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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920797

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine bimatoprost, tafluprost ethyl amide, latanoprost, travoprost and tafluprost in eyelash enhancing cosmetics by establishing a LC-MS/MS method. Methods The samples were extracted with a 50% acetonitrile water solution. A salt mixture(4 g NaCl, 1 g MgSO4) was added to the solution to induce phase separation. After centrifugation and filtration, the analysis of five prostaglandin analogs was performed with an Agilent Poroshell 120 PFP-C18 (2.7 μm, 2.1 mm×100 mm) column, using 0.02% formic acid containing 5 mmol·L-1 Acetic acid amine and acetonitrile by gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.5 mL·min-1. The analytes were detected with electrospray ionization source in positive ion mode (ESI+) and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM), and quantified by external standard curve. Results The results showed that it had a good linearity in the range of locatable ambit of concentration with correlation coefficients (r) larger than 0.999. The detection limit of five prostaglandin analogs (LOD) was 0.000 2‒1.5 μg·g-1. The spiked recoveries were 93.2% to 103.5% with a relative standard deviation (RSD) of 1.2% to 3.4%. Conclusion The method is simple, rapid and highly sensitive. It is suitable for the determination of five prostaglandin analogs in eyelash enhancing cosmetics.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2767-2771, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904781

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the determination of pyrrotinib concentration in plasma ,and apply it in clinic. METHODS :After precipitated with methanol ,the plasma sample was determined by LC-MS/MS using imatinib as internal standard. The determination was performed on Ultimate AQ-C 18 column with mobile phase consisted of methanol (containing 0.1% formic acid )and water (containing 0.1% formic acid )(gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The column temperature was 40 ℃,and the sample size was 5 µL. The ion source was electrospray ionization source ,and the positive ion scanning was carried out in multiple reaction mode. The ion pairs for quantitative analysis were m/z 583.4→138.3(pyrrotinib)and m/z 494.5→ 393.4(internal standard ),respectively. Thirty breast cancer patients taking pyrrotinib were collected from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University during Jun.-Nov. 2020 to determine their steady-state trough concentrations of pyrrotinib after a week of treatment. RESULTS :The linear range of pyrrotinib were 5-300 ng/mL(r=0.999 3). The lower limit of quantification was 5 ng/mL. RSDs of intra-day and inter-day were not higher than 9.30%,and relative errors (REs)ranged -6.70%-5.04%. REs of stability tests were in the range of -1.92%-5.42%. The extraction method ,matrix effect and residual effect did not affect the quantitative analysis of the substance to be tested. The steady-state trough concentrations of pyrrotinib were 32.6-82.8 ng/mL,with an average plasma concentration of 53.8 ng/mL;there was about 2.54 fold individual difference. CONCLUSIONS :Established LC-MS/MS method is simple ,sensitive and accurate ,and can be used for the plasma concentration monitoring of pyrrotinib in breast cancer patient.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875678

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a LC-MS/MS method for the determination of salidroside in the capsule. Methods An electrospray ionization and multiple reaction detection were used to detect negative ion. Theophylline was used as standard. The detection ions of salidroside and theophylline used for quantitative analysis were m/z 299.0→119.0, and m/z 178.8→164.0, respectively. The Shim-pack XR-ODS (3.0 mm×75 mm, 2.0 μm) column was used for separation. The mobile phase was acetonitrile: 5 mmol/L ammonium acetate solution (90∶10, V/V). The flow rate was 0.40 ml/min. The column temperature was 25 ℃. Results The content of salidroside was analyzed within 3 minutes. The linear range was 10–2 000 ng/ml, and the minimum detection limit was 10 ng/ml. Conclusion The method has good repeatability, high sensitivity, fast analysis speed and simple operation. It can be used as a method for the determination of salidroside in the capsule. It is suitable for the quality inspection of drugs and convenient for safe use.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873589

ABSTRACT

@#With the rapid development of biopharmaceuticals, therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are widely accepted due to their low side-effects and high therapeutic efficacy. Individual differences in the response to mAb drugs put forward new requirements for therapeutic drug monitoring of antibody drugs.Therefore, the need for accurate and robust bioanalytical methods is increasing.Recently, LC-MS/MS has been gaining increasing interest in the field of large molecules.In this article, the recent advances in this emerging field are reviewed, along with common issues and analytical approaches.Thus, this review article is helpful for better understanding the advance of LC-MS/MS technique in the field of therapeutic drug monitoring for mAbs.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 412-417, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873480

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of rat intestinal flora on the pharmacokinetic parameters of pyrazinamide and its active metabolite pyrazinoic acid. METHODS :Totally 16 SD rats were randomly divided into trial group and control group ,with 8 rats in each group. Trial group was given mixed antibiotics (streptomycin sulfate+neomycin sulfate )intragastrically to construct pseudoaseptic rat model. After modeling ,both groups were given pyrazinamide intragastrically (150 mg/kg). Before and 0.167, 0.333,0.667,1,1.5,2,3,4,6,9 h after administration ,0.1 mL blood sample was collected from orbital venous plexus ,and 0.3 mL blood sample was collected from orbital venous plexus 12,24 h after administration. Using phenacetin as internal standard , LC-MS/MS method was adopted to determine the plasma concentration of pyrazinamide and pyrazinoic acid. The determination was performed on Agilent ZORBAX SB-Aq column with mobile phase consisted of 0.2% formic acid (containing 8 mmol/L ammonium acetate)-methanol(gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃,and sample size was 10 μL. The ion source was ESI and the temperature of ion source was 500 ℃. The collision gas was nitrogen and the pressure was 10 psi. The temperature of mass transfer interface was 100 ℃. The mass spectrum monitoring mode was multi reaction monitoring , and the collection mode was positive ion mode. The monitoring transition ion-pairs were m/z 124.0→79.0(pyrazinamide),m/z 125.1→79.1(pyrazinic acid )and m/z 180.0→110.2(internal standard ). The de-clustering potential and collision voltage were 55, 26 and 85 V,24,23 and 28 V,respectively. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated and compared by using DAS 2.1.1 software. RESULTS :The linear ranges of pyrazinamide and pyrazinoic acid were 25-5 000 ng/mL(r=0.997 6)and 100-12 500 ng/mL(r=0.999 0). The lower limits of quantification were 25 and 100 ng/mL,respectively. Intra-batch and inter-batch accuracy were 92.93%-100.50%,and RSDs of intra-batch and inter-batch precision and matrix effect tests were all lower than or equal to 8.42%(n=6 or n=3). Compared with control group ,tmax of pyrazinamide in trial group was prolonged significantly (P<0.01); there was no statistical significance in other pharmacokinetic parameters between 2 groups(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS :The absorption of single dose pyrazinamide is delayed with the change of intestinal flora in rats.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909608

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the pathogenesis of depression according to the LC-MS/MS-based metabolo?mics in the mouse model which exhibits social avoidance state induced by the chronic social defeat stress model (CSDS). METHODS Twenty male C57BL/6N mice were randomly divided into control group and model group suffering CSDS, and the ICR retired breeder mice were used to attack the model group for 14 d of chronic social defeated stress. The open field test and source preference test were both used to observe depression-like behavior. Besides, the social inter?action test is used to observe the social interaction state, especially. After the stress, the serum samples of mice were collected, and the changes of endogenous metabolites were analyzed by LC-MS metabolomics technology, and the pathway analysis of the differential metabolites was performed to explore the pathogenesis of the CSDS induced depres?sive-like mouse model. RESULTS After the stress of CSDS was completed, the mice in the model group showed a significant slowdown in body weight growth, a reduction in the source preference rate, and a significant reduction in the total distance and the number of rearing in the open field test. Distinctively, the social interaction rate is remarkably decreasing. There are 24 differential metabolites found in the serum of CSDS model mice. CONCLUSION The mouse who suffered CSDS stress would show depressive-like behavior. Based on the LC-MS/MS metabolomics, 24 differential metabolites were found in the serum of CSDS model mice. The amino acid metabolism might be significant to the patho?genesis of the CSDS induced depressive-like mouse model.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908777

ABSTRACT

Cystine is the primary source material for the synthesis of glutathione.However,the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of cystine are largely unknown.A surrogate analyte D4-cystine was employed to generate calibration curves for the determination of levels of D4-cystine and endogenous cystine in mice by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(LC-MS/MS).Validation assessments proved the sensitivity,specificity and reproducibility of the method with a lower limit of quantification(LLOQ)of 5 ng/mL over 5-5000 ng/mL in plasma.The pharmacokinetics of D4-cystine were evaluated after administering injections and oral solutions,both of which minimally impacted endogenous cystine levels.The absolute bioavailability of cystine was 18.6%,15.1%and 25.6%at doses of 25,50 and 100 mg/kg,respectively.Intravenously injected D4-cystine resulted in dramatically high plasma levels with reduced levels in the brain and liver.Intragastrically administered D4-cystine resulted in high levels in the plasma and stomach with relatively low levels in the lung,kidney,heart and brain.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908772

ABSTRACT

Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) has emerged as a potential biomarker for atherosclerosis and the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).Although several clinical studies have shown striking associations of TMAO levels with atherosclerosis and CVDs,TMAO determinations are not clinical routine yet.The current methodology relies on isotope-labeled internal standards,which adds to pre-analytical complexity and costs for the quantification of TMAO and its precursors carnitine,betaine or choline.Here,we report a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry based method that is fast(throughput up to 240 samples/day),consumes low sample volumes (e.g.,from a finger prick),and does not require isotope-labeled standards.We circumvented the analytical problem posed by the presence of endogenous TMAO and its precursors in human plasma by using an artificial plasma matrix for cali-bration.We cross-validated the results obtained using an artificial matrix with those using mouse plasma matrix and demonstrated that TMAO,carnitine,betaine and choline were accurately quantified in 'real-life'human plasma samples from healthy volunteers,obtained either from a finger prick or from venous puncture.Additionally,we assessed the stability of samples stored at-20 ℃ and room temperature.Whereas all metabolites were stable at-20 ℃,increasing concentrations of choline were determined when stored at room temperature.Our method will facilitate the establishment of TMAO as a routine clinical biomarker in hematology in order to assess the risk for CVDs development,or to monitor disease progression and intervention effects.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908766

ABSTRACT

Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has gradually become a promising alternative to ligand binding assay for the bioanalysis of biotherapeutic molecules,due to its rapid method development and high accuracy.In this study,we established a new LC-MS/MS method for the determination of the anti-sclerostin monoclonal antibody (SHR-1222) in cynomolgus monkey serum,and compared it to a previous electrochemiluminescence method.The antibody was quantified by detecting the surrogate peptide obtained by trypsin digestion.The surrogate peptide was carefully selected by investigating its uniqueness,stability and MS response.The quantitative range of the pro-posed method was 2.00-500 μg/mL,and this verified method was successfully applied to the tox-icokinetic assessment of SHR-1222 in cynomolgus monkey serum.It was found that the concentrations of SHR-1222 in cynomolgus monkeys displayed an excellent agreement between the LC-MS/MS and electrochemiluminescence methods (ratios of drug exposure,0.8-1.0).Notably,two monkeys in the 60 mg/kg dose group had abnormal profiles with a low detection value of SHR-1222 in their individual sample.Combining the high-level anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) in these samples and the consistent quantitative results of the two methods,we found that the decreased concentration of SHR-1222 was due to the accelerated clearance mediated by ADAs rather than the interference of ADAs to the detection platform.Taken together,we successfully developed an accurate,efficient and cost-effective LC-MS/MS method for the quantification of SHR-1222 in serum samples,which could serve as a powerful tool to improve the preclinical development of antibody drugs.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906766

ABSTRACT

@#The aim of the study was to develop a simple, rapid and accurate LC-MS/MS method for the determination of digoxin.Digoxin-d3 was taken as the internal standard (IS), and sample preparation was achieved by liquid-liquid extraction.Chromatographic separation was performed on a Kinetex C18 column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 2.6 μm; Phenomenex) using an isocratic elution with merely 2 min for each sample.The mobile phase consisted of water and acetonitrile solutions, both containing 1 mmol/L ammonium acetate and 1 mmol/L formic acid (55∶45).The detection was conducted on a TripleQuadTM 4500MD mass spectrometer coupled with electrospray ionization interface under positive-ion multiple reaction monitoring mode.The transitions were m/z 798.5 → 651.3 and m/z 801.6 → 654.4 for digoxin and digoxin-d3, respectively.Results showed that the method was linear over the range of 0.100-20.0 ng/mL.The selectivity, accuracy and precision, recovery and stability of the method were all within the acceptable limits with no matrix effect.This method was successfully applied to a girl treated with digoxin with substantial improvement of therapeutic effect and elimination of toxic reaction, so it can provide valuable fuidance and reference for individualized medication in clinical practice.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3869-3878, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922447

ABSTRACT

Disease-mediated alterations to drug disposition constitute a significant source of adverse drug reactions. Cisplatin (CDDP) elicits nephrotoxicity due to exposure in proximal tubule cells during renal secretion. Alterations to renal drug transporter expression have been discovered during nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), however, associated changes to substrate toxicity is unknown. To test this, a methionine- and choline-deficient diet-induced rat model was used to evaluate NASH-associated changes to CDDP pharmacokinetics, transporter expression, and toxicity. NASH rats administered CDDP (6 mg/kg, i.p.) displayed 20% less nephrotoxicity than healthy rats. Likewise, CDDP renal clearance decreased in NASH rats from 7.39 to 3.83 mL/min, renal secretion decreased from 6.23 to 2.80 mL/min, and renal CDDP accumulation decreased by 15%, relative to healthy rats. Renal copper transporter-1 expression decreased, and organic cation transporter-2 and ATPase copper transporting protein-7b increased slightly, reducing CDDP secretion. Hepatic CDDP accumulation increased 250% in NASH rats relative to healthy rats. Hepatic organic cation transporter-1 induction and multidrug and toxin extrusion protein-1 and multidrug resistance-associated protein-4 reduction may contribute to hepatic CDDP sequestration in NASH rats, although no drug-related toxicity was observed. These data provide a link between NASH-induced hepatic and renal transporter expression changes and CDDP renal clearance, which may alter nephrotoxicity.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921684

ABSTRACT

Due to the limited resource of bear bile powder, the major raw material of Tanreqing Capsules(TRQ), cultured bear bile powder is used as a replacement to develop the Tanreqing Capsules Substitute(TRQS). An LC-MS/MS method was established in this study for simultaneous quantitation of 8 compounds from TRQS in rat plasma: tauroursodeoxycholic acid(TUDCA), taurocheno-deoxycholic acid(TCDCA), ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA), chenodeoxycholic acid(CDCA), ferulic acid, wogonoside, baicalin, and forsythoside A. Thereby, the pharmacokinetic behaviors of TRQ and TRQS were evaluated. Concentration of endogenous compounds TUDCA, TCDCA, UDCA, and CDCA was determined with the stable isotope surrogate analytes: D4-TUDCA, D4-TCDCA, D4-UDCA, and D4-CDCA. Plasma samples were extracted by acetonitrile-induced protein precipitation. The LC conditions are as follows: Waters BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm), mobile phase of 10 mmol·L~(-1) ammonium formate aqueous solution(containing 0.01% formic acid) and acetonitrile-methanol mixture(1∶5). MS conditions are as below: multiple reaction monitoring(MRM), ESI~(+/-). Concentration of UDCA, CDCA, TUDCA, and TCDCA was corrected with a response factor, which is the ratio between the responses recorded for the surrogate and the authentic analyte at the equal concentration. Each of the plasma components showed good linearity(r > 0.995 1). Accuracy and precision met the criteria(inter-day RSD<7.0%, RE 89.98%-112.0%; intra-day RSD<12%, RE 90.41%-111.2%). The recovery was 64.83%-119.9% and matrix effect was 87.15%-113.8%. The validated method was applied for pharmacokinetic study of TRQS and TRQ(po, 0.94 g·kg~(-1)). There was no significant difference in C_(max) and AUC_(0-24 h) of baicalin, UDCA, TUDCA, and TCDCA between the two groups, indicating similar pharmacokinetic behaviors between TRQS and TRQ in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921678

ABSTRACT

Heat-processed Gynostemma pentaphyllum has strong biological activity, and saponins are the main components. To investigate the changes of saponins in G. pentaphyllum before and after heat processing, the present study determined and analyzed the content of nine saponins in G. pentaphyllum from Zhangzhou of Fujian and Jinxiu of Guangxi by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole ion-trap mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Trap-MS). The separation of the analytes was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.7 μm) at 30 ℃, with acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid in water as the mobile phase by gradient elution, and the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min~(-1). Quantitative analysis was performed using electrospray ionization source(ESI) in the multiple reaction-monitoring(MRM) mode. The results showed that the content of saponins with biological activities increased after heat processing. Specifically, gypenoside L, gypenoside LI, damulin A, damulin B, ginsenoside Rg_3(S), and ginsenoside Rg_3(R) in G. pentaphyllum produced in Zhangzhou of Fujian increased by 7.369, 8.289, 12.155, 7.587, 0.929, and 1.068 μg·g~(-1), respectively, while the content of ginsenoside Rd, gypenoside LVI, and gypenoside XLVI, which were abundant in the raw materials, decreased by 0.779, 19.37, and 9.19 μg·g~(-1), respectively. The content of gypenoside L, gypenoside LI, damulin A, damulin B, ginsenoside Rg_3(S), and ginsenoside Rg_3(R) in G. pentaphyllum produced in Jinxiu of Guangxi increased by 0.100, 0.161, 0.317, 0.228, 3.280, and 3.395 μg·g~(-1), respectively, while the content of ginsenoside Rd, gypenoside LVI, and gypenoside XLVI in the raw materials was reduced by 1.661, 0.014, and 0.010 μg·g~(-1), respectively. The results suggest that heat processing is an effective way to transform rare gypenosides. Furthermore, it is found that there are great differences in the content of gypenosides in different regions.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Gynostemma , Hot Temperature , Saponins
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1526-1540, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888818

ABSTRACT

Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is the most common form of acute leukaemia in adults, with increasing incidence with age and a generally poor prognosis. Almost 20% of AML patients express mutant isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (mIDH2), which leads to the accumulation of the carcinogenic metabolite 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG), resulting in poor prognosis. Thus, global institutions have been working to develop mIDH2 inhibitors. SH1573 is a novel mIDH2 inhibitor that we independently designed and synthesised. We have conducted a comprehensive study on its pharmacodynamics, pharmacokinetics and safety. First, SH1573 exhibited a strong selective inhibition of mIDH2 R140Q protein, which could effectively reduce the production of 2-HG in cell lines, serum and tumors of an animal model. It could also promote the differentiation of mutant AML cell lines and granulocytes in PDX models. Then, it was confirmed that SH1573 possessed characteristics of high bioavailability, good metabolic stability and wide tissue distribution. Finally, toxicological data showed that SH1573 had no effects on the respiratory system, cardiovascular system and nervous system, and was genetically safe. This research successfully promoted the approval of SH1573 for clinical trials (CTR20200247). All experiments demonstrated that, as a potential drug against mIDH2 R140Q acute myeloid leukaemia, SH1573 was effective and safe.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888022

ABSTRACT

A LC-MS/MS method was developed for the rapid and simultaneous determination of genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside,geniposide,naringin,hesperidin and neohesperidin in SD rat plasma.The linear relationships of these five constituents in rats were validated,and the specificity,accuracy,precision and stability met the requirements.Their pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 3.2.2,and the results showed that the metabolic process in vivo of the five constituents accorded with the characteristics of noncompartmental model.Their main pharmacokinetic parameters were listed as follows:(1) genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside:t_(1/2)(3.20±0.51)h,C_(max)(403.15±96.93)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(612.56±148.50)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(3.07±0.75) h,C_(max)(229.50±60.63)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(413.14±76.37)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(2) geniposide:t_(1/2)(3.24±0.68) h,C_(max)(2 961.40±688.02)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(10 972.87±1 992.96)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(4.56±0.96) h,C_(max)(1 833.27±558.13)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(8 996.27±3 053.48)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(3) naringin:t_(1/2)(1.64±0.59) h,C_(max)(415.13±259.54)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(608.62±289.05)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(1.02±0.25) h,C_(max)(355.08±180.00)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(501.07±242.68)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(4) hesperidin:t_(1/2)(0.86±0.29) h,C_(max)(95.17±22.80)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(141.19±54.63)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(0.95±0.31) h,C_(max)(46.48±18.33)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(69.51±14.73)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(5) neohesperidin:t_(1/2)(0.89±0.29) h,C_(max)(828.78±361.56)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(1 292.29±553.73)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(0.90±0.31) h,C_(max)(314.68±172.45)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(385.99±138.55)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2383-2388, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886960

ABSTRACT

Compared with human insulin, insulin lispro shows a faster hypoglycemic effect and a higher peak plasma concentration, which can better control postprandial hyperglycemia. In this study, we used a solid phase extraction pretreatment method and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) to quantify insulin lispro in rat plasma. Bovine insulin was used as an internal standard. Plasma samples were separated on an ACQUITY UPLC Peptide CSH C18 column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.7 μm) after solid phase extraction. Positive electrospray ionization was performed using multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) with transitions of m/z 1 162.5→217.2 for insulin lispro and m/z 1 157.5→136.0 for insulin bovine (internal standard). The method validation results showed that the linear range was 0.1 ng·mL-1 - 100 ng·mL-1; intra- and inter-day accuracy and precision met the acceptance criteria for biological sample analysis. The recovery of insulin lispro ranged from 63.1% to 68.1%. The method was applied in a pharmacokinetic study of insulin lispro following a single-dose subcutaneous administration to rats. Animal experiments were approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2360-2366, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886955

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the biopharmaceutical industry has grown rapidly, and the market size of monoclonal antibody drugs has increased significantly. Accurate structural characterization and quality control are the supporting technologies for the development of monoclonal antibody drugs. As a significant post-translational modification of antibody drugs, glycosylation has an important influence on its efficacy, stability, and immunogenicity. The existing literature usually uses liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to perform major glycosylation modifications of monoclonal antibody drugs. Characterization, there are few studies on low-abundance glycosylation, but the characterization and control of low-abundance glycosylation cannot be ignored. In this study, we have established a qualitative and quantitative analysis technology for N-glycans based on RapiFluor-MS reagent-labeled monoclonal antibody drugs. This method has a short sample processing time and high sensitivity. It can not only characterize the main glycoforms of three monoclonal antibody drugs (adalimumab, bevacizumab, and trastuzumab) but also can quantify low-abundance N-glycans. The results of the study showed that the main glycoforms specified in the Pharmacopoeia could be detected in different batches of monoclonal antibody drugs, but the content of N-glycans in different batches of samples is not identical. After that, we analyzed the N-glycans connection sites and glycoforms at the intact glycopeptide level, further enriching the N-glycans structure information of the monoclonal antibody. The qualitative and quantitative analysis technology of N-glycans based on RapiFluor-MS reagent-labeled monoclonal antibody drugs can realize the in-depth characterization and control of glycosylation modification of monoclonal antibody drugs.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2372-2377, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886954

ABSTRACT

FGF21-164 is a fusion protein obtained by structural modification and coupling of endogenous FGF21. It is a candidate drug used in the treatment of glucose and lipid metabolic disorders caused by obesity. In this study, the candidate peptide mass spectrometry information of the protein hydrolyzed by trypsin was predicted by Skyline software and verified by high resolution mass spectrometry. The specific surrogate peptide (YLYTDDAQQTEAHLEIR) with the best mass response was selected after optimizing ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). Under ESI positive ion mode, the parent ion m/z 689.3 with 3 charge and the product ion m/z 738.4 with single charge can be monitored. After dilution by PBS, the serum samples were denatured under 60 ℃ and alkylated to reduce the matrix effect, then incubated with trypsin at 37 ℃ for 2 h, to obtain the surrogate peptide. The chromatographic separation was carried out on an EclipsePlus C18 column (2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.8 μm) using aqueous solution containing 0.1% formic acid (phase A) and acetonitrile solution containing 0.1% formic acid (phase B). Finally, the concentration of FGF21-164 fusion protein in mouse serum was quantitatively analyzed by external standard method by monitoring the above ion pairs using triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. This method showed a good linearity in the range of 2.50-500 μg·mL-1 (r = 0.998 8), and was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of FGF21-164 fusion protein in mice. This experiment was approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences (batch number: 20180004040450). Compared with the endogenous FGF21, the t1/2 of FGF21-164 fusion protein was prolonged from 0.5 h to 2.6 h, which is expected to prolong the therapeutic efficacy of this protein.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879093

ABSTRACT

In this experiment, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatographytandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry was established for the determination of caffeine in commercially available Ginkgo Folium. The samples were extracted by ultrasonic method with methanol, and separated on Waters CORTECS T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 2.7 μm), with mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid solution-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution for gradient elution, at flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1); column temperature of 30 ℃, and injection volume of 2 μL. Mass spectrometry was conducted at ESI~+ multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) mode; quantitative analysis was conducted with external standard method. The results showed that in the range of 0.099 6-9.96 ng·mL~(-1), there was a good linear relationship between the mass concentration of caffeine and the peak area, R~2=0.999; the average recovery was 84.51%, with RSD of 6.2%. The results of precision, repeatability and stability showed that the RSD was 5.1%, 5.9%, 7.2%, respectively. The content range of caffeine in 10 batches of Ginkgo Folium was 1.52-60.86 μg·kg~(-1). In conclusion, this method is accurate, reliable and reproducible, which provides a reference for the safety study of Ginkgo Folium.


Subject(s)
Caffeine , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ginkgo biloba , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1356-1361, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877258

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for concentration determination of anlotinib in human plasma and apply it in the clinic. METHODS :The plasma samples were pretreated by salting-out assisted with liquid-liquid extraction with ammonium acetate as salting out assistant and acetonitrile as solvent. Using voriconazole as internal standard ,LC-MS/MS method was adopted. The separation was performed on Waters X Bridge C 18 column with mobile phase consisting of 0.2% formic acid solution- acetonitrile(gradient elution )at the flow rate of 1 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 40 ℃,and sample size was 10 μL. The split ratio was 3∶7. The electrospray ion source and multiple reaction monitoring mode were used for the analysis. The ion pair of anlotinib and internal standard under positive ion mode were m/z 408.3→339.3 and m/z 350.2→281.3,respectively. RESULTS : Anlotinib showed a good linear relationship in the concentration range of 0.2-200 ng/mL(R2>0.996 7). The lowest limit of quantitation was 0.2 ng/mL. Intra-day and inter-day RSDs were no more than 12% (n=6 or n=3). Accuracies were 90.92%-108.00%(n=6 or n=3). The average extraction recoveries were 87.51%-100.00%(RSD<8%,n=6). The average matrix effects were 96.66%-99.93%(RSD<5%,n=6). The plasma concentration of 3 patients with NSCLC treated with anlotinib was 8.74-65.60 ng/mL. CONCLUSIONS :The method is simple ,accurate and specific ,and is suitable for the plasma concentration monitoring of anlotinib in NSCLC patients.

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