Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 326
Filter
1.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 131 f p. tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397690

ABSTRACT

A violência contra a mulher está presente em todas as populações, inclusive as etnicamente diferenciadas. Por isso, enquanto cidadãs brasileiras, mulheres pertencentes a populações indígenas e quilombolas também carecem da proteção e defesa de seus direitos, inclusive o direito à saúde e segurança. O estado do Rio de Janeiro possui em seu território tais populações, estando algumas presentes em terras homologadas no caso de indígenas e tituladas, no caso de quilombolas. O trabalho busca identificar normativas que tratem sobre a violência contra a mulher em populações indígenas e quilombolas federais e no estado do Rio de Janeiro, bem como a ação por parte dos movimentos feministas. Estado e Sociedade Civil organizada elaboram formas de ação para abordar a violência contra a mulher indígena e quilombola, de maneiras distintas, o primeiro por atividades materializadas em normativas e a segunda por recomendações presentes em livros; em ambos os casos tornando essas formas de ação disponíveis para consulta em documentos. A pesquisa foi realizada por meio de busca eletrônica de normativas em repositórios de legislações federais, estaduais e municipais, de municípios com terras indígenas homologadas e terras quilombolas tituladas. Além disso, foi realizada a busca na literatura através de websites de busca de artigos científicos e de documentos provenientes da sociedade civil organizada por meio eletrônico. Dessa forma, foram analisados 4 municípios no estado do Rio de Janeiro e 5 websites de organizações não governamentais. As normativas encontradas sobre a violência contra a mulher indígena e quilombola incluem portarias, leis e resoluções, totalizando 12 federais, 6 estaduais e 27 municipais. Foi analisado o texto final de 6 conferências e encontros indígenas e 7 documentos de políticas oficiais a respeito da população quilombola. Nota-se uma escassez de documentos específicos sobre a violência contra a mulher indígena e quilombola, também perceptível na literatura, talvez pelo fato de que esse tipo de violência contra a mulher seja invisibilizado. Populações etnicamente diferenciadas pouco são especificadas nas normativas e materiais consultados. Entretanto, encontros e conferências revelam como as mulheres indígenas compreendem o fenômeno da violência nas suas aldeias, bem como uma carta do coletivo de mulheres quilombolas, que aponta para tal entendimento de maneira singular. Apenas um dos 4 municípios do estado do Rio de Janeiro com povos indígenas aldeados em terras homologadas e população quilombola em terras tituladas expressa com contundência uma forma de ação voltada para o enfrentamento da violência contra a mulher entre essas populações etnicamente diferenciadas.


Violence against women exists in all populations, including ethically different ones. Because of that, indigenous and quilombola women need protection and defense of their own rights, including health and safety. State of Rio de Janeiro has in its territory populations with these skills, some in approved lands, indigenous and titled lands, quilombolas. This paper tries to identify federal legal regulations about violence against indigenous and quilombola women and in the state of Rio de Janeiro just as the action of feminist movements. State and organized civil society elaborate different ways to approach violence against indigenous and quilombola women, the first one by actvities that are materialized into laws and the second ones by recomendations expressed in books, and in both cases making it available for consultation by documents. The research was carried out through na eletronic search of regulations in repositories of federal, state and municipal legislation, among these, only counties that have indigenous in approved lands and quilombolas in titled lands. In addition, a litterature search was carried out through websites to search for scientific articles and documents from organized civil society by electronic means. Thus, 4 municipalities in the state of Rio de Janeiro and 5 websites of non-governamental organizations were analyzed. Regulations found on violence against indigenous and quilombola women include ordinances, laws, resolutions, totalling 12 federal, 6 state and 27 municipal. The final text of 6 indigenous conferences and meetings and 7 official policy documents regarding the quilombola population were analyzed. There`s a scarcity of specific documents on violence against indigenous and quilombola women, also noticeable in the literature, perhaps due to the fact that this type of violence against women is made invisible. Ethnically differentiated populations are barely specified in the regulations and materials consulted. However, meetings and conferences reveal how indigenous women understand the phenomenon of violence in their villages, as well as a letter from a collective of quilombola women point to this understanding in a unique way. Only one of the 4 municipalities in the state of Rio de Janeiro with indigenous people living in approved lands and a quilombola population on titled lands strongly expresses a form of action aimed at combating violence against women among these ethnically differentiated populations.


Subject(s)
Violence Against Women , Indigenous Peoples , Quilombola Communities , Legislation as Topic , Brazil , Feminism , Qualitative Research , Political Activism
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e244703, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278506

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this study, oil degrading bacteria discovered from fish living near the oil ports at Karachi in Pakistan were characterized. The bacteria isolated from skin, gills, and gut in fish could consume crude oil as a source of carbon and energy. Total 36 isolates were tested using Nutrient Agar (NA) and MSA media with different crude oil concentrations (0.2%, 0.5%, 0.7%, 1%, 2%, and 5%) and 4 out of 36 isolates (two Gram positive and two Gram negative bacteria) were selected for further identification. 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that the isolates are related to Bacillus velezensis, Bacillus flexus, Pseudomonas brenneri and Pseudomonas azotoforman. Oil degrading potential of these bacteria was characterized by GC-MS analysis of degradation of oil components in crude oil as well as engine oil. We found that one (2, 6, 10, 14-Tetramethylpentadecane) out of 42 components in the crude oil was fully eliminated and the other oil components were reduced. In addition, 26 out of 42 oil components in the engine oil, were fully eliminated and the rest were amended. Taken together, these studies identify that B. velezensis, B. flexus, P. brenneri and P. azotoforman have high oil degrading potential, which may be useful for degradation of oil pollutants and other commercial applications.


Resumo Neste estudo, bactérias degradadoras de óleo descobertas em peixes que vivem perto dos portos de petróleo em Karachi, no Paquistão, foram caracterizadas. As bactérias isoladas da pele, guelras e intestinos dos peixes podem consumir petróleo bruto como fonte de carbono e energia. No total, 36 isolados foram testados usando Agar Nutriente (NA) e meio MSA com diferentes concentrações de óleo bruto (0,2%, 0,5%, 0,7%, 1%, 2% e 5%) e 4 de 36 isolados (dois Gram positivos e duas bactérias Gram negativas) foram selecionadas para posterior identificação. O sequenciamento do gene 16S rRNA revelou que os isolados estão relacionados a Bacillus velezensis, Bacillus flexus, Pseudomonas brenneri e Pseudomonas azotoforman. O potencial de degradação do óleo dessas bactérias foi caracterizado pela análise de GC-MS da degradação dos componentes do óleo no óleo cru, bem como no óleo do motor. Descobrimos que um (2, 6, 10, 14-tetrametilpentadecano) de 42 componentes do óleo cru foi totalmente eliminado e os outros componentes do óleo foram reduzidos. Além disso, 26 dos 42 componentes do óleo do motor foram totalmente eliminados e o restante corrigido. Juntos, esses estudos identificam que B. velezensis, B. flexus, P. brenneri e P. azotoforman têm alto potencial de degradação de óleo, o que pode ser útil para a degradação de poluentes de óleo e outras aplicações comerciais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Petroleum , Pakistan , Pseudomonas , Bacillus , Bacteria/genetics , Biodegradation, Environmental , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Indian Ocean , Fishes
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e242635, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278477

ABSTRACT

Abstract Indian crested porcupine is the largest rodent pest that damages a wide variety of crops, vegetables, and tree species which ultimately causes huge economic loss in Pakistan, which is an agricultural country. It prefers to live in hilly terrain but common in temperate and tropical forests, shrublands, and grasslands. This study focused on the identification and assessment of crops damaged along with the main precautionary measures used by the local farmers. The data was collected from twenty-four villages of two union councils i.e. Chamhad and Slahad of district Abbottabad. Two types of data (primary and secondary) were collected from the study area. Primary data was collected for identification and estimation calculation of total crop damaged through direct field observation by taking random quadrates in each village of the study area. The damage in the crop was assessed by randomly selecting a quadrate of 1x1 m2 for the wheat, pearl millet, and Sorghum fields. While 4x4 m2 quadrates were taken for maize and vegetables. At least three quadrate samples were taken from each field including one quadrate taken from the center of the field area. In union council Chamhad, damage to maize (11.31%) and wheat (0.73%) by the Indian crested porcupine while in union council Salhad, damage of maize (6.95%) and wheat (1.6%) was observed. In the entire study area, overall damage to maize crop (8.01%) and wheat (0.88%) was calculated. Based on information obtained from the farmers, the Indian porcupine inflicted damage to potato, tomato, cauliflower, chili pepper, turnip, radish, pea, and onion, etc. Secondary data obtained through a questionnaire survey to explore the human porcupine conflict and precautionary measures used by the farmers and landowners. Open and close-ended questionnaires (159) highlighted the presence of Indian crested porcupine in the study area and 96% of the respondents have seen porcupine directly. Many types of precautionary measures were used by the farmers such as fencing, night stay, night firing, and dogs to decrease the crop damage, respondents (63.91%) use guns for hunting. however, due to the largely agricultural area and nocturnal behavior of Indian crested porcupine majority of the respondents (51.57%) did not use any precautionary measure. Biological control of Indian porcupine is recommended in the study area. Farmers should be encouraged and provide incentives and killing through current should be banned while proper hunting license should be issued to overcome overhunting. Scientific studies are required to control the reproduction of porcupine specifically in the more damaged areas.


Resumo O porco-espinho indiano é a maior praga de roedores que danifica uma grande variedade de culturas, vegetais e espécies de árvores, o que acaba por causar enormes perdas econômicas no Paquistão, que é um país agrícola. Prefere viver em terrenos montanhosos, mas comuns em florestas temperadas e tropicais, arbustos e pastagens. Este estudo concentrou-se na identificação e avaliação das lavouras danificadas, juntamente com as principais medidas de precaução utilizadas pelos agricultores locais. Os dados foram coletados de 24 aldeias de dois conselhos sindicais, ou seja, Chamhad e Slahad, do distrito de Abbottabad. Dois tipos de dados (primário e secundário) foram coletados da área de estudo. Foram coletados dados primários para identificação e cálculo de estimativa do total da cultura danificada por meio da observação direta do campo, tomando quadrantes aleatórios em cada aldeia da área de estudo. O dano na cultura foi avaliado pela seleção aleatória de um quadrante de 1x1 m2 para os campos de trigo, milheto pérola e sorgo, enquanto quadrantes de 4x4 m2 foram tomados para milho e legumes. Pelo menos três amostras de quadrante foram colhidas de cada campo, incluindo um quadrante retirado do centro da área do campo. No Conselho Sindical de Chamhad, houve danos ao milho (11,31%) e ao trigo (0,73%) pelo porco-espinho indiano, enquanto no Conselho Sindical de Salhad, danos ao milho (6,95%) e ao trigo (1,6%) foram observados. Em toda a área do estudo, danos gerais à cultura do milho (8,01%) e ao trigo (0,88%) foram calculados. Com base em informações obtidas dos agricultores, o porco-espinho indiano infligiu danos à batata, tomate, couve-flor, pimenta, nabo, rabanete, ervilha, cebola, etc. Dados secundários foram obtidos por meio de um questionário para explorar o conflito suíno humano e as medidas de precaução utilizadas pelos agricultores e proprietários de terras. Questionários abertos e fechados (159) destacaram a presença de porco-espinho indiano na área de estudo e 96% dos entrevistados viram o porco-espinho diretamente. Muitos tipos de medidas de precaução foram utilizados pelos agricultores, como esgrima, estadia noturna, fogo noturno e cães para diminuir os danos na lavoura. Dos entrevistados, 63,91% usaram armas para caçar. No entanto, devido à área ser em grande parte agrícola e ao comportamento noturno da maioria dos porcos-espinhos indianos, 51,57% não usaram nenhuma medida de precaução. O controle biológico do porco-espinho indiano é recomendado na área de estudo. Os agricultores devem ser encorajados e fornecer incentivos, e o uso da corrente para matar os animais deve ser banido, assim como deve ser emitida a licença de caça adequada para superar a caça excessiva. Estudos científicos são necessários para controlar a reprodução de porco-espinho, especificamente nas áreas mais danificadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Porcupines , Pakistan , Trees , Crops, Agricultural , Agriculture
4.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(2): 97-101, abr./jun. 2021. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1367729

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se investigar a presença do Vírus da Estomatite Vesicular (VEV) e seus fatores de risco para ocorrência e disseminação da enfermidade em equídeos das mesorregiões Leste e Oeste Potiguar do estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Foram analisadas pela técnica de virusneutralização, 809 amostras sanguíneas de equídeos provenientes de noventa propriedades de dezesseis municípios Potiguares durante os meses de julho de 2018 a fevereiro de 2019. Os fatores de riscos associados ao VEV foram avaliados por meio de questionário epidemiológico e os dados submetidos a análise estatística no programa IBM SPSS Statistics versão 21.0 com nível de confiança de 95%. Posteriormente, todas as variáveis estatisticamente significantes foram submetidas a análise de regressão de Poisson. A soroprevalência de anticorpos anti-VEV foi 24,6% (199/809), sendo 3,2% (13/402) de soropositivos na mesorregião Leste e 45,7% (186/407) na do Oeste Potiguar. Com relação aos sorotipos, observou-se uma prevalência de 3,8% (31/809) e 24,5% (198/809) para Indiana 2 e 3 respectivamente, com 15,1% (30/198) de coinfecção. Equídeos criados na mesorregião Oeste, em propriedades que não realizam quarentena e onde os animais enfermos são mantidos no rebanho, foram consideradas fatores predisponentes a infecção pelo VEV. Esses resultados demonstram a circulação do VEV em equídeos no Rio Grande do Norte, com destaque ao Oeste Potiguar, e sendo necessário a aplicação de medidas sanitárias que impeçam introdução e disseminação do vírus ente as espécies susceptíveis, principalmente em condições climáticas favoráveis para a sua manutenção, no ambiente de criação e pastagens.


This study aimed to investigate the presence of Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and risk factors for its occurrence and dissemination in equines from the Eastern and Western mesoregions of the state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Blood samples were analyzed, by Serum Virus Neutralization Assay, from 809 animals belonging to 90 properties distributed in sixteen municipalities from July 2018 to February 2019. Risk factors were assessed using an epidemiological questionnaire. Data were submitted to statistical analysis using the software IBM SPSS Statistics, version 21.0 with a 95% confidence level. Also, all statistically significant variables were subjected to Poisson regression analysis. The occurrence of anti-VSV antibodies was 24.6% (199/809) with 3.2% (13/402) and 45.7% (186/407) of seropositivity in the Western and Eastern mesoregion, respectively. Regarding serotypes, there were an occurrence of 3.8% (31/809) and 24.5% (198/809) for Indiana 2 and 3, respectively, and 15.1% (30/198) of co-infection for both. Equines kept of the Western mesoregion, on properties that do not quarantine, and where sick animals are kept in the herd, were considered risk factors for LVV infection. These results demonstrate the presence of VSV in equines in Rio Grande do Norte, with emphasis on Oeste Potiguar, and that sanitary measures must be adopted to prevent the introduction and viral spreading among susceptible species, especially due to favorable climatic conditions for the maintenance of VSV in the breeding and pasture environment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Vesicular stomatitis Indiana virus , Horse Diseases/virology , Risk Factors , Vesicular Stomatitis/virology , Antibodies, Viral/analysis
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 609-620, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881159

ABSTRACT

The Hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway plays important roles in gastrointestinal carcinogenesis and the gastrointestinal tumor microenvironment (TME). Aberrant HH signaling activation may accelerate the growth of gastrointestinal tumors and lead to tumor immune tolerance and drug resistance. The interaction between HH signaling and the TME is intimately involved in these processes, for example, tumor growth, tumor immune tolerance, inflammation, and drug resistance. Evidence indicates that inflammatory factors in the TME, such as interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interferon-

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922748

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: To evaluate the trends of C-reactive protein (CRP) and Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in the first three weeks after uncomplicated total hip (THR) and total knee (TKR) arthroplasty/replacement in the Indian population and to compare it with available literature. Material and methods: A total of 90 patients were enrolled for this prospective study, of which 30 were unilateral THR, 30 were unilateral TKR (U/L TKR) and 30 were simultaneous bilateral TKR (B/L TKR). Serum CRP and ESR were measured on the day before surgery and postoperatively on day 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 7th, 12th, and at the end of 3rd week. Results: CRP showed a peak at day 2nd with normalisation to pre-operative value by the end of 3rd week. While ESR showed a peak on day 3rd and continued to remain elevated even at end of 3rd week post-operatively. Both mean CRP and ESR values were higher in THR patients followed by in B/L TKR and then in U/L TKR patients. Conclusion: CRP persists to be the best acute phase reactant in the early post-operative phase with a relatively typical pattern as compared to ESR. CRP values peak at postoperative day 2nd and then show a gradual decline. However, its normalisation to pre-operative baseline values may vary among different groups of population.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 758-764, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of highly expressed primary cilia in tibial growth plate chondrocytes accelerating chondrocytes differentiation in young rats with chronic renal failure (CRF).Methods:Forty male 4-week-old SD rats weighing (98±3) g were randomly divided into control group (intragastric administration with distilled water, n=20) and CRF group (intragastric administration with adenine suspension 150 mg·kg -1·d -1, n=20). All the young rats were sacrificed after continuous gavage for 6 weeks. The length of the growth plate was measured with histological sections. Immunofluorescence (IF) was used to detect the expression rate of primary cilia and the level of β-catenin, the key protein of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in tibial growth plate chondrocytes. Chondrocytes isolated from growth plate in two groups were cultured in vitro to P3 generation, and the expression rate of primary cilia in chondrocytes, the levels of Indian hedgehog (IHH) and glycogen synthase kinase 3β (GSK3β) were detected by IF. Co-immunoprecipitation was used to detect the relationship between IHH and GSK3β. Results:Compared with the control group, the relative length of the growth plate was shorter in histological sections [(0.51±0.11) vs (1.00±0.08), t=16.11, P<0.001], the expression rate of primary cilia was higher [(26.3±5.5)% vs (7.6±1.9)%, t=14.37, P<0.001], and the level of β-catenin increased [(7.1±2.0) scores vs (3.6±1.0) scores, t=7.10, P<0.001] in CRF group. In vitro, the expression rate of primary cilia was higher in CRF group chondrocytes [(31.4±8.2)% vs (12.5±3.1)%, t=9.64, P<0.001] than that in control group. The level of IHH in CRF group increased than that in control group [(1 360±270) vs (310±84), t=16.61, P<0.001]. There was no significant difference in GSK3β level of chondrocytes between the two groups [(850±195) vs (780±140), t=1.30, P=0.200]. There was a direct interaction between IHH and GSK3β in CRF group chondrocytes. Conclusions:The expression levels of primary cilia and related protein IHH increase in tibial growth plate chondrocytes of CRF young rats. The IHH protein plays a direct interaction with GSK3β protein, Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway antagonist, which leads to the activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and final accelerated differentiation of chondrocytes. The rapid differentiation of chondrocytes causes the closing trend of growth plate.

8.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204905

ABSTRACT

Crisis of Indian agriculture is very pertinent at this moment as green revolution is gradually losing its hope. Excessive, pointless exploitation of broods of green revolution has left bad footprints on country’s food security and environmental safety. With the motto to ensure food security by reviving Indian agriculture in environmentally safe way as well as to release farmers from debt cycle and suicides, zero budget natural farming (ZBNF) has come in the picture, which discards uses of all the chemical farming inputs and relies on natural way of farming i.e. rejuvenating soil and crop health through its own practices (Jivamrita, Bijamrita, mulching, soil aeration, intercropping, crop diversification, bunds, bio-pesticides etc.). ZBNF movement right now is the most popular agrarian movement which begun in 2002 in Karnataka and later successfully spread in many states (specially, of South India) of the nation through numbers of trainings, demonstrations and various promotional activities. Successful outcomes from farmers’ fields of south Indian states like Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka etc. are encouraging and grabbing attention of farmers, public and private organisations towards ZBNF in recent times. Yet, various controversies regarding its transparency, inadequate information, efficacy, practices, idealisms, even the term ‘zero budget’ etc. have agglutinated around ZBNF over the years since it debuted. Critics in fact have cited several references of drastic yield reductions with ZBNF practices in many places. Adequate scientific evaluation or monitoring of ZBNF’s successes or failures through multi-locational trials is now therefore the needful before allowing or restraining its run in Indian agriculture.

9.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213224

ABSTRACT

Background: The breast is a paired organ. The two breasts share many of the risk factors known to contribute to the development of cancer genetics, environmental exposure, diet, and estrogen exposure, etc. By studying differences in the occurrence of breast cancer between the left and right breast, we can control for these common risk factors. Previous studies of breast cancer asymmetry have established that the laterality ratio is greater than 1.0 in women.Methods: We have taken 420 total cases to study the breast tumour laterality in women and age wise incidence of carcinoma breast in northern India. The study included all consecutive adult patients with histologically confirmed breast cancer, either invasive or carcinoma in situ. Multiple cancers were defined as two or more primary cancers occurring in an individual that were not an extension, recurrence, or metastasis. Based on the chronology of presentation, they were categorized as synchronous or metachronous primaries.Results: Out of 420 cases of breast cancer it was seen that 193 patients i.e. 45.95% of women under observation had left sided breast tumour, 225 patients i.e. 53.57% of women had right sided breast tumour and only 2 patients i.e. 0.48% patients had bilateral lesions in the breast.Conclusions: This result suggests the possible role of estrogen hormone in the reversed lateralization of breast cancer in comparison to other paired organ cancers in post-menopausal women suggesting that North Indian population has higher incidence of right sided breast cancer.

10.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215041

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women of India and across the globe. More than 2.1 million women were diagnosed to have breast cancer in 2018 worldwide. An incremental trend in incidence and mortality has been observed in South-Asian, low to middle income, developing countries. Age adjusted incidence in India is 25.8 per 100,000 women in India. The established risk factors for causation of carcinoma breast have been deduced primarily from Western studies and their applicability to Indian women remains varied. We wanted to evaluate the relevance of the established risk factors for carcinoma breast in patients presenting to our institute. METHODSThis case-control study included 65 patients with histologically confirmed diagnosis of carcinoma breast in the test group and 65 healthy women in the control group. All enrolled women were made to fill a questionnaire to assess for presence or absence of established risk factors in them. Results were obtained by calculating percentage of women with these risk factors in both arms. RESULTSAmong the established factors for carcinoma breast, 18.4% patients in the test group were obese compared to 12.3% women in the control group. This difference was found to be statistically significant with a p value of <0.02. However, there was no significant relevance between the two compared groups with respect to other risk factors studied. CONCLUSIONSWhile the established risk factors for carcinoma breast have been found to be relevant in multiple national and international studies, their applicability to specific populations such as those catered to by our institution varied. Out of all the established risk factors for carcinoma breast in the western population, the present study suggested significance only for obesity, with a BMI of ≥30 Kg/m2

11.
J Environ Biol ; 2020 Jul; 41(4): 745-754
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214538

ABSTRACT

Aim: The present study was aimed to analyze the ecological significance of Ulhas River estuary of the western coast of India using the taxonomic, functional and conservation aspects, and also to record an updated data base on the estuarine community structure.Methodology: Ichthyo faunal diversity was assessed by experimental fishing conducted at 3 selected stations using single day dolnets of code end mesh size of 10mm, from September 2017 to August 2018. The diversity of fish species was recorded considering the most relevant taxonomic classification data and further supplemented by the information pertaining to ecological roles played by the individual species (using guild approach) and the IUCN- conservation status. Results: There were 105 species, belonging to 4 classes, 19 orders, 44 families and 75 genera, recorded from Ulhas River Estuary. The class: Actinopterygii was the most diverse taxa, (including 12 orders, 32 families and 55 genera) among the total ichthyofauna reported. Order Perciformes was the most representative order of the class (40 species, 31 genera and 17 families), followed by Decapoda (21species, 8 genera and 6 families). Based on the estuarine usefunctional guild categorization, 51.42 % of the species were marine migrants, followed by amphidromous species (21.9%). Zoobenthivores (29.41%) was found to be the most dominant feeding guild followed by omnivores (19.6%). Based on the IUCN Red List, 53.33% of the fish species observed from Ulhas River Estuary were categorized as “Not Evaluated”, and 7% were “Data Deficient”, signifying the lack of information on biological aspects of the species along Indian waters. Tenualosa toli marked its presence under threatened category (Vulnerable) from Ulhas River Estuary. Interpretation: The abundance of marine migrants as well as the amphidromous species in the estuary signifies the use of this ecosystem for the nursery function of commercially important marine fisheries resources. Increased proportion of “Not Evaluated” and “Data Deficient” categories in the context of high level of anthropogenic stress demands for more updated documentation of the biodiversity and periodic changes in its ecological structure for formulating and implementing effective ecosystem-based management programs for such sensitive estuarine ecosystems.

12.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Jul; 16(3): 551-558
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213858

ABSTRACT

Background: Head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most common cancers that contribute to 20%–40% of all cancer incidences in India. Indian patients with HNSCC are mostly associated with tobacco usage and may have different genetic alterations compared with Western patients who are mostly associated with human papillomavirus infection. Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes are correlated to individuals' susceptibility and progression of cancer. XRCC1 is a DNA repair enzyme. Materials and Methods: In the present prospective study, Indian population of HNSCC patients (n = 45) were screened for Arg399Gln variant of XRCC1 using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism technique, prospective evaluation of the patients was done after treatment, and the single-nucleotide polymorphism results were correlated to survival functions. Results: Out of 45 patients, 28 patients were Arg/Arg, 12 patients were Arg/Gln, and 5 patients were Gln/Gln. Overall survival for the entire cohort and Arg/Arg, Arg/Gln, and Gln/Gln cohort was 36.3 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 33–39.5), 38.6 (95% CI: 35.3–41.9), 35.8 (95% CI: 28.6–42.9), and 26.4 (95% CI: 13.7–39.1) months (P = 0.097), respectively. Progression-free survival (PFS) of the entire patient cohort and Arg/Arg, Arg/Gln, and Gln/Gln cohort was 35.2 (95% CI: 31.4–39.1), 38.2 (95% CI: 34.3–42.1), 32.7 (95% CI: 26.2–39.1), and 22.3 (95% CI: 9.4–35.3) (P = 0.061), respectively. Conclusions: This study suggests that HNSCC patients with Gln substitution in place of Arg at position 399 (both homozygous and heterozygous) in XRCC1 protein have significantly inferior survival functions, higher recurrence rate, and events after radical treatment

13.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212249

ABSTRACT

Background: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) comprises a diverse group of disorders where pathologic Langerhans cells accumulate in a variety of organs. Aims and objectives of the study is to analyse the clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes of patients diagnosed with LCH in a tertiary cancer hospital in South India.Methods: Retrospective analysis of the case records of patients presenting with histological proven case of LCH over a period of 7 years from 2011 to 2018, being treated at Vydehi Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre.Results: 10 patients with biopsy proven LCH were included. The median age of diagnosis was 8 years (range 1 to 73 years) and 3 patients aged 18 years or older at the time of diagnosis. The male: female ratio was 3:2. Multisystem involvement was found in 4 patients (40%) and Single system Involvement in remaining 6 patients. Isolated bone lesions were found in 4 patients (40%), 1 patient had isolated Lymph node involvement; 1 patient had oral cavity lesion. None of the 4 patients with multisystem diseases had skin/mucosal involvement; 3 had bony involvement, 2 patients had lung involvement. One patients with multisystem disease expired while 5 patients were lost to follow-up. 4 out of the 10 patients are on regular follow-up and are in remission.Conclusions: Despite limitation by the retrospective nature, this descriptive study was done to provide further disease information regarding Indian population. Data from this study clearly confirms the known fact that most of the patients with Single System LCH have a very good response rate. Patients with multisystem disease have the highest risk of disease related mortality and morbidity as one among the 4 patients with multisystem disease died just after initiating treatment.

14.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207702

ABSTRACT

Background: Nearly every family in the world is touched by cancer, which is now responsible for almost one in six deaths globally. Aim of this study was to access Indian woman's awareness towards cervical screening methods to promote strategies for increasing its uptake.Methods: A comprehensive questionnaire based cross-sectional observational survey was conducted in Pt. JNM Medical College and Dr. BRAM hospital, Raipur, Chhattisgarh from September 2018 to July 2019. Participants were selected by sampling between 21 to 59 years of age who have given consent for study.Results: Out of 1008 participants only 336 (33.3%) participants were aware about screening of cervical cancer and less than 28% participants were aware about pap smear, time of investigation, method of pap smear, health centre, association of HPV virus with cervical cancer, availability at vaccination, and with regard to risk factors only 27.9% women were aware that there is increased risk of cervical cancer due to multiple partners, 17.6% aware of risk due to increase in number of children’s, 11.1% aware of increase in risk of cervical cancer due to early initiation of  sexual activity. Younger women (age 30-35, odds ratio 1.24, 95% CI 0.78-1.32, p-value 0.05), low socioeconomic status (odds ratio 1.74, 95% CI 0.76-2.12, p-value 0.01), education level (≤ secondary education odds ratio 1.64 95% CI 0.85-2.18 p-value 0.000, ≥ higher secondary or above education odds ratio 2.32 95% CI 1.21-2.89  p-value 0.001) and age at marriage (odds ratio 2.21, 95% CI 0.78-2.18, p-value 0.000) all had a significant relationship with the awareness of Pap smear test. Two-third of the females in the study stated that lack of awareness as the major reason for not getting a pap smear while another one- third stated lack of recommendation by health care professionals as major hurdle.Conclusions: This study found that woman's fear, pain and embarrassment, along with cultural influences, deterred them from undergoing screening.

15.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207620

ABSTRACT

Background: Gestational weight gain (GWG) and pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) play important roles in determining the pregnancy outcome. The weight gain recommendations by the IOM are based on Western WHO BMI cut-offs, making it difficult to generalize their findings to Asian Indians. We aimed to compare GWG among healthy pregnant women across different BMI with the IOM guidelines-2009. We also aimed to evaluate associated feto-maternal outcomes with GWG among the pregnant women enrolled in the study.Methods: A retrospective cohort study conducted at department of obstetrics and gynecology, from April 2019 to November 2019. Postnatal mothers whose weight was registered at first trimester of pregnancy and at term and delivered in SSG hospital were included. According to IOM Women were divided into: Group 1 less than recommended weight gain and Group 2 recommended weight gain.Results: Significant difference was seen in the baby weight between the two groups (p value <0.05). 92.75% of babies had low birth weight in Group 1 as compared to 42.21% in Group 2. On performing univariate logistic regression, significant association was seen between GWG and low birth weight (p <0.05), no association was seen between GWG and caesarean (p value >0.05), and no association was seen between GWG and preterm deliveries (p >0.05).Conclusions: Majority of patients in the both groups had term delivery. Women gaining less than recommended weight gain during pregnancy had new born with significantly lower birth weight. There was no association of mode of deliveries and GWG.

16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204525

ABSTRACT

Background: To assess the growth and neurodevelopmental outcome of all newborn discharged from the NICU of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur on follow up for 6 months.Methods: Prospective observational cohort study of 200 high risk newborn discharged from NICU. Babies were called for follow up at 1 month, 2 months, 4 month and 6 months of corrected age and detailed information was taken regarding NICU stay and morbidity with the help of data available from discharge card. Anthropometric parameters like weight, length, and head circumference were noted.' Suitable screening tests like denver's developmental screening test for Indian infants (DDSTII) for NDD (neurodevelopmental delay) and Amiel Tison scoring for tone assessment was done.Results: Among the 200 NICU graduates chosen, 40 lost during follow up. The neurodevelopmental delay in this study was 31.3%. Authors also analysed NDD according to gestational age wise groups. NDD in pre-terms was 39.6%. The developmental delay was more in babies with neonatal sepsis, perinatal asphyxia, prematurity, RDS, NEC etc.Conclusions: The morbidities like severe perinatal asphyxia, hypoglycaemia, seizures, shock, hypoxia, hypothermia, low gestational age have direct association with NDD.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-201984

ABSTRACT

Background: Ethiopia is one of the yellow fever endemic country, located in north east Africa. A large number of Indian expatriates are working in Gondar, a city located in Amhara region of country. Though yellow fever vaccination is mandatory to travel to Ethiopia but less information is available about knowledge and attitude of Indian expatriate regarding yellow fever vaccination. This study was, therefore undertaken to determine the knowledge and attitude regarding yellow fever vaccination amongst Indian expatriate working at Gondar, Ethiopia.Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was carried out by dispensing the questionnaire to individual expatriates. 157 responses were collected from expatriate by a pre-designed standardized self-administered questionnaire.Results: The average age of expatriates was 46.62±1.28 years. Most of the expatriate (61%) were not aware of yellow fever before being advised for the vaccination. Many of them have taken the vaccine, because it was mandatory for visa process. 62 % of expatriates are aware about the duration of protection from yellow fever vaccine. Moreover 84 % of the expatriates did not know about the etiology of yellow fever. Many of them (69%) believed that yellow fever vaccine was effective in providing protection, while the remaining didn’t have adequate knowledge about its efficacy.Conclusions: So majority of expatriate didn’t have enough knowledge about yellow fever infection and the vaccination. There is need of creating awareness regarding yellow fever among expatriate.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-211960

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity and thyroid dysfunction are two most common clinical conditions that have been linked together closely in adult. The link has become more relevant in the context of an unprecedented rise in the prevalence of obesity worldwide. Obesity is normally observed by patients as being secondary dysfunction on serum levels of thyroid hormones. Objective: The Purpose of this study to assess serum thyroid hormones levels (fT3, fT4, TSH) variation in patients with obesity and normal thyroid function among Indian adults and to correlate serum levels of thyroid hormones with their classes of Body Mass Index (BMI).Methods: Authors performed a retrospective study of adult patients who were examined and analyzed serum levels of thyroid hormones at authors centre between February 2018 to November 2019.Results: A total of 231 adult patients were included. 122(52.8%) were males, mean age was 35.4±10.4 and mean BMI 34.2±5.8 respectively. Obesity was found higher in female 58(53.2%) than male 37(30.3%) participants (p<0.001), respectively. The mean TSH serum levels were significantly increased with increased BMI (2.04±1.19,2.51±1.22 and 3.39±1.19; p=<0.001).  No association was found of serum fT4 (p=0.227) and serum fT3 (p=0.063) with BMI.Conclusions: Mean TSH serum levels showed a significantly increased with increased BMI. BMI was negatively associated with serum fT4 but had no association with serum fT3.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-204446

ABSTRACT

Background: Although nadifloxacin has been shown to be effective in the treatment of skin & soft tissue infections (SSTI), there is a paucity of data comparing its efficacy and safety with other antibacterials, especially in Indian paediatric population. Therefore, objective of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of nadifloxacin with mupirocin in children with SSTI.Methods: This was a single-centre, open label, randomized, parallel group, comparative study in 60 children of <12 years of age with SSTI. Test group (n=30) received nadifloxacin 1% ointment and reference group (n=30) received mupirocin 1% ointment, to be applied twice daily. Patients were followed up at day 4, 8 and 15. Efficacy of the study drugs was evaluated by clinical and bacteriological cure rate. Safety was assessed by reporting of adverse events.Results: Baseline characteristics of enrolled patients were comparable between treatment groups and all 60 patients completed the study. At Day 15, 100.0% cases among nadifloxacin group and 96.7% cases among mupirocin group achieved clinical cure (p=0.313). The most common bacteria found in culture were Gram positive cocci in both the groups (86.7% in nadifloxacin and 58.8% in mupirocin group). None of the cases in any of the groups showed bacteriological presence at day 15. No adverse event was reported in any of the treatment groups during the study duration.Conclusions: Nadifloxacin was found to be equally efficacious and safe to mupirocin in the treatment of SSTI in Indian pediatric population.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-201932

ABSTRACT

Background: Globally an estimated 422 million adults are living with Diabetes as per WHO data 2014, and 85 to 90% cases are type 2 diabetes. Maximum number of people with diabetes mellitus are in the age group of 40 to 59 yrs. Among them 50% are undiagnosed. Sedentary lifestyle, diet, dietary fiber, mal-nutrition, some chemical agents, stress, alcohol, viral infections, etc., are some environmental risk factors.Methods: A cross sectional, community based study. Details of the study subjects were recorded using structured predesigned and pretested questionnaire. All the data collected was entered and analyzed with MS Excel software 2007 and Epi info 3.5.3. All tests were considered significant at p <0.05 level.Results: In our study, majority of population participated in the screening camp are between 30 to 35 years of age, Female (53.2%) participants were more. We found that 38 (24.1%) persons were found to be in pre-diabetic stage, 57 (37.3%) are having high risk of getting diabetes.Conclusions: There is significant relationship between smoking, alcohol consumption and sedentary lifestyle (p<0.05) to the risk of diabetes as per Indian diabetes risk score.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL