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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the correlation of cytochrome B-245 alpha chain (CYBA) rs4673 and cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) rs12720922 polymorphisms with the susceptibility of gene-ralized aggressive periodontitis (GAgP).@*METHODS@#The study was a case-control trial. A total of 372 GAgP patients and 133 periodontally healthy controls were recruited. The CYBA rs4673 and CETP rs12720922 polymorphisms were detected by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Logistic regression models were used to analyze the correlation of CYBA rs4673 and CETP rs12720922 variants with the susceptibility of GAgP. The interaction between the two gene polymorphisms to the susceptibility of GAgP was analyzed by the likelihood ratio test. The interaction model adopted was the multiplication model.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of GAgP group and control group was (27.5±5.2) years and (28.8±7.1) years respectively. There was significant difference in age between the two groups (P < 0.05). The gender distribution (male/female) was 152/220 and 53/80 respectively, and there was no significant difference between GAgP group and controls (P>0.05). For CYBA rs4673, the frequency of CT/TT genotype in the GAgP group was significantly higher than that in the controls [18.0% (66/366) vs. 10.6% (14/132), P < 0.05]. After adjusting age and gender, the individuals with CT/TT genotype had a higher risk of GAgP (OR=1.86, 95%CI: 1.01-3.45, P < 0.05), compared with CC genotype. There was no statistically significant difference in distributions of the CETP rs12720922 genotypes (GG, AA/AG) between GAgP patients and healthy controls (P>0.05). A significant interaction between CYBA rs4673 and CETP rs12720922 in the susceptibility to GAgP was observed. The GAgP risk of the individuals with CYBA rs4673 CT/TT and CETP rs12720922 GG genotypes was significantly increased (OR=3.25, 95%CI: 1.36-7.75, P < 0.01), compared with those carrying CC and AA/AG genotypes.@*CONCLUSION@#CYBA rs4673 CT/TT genotype is associated with GAgP susceptibility. There is a significant interaction between CYBA rs4673 CT/TT genotype and CETP rs12720922 GG genotype in the susceptibility of GAgP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aggressive Periodontitis/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Cholesterol Ester Transfer Proteins/genetics , Cytochrome b Group , Female , Gene Frequency , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Humans , Male , NADPH Oxidases/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928710

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the expression level of serum homocysteine (Hcy) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene polymorphism in patients with hematological diseases complicated with coronary heart disease, and analyze the relationship between serum Hcy level, MTHFR gene polymorphism and coronary heart disease.@*METHODS@#The medical records of 80 patients with coronary heart disease who completed treatment of hematological diseases during the period from March 2018 to March 2020 were selected as observation group. In addition, the medical records of 92 patients with hematological diseases who completed treatment in our hospital during the same period were selected as control group. Venous blood samples of the two groups were collected to detect serum Hcy level and MTHFR gene polymorphism. The serum Hcy levels of the two groups with different MTHFR genotypes were compared, and the effects of the above indicators on hematological diseases complicated with coronary heart disease were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The detection rates of MTHFR gene TT and TC in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, while the distribution frequency of MTHFR genotype CC was lower (P<0.05). The serum Hcy levels of the patients with MTHFR genotype TT and TC in the observation group was higher than the control group (P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that MTHFR gene TC/CC genotype serum Hcy overexpression may be influencing factor which induced coronary heart disease in patients with hematological diseases (OR=2.107/OR=1.634, P<0.05). ROC curves showed that the AUC of serum Hcy level of MTHFR gene TC/CC genotype and hematological disease complicated with coronary heart disease were both > 0.8. When MTHFR gene TC reaching the optimal threshold of 22.165 μmol/L, the sensitivity was 0.950 and the specificity was 0.837, While MTHFR gene CC reached the optimal threshold of 19.630 μmol/L, the sensitivity was 0.938 and the specificity was 0.826, the best predictive value could be obtained.@*CONCLUSION@#The changes of serum Hcy and MTHFR gene polymorphisms may be involved in the pathological process in patients with hematological diseases complicated with coronary heart disease. In the future, early detection of serum Hcy levels and MTHFR gene polymorphisms in patients with hematological diseases can be used to predict the risk of coronary heart disease.


Subject(s)
Coronary Disease/genetics , Genotype , Hematologic Diseases/complications , Homocysteine , Humans , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the distribution characteristics of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene polymorphism in children with primary hypertension, and to explore the association between MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism and H-type hypertension in children.@*METHODS@#A total of 121 children with primary hypertension who were hospitalized in the department of cardiovascular medicine from January to July 2021, newly diagnosed, and untreated were retrospectively selected as the subjects. The children were divided into three groups: CC genotype (19 children), CT genotype (51 children), and TT genotype (51 children). According to the serum homocysteine (Hcy) level, they were divided two groups: H-type hypertension (47 children) and simple hypertension (74 children). The medical data were compared between the groups. The association between MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism and H-type hypertension was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The mutation frequency of T allele in children with primary hypertension was significantly higher than that in healthy adults in Beijing and Chinese Han adults (P<0.001). The serum Hcy level in the TT genotype group was significantly higher than that in the CC and CT genotype groups (P<0.001). The serum Hcy level in the H-type hypertension group was significantly higher than that in the simple hypertension group (P<0.001), and MTHFR C677T was mostly TT genotype, which was associated with the risk of H-type hypertension (OR=12.71, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence rate of target organ damage between the H-type hypertension and simple hypertension groups (P>0.05). However, multiple organ involvement was observed in the H-type hypertension group at diagnosis, accounting for 11% (5/47).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The mutation rate of MTHFR C677T T allele in children with primary hypertension is high and associated with the serum Hcy level. TT genotype is an independent risk factor for H-type hypertension in children, and it may be related to the severity of early target organ damage.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Child , Genotype , Humans , Hypertension/genetics , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920741

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the polymorphism of Plasmodium lactate dehydrogenase (pLDH) gene and predict B-cell epitopes in pLDH peptides in four species of human malaria parasites. Methods The blood samples and epidemiological characteristics were collected from malaria cases in Yunnan Province registered in the National Notifiable Disease Report System. The pLDH genes of four human Plasmodium species were amplified using nested PCR assay and sequenced. The polymorphisms of pLDH genes was analyzed using the software MEGA version 7.0.26 and DnaSP version 5.10, and the B-cell epitopes were predicted in pLDH peptides using the Immune Epitope Database (IEDB). Results The sequences of P. vivax LDH (PvLDH), P. falciparum LDH (PfLDH), P. ovale LDH (PoLDH) and P. malariae LDH (PmLDH) genes were obtained from 153, 29, 17 and 11 blood samples from patients with P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. ovale and P. malariae malaria, respectively, which included 15, 2, 4 and 2 haplotypes and had a nucleotide diversity (π) of 0.104. A high level of intra-species differentiation was seen in the PoLDH gene (π = 0.012), and the π values were all < 0.001 for PvLDH, PfLDH and PmLDH genes. Active regions of B-cell antigen were predicted in the pLDH peptide chain of four human malaria parasites, of 4 to 5 in each chain, and the activity score was approximately 0.430. Among these peptide chains, the “86-PGKSDKEWNRD-96” short-peptide was a B-cell epitope shared by all four species of human malaria parasites, and the “266-GQYGHS (T)-271” short-peptide was present in PvLDH and PoLDH peptide chains, while “212-EEVEGIFDR-220” was only found in the PvLDH peptide chain, and “208-LISDAE-213” was only seen in the PfLDH peptide chain. Conclusions The PoLDH gene polymorphism may be derived from the weak negative purification selection, while PvLDH, PfLDH and PmLDH genes may maintain a relatively conservative state. There may be two B-cell epitopes “212-EEVEGIFDR-220” and “208-LISDAE-213” in the proximal region of the C terminal in the pLDH peptide chain, which is feasible to differentiate between P. vivax and P. falciparum infections.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939671

ABSTRACT

Apnea of prematurity (AOP) is one of the common diseases in preterm infants. The main cause of AOP is immature development of the respiratory control center. If AOP is not treated timely and effectively, it will lead to respiratory failure, hypoxic brain injury, and even death in severe cases. Caffeine is the first choice for the treatment of AOP, but its effectiveness varies in preterm infants. With the deepening of AOP research, more and more genetic factors have been confirmed to play important roles in the pathogenesis and treatment of AOP; in particular, the influence of single nucleotide polymorphism on the efficacy of caffeine has become a research hotspot in recent years. This article reviews the gene polymorphisms that affect the efficacy of caffeine, in order to provide a reference for individualized caffeine therapy. Citation.


Subject(s)
Apnea/genetics , Caffeine/therapeutic use , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 279-284, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Wuzhi capsules on tacrolimus trough concentration in kidney transplant recipients with different CYP3A5 genotypes.Methods:From June 2015 to October 2019, 162 patients who underwent renal transplantation for the first time were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups, combined and uncombined, according to whether combined with Wuzhi capsules. There were 81 cases in the uncombined group (55 males and 26 females), and 81 in the combined group (62 males and 19 females). There was no significant difference between the two groups( P=0.219). The ages of the uncombined group and the combined group were (39.26±11.91) years old and (37.21±10.88) years old ( P=0.103), the weights were (62.39±11.64) kg and (66.18±13.89)kg ( P=0.298), systolic blood pressure were (147.28±20.24) mmHg and (145.00±16.42) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)( P=0.276), diastolic blood pressure were (92.25±13.87) mmHg and (92.20±12.53) mmHg ( P=0.886), alanine aminotransferase were (12.24±8.59) U/L and (17.06±13.11) U/L ( P=0.015), aspartate aminotransferase were (17.76±9.12) U/L and (16.57±8.37) U/L ( P=0.463), fasting blood glucose were (8.70±3.48) mmol/L and (7.18±2.74)mmol/L ( P=0.006), hemoglobin were (98.96±17.53) g/L and (101.05±18.67) g/L ( P=0.789), creatinine were (665.22±296.55) μmol/L and (797.32±279.32) μmol/L ( P=0.007), estimated glomerular filtration rate were (11.47±14.11) ml/(min·1.73m 2) and (8.85±3.71) ml/(min·1.73m 2) ( P=0.130)in the kidney transplant recipients before surgery. Among the 162 cases in this study, there were 86 cases (53.09%) of CYP3A5*1*3 genotype, 17 cases (10.49%) of CYP3A5*1*1 genotype, 59 cases (36.42%) of CYP3A5*3*3 genotype, and the minimum allele frequency of CYP3A5*1 was 37.04%. In the uncombined group, CYP3A5*1*3 genotype 39 cases (48.15%), CYP3A5*1*1 genotype 5 cases (6.17%), and CYP3A5*3*3 genotype 37 cases (45.68%). In the combined group, CYP3A5*1*3 genotype 47 cases (58.02%), CYP3A5*1*1 genotype 12 cases (14.81%), and CYP3A5*3*3 genotype 22 cases (27.16%), with statistically significant differences in the two groups ( P=0.024). The patients were treated with a triple immunosuppressive regimen (tacrolimus+ mycophenolate mofetil+ glucocorticoid) based on tacrolimus [initial dose: 0.15-0.30 mg/(kg·d)], combination of Wuzhi capsules in the combination group (11.25 mg, twice a day). The trough concentration of tacrolimus was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, compare the difference in the trough concentration of tacrolimus between the two groups. The relationship between the effect of Wuzhi capsules and CYP3A5 gene polymorphism was compared, and compare the changes before and after the application of CYP3A5 genotype combined with Wuzhi Capsules. The influencing factors of tacrolimus trough concentration were analyzed by multiple linear regression. Results:In the combined with Wuzhi capsules, the dose corrected trough concentration (C 0/D) of tacrolimus was higher than that in patients without Wuzhi capsules, and the extent of increase was related to genotype. The C 0/D of tacrolimus in patients with CYP3A5*3*3 genotype in the combination and non-combination groups were (12.15±2.95) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) and (9.99±2.33) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) ( P=0.004), CYP3A5*1*3 genotype were (11.11±3.20) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) and (6.86±1.62) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) ( P<0.001), and there were significant difference. However, CYP3A5*1*1 genotype were(8.29±2.64) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) and (6.16±2.87) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) ( P=0.160), there was no significant difference. The tacrolimus C 0/D of the combined group before and after the Wuzhi capsule were as follows: CYP3A5*3*3 genotype: (7.18±2.33)(ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) and (13.33±3.09) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) ( P<0.001); CYP3A5*1*3 genotype: (5.14±2.14) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) and (10.61±3.20) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) ( P<0.001); CYP3A5*1*1 genotype: (5.17±3.75) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1) and (8.31±2.74) (ng·ml -1/0.1mg·kg -1·d -1)( P=0.002), and the differences were statistically significant. The results of multiple linear regression showed that the combination of Wuzhi capsules (β=0.508, P<0.001) and CYP3A5 genotype(CYP3A5*1*3 and CYP3A5*3*3: β=-0.361, P<0.001; CYP3A5*1*1 and CYP3A5*3*3: β=-0.425, P<0.001)could influence the trough concentration. The sex (β=-0.100, P=0.124) and age (β=-0.003, P=0.967) of renal transplant recipients had no statistical significance to tacrolimus C 0/D. Conclusions:In the renal transplant patients, CYP3A5 genotype and combined use of Wuzhi capsules are the main factors affecting tacrolimus C 0/D. In order to achieve the expected trough concentration as soon as possible, the interaction between CYP3A5 genotypes and drug combination should be considered.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 530-535, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932535

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of SCN1A gene polymorphism (SCN1A-rs3812718) on the alterations of spontaneous brain activity using amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) of MR in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).Methods:A total of 37 TLE patients (TLE group) admitted to the Epilepsy Center of the 900th Hospital of Joint Logistic Team from March 2018 to August 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, and another 28 healthy volunteers matched for gender, age, and years of education with the TLE group were selected as the healthy control group (HC group). Sixty-five subjects were divided into four groups by genotype and diagnosis: 34 cases in AA/AG-TLE subgroup, 3 cases in GG-TLE subgroup, 20 cases in AA/AG-HC subgroup and 8 cases in GG-HC subgroup. All subjects underwent sagittal 3D-T 1WI and resting-state functional MRI using a Siemens 3.0 T Trio Tim MR scanner. Then ALFF values of the four groups were calculated using DPABI by the MATLAB 2010 platform. The ALFF values between two groups were compared by independent samples t-test. The ALFF values of different genotypes at rs3812718 locus in TLE and HC group were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance to find out the corresponding brain regions with interaction, and then post hoc simple effect analysis was performed. Results:The ALFF values in TLE group significantly increased in left marginal lobe, left parahippocampal gyrus, left fusiform gyrus, left hippocampus, right insular lobe and right inferior temporal gyrus (Alphasim corrected P<0.001) and decreased in the left superior frontal gyrus, left middle frontal gyrus, left inferior frontal gyrus, right middle frontal gyrus, right precuneus, left precuneus, bilateral cingulate gyrus and right angular gyrus (Alphasim correction P<0.05) compared with HC group. Subjects carrying the non-risk G allele had higher ALFF values in the right inferior temporal gyrus, right fusiform gyrus, and right cerebellum than subjects carrying the risk A allele ( t=3.30, Alphasim corrected P=0.002). There was a significant interaction effect on posterior cerebellar lobe, left anterior cerebellar lobe, left inferior temporal gyrus, left superior parietal lobule and right precuneus of TLE patients with SCN1A-rs3812718 genotype. Post-hoc simple effect analysis showed that ALFF significantly increased in the left posterior cerebellar lobe, left anterior cerebellar lobe, left inferior temporal gyrus and left fusiform gyrus in GG-TLE subgroup ( t=5.97, P<0.001), but significantly decreased in the right superior parietal lobule, right precuneus, right posterior cerebellar lobe in AA/AG-TLE subgroup compared to the HC group. Compared with GG-TLE subgroup, ALFF in left posterior cerebellar lobe, left fusiform gyrus and left inferior temporal gyrus decreased in AA/AG-TLE subgroup. Conclusion:SCN1A gene polymorphism in the rs3812718 locus affects spontaneous neural activity in resting state, which may be one of the pathophysiological mechanisms of TLE.

8.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 244-249, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932183

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association between recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) gene polymorphism in pregnant women of appropriate age, and to observe the difference of the serum concentration of patients with different MTHFR genotypes after taking different does of folic acid.Methods:A prospective case-control study was conducted, one handred and eleven pregnant women with a history of unexplained RSA and gestation less than 12 weeks who visited the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Xuancheng People's Hospital of Anhui Province from January 2019 to June 2021 were enrolled into the RSA group, and 100 normal women of childbearing age in the same area with no history of abortion were included in the control group. After venous blood was extracted, the polymorphisms of MTHFR gene C677T, A1298C PAI-1 and the serum folic acid concentration were detected.The comparison between the measurement data groups with normal distribution adopts t-test, and the counting data adopts t-test χ 2 test, Logistic regression analysis was used for multivariate analysis. Results:The genotype and allele of MTHFR C677T (CC:21.62%(24/111) and 51.00%(51/100), TT: 28.83%(32/111) and 12%(12/100)) and allele (C: 46.40%(103/222) and 69.50% (139/200), T: 53.60%(119/222) and 30.50%(61/200)) and PAI-1 (5G5G: 22.52%(25/111) and 48.00%(48/100), 4G4G: 44.14%(49/111)and 16.00%(16/100); 5G: 39.19%(87/222) and 66.00%(132/200), 4G: 60.81%(135/222) and 34.00%(68/200)) were significantly different (χ 2 values were 21.82, 22.96 and 23.51, 30.30; all P <0.001) between the RSA group and control group. Logistic analysis showed that MTHFR C677T ( OR=0.477, 95% CI 0.303-0.750) and PAI-1 genotype ( OR=0.451, 95% CI 0.306-0.665) were closely related to recurrent abortion ( P=0.001 and P<0.001). There were no significant differences in genotype and allele of MTHFR A1298C between the two groups ( P values were 0.270 and 0.149).There was no significant difference in serum concentration of folic acid between the two groups ( P=0.355 for 0.4 mg folic acid and P=0.786 for 0.8 mg or more folic acid) at the same dose of folic acid. Conclusion:The occurrence of recurrent spontaneous abortion in women of childbearing age may be related to MTHFR C677T and PAI-1 site mutation, and may not be related to MTHFR A1298C site mutation.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931903

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences of regulator of G protein signaling 4 (RGS4) gene polymorphisms and methylation between schizophrenia and healthy controls, as well as the association between gene polymorphisms and methylation.Methods:A total of 129 schizophrenia patients and 131 healthy controls from Southen Fujian were enrolled in this study. The peripheral blood DNA of all the subjects was extracted.The three polymorphic loci of RGS4 (rs10759, rs12753561 and rs951436) were amplified, sequenced, and then genotyped. In addition, 32 subjects were randomly selected from the two groups respectively and the gene methylation level of RGS4 was detected by sequencing after bisulfite treatment. SPSS 20.0 software was used for data analysis. The χ2 test and independent sample t-test were used to analyze the difference of gene methylation of RGS4.Two-way ANOVA was used to analyze the association between RGS4 gene polymorphism and methylation. Results:There were three genotypes of AA, AC and CC for rs10759 locus in the subjects of patient group and control group. And the distribution difference of genotypes between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2=6.431, P=0.040), but there was no significant difference in allele frequency( χ2=1.270, P=0.260). For rs12753561, there were three genotypes of GG, GT and TT, and their distribution of genotypes was significantly different ( χ2=6.217, P=0.045). There was no significant difference for the allele frequency for rs12753561( χ2=0.021, P=0.885). For rs951436, there were three genotypes of AA, AC and CC, and there were no significant difference in genotype distribution and allele frequency distribution between the two groups( χ2=0.008, 0.007, both P>0.05). Methylated CpG sites were found in 26 patients and 27 healthy controls, and these were no significant difference between the two groups( χ2=0.110, P=0.740). There was no significant difference ( t=-0.318, P=0.752) of individual methylation rate (number of methylation sites/10) between schizophrenia patient group (0.24±0.11) and healthy control group (0.26±0.18). There was also no significant difference of methylation rate between male and female in both groups(both P>0.05). Finally, there was no significant difference of individual methylation rate among rs10759, rs12753561 and rs951436 genotypes (all P>0.05). Conclusion:RGS4 rs10759 and rs12753561 genotypes may be involved in schizophrenia, while RGS4 gene methylation has no association with schizophrenia. In addition, RGS4 gene polymorphism has no association with the methylation in the current experimental setting.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 425-430, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931564

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory response is an important immune mechanism of the body, formyl peptide receptor (FPR) 1 is a pattern recognition receptor expressed in immune cells, and its binding with ligands is the basis for immune cells to realize various physiological functions in infectious inflammation. FPR1 plays an important role in inflammatory response, and changes in amino acids caused by its gene polymorphism affect a variety of diseases. Plague is an inflammatory disease caused by Yersinia pestis. Yersinia pestis, its pathogen, has a strong ability of immune escape and attacks on host immune cells. In this paper, FPR structural characteristics, expression and distribution, FPR1 gene polymorphism, ligand and its relationship with plague are reviewed, with a view to further understanding the role of FPR1 in the occurrence and development of plague.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929831

ABSTRACT

Some children with neonatal jaundice may have prolonged neonatal jaundice, and the regression of jaundice is delayed for 2~3 months.The severe complication is nuclear jaundice, which is manifested as irreversible nervous system damage.Therefore, neonatal jaundice has become an important global concern problem.At present, the pathogenesis of prolonged neonatal jaundice is not clear.Recent studies have found that genetic factors are closely related to prolonged neonatal jaundice.In this review, the research progress of common gene polymorphism and prolonged neonatal jaundice are summarized.

12.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 126-134, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929217

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#High on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity could be partially explained by loss-of-function alleles of CYP2C19, the enzyme that converts clopidogrel into its active form. Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pill (STDP) is a traditional Chinese medicine to treat angina pectoris. STDP has been shown to improve blood flow in patients with slow coronary flow and attenuate atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. However, whether STDP can affect platelet function remains unknown.@*OBJECTIVE@#The purpose of this study is to examine the potential effects of STDP on platelet function in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for unstable angina. The interaction between the effects of STDP with polymorphisms of CYP2C19 was also investigated.@*DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a single-center, randomized controlled trial in patients undergoing elective PCI for unstable angina. Eligible subjects were randomized to receive STDP (210 mg per day) plus dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with clopidogrel and aspirin or DAPT alone.@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was platelet function, reflected by adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-induced platelet aggregation and platelet microparticles (PMPs). The secondary outcomes were major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) including recurrent ischemia or myocardial infarction, repeat PCI and cardiac death; blood biomarkers for myocardial injury including creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) and high-sensitive troponin I (hsTnI); and biomarkers for inflammation including intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and galectin-3.@*RESULTS@#A total of 118 subjects (mean age: [66.8 ± 8.9] years; male: 59.8%) were included into analysis: 58 in the control group and 60 in the STDP group. CYP2C19 genotype distribution was comparable between the 2 groups. In comparison to the control group, the STDP group had significantly lower CK-MB (P < 0.05) but similar hsTnI (P > 0.05) at 24 h after PCI, lower ICAM-1, VCAM-1, MCP-1 and galectin-3 at 3 months (all P < 0.05) but not at 7 days after PCI (P > 0.05). At 3 months, the STDP group had lower PMP number ([42.9 ± 37.3] vs. [67.8 ± 53.1] counts/μL in the control group, P = 0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that STDP increased percentage inhibition of ADP-induced platelet aggregation only in slow metabolizers (66.0% ± 20.8% in STDP group vs. 36.0% ± 28.1% in the control group, P < 0.05), but not in intermediate or fast metabolizers. The rate of MACEs during the 3-month follow-up did not differ between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#STDP produced antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective effects. Subgroup analysis indicated that STDP inhibited residual platelet reactivity in slow metabolizers only.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#This study was registered on www.chictr.org.cn: ChiCTR-IPR-16009785.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Diphosphate , Angina, Unstable/chemically induced , Animals , Biomarkers , Clopidogrel , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Galectin 3 , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Male , Mice , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/adverse effects , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the vitamin D receptor gene ( VDR) with circulating lipids considering gender differences.@*METHODS@#Of the Han Chinese adults recruited from a health examination center for inclusion in the study, the circulating lipids, 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and other parameters were measured. The VDR SNPs of Cdx2 (rs11568820), Fok1 (rs2228570), Apa1 (rs7975232), and Taq1 (rs731236) were genotyped with a qPCR test using blood DNA samples, and their associations with lipids were analyzed using logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#In the female participants ( n = 236 with dyslipidemia and 888 without dyslipidemia), multiple genotype models of Fok1 indicated a positive correlation of B (not A) alleles with LDLC level ( P < 0.05). In the male participants ( n = 299 with dyslipidemia and 564 without dyslipidemia), the recessive model of Cdx2 and the additive and recessive models of Fok1 differed ( P < 0.05) between the HDLC-classified subgroups, respectively, and Fok1 BB and Cdx2 TT presented interactions with 25OHD in the negative associations with HDLC ( P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#In the Chinese Han adults included in the study, the Fok1 B-allele of VDR was associated with higher LDLC in females, and the Fok1 B-allele and the Cdx2 T-allele of VDR were associated with lower HDLC in males. The interaction of VD and Fok1 BB or Cdx2 TT in males synergistically decreased HDLC levels.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alleles , Asians/genetics , China/ethnology , Dyslipidemias/genetics , Female , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Lipids/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Sex Factors , Vitamin D/blood
14.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1513-1519, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927201

ABSTRACT

Metformin is the most common first-line oral hypoglycemic drug ,but there are large individual differences in pharmacokinetic parameters and pharmacodynamics during clinical use. The dosage of some patients should be adjusted to achieve satisfactory therapeutic effect. Pharmacokinetic parameters of metformin are affected by many factors ,including respects of transporter gene polymorphism ,drug interaction ,intestinal flora ,plateau hypoxia and physiological function and so on. In order to guide the clinical individualized use of metformin ,this study reviews the research progress on the influencing factors of metformin pharmacokinetics.

15.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(6): 556-563, nov.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357230

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Until now, only few studies have reported the correlation between vesicle-associated membrane protein-8 (VAMP-8) A/G gene polymorphism and acute myocardial infarction. Whereas, theoretically, VAMP-8 plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of acute myocardial infarction through platelet activation, secretion, and aggregation. Objective To investigate the association between VAMP-8 A/G gene polymorphism and the risk of acute myocardial infarction. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out at Saiful Anwar General Hospital during June 2013 - May 2014. A Mae II enzyme with restriction fragment length polymorphism method was used to genotype VAMP-8 A/G gene polymorphisms in acute myocardial infarction and control groups. A multiple logistic regression test was used to analyze the association between VAMP-8 A/G gene polymorphism and the risk of acute myocardial infarction. Results A total of 35 controls and 97 acute myocardial infarction patients from our Hospital during the period were enrolled for our study. Our results found that VAMP-8 A/G gene polymorphism was not associated with the risk of acute myocardial infarction. Moreover, we also failed to confer the association between VAMP-8 A/G gene polymorphism and both smoking and hypertension among patients with acute myocardial infarction. Furthermore, in the setting of premature acute myocardial infarction, the correlation also failed to confirm. Conclusion In our population, there is no association between VAMP-8 A/G gene polymorphism and the risk of acute myocardial infarction.


Resumen Introducción Hasta la fecha, solo unos pocos estudios han reportado la correlación entre el polimorfismo A/G del gen de la proteína de membrana asociada a vesículas-8 (VAMP-8, por sus siglas en inglés) y el infarto agudo de miocardio. Si bien, en teoría, VAMP-8 juega un papel fundamental en la patogénesis del infarto agudo de miocardio a través de la activación, secreción y agregación plaquetaria. Objetivo Investigar la relación entre el polimorfismo A/G del gen VAMP-8 y el riesgo de infarto agudo de miocardio. Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal en Siful Anwar General Hospital entre junio del 2013 y mayo del 2014. Se utilizó la técnica de polimorfismos de longitud de fragmentos de restricción con la enzima Mae II para genotipificar los polimorfismos A/G del gen VAMP-8 en grupos de infarto agudo de miocardio y de control. Se aplicó una prueba de regresión logística múltiple para analizar la relación entre el polimorfismo A/G del gen VAMP-8 y el riesgo de infarto agudo de miocardio. Resultados Se incluyeron un total de 35 controles y 97 pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio de nuestro Hospital durante el periodo del estudio. Nuestros resultados encontraron que el polimorfismo A/G del gen VAMP-8 no estaba relacionado con el riesgo de infarto agudo de miocardio. Por otra parte, tampoco pudimos establecer una relación entre el polimorfismo A/G del gen VAMP-8 y tanto tabaquismo como hipertensión en pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio. Asimismo, en el contexto de infarto agudo de miocardio prematuro, tampoco se confirmó la correlación. Conclusión: En nuestra población, no existe una relación entre el polimorfismo A/G del gen VAMP-8 y el riesgo de infarto agudo de miocardio.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862743

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation of plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels with the gene polymorphisms of homocysteine metabolic enzymes in physical examination in Nan Chong. Methods A cross-sectional study design was adopted. A total of 470 Han people who received physical examination in the outpatient clinic of Nanchong Central Hospital were enrolled in this study. Blood samples were collected from the research subjects, and general clinical data of the subjects were collected. The plasma Hcy level was determined by a commercial homocysteine assay kit. Genomic DNA was extracted, and a newly-developed technology (improved Multiplex Ligation Detection Reaction, iMLDR) was used to detect target genes and SNPs. The gene polymorphism of Hcy metabolism enzymes MTHFR C677T, MTHFR A1298C, MTR A2756G, and MTRR A66G was detected, and its correlation with plasma levels of Hcy was analyzed. Results (1) The distribution frequency of the heterozygous genotype of MTHFR C677T, MTHFR A1298C, MTR A2756G, and MTRR A66G was 46.38%, 35.32%, 17.45%, and 40.85%, while the distribution frequency of the homozygous genotype was 12.13%, 4.04%, 1.49%, and 7.66%, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in allele frequencies between male and female populations by chi-square test (2) The detection rate of hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) was 34.68%. There was significant difference in the levels of plasma Hcy among the three genotypes of MTHFR C677T, and the heterozygous genotype and homozygous genotype of MTHFR C677T increased the risk of HHcy by 2.97 times and 1.917 times, respectively. The genotypes of MTHFR A1298C, MTR A2756G, and MTRR A66G were not found to be correlated with the risk of HHcy. Conclusion MTHFR C677T CT and TT genotypes elevate the plasma Hcy level. The gene polymorphisms of MTHFR A1298C, MS A2756G and MTRR A66G are not risk factors for HHcy.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 433-440, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of blood concentration of cyclosporine (CsA) in patients with autoimmune disease in China, and analyze the effect of genetic polymorphisms of CsA-metabolizing enzymes, transporters and target enzymes on CsA levels.Methods:Steady-state trough blood concentrations (CsA C 0) of 193 patients' were detected by enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique. The genotype of the following sites in the included patients were sequenced by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR): cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A420230C>T, CYP3A56986A>G, ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1)1236C>T, ABCB12677G>T/A, ABCB13435C>T, cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (POR) 1508 C>T and formyl peptide receptor 1 (FPR1) C>G were sequenced by RT-PCR. The influence of the gene polymorphism of the above-mentioned sites on the blood concentration of CsA was analyzed by using One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), LSD- t test, Chi-square test. Results:One hundred and ninety-three patients included took CsA. The doses ranged from 75-200 mg/d and the patients' blood concentration distribution span was wide (33.0-313.8 ng/ml). The daily dose ( χ2=21.908, P=0.001) and age( F=4.262, P=0.006) had significant effect on the plasma concentration of CsA. ABCB12677G>T/A (rs2032582) gene polymorphism impacted on the unit dose of CsA C 0 (CsA C 0/d), CsA C 0/d [(0.81±0.42) ng·ml -1·mg -1] in wild type (GG) was higher than heterozygous mutant [GT/GA, (0.65±0.30) ng·ml -1·mg -1, P=0.023) and homozygous mutant (TT/AA/TA, (0.66±0.34) ng·ml -1·mg -1, P=0.039). Conclusion:The blood concentration of patients varies greatly among individuals. The Cold of CsA in wild type patients with ABCB12677G>T/A gene is signifficantly higher than that in mutant patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847148

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Urate transporters such as GLUT9, URAT1, NPT1 and ABCG2 are directly involved in the regulation of human serum uric acid levels. The gene polymorphism of urate transporter is closely related to the occurrence and development of gout. Therefore, the targeted therapy of urate transporter is a new way to treat gout. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the research progress of polymorphism expression of urate transporter in gout and its correlation with clinical drugs in recent years, therefore providing literature and theoretical basis for further exploration of personalized treatment of gout and hyperuricemia. METHODS: The first author searched CNKI, WanFang database and PubMed database. The key words were “Gout, Urate transporter, Hyperuricemia, Polymorphism, GWAS, Therapy” in Chinese and English, respectively. Totally 131 literatures were retrieved. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 78 articles regarding the genetic polymorphism of urate transporter in gout and the correlation between the mechanism of action of gout drugs and urate transporter were screened out and summarized. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A large number of studies have shown that urate transporter polymorphism is closely related to uric acid homeostasis, with GLUT9, URAT1, NPT1 and ABCG2 being the most important. These proteins are differentially expressed in different populations and are closely related to the reaction mechanism of gout drugs. In the future diagnosis and treatment, the results of these studies can help assess the need for treatment in patients with hyperuricemia, and help patients with gout formulate personalized and effective treatment plans. It may be a feasible solution to treat hyperuricemia by activating BCRP to enhance the clearance of uric acid in the intestine.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2388-2393, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886922

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the relationship of polymorphism of clopidogrel absorption and metabolism related genes CYP2C19(* 2,* 3,* 17),ABCB1 C3435T and PON1 Q192R in patients with coronary heart disease in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region ,and to explore the characteristics of population and combined diseases. METHODS :A total of 1 126 patients with coronary heart disease who underwent clopidogrel absorption and metabolism related gene testing during hospitalization in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University from January 2016 to June 2020 were included as the study subjects. The gender,age,body mass index (BMI),nationality and the proportion of combined with hypertension and diabetes were compared among different CYP2C19 metabolic phenotypes and ABCB1 C3435T and PON1 Q192R genotypes. RESULTS :Among 1 126 patients,1 126 had CYP2C19 * 2,* 3 and * 17 genotypes,1 109 had ABCB1 C3435T genotype and 1 123 had PON1 Q192R genotype. The distribution of each genotype was in line with Hardy-Weinberg balance (P>0.05). There were 66(5.86%), com 459(40.76%),476(42.27%) and 125(11.10%)patients with CYP2C19 ultra-rapid metabolizer (UM), extensive metabolizer(EM),intermediate metabolizer (IM)and poor metabolizer(PM),respectively. The proportion of patients with UM metabolism phenotype with BMI >24 was significantly higher than those of patients with IM and PM metabolism phenotypes (P<0.05). The proportion of Han nationality patients with UM metabolic phenotype was significantly lower than those of patients with EM ,IM and PM metabolic phenotypes (P<0.05);the proportion of Uygur nationality was significantly higher than that of patients with EM ,IM and PM metabolic phenotypes (P< 0.05). There were 355,538 and 216 patients with ABCB1 C3435T wild-type(CC),heterozygous(CT)and mutant homozygous (TT)genotypes,respectively;the proportion of Han nationality in TT genotype patients was significantly lower than that in CC and CT genotype patients (P<0.05),and the proportion of Uygur nationality was significantly higher than that in CC and CT genotype patients (P<0.05);the proportion of TT genotype patients with diabetes was significantly higher than that of patients with CT genotype (P<0.05). There were 365,519 and 239 patients with PON1 Q192R wild-type(GG),heterozygous(GA)and mutant homozygous (AA),respectively;the proportion of Han nationality in AA genotype patients was significantly lower than that in GG and GA genotype patients (P<0.05),and the proportion of Uygur nationality was significantly higher than that of GG and GA genotype patients (P<0.05);the proportion of Han nationality and BMI ≤24 in patients with AA genotype were significantly lower than those with GA genotype (P<0.05),and the proportion of Uygur nationality ,BMI>24 and hypertension were significantly higher than those in GA genotype patients (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :There are significant nationality differences among patients with different CYP2C19 metabolic phenotypes and ABCB1 C3435T and PON1 Q192R genotypes. In addition,patients with BMI >24 account for high proportion among CYP2C19 UM metabolism genotype ;patients with diabetes account for high proportion among ABCB1 C3435T TT genotype ;patients with BMI >24 and hypertension account for high proportion among PON1 Q192R AA genotype.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886564

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Systematic evaluation of the correlation of HLA-DQB1 and HLA-DRB1 allele polymorphisms with caries, to provide reference for caries prevention and treatment. @*Methods@# Relevant literature published before December 2020 was searched in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, and CBM databases. Meta-analysis was performed using the R4.0.2 software to test for heterogeneity and evaluate the publication bias.@*Results @# In total,10 case-control studies were included with 564 people in the case group and 676 people in the control group. The results of the Meta-analysis show that: ① HLA-DQB1*02 (OR=0.52, 95%CI=0.29-0.93, P < 0.05) and HLA-DRB1*09 (OR=0.34, 95%CI=0.21-0.58, P < 0.05) are protective factors of dental caries; ② HLA-DRB1*13 (OR=2.96, 95%CI=2.03-4.33, P < 0.05) and HLA-DRB1*14 (OR=1.95, 95%CI=1.26-3.02, P < 0.05) alleles are risk factors for the development of dental caries. The results of the subgroup analysis are: HLA-DRB1*07 is a caries susceptibility factor in the Chinese population (OR=0.48, 95% CI=0.24-0.97, P < 0.05), while it is not statistically significant in the Brazilian and Turkish populations; HLA-DRB1*11 is a caries protective factor in the saliva group (OR=2.26, 95% CI=1.46-3.52, P < 0.05). 3.52, P < 0.001), while it is a caries susceptibility factor in the blood group (OR=0.09, 95% CI=0.12-0.34, P < 0.001). @*Conclusion @#HLA-DRB1*13 and HLA-DRB1*14 alleles are caries susceptibility genes, and HLA-DQB1*02 and HLA-DRB1*09 have protective effects on the caries development. HLA-DRB1*07 is a caries susceptibility gene in the Chinese population; HLA-DRB1*11 is a caries protective gene in the saliva group. Due to the limited sample size and quality of the included studies, more high-quality studies will be included later for verification.

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