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Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431951


Los linfangiomas son malformaciones linfáticas benignas infrecuentes; se manifiestan principalmente en la infancia. Pueden desarrollarse en cualquier zona del cuerpo, más frecuentemente cabeza y cuello, siendo su compromiso faríngeo extremadamente poco común. Dada su clínica inespecífica se requiere un análisis anatomopatológico preciso para concretar un correcto diagnóstico. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 40 años con historia de disfagia y odinofagia de un año de evolución cuyo estudio imagenológico y con nasofibroscopía evidenció un tumor redondeado alojado en seno piriforme derecho, la biopsia excisional confirmó el diagnóstico de linfangioma. Se debe considerar el diagnóstico de linfangioma dentro de los diagnósticos diferenciales de tumores en faringe y concientizar su presencia en pacientes adulto, para ofrecer el manejo óptimo basado, ya sea en escisión quirúrgica completa, para evitar la recurrencia asociado, o al uso de sustancias esclerosantes.

Lymphangiomas are infrequent benign lymphatic malformations, with clinical manifestations mainly at birth or in childhood. They can develop in any area of the body, most frequently the head and neck, and their pharyngeal involvement is extremely rare. Given its nonspecific symptoms, it requires a precise pathological analysis to make a correct diagnosis. We present the case of a 40-year-old woman with a 1-year history of dysphagia and odynophagia whose imaging study and nasofibroscopy revealed a rounded tumor lodged in the right pyriform sinus. The excisional biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of lymphangioma. The diagnosis of lymphangioma should be considered within the differentials of tumors in the pharynx and awareness of its presence in adults to offer optimal management based on complete surgical excision to avoid recurrence or management with use of sclerosing substances.

Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 174-180, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374720


Abstract Introduction: Posterior pharyngeal wall is the most rare subsite for hypopharyngeal carcinomas. Because of its rarity, there are few studies published in the literature specifically concerning posterior pharyngeal wall carcinoma. Objectives: To report our functional results in patients with the carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx after surgical treatment by resection via a lateral or infrahyoid pharyngotomy approach, with the preservation of the larynx and reconstruction with a radial forearm free flap. Methods: The study included 10 patients who underwent surgery for a carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx over a 6 year period. The associated postoperative morbidity was investigated and functional results were analyzed. Results: Nine patients had T3 lesions and one patient had a T2 lesion. The preferred approach to access the hypopharynx was a lateral pharyngotomy in 5 patients and lateral pharyngotomy combined with infrahyoid pharyngotomy in 5 patients with superior extension to oropharynx. The pharyngeal defects were reconstructed successfully with radial forearm free flaps. Four patients received adjuvant radiotherapy only, and 4 patients with N2b and N2c neck diseases received adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. The mean duration of hospitalization was 15.6 days (range, 10-21 days). All patients achieved oral intake in a median time of 74 days (range, 15-180). Decannulation was achieved in all patients and the median time fordecannulation was 90 (range, 21-300 days). The mean followup duration was 38.3 months (range, 10-71 months) and 8 patients survived. One patient died due to regional recurrence in the retropharyngeal lymph nodes and 1 patient died due to systemic metastasis. Conclusion: Primary surgery is still a very effective treatment modality for the carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx and does not permanently compromise the swallowing and laryngeal functions if pharyngeal reconstruction is performed with a free flap.

Resumo Introdução: A parede posterior da faringe é o subsítio mais raro para carcinomas hipofaríngeos. Devido à sua raridade, há poucos estudos publicados na literatura especificamente sobre o carcinoma da parede posterior da faringe. Objetivo: Relatar nossos resultados funcionais em pacientes com carcinoma da parede posterior da hipofaringe após tratamento cirúrgico por ressecção via faringotomia lateral ou infra-hióidea, com preservação da laringe e reconstrução com retalho livre radial do antebraço. Método: O estudo incluiu 10 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia para carcinoma da parede posterior da hipofaringe por 6 anos. A morbidade pós-operatória associada foi investigada e os resultados funcionais foram analisados. Resultados: Nove pacientes apresentaram lesões T3 e um paciente apresentou lesão T2. Avia preferida para acessar a hipofaringe foi a faringotomia lateral em 5 pacientes e a faringotomia lateral combinada com a faringotomia infra-hióidea em 5 pacientes com extensão superior até a orofaringe. Os defeitos faríngeos foram reconstruídos com sucesso com retalhos livres radiais do antebraço. Quatro pacientes receberam apenas radioterapia adjuvante e 4 pacientes com doença cervical N2b e N2c receberam quimiorradioterapia adjuvante. A duração média da hospitalização foi de 15,6 dias (variação de 10 a 21 dias). Todos os pacientes retornaram à ingestão oral em um tempo médio de 74 dias (variação de 15 a 180). A decanulação foi possível para todos os pacientes e o tempo médio foi de 90 dias (variação de 21 a 300 dias). A duração média do seguimento foi de 38,3 meses (10 a 71 meses) e 8 pacientes sobreviveram. Um paciente foi a óbito devido a recorrência regional nos linfonodos retrofaríngeos e outro devido a metástase sistêmica. Conclusão: A cirurgia primária ainda é uma modalidade de tratamento muito eficaz para o carcinoma da parede posterior da hipofaringe e não compromete de forma permanente as funções de deglutição e da laringe se a reconstrução faríngea for feita com retalho livre.

Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Larynx/pathology , Surgical Flaps , Hypopharynx/surgery , Hypopharynx/pathology
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(supl.1): 82-90, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420798


Abstract Introduction Non-response to palatal surgery for OSA is a problem. Residual lateral wall hypopharyngeal collapse is the proposed mechanism of failure. Objective This study aims to evaluate the role of transpalatal advancement pharyngoplasty in non-responders to primary palatal surgery with residual lateral wall hypopharyngeal collapse. Methods This is a retrospective study that was conducted on patients who underwent transpalatal advancement pharyngoplasty for residual lateral wall hypopharyngeal. Inclusion criteria were age greater than 18-years, OSA proved by the polysomnography with apnea hypopnea index >15, lateral wall collapse at the level of hypopharynx as proved by drug-induced sleep endoscopy and had a previous tonsillectomy or previous palatal surgery for OSA. Exclusion criteria were those with no history of tonsillectomy or any other surgery for OSA and those with a missed followup. Data of included patients were collected and included gender, age, polysomnographic data like the apnea hypopnea index, oxygen desaturation and the calculated preoperative Epworth sleepiness scale. The early outcome included symptom improvement as measured by Epworth sleepiness scale score and lateral pharyngeal wall evaluation by nasopharyngoscopic examination in the first postoperative month. Late outcome measurement was performed by the 6-month postoperative polysomnography. Data were analyzed using SPSS program. Results The study included 37 patients with a mean age of (40.43 ± 6.51). The study included 26 men and 11 women. There was a statistically significant improvement of apnea hypopnea index from 37.8 ± 9.93 to 9.9 ± 2.55. In addition, a statistically significant improvement of lowest oxygen saturation from 78.9 ± 3.39 to 83.3 ± 3.31 was encountered. The patients improved clinically, and this improvement was measured by statistically significant improvement of Epworth sleepiness scale score and snoring visual analogue scale. Conclusion Transpalatal advancement pharyngoplasty widens the retropalatal airway and has a great role in the management of the vertical palate phenotype. In addition, it can have a role in the management of lateral walls, especially lateral wall hypopharyngeal collapse.

Resumo Introdução A ausência de resposta à cirurgia palatina para AOS é um problema. O colapso residual da parede lateral da hipofaringe é um mecanismo de falha proposto. Objetivo Avaliar o papel da faringoplastia com avanço transpalatino em pacientes que não responderam à cirurgia palatina primária com colapso residual da parede lateral da hipofaringe. Método Estudo retrospectivo que será feito em casos que receberam faringoplastia com avanço transpalatino para parede lateral da hipofaringe residual. Os critérios de inclusão foram idade maior que 18 anos, AOS comprovada por polissonografia com índice de apneia e hipopneia > 15, colapso da parede lateral ao nível da hipofaringe comprovado por endoscopia do sono induzido por drogas e submetidos a amigdalectomia ou cirurgia palatina anterior para AOS. Os critérios de exclusão foram pacientes sem histórico de amigdalectomia ou qualquer outra cirurgia para AOS e aqueles com perda de seguimento. Os dados dos pacientes incluídos foram coletados e incluíram sexo, idade, dados polissonográficos, como índice de apneia e hipopneia, dessaturação de oxigênio e a escala de sonolência de Epworth calculada no pré‐operatório. O desfecho inicial incluiu melhoria dos sintomas medida pelo escore da escala de sonolência de Epworth e avaliação da parede lateral da faringe por exame nasofaringoscópico no primeiro mês do pós‐operatório. A medida do desfecho tardio foi feita pela polissonografia pós‐operatória de 6 meses. Os dados foram analisados no programa SPSS. Resultados O estudo incluiu 37 pacientes com média de 40,43 ± 6,51 anos. O estudo incluiu 26 homens e 11 mulheres. Houve uma melhoria estatisticamente significante do índice de apneia e hiponeia de 37,8 ± 9,93 para 9,9 ± 2,55. Além disso, foi encontrada uma melhoria estatisticamente significante da menor saturação de oxigênio de 78,9 ± 3,39 para 83,3 ± 3,31. Os pacientes melhoraram clinicamente e essa melhoria foi medida pela melhoria estatisticamente significante no escore da escala de sonolência de Epworth e na escala escala visual analógica do ronco. Conclusão A faringoplastia com avanço transpalatino alarga a via aérea retropalatina e tem um papel importante no manejo do fenótipo do palato vertical. Além disso, ela pode ter um papel no manejo das paredes laterais, especialmente no colapso da parede lateral da hipofaringe.

Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(84): 33-38, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366750


El objetivo del presente trabajo es describir la técnica de mandibulotomía para resección de una lesión oncológica. Se describe el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 79 años con una formación vegetante que se extiende desde el polo inferior amigdalino izquierdo hasta surco glosoepiglótico homolateral y pared lateral de hipofaringe, con diagnóstico de carcinoma epidermoide poco diferenciado invasor. Se realizó la resección del tumor bajo anestesia general en el Hospital Sirio Libanés en mayo de 2019. La técnica de mandibulotomía utilizada en este caso clínico permitió acceder a la cavidad oral y orofaringe para la resección de un tumor no accesible a través de la boca abierta (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Mandibular Osteotomy , Hypopharynx , Argentina , Biopsy/methods , Oral Surgical Procedures , Dental Service, Hospital , Head and Neck Neoplasms
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213927


Epidermoid carcinoma is a frequent tumor in the upper aerodiodestive tracts, and depending on its location and tumor, nodes, metastases(TNM)stage, its therapy and prognosis vary enormously. Its location in the hypopharynx is rare, and in children or young adolescents, this location is extremely rare; The incriminated causes and the pathophysiology of the development of these tumors at this age remain a mystery. We present the case of a young patient of 13 years old, followed for squamous cell carcinoma ofthe right piriform sinus, with contralateral synchronous tonsil localization, and right lateral cervical lymphadenopathy fixed at 5 cm. In the absence of existing guidelines on the management of this type of location at this age, a multi-disciplinary meeting was necessary to decide on the management of this difficult case at this age

Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 11(2): 154-157, Jul. 2019. Ilustraciones
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103150


INTRODUCCIÓN: Los cuerpos extraños alojados en faringe representan problemas clínicos urgentes, que afectan sobre todo a la población pediátrica y de adultos mayores. Solo el 10-20% de casos son complejos y requieren intervenciones no quirúrgicas (endoscopía) y menos del 1% necesitan cirugía. La mayoría de cuerpos son de origen alimenticio y varían entre las diferentes regiones y culturas. Debido a la situación anatómica de la hipofaringe y su cercanía a la laringe y al esfínter cricofaríngeo, la extracción de objetos tiene una alta tasa de éxito mediante endoscopía flexible. Sin embargo, cuando el tratamiento de primera elección falla, los laringofaringoscopios curvados de tipo rígido pueden ser utilizados por su capacidad de mostrar ampliamente la hipofaringe mientras se previene el daño mucoso o perforación faríngea. CASO CLÍNICO: Paciente femenino de 57 años, acudió a emergencias por moderada odinofagia, disfagia a sólidos y sensación de cuerpo extraño intraluminal en cuello, secundarios a ingesta accidental de espina de pescado. La paciente no indicaba tos ni dificultad respiratoria. Se realizó tomografía computarizada de cuello sin contraste que evidenció objeto hiperdenso de 31 mm de largo x 2 mm de ancho, ubicado en forma oblicua en hipofaringe. EVOLUCIÓN: A las 38 horas de hospitalización, se decidió realizar una endoscopia digestiva alta, que extrajo fragmentos pequeños, fallando su extracción total. Se decidió posteriormente el uso de un larngofaringoscopio curvo rígido, para movilizar y extraer el cuerpo extraño de manera atraumática. CONCLUSIÓN: A las 38 horas de hospitalización, se decidió realizar una endoscopia digestiva alta, que extrajo fragmentos pequeños, fallando su extracción total. Se decidió posteriormente el uso de un laringofaringoscopio curvo rígido, para movilizar y extraer el cuerpo extraño de manera atraumática.

BACKGROUND: Foreign bodies located in the pharynx are considered medical urgencies, affecting mainly pediatric population and older adults. Only 10 - 20% of cases are complex and require nonsurgical interventions (endoscopy) and less than 1% need surgery; the majority of foreign bodies are food derivatives. Due to the anatomical situation of the hypopharynx and its proximity to the larynx and the cricopharyngeal sphincter, the extraction of foreign bodies through flexible endoscopy has a high success rate. However, when the first-choice treatment fails, rigid-type curved laryngopharyngoscopy can be used because of its capacity to widely show the hypopharynx while preventing mucosal damage or pharyngeal perforation. CASE REPORT: 57-year-old female patient, who complained of moderate odynophagia, dysphagia to solids and intraluminal foreign body sensation in the neck, secondary to accidental ingestion of a fishbone. The patient denied cough or respiratory distress. Computed tomography of the neck without contrast was performed, which showed an hyperdense object that measured: 31 mm long x 2 mm wide, located obliquely in the hypopharynx. EVOLUTION: Within 38 hours of hospitalization, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed, taking out small fragments, without complete extraction. A rigid curve laryngopharyngoscopy was performed with the extraction of the foreign body without producing any damage. CONCLUSION: Foreign bodies impacted in the hypopharynx need an evaluation and individualized clinical management. The use of the rigid curved laryngopharyngoscope is recommended as an alternative in case of objects that couldn't be extracted by endoscopy and when surgery cannot be performed.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pharynx , Endoscopy , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Hypopharynx/diagnostic imaging , Neck , Eating , Emergencies , Food
Arch. Head Neck Surg ; 48(1): e00232018, Jan-Mar.2019.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1382325


Hypopharyngeal lipoma is a rare entity and is usually asymptomatic until it reaches a large size. The lipoma described in this case was unusual because of its deep extension from the hypopharynx to the visceral space of the neck. On endoscopic and MRI examination the tumour appeared as an encapsulated, well-defined lesion covered by yellowish intact mucosa. The lipoma was completely removed through the transcervical approach. The surgery produced excellent cosmetic results and no functional impairment. The approach used also provided a rapid and uneventful postoperative recovery and optimal locoregional control of the disease during the follow-up period.

Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 110-115, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002174


Abstract Introduction Fish bone foreign body (FFB) impaction in the upper aerodigestive tract is a common cause for emergency department referral. Its management varies in both diagnosis and treatment paradigms. Fish bone foreign bodies are more commonly found in the oropharynx in cases of patients < 40 years old, and in the esophagus in cases of patients > 40 years old. Symptoms are typically non-indicative for the location of the FFB, with the exception of foreign body sensation at/superior to the cervical esophagus. A lack of findings during the physical examination is routinely followed by imaging, with computed tomography (CT) being the preferred modality. In practice, many patients undergo unnecessary imaging studies, including CT scans. Objectives To identify patients with suspected fish bone impaction who do not require CT imaging and can be safely discharged. Data Synthesis We have searched the PubMed database for the following medical subject headings (MeSH) terms: fish bone, fish foreign body AND oropharynx, hypopharynx, esophagus, flexible esophagoscopy, and rigid esophagoscopy. Our search in the English language yielded 32 papers. Case reports were included, since they highlighted rare and serious complications. Conclusion In patients > 40 years old suspected of fish bone impaction, noncontrast CT is recommended and should be urgently performed, even in the presence of ambiguous symptoms. However, in patients < 40 years old presenting within 24 hours from ingestion, imaging has little diagnostic value due to the low probability of esophageal fish bones. For this specific subgroup, in the absence of clinical findings, discharge without imaging studies may be considered safe. (AU)

Humans , Child, Preschool , Adult , Middle Aged , Bone and Bones/diagnostic imaging , Pharyngeal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Esophageal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Fishes , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Prevalence , Esophagoscopy/methods , Foreign Bodies/complications , Foreign Bodies/physiopathology , Foreign Bodies/therapy , Foreign Bodies/epidemiology
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 192-199, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741953


PURPOSE: Use of radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy is increasing in hypopharyngeal cancer. However, many show residual tumor after radiotherapy. Timing for treatment evaluation and salvage therapy is essential. However, optimal timing for salvage surgery has not been suggested. In this study, we tried to evaluate optimal timing for salvage surgery. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients who were diagnosed with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma between 2006 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received definitive radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy. Response of all treated patients were analyzed at 1, 3, and 6 months after radiotherapy. Any patients with progression before 6 months were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 54 patients were analyzed. Complete remission (CR) rates at 1 month (CR1), 3 months (CR3) and 6 months (CR6) were 66.7%, 81.5%, and 90.7%, respectively. Non-CR at 1 month (NCR1), 3 months (NCR3), and 6 months (NCR6) showed poor locoregional recurrence-free survival rates (1-year rates of 63.7%, 66.7%, and 0.0%, respectively) compared to CR1, CR3, and CR6 (1-year rates 94.3%, 88.0%, and 91.5%, respectively). Particularly significant differences were seen between CR6 and NCR6 (p < 0.001). Of 10 patients with NCR3, 5 showed CR at 6 months (NCR3/CR6). There was no statistical difference in locoregional recurrence-free survival between CR3 and NCR3/CR6 group (p = 0.990). CONCLUSION: Our data suggest half of patients who did not show CR at 3 months eventually achieved CR at 6 months. Waiting until 6 months after radiotherapy may be appropriate for avoiding additional salvage therapy.

Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Drug Therapy , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Hypopharynx , Neoplasm, Residual , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy , Survival Rate
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806654


Objective@#To analyze the infection of human papillomavirus and expression of p53 in patients with hypopharynx squamous cell carcinoma.@*Methods@#The pathological samples of 15 clinically diagnosed hypopharynx cancer patients were collected. Lunimex and PCR techniques were used to detect the human papillomavirus (HPV) gene and immunohistochemical method was used to analyze the HPV protein expression in the samples. PCR and direct sequencing were used to screen the mutations in p53 gene and immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expressing profiles of p53 proteins.@*Results@#In the 15 cases, 6 were positive for HPV16/18 gene and 2 cases were positive for HPV16/18 E6 protein expression. The total positive rate was about 46.7% (7/15). In addition, 9 of 15 (60.0%) cases had sequencing-confirmed p53 mutations and p53 immunohistochemistry (IHC) confirmed 9 (60.0%) cases had positive staining.@*Conclusions@#The high HPV infection rate and p53 expression in hypopharynx squamous cell carcinoma patients in the study lays a foundation for further elucidating the pathogenesis of this kind of cancer.

Rev. Fac. Med. (Bogotá) ; 65(supl.1): 25-28, dic. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-896791


Resumen El síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño (SAHOS) es una enfermedad caracterizada por la obstrucción recurrente de la vía aérea superior (VAS), con disminución en el flujo de aire, hipoxemia intermitente y despertares durante el sueño. En la fisiopatología del SAHOS se presentan dos factores esenciales: las alteraciones anatómicas y la disminución o ausencia del control neural. Durante el estudio del SAHOS se debe identificar el sitio o sitios de obstrucción de la VAS, que pueden ir desde las alas nasales hasta la hipofaringe. Otro factor importante en este síndrome es el influjo nervioso en el tono muscular de la hipofaringe, así como los cambios en el pH sanguíneo y secundarios a los microdespertares. La posición corporal y el estadio de sueño son factores determinantes de la severidad. La fisiopatología del SAHOS debe ser entendida para poder estudiar de forma adecuada a un paciente y darle la mejor opción de tratamiento.

Abstract Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a disease characterized by recurrent upper airway obstruction (UAO), with decreased airflow, intermittent hypoxemia, and awakening during sleep. Two essential factors are related to the pathophysiology of OSAHS: anatomical alterations and reduction or absence of neural control. While studying OSAHS, the site or sites of obstruction of the UA should be identified; they may extend from the nasal wings to the hypopharynx. Another important factor in this syndrome is the nervous influence on muscle tone of the hypopharynx, as well as the changes in blood pH, which are secondary to micro-arousals. Body position and sleep stage determine the severity. The pathophysiology of OSAHS should be understood to properly study a patient and provide the best treatment option.

Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(3): 269-275, May-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889260


Abstract Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx and hypopharynx has the potential to invade the thyroid gland. Despite this risk, the proposition of either partial or total thyroidectomy as part of the surgical treatment of all such cases remains controversial. Objectives: To evaluate the frequency of invasion of the thyroid gland in patients with advanced laryngeal or hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma submitted to total laryngectomy or pharyngolaryngectomy and thyroidectomy; to determine whether clinic-pathological characteristics can predict glandular involvement. Methods: A retrospective case series with chart review, from January 1998 to July 2013, was undertaken in a tertiary care university medical center. An inception cohort of 83 patients with larynx/hypopharynx squamous cell carcinoma was considered. All patients had advanced stage disease (clinically T3-T4) and underwent total laryngectomy or total pharyngolaryngectomy in association with thyroidectomy. Adjuvant therapy was indicated when tumor or neck conditions required. Frequency of thyroid cartilage invasion was calculated; univariate and multivariate analysis of demographic, clinical and pathological characteristics associated with cartilage invasion were performed. Results: The overall frequency of invasion of the thyroid gland was 18.1%. Glandular involvement was associated with invasion of the following structures: anterior commissure (odds ratio = 5.13; 95% confidence interval 1.07-24.5), subglottis (odds ratio = 12.44; 95% confidence interval 1.55-100.00) and cricoid cartilage (odds ratio = 15.95; 95% confidence interval 4.23-60.11). Conclusions: Invasion of the thyroid gland is uncommon in the context of laryngopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Clinical and pathological features such as invasion of the anterior commissure, subglottis and cricoid cartilage are more associated with glandular invasion.

Resumo Introdução O carcinoma espinocelular de laringe e hipofaringe tem potencial para invadir a glândula tireoide. Apesar desse risco, a proposição de tireoidectomia parcial ou total como parte do tratamento cirúrgico de todos esses casos permanece controversa. Objetivos Avaliar a frequência de invasão da glândula tireoide em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular avançado de laringe ou hipofaringe submetidos a laringectomia total ou faringolaringectomia e tireoidectomia; determinar se características clínico‐patológicas podem prever o envolvimento glandular. Método Uma série de casos retrospectivos com revisão de prontuários, entre janeiro de 1998 e julho de 2013, foi feita em um centro médico universitário de cuidados terciários. Uma coorte inicial de 83 pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular de laringe/hipofaringe foi considerada. Todos os pacientes tinham doença em estágio avançado (clinicamente T3‐T4) e foram submetidos a laringectomia total ou faringolaringectomia em associação com tireoidectomia. Foi indicada terapia adjuvante quando o tumor ou as condições do pescoço exigiram. A frequência de invasão de cartilagem da tireoide foi calculada; análises univariada e multivariada das características demográficas, clínicas e patológicas associadas à invasão de cartilagem foram feitas. Resultados A frequência global de invasão da glândula tireoide foi de 18,1%. O envolvimento glandular foi associado à invasão das seguintes estruturas: comissura anterior (odds ratio = 5,13; intervalo de confiança 95%, 1,07‐24,5), subglote (odds ratio = 12,44; intervalo de confiança 95%, 1,55‐100,00) e cartilagem cricoide (odds ratio = 15,95; intervalo de confiança 95%, 4,23‐60,11). Conclusões A invasão da glândula tireoide é rara no contexto de carcinoma espinocelular laringofaríngeo. As características clínicas e patológicas, como a invasão da comissura anterior, subglote e cartilagem cricoide, estão mais associadas a invasão glandular.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroid Gland/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Pharyngectomy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngectomy , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Staging
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222400


Ficus carica L. (common fig), one of the first plants cultivated by humans, originated in the Mediterranean basin and currently grows worldwide, including southwest Asia and South Korea. It has been used as a traditional medicine for treatment of metabolic, cardiovascular, and respiratory diseases as well as hemorrhoids and skin infections. Its pharmacological properties have recently been studied in detail, but research on the anti-cancer effect of its latex has been only been studied on a limited basis on several cell lines, such prostate cancer, breast cancer, and leukemia. In this study, we investigated the anti-cancer activity of the latex of Ficus carica L.and its underlying mechanism in FaDu human hypopharynx squamous carcinoma cells. (See Ed. note above) We confirmed through SDS-PAGE analysis and gelatinolytic activity analysis that the latex of Ficus carica contains cysteine protease ficin. Our data showed that the latex inhibited cell growth in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, the latex treatment markedly induced apoptosis in FaDu cells as determined by FACS analysis, elevated expression level of cleaved caspase-9, -3 and PARP (poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase), and. increased the expression of Bax (pro-apoptotic factor) while decreasing the expression of Bcl-2 (anti-apoptotic factor). Taken together, these results suggested that latex containing the ficin inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis by caspase and the Bcl-2 family signaling pathway in FaDu human hypopharynx squamous carcinoma cells. These findings point to the potential of latex of Ficus carica to provide a novel chemotherapeutic drug due to its growth inhibition effects and induction of apoptosis in human oral cancer cells.

Humans , Humans , Apoptosis , Asia , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Carica , Caspase 9 , Cell Line , Cysteine Proteases , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Ficain , Ficus , Hemorrhoids , Hypopharynx , Korea , Latex , Leukemia , Medicine, Traditional , Mouth Neoplasms , Prostatic Neoplasms , Skin
Radiol. bras ; 49(1): 21-25, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: lil-775193


Abstract Objective: The present study was aimed at describing a single-institution experience in the curative treatment of patients diagnosed with locally advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Materials and Methods: Data concerning all patients treated for locally advanced hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma between January 2006 and June 2012 were reviewed. Results: A total of 144 patients were included in the present study. The median follow-up period was 36.6 months. Median survival was 26 months, and 2-year and 5-year overall survival rates were, 51% and 30.5%, respectively. Median recurrence-free survival was 18 months and 2-year and 5-year recurrence-free survival rates were 42.8% and 28.5%, respectively. Conclusion: The outcomes in the present series are in line with the literature.

Resumo Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo é descrever a experiência de uma instituição no tratamento com intenção curativa de doentes diagnosticados com carcinoma espinocelular da hipofaringe localmente avançado. Materiais e Métodos: Os dados relativos aos doentes portadores de carcinoma espinocelular da hipofaringe localmente avançado tratados entre janeiro de 2006 e junho de 2012 foram revistos. Resultados: Foram incluídos 144 doentes. O tempo mediano de seguimento foi 36,6 meses. A sobrevivência mediana, aos 2 anos e aos 5 anos foi 26 meses, 51% e 30,5%, respectivamente. A sobrevivência livre de recorrência mediana, aos 2 anos e aos 5 anos foi 18 meses, 42,8% e 28,5%, respectivamente. Conclusão: Os resultados encontrados na nossa série estão em acordo com a literatura.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-92447


BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare postoperative morbidities and functional outcomes of pectoralis major myocutaneous (PMMC) flap and cutaneous free flap reconstruction approaches in hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records from 99 patients who underwent hypopharyngeal reconstruction with a cutaneous free flap (n=85) or PMMC flap (n=14) between 1995 and 2013. Morbidity was classified into hospitalization, medical, or flap-related complications. Functional outcomes were classified into oral re-alimentation and decannulation time. RESULTS: The overall flap-related complication rate was higher in the PMMC flap group (n=8, 57.1%; P=0.019), but the medical morbidity rate was higher in the cutaneous free flap group (n=68, 80%; P=0.006). The rate of pneumonia was higher in the cutaneous free flap group (n=48, 56.5%; P=0.020). Pulmonary premorbidity was the variable most significantly associated with pneumonia (odds ratio=3.012, P=0.012). There was no statistically significant difference in oral re-alimentation and decannulation time between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Although the functional superiority of free flaps has been reported in many studies, our results do not support this hypothesis. One limitation of our study is the relatively smaller flap size and fewer PMMC flap cases compared with the cutaneous free flap group. The low postoperative medical morbidity incidence rate in the PMMC flap group was clinically significant; however, the free flap group had more flap-related complications. Thus, PMMC flaps should be considered a viable option, especially for patients with pulmonary premorbidities.

Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Free Tissue Flaps , Hospitalization , Hypopharynx , Incidence , Pneumonia , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58491


Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is considered relatively safe but semi-invasive. The hypopharyngeal and esophageal injury is infrequent complication of TEE but could be serious, even life-threatening. We present a case of a 74-year-old man who experienced a deep neck infection secondary to hypopharyngeal injury following TEE. The diagnosis was made because of the subcutaneous emphysema developed 3 hours after TEE. In spite of antibiotics therapy with prolonged fasting, a right parapharyngeal and retropharyngeal abscess was developed 5 days later. With ultrasound-guided drainage of abscess and continuous antibiotic treatment, infection was controlled. The patent underwent mitral valve repair after 14 days of antibiotic therapy. The patient recovered uneventfully. For cardiologists performing TEE, it is required to know complications and their risk factors to minimize hypopharyngeal and esophageal injury.

Aged , Humans , Abscess , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Diagnosis , Drainage , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Fasting , Hypopharynx , Mitral Valve , Neck , Retropharyngeal Abscess , Risk Factors , Subcutaneous Emphysema
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477945


Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) combined with concurrent chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx. Methods:Patients with stageⅢ-ⅣA carcinoma of the hypopharynx were treated with IMRT and cisplatin-based concurrent chemotherapy. Two groups were di-vided according to the prescription dose to the primary gross tumor volume, as follows:Cohort-1 comprised patients who were recruit-ed before February 2013 (70 Gy/33 F and 2.12 Gy/F);and Cohort-2 comprised patients who were recruited since February 2013 (69 Gy/30 F and 2.30 Gy/F). Acute toxicities were evaluated. This study was registered with the number ChiCTR-ONRC-14004240. Results:Between August 2008 and December 2014, a total of 76 patients (35 in Cohort-1 and 41 in Cohort-2) were recruited. No xerostomia of grade 3 and higher was observed in all patients, who showed low incidences of grade 3 skin reaction, oral mucositis, and dysphagia. All patients did not show acute toxicities of higher than grade 4. No statistical differences in acute toxicities were observed between the two cohorts. No statistical difference was observed in acute toxicities between the IMRT techniques. Induction chemotherapy was the inde-pendent prognostic factor for grade 2 xerostomia (P=0.002). Conclusion:The 69 Gy/30 F hypofractionated IMRT was safe and effec-tive in the treatment of locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx. Late toxicities and long-term outcome need to be investigated further.

Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 86-88, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499235


Hypopharyngeal cancer is considered to be one of the head and neck tumor with poor progno -sis.The clinical curative effect of different treatments for hypopharyngeal cancer is also different .Surgery and ra-diotherapy of comprehensive treatment are the main treatments of hypopharyngeal cancer .Chemotherapy and bio-logical therapy also plays an important role on hypopharyngeal cancer .In this paper,we summarize the clinical curative effect of different treatments for hypopharyngeal cancer .

Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-644383


Giant fibrovascular polyps of the esophagus and hypopharynx are rare, benign, and tumor-like lesions of the upper digestive tract. Due to the initial lack of symptoms, these polyps are often clinically undiagnosed or misdiagnosed until they are significant in size. Most of them can be surgically removed by a cervical incision approach or endoscopic approach. However, we experienced a case of 37 years old male patient, who had a giant fibrovascular polyp of the hypopharynx removed by transoral approach because of the location and size of the stalk. We present this case of a giant fibrovascular polyp of the hypopharynx with a brief review of literature.

Humans , Male , Esophagus , Gastrointestinal Tract , Hypopharynx , Polyps
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908106


La utilización del LASER de CO2 en laringología comenzó en la década del ‘80, permitiendo la exéresis de tumores por vía transoral. Su indicación se basa en los excelentes resultados oncológicos. La función deglutoria postquirúrgica es un factor importante en la calidad de vida de los pacientes con cáncer del tracto aerodigestivo superior. Los resultados de la deglución son relevantes para elegir la modalidad terapéutica, la cual debe ser no sólo efectiva en controlar el cáncer sino también en preservar la función del órgano. El grado y el tipo de alteración deglutoria deben ser determinados en forma precisa, para establecer el tratamiento postoperatorio adecuado. Esto es posible mediante estudios como la videodeglución y la evaluación endoscópica de la deglución (FEESST)...

The CO2 laser have been used for treatment of laryngeal cancers since 1980, with excellent oncological results. The swallowing plays an important roll in superior aerodigestive cáncer patient. Swallowing results are relevant to choose the therapeutic modality, which must be effective in controlling not only cancer but also in preserving organ function. The degree and type of swallowing impairment must be determined precisely, to establish the appropriate postoperative treatment. This is possible through studies like videodeglucion and endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEESST)...

O uso do laser de CO2 laringologia começou nos anos 80, permitindo a excisão tumor transoral. A indicação baseia-se nos excelentes resultados oncológicos. Função de deglutição pós-cirúrgico é uma importante qualidade de vida de pacientes com câncer do fator trato aerodigestivo superior. Engolindo resultados são relevantes para escolher a modalidade terapêutica, que deve ser eficaz no controle não só do câncer, mas também em preservar a função do órgão. O grau e tipo de comprometimento da deglutição deve ser determinada com precisão, para estabelecer o tratamento pós-operatório adequado. Isso é possível através de estudos como videodeglucion e avaliação endoscópica da deglutição (FEESST)...

Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Deglutition Disorders/diagnosis , Deglutition Disorders/etiology , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/complications , Laryngeal Neoplasms/complications , Laser Therapy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis