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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(1): 100-112, 20240102. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526851

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar el impacto del uso de la tomografía corporal total en la evaluación de los pacientes con trauma penetrante por proyectil de arma de fuego y hemodinámicamente inestables atendidos en un centro de referencia de trauma. Métodos. Se realizó un estudio analítico, retrospectivo, con base en un subanálisis del registro de la Sociedad Panamericana de Trauma ­ Fundación Valle del Lili. Se incluyeron los pacientes con trauma penetrante por proyectil de arma de fuego atendidos entre 2018 y 2021. Se excluyeron los pacientes con trauma craneoencefálico severo, trauma leve y en condición in extremis. Resultados. Doscientos pacientes cumplieron los criterios de elegibilidad, 115 fueron estudiados con tomografía corporal total y se compararon con 85 controles. La mortalidad intrahospitalaria en el grupo de tomografía fue de 4/115 (3,5 %) vs 10/85 (12 %) en el grupo control. En el análisis multivariado se identificó que la tomografía no tenía asociación significativa con la mortalidad (aOR=0,46; IC95% 0,10-1,94). El grupo de tomografía tuvo una reducción relativa del 39 % en la frecuencia de cirugías mayores, con un efecto asociado en la disminución de la necesidad de cirugía (aOR=0,47; IC95% 0,22-0,98). Conclusiones. La tomografía corporal total fue empleada en el abordaje inicial de los pacientes con trauma penetrante por proyectil de arma de fuego y hemodinámicamente inestables. Su uso no se asoció con una mayor mortalidad, pero sí con una menor frecuencia de cirugías mayores.


Introduction. This study aims to assess the impact of whole-body computed tomography (WBCT) in the evaluation of patients with penetrating gunshot wounds (GSW) who are hemodynamically unstable and treated at a trauma referral center. Methods. An analytical, retrospective study was conducted based on a subanalysis of the Panamerican Trauma Society-FVL registry. Patients with GSW treated between 2018 and 2021 were included. Patients with severe cranioencephalic trauma, minor trauma, and those in extremis were excluded. Patients with and without WBCT were compared. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality, and the secondary outcome was the frequency of major surgeries (thoracotomy, sternotomy, cervicotomy, and/or laparotomy) during initial care. Results. Two hundred eligible patients were included, with 115 undergoing WBCT and compared to 85 controls. In-hospital mortality in the WBCT group was 4/115 (3.5%) compared to 10/85 (12%) in the control group. Multivariate analysis showed that WBCT was not significantly associated to mortality (aOR: 0.46; 95% CI 0.10-1.94). The WBCT group had a relative reduction of 39% in the frequency of major surgeries, with an associated effect on reducing the need for surgery (aOR: 0.47; 95% CI 0.22-0.98). Conclusions. Whole-body computed tomography was employed in the initial management of patients with penetrating firearm projectile injuries and hemodynamic instability. The use of WBCT was not associated with mortality but rather with a reduction in the frequency of major surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Wounds and Injuries , Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography Computed Tomography , Shock, Traumatic , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Hospital Mortality
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016541

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the epidemic characteristics and influencing factors of acute conjunctivitis caused by human adenovirus(HAdv)in Yantian District of Shenzhen City, Guangdong Province from 2014 to 2022, and to provide evidence for formulating effective prevention and control measures. MethodsDescriptive epidemiology was used to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) cases reported from the Chinese disease prevention and control information system. Etiological characteristics of laboratory-confirmed cases were analyzed, and a case-control study method of test-negative design (TND) was conducted as well. According to the result of HAdv detection, analysis was used to identify the influencing factors of morbidity. ResultsA total of 1 005 AHC cases were reported in Yantian District, Shenzhen City from 2014 to 2022, with an average annual incidence rate of 49.49/105. The incidence rate ranged from 4.67/105 to 117.28/105. The peak incidence occurred from July to October each year, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.42∶1. The median (P25,P75) age of onset was 29(12,40) years. A total of 716 eye swabs were collected for etiological detection from 2014 to 2022. HAdv positive detection rate was 36.45% (263/716), Cox 24v positive detection rate was 0.28% (2/716), while EV70 was not detected. The longest viral shedding time in eye swabs was 10 days, with a median of 2 days. The highest HAdv positive detection rate (47.47%) was observed when the sampling-to-onset interval was 4‒5 days, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), with a trend of first increasing and then decreasing. Multivariate logistic regressing analysis showed that aged 18‒ years, and average temperature higher than 24.90 ℃ 3 days before onset (P<0.05) were the risk factors for acute HAdv conjunctivitis. ConclusionAHC in Yantian District, Shenzhen City showed a low level of prevalence from 2014 to 2022, with HAdv being the predominant pathogen. The peak period of viral shedding occurred on the 4th to 5th day after symptom onset, suggesting the importance of adherence to strict home isolation for infected persons. Aged18‒ years and average temperature increased 3 days before onset are associated with an increased risk of adenoviral conjunctivitis. It is recommended to strengthen personal protection and keep doing a good job of AHC surveillance and early warning, so as to timely prevent the outbreaks of AHC.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 551-556, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013582

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the role of SIRT1/Nrf2 / HO-1 in alleviating the cognitive function impairment by sevoflurane treatment in a mouse model of postoperative cerebral reperfusion. Methods C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into five groups: sham operation group, hemorrhagic shock reperfusion group, sevoflurane postconditioning group, sevoflurane postcondition-ing + SIRT1 inhibitor group and sevoflurane postconditioning + Nrf2 inhibitor group. Mice were subjected to Morris water maze test after cerebral ischemia reperfusion. The ATP, superoxide dismutase (SOD), ROS and MDA contents in tissue of mice were detected. SIRT1, Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins in tissue were detected by Western blot. Results After hemorrhagic shock, the learning and memory ability of mice was reduced.ATP and SOD concentration in hippocampus was reduced , MDA and ROS concentration increased, and the SIRT, Nrf2 and HO-1 concentration was reduced. Sevoflurane improved the cognitive dysfunction and oxi-dative damage in postoperative mice, and the neuro-protective effect of sevoflurane on hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation mice was weakened followed with SIRT1 and Nrf2 inhibitors. Conclusion Sevoflurane probably alleviates the oxidative reaction damage and cognitive impairment caused by cerebral reperfusion in mice through SIRT1/Nrf2/H0-1 pathway.

4.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 40-46, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012451

ABSTRACT

Background@#Among the multiple scoring systems for hemorrhagic transformation, only few of these address spontaneous hemorrhagic transformation after an ischemic stroke, with most done with Western population data. @*Objectives@#This study aims to identify the predictors for hemorrhagic transformation among patients with ischemic stroke admitted in a tertiary hospital in Cebu City, Philippines.@*Methods@#This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with ischemic stroke admitted in a tertiary hospital in Cebu City. Patients’ baseline characteristics, clinical, and radiologic data were collected. Chi square test and t-test were used to determine which variables were significantly different between patients with and without hemorrhagic transformation. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were determined to measure the association between the different variables and hemorrhagic transformation. @*Results@#A total of 500 ischemic stroke patients were included in the study. There were 28 (6%) ischemic stroke patients with Hemorrhagic Transformation. The mean age of these patients is 66.93 ± 12.42 years, 48.8% male, 10.8% had atrial fibrillation, and 2.4% had myocardial infarction. Controlling for the effect of confounders, white blood cell count (OR 1.11; 95% CI 1.03-1.19), myocardial infarction (OR 5.25; 95% CI 1.13-24.34), and presence of brain edema (OR 2.86; 95% CI 1.05-7.80) were significant predictors of hemorrhagic transformation.@*Conclusion@#White blood cell count, presence of brain edema, and myocardial infarction were significantly associated with hemorrhagic transformation among ischemic stroke patients.


Subject(s)
Ischemic Stroke , Philippines
5.
J. vasc. bras ; 23: e20230133, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558348

ABSTRACT

Resumo A síndrome de Rendu-Osler-Weber, também conhecida como telangiectasia hemorrágica hereditária, é uma doença hereditária autossômica dominante. Ela é caracterizada pela presença de múltiplas malformações arteriovenosas e telangiectasias. Este artigo relata dois casos de pacientes com síndrome de Rendu-Osler-Weber que apresentaram malformações arteriovenosas pulmonares e foram submetidos a tratamento endovascular com sucesso. Uma breve revisão da literatura mostra que até 50% dos pacientes com a síndrome têm malformações arteriovenosas pulmonares e geralmente há um histórico familiar positivo nesses pacientes. Em 30% dos casos, elas são múltiplas e estão associadas a complicações mais graves da doença. A maioria dos pacientes é assintomática, mesmo na presença de malformações arteriovenosas com shunt direito-esquerdo. Quando esses shunts excedem 25% do volume total de sangue, podem surgir dispneia, cianose, baqueteamento digital e sopros extracardíacos. O tratamento endovascular oferece segurança e controle das complicações da telangiectasia hemorrágica hereditária, sendo atualmente o tratamento de escolha para essas lesões.


Abstract Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome, also known as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, is an autosomal dominant hereditary disorder. It is characterized by presence of multiple arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) and telangiectasias. This article reports two cases of patients with Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome who had pulmonary AVMs and underwent successful endovascular treatment. A brief review of the literature shows that up to 50% of patients with the syndrome have pulmonary AVMs and there is usually a positive family history in these patients. These pulmonary AVMs are multiple in 30% of cases and are associated with the most severe disease complications. Most patients are asymptomatic, even in the presence of AVMs with right-left shunts. When these shunts exceed 25% of the total blood volume, dyspnea, cyanosis, digital clubbing, and extracardiac murmurs may occur. Endovascular treatment is safe and offers control of complications from hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia and is currently the treatment of choice for these lesions.

6.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 82(1): s00441779505, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533831

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Understanding the causes of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is crucial for effective treatment and preventing recurrences. The SMASH-U scale is a suggested method for classifying and predicting the outcomes of ICH. Objective To describe the SMASH-U classification and outcomes by etiology in patients admitted to a comprehensive stroke center in São Paulo, Brazil. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients admitted to the hospital or outpatient clinic between April 2015 and January 2018. Two stroke neurologists evaluated the SMASH-U classification, and patients with incomplete medical records were excluded. Results Out of the 2000 patients with a stroke diagnosis evaluated, 140 were included in the final analysis. The mean age was 57.9 (± 15.5) years, and 54.3% were male. Hypertension was the most frequent etiology, accounting for 41.4% of cases, followed by amyloid angiopathy (18.5%) and structural lesions (14.1%). Structural lesions were more common among women and patients under 45 years old. Favorable outcomes were observed in 61% of patients with structural lesions, compared to 10% of patients with medication-related etiologies. Conclusion This study provides important evidence regarding the etiological classification of Brazilian patients with ICH. Hypertension and amyloid angiopathy were the most frequent causes, while structural lesions and systemic diseases were more common in younger patients.


Resumo Antecedentes Compreender as causas da hemorragia intracerebral (HIC) é crucial para o tratamento eficaz e prevenção de recorrências. A escala SMASH-U é um método sugerido para classificar e prever os resultados da HIC. Objetivo Descrever a classificação SMASH-U e os resultados por etiologia em pacientes admitidos em um centro de acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) em São Paulo, Brasil. Métodos Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva de pacientes admitidos no hospital ou ambulatório entre abril de 2015 e janeiro de 2018. Dois neurologistas especializados em doenças cerebrovasculares avaliaram a classificação SMASH-U e pacientes com prontuários incompletos foram excluídos. Resultados Dos 2000 pacientes com diagnóstico de AVC avaliados, 140 foram incluídos na análise final. A idade média foi de 57,9 (±15,5) anos e 54,3% eram do sexo masculino. A hipertensão foi a etiologia mais frequente, correspondendo a 41,4% dos casos, seguida pela angiopatia amiloide (18,5%) e lesões estruturais (14,1%). As lesões estruturais foram mais comuns em mulheres e pacientes com menos de 45 anos. Resultados favoráveis foram observados em 61% dos pacientes com lesões estruturais, em comparação com 10% dos pacientes com etiologias relacionadas a medicamentos. Conclusão Este estudo fornece evidências importantes sobre a classificação etiológica de pacientes brasileiros com HIC. A hipertensão e a angiopatia amiloide foram as causas mais frequentes, enquanto lesões estruturais e doenças sistêmicas foram mais comuns em pacientes mais jovens.

7.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 81(11): 989-999, Nov. 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527894

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a public health emergency worldwide, predominantly affecting the respiratory tract. However, evidence supports the involvement of extrapulmonary sites, including reports of intracranial hemorrhages. Objective To describe six original cases and review the literature on intracranial hemorrhages in patients diagnosed with COVID-19 by molecular methods. Methods A systematic literature review was performed on MEDLINE, PubMed, and NCBI electronic databases to identify eligible studies. Of the total 1,624 articles retrieved, only 53 articles met the inclusion criteria. Results The overall incidence of intracranial hemorrhage in patients hospitalized for COVID-19 was 0.26%. In this patient group, the mean age was 60 years, and the majority were male (68%) with initial respiratory symptoms (73%) and some comorbidity. Before the diagnosis of hemorrhage, 43% of patients were using anticoagulants, 47.3% at therapeutic doses. The intraparenchymal (50%) was the most affected compartment, followed by the subarachnoid (34%), intraventricular (11%), and subdural (7%). There was a predominance of lobar over non-lobar topographies. Multifocal or multicompartmental hemorrhages were described in 25% of cases. Overall mortality in the cohort studies was 44%, while around 55% of patients were discharged from hospital. Conclusion Despite the unusual association, the combination of these two diseases is associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity, as well as more severe clinicoradiological presentations. Further studies are needed to provide robust evidence on the exact pathophysiology behind the occurrence of intracranial hemorrhages after COVID-19 infection.


Resumo Antecedentes A COVID-19 emergiu como uma emergência de saúde pública em todo o mundo, proporcionando lesão principalmente do trato respiratório. No entanto, várias evidências apontam para acometimento de sítios extrapulmonares, incluindo relatos de hemorragias intracranianas. Objetivo Descrever seis casos originais e revisar a literatura sobre hemorragias intracranianas em pacientes com diagnostico de COVID-19 por métodos moleculares. Métodos A revisão sistemática da literatura foi feita nas bases de dados eletrônicas da MEDLINE, PubMed e NCBI para identificar os estudos elegíveis. Do total de 1.624 artigos recuperados, apenas 53 artigos preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Resultados A incidência geral de hemorragia intracraniana nos pacientes internados por COVID-19 foi de 0,26%. A média de idade foi de 60 anos, e a maioria dos pacientes era do sexo masculino (68%) com sintomas respiratórios iniciais (73%) e alguma comorbidade. Antes do diagnóstico de hemorragia, 43% estavam em uso de anticoagulantes, 47,3% destes em doses terapêuticas. O compartimento mais acometido foi o intraparenquimatoso (50%), seguido do subaracnoideo (34%), intraventricular (11%) e subdural (7%). Houve predomínio de topografias lobares sobre as não-lobares. Hemorragias multifocais ou multicompartimentais foram descritas em 25% dos casos. A mortalidade geral nos estudos de coorte foi de 44%, enquanto houve alta hospitalar em cerca de 55% dos pacientes. Conclusão Apesar da associação incomum, a combinação dessas doenças está relacionada com altas taxas de mortalidade e morbidade, bem como apresentações clínico-radiológicas mais graves. Mais estudos são necessários para oferecer evidências robustas sobre a fisiopatologia exata por trás da ocorrência de hemorragias intracranianas após infecção por COVID-19.

8.
RFO UPF ; 28(1)20230808.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1537698

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A angina bolhosa hemorrágica (ABH) é uma condição rara, benigna e geralmente assintomática, caracterizada pelo surgimento súbito de bolhas preenchidas com sangue nas superfícies mucosas da cavidade oral e orofaringe. Objetivo: Este trabalho tem como propósito fornecer uma análise abrangente das características clínicas, etiológicas e histopatológicas da angina bolhosa hemorrágica, além de abordar métodos de diagnóstico e opções de tratamento. Materiais e métodos: Foi realizada uma busca por artigos científicos publicados de 2010 a 2023, nas bases de dados Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), US National Library of Medicine (PubMed) e ScienceDirect. Foram coletados artigos em inglês e português utilizando as palavras-chave "angina bolhosa hemorrágica", "estomatite bolhosa hemorrágica benigna", "hemorrhagic bullous angina" e "benign hemorrhagic bullous stomatitis". Conclusão: A ABH é escassamente documentada na literatura, com muitos dados ausentes ou subnotificados. Embora seja uma condição benigna com rápida evolução espontânea, o procedimento diagnóstico deve ser rigoroso para descartar outras possíveis lesões.


Introduction: Hemorrhagic bullous angina (ABH) is a rare, benign and generally asymptomatic condition, characterized by the sudden appearance of blisters filled with blood on the mucous surfaces of the oral cavity and oropharynx. Objective: This work aims to provide a comprehensive analysis of the clinical, etiological and histopathological characteristics of hemorrhagic bullous angina, in addition to addressing diagnostic methods and treatment options. Materials and methods: A search was carried out for scientific articles published from 2010 to 2023, in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), US National Library of Medicine (PubMed) and ScienceDirect databases. Articles were collected in English and Portuguese using the keywords "hemorrhagic bullous angina", "benign hemorrhagic bullous stomatitis", "hemorrhagic bullous angina" and "benign hemorrhagic bullous stomatitis". Conclusion: ABH is scarcely documented in the literature, with many data missing or underreported. Although it is a benign condition with rapid spontaneous evolution, the diagnostic procedure must be rigorous to rule out other possible lesions.

9.
Acta méd. costarric ; 65(2): 51-54, abr.-jun. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556679

ABSTRACT

Resumen La hemofilia es una diátesis hemorrágica producida por la deficiencia hereditaria de un factor (proteína) de la coagulación sanguínea que afecta principalmente a los varones. Su grado de severidad puede variar desde casos con poco sangrado, hasta condiciones muy graves que en muchas ocasiones llevan a la muerte a los enfermos. Existen dos tipos de hemofilia: la A por carencia del factor VIII y la B por falta del factor IX. En este editorial se resume de manera global la situación actual de los avances de la hemofilia desde el punto de vista clínico y del laboratorio.


Abstract Hemophilia is a hemorrhagic diathesis that is caused by the hereditary deficiency of a factor (protein) of blood clotting and that affects mainly men. Its degree of severity can vary from cases with little bleeding, to very serious conditions that often lead to death. There are two types of hemophilia, A for lack of factor VIII, and B for lack of factor IX. This editorial summarizes the current state of progress of hemophilia from the clinical and laboratory point of view.

10.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1530118

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La enfermedad traumática grave es la sexta causa de muerte a nivel mundial, un elevado porcentaje de fallecidos se atribuye a hemorragias no controladas. En Cuba se carece de estudios sobre variables predictoras de mortalidad precoz en pacientes hospitalizados con trauma hemorrágico. Objetivo: Identificar variables predictoras de mortalidad precoz en pacientes hospitalizados con trauma hemorrágico. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, transversal, que incluyó 207 pacientes con trauma hemorrágico, en el Hospital General Provincial Camilo Cienfuegos de Sancti Spíritus, En el período comprendido entre los años 2012 y 2017. Las variables se agruparon en sociodemográficas, enfermedades crónicas, mecanismo lesional, tipo de trauma, localización topográfica, complicaciones precoces, tratamiento médico-quirúrgico y mortalidad precoz. Se elaboró un modelo de regresión logística binaria mediante el método hacia delante de Wald. Resultados: El porcentaje global del modelo de regresión logística mostró la relación entre lo pronosticado respecto a lo observado en un 94,6 por ciento. Los predictores explicaron el 83,8 por ciento de la variabilidad de la variable dependiente. Se determinaron cinco variables predictoras de mortalidad precoz, hipertensión arterial, enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica, hepatopatía crónica, coagulopatía aguda e hipotermia. Conclusiones: Se concluye que las enfermedades crónicas como la hipertensión arterial, la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica y las hepatopatías crónicas, asociadas a la coagulopatía aguda e hipotermia fueron identificadas como variables predictoras de muerte precoz en pacientes hospitalizados por trauma hemorrágico(AU)


Introduction: Severe traumatic disease is the sixth leading cause of death worldwide, high percentage of deaths is ascribed to uncontrolled bleeding. There are no studies in Cuba on predictive variables of early mortality in hospitalized patients with hemorrhagic trauma. Objective: To identify predictive variables of early mortality in hospitalized patients with hemorrhagic trauma. Methods: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was carried out, which included 207 patients with hemorrhagic trauma, at Camilo Cienfuegos Provincial General Hospital in Sancti Spíritus, from 2012 to 2017. The variables were grouped into sociodemographic, diseases chronic, lesion mechanism, type of trauma, topographic location, early complications, medical-surgical treatment and early mortality. A binary logistic regression model was developed using the Wald forward method. Results: The global percentage of the logistic regression model showed the relationship between what was predicted with respect to what was observed in 94.6 por ciento. The predictors explained 83.8 por ciento of the variability of the dependent variable. Five predictors of early mortality, arterial hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic liver disease, acute coagulopathy, and hypothermia were determined. Conclusions: It is concluded that chronic diseases such as arterial hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic liver disease, associated with acute coagulopathy and hypothermia, were identified as predictors of early death in patients hospitalized for hemorrhagic trauma(AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hemostatic Disorders/mortality , Hospitalization , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
11.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 83(1): 129-132, abr. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430782

ABSTRACT

Resumen Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 38 años sin antecedentes personales relevantes, residente de Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, que consultó por fiebre, cefalea retroocular mialgias, ar tralgias y exantema maculopapular pruriginoso en dorso de manos y pies de 6 días de evolución. El laboratorio presentaba linfopenia, trombocitopenia grave y hepatitis anictérica. El cónyuge había cursado internación tres semanas antes por un cuadro de similares características sin diagnóstico etiológico. Posteriormente, la paciente evolucionó con metrorragia y petequias axilares asociados a fotofobia, somnolencia y temblor fino de la lengua, con líquido cefalorraquídeo normal, cumpliendo tratamiento con ceftriaxona 2 g/día intravenoso por 7 días. La tomografía computarizada de abdomen y pelvis evidenciaba un hematoma de pared abdominal izquierdo. Se derivaron muestras serológicas al Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Virales Humanas Dr. Julio I. Maiztegui para virus dengue, leptospirosis y hantavirus con resultados no reactivos y RT-PCR de virus Junín que resultó positiva. Retrospectivamente se realizó el diagnóstico del cónyuge por detección de anticuerpos IgG para virus Junín por ELISA y prueba de neutralización. Ninguno de los dos casos presentaba un nexo epidemiológico claro. Nuestro objetivo es remarcar la importancia de la sospecha clínica fuera de áreas endémicas.


Abstract We present the case of a 38-year-old woman with no relevant medical history, resident of the City of Buenos Aires, who was admitted in hospital for presenting fever, retroocular headache, myalgia, arthralgia, and maculopapular pruritic rash on the back of the hands and feet of 6 days of evolution. Laboratory tests revealed lymphopenia, severe thrombocytopenia, and anicteric hepatitis. Her husband had been hospitalized three weeks earlier for a condition of similar characteristics without etiological diagnosis. Subsequently, it evolved with metrorrhagia and axillary petechiae associated with photophobia, drowsiness, and fine tremor of the tongue with normal cerebrospinal fluid, treated with intravenous ceftriaxone 2 g/day for 7 days. Computed tomography of abdomen and pelvis showed a left abdominal wall hematoma. Serological samples were sent to the National Institute of Human Viral Diseases Dr. Julio I. Maiztegui for dengue virus, leptospirosis and hantavirus with non-reactive results, and RT-PCR of Junín virus that was positive. Retrospectively, the spouse was diagnosed by detection of IgG antibodies to Junin virus by ELISA and neutralization tests. Neither of the two cases had a clear epidemiological link. Our aim is to highlight the importance of clinical suspicion outside of endemic areas.

12.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 52(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521970

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El choque hemorrágico traumático es una de las principales causas de muerte en pacientes con trauma grave. Objetivo: Describir las características de los pacientes con choque hemorrágico traumático. Métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, que incluyó 207 pacientes con choque hemorrágico traumático. Para la descripción de las características de los pacientes se consideraron variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y quirúrgicas. Se realizó un análisis de frecuencias, con un nivel de significación de p< 0,05 y para las variables cuantitativas se estimó la media, desviación típica. Resultados: Hubo predominio del sexo masculino (85 % de los pacientes), con una edad media de 43,7 ± 15,7 años. El 42,5 % (p= 0,000) de los pacientes eran hipertensos. Predominaron los accidentes de tránsito (63,2 %), los traumas contusos (57,5 %) y politraumatizados (42,5 %). La acidosis metabólica estuvo presente en 66,7 % (p= 0,000) de los pacientes. La media del tiempo entre ingreso y tratamiento definitivo fue de 3,52 ± 1,19 horas El tratamiento médico quirúrgico de control de daño se aplicó en el 2,9 % y 5,4 % de los pacientes respectivamente. La muerte precoz fue de 30 %. Conclusiones: Predominaron los pacientes masculinos, menores de 60 años, las complicaciones precoces que tuvieron significación estadística y el tiempo entre ingreso y comienzo del tratamiento definitivo de 3 horas y más. El tratamiento médico quirúrgico de control de daño no se aplicó con frecuencia y la muerte precoz fue elevada.


Introduction: Traumatic hemorrhagic shock is one of the main causes of death in patients with severe trauma. Objective: To describe the characteristics of patients with traumatic hemorrhagic shock. Methods: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study, which included 207 patients with traumatic hemorrhagic shock. To describe the characteristics of the patients, sociodemographic, clinical, and surgical variables were considered. A frequency analysis was performed, with a significance level of p<0.05 and for the quantitative variables the mean and standard deviation were estimated. Results: There was a predominance of the male sex (85% of the patients), with a mean age of 43.7 ± 15.7 years. 42.5% (p= 0.000) of the patients were hypertensive. Traffic accidents (63.2%), blunt trauma (57.5%) and polytraumatized (42.5%) predominated. Metabolic acidosis was present in 66.7% (p= 0.000) of the patients. The mean time between admission and definitive treatment was 3.52 ± 1.19 hours. Surgical medical treatment for damage control was applied in 2.9% and 5.4% of the patients, respectively. Early death was 30%. Conclusions: There was a predominance of male patients, under 60 years of age, more, and early complications that had statistical significance and the time between admission and the start of definitive treatment of 3 hours. Damage control surgical medical treatment was not frequently applied and early death was high.

13.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-6, mar. 20, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1425437

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Apresentar as características clínicas dos pacientes vítimas de trauma que necessitaram de transfusão emergencial para uma abordagem do Diagnóstico de Enfermagem "Risco de Choque"; descrever a atuação da equipe de Enfermeiros do Trauma nesse contexto. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, de abordagem quantitativa. Os dados retratam o período de outubro de 2018 a dezembro de 2019, perfazendo um total de 447 pacientes com choque hemorrágico por trauma inseridos no Protocolo de Transfusão Maciça de um hospital público. Resultados: O "Risco de Choque" foi o diagnóstico de enfermagem prioritário nos pacientes com hemorragia grave por trauma. Houve predominância do sexo masculino, vítimas de politraumatismo em sua maioria, com idade entre 18 e 29 anos. 197 pacientes apresentaram líquido livre que foi detectado através do exame de ultrassom de emergência nos pacientes com trauma torácico ou abdominal. O Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência foi o meio utilizado por 378 pacientes para atendimento pré-hospitalar. Conclusão: A caracterização mostra a gravidade desses casos, com necessidade de transfusão maciça. O conhecimento desses fatores pela equipe multiprofissional de pacientes críticos com hemorragia grave associada ao trauma é fundamental, tornando-se necessária a abordagem do diagnóstico de enfermagem "risco de choque" pelo profissional Enfermeiro. (AU)


Objective: To present the clinical characteristics of the trauma patients who required emergency transfusion for an approach to the Nursing Diagnosis "Risk of Shock"; describe the role of the Trauma Nurses team in this context. Methods: This is a descriptive, retrospective study with a quantitative approach. The data portrays the period from October 2018 to December 2019, making up a total of 447 patients with traumatic hemorrhagic shock inserted in the Mass Transfusion Protocol of a public hospital. Results: There was a predominance of male subjects, victims polytrauma in that majority, aged between 18 and 29 years old. 197 patients had free fluid that was detected by emergency ultrasound examination in patients with chest or abdominal trauma. The Mobile Emergency Care Service was the resource used by 378 patients to the pre-hospital care. Conclusion: The characterization shows the severity of these cases, requiring massive transfusion. The knowledge of these factors by the multidisciplinary team of critically ill patients with severe hemorrhage associated with trauma is essential, making it necessary for the nursing professional to approach the nursing diagnosis "risk of shock". (AU)


Objetivo: Presentar las características clínicas de los pacientes traumatizados que requirieron transfusión urgente para el abordaje del Diagnóstico de Enfermería "Riesgo de Choque"; describir el papel del equipo de enfermeras de trauma en este contexto. Métodos: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo con enfoque cuantitativo. Los datos retratan el período de octubre de 2018 a diciembre de 2019, lo que hace un total de 447 pacientes con choque hemorrágico traumático insertado en el Protocolo de Transfusión Masiva de un hospital público. Resultados: El "Riesgo de Choque" fue el diagnóstico de enfermería prioritario en los pacientes con hemorragia por trauma severo. Predominó el sexo masculino, mayoritariamente víctimas de politraumatismos, con edades comprendidas entre los 18 y 29 años. 197 pacientes tenían líquido libre que fue detectado por el examen de ultrasonido de emergencia con traumatismo torácico o abdominal. El Servicio Móvil de Atención de Emergencias fue el medio utilizado por 378 pacientes para la atención prehospitalaria. Conclusión: La caracterización muestra la gravedad de estos casos, requiriendo transfusión masiva. El conocimiento de estos factores por parte del equipo multidisciplinario de pacientes críticos con hemorragia severa asociada a trauma es fundamental, por lo que es necesario que el profesional de enfermería aborde el diagnóstico de enfermería "riesgo de shock". (AU)


Subject(s)
Multiple Trauma , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Nursing Diagnosis
14.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(296): 9246-9255, jan.2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1437226

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in the pre-hospital public air service in the Federal District. Method: descriptive study with cross-sectional design and quantitative approach. The study encompasses the documentary analysis of secondary data from the electronic medical records and attendance sheets of the Aeromedical Service (SA) of the Federal District (DF). Results: There was a reduction in the degree of shock and improvement in hemodynamic parameters from the Pre-Hospital (APH) to the in-hospital moment after using TXA. Conclusion: it was observed in the present study that the use of TXA associated with other hemorrhage control measures proved to be effective in improving the hemodynamic condition of patients. Volemic resuscitation of patients in the pre-hospital period and other measures to contain bleeding proved to be effective for resuscitation in severe degrees of shock. The administration of TXA in the APH occurred in the 1st hour of care with a dosage of 1g, with improvement.(AU)


Objetivo:analisar o uso do ácido tranexâmico (TXA) no serviço pré-hospitalar aéreo público do Distrito Federal. Método: estudo descritivo com delineamento transversal e abordagem. O estudo engloba a análise documental de dados secundários provenientes dos prontuários eletrônicos e fichas de atendimento do Serviço Aeromédico (SA) do Distrito Federal (DF). Resultados: O correu redução no grau de choque e melhora dos parâmetros hemodinâmicos do momento Pré-Hospitalar (APH) para o intra-hospitalar após uso do TXA. Conclusão: observou-se no presente estudo que o uso do TXA associado a outras medidas de controle de hemorragia mostrou-se eficaz para melhora da condição hemodinâmica dos pacientes. A reposição volêmica dos pacientes ainda no período pré-hospitalar e demais medidas para contenção de hemorragia mostraram-se efetiva para reanimação em graus severos de choque. A administração do TXA no APH ocorreu na 1ª hora do atendimento com dosagem de 1g com melhora nos dos parâmetros clínicos.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar el uso del ácido tranexámico (TXA) en el servicio público aéreo prehospitalario en el Distrito Federal. Método: estudio descriptivo con diseño transversal y enfoque cuantitativo. El estudio abarca el análisis documental de datos secundarios de las historias clínicas electrónicas y planillas de asistencia del Servicio Aeromédico (SA) del Distrito Federal (DF). Resultados: Hubo una reducción en el grado de shock y mejoría en los parámetros hemodinámicos desde el momento Pre-Hospitalario (HAP) hasta el intrahospitalario después de utilizar ATX. Conclusión: se observó en el presente estudio que el uso de ATX asociado a otras medidas de control de la hemorragia demostró ser eficaz en la mejoría del estado hemodinámico de los pacientes. La reanimación volémica de pacientes en el período prehospitalario y otras medidas para contener el sangrado demostraron ser efectivas para la reanimación en grados severos de shock. La administración de TXA en el HAP se produjo en la 1ª hora de atención con dosis de 1g, con mejoría de los parámetros clínicos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Shock, Hemorrhagic , Tranexamic Acid , Emergency Medical Services
15.
Nursing (Ed. bras., Impr.) ; 26(296): 9246-9255, jan-2023. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1412706

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:analisar o uso do ácido tranexâmico (TXA) no serviço pré-hospitalar aéreo público do Distrito Federal. Método: estudo descritivo com delineamento transversal e abordagem. O estudo engloba a análise documental de dados secundários provenientes dos prontuários eletrônicos e fichas de atendimento do Serviço Aeromédico (SA) do Distrito Federal (DF). Resultados: O correu redução no grau de choque e melhora dos parâmetros hemodinâmicos do momento Pré-Hospitalar (APH) para o intra-hospitalar após uso do TXA. Conclusão: observou-se no presente estudo que o uso do TXA associado a outras medidas de controle de hemorragia mostrou-se eficaz para melhora da condição hemodinâmica dos pacientes. A reposição volêmica dos pacientes ainda no período pré-hospitalar e demais medidas para contenção de hemorragia mostraram-se efetiva para reanimação em graus severos de choque. A administração do TXA no APH ocorreu na 1ª hora do atendimento com dosagem de 1g com melhora nos dos parâmetros clínicos.(AU)


Objective: to analyze the use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in the pre-hospital public air service in the Federal District. Method: descriptive study with cross-sectional design and quantitative approach. The study encompasses the documentary analysis of secondary data from the electronic medical records and attendance sheets of the Aeromedical Service (SA) of the Federal District (DF). Results: There was a reduction in the degree of shock and improvement in hemodynamic parameters from the Pre-Hospital (APH) to the in-hospital moment after using TXA. Conclusion: it was observed in the present study that the use of TXA associated with other hemorrhage control measures proved to be effective in improving the hemodynamic condition of patients. Volemic resuscitation of patients in the pre-hospital period and other measures to contain bleeding proved to be effective for resuscitation in severe degrees of shock. The administration of TXA in the APH occurred in the 1st hour of care with a dosage of 1g, with improvement in the clinical parameters.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar el uso del ácido tranexámico (TXA) en el servicio público aéreo prehospitalario en el Distrito Federal. Método: estudio descriptivo con diseño transversal y enfoque cuantitativo. El estudio abarca el análisis documental de datos secundarios de las historias clínicas electrónicas y planillas de asistencia del Servicio Aeromédico (SA) del Distrito Federal (DF). Resultados: Hubo una reducción en el grado de shock y mejoría en los parámetros hemodinámicos desde el momento Pre-Hospitalario (HAP) hasta el intrahospitalario después de utilizar ATX. Conclusión: se observó en el presente estudio que el uso de ATX asociado a otras medidas de control de la hemorragia demostró ser eficaz en la mejoría del estado hemodinámico de los pacientes. La reanimación volémica de pacientes en el período prehospitalario y otras medidas para contener el sangrado demostraron ser efectivas para la reanimación en grados severos de shock. La administración de TXA en el HAP se produjo en la 1a hora de atención con dosis de 1g, con mejoría de los parámetros clínicos(AU)


Subject(s)
Shock, Hemorrhagic , Tranexamic Acid , Emergency Medical Services
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996439

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes of antibody levels in positive patients with epidemic hemorrhagic fever(EHF) in Dongwan, and to provide effective theoretical guidance for the prevention . Methods From January 2018 to April 2022, the antibody test and general sociological characteristics, such as age, sex, occupation of 153 patients who were confirmed to be positive for serum EHF antibody by establishing infectious disease report cards were collected. Statistical analysis was performed using t test and 2test. Results Among of 153 patients , 70 were IgG positive, and the antibody positive rate was 45.75%. There was no significant difference in IgG antibody positive rate between EHF patients of different gender(χ2=0.165,P=0.685). Commercial services (76.90%), workers (34.10%), unemployed or retired (44.10%) had the highest antibody positive rate. The IgG positive rate of EHF patients in different age groups was different. The antibody positive rate was the highest in the age group of 25-35 years old, and the antibody positive rate was lower in the age group of 60 years old and later. Among the 153 patients, the IgG antibody positive rate of the patients with onset in December, January and February was the highest, reaching 60.71% and 66.67% respectively. The IgG antibody positive rate of the patients with onset in April September was lower( χ2=14.366,P=0.021). Conclusion The positive rate of IgG antibody in EHF patients in Dongguan was high, which was related to occupation, age and time of onset; It is necessary to strengthen vaccination for this group of people to improve the antibody immunity level.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To grasp the distribution of fine antigenic epitope profiles of nucleoprotein (NP) and glycoprotein (GP) fragments of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) and to clarify the value of dominant antigenic epitopes in laboratory testing of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF).Methods:In a minimal synthetic short peptide consisting of 8 amino acids was segmentally expressed by CCHFV YL04057 strain using a modified bio-peptide synthesis method from 2014 to 2021 in the laboratory of Xinjiang University, College of Life Sciences. Using CCHFV polyclonal antibody or monoclonal antibody 14B7 (IgM) or CCHFV-positive sheep serum as antibodies, the minimal antigenic epitopes (BCEs) with antigenic activity on NP and GP fragments were identified by immunoblotting, and the obtained BCEs with sequence polymorphism were spatially clustered with CCHFV from different regions using the neighbor-joining method to determine the combination mode of BCEs with geographical correlation of regional distribution, to explore its application in establishing serological diagnosis. A prokaryotic expression plasmid (pET-32a), an E. coli expression plasmid (pGEX-KG) and a prokaryotic expression plasmid with an incomplete glutathione (GST188) tag (pXXGST-ST-1) were used to construct and express six dominant antigenic epitopes of different peptide lengths on NP fragments, and an indirect Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was established. CCHF sheep serum identified by immunofluorescence assay (IFA) was used as a control, and the specificity, sensitivity and overall compliance of the recombinant proteins with different peptide lengths of antigenic epitopes with IFA assay results were statistically analyzed. Results:CCHFV, NP and GP fragments had a total of 30 antigenically active BCEs, among which the core intermediate fragment NP2 (aa 170 th-305 th), which had a concentration of antigenic epitopes in the NP fragment, has 6 BCEs, and the NP1 (aa 1 st-200 th) and NP3 (aa 286 th-482 nd) at both ends have 9 BCEs; the Gc (aa 1 st-558 th) and Gn (aa 533 th-708 th) fragments of the GP fragment have 14 BCEs and a long antigenic peptide (AP) containing 15 amino acids, and the amino acid sequence homology of the NP fragment BCEs was 97.1% and that of the GP fragment BCEs was 89.1%. There was a significant difference ( P=0.0281, P<0.05). Among the 9 BCEs with sequence polymorphism in the GP fragment, 6 combined BCEs from GnEc1, GnE2, GnE4, GcE3, GcE6 and GcAP-4 (Ap) could cluster 15 CCHFV strains from different regions of the world into 5 geographical taxa, AsiaⅠ, AsiaⅡ, AficaⅠ, AficaⅡ and Europe. The constructs expressing PET-32a-NP (full length), PGEX-KG-NP2 (aa 170 th-305 th), pGEX-KG-NP2-1 (aa 235 th-275 th), PGEX-KG-NP2-1-1 (aa 237 th-256 th), pXXGST-1-NP2-1-2 (aa 250 th-265 th) and PGEX KG-NP2-1-3 (aa 260 th-276 th), six recombinant proteins CCHFV NP rabbit polyclonal antiserum (pAb) Western Blotting reaction positive, 33 sheep sera tested by IFA XHF as a reference, the sensitivity of the assay established by indirect ELISA using the recombinant proteins constructed from two fragments of NP2 and NP2-1 as antigens. The sensitivity, specificity and overall compliance were the best, with 73.4% (11/15) and 66.7% (10/15) for sensitivity, 100% (18/18) and 94.4% (17/18) for specificity, and 87.9% (29/33) and 81.8% (27/33) for overall compliance. Conclusion:CCHFV NP and GP are distributed with a high number of BCEs with antigenic immunoreactivity, among which the dominant antigenic epitopes are of high value in the laboratory serological diagnosis of CCHF.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994685

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and risk factors of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) infusion at an early stage (i.e.gross hematuria) for hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods:The relevant clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 300 patients undergoing allo-HSCT from January 2016 to July 2021.According to the presence or absence of HC, they were assigned into two groups of HC (n=89) and non-HC (control, n=211). According to whether or not receiving an infusion of UCMSCs, 51 patients of HC degree Ⅱ-Ⅳ were divided into two groups of UCMSC infusion and non-infusion.The risk factors of HC after allo-HSCT were analyzed by χ2 test.Logistic regression was employed for multivariate analysis of P<0.05.Mann-Whitney U test was utilized for statistically analyzing the duration of gross hematuria and urinary tract irritation symptoms and evaluating the clinical efficacy of UCMSCs infusion for HC. Results:Among them, 89 (29.67%) developed HC post-allo-HSCT.Clinical grades were Ⅰ (n=38, 42.70%), Ⅱ (n=36, 40.45%), Ⅲ (n=13, 14.61%) and Ⅳ (n=2, 2.25%). The median occurrence time was 29 (21.5-35.0) days post-allo-HSCT.In univariate analysis, age ≤30 years, haploid transplantation, antithymocyte globulin (ATG), acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), CMV-DNA positive pretreatment significantly boosted the risk of HC ( P<0.05). In multivariate analysis, aGVHD was an independent risk factor for HC ( OR=10.281, 95% CI: 1.606-65.813, P=0.014). Among 89 HC patients, 38 grade Ⅰ patients were complete remission(CR). Among 51 patients of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ HC, the outcomes were CR (n=48) and non-remission(NR)(n=3). And 24/51 of them received UCMSCs plus conventional treatment.The duration of gross hematuria was shorter in UCMSCs infusion group than that in UCMSCs non-infusion group [12(9-17) vs 17(12.0-26.5) day] and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.045). And the duration of urinary tract irritation symptoms was shorter in UCMSCs infusion group than that in UCMSCs non-infusion group [18(11-30) vs 27(18.0-35.5) days] and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.048). Conclusions:Indicated for post-ALLO-HSCT HC, infusion of UCMSCs may significantly shorten the course of disease.Age ≤30 years, haploid transplantation and preconditioning with positive ATG, aGVHD and CMV-DNA may boost the risks of HC post-allo-HSCT.And aGVHD is an independent risk factor for HC after allo-HSCT.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 390-391, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994049

ABSTRACT

Hemorrhage after prostate biopsy is common, but hemorrhagic shock is rare. We reported a case of sudden severe hematuria on the third day after prostate biopsy, which was considered to be bleeding at the puncture site. Conservative treatment was ineffective, and interventional embolization was performed. Bilateral bulbar urethral arteries were embolized, and the bleeding was stopped successfully. On the 4th day after embolization, the patient developed hypovolemic shock. Angiography showed bilateral prostatic artery bleeding, and the bleeding site and its superior branch arteries were embolized immediately. At 4 months after embolization, no bleeding related events occurred.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992530

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics and risk factors for severe disease of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in underage patients, and to construct the severe disease risk model.Methods:A total of 170 HFRS patients (<18 years old) from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University (153 cases) and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University (17 cases) from January 2009 to December 2021 were included. According to the severity of the disease, the patients were divided into mild and severe groups. Baseline demographic data, symptoms, signs, laboratory examination on admission and prognosis were analyzed between the two groups. Statistical comparisons were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test.Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of patients with severe disease, and the severe disease risk model was built.The receiver operator characteristic curve was used to analyze the value of the risk model in predicting severity of disease. Results:Among the 170 underage patients, 132 (77.6%) were males, aged (14.9±3.1) years, including 124 cases in mild group and 46 cases in severe group. One hundred and sixty-nine cases (99.4%) had fever, 119 cases (70.0%) had headache, 106 cases (62.4%) had lumbago, 158 cases (92.9%) had skin and mucous congestion, and 101 cases (59.4%) had nausea and vomiting. Renal percussive pain was found in 139(81.8%) patients. The incidence of nausea and vomiting and bleeding of skin and mucosa in the severe group were 71.7%(33/46) and 67.4%(31/46), respectively, which were both higher than those in the mild group (54.8%(68/124) and 44.4%(55/124), respectively), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=3.97 and 7.12, respectively, both P<0.05). There were significant differences in platelet count, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), serum creatinine (SCr), aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, leukocyte count, total bilirubin and albumin levels between the two groups ( Z=-4.14, -4.04, -4.87, -3.90, -4.07, -2.60, -2.78 and t=2.50, respectively, all P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that chemosis (odds ratio ( OR)=8.035, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 2.946 to 21.916), SCr ( OR=1.010, 95% CI 1.006 to 1.015) and APTT ( OR=1.049, 95% CI 1.003 to 1.098) were the independent risk factors for severe HFRS in the underage patients. The risk model was constructed as: Logit(P)=-10.323+ 2.084×chemosis (no=0, grade Ⅰ=1, grade Ⅱ=2, grade Ⅲ=3)+ 0.010×SCr (μmol/L)+ 0.048×APTT (s). The area under the curve to predict severity of disease in underage HFRS patients was 0.868, with an optimal cut-off value of -4.39, with a sensitivity of 73.90% and a specificity of 91.10%. According to the internal verification of the data of the study based on the severe disease risk model, 34 out of 46 patients with severe disease were severe (sensitivity, 73.91%), 113 out of 124 patients with mild disease were mild (specificity, 91.13%). Conclusions:The clinical manifestations of the underage HFRS patients are not typical.The main manifestations are fever, headache and lumbago, nausea and vomiting, and the incidences of skin and mucous congestion and renal percussive pain are high.Chemosis, SCr and APTT are independent risk factors for severe disease in underage patients with HFRS. The severe disease risk model could effectively predict the severity of disease.

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