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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 32: e76680, jan. -dez. 2024.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554448

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: conhecer as dificuldades elencadas pelos profissionais de saúde na assistência pré-natal às usuárias de substâncias psicoativas. Método: estudo qualitativo, exploratório-descritivo, realizado nas mídias sociais, com profissionais da área da saúde que realizam atendimento pré-natal. A coleta de dados ocorreu de novembro de 2022 a janeiro de 2023 por meio de questionário eletrônico. Os dados foram analisados por meio da análise temática. Protocolo aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados: os profissionais destacam o déficit de conhecimento para abordar este público em específico. A abordagem superficial e condenatória do uso de substâncias pelas políticas públicas corrobora para que os profissionais se sintam preparados em parte para atender essas gestantes. Considerações finais: a capacitação dos profissionais é necessária para superar práticas condenatórias e retrógradas de cuidado que focam unicamente a abstinência; como também, o investimento na capacitação acerca da rede de atenção à saúde, buscando ampliar sua visibilidade e utilização.


Objective: understanding the difficulties listed by health professionals in prenatal care for users of psychoactive substances. Method: this is a qualitative, exploratory-descriptive study carried out on social media with health professionals who provide prenatal care. Data was collected from November 2022 to January 2023 using an electronic questionnaire. The data was analyzed using thematic analysis. Protocol approved by the Research Ethics Committee. Results: the professionals highlight the lack of knowledge to deal with this specific public. The superficial and condemnatory approach to substance use by public policies contributes to making professionals feel partly prepared to deal with these pregnant women. Final considerations: the training of professionals is necessary to overcome condemnatory and retrograde care practices that focus solely on abstinence; and investment in training about the health care network, seeking to increase its visibility and use.


Objetivo: conocer las dificultades mencionadas por los profesionales de la salud en la atención prenatal de las consumidoras de sustancias psicoactivas. Método: estudio cualitativo, exploratorio-descriptivo, realizado en redes sociales, con profesionales de la salud que brindan atención prenatal. La recolección de datos se llevó a cabo de noviembre de 2022 a enero de 2023 a través de un cuestionario electrónico. Los datos se analizaron mediante análisis temático. El protocolo fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación. Resultados: los profesionales destacan que les falta el conocimiento para atender a este público específico. El abordaje superficial y condenatorio del consumo de sustancias por parte de las políticas públicas contribuye a que los profesionales se sientan parcialmente preparados para atender a esas gestantes. Consideraciones finales: es necesario capacitar a los profesionales para superar las prácticas asistenciales condenatorias y retrógradas que se centran únicamente en evitar el consumo; e invertir en capacitación sobre la red de atención de salud, para ampliar su visibilidad y uso.

2.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58441, Jan.-Jun. 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1550242

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: A gestação configura-se como um acontecimento único e memorável para a vida de uma mulher. A gravidez de alto risco é uma experiência estressante em razão dos riscos a que estão submetidos a mãe e o bebê e devido às mudanças que afetam negativamente o seu equilíbrio emocional. Objetivo: Identificar os sentimentos vivenciados pela gestante frente à gravidez de alto risco. Método: Descritivo e exploratório com abordagem qualitativa, com amostra por conveniência composta por mulheres com gestação de alto risco, selecionadas de acordo com a disponibilidade do serviço de internamento, até a saturação das entrevistas. A coleta dos dados foi realizada em um período de dois meses através de entrevistas guiadas por um roteiro. Os dados foram analisados por meio da técnica de análise de conteúdo segundo Minayo. Resultados: Fizeram parte 37 mulheres. Os resultados foram oeganizados nas categorias: Como se deu o diagnóstico de alto risco; Sentimentos ao descobrir que a gestação é/era de risco; Sentimentos em relação ao apoio familiar acerca da gestação de alto risco. Os sentimentos relatados pelas gestantes e puérperas que conviveram com a gravidez de alto risco, deixam evidentes os impactos que este evento traz não somente na saúde física sobretudo para a emocional, deixando as gestantes fragilizadas. Conclusão: Assim, o estudo nos permitiu perceber que os sentimentos vivenciados nesse processo podem interfir na vida dessas mulheres, e de forma negativa. Mas, que apesar dessa situação, estas expressam sentimentos ambíguos, pois mesmo com o risco gestacional, muitas mostram-se felizes pela dádiva de ser mãe.


Resumen Introducción: El embarazo se considera un evento único y memorable en la vida de una mujer. El embarazo de alto riesgo es una experiencia estresante debido a los riesgos a los que están expuestas tanto la madre como su bebé y a los cambios que afectan negativamente su equilibrio emocional. Objetivo: Identificar los sentimientos experimentados por las mujeres embarazadas frente a un embarazo de alto riesgo. Metodología: Descriptivo y exploratorio con enfoque cualitativo, con una muestra a conveniencia compuesta por mujeres con embarazos de alto riesgo, seleccionadas según la disponibilidad del servicio de hospitalización, hasta la saturación de las entrevistas. La recopilación de datos se llevó a cabo durante un período de dos meses a través de entrevistas guiadas. Los datos fueron analizados utilizando la técnica de análisis de contenido según Minayo. Resultados: Participaron 37 mujeres y los resultados se organizaron en las siguientes categorías: cómo se realizó el diagnóstico de alto riesgo; sentimientos al descubrir que el embarazo era de riesgo; sentimientos con respecto al apoyo familiar en relación con el embarazo de alto riesgo. Los sentimientos relatados por las mujeres embarazadas y posparto que vivieron un embarazo de alto riesgo evidencian los impactos que tiene este evento no solo en la salud física sino, especialmente, en el bienestar emocional, pues deja a las mujeres embarazadas en un estado de vulnerabilidad. Conclusión: El estudio nos permitió darnos cuenta de que los sentimientos experimentados en este proceso pueden interferir en la vida de estas mujeres de manera negativa. Sin embargo, a pesar de esta situación, muchas de ellas expresan sentimientos ambiguos, porque, incluso con el riesgo gestacional, están agradecidas por el regalo de la maternidad.


Abstract Introduction: Pregnancy is considered a unique and memorable event in a woman's life. High-risk pregnancy is a stressful experience due to the risks to which the mother and the baby are exposed, and due to the changes that negatively affect their emotional balance. Objective: To identify the feelings experienced by pregnant women facing high-risk pregnancy. Method: Descriptive and exploratory, employing a qualitative approach, the study featured a convenience sample of women with high-risk pregnancies, selected based on inpatient service availability, until interview saturation was achieved. Data collection was conducted over a two-month period through scripted interviews. Data analysis was performed utilizing Minayo's content analysis technique. Results: Thirty-seven women participated in the study. The results were categorized as follows: How the high-risk diagnosis was determined; Feelings upon discovering the pregnancy was high-risk; Feelings regarding family support regarding the high-risk pregnancy. The feelings reported by pregnant and postpartum women who experienced high-risk pregnancies clearly reveal the impacts this event has, not only on physical health, but especially on emotional well-being, leaving the pregnant women in a vulnerable state. Conclusion: The study allowed us to realize that the feelings experienced in this process can negatively interfere in the lives of these women. However, despite this situation, many of them express mixed feelings, because even with the gestational risk, they are grateful for the gift of motherhood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care/psychology , Women's Health , Pregnancy, High-Risk/psychology
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559725

ABSTRACT

Introducción y objetivo: Explorar las estrategias de prevención de la preeclampsia que se han propuesto a lo largo de la historia. Método: Revisión narrativa de la literatura sobre la evidencia científica histórica disponible entre 2016 y 2023 acerca de la aspirina y otras estrategias de prevención de la preeclampsia, en bases de datos bibliográficas computarizadas de estudios publicados en revistas indexadas. Resultados: Varios estudios confirman la efectividad de la aspirina para prevenir la preeclampsia en población de alto riesgo, siendo un medicamento con bajo riesgo de complicaciones, con mayor evidencia de efectividad si se inicia antes de las 16 semanas de gestación y con un aparente efecto dependiente de la dosis. Intervenciones como la disminución del consumo de sal, el reposo en cama, la suplementación con ácidos grasos, antioxidantes, L-arginina, zinc o magnesio, y el uso de diuréticos o de inhibidores de la bomba de protones, no han mostrado su utilidad en la prevención de la preeclampsia. Conclusiones: La aspirina a dosis baja es un medicamento seguro en el embarazo y efectivo para prevenir la preeclampsia en población de alto riesgo. Es la estrategia de prevención más ampliamente estudiada a lo largo de la historia para la disfunción endotelial durante la gestación.


Introduction and objective: To explore the different prevention strategies for preeclampsia that have been proposed throughout the history. Method: A narrative review of the historical, scientific evidence available between 2016 and 2021 on aspirin and other preeclampsia prevention strategies in computerized bibliographic databases of studies published in indexed journals. Results: Several studies confirm the effectiveness of aspirin to prevent preterm preeclampsia in high-risk populations, considering this as a safe drug with low risk of complications, with greater evidence of effectiveness when started before 16 weeks of gestation and apparently with a dose-dependent effect. Interventions such as reducing salt intake, bed rest, supplementation with fatty acids, antioxidants, L-arginine, zinc, magnesium, the use of diuretics or proton pump inhibitors have not shown its usefulness in the prevention of high risk preeclampsia patients. Conclusions: Low-dose aspirin is a safe drug in pregnancy and is effective to prevent preeclampsia in high-risk populations. Is the most widely studied throughout history prevention strategy for endothelial dysfunction during pregnancy.

4.
Medisan ; 28(1)feb. 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558491

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La infección por el virus SARS-CoV-2 se ha convertido en una pandemia que ha ocasionado gran número de complicaciones y suele ser fatal para embarazadas y puérperas. Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de embarazadas y puérperas con covid-19 ingresadas en cuidados intensivos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, de corte transversal, de 56 embarazadas y puérperas con diagnóstico confirmado de covid-19, ingresadas en el Servicio de Cuidados Intensivos del Hospital Provincial Docente Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany de Santiago de Cuba durante el 2021. Las variables analizadas fueron la edad, los antecedentes personales, la causa de ingreso, el estado al egreso y la principal causa de muerte. A tal efecto, se calcularon las frecuencias, los porcentajes y la tasa de letalidad. Resultados: Hubo predominio de las gestantes en todos los grupos de edades (58,9 %) en relación con las puérperas (41,1 %), principalmente en el grupo etario de 31-35 años (30,3 %). La hipertensión arterial resultó ser la comorbilidad más frecuente con 71,4 y 28,6 %, para embarazadas y puérperas, respectivamente; en tanto, 66,6 % de las primeras y 33,3 % de las segundas fueron ingresadas por neumonía. Todas las embarazadas egresaron vivas y 7 puérperas fallecieron. La tasa de letalidad fue de 12,5 y el síndrome de disfunción multiorgánica apareció en 57,2 % de las afectadas. Conclusiones: La hipertensión arterial fue la comorbilidad más frecuente, la neumonía viral, el principal diagnóstico al ingreso y el síndrome de disfunción multiorgánica, la primera causa directa de muerte.


Introduction: Infection due to SARS-CoV-2 virus has become a pandemic that has caused great number of complications and is usually fatal for pregnant and newly-delivered women. Objective: To describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of pregnant and newly-delivered women with Covid-19 admitted to intensive care units. Methods: An observational descriptive, cross-sectional study of 56 pregnant and newly-delivered women with confirmed diagnosis of Covid-19 was carried out; they were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany Teaching Provincial Hospital in Santiago de Cuba during 2021. The analyzed variables were age, past health history, cause of admission, state when discharged from the institution and the main cause of death. For this purpose, the frequencies, percentages and case fatality rate were calculated. Results: There was a prevalence of pregnant women in all the age groups (58.9%) relative to the newly-delivered women (41.1%), mainly in the 31- 35 age group (30.3%). Hypertension was the most frequent comorbidity with 71.4 and 28.6%, for pregnant and newly-delivered women, respectively; as long as, 66.6% of the first ones and 33.3% of the second ones were admitted due to pneumonia. All the pregnant women were discharged alive and 7 newly-delivered women died. Case fatality rate was 12.5 and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome appeared in 57.2% of those affected. Conclusions: Hypertension was the most frequent comorbidity, viral pneumonia was the main admission diagnosis and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, the first direct cause of death.

5.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 46: e, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1559556

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess the rate of missed postpartum appointments at a referral center for high-risk pregnancy and compare puerperal women who did and did not attend these appointments to identify related factors. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study with all women scheduled for postpartum consultations at a high-risk obstetrics service in 2018. The variables selected to compare women were personal, obstetric, and perinatal. The variables of interest were obtained from the hospital's electronic medical records. Statistical analyses were performed using the Chi-square, Fisher's exact, or Mann-Whitney tests. For the variable of the interbirth interval, a receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to best discriminate whether or not patients attended the postpartum consultation. The significance level for the statistical tests was 5%. Results: A total of 1,629 women scheduled for postpartum consultations in 2018 were included. The rate of missing the postpartum consultation was 34.8%. A shorter interbirth interval (p = 0.039), previous use of psychoactive substances (p = 0.027), current or former smoking (p = 0.003), and multiparity (p < 0.001) were associated with non-attendance. Conclusion: This study showed a high rate of postpartum appointment non-attendance. This is particularly relevant because it was demonstrated in a high-risk obstetric service linked to clinical severity or social vulnerability cases. This highlights the need for new approaches to puerperal women before hospital discharge and new tools to increase adherence to postpartum consultations, especially for multiparous women.

6.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13297, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1561729

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: quantificar e analisar as principais características da produção científica sobre o benefício da atividade/ exercício físico durante a gestação de alto risco entre os anos de 2013 e 2023. Método: trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, do tipo bibliométrico, cuja proposta principal é analisar a produção científica através da observação quantitativa das publicações, desenvolvendo indicadores estatísticos confiáveis para determinada temática estudada. Resultados: foram analisados 316 artigos. Observou-se que o maior número de publicações sobre o tema foram realizadas no ano de 2022 com 51 (16,13%) artigos, seguido do ano de 2021 com 38 (12%) artigos e 2020 com 37 (11,7%) artigos publicados, o que corresponde a uma taxa de crescimento anual de publicação de 4,62%. Conclusão: os estudos precisam continuar sendo desenvolvidos para que as recomendações sejam constantemente atualizadas e contribuindo para a qualidade de vida materno infantil.


Objective: to quantify and analyze the main characteristics of scientific production on the benefits of physical activity/exercise during high-risk pregnancies between 2013 and 2023. Method: this is a quantitative bibliometric study, the main purpose of which is to analyze scientific production through the quantitative observation of publications, developing reliable statistical indicators for a given subject. Results: 316 articles were analyzed. It was observed that the largest number of publications on the subject were made in 2022 with 51 (16.13%) articles, followed by 2021 with 38 (12%) articles and 2020 with 37 (11.7%) articles published, which corresponds to an annual publication growth rate of 4.62%. pregnancies over the years. Conclusion: studies need to continue to be developed so that recommendations are constantly updated and contribute to maternal and child quality of life.


Objetivo: cuantificar y analizar las principales características de la producción científica sobre los beneficios de la actividad física/ejercicio durante los embarazos de alto riesgo entre 2013 y 2023. Metodo: se trata de un estudio bibliométrico cuantitativo, cuyo objetivo principal es analizar la producción científica a través de la observación cuantitativa de las publicaciones, desarrollando indi-cadores estadísticos fiables para un tema determinado. Resultados: se analizaron 316 artículos. Se observó que el mayor número de publicaciones sobre el tema se realizó en 2022 con 51 (16,13%) artículos, seguido de 2021 con 38 (12%) artículos y 2020 con 37 (11,7%) artículos publicados, lo que corresponde a una tasa de crecimiento anual de publicación de 4,62%. Conclusión: es necesario continuar desarrollando estudios para que las recomendaciones sean constantemente actualizadas y contribuyan para la calidad de vida materna e infantil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Bibliometrics
7.
Femina ; 51(10): 614-626, 20231030. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532465

ABSTRACT

Até este momento da pandemia de COVID-19, embora as gestantes não tenham maior risco de se infectar do que a população geral, elas têm maiores riscos de desenvolver formas graves e demandar cuidados de UTI e ventilação invasiva, so- bretudo aquelas que apresentam comorbidades. No Brasil, a mortalidade materna por COVID-19 está entre as mais elevadas do mundo. A transmissão vertical do SARS-CoV-2 parece ser um evento raro, e até o momento não se observou aumento da ocorrência de abortos e malformações. Entretanto, a COVID-19 está associada a elevadas taxas de prematuridade, baixo peso ao nascer e admissão em UTI neona- tal. Em adaptação a esse novo cenário, são indicados cuidados especiais durante o ciclo gravídico-puerperal, sendo útil destacar: o espaço crescente da telemedicina no pré-natal; a não obrigatoriedade da realização de cesariana em caso de gestan- te infectada no momento do parto e a liberação da amamentação pelas puérperas com COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Pregnancy Complications , Puerperal Disorders/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Respiration, Artificial/instrumentation , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Telemedicine/instrumentation , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Parturition , Premature Birth/prevention & control , Dyspnea/complications , COVID-19 Drug Treatment/methods
8.
Medisan ; 27(5)oct. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1529009

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso clínico de una gestante de 20 años de edad, quien acudió al Cuerpo de Guardia del bloque materno del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba por presentar decaimiento, náuseas y malestar general. Durante la exploración física se encontró piel sudorosa y fría, taquicardia e ictericia. Se realizaron diversos exámenes complementarios y se constató alteración hepática, así como cifras bajas de glucemia. Se diagnosticó hígado graso agudo del embarazo. Luego de varios días de hospitalizada con una evolución desfavorable, hasta llegar al estado crítico, la paciente falleció por síndrome de disfunción multiorgánica.


The case report of a 20 years pregnant woman is presented, who went to the maternal block emergency room of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba due to run-down, nausea and diffuse discomfort. During the physical exploration sweaty and cold skin, tachycardia and jaundice were found. Diverse complementary exams were carried out and a hepatic disorder was verified, as well as low figures of glycemia. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy was diagnosed. After several days hospitalized with an unfavorable clinical course until getting to the critical state, the patient died due to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy, High-Risk , Fatty Liver , Liver Diseases , Pregnancy , Fetal Death , Maternal Death , Multiple Organ Failure
9.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 28(4): 1043-1058, abr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430162

ABSTRACT

Resumo Estudo caso-controle com o objetivo de estimar os fatores de risco da mortalidade perinatal em um hospital de referência para gestações de alto risco em Curitiba-PR. Os dados de características sociodemográficas, maternas, da gestação e do concepto foram obtidos dos prontuários hospitalares de 316 casos e 316 controles do período de 2013 a 2017. Foi realizada análise de regressão logística múltipla hierarquizada, permanecendo no modelo final variáveis com p < 0,05. Os resultados mostram aumento do risco de óbito perinatal em mães com tipo sanguíneo B (OR = 2,82; IC95%: 1,07-7,43), que não realizaram pré-natal (OR = 30,78; IC95%: 4,23-224,29), conceptos com malformações congênitas (OR = 63,90; IC95%: 27,32-149,48), nascidos com menos de 28 (OR = 24,21; IC95%: 1,10-531,81) e entre 28-31 semanas de gestação (OR = 6,03; IC95%: 1,34-27,17) e peso ao nascer abaixo de 1.000g (OR = 51,94; IC95%: 4,31-626,46), entre 1.000-1.499g (OR = 11,17; IC95%: 2,29-54,41) e entre 1.500-2.499g (OR = 2,75; IC95%: 1,25-6,06). Conceptos de gestações com desfecho prematuro, baixo peso ao nascer e presença de malformações congênitas são os principais fatores de risco para o óbito perinatal. Em contrapartida, a assistência pré-natal adequada é importante fator de proteção.


Abstract A case-control study was carried out to estimate risk factors for perinatal mortality in a referral hospital for high-risk pregnancies in Curitiba-PR. Sociodemographic, maternal, pregnancy and concept characteristics data were obtained from the hospital records of 316 cases and 316 controls from 2013 to 2017. A hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis was performed, remaining in the final model variables with p < 0.05. The results show an increased risk of perinatal death in mothers with blood type B (OR = 2.82; 95%CI: 1.07-7.43), who did not undergo prenatal care (OR = 30.78; 95%CI: 4.23-224.29), fetuses with congenital malformations (OR = 63.90; 95%CI: 27.32-149.48), born under 28 (OR = 24.21; 95%CI: 1, 10-531.81) and between 28-31 weeks of gestation (OR = 6.03; 95%CI: 1.34-27.17) and birth weight below 1,000g (OR = 51.94; 95%CI: 4.31-626.46), between 1,000-1,499g (OR = 11.17; 95%CI: 2.29-54.41) and between 1,500-2,499g (OR = 2.75; 25-6.06). Concepts of pregnancies with premature outcome, low birth weight and the presence of congenital malformations are the main risk factors for perinatal death. On the other hand, adequate prenatal care is an important protective factor.

10.
Cad. Ibero-Am. Direito Sanit. (Online) ; 12(1): 69-80, jan.-mar.2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1417180

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar o direito da mulher acima dos 35 anos ao planejamento familiar, uma vez que a partir dessa faixa etária o exercício do direito reprodutivo poderá trazer riscos à sua saúde e à do feto. Metodologia: tratou-se de uma pesquisa baseada em revisão bibliográfica narrativa e descritiva, utilizando-se de artigos publicados em periódicos especializados em ciências da saúde e em direito à saúde, livros e coletâneas. Para os artigos, foram utilizados os seguintes descritores, em especial, nas plataformas Google Acadêmico, EBSCO e Periódicos CAPES: maternidade tardia; riscos da maternidade tardia; maternidade tardia e mercado de trabalho. Resultados: observou-se que o corpo da mulher a partir dos 35 anos de idade já não está mais tão apto à maternidade como o da mulher entre os 20 e 29 anos, idade considerada ideal para a procriação. Ao adiar a maternidade, pelos mais variados motivos, a mulher coloca-se frente a frente a uma gravidez de risco, em razão dos graves problemas de saúde que poderão ocorrer durante a gestação, fazendo com que essa gravidez seja considerada de alto-risco tanto para ela quanto para o bebê. Conclusão: a mulher que opta por adiar a maternidade deve ser devidamente informada pelo profissional da saúde especializado em reprodução humana, artificial ou não, sobre os graves problemas que a gravidez tardia pode causar a ela e ao bebê.


Objective: to study the right to family planning of women over 35 years old when they exercise their reproductive rights. This can lead to high risks for women from this age segment and the fetus. Methods: study is based on a narrative and descriptive literature review and subsequent analysis of articles from journals, books, and collections in the field of health sciences and health law. The descriptors late motherhood, risks of late motherhood, late motherhood, and labor market were analyzed in an additional digital search of the following databases: Google Scholar, EBSCO, and Brazilian CAPES journals. Results: the female body is less prepared for pregnancy from the age of 35 years than that of women aged between 20 and 29 years, an age segment considered ideal for reproduction. Late motherhood, for whatever reason, puts women at higher risk for health problems during pregnancy and poses a higher risk to the child, both the unborn and the child after birth. Conclusion: a woman who chooses late motherhood must be properly informed by specialized physicians that such a pregnancy, whether artificial or natural, may pose serious problems for both her and her child.


Objetivo: investigar el derecho de la mujer arriba de los 35 años al planeamiento familiar, una vez que a partir de esa edad el ejercicio del derecho reproductivo por ella, pone no solo a ella en una situación de alto riesgo, sino al bebé. Metodología: tratase de una investigación basada en revisión bibliográfica narrativa y descriptiva, empleándose artículos publicados en periódicos cualificados en ciencias de la salud, en derecho a la salud, libros y colecciones. Para los artículos fueron usados los descriptores que siguen, en especial en las plataformas Google Académico, EBSCO y Periódicos CAPES: maternidad tardía; riesgos de la maternidad tardía; maternidad tardía y el mercado de trabajo. Resultados: fue observado que el cuerpo de la mujer a partir de los 35 años ya no está más tan apto a la maternidad como el de la mujer entre los 20 y los 29años, que es considerada la edad la ideal para que la mujer tenga hijos. Al adiar la maternidad por los más diversos motivos, la mujer se pone delante a un embarazo de riesgo, a causa de los graves problemas de salud que podrán ocurrir durante la gestación. Con eso el embarazo es considerado de alto riesgo para ella y para el bebé. Conclusión: la mujer que opta por adiar la maternidad debe ser informada por el profesional especialista em reproducción humana artificial o no, sobre los graves problemas que el embarazo tardío puede no solo causarle, sino aún a el bebé.

11.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 72(1): 12-18, jan.-mar. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440455

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To estimate the frequency of positive screening for major depressive disorder and associated factors in high-risk pregnant women at a reference hospital of the Brazilian Public Health System. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 184 high-risk pregnant women at the Maternity at the Hospital Regional de São José , SC, Brazil. Positive screening for major depressive disorder using the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale was selected as the dependent variable. Socio-demographic and pregnancy-related variables were also collected. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression with a robust estimator, including all variables that presented a p-value < 0.20 in the bivariate analysis. Statistically significant differences were considered when p ≤ 0.05. Results: The frequency of positive screening for major depressive disorder was 37.5%. Non-white skin color, income of less than USD 572,56 per month and maternal age of less than 18 years or greater than or equal to 35 years were statistically and independently associated with positive screening for major depressive disorder in high-risk pregnant women. Conclusion: The frequency of positive screening for major depressive disorder in the high-risk pregnant women studied was 37.5%. The frequency was statistically associated with skin color, family income and extremes in the maternal age.


RESUMO Objetivo: Estimar a frequência de rastreio positivo de transtorno depressivo maior e fatores associados em gestantes de alto risco em uma maternidade de referência do Sistema Único de Saúde. Métodos: Estudo transversal envolvendo 184 gestantes de alto risco da Maternidade do Hospital Regional de São José, SC, Brasil. A variável dependente foi o rastreio de transtorno depressivo maior por meio da aplicação da Escala de Depressão Pós-parto de Edimburgo. Foram coletadas ainda variáveis sociodemográficas e relacionadas à gestação. Os dados foram analisados por meio da regressão de Poisson com estimador robusto, incluindo todas as variáveis que apresentaram valor de p < 0,20 na análise bivariada. Consideraram-se diferenças estatisticamente significativas quando p ≤ 0,05. Resultados: A frequência de rastreio positivo para transtorno depressivo foi de 37,5%. Cor da pele não branca, renda mensal inferior a USD 572,56 e idade materna inferior a 18 anos ou superior ou igual a 35 anos foram estatística e independentemente associadas ao rastreamento positivo para transtorno depressivo maior em gestantes de alto risco. Conclusão: A frequência de rastreio positivo de transtorno depressivo maior em gestantes de alto risco estudadas foi de 37,5%. A frequência mostrou-se estatisticamente associada com cor de pele, renda familiar e extremos de idade materna.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966132

ABSTRACT

Objective: Early detection and effective management of high-risk pregnancies can substantially contribute to the reduction of adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and clinical profile of women with high-risk pregnancies in rural areas who utilize antenatal services in a primary health center (PHC).Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out over a six-month period by reviewing the mother and child protection cards maintained at the PHC’s Maternal and Child Health Center. During the study period, 950 pregnant women were registered, of whom 793 were included in the study based on the completeness of the records. Data analysis was performed using the licensed Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 21.0.Results: The prevalence of high-risk pregnancy among the antenatal women was 272 (34.3%) with 95% CI [31.1–37.7]. Of the 272 women, 240 (88.2%) had a single high-risk factor, while 32 (11.8%) had more than one high-risk factor. The major factor contributing to high-risk pregnancy was hypothyroidism (43.7% with 95% CI [37.9–49.6]), followed by a previous lower segment Caesarean section (LSCS) (19.1%).Conclusion: The study found that the prevalence of high-risk pregnancies was 34.3% in this rural setting. The majority of high-risk pregnancies were due to hypothyroidism, followed by more than one previous LSCS or abortion. Further research is required to track high-risk pregnancy outcomes and investigate the newborn thyroid profile of women with hypothyroidism.

13.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 91(10): 736-752, ene. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1557819

ABSTRACT

Resumen ANTECEDENTES: Existe interés creciente en los efectos de la vitamina D en el embarazo y en la función placentaria, homeostasis de la glucosa, infección y respuesta inflamatoria, además de la asociación de su deficiencia con enfermedades de alto riesgo obstétrico. OBJETIVO: Identificar los aspectos relevantes conocidos y controvertidos del déficit de vitamina D y de su suplementación en pacientes con alto riesgo obstétrico que permitan aportarle al lector herramientas para la toma de decisiones en la práctica clínica. METODOLOGÍA: Se llevó a cabo una revisión de la bibliografía registrada en las bases de datos de MEDLINE vía PubMed, EBSCO y OVID del 2016 al 2022. Se consultaron artículos publicados en inglés y español, con los términos MeSH "Vitamin D", "preeclampsia", "premature birth", "diabestes, gestational" y "fetal growth retardation". RESULTADOS: La búsqueda inicial arrojó 685 artículos de los que se descartaron 364 por falta de pertinencia, 248 por falta del recurso completo y 44 por duplicaciones. De acuerdo con el objetivo planteado, al final quedaron 29 artículos que se complementaron con 55 textos clásicos encontrados en una búsqueda manual para contextualización de la revisión. CONCLUSIONES: La evidencia respecto de la asociación entre deficiencia de vitamina D y pobres desenlaces obstétricos, en términos de tasas de preeclampsia, parto pretérmino, diabetes gestacional y restricción del crecimiento fetal no es concluyente. Sin embargo, el análisis de los estudios mencionados muestra una relación entre el déficit de vitamina D y el aumento del riesgo, desenlaces impactantes y consistentes con el riesgo de resultar con diabetes gestacional.


Abstract BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in the effects of vitamin D in pregnancy and on placental function, glucose homeostasis, infection and inflammatory response, and the association of vitamin D deficiency with high-risk obstetric conditions. OBJECTIVE: To identify the relevant known and controversial aspects of vitamin D deficiency and its supplementation in patients at high obstetric risk, in order to provide the reader with decision-making tools for clinical practice. METHODOLOGY: A review of the literature registered in the MEDLINE databases via PubMed, EBSCO and OVID from 2016 to 2022 was performed. Articles published in English and Spanish were included using the MeSH terms "vitamin D", "pre-eclampsia", "preterm birth", "gestational diabetes" and "fetal growth retardation". RESULTS: The initial search yielded 685 articles, of which 364 were discarded for lack of relevance, 248 for lack of complete source and 44 for duplication. In accordance with the stated objective, 29 articles remained at the end, which were supplemented by 55 classic texts found in a manual search to contextualise the review. CONCLUSIONS: The evidence for an association between vitamin D deficiency and poor obstetric outcomes in terms of rates of pre-eclampsia, preterm birth, gestational diabetes and fetal growth restriction is inconclusive. However, analysis of the above studies shows an association between vitamin D deficiency and increased risk, with striking results consistent with the risk of gestational diabetes.

14.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 57: e20230264, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1529421

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the validation of the Logical Model of Reception and Risk Classification for women with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia in a high-risk maternity hospital. Method: Evaluative research with a quantitative approach. The elaboration and validation of the Logical Model were systematized in stages related to the scope review, preparation of the document guided by the Donabedian model and validation by 12 stakeholders, aiming at the assessment of the Content Validation Index. Results: The problem that gave rise to the intervention was elaborated, supporting the construction of the Logical Model. Agreement was reached on 24 items, reaching a Content Validation Index of 0.99. Stakeholders included contributions regarding correlations between elements of the structure and process. Conclusion: The document achieved high content validity and could contribute to decision-making by managers in the Reception and Risk Classification sectors for women with pre-eclampsia and/or eclampsia.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Describir la validación del Modelo Lógico de Acogida y Clasificación de Riesgo de mujeres con preeclampsia/eclampsia en una maternidad de alto riesgo. Método: Se trata de una investigación evaluativa de enfoque cuantitativo. La elaboración y la validación del Modelo Lógico se sistematizaron en etapas relacionadas con la revisión de alcance; la preparación del documento se basó en el modelo de Donabedian y fue validada por las 12 partes interesadas, con foco en la apreciación del Índice de Validación del Contenido. Resultados: Se elaboró el problema que dio origen a la intervención, favoreciendo la construcción del Modelo Lógico. Se llegó a un acuerdo sobre 24 elementos, alcanzándose un Índice de Validación de Contenido de 0,99. Las partes interesadas hicieron aportaciones sobre las correlaciones entre los elementos de la estructura y el proceso. Conclusión: El documento alcanzó un alto nivel de validez de contenido y podría contribuir a la toma de decisiones por parte de los gestores de los sectores de Acogida y Clasificación de Riesgos de mujeres con preeclampsia y/o eclampsia.


RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever a validação do Modelo Lógico do Acolhimento e Classificação de Risco às mulheres com pré-eclâmpsia/eclâmpsia em uma maternidade de alto risco. Método: Pesquisa avaliativa de abordagem quantitativa. A elaboração e validação do Modelo Lógico foram sistematizadas em etapas relacionadas à revisão de escopo, elaboração do documento norteado pelo modelo Donabediano e validação por 12 stakeholders, visando à apreciação do Índice de Validação de Conteúdo. Resultados: Foi elaborado o problema que deu origem à intervenção, subsidiando a construção do Modelo Lógico. Foi alcançada a concordância de 24 itens, alcançando Índice de Validação de Conteúdo de 0,99. Os stakeholders incluíram contribuições quanto às correlações entre elementos da estrutura e processo. Conclusão: O documento alcançou elevada validade de conteúdo e poderá contribuir com a tomada de decisão pelos gestores dos setores de Acolhimento e Classificação de Risco às mulheres com pré-eclâmpsia e/ou eclâmpsia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Validation Study , Obstetric Nursing , Eclampsia , User Embracement
15.
Clinics ; 78: 100174, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430228

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To analyze the perinatal outcomes of Perinatally acquired HIV Infection (PHIV) in pregnant women. Method: This retrospective cohort study included singleton pregnancies in Women Living with HIV (WLH) between 2006 and 2019. Patient charts were revised, and maternal characteristics, type of HIV infection (perinatal vs. behavioral), Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) exposure, and obstetric and neonatal outcomes were assessed. The HIV-related aspects considered were: Viral Load (VL), CD4+ cell count, opportunistic infections, and genotype testing. Laboratory analyses were performed at baseline (first appointment) and 34 weeks of gestation. Results: There were 186 WLH pregnancies, and 54 (29%) patients had PHIV. Patients with PHIV were younger (p < 0.001), had less frequently stable partnerships (p < 0.001), had more commonly serodiscordant partners (p < 0.001), had a longer time on ART (p < 0.001), and had lower rates of undetectable VL at baseline (p = 0.046) and at 34 weeks of gestation (p < 0.001). No association was observed between PHIV and adverse perinatal outcomes. Among patients with PHIV, third trimester anemia was associated with preterm birth (p = 0.039). Genotype testing was available only for 11 patients with PHIV, who presented multiple mutations related to ART resistance. Conclusions: PHIV did not seem to increase the risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, PHIV pregnancies have a higher risk of viral suppression failure and exposure to complex ARTs.

16.
Porto Alegre; s.n; 2023. 39 f p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425933

ABSTRACT

A temática acerca da Saúde Materna e Infantil tem sido evidenciada nas últimas décadas e o monitoramento dos riscos e dos indicadores de resultados têm sido destacados para as análises visando o alcance de objetivos e metas globais. No Brasil, para determinados indicadores houve melhora, tais como a taxa de mortalidade infantil, proporção de gravidez em adolescentes. Entretanto, na última década, houve piora para outros como taxa de sífilis congênita e taxa de óbitos maternos. O propósito desse estudo foi analisar termos logísticos e funcionais para o monitoramento dos fluxos de casos classificados sob determinadas condições de risco Materno e Infantil em áreas com cobertura de serviços da Estratégia de Saúde da Família no município de São Leopoldo. Especificamente, casos de gestação de alto risco, prematuridade, baixo peso ao nascer e de Sífilis congênita. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, quantitativo, individuado, observacional, transversal e retrospectivo. Foram obtidos dados secundários e o material coletado foi processado com o auxílio do programa de tabulação (Excel). Constatou-se a existência de normas programáticas para as condições de risco. Todavia, não constavam as definições sobre a coordenação dos referidos cuidados. Acerca dos casos identificados em 2019, se observou a existência de registros próprios esparsos, localizados e sem coordenação abrangente. A partir dos registros dos ambulatórios especializados, também não foi possível identificar e evidenciar os (re)fluxos para a APS/ESF. De um modo geral, foi evidenciada uma exígua proporção de casos que estiveram sob os cuidados continuados e a coordenação a partir da rede APS/ESF municipal.


The theme about Maternal and Child Health has been highlighted in recent decades and the monitoring of risks and result indicators have been highlighted for analyzes aimed at achieving global objectives and goals. In Brazil, there was an improvement for certain indicators, such as the infant mortality rate, proportion of teenage pregnancies. However, in the last decade, there was a worsening for others, such as the rate of congenital syphilis and the rate of maternal deaths. The purpose of this study was to analyze logistical and functional terms for monitoring the flows of cases classified under certain conditions of Maternal and Child risk in areas covered by the Family Health Strategy services in the municipality of São Leopoldo. Specifically, cases of high-risk pregnancy, prematurity, low birth weight and congenital syphilis. This is a descriptive, quantitative, individualized, observational, cross- sectional and retrospective study. Secondary data were obtained and the material collected was processed with the aid of the tabulation program (Excel). The existence of programmatic norms for risk conditions was found. However, there were no definitions on the coordination of such care. Regarding the cases identified in 2019, the existence of sparse, localized records without comprehensive coordination was observed. From the records of specialized outpatient clinics, it was also not possible to identify and evidence the (re)flows to the PHC/FHS. In general, a small proportion of cases that were under continued care and coordination from the municipal PHC/FHS network was evidenced.


Subject(s)
Public Health
17.
Adv Rheumatol ; 63: 35, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505591

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is a rare chronic granulomatous vasculitis that affects large vessels and usually begins in women of childbearing age, so it is not uncommon for pregnancies to occur in these patients. However, there is limited information about these pregnancies, with reports of adverse maternal and obstetric outcomes. The objective of this study is to evaluate adverse maternal, fetal and neonatal events in pregnant patients with TA. Methods This is a cross-sectional study with retrospective data collection. We reviewed 22 pregnancies in 18 patients with TAK, according to the American College of Rheumatology criteria, that were followed up in a high-risk prenatal clinic specialized in systemic autoimmune diseases and thrombophilia (PrAT) at Hospital Universitário Pedro Ernesto, from 1998 to 2021. Results In twenty-two pregnancies, the mean age of patients was 28.09 years and the mean duration disease was 10.9 years. Of the 18 patients with TAK studied, only one had the diagnosis during pregnancy and had active disease. All other patients had a previous diagnosis of TAK and only 3 had disease activity during pregnancy. Twelve patients (66.6%) had previous systemic arterial hypertension and eleven (61.1%) had renal involvement. Among maternal complications, eight patients (36.3%) developed preeclampsia and six (27.2%) had uncontrolled blood pressure without proteinuria, while 10 (45%) had puerperal complications. Four (18.1%) births were premature, all due to severe preeclampsia and eight newborns (34.7%) were small for gestational age. When all maternal and fetal/neonatal outcomes included in this study were considered, only 6 (27.2%) pregnancies were uneventful. Conclusion Although there were no maternal deaths or pregnancy losses in this study, the number of adverse events was considerably high. Hypertensive disorders and small for gestational age newborns were more common than general population, while the number of patients with active disease was low. These findings suggest that pregnancies in patients with TAK still have several complications and a high-risk prenatal care and delivery are necessary for these patients.

18.
Ginecol. obstet. Méx ; 91(6): 462-467, ene. 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1506283

ABSTRACT

Resumen ANTECDENTES: El embarazo molar parcial, con feto vivo sano coexistente, es una forma rara de las molas hidatiformes. Debido a los pocos casos reportados se carece de guías que marquen la pauta para la atención médica de estas pacientes. Si bien el riesgo de complicaciones obstétricas en estos casos es alto, un gran porcentaje de las pacientes puede llegar a tener un recién nacido sano. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente de 29 años, primigesta, con embarazo espontáneo. A las 23.3 semanas se detectó, por ultrasonido, que la placenta tenía múltiples imágenes anecoicas en su interior, un patrón en "racimo de uvas" que sugería un posible embarazo molar. La paciente decidió continuar con el embarazo a pesar de haberle explicado los riesgos obstétricos. Durante el resto del embarazo cursó con hipertensión gestacional y trombocitopenia, quizá gestacional. Se decidió la finalización del embarazo por vía abdominal a las 38 semanas. El reporte histopatológico corroboró el diagnóstico de mola hidatiforme parcial. CONCLUSIÓN: El momento de finalización del embarazo se determina con base en las complicaciones de la madre o el feto. Es importante la adecuada comunicación con la paciente.


Abstract BACKGROUND: Partial molar pregnancy with coexisting healthy living fetus is a rare form of hydatidiform molas. Due to the few reported cases, there is a lack of guidelines for the medical care of these patients. Although the risk of obstetric complications in these cases is high, a large percentage of patients may go on to have a healthy newborn. CLINICAL CASE: A 29-year-old primigravida patient with a spontaneous pregnancy. At 23.3 weeks, the placenta was detected by ultrasound to have multiple anechoic images in its interior, a "cluster of grapes" pattern suggesting a possible molar pregnancy. The patient decided to continue with the pregnancy after the obstetric risks were explained to her. During the remainder of the pregnancy she presented with gestational hypertension and thrombocytopenia, perhaps gestational. It was decided to terminate the pregnancy by abdominal approach at 38 weeks. The histopathological report corroborated the diagnosis of partial hydatidiform mole. CONCLUSION: The timing of termination of pregnancy is determined based on maternal or fetal complications. Adequate communication with the patient is important.

19.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(11): e20230511, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514715

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of intrapartum cardiotocography in identifying acidemia at birth by umbilical cord blood gasometry in high-risk pregnancies. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of singleton high-risk parturients using intrapartum cardiotocography categories I, II, and III. The presence of fetal acidemia at birth was identified by the analysis of umbilical cord arterial blood pH (<7.1). Associations between variables were determined using the chi-square test and Kruskal-Wallis tests. RESULTS: We included 105 cases of cardiotocography category I, 20 cases of cardiotocography category II, and 10 cases of cardiotocography category III. cardiotocography category III had a higher prevalence of cesarean sections compared to cardiotocography category I (90.0 vs. 42.9%, p<0.006). Venous pH was higher in patients with cardiotocography category I compared to cardiotocography category III (7.32 vs. 7.23, p=0.036). Prevalence of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission was lower in neonates of patients with cardiotocography category I compared to cardiotocography category III (3.8 vs. 30.0%, p=0.014). Prevalence of composite adverse outcomes was lower in neonates of patients with cardiotocography category I compared to cardiotocography category II (9.5 vs. 30.0%, p=0.022) and cardiotocography category III (9.5 vs. 60.0%, p=0.0004). cardiotocography categories II and III had low sensitivity (0.05 and 0.00, respectively) and high negative predictive value (NPV) (0.84 and 0.91, respectively) for identifying fetal acidemia at birth. The three categories of intrapartum cardiotocography showed high specificities (96.0, 99.0, and 99.0%, respectively). CONCLUSION: All three categories of intrapartum cardiotocography showed low sensitivity and high specificity for identifying acidemia at birth.

20.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448957

ABSTRACT

Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)


Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)


Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Psychosocial Intervention , Heart Defects, Congenital , Anxiety , Orientation , Pain , Parent-Child Relations , Parents , Paternity , Patient Care Team , Patients , Pediatrics , Placenta , Placentation , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Maintenance , Prognosis , Psychoanalytic Theory , Psychology , Puerperal Disorders , Quality of Life , Radiation , Religion , Reproduction , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , General Surgery , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Temperance , Therapeutics , Urogenital System , Bioethics , Physicians' Offices , Infant, Premature , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Pregnancy Outcome , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Family , Abortion, Spontaneous , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Family Health , Survival Rate , Life Expectancy , Cause of Death , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Mapping , Parental Leave , Mental Competency , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Down Syndrome , Perinatal Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Chemical Compounds , Depression, Postpartum , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Disabled Children , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Gravidity , Crisis Intervention , Affect , Cytogenetic Analysis , Spirituality , Complicity , Value of Life , Humanizing Delivery , Death , Decision Making , Defense Mechanisms , Abortion, Threatened , Delivery of Health Care , Dementia , Uncertainty , Organogenesis , Qualitative Research , Pregnant Women , Early Diagnosis , Premature Birth , Nuchal Translucency Measurement , Child Mortality , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Postpartum Period , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological , Ethanol , Ego , Emotions , Empathy , Environment , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Cell Nucleus Shape , Prenatal Nutrition , Cervical Length Measurement , Family Conflict , Family Therapy , Resilience, Psychological , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Gestational Sac , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event , Fetal Death , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Multimodal Imaging , Mortality, Premature , Clinical Decision-Making , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Child, Foster , Freedom , Burnout, Psychological , Birth Setting , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Psychological Distress , Genetics , Psychological Well-Being , Obstetricians , Guilt , Happiness , Health Occupations , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hospitals, University , Human Development , Human Rights , Imagination , Infections , Infertility , Anencephaly , Jurisprudence , Obstetric Labor Complications , Licensure , Life Change Events , Life Support Care , Loneliness , Love , Medical Staff, Hospital , Intellectual Disability , Morals , Mothers , Narcissism , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Neonatology , Nervous System Malformations , Object Attachment
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