to this disease with a high fatality rate.

4.
Pediatr Panamá ; 51(1): 14-18, May2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368293

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las personas con Síndrome de Down requieren de cuidados especiales para realizar su higiene bucal, por lo que reviste vital importancia el conocimiento de cada una de las particularidades en este tipo de pacientes para poder desarrollar una correcta atención estomatológica. Objetivo: caracterizar las variables clínico-epidemiológicas y la salud bucal en pacientes pediátricos portadores del síndrome de Down atendidos en consultas de Estomatología pertenecientes al municipio Morón, Ciego de Ávila. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, en el período comprendido de enero a noviembre del año 2019. Se trabajó con la totalidad del universo, constituido por 31 pacientes, seleccionado mediante muestreo no probabilístico intencional. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva y como medida de resumen de la información las frecuencias absolutas y relativas porcentuales. Resultados: el 64,5 % perteneció al sexo masculino y el 48,4 % representó al grupo de edad 12-14 años. El 100 % de la población presentó enfermedades estomatológicas y el 54,8 % padeció de cardiopatía congénita. La higiene bucal deficiente estuvo presente en el 67,7 % de los casos. Las enfermedades bucales predominantes fueron la caries dental con el 77,4 % y la enfermedad periodontal con 67,7 %. Conclusiones: existió predominio del grupo de edad 12-14 años, el sexo masculino y las enfermedades estomatológicas. La higiene bucal deficiente y la caries dental estuvieron presentes en la mayoría de los pacientes.


Introduction: people with Down syndrome require special care to perform their oral hygiene, so it is vitally important to know each of the particularities in this type of patient in order to develop correct dental care. Objective: to characterize the clinical-epidemiological variables and oral health in pediatric patients with Down Syndrome treated in stomatology clinics belonging to the Moron municipality, Ciego de Avila. Methods: an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in the period from January to November 2019. We worked with the entire universe, consisting of 31 patients, selected by intentional non-probabilistic sampling. Descriptive statistics were used and absolute and relative percentage frequencies were used as a summary measure of the information. Results: 64,5 % belonged to the male sex and 48,4 % represented the age group 12-14 years. 100 % of the population had dental diseases and 54,8 % suffered from some cardiovascular disease. Poor oral hygiene was present in 67,7 % of the cases. The predominant oral diseases were dental caries with 77,4 % and periodontal disease with 67,7 %. Conclusions: there was a predominance of the age group 12-14 years, the male sex and dental diseases. Poor oral hygiene and dental caries were present in most of the patients.

5.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 230-242, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364972

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the main cause of morbidity and mortality in Brazil. Objective To provide population-based data on prevalence and factors associated with CVD risk factors. Methods Individuals aged ≥20 years from two editions of the cross-sectional Health Survey of São Paulo focusing on Nutrition (ISA-Nutrition), performed in Sao Paulo city in 2008 (n=590) and 2015 (n=610), were evaluated for: obesity, central obesity, waist/height ratio, high blood pressure (HBP), dyslipidemia, diabetes, and number of CVD risk factors ≥3. Prevalence was estimated according to complex survey procedures. Factors associated with cardiovascular risk factors were assessed using logistic regression, with statistical significance of p<0.05. Results Obesity and older age were associated with higher odds of all cardiovascular risk factors investigated, except for dyslipidemia. HBP was positively associated with being Black/Brown and negatively associated with being physicaly active in leisure time. Women were more likely to have increased adiposity indicators and three or more cardiovascular risk factors than men. Those with higher education had lower chances of having diabetes, HBP and dyslipidemia, and those with higher income had higher chances of having three or more risk factors. Former smokers had higher odds of diabetes, obesity, and high waist/height ratio, and smokers had higher odds of high non-HDL cholesterol levels. From 2008 to 2015, there was an increase (p<0.001) in the prevalence of diabetes (6.9% to 17.3%), HBP (31.9% to 41.8%), dyslipidemia (51.3% to 67.6%), and number of CVD risk factors ≥3 (18.9% to 34.1%). Conclusion This study shows increasing prevalence of CVD risk factors in adult population in Sao Paulo and may support the definition of target groups and priority actions on CVD prevention and treatment.

6.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 243-252, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364985

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Atherosclerosis is a serious health problem, and several factors contribute to its occurrence. Longitudinal and qualified monitoring of primary health care (PHC) may contribute to the management of atherosclerosis and reduction of avoidable hospital admissions. Objectives: To estimate the trend in hospitalizations for atherosclerosis and the impact of PHC coverage on its evolution from 2008 to 2018 in Brazil. Methods: An ecological time series analytical study based on the outcomes of hospital admissions for atherosclerosis in Brazil. Time in years, PHC coverage, and Family Health Strategy (FHS) services were considered independent variables. A Prais-Winsten model was used to estimate the outcome trend, and α < 0.05 was adopted. Results: We observed a mean increase of 1.81 hospitalizations for atherosclerosis per 100 000 inhabitants annually (p = 0.002) in Brazil. This growth was evidenced in the Northeast (p < 0.001), Southeast (p = 0.003), and South (p < 0.001) regions, being stable in the North (p = 0.057) and Midwest (p = 0.62) regions. Men presented twice the growth in hospitalizations from the fifth decade of life on (p < 0.01). An inversely proportional relationship was observed for PHC coverage (B = -0.71; p < 0.001) and the proportion of FHS services (B = -0.59; p < 0.001) with the rate of admissions due to atherosclerosis in Brazil. Conclusions: Although hospitalizations for atherosclerotic complications are increasing in Brazil, they present regional and individual gender and age discrepancies, as well as a mitigating effect exerted by PHC coverage.

7.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(1): 66-70, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368218

ABSTRACT

Introdução: As queimaduras são lesões cutâneas causadas pelo calor, tendo aquelas diversos agentes, que podem comprometer tecido muscular, tendões, ossos e trazem riscos de perda de membros, de função ou até a morte do paciente. São problemas que podem resultar em danos clínicos, físicos e psicológicos. O objetivo é avaliar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes adultos internados em um centro de tratamento de queimados no Recôncavo da Bahia, no período de 13 meses. Métodos: Estudo descritivo retrospectivo, no qual foram avaliados os prontuários médicos dos pacientes internados na instituição em questão. Resultados: No período em questão, foram admitidos 102 pacientes adultos, existindo um equilíbrio entre os sexos masculino e feminino. Ao analisar o motivo da queimadura, pode-se observar que a maioria apresentava queimaduras de natureza acidental. A escaldadura por líquidos quentes, englobando leite, café e óleo em altas temperaturas, foi o principal agente, com 68 casos (66,7%). Quanto à profundidade das lesões, 83 (81,4%) foram vítimas de queimaduras de 2° grau, 17 (16,7%) de 3° grau e 2 (2%) com profundidade da lesão não especificada nos registros. Com relação ao desfecho, 96 (94,1%) receberam alta hospitalar, 3 (2,9%) foram a óbito e 3 (2,9%) foram transferidos para outro serviço. Conclusão: A queimadura é um mal evitável, sendo assim, os dados epidemiológicos são ferramentas que contribuem para a elaboração de cuidados e de prevenção voltados para esse grupo. Este estudo poderá servir no planejamento de políticas públicas de saúde voltadas para o atendimento e prevenção a queimaduras.


Introduction: Burns are skin lesions caused by heat of various agents, which can compromise muscle tissue, tendons, bones and bring risks of loss of limbs, function or even the death of the patient. These are problems that can result in clinical, physical and psychological damage. The objective is to evaluate the epidemiological profile of adult patients admitted to a burn treatment center in Recôncavo da Bahia, over a 13-month period. Methods: Retrospective descriptive study where the medical records of patients admitted to the institution in question were evaluated. Results: In the period in question, 102 adult patients were admitted, with a balance between male and female. When analyzing the reason for the burn, it can be seen that the majority had burns of an accidental nature. Scalding by hot liquids, including milk, coffee and oil at hot temperatures, was the main agent with 68 cases (66.7%). As for the depth of the injuries, 83 (81.4%) were victims of 2nd degree burns, 17 (16.7%) of the 3rd degree and 2 (2%) with injury depth not specified in the records. Regarding the outcome, 96 (94.1%) were discharged from the hospital, 3 (2.9%) died and 3 (2.9%) were transferred to another service. Conclusion: Burning is a preventable evil, therefore, epidemiological data are tools that contribute to the development of care and prevention aimed at this group. This study may serve in the planning of public health policies aimed at providing care and preventing burns.

8.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 24(1): 57-62, 20220322.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362862

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tuberculosis is a disease that has affected the population for more than centuries, it is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis with high incidence and prevalence in the population. In Brazil, active tuberculosis is the condition with the greatest impact on mortality in people living with the human immunodeficiency virus, since this part of the population is more likely to develop the disease. In this sense, in order to elucidate the epidemiological profile of patients coinfected with Tuberculosis/HIV, a retrospective study was carried out with a quantitative approach in a referral hospital in the care of these patients in the State of Alagoas. 956 cases of tuberculosis and HIV co-infection were reported, with a higher incidence in males (63.49%), in mixed race (82.42%) and in the age group corresponding to the economically active population, between 21 and 50 years (84,.08%). In addition, the pulmonary clinical form (73.95%) is predominant among the cases, with the peripheral lymph node (32.12%) being the most frequent among the extrapulmonary forms (19.87%). Regarding the clinical outcome of these patients, it was observed that there was a higher rate of treatment drop-out in patients reported with alcoholism, consequently reducing the cure rate of these patients. Therefore, it is evident that socioeconomic variables directly influence the incidence and outcome of patients co-infected with Tuberculosis/HIV and that despite the therapeutic advances and the existing support network, it is still a disease that generates negative impacts on the social development of the country. (AU)


Resumo A tuberculose é uma enfermidade que afeta a população há mais de séculos, é causada pelo Mycobacterium tuberculosis apresentando elevada incidência e prevalência na população. No Brasil, a tuberculose ativa é a condição de maior impacto na mortalidade em pessoas que vivem com o vírus da imunodeficiência humana, já que essa parcela da população apresenta uma maior probabilidade de desenvolver a doença. Nesse sentindo, a fim de elucidar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes coinfectados com Tuberculose/HIV, realizou-se um estudo retrospectivo com abordagem quantitativa em um hospital de referência no atendimento destes pacientes no Estado de Alagoas. Foram notificados 956 casos de coinfecção tuberculose e HIV, apresentando maior incidência no sexo masculino (63,49%), na cor parda (82,42%) e na faixa etária correspondente a população economicamente ativa, entre 21 e 50 anos (84,08%). Além disso, a forma clínica pulmonar (73,95%) é predominante dentre os casos, sendo a ganglionar periférica (32,12%) a mais incidente entre as formas extrapulmonares (19,87%). Em relação ao desfecho clínico desses pacientes, observou-se que houve uma maior taxa de abandono do tratamento em pacientes notificados com agravo por alcoolismo, reduzindo consequentemente a taxa de cura destes pacientes. Portanto, fica evidente que variáveis socioeconômicas influenciam diretamente na incidência e no desfecho de pacientes coinfectados com Tuberculose/HIV e que apesar dos avanços terapêuticos e da rede de suporte já existente, ainda é uma doença que gera impactos negativos para o desenvolvimento social do país. (AU)

9.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 24(1): 63-66, 20220322.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362866

ABSTRACT

Abstract Inflammatory bowel diseases, Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis, are two relevant changes in the intestinal microbiota of individuals who are subject to environmental and genetic changes. With the social development and, mainly, the spread of industrialization, the increase in gastrointestinal diseases was observed on a large scale. Therefore, the study permeated to relate and obtain its results according to ethnicity, sex, phenotypic alterations of PID and gender, which are risk factors for these diseases. To characterize the epidemiological profile of patients with Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis in Brazil in the last 6 years. This is a time series epidemiological study with the objective of collecting data from patients who were diagnosed with Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis, in all Brazilian regions from 2014 to 2019. Data will be collected in the System of SUS Hospital Information (SIH/SUS), within a period of 6 years and for the analysis of these data, sociodemographic variables will be used, namely: ethnicity, sex, region, age group and admissions number, being accessed on 09/22/2020. The panorama presented shows high rates of hospitalization in the Southeast and Northeast regions, the diagnosis for the two diseases predominate in the South region, females, ethnicity/white race and age group between 20 and 29 years highlighted. Thus, the intervention of public policies that improve the population's health condition is of paramount importance. (AU)


Resumo As doenças inflamatórias intestinais, Doença de Crohn e a Colite Ulcerativa, são duas alterações pertinentes na microbiota intestinal de indivíduos que estão sujeitos a mudanças do ambiente e genéticas. Com o desenvolvimento social e, principalmente, alastramento da industrialização o aumento das doenças gastrintestinais foi observado em larga escala. Sendo assim, o estudo permeou em relacionar e obter os seus resultados de acordo a etnia, sexo, alterações fenotípicas de IDP e gênero, que são fatores de riscos para essas doenças. O objetivo desse estudo foi caracterizar o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes com doença de Crohn e colite ulcerativa, no Brasil, nos últimos 6 anos. Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico de serie temporal com o objetivo de coletar dados de pacientes que foram diagnosticados com doença de Crohn e colite ulcerativas, em todas as regiões brasileiras no período de 2014 até 2019. Os dados serão coletados no Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do SUS (SIH/SUS), dentro do período de 6 anos e para a análise desses dados, serão utilizadas as variáveis sociodemográficas, que são: etnia, sexo, região, faixa etária e números de internações, sendo acessado no dia 22/09/2020. O panorama apresentado demostra altas taxas de internação nas regiões sudeste e nordeste, o diagnóstico para as duas doenças predominam na região sul, o sexo feminino, etnia/raça branca e faixa etária entre 20 e 29 anos em destaque. Desta forma, é de suma importância a intervenção de políticas públicas que melhorem a condição de saúde da população. (AU)

10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 1181-1190, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364685

ABSTRACT

Resumo A distribuição da cárie é desigual e fortemente associada aos diferentes perfis socioeconômicos dos países. Objetivou-se descrever as mudanças da prevalência de dentes permanentes cariados no Brasil e em países de renda média-alta nos anos 1990 e 2017. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo realizado a partir de dados secundários extraídos do Global Burden of Disease. Foram incluídos os 53 países pertencentes ao grupo de renda média-alta. As estimativas de prevalência de cárie foram coletadas nos anos de 1990 e 2017. A variação percentual da prevalência foi calculada entre os dois anos. Também foram coletados os valores do Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano (IDH) para cada país. Os resultados evidenciam tendência de redução da prevalência de dentes permanentes cariados no Brasil e na maioria dos países de renda média-alta. A prevalência de cárie não tratada no Brasil foi de 38,17%, em 1990, e de 37,46% em 2017. O Brasil ocupa a 41ª posição no ranking de redução na prevalência de cárie entre os 53 países avaliados. Os países que alcançaram as maiores reduções na prevalência de cárie foram os que melhoraram o seu IDH. Nesse sentido, considera-se a necessidade de rever as políticas públicas de saúde bucal, bem como uma reflexão acerca do enfrentamento das iniquidades presentes nos países pesquisados.


Abstract The distribution of caries is uneven and strongly associated with the different socioeconomic profiles of countries. The scope of this study was to describe the changes in the prevalence of decayed permanent teeth in Brazil and in upper-middle income countries for the years 1990 and 2017. It is a descriptive study based on secondary data extracted from the Global Burden of Disease. The 53 countries included in the upper-middle income group were included. Caries prevalence estimates were collected for the years 1990 and 2017. The percentage change in prevalence was calculated between the two years. The values of the Human Development Index (HDI) for each country were also collected. The results show the trend of a reduction in the prevalence of decayed permanent teeth in Brazil and in most upper-middle income countries. The prevalence of untreated caries in Brazil was 38.17% in 1990 and 37.46% in 2017. Brazil occupies the 41st position in the ranking of the reduction in the prevalence of caries among the 53 countries evaluated. The countries that achieved the greatest reductions in the prevalence of caries were those with an improvement in their HDI. In this respect, the need to review public oral health policies is revealed, as well as a reflection on addressing the inequities present in the countries surveyed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentition, Permanent , Developing Countries , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Income
11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 27(3): 1171-1180, mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364709

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several studies are limited by verifying the level of physical activity with questionnaires and not through objective measurement in older adults. This article aims to analyze the association between a low level of physical activity with accelerometry) and mobility limitation in older adults. A population-based cross-sectional study conducted with 543 older adults. Multiple regression analysis was performed using hierarchical analysis, grouping the variables into two blocks ordered according to the precedence with which they acted on the outcomes. Among the evaluated older adults, 13.7% presented mobility limitations and among these 60.39% were in the low level of physical activity group. Older adults with a low level of physical activity (OR = 3.49 [2.0 - 6.13]), aged 75 and over (OR = 1.97 [1.03 - 3.72]), living without a partner (OR = 2.01 [1.09 - 3.68]), having difficulty performing basic (OR = 2.49 [1.45 - 4.28]) and instrumental (OR = 2.28) [1.18 - 4.36]) activities of daily life, and multimorbidity (OR = 2.06 [1.04 - 4.08]) were independently associated with mobility limitation. A low level of physical activity increases the chance of mobility limitation in older adults, regardless of sociodemographic and clinical variables.


Resumo Vários estudos são limitados por meio da verificação do nível de atividade física com questionários, mas não possuem medidas objetivas em adultos mais velhos. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a associação entre um baixo nível de atividade física e limitação de mobilidade em idosos. Um estudo transversal de base populacional realizado com 543 idosos. A análise múltipla da regressão foi realizada usando a análise hierárquica, agrupando as variáveis em dois blocos ordenados de acordo com a precedência com que atuaram sobre os resultados. Entre os idosos avaliados, 13,7% apresentaram limitações de mobilidade e entre estes 60,39% estavam no baixo nível de atividade física. Idosos com um baixo nível de atividade física (OR = 3,49 [2,0 - 6,13]), com idade igual ou superior a 75 anos (OR = 1,97 [1,03 - 3,72]), vivendo sem parceiro (OR = 2,01 [1,09 - 3,68]), dificuldade de viver sem um parceiro (OR = 2,01 [1,09 - 3,68]), dificuldades com atividades básicas (OR = 2,49 [1,45 - 4,28]) e as atividades instrumentais (OR = 2.28) [1.18 - 4.36]) atividades da vida do dia a dia e multimobilidade (OR = 2,06 [1,04 - 4,08]) foram associadas independentemente à mobilidade. Um baixo nível de atividade física aumenta a possibilidade de limitação da mobilidade em adultos idosos, independentemente das variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Exercise , Mobility Limitation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Multimorbidity
12.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 48-55, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356308

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Nothing is known about ischemic heart disease (IHD) in the Germans who emigrated to Brazil during the last century. Objective We sought to compare age at diagnosis and IHD manifestations between German immigrants and their first-generation descendants in the region of Blumenau, Brazil. Methods We reviewed medical records of hospitals in Blumenau. Comparison of the groups in the evaluation times was made by analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures, and comparison of two factors was made by two-way ANOVA. The level of significance was set at p <0.05. Results Study population comprised 68 patients who were born in Germany (group G) and 99 descendants (group D). Twenty-nine patients of group D had two German parents and 70 had one. Mean age at diagnosis was 66.8 ± 10.6 years, with a significant difference between the groups, four years higher in Group G than group D (69.0 ± 8.8 vs 65.4 ± 11.5 years old) (p = 0.025). There was no significant difference in risk factors or coronary angiography data between the groups. HDL cholesterol levels were significantly higher in group G than in group D (48.4 ± 11.1 mg/dL vs 43.3 ± 11.2 mg/dL, p = 0.005). Conclusion At the time of first IHD diagnosis, mean age of the group G was significantly higher than group D, with no differences between groups in sex, risk factors, LDL levels, or clinical and angiographic manifestations. An earlier manifestation of the disease could be part of lifestyle changes in descendants, in this population that mantained eating habits characterized by high saturated fat consumption.

14.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 115-122, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357461

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity due to non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) constitutes a significant challenge for healthcare systems. To attenuate its impacts, it is essential to identify the sociodemographic determinants of this condition, which can discriminate against population segments that are more exposed. OBJECTIVE: To identify associations between multimorbidity conditions and sociodemographic indicators among Brazilian adults and older adults. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional telephone-based survey in 26 Brazilian state capitals and the federal district. METHODS: The Vigitel 2013 survey was used, with data collected via a questionnaire. The outcome was multimorbidity (2, 3 or 4 NCDs), and the exposures were sociodemographic indicators (age, sex, skin color, marital status and education). The analysis consisted of multinomial logistic regression (odds ratio), stratified by age. RESULTS: Among adults, multimorbidity comprising two, three or four diseases was associated with advancing age (P < 0.001); two and three diseases, with having a partner (P = 0.004 and P < 0.001, respectively); and two, three or four diseases, with lower education (P < 0.001). Among older adults, two, three or four diseases were associated with female sex (P < 0.001); three diseases, with living with a partner (P = 0.018); two diseases, with black skin color (P = 0.016); and two or three diseases, with lower education (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: To control and prevent multimorbidity, strategies for individuals with existing chronic diseases, with partners and with lower education levels are needed. Particularly for adults, advancing age should be considered; and for older adults, being a woman and having black skin color.

15.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(1): 24-32, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357472

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies focusing on multisite musculoskeletal pain have revealed that the prevalence of multisite pain is high in general populations. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain in the last 12 months and in the last seven days, in a population-based sample and investigate its association with demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, reported morbidity and ergonomic variables. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional population-based survey in Bauru, São Paulo (Brazil). METHODS: 600 individuals were interviewed. The following data were collected: participants' characteristics, through a precoded questionnaire; physical activity level, through the International Physical Activity Questionnaire; and musculoskeletal symptoms, through the Nordic questionnaire. Descriptive, bivariate and Poisson regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain was 46.5% (confidence interval, CI 42.5 to 50.5) in the last 12 months and 26.1% (CI 22.8 to 29.8) in the last seven days. The variables associated with multisite pain in the last 12 months were female sex, presence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or depression, watching TV more than three times a week and working in a seated position. Formerly smoking was a protection factor. The variables associated with multisite pain in the last seven days were female sex, age group 60 years and over, low income, presence of comorbidities of hypertension, diabetes mellitus or depression and working in a seated position. CONCLUSION: There was high prevalence of multisite musculoskeletal pain, which was associated with demographic, socioeconomic, work-related, electronic device-related and reported morbidity variables.

16.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 305-309, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366034

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Meningitis is listed as one of the diseases requiring compulsory notification in Brazil. It can affect all age groups and also has no seasonality. Cases can be recorded in all months of the year and in all states of Brazil. Despite its importance, the obligation of immediate notification may have been compromised by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the immediate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on compulsory notifications of meningitis in Brazil and its states during the first wave of the pandemic. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was an ecological study involving all confirmed cases of meningitis in Brazil, in its regions and in its states. METHODS: Data for the months from 2015 to 2020 were obtained from the database of the Notifiable Diseases Information System (Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, SINAN), in the Department of Informatics of the National Health System (Departamento de Informática do Sistema Único de Saúde, DATASUS). The P-score was used to obtain the percentage change in the numbers of cases reported in 2020. RESULTS: A 45.7% reduction in notifications of meningitis in Brazil was observed. Regarding the regions and the states, with the exception of Roraima, all of them showed a negative P-score, with decreasing curves each month. CONCLUSION: The pandemic caused a negative impact on meningitis notifications in Brazil.

17.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 268-277, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366040

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is a common neoplasm in women worldwide. Its varying patterns of incidence and clinical prognosis in Brazil make it an important and complex public health problem that needs to be solved. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the temporal dynamics of hospital admissions and deaths due to female breast cancer in the state of Alagoas, Brazil, from 2009 to 2019. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study including secondary data from hospital admissions and deaths due to female breast cancer in Alagoas. METHODS: A joinpoint regression model was constructed for temporal analysis of hospital admissions and deaths due to female breast cancer in Alagoas, over this period. The hospital information system of the Department of Informatics of the National Health System was used. RESULTS: There were 5,801 hospitalizations and 633 hospital deaths due to neoplasm in Alagoas over the period. The age group from 50 to 59 years old stood out, corresponding to 28.1% of hospitalizations and 31.1% of registered deaths. An increasing trend in the rate of hospital admissions was observed (average annual percentage change, AAPC = 14.0; P-value < 0.001), from 14.9/100,000 inhabitants in 2009 to 53.6 in 2019. There was a growth trend in the in-hospital mortality rate (AAPC = 19.8; P-value < 0.001), from 6.3% in 2009 to 11.0% in 2019. CONCLUSION: The results indicated an increasing trend of hospital admissions and mortality rates in the state of Alagoas, with a higher percentage of hospitalizations and deaths in the 50-59 age group.

18.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 278-283, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366041

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted diseases (STIs) are an important public health problem in all countries. Knowledge of their relationship with the various socioeconomic levels is necessary for an understanding of their epidemiology and behavior in society. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients and to correlate education with history of sexually transmitted diseases, especially for syphilis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analytical cross-sectional study carried out in the city of Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHODS: The medical records of HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients who started antiretroviral therapy (ART) between January 2010 and July 2018 were assessed. These patients were attended at the specialized assistance service for HIV/AIDS) of the Department of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD/AIDS) of the city of Juiz de Fora. In total, 335 patients were selected. RESULTS: In our sample, 73.13% were male; 57.36% were aged between 25 and 45 years and 24.23% were over 45 years of age. Regarding sexual orientation, 61.78% were homosexual. Regarding education, 52.88% had "unskilled education", while 47.12% had "qualified education". Analysis on the relationship between schooling and syphilis, a positive relationship between qualified schooling and syphilis was observed: odds ratio = 3.588; 95% confidence interval: 1.090-11.808. CONCLUSION: Homosexual male patients are most affected by HIV. Furthermore, this disease is not limited only to individuals with low education. Syphilis should be suspected in all individuals.

19.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 15(1): e9788, abr./jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368068

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se analisar a tendência temporal das taxas de incidência dos casos de HIV/Aids no noroeste do Estado do Paraná. Estudo ecológico, de análise de séries temporais com dados referentes às notificações de HIV/Aids na 15ª Regional de Saúde do Estado do Paraná no período de 2009 a 2019. O acesso ao sistema de informação de notificação e agravos ocorreu no mês de junho de 2020. Foi utilizado o teste de Mann-Kendall para verificar a existência de tendência nas séries anuais de casos. A série total apresentou tendência crescente, e o aumento mais expressivo foi em homens (tau de 0,96) acima de 65 anos e de 20 a 34 anos (0,64 e 0,56, respectivamente), com ensino superior e médio (0,89 e 0,78, respectivamente). Não houve aumento significativo nos óbitos. Observou-se crescimento da tendência temporal na maioria das taxas analisadas de incidência dos casos de HIV/Aids.


This study aimed to analyze the temporal trend of incidence rates of HIV/Aids cases in the northwest of the State of Paraná. Ecological study of analysis of time series with data referring to notifications of HIV/Ais in the 15th Regional Health of the State of Paraná, from 2009 to 2019. The access to notification and health problems information system occurred in the month of June 2020. The Mann-Kendall test was used to verify the existence of a trend in the annual case series. The total grade showed an increasing trend, the most significant increase was in men (tau of 0.96), over 65 years old and between 20 and 34 years old (0.64 and 0.56, respectively), with university education and high school (0.89 and 0.78, respectively). There was no significant increase in death rates. There was an increase in the temporal trend in most of the analyzed incidence rates of HIV/Aids cases.

20.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 533-542, fev 11, 2022. tab, fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359311

ABSTRACT

Introdução: as internações por causas sensíveis à atenção primária (ICSAP) constituem-se como um indicador da efetividade da atenção básica. Objetivo: Analisar o perfil clínico-epidemiológico das ICSAP pediátricas no Hospital Universitário Júlio Bandeira entre 2015 e 2016. Metodologia: estudo documental, transversal, realizado com os prontuários das crianças internadas. A pesquisa foi submetida ao comitê de ética em pesquisa e aprovada pelo parecer 2048056. Resultados: das 866 internações do período, 338 foram da lista brasileira de ICSAP, com pico em abril e maio nos dois anos investigados. As gastroenterites infecciosas e complicações foram o principal grupo de internações, e faixa etária mais atingida foi entre um e quatro anos. A participação de internações do sexo masculino foi menor entre ICSAP (p = 0,047). As ICSAP apresentaram maiores proporções de uso de soro glicosado (p < 0,001) e cristaloides (p < 0,001), passaram mais frequentemente por restrição alimentar (p < 0,001) e sumário de urina (p < 0,001). Por outro lado, a chance de passar por um exame de imagem (p < 0,001) ou qualquer exame complementar (p = 0,020) foi maior nas demais internações. Nas crianças com ICSAP se usou menos a radiografia (p < 0,001), hemograma (p = 0,020) e os exames de imagem (p < 0,001). Conclusão: este estudo apontou uma distribuição sazonal das internações evitáveis, além de utilizarem mais recursos terapêuticos para reposição volêmica e necessitarem de menos exames complementares, em comparação com as demais internações.


Introduction: ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSC) are an indicator of the effectiveness of primary care. Objective: to analyze the clinical-epidemiological profile of pediatric ACSC at the Júlio Bandeira University Hospital between 2015 and 2016. Method: documentary, cross-sectional study carried out with the medical records of hospitalized children. The research was submitted to the Research Ethics Committee and approved by opinion 2048056. Results: of the 866 hospitalizations in the period, 338 were from the Brazilian list of ACSC, with a peak in April and May in the two years investigated. Infectious gastroenteritis and complications were the main group of hospitalizations, and the most affected age group was between one and four years. The participation of male hospitalization was lower among ACSC (p = 0.047). The ACSC had higher proportions of use of glucose serum (p < 0.001) and crystalloids (p < 0.001), often went through food restrictions (p < 0.001) and urine summary (p < 0.001). On the other hand, the chance of undergoing an imaging exam (p < 0.001) or any complementary exam (p = 0.020) was higher in other hospitalizations. In children with ACSC, radiography (p < 0.001), blood count (p = 0.020) and imaging tests (p < 0.001) were less used. Conclusion: this study showed a seasonal distribution of avoidable hospitalizations, in addition to using more therapeutic resources for volume replacement and requiring fewer complementary exams, compared to other hospitalizations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Pediatrics , Primary Health Care , Epidemiology , Hospitalization , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Evaluation Studies as Topic
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL