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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243629, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285611

ABSTRACT

Abstract As an important enzyme, xylanase is widely used in the food, pulp, and textile industry. Different applications of xylanase warrant specific conditions including temperature and pH. This study aimed to carry out sodium alginate beads as carrier to immobilize previous reported mutated xylanase from Neocallimastix patriciarum which expressed in E. coli, the activity of immobilization of mutated xylanase was elevated about 4% at pH 6 and 13% at 62 °C. Moreover, the immobilized mutated xylanase retained a greater proportion of its activity than the wide type in thermostability. These properties suggested that the immobilization of mutated xylanase has potential to apply in biobleaching industry.


Resumo Como importante enzima, a xilanase é amplamente utilizada na indústria alimentícia, de celulose e têxtil. Diferentes aplicações de xilanase garantem condições específicas, incluindo temperatura e pH. Este estudo teve como objetivo realizar grânulos de alginato de sódio como carreador para imobilizar xilanase mutada relatada anteriormente de Neocallimastix patriciarum que expressa em E. coli, a atividade de imobilização da xilanase mutada foi elevada em cerca de 4% em pH 6 e 13% a 62 °C. Além disso, a xilanase mutada imobilizada reteve uma proporção maior de sua atividade do que o tipo amplo em termoestabilidade. Essas propriedades sugerem que a imobilização da xilanase mutada tem potencial para aplicação na indústria de biobranqueamento.


Subject(s)
Neocallimastix , Temperature , Escherichia coli/genetics
2.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 37(1): 121-124, jan.mar.2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368277

ABSTRACT

Úlceras por pressão são lesões ocasionadas na pele e tecidos subjacentes devido à força de pressão local, geralmente em pontos de proeminências ósseas. Cita-se aqui o caso de uma paciente acamada devido à lesão medular por mielomeningocele que evoluiu com úlcera em região isquiática à direita, tratada com técnica de retalhos muscular e fasciocutâneo de face posterior da coxa. Por ser lesão rotineiramente encontrada nesses pacientes portadores de limitações funcionais, é fundamental a realização de tratamentos adequados que visem a melhora clínica do paciente e minimizar índice de recidivas. Além disso, é de suma importância a implementação de novas técnicas cirúrgicas, haja vista a enorme variedade de lesões por pressão


Pressure ulcers are injuries to the skin and underlying tissues due to local pressure force, usually at points of bony prominence. We mention here the case of a bedridden patient due to a spinal cord injury caused by myelomeningocele that evolved with an ulcer in the right sciatic region, treated with the muscle flap and fasciocutaneous flap technique of the posterior thigh. As it is a lesion routinely found in these patients with functional limitations, it is essential to carry out appropriate treatments aimed at improving the patients clinical condition and minimizing the rate of recurrences. In addition, the implementation of new surgical techniques is of utmost importance, given the enormous variety of pressure injuries

3.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e244496, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278474

ABSTRACT

Abstract Enzymes immobilized onto substrates with excellent selectivity and activity show a high stability and can withstand extreme experimental conditions, and their performance has been shown to be retained after repeated uses. Applications of immobilized enzymes in various fields benefit from their unique characteristics. Common methods, including adsorption, encapsulation, covalent attachment and crosslinking, and other emerging approaches (e.g., MOFs) of enzyme immobilization have been developed mostly in recent years. In accordance with these immobilization methods, the present review elaborates the application of magnetic separable nanoparticles and functionalized SBA-15 and MCM-41 mesoporous materials used in the immobilization of enzymes.


Resumo Enzimas imobilizadas em substratos com excelente seletividade e atividade apresentam alta estabilidade e podem suportar condições experimentais extremas, e seu desempenho foi mantido após repetidos usos. As aplicações de enzimas imobilizadas em vários campos se beneficiam de suas características únicas. Métodos comuns, incluindo adsorção, encapsulamento, ligação covalente e reticulação, e outras abordagens emergentes (por exemplo, MOFs) de imobilização de enzima, foram desenvolvidos principalmente nos últimos anos. De acordo com esses métodos de imobilização, a presente revisão elabora a aplicação de nanopartículas magnéticas separáveis ​​e materiais mesoporosos funcionalizados SBA-15 e MCM-41 usados ​​na imobilização de enzimas.


Subject(s)
Enzymes, Immobilized/metabolism , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Enzyme Stability , Adsorption , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
4.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(4): 832-837, dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1353504

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Apresentar o protocolo de um estudo que procura desenvolver uma escala para avaliação do desconforto provocado pela imobilização nas vítimas de trauma e um modelo de maca eficaz na imobilização da vítima de trauma em desenvolvimento. Método: Realizar-se-ão quatro estudos sequenciais: Estudo descritivo, exploratório de abordagem quantitativa para avaliar o grau de desconforto provocado pela imobilização na maca de vácuo e/ou plano duro; Estudo psicométrico para construir e validar um instrumento que permita avaliar o desconforto provocado pela imobilização na maca de vácuo e plano duro; Construção da ImoConfort Mattress para imobilização e transporte de vítimas; e Ensaio clínico randomizado para avaliar a eficácia da ImoConfort Mattress quanto ao conforto, imobilização, aquecimento e controlo da trepidação/vibração provocada pelo transporte. Considerações finais: A criação de um instrumento que monitorize o desconforto durante o socorro e transporte com imobilização, contribuirá para melhorar o tratamento implementado às vítimas de trauma. Espera-se que a ImoConfort Mattress contribua para a melhoria da qualidade da assistência clínica durante o socorro extra-hospitalar. (AU)


Objective: To present the protocol of a study that seeks to develop a scale to assess the discomfort caused by immobilisation in trauma victims and an effective mattress model for immobilization of trauma victims, in desenvolviment. Methods: Four sequential studies will be carried out: Descriptive, exploratory quantitative approach study to assess the degree of discomfort caused by the vacuum mattress splint and/or spine board; Psychometric study to construct and validate an instrument to assess the discomfort caused by immobilization on vacuum mattress splint and/or spine board; Construction of the ImoConfort Mattress for immobilization and transportation of victims; Randomized clinical trial to assess the effectiveness of the mattress in terms of comfort, immobilization, rewarming and control of trepidation/vibration caused by transportation. Final considerations: The creation of an instrument to monitor discomfort during rescue and transport with immobilisation will help to improve all the treatment implemented for trauma victims. The construction of ImoConfort Mattress will improve the quality of clinical care during out-of-hospital rescue. (AU)


Objetivo: Presentar el protocolo de un estudio que pretende desarrollar una escala para evaluar las molestias causadas por la inmovilización en las víctimas de trauma y un modelo de una camilla efectiva para la inmovilización de la víctima de trauma en desenvolvimiento. Métodos: Se llevarán a cabo cuatro estudios secuenciales: Estudio descriptivo y exploratorio del enfoque cuantitativo para evaluar el grado de incomodidad causado por la camilla de vacío y/o plano duro; Estudio psicométrico para construir y validar un instrumento para evaluar la incomodidad causada por la inmovilización; Construcción del ImoConfort Mattress para la inmovilización y el transporte de las víctimas; Ensayo clínico aleatorio para evaluar la eficacia de la camilla respecto a la comodidad, la inmovilización, el calentamiento y el control de las trepidaciones/vibraciones causadas por el transporte. Consideraciones finales: La creación de un instrumento para monitorizar la incomodidad durante el rescate y el transporte con inmovilización contribuirá a mejorar todo el tratamiento aplicado a las víctimas de trauma. La construcción del ImoConfort Mattress mejorará la calidad de la atención clínica durante la ayuda extrahospitalaria. (AU)


Subject(s)
Wounds and Injuries , Prehospital Care , Patient Comfort , Immobilization
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 721-725, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355630

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cast immobilization is used in the management of various injuries of joints and/or limbs. A variety of nail disorders have been reported in association with cast immobilization of the forearm and wrist among a limited number of patients so far. The mechanism was not clearly identified in some of these cases. Here, the authors report two patients with nail disorders appeared after the removal of immobilization cast of forearm and wrist and review the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forearm , Nail Diseases/etiology , Wrist , Immobilization/adverse effects
6.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353490

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: A Artrogripose Múltipla Congênita (AMC) é uma síndrome rara, que representa um grupo de condições congênitas caracterizado por contraturas articulares em duas ou mais articulações, não progressivas, geralmente simétricas, de etiologia desconhecida e que pode estar associada a outras malformações, como viscerais e neurológicas. Apresenta-mos dois casos isolados com achados característicos de AMC, atendidos em ambulatório de pediatria de alto risco de uma cidade do Oeste do Paraná. Caso 1: lactente, sexo feminino, 14 dias de vida, com redução dos movimentos fetais referidos pela mãe, apresentando malformações envolvendo somente os membros, visualizadas logo após o nasci-mento. Caso 2: lactente, sexo masculino, quatro meses de vida, com diagnóstico de hipocinesia fetal ao ultrassom obstétrico de 23 semanas, ao nascimento apresenta contraturas dos membros e disfunção do sistema nervoso cen-tral. O diagnóstico da artrogripose é complexo e essencialmente clínico, sendo necessária uma anamnese meticulosa, contemplando uma avaliação da gestação, via de parto, história familiar e um exame físico minucioso, classificando quais os tipos de contraturas, membros envolvidos, presença de musculatura alterada e de alterações neurológicas, a fim de diferenciar a AMC das outras síndromes que também cursam com contraturas articulares. O seguimento e tratamento dos lactentes com artrogripose devem ocorrer em acompanhamento multidisciplinar devido às variadas manifestações que a doença pode apresentar e à característica de recidiva ao longo dos anos. (AU)


ABSTRACTArthrogryposis Multiple Congenita (AMC) is a rare syndrome that represents a group of congenital conditions character-ized by joint contractures in two or more joints, non-progressive, usually symmetrical, of unknown etiology and which may be associated with other malformations, such as visceral and neurological. We present two isolated cases with characteristic features of AMC, seen in a high-risk pediatrics outpatient clinic in a city in western Paraná. Case 1: infant, female, 14 days old, with reduced fetal movements reported by the mother, presenting malformations involving only the limbs, seen immediately after birth. Case 2: infant, male, four months old, diagnosed with fetal hypokinesia on 23-week obstetric ultrasound, at birth, presents limb contractures and central nervous system dysfunction. The diagnosis of ar-throgryposis is complex and essentially clinical, requiring a meticulous anamnesis, including an assessment of pregnan-cy, delivery, family history and a thorough physical examination, classifying what types of contractures, involved limbs, presence of altered musculature and neurological changes to differentiate AMC from other syndromes that also have joint contractures. The aftercare and treatment of infants with arthrogryposis must occur in multidisciplinary follow-up due to the varied manifestations that the disease may present and the characteristic of recurrence over the years. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Arthrogryposis , Congenital Abnormalities , Contracture , Extremities , Integrality in Health , Immobilization
7.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 50: 10-15, Mar. 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292308

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: LXYL-P1-2 is the first reported glycoside hydrolase that can catalyze the transformation of 7-b-xylosyl-10-deacetyltaxol (XDT) to 10-deacetyltaxol (DT) by removing the D-xylosyl group at the C7 position. Successful synthesis of paclitaxel by one-pot method combining the LXYL-P1-2 and 10- deacetylbaccatin III-10-b-O-acetyltransferase (DBAT) using XDT as a precursor, making LXYL-P1-2 a highly promising enzyme for the industrial production of paclitaxel. The aim of this study was to investigate the catalytic potential of LXYL-P1-2 stabilized on magnetic nanoparticles, the surface of which was modified by Ni2+-immobilized cross-linked Fe3O4@Histidine. RESULTS: The diameter of matrix was 20­40 nm. The Km value of the immobilized LXYL-P1-2 catalyzing XDT (0.145 mM) was lower than that of the free enzyme (0.452 mM), and the kcat/Km value of immobilized enzyme (12.952 mM s 1 ) was higher than the free form (8.622 mM s 1 ). The immobilized form maintained 50% of its original activity after 15 cycles of reuse. In addition, the stability of immobilized LXYL-P1-2, maintained 84.67% of its initial activity, improved in comparison with free form after 30 d storage at 4 C. CONCLUSIONS: This investigation not only provides an effective procedure for biocatalytic production of DT, but also gives an insight into the application of magnetic material immobilization technology.


Subject(s)
Paclitaxel/biosynthesis , Glycoside Hydrolases/metabolism , Kinetics , Enzymes, Immobilized , Nanoparticles , Magnets
8.
Salud colect ; 17: e3045, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290033

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La sujeción mecánica en psiquiatría es un procedimiento permitido en España que despierta importantes conflictos éticos. Diversos estudios sostienen que su uso depende de factores no clínicos, como las experiencias de los profesionales y las influencias del contexto, más que de factores clínicos (diagnósticos o síntomas). El objetivo del estudio es comprender las experiencias de profesionales de salud mental en formación en relación con el uso de sujeciones en la red de salud mental de Madrid. Es un estudio cualitativo de tipo fenomenológico mediante grupos focales, realizados en 2017. Las entrevistas fueron transcritas para su discusión y análisis temático mediante Atlas.ti. Los resultados descriptivos sugieren que estas medidas producen malestar y conflicto con relación al rol de cuidador y se observan estrategias de adaptación a los mismos. A partir de los hallazgos, se reflexiona acerca de aspectos de sus experiencias y del contexto que influyen en su uso, así como de las contradicciones del cuidado en la práctica clínica


ABSTRACT Mechanical restraint is a coercive procedure in psychiatry, which despite being permitted in Spain, raises significant ethical conflicts. Several studies argue that non-clinical factors - such as professionals' experiences and contextual influences - may play a more important role than clinical factors (diagnosis or symptoms) in determining how these measures are employed. The aim of this study is to understand how the experiences of mental health professionals in training relate to the use of mechanical restraints in Madrid's mental health network. Qualitative phenomenological research was conducted through focus groups in 2017. Interviews were transcribed for discussion and thematic analysis with Atlas.ti. Descriptive results suggest that these measures generate emotional distress and conflict with their role as caregivers. Our findings shed light on different factors related to their experiences and contexts that are important in understanding the use of mechanical restraint, as well as the contradictions of care in clinical practice


Subject(s)
Humans , Mental Health , Coercion , Spain , Restraint, Physical , Qualitative Research , Human Rights
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910535

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily observe the feasibility of different immobilization techniques for total skin irradiation (TSI) using helical tomotherapy.Methods:Three eczema scrophuloderma patients treated with TSI in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were immobilized with low-temperature thermoplastic in a prone position, diving suit combined with negative pressure vacuum bag in a supine position, low-temperature thermoplastic combined with vacuum bag in a supine position, respectively. Different immobilization effects were observed. The conformity index (CI) of the target area, heterogeneity index (HI) of the target area, and the mean dose (D mean) of the target area were calculated. Results:Three immobilization methods could achieve satisfactory immobilization effects, and all the dosimetric parameters of radiation treatment plans met the clinical requirements. The average set-up errors in the left and right, head and foot, and abdomen and back directions of three patients were (0.26±3.40) mm, (-2.63±4.63) mm and (6.13±4.86) mm, respectively. The CI, HI andD mean were0.56±0.09, 1.186±0.059 and (2586.56±63.28) cGy. Conclusions:Low-temperature thermoplastic or diving suits can be combined with vacuum bags for immobilization in TSI. The epidermal dose can be increased with bolus through the dose-building effect, which can provide a safe and reliable method for TSI in helical tomotherapy.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4169-4186, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921497

ABSTRACT

Glycoside compounds are widely used in medicine, food, surfactant, and cosmetics. The glycosidase-catalyzed synthesis of glycoside can be operated at mild reaction conditions with low material cost. The glycosidase-catalyzed processes include reverse hydrolysis and transglycosylation, appropriately reducing the water activity in both processes may effectively improve the catalytic efficiency of glucosidase. However, glucosidase is prone to be deactivated at low water activity. Thus, glucosidase was immobilized to maintain its activity in the low water activity environment, and even in neat organic solvent system. This article summarizes the advances in glycosidase immobilization in the past 30 years, including single or comprehensive immobilization techniques, and immobilization techniques combined with genetic engineering, with the aim to provide a reference for the synthesis of glycosides using immobilized glycosidases.


Subject(s)
Catalysis , Enzymes, Immobilized , Glycoside Hydrolases/genetics , Glycosides/biosynthesis , Hydrolysis
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2936-2946, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887855

ABSTRACT

A stable Zr-based metal-organic framework (MOF, UiO-66-NH2) synthesized via micro-water solvothermal method was used to immobilize amidase by using the glutaraldehyde crosslinking method. The effect of immoblization conditions on enzyme immoblization efficiency was studied. An activity recovery rate of 86.4% and an enzyme loading of 115.3 mg/g were achieved under the optimal conditions: glutaraldehyde concentration of 1.0%, cross-linking time of 180 min, and the weight ratio of MOF to enzyme of 8:1. The optimal temperature and optimal pH of the immobilized amidase were determined to be 40 °C and 9.0, respectively, and the Km, Vmax and kcat of the immoblized amidase were 58.32 mmol/L, 16.23 μmol/(min·mg), and 1 670 s⁻¹, respectively. The immobilized enzyme was used for (S)-4-fluorophenylglycine synthesis and the optimal reaction conditions were 300 mmol/L of N-phenylacetyl-4-fluorophenylglycine, 10 g/L of immobilized enzyme loading, and reacting for 180 min at pH 9.0 and 40 °C. A conversion rate of 49.9% was achieved under the optimal conditions, and the conversion rate can be increased to 99.9% under the conditions of enantiomeric excess. The immobilized enzyme can be repeatedly used, 95.8% of its original activity can be retained after 20 cycles.


Subject(s)
Amidohydrolases , Enzyme Stability , Enzymes, Immobilized/metabolism , Glycine/analogs & derivatives , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Metal-Organic Frameworks , Temperature
12.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887184

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to evaluate the mechanical strength of immobilized osteopenia using a fixed limb rat model.Methods:Eight-week-old specific-pathogen-free male Wistar rats were divided into two groups, a control group (n=32) and an immobilized group (n=32). The hind limbs of the immobilized group were fixed using an orthopedic cast, and the fixation periods were set for 1, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Feeding and weight-bearing were permitted. After each fixation period, the length of the right femoral bone was measured, and three-point bending at the midshaft and uniaxial compression test at the distal metaphysis were performed with a universal material testing apparatus. The maximum force and breaking force in the bending test and ultimate load in the compression test were statistically analyzed.Results:The values of the maximum force and breaking force in the immobilized group were significantly lower than those in the control group at 4, 8, and 12 weeks (p<0.05). The ultimate load of the distal metaphysis in the immobilized group decreased from 1 week after fixation, and the gap with the control group widened as the fixation period extended.Conclusion:The results of this study indicate that bone weakness caused by immobilized osteopenia arises after 1 week in the metaphysis and after 4 weeks in the midshaft.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 615-624, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878586

ABSTRACT

To effectively solve the serious impact of high oil in the kitchen wastewater on the downstream treatment process, an excellent oil-degrading strain Aeromonas allosaccarophila CY-01 was immobilized to prepare Chitosan-Aeromonas pellets (CH-CY01) by using chitosan as a carrier. Oil degradation condition and efficiency of CH-CY01 pellets were assessed. The growth of immobilized CH-CY01 was almost unaffected, and the maximum degradation rate of soybean oil was 89.7%. Especially at 0.5% NaCl concentration, oil degradation efficiency of CH-CY01 was increased by 20% compared with free cells. In the presence of a surfactant (sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate) at 1 mg/L, the degradation efficiency of oil by CH-CY01 was increased by 40%. Moreover, using the high-oil catering wastewater as the substrate, more than 80% of the solid oil was degraded with 1% (V/V) CH-CY01 pellets treatment for 7 days, significantly higher than that of free cells. In summary, immobilized CH-CY01 significantly improved the efficiency of oil degradation.


Subject(s)
Aeromonas , Chitosan , Surface-Active Agents , Waste Water
14.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874023

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to evaluate the mechanical strength of immobilized osteopenia using a fixed limb rat model.Methods:Eight-week-old specific-pathogen-free male Wistar rats were divided into two groups, a control group (n=32) and an immobilized group (n=32). The hind limbs of the immobilized group were fixed using an orthopedic cast, and the fixation periods were set for 1, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Feeding and weight-bearing were permitted. After each fixation period, the length of the right femoral bone was measured, and three-point bending at the midshaft and uniaxial compression test at the distal metaphysis were performed with a universal material testing apparatus. The maximum force and breaking force in the bending test and ultimate load in the compression test were statistically analyzed.Results:The values of the maximum force and breaking force in the immobilized group were significantly lower than those in the control group at 4, 8, and 12 weeks (p<0.05). The ultimate load of the distal metaphysis in the immobilized group decreased from 1 week after fixation, and the gap with the control group widened as the fixation period extended.Conclusion:The results of this study indicate that bone weakness caused by immobilized osteopenia arises after 1 week in the metaphysis and after 4 weeks in the midshaft.

15.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 36(4): e1283, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289419

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Autoimmune hemolytic anemia is a rare disorder characterized by hemolysis mediated by autoantibodies directed against red blood cells. The demonstration of antibody specificity is a very difficult procedure since autoantibodies in general are nonspecific of antigens and react with all erythrocytes analyzed. Occasionally, specificity is observed against the Rh system antigens. Objective: To determinate the specificity of erythrocytes autoantibodies in DAT positive autoimmune hemolytic anemia by MAIEA technique. Methods: The specificity and isotype of erythrocyte autoantibodies were determined in the eluate of 109 blood samples from patients with warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia, by means of the MAIEA technique and the use of monoclonal antibodies that recognized 11 blood group systems and the protein CD47. Results: In 100 percent of cases autoantibodies against Rh system antigens were detected; in 24 cases we detected autoantibodies of IgA and IgM isotypes that recognized different antigens that were recognized by IgG isotype autoantibodies. For idiopathic and secondary warm autoimmune hemolytic anemias, predominance was observed against three or more specificities. IgG was detected in 99.09 percent of the eluates, IgA in 35.77 percent and IgM in 16.51 percent. The high degree of hemolysis was related to the presence of several isotype autoantibodies against four or more blood group specificities. Conclusions: The MAIEA technique is a sensitive method that can be used to determine the specificities and isotypes of autoantibodies in patients with warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia.


Introducción: La anemia hemolítica autoinmune es un trastorno poco común, caracterizado por hemólisis mediada por autoanticuerpos dirigidos contra los glóbulos rojos. La demostración de la especificidad de los anticuerpos es un procedimiento muy difícil, ya que los autoanticuerpos en general no son específicos de los antígenos y reaccionan con todos los eritrocitos analizados. Ocasionalmente, se observa especificidad contra los antígenos del sistema Rh. Objetivo: Determinar la especificidad de los autoanticuerpos eritrocitarios en pacientes con anemias hemolíticas autoinmunes PAD positivas con el empleo de la técnica MAIEA Métodos: Se determinó la especificidad e isotipo de los autoanticuerpos eritrocitarios en el eluido de 109 muestras de sangre de pacientes con anemia hemolítica autoinmune caliente, mediante la técnica de MAIEA y el uso de anticuerpos monoclonales que reconocieron 11 sistemas de grupos sanguíneos y la proteína CD47. Resultados: En el ciento por ciento de los casos se detectaron autoanticuerpos contra los antígenos del sistema Rh. En 24 casos se descubrió autoanticuerpos de isotipos IgA e IgM que reconocieron diferentes antígenos que fueron a su vez reconocidos por autoanticuerpos de isotipo IgG. Se observó para las anemias hemolíticas autoinmunes calientes idiopáticas y secundarias; predominio frente a tres o más especificidades. Se detectó IgG en el 99,09 por ciento de los eluidos, IgA en 35,77 por ciento e IgM en 16,51 por ciento. El alto grado de hemólisis se relacionó con la presencia de varios isotipos de autoanticuerpos contra cuatro o más especificidades de grupos sanguíneos. Conclusiones: La técnica MAIEA es un método sensible que puede usarse para determinar las especificidades e isotipos de autoanticuerpos en pacientes con anemia hemolítica autoinmune caliente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Group Antigens , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M , Sensitivity and Specificity , Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibody Specificity
16.
Eng. sanit. ambient ; 25(6): 833-845, nov.-dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142920

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Este trabalho objetivou imobilizar metais pesados presentes nos resíduos de quartzito por meio da incorporação em argamassas em substituição total ao agregado natural. Dois tipos de resíduos foram utilizados: os resíduos de fragmentação das aparas (QS) e os do pó de serragem (QP). Os resíduos foram caracterizados por fluorescência de raios X, difração de raios X e ensaios de toxidade conforme metodologia da Norma Brasileira (NBR) 10005, da NBR 10006 e do Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) 1311. Então, foram analisadas composições de argamassas contendo cimento, cal e os resíduos (QS, QP) utilizando-se a técnica de delineamento de mistura, determinando os melhores traços, o melhor tipo de cura (imersa ou úmida) e, posteriormente, avaliando a resistência dos corpos de prova após cura. A caracterização do resíduo de quartzito revelou a presença de vários metais pesados e extratos lixiviados em contato com a água, classificando-o como resíduo de Classe I — Perigoso. Os resultados indicam que as composições determinadas foram capazes de imobilizar os metais pesados presentes nos resíduos de quartzitos, bem como resultou em argamassas com resistências mecânicas superiores a 2 MPa. Por fim, mostrou-se que essa técnica de solubilização e estabilização dos contaminantes presentes nos resíduos de quartzito é uma alternativa tecnologicamente viável e ambientalmente adequada para a destinação final desses resíduos.


ABSTRACT This work aims to immobilize heavy metals present in the quartzite residues by means of the incorporation in mortars in total substitution to the natural aggregate. Two types of residues were used: quartzite sand (QS) and powder (QP). The residues were characterized by x-ray fluorescence, x-ray diffraction, and toxicity tests according to the methodology of the NBR 10005, 10006 and Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) 1311. Then, compositions of mortar containing cement, lime and residues (QS, QP) were analyzed using technique of designing the mixture, determining the best mixture, the best type of cure (immersed or wet), and subsequently evaluated at resistance of the body of evidences after curing. The characterization of quartzite residue revealed the presence of multiple heavy metals and leached extracts in contact with the water, classifying it a Class I-Hazardous waste. Regarding the production of mortars, the results indicated that the compositions determined were able to immobilize the heavy metals present in the quartzite residues, as well as resulted in mortars with mechanical resistances higher than 2 MPa. Finally, it was shown that this technique of solubilization and stabilization of contaminants present in quartzite residues is a technologically viable and environmentally adequate alternative for the final destination of these residues.

17.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 41(2): 229-238, jun./dez. 2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224439

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a síndrome de imobilidade (SI) é definida por critérios clínicos específicos, a saber, presença dos dois critérios maiores, declínio cognitivo e múltiplas contraturas e pelo menos dois dos menores, disfagia, afasia, lesão por pressão e dupla incontinência, tendo indicação de cuidados paliativos desde o momento de sua identificação. Objetivo: determinar a prevalência da SI em pacientes em atendimento domiciliar e verificar a inclusão destes em cuidados paliativos. Métodos: estudo documental, descritivo-exploratório e retrospectivo, coletados do prontuário dos pacientes do Serviço de Atendimento Domiciliar de Curitiba, no período de 1 a 31 de julho de 2018, totalizando 566 pacientes. Critérios de inclusão: idade igual ou superior a 18 anos, estar em atendimento domiciliar, apresentar critérios para SI. Critérios de exclusão: dados incompletos que impeçam a caracterização da SI. Foi utilizado o teste de associação de qui-quadrado e o teste da ANOVA. Considerou-se o p ≤ 0,05 com significância estatística. Resultados: 56 (9,9%) apresentaram critérios para SI. A ocorrência da SI no sexo feminino foi de 13,1% e no masculino 6,1%, com significância estatística (p=0,0218). A média de idade de 72,43. Quanto aos critérios menores, n=56 (100%) tinham dupla incontinência, n=48 (83,9%) disfagia, n=41 (73,2%) afasia e n=31 (55,4%) lesões por pressão. Dos pacientes com SI, 44,46% estavam em cuidados paliativos. Conclusão: a SI foi associada ao sexo feminino, a média de idade foi 72,43 anos. A prevalência foi de 9,9%, dos quais somente 44,46% estavam em cuidados paliativos, o que nos aponta que o atendimento domiciliar não está ofertando aos seus pacientes o melhor atendimento possível. Palavras-chave: Imobilização. Cuidados paliativos. Serviços de assistência domiciliar.(AU)


Introduction: the immobility syndrome (IS) is defined by specific clinical criteria, namely, presence of the two major criteria, cognitive decline and multiple contractures and at least two of the smallest, dysphagia, aphasia, pressure injury and double incontinence and indicates palliative care from the moment of its identification. Objective: to determine the prevalence of IS in patients in home care and to verify their inclusion in palliative care. Methods: this is a documentary, descriptiveexploratory and retrospective study, collected from patients' records of the Home Care Service of Curitiba, from 1 to 31 July 2018, totaling 566 patients. Inclusion criteria: age equal to or greater than 18 years, being in home care, presenting criteria for IS. Exclusion criteria: incomplete data that prevent the characterization of the IS. The chi-square association test and the ANOVA test were used. The p ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: n=56 (9.9%) presented criteria for IS. The occurrence of IS in the female sex was 13.1% and in the male, 6.1%, with statistical significance (p=0.0218). The mean age was 72.43. Regarding the minor criteria n=56 (100%) had double incontinence, n=48 (83.9%) dysphagia, n=41 (73.2%) aphasia, and n=31 (55.4%) pressure injuries. Of the patients with IS 44.46% were in palliative care. Conclusion: IS was associated with females, mean age was 72.43 years. The prevalence was 9.9%, of which only 44.46% were in palliative care, which indicates that home care is not offering its patients the best care possible. Keywords: Immobilization. Palliative care. Home care services.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Immobilization , Patients , Analysis of Variance , Pressure Ulcer
18.
Rev. colomb. quím. (Bogotá) ; 49(1): 3-10, Jan.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098953

ABSTRACT

Abstract By means of recycling an enzyme, bromelain was used in casein hydrolysis facilitated by a nanobiocatalyst consisting of bromelain, CoFe2O4 magnetic nanoparticles, chitosan, and glutaraldehyde. Bromelain was immobilized on the chitosan cobalt-magnetite nanoparticle surface via covalent bonds to form the nanobiocatalyst. Immobilized bromelain showed 77% immobilization binding, retaining 85 ± 2% of the initial catalytic activity. Nanoparticles and immobilized bromelain were characterized using UV-Vis and IR spectroscopies, X-ray, square wave voltammetry (SWV), cyclic voltammetry (CV), vibrating-sample magnetization (VSM), and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The Michaelis-Menten constant (KM) and VMAX of the free and immobilized enzyme were calculated: KM = 2.1 ± 0.18 mM and 1.8 mM, respectively and VMAX = 6.08 x 10-2 ± 2.1 x 10-2 U/min and 6.46 ± 0.91 U/min, respectively. The thermal stability of the free enzyme was higher than the immobilized enzyme: 95-98% and 83-87%, respectively. An optimum pH of 6 and a temperature of 20 °C were determined in both cases. Immobilized bromelain maintained 50% of the initial catalytic activity after the fifth use. The immobilized bromelain proved to be effective and reusable for casein hydrolysis. As novel contribution the characterization by VOC and CV was carried out.


Resumen Se investigó la reutilización de la bromelina inmovilizada sobre nanopartículas magnéticas de CoFe2O4 para la hidrólisis de caseína. La inmovilización se efectuó covalentemente en un catalizador de nanopartículas de hierro y cobalto recubiertas con quitosano, glutaraldehído y bromelina. La bromelina alcanzó un máximo de inmovilización del 77%, conservando el 85 ± 2% de su actividad catalítica inicial a los 30 min. La caracterización del catalizador se realizó por espectrofotometría IR y UV-Vis, microscopía electrónica de transmisión (TEM), difracción de rayos X, voltametría de onda cuadrada (VOC), voltametría cíclica (VC) y magnetización de muestra vibrante (VSM). Los parámetros cinéticos KM y VMAX de la enzima libre e inmovilizada fueron: KM = 2,1 ± 0,18 mM y 1,8 ± 0,16 mM, respectivamente y VMAX = 6,08 x 10-2 ± 2,1 x 10-2 U/min y 6,46 ± 0,91 U/min, respectivamente. La estabilidad térmica de la enzima libre fue mayor que la de enzima inmovilizada: 95-98% y 83-87%, respectivamente. Se determinó un pH óptimo de 6 y temperatura de 20 °C en ambos casos. La bromelina inmovilizada mantuvo el 50% de su actividad catalítica hasta el quinto uso. Como aporte novedoso se realizó, en este estudio se realizó la caracterización por VOC y VC.


Resumo Foi estudado o reuso da enzima bromelina imobilizada sobre nano partículas magnéticas de CoFe2O4, para a hidrólise de caseína. A imobilização efetuou-se covalentemente em um catalisador de nano partículas de cobalto e ferro recobertas com quitosano, glutaraldehido e bromelina. A bromelina atingiu seu máximo de imobilização do 77% aos 30 minutos, conservando o 85 ± 2% da sua atividade catalítica inicial. A caraterização foi feita mediante espectrofotometria IV e UV-Vis, microscopia eletrônica de transmissão (TEM), difração de raios X, voltametria de onda quadrada (VOQ), voltametria cíclica (VC) e por magnetização de amostra vibrante (VSM). Os parâmetros cinéticos KM e VMAX da enzima livre e imobilizada foram KM = 2,1 ± 0,18 mM e 1,8 8 ± 0,16mM, respeitivamente; VMAX = 6,08 x 10-2 ± 2,1 x 10-2 U/min e 6,46 ± 0,91 U/min, respectivamente. A estabilidade térmica da enzima livre (95-98%) foi maior do que a estabilidade da enzima imobilizada (83-87%), determinou-se um pH óptimo de 6 e temperatura de 20 °C em ambos os casos. A bromelina imobilizada manteve o 50% de sua atividade catalítica até o quinto uso. Como aporte inovador neste estudo apresenta-se a caraterização por VOQ e VC.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-209881

ABSTRACT

Phenolic compounds are priority pollutants with high toxicity even at low concentrations. Ever-increasingburden of pollutants in major rivers and other water bodies along with stringent environmental legislationand focus on adaptation to eco-friendly treatment approaches have necessitated the need for the removal ofthese phenolics before being discharged to rivers and other freshwater bodies. Compared to physicochemicaltreatment, enzymatic treatment has proven to be the best way to treat various phenolic compounds undermild conditions with different enzymes such as peroxidases, laccases, and tyrosinases. In this study, we havedesigned a simple and efficient method for removal of phenols from effluent wastewater using an immobilizedpreparation of mushroom tyrosinase. The enzyme was isolated from Agaricus bisporus (button mushroom)and partially purified, and subsequently, various immobilization matrices were evaluated for their efficiencyof immobilization, reproducibility, rate of degradation of phenolics, stability, and reusability. Experimentsshowed that the in situ polymerization of acrylamide monomer along with the enzyme gave the most effectiveentrapment with high reproducibility among the tested methods. Immobilized tyrosinase was much more stablethan the free tyrosinase in storage and that the immobilized tyrosinase could even retain about most of itsoriginal activity after repeated use of 10 times in a batch system. This method could provide and an economicaland stabilized immobilized-enzyme method for the removal of phenol in wastewater.

20.
BrJP ; 3(2): 94-98, Jan.-Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131993

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The vibrating platform can attenuate the deleterious effects of immobilization related to muscle atrophy. However, there is still a gap regarding the effect of this modality on hyperalgesia related to immobilization. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of remobilization with whole-body vibration on the nociception of Wistar rats. METHODS: Sixteen rats were randomly distributed into two groups: the FRG group - immobilization and free remobilization and the VPRG - immobilization and remobilization with the vibrating platform. For remobilization with the vibrating platform, the frequency of 60Hz for 10 minutes, five days a week for two weeks was used. The nociception was evaluated on the right paw by a digital analgesiometer, before and at the end of the immobilization, and after two weeks of remobilization. RESULTS: There were differences between evaluations but not between groups, indicating that immobilization reduced the nociceptive threshold and free remobilization, and the remobilization associated with vibration improved the nociceptive threshold compared to the post-immobilization moment. However, they were not able to return to the initial parameters. CONCLUSION: Joint immobilization reduced the nociceptive threshold; however, two weeks of whole-body vibration remobilization were not able to revert the threshold in the immobilized groups.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A plataforma vibratória pode atenuar os efeitos deletérios da imobilização relacionados à atrofia muscular, contudo, ainda há uma lacuna com relação ao efeito desta modalidade na hiperalgesia relacionada ao imobilismo. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o efeito da remobilização com plataforma vibratória sobre a nocicepção de ratos Wistar. MÉTODOS: Dezesseis ratos foram distribuídos aleatoriamente no grupo GRL - imobilização e remobilização livre, e no grupo GRPV - imobilização e remobilização com plataforma vibratória. Para a remobilização com plataforma vibratória foi utilizada a frequência de 60Hz, durante 10 minutos, cinco dias por semana, durante duas semanas. A nocicepção foi avaliada na pata direita, por meio de um analgesímetro digital, antes e ao final da imobilização, e após duas semanas de remobilização. RESULTADOS: Houve diferenças entre as avaliações, mas não entre os grupos, indicando que a imobilização reduziu o limiar nociceptivo, e a remobilização livre e associada à vibração melhoraram o limiar nociceptivo comparados com o momento pós-imobilização, no entanto, não foram capazes de retornar aos parâmetros iniciais. CONCLUSÃO: A imobilização articular reduziu o limiar nociceptivo. No entanto, duas semanas de remobilização com a vibração de corpo inteiro não foram capazes de reverter o limiar nos grupos imobilizados.

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