Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.914
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1422777


ABSTRACT Schistosomiasis is a major health problem that affects over 200 million people worldwide. There are few reports of Schistosoma mansoni found in liver transplants as well as scarce information about the course of the disease and the long-term effects on the graft. Herein, we report two cases of schistosomiasis in liver transplant recipients who presented abnormal serum liver enzymes, with evidence of gradual improvement after antiparasitic treatment. Furthermore, we discuss the possible role of screening the parasite infection in potential liver transplant recipients from endemic areas.

Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 56: e12671, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430017


In biliary atresia (BA), efforts to prevent premature liver transplantation (LT) are aimed at early diagnosis, timing of Kasai-portoenterostomy (KPE), and centralization of care. This report presents the clinical picture, treatment strategies, and outcomes of BA patients with no previous treatment. A retrospective cohort study (Jan/2001 to Jan/2021) was conducted to evaluate the outcome of patients with BA referred to a single team. Study groups were: 1) Kasai-only group (K-only) n=9), 2) LT-only group (n=7), and 3) Kasai+LT group (K+LT) (n=23). Survival with native liver and overall survival were 22.9 and 94.8%, respectively, at 120 months of follow-up. There was no difference in age at KPE in the K-only group (46.8±21.8 days) vs K+LT (52.1±22 days), P=0.4. Ten (25.6%) patients were babies conceived through in vitro fertilization (IVF). Four IVF patients (40%) presented associated congenital heart disease vs 5 patients (17%) in the remaining group (P=0.14). Two of the IVF patients were premature (<37 weeks). Median maternal age at birth was 35 years (33 to 41 years). Excellent patient survival is expected for patients with BA with the available treatment strategies. IVF+BA was an unexpected prevalent association in this cohort, and further studies are required to better understand these findings.

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 288-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965054


Objective To evaluate the application value of perioperative interventional strategy guided by enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in elderly recipients undergoing liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 405 liver transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to age, all recipients were divided into the elderly (≥60 years, n=122) and non-elderly groups (< 60 years, n=283). All patients received perioperative interventions under the guidance of ERAS. Intraoperative and postoperative indexes, incidence of postoperative complications and discharge were analyzed between two groups. Results There were no significant differences in the duration of anesthesia, operation time, anhepatic phase, hemorrhage volume, blood transfusion volume, lactic acid level before abdominal closure, ventilator-assisted time, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, Caprini score, CHIPPS score, time of gastric tube, urinary tube and drainage tube removal, time to first drinking, time to first physical activity and time to first flatus between two groups (all P > 0.05). In the elderly group, the time to first feeding was later than that in the non-elderly group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the incidence of fever, ascites, pulmonary infection, delayed gastric emptying, hemorrhage and inactive venous thrombosis between two groups (all P > 0.05). No significant differences were observed in the levels of aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, serum creatinine before discharge and total length of hospital stay between two groups (all P > 0.05). The alanine aminotransferase level in elderly recipients was lower than that in non-elderly counterparts, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). No unplanned reoperation was performed within postoperative 30 d in two groups. There was no significant difference in the re-hospitalization rate within 30 d after discharge (P > 0.05). Conclusions ERAS-guided interventional strategy contributes to perioperative recovery of elderly recipients undergoing liver transplantation, and yields equivalent postoperative recovery between elderly and non-elderly recipients.

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 241-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965048


Objective To evaluate the efficacy of perioperative use of tigecycline in preventing infection and the incidence of hypofibrinogenemia in liver transplant recipients. Methods Clinical data of 40 liver transplant recipients given with tigecycline to prevent infection were retrospectively analyzed. The incidence of infection in recipients and donor-derived infection were analyzed. The changes of clinical indexes in recipients during, upon the completion and (7±2) d after tigecycline treatment were analyzed, respectively. The incidence and treatment of hypofibrinogenemia were summarized. Results Among 40 liver transplant recipients, 2 cases were infected by aspergillus niger and cytomegalovirus, out of the antibacterial spectrum of tigecycline. After adjusting the anti-infection regimen, the infection was properly controlled. Liver allografts were positive for relevant culture in 9 cases, whereas none of them progressed into donor-derived infection. Approximately at postoperative 2 weeks, all 40 recipients restored liver function and were discharged from hospital. Among them, 6 recipients developed hypofibrinogenemia complicated with coagulation disorder at postoperative 2-4 d, whereas transaminase level, bilirubin level and infection-related indexes were gradually decreased after liver transplantation, and albumin level was stable. After supplemented with human fibrinogen and prothrombin complex, coagulation function was improved, but fibrinogen level persistently declined. After terminating use of tigecycline, fibrinogen level was gradually restored to normal range, which might be an adverse drug reaction induced by tigecycline. Conclusions Perioperative anti-infection regimen including tigecycline may reduce the incidence of infection caused by sensitive bacteria in liver transplant recipients. Nevertheless, the incidence of hypofibrinogenemia should be intimately monitored throughout the use of tigecycline.

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 201-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965042


As an effective treatment for end-stage liver disease, liver transplantation has been widely carried out worldwide and gradually captivated widespread recognition. With the advancement of liver transplantation techniques, the incidence of postoperative complications has been gradually declined, and the short-term and long-term prognosis of recipients have been constantly improved. However, a huge gap has existed between the supply and demand of donor organs, which is a major factors restricting the development of liver transplantation. The amount of liver transplantation operation in China is increasing year by year, the shortage of donor liver is becoming more and more prominent, and marginal donor liver is increasingly used in clinic. In recent years, the selection criteria of donor organs, organ preservation and functional maintenance have been continuously improved. In this article, the application and development trend of different techniques were reviewed from the perspectives of donor liver preservation and functional maintenance, and recent technical development and research results were summarized, aiming to provide reference for further enhancing the survival rate of grafts and recipients and promoting the development of liver transplantation in China.

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 154-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959034


Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is the "gold standard" for the diagnosis of portal hypertension, which could be applied in the evaluation of liver cirrhosis. Combined use of HVPG with model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scoring system may more accurately match the donors and recipients undergoing liver transplantation for liver cirrhosis, select the appropriate timing of surgery, and provide guidance for bridging treatment for patients on the waiting list for liver transplantation. Besides, HVPG may also predict clinical prognosis of liver transplant recipients, and provide evidence for early detection and intervention of potential complications. Therefore, the value of HVPG in preoperative evaluation and prognosis prediction of liver transplant recipients was reviewed, aiming to provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment of liver transplant recipients before and after surgery.

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 142-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959032


With persistent advancement of surgical instruments, methods and techniques, clinical efficacy of liver transplantation has been steadily enhanced. However, the length of anhepatic phase is still an important factor affecting the efficacy of liver transplantation. Rat is one of the major animal models for liver transplantation-related basic research. In this article, multiple approaches for prolonging the anhepatic phase and shortening the operation time during anhepatic phase in rat liver transplantation were reviewed, which consisted of sevoflurane inhalation anesthesia, intravenous infusion via jugular vein indwelling needle, clamping of the abdominal aorta before anhepatic phase, injection of normal saline into portal vein before anhepatic phase, subcutaneous transposition of the spleen, electrocoagulation of hepatic esophageal artery, magnetic ring anastomosis of the superior and inferior hepatic vena cava, cannula anastomosis of the superior and inferior hepatic vena cava, stent anastomosis of the superior and inferior hepatic vena cava, rapid connection device and cannula of portal vein, and ring-shaped cannula of hepatic tissue-preserving inferior hepatic vena cava, aiming to add evidence for prolonging the duration of anhepatic phase, improving the operation efficiency during anhepatic phase and elevating the success rate of rat liver transplantation.

Organ Transplantation ; (6): 128-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959030


Objective To evaluate the effect of different techniques of hepatic artery reconstruction on postoperative hepatic artery complications and clinical prognosis in liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 140 liver transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. All recipients were divided into the conventional hepatic artery reconstruction group (n=123) and special hepatic artery reconstruction group (n=17) according to hepatic artery reconstruction methods. Intraoperative and postoperative clinical indexes, the incidence of postoperative hepatic artery complications and survival rate were compared between two groups. Results The alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels at postoperative 1 d, total bilirubin (TB) at postoperative 7 d and prothrombin time international normalized ratio (PT-INR) at postoperative 30 d in special hepatic artery reconstruction group were higher than those in conventional hepatic artery reconstruction group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the operation time, anhepatic phase, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative transfusion volume of red blood cells, cold or warm ischemia time, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, the length of hospital stay and postoperative blood flow of liver allograft between two groups (all P > 0.05). In the conventional hepatic artery reconstruction group, 5 recipients developed hepatic artery complications, whereas no hepatic artery complications occurred in the special hepatic artery reconstruction group, with no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05). In the special hepatic artery reconstruction group, the 1-, 3- and 5-year cumulative survival rates were equally 82.4%, compared with 85.0%, 78.9% and 75.6% in the conventional hepatic artery reconstruction group, respectively. There was no significant difference between two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions When hepatic artery variations and (or) lesions are detected in donors and recipients, use of special hepatic artery reconstruction may effectively restore the hepatic arterial blood flow of liver allograft after liver transplantation, and will not affect the incidence of hepatic artery complications and survival rate of the recipients following liver transplantation.

Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(4): 494-500, Out,-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420203


ABSTRACT Background Psychosocial assessment is a key component in evaluation for liver transplantation and may affect survival rates and outcomes. Objective The primary aim of this study was to investigate the impact of previous mental disorders and impulsivity on the 2-year surviving rate after liver transplantation. Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study assessing end-stage liver disease individuals with and without psychiatric comorbidities for 2 years post-transplant. Psychiatric diagnosis was carried out through Mini-Plus 5.0.0 and impulsivity by using Barratt Impulsiveness Scale in the pre-transplant phase. We followed patient's status for 2 years after transplantation. The main outcome was death. We used a logistic regression to evaluate the association of psychiatric comorbidities with death and performed a survival analysis with Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression models. Results: Between June 2010 and July 2014, 93 out of 191 transplant candidates received transplants. From the 93 transplant patients, 21 had psychiatric comorbidities and 72 had not. 25 patients died during the study. The presence of psychiatric comorbidities (P=0.353) and high impulsivity (P=0.272) were not associated to 2-year post transplant death. Conclusion: This study found no evidence that the presence of mental disorders and impulsivity worsened prognosis in post-liver transplantation.

RESUMO Contexto: A avaliação psicossocial é essencial na avaliação para transplante hepático; ela pode afetar as taxas de sobrevida e outros desfechos. Objetivo: O objetivo principal deste estudo foi investigar o impacto de transtornos mentais prévios e impulsividade nos índices de sobrevivência após o transplante hepático. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo prospectivo de coorte com indivíduos em estágio avançado da doença hepática com e sem comorbidades psiquiátricas no pré-transplante, acompanhados por 2 anos após o transplante. Na fase pré-transplante foi realizado o diagnóstico psiquiátrico através do Mini-Plus 5.0.0 e avaliada a impulsividade através da Escala de Impulsividade Barratt. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por 2 anos após o transplante. O desfecho principal foi óbito. Foi utilizada regressão logística para avaliar a associação entre comorbidades psiquiátricas e óbito. Também foi realizada análise de sobrevida com Kaplan-Meier e modelo de regressão Cox. Resultados: Entre junho de 2010 e julho de 2014 foram transplantados 93 pacientes entre os 191 candidatos. Dos 93 pacientes transplantados, 21 tinham comorbidade psiquiátrica e 72 não tinham. Durante o período de acompanhamento houve 25 óbitos. A presença de comorbidade psiquiátrica (P=0.353) e alta impulsividade (P=0.272) não foram associadas a óbito pós-transplante até segundo ano de cirurgia. Conclusão: Este estudo não encontrou evidências de que a presença de transtorno mental e impulsividade pioram o prognóstico pós-transplante hepático.

J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 98(6): 607-613, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421998


Abstract Objective: Pediatric acute liver failure (PALF) is a heterogeneous, rare, and severe condition, which outcome is survival due to liver spontaneous recovery or death. The patients who do not recover may be allocated to liver transplantation, which is the standard treatment. This study aimed to build a prognostic model to support the clinical decision to indicate liver transplantation for patients with PALF in a Brazilian center. Methods: The authors retrospectively analyzed the clinical variables of 120 patients in the liver transplantation program of the 'Children's Institute of the University of São Paulo, Brazil. The authors conducted a univariate analysis of variables associated with survival in PALF. Logistic multivariate analysis was performed to find a prognostic model for the outcome of patients with pediatric acute liver failure. Results: Risk factors were analyzed using univariate analysis. Two prognostic models were built using multiple logistic regression, which resulted in 2 models: model 1(INR/ALT) and model 2 (INR/Total bilirubin). Both models showed a high sensitivity (97.9%/96.9%), good positive predictive value (89.5%/90.4%), and accuracy (88.4%/88.5%), respectively. The receiver operating characteristic was calculated for both models, and the area under the curve was 0.87 for model 1 and 0.88 for model 2. The Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed that model 1 was good. Conclusion: The authors built a prognostic model for PALF using INR and ALT that can contribute to the clinical decision to allocate patients to liver transplantation.

Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(4): 390-401, oct.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423835


Resumen Introducción: la valoración hemodinámica mediante ecocardiografía Doppler tiene importancia en la identificación de alteraciones sistólicas/diastólicas como predictor de desenlaces en el postrasplante hepático desde alteraciones cardiovasculares hasta disfunción del injerto y mortalidad. Métodos: estudio de cohorte retrospectivo. Paciente con trasplante hepático en el hospital LaCardio, en Bogotá, Colombia entre enero de 2005 y julio de 2021. Análisis de variables sociodemográficas, comorbilidades, ecocardiografía y variables intraoperatorias con desenlaces primarios como disfunción temprana del injerto, lesión renal aguda (LRA) y mortalidad durante el seguimiento. Se realizó un árbol de clasificación y regresión (CART). Resultados: se analizaron a 397 pacientes, el 54,4% eran hombres, y el 71% tenía algún grado de disfunción diastólica, hipertrofia ventricular izquierda (30,9%) con presencia de disfunción del injerto en el 8% y LRA en el 21%, y una mortalidad del 15% durante el seguimiento del estudio. En el modelo CART para desenlaces de mortalidad y disfunción del injerto se relacionó con la presencia de índice de masa corporal (IMC) < 19 o la combinación de IMC entre 19 y < 24 con diálisis. Conclusión: las variables ecocardiográficas, la sarcopenia y la LRA o requerimiento de terapia de reemplazo renal se relacionan con desenlaces de mortalidad y disfunción del injerto.

Abstract Introduction: Hemodynamic assessment by Doppler echocardiography is essential in identifying systolic/diastolic changes as a predictor of outcomes in post-liver transplantation, from cardiovascular changes to graft dysfunction and mortality. Materials and methods: Retrospective cohort study. Patient with a liver transplant at the LaCardio hospital in Bogotá, Colombia, between January 2005 and July 2021. Analysis of sociodemographic variables, comorbidities, echocardiography, and intraoperative variables with primary outcomes such as early graft dysfunction, acute kidney injury (AKI), and mortality during follow-up. A classification and regression tree (CART) was performed. Results: 397 patients were analyzed; 54.4% were men, 71% had some degree of diastolic dysfunction and left ventricular hypertrophy (30.9%) with graft dysfunction in 8% and AKI in 21%, and a mortality of 15% during the study follow-up. In the CART model, mortality and graft dysfunction outcomes were related to a body mass index (BMI) < 19 or a combination of BMI between 19 and < 24 with dialysis. Conclusion: Echocardiographic variables, sarcopenia, AKI, or the requirement for renal replacement therapy are related to mortality and graft dysfunction outcomes.

Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(4): 444-449, oct.-dic. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423840


Resumen El síndrome del linfocito pasajero (PLS) es una complicación de injerto contra huésped que se presenta en el trasplante de órganos sólidos o en el trasplante de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas. Es una causa importante de hemólisis inmune después del trasplante causada por la producción de anticuerpos por parte de los clones específicos de linfocitos B viables transferidos a través del órgano del donante contra los antígenos de los glóbulos rojos del receptor. Generalmente ocurre en los trasplantes con discordancia menor ABO o Rh. Este estudio descriptivo describe el caso de un paciente de 54 años con grupo sanguíneo O/Rh(D) positivo, con cirrosis secundaria a enfermedad metabólica asociada al hígado graso (MAFLD) que fue llevado a trasplante hepático de donante O/Rh(D) negativo. A los 9 días del trasplante presentó una anemia hemolítica inmune por anticuerpos anti-D por efecto del linfocito B pasajero del donante sensibilizado. El paciente recibió medidas de soporte, transfusión de glóbulos rojos e inmunosupresión con esteroides, con lo que se logró la estabilización de los parámetros hemolíticos. En conclusión, esta es una entidad que se debe sospechar en caso de anemia hemolítica aguda en el período postrasplante.

Abstract Passenger lymphocyte syndrome (PLS) is a graft-versus-host complication in solid organ transplantation or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. It is a major cause of immune hemolysis after transplantation caused by the production of antibodies by the specific clones of viable B lymphocytes transferred through the donor organ against the antigens of the recipient's red blood cells. It usually occurs in transplants with minor ABO or Rh mismatch. This descriptive study explains the case of a 54-year-old patient with O/Rh(D) positive blood group, with cirrhosis secondary to metabolic disease associated with fatty liver (NAFLD), who underwent liver transplantation from an O/Rh(D) negative donor. Nine days after the transplant, the patient presented with immune hemolytic anemia due to anti-D antibodies because of the transient B lymphocyte from the sensitized donor. The patient received support measures, transfusion of red blood cells, and immunosuppression with steroids, which stabilized the hemolytic parameters. In conclusion, this entity should be suspected in the case of acute hemolytic anemia in the post-transplant period.

Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(4): 454-458, oct.-dic. 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423842


Resumen Objetivo: describir un caso de trasplante hepático en un paciente con resultado positivo en la prueba del coronavirus del síndrome respiratorio agudo grave de tipo 2 (SARS-CoV-2) con éxito en el postrasplante temprano, pero que desarrolló complicaciones asociadas a la inmunosupresión y trombosis portal sin una trombofilia identificada en un centro de alta complejidad de un país latinoamericano. Descripción del caso: paciente de 48 años con diagnóstico de cirrosis hepática secundaria a esteatohepatitis no alcohólica (NASH) complicada por varios episodios de ascitis portal hipertensiva y encefalopatía hepática, ingresada para trasplante hepático ortóptico. En los exámenes iniciales tuvo una prueba positiva para SARS-CoV-2 y era asintomático respiratorio. El trasplante se realizó con éxito luego de la autorización del comité de infección. Después del primer mes posoperatorio presentó diarrea, ascitis y daño renal agudo. Los niveles de tacrolimus en el reingreso fueron superiores a 10 ng/mL y hubo una mejoría clínica significativa con la suspensión del fármaco. Finalmente, el paciente requirió retrasplante por trombosis de la vena porta y de las venas suprahepáticas, aunque no se identificó la etiología. Conclusión: se describe uno de los primeros informes de trasplante de hígado en un paciente con recuperación reciente de COVID-19 y pruebas persistentemente positivas. En el postrasplante temprano hubo una buena respuesta; sin embargo, luego del primer mes presentó complicaciones relacionadas con la inmunosupresión. Este caso también plantea la posible asociación entre el SARS-CoV-2 y el desarrollo de trombosis en la circulación portal hepática.

Abstract Objective: To describe a case of liver transplantation in a patient with a positive result in the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2) test with success in the early post-transplantation, but who developed complications associated with immunosuppression and portal vein thrombosis without thrombophilia identified at a tertiary referral center in a Latin American country. Case: A 48-year-old patient diagnosed with liver cirrhosis secondary to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) complicated by several episodes of portal hypertension ascites and hepatic encephalopathy was admitted for orthoptic liver transplantation. On initial examinations, he had a positive test for SARS-CoV-2 and was asymptomatic in the respiratory tract. The transplant was carried out successfully after the authorization of the infection committee. After the first postoperative month, he presented with diarrhea, ascites, and acute kidney injury. Tacrolimus levels at readmission were more significant than 10 ng/mL, and there was a significant clinical improvement with drug discontinuation. Finally, the patient required re-transplantation due to thrombosis of the portal vein and suprahepatic veins, although the etiology was not identified. Conclusion: One of the first reports of liver transplantation in a patient with recent recovery from COVID-19 and persistently positive tests is described. In the early post-transplant, there was a good response; however, after the first month, he had complications related to immunosuppression. This case also posits the possible association between SARS-CoV-2 and the development of thrombosis in the hepatic portal circulation.

Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(3): 390-393, July-Sept. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403502


ABSTRACT Background: The emergence of potent combined highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 1996 changed the natural history of HIV infection, with a significant reduction in mortality due to opportunistic infections but increased morbidity due to chronic cardiovascular, hepatic, and renal diseases. In May 2016, a reference center for liver transplantation in the Northeast of Brazil performed the first liver transplantations (LT) in HIV patients, with five others until 2021. Methods: The criteria for selection of LT were good adherence and absence of resistance to ART, HIV viral load maximum suppression, T-CD4+ lymphocyte count of more than 100 cells/mm3, and absence of opportunistic infections in the last 6 months. Results: Six liver transplants were performed between May 2016 and May 2021, five men, with a mean age of 53.2 years, and one was a diabetic patient. All patients had access to grafts with short cold ischemia with a mean time of 5 hours and 39 minutes. The 4-month survival rate was 100%, with a range time of follow-up of 4-63 months (mean time of 31 months). The mean pre-transplant T-CD4+ lymphocyte count was 436 cells/mm3. The mean length of hospital stay after transplantation was 16.8 days. One patient presented precocious vena cava thrombosis; another had stenosis of cavocaval anastomosis leading to refractory ascites, renal failure and post-transplant graft dysfunction, and another presented stenosis of choledochal anastomosis. Immunosuppression and prophylaxis were used according to standard protocols, and there were no differences in the profile of infections or rejection after liver transplantation. Conclusion: This case series documents good survival and usual transplant procedures for confirmed HIV cases.

RESUMO Contexto: A emergência da terapia antirretroviral de alta potência, em 1996, mudou a história natural da infecção por HIV, com redução significativa de mortalidade por infecções oportunistas, mas com aumento de morbidade por doenças crônicas cardiovasculares, hepáticas e renais. Em maio de 2016, um centro de referência em transplante hepático no Nordeste do Brasil realizou o primeiro transplante hepático em portadores de HIV, com cinco outros até 2021. Métodos: Os critérios de seleção para o transplante hepático foram: boa aderência e ausência de resistência à terapia antirretroviral, carga viral indetectável, contagem de linfócitos T-CD4+ acima de 100/ mm3 e ausência de infecções oportunistas nos últimos 6 meses. Resultados: Seis transplantes hepáticos foram feitos em portadores de HIV entre maio de 2016 e maio de 2021, cinco homens, com idade média de 53,2 anos, um paciente diabético. Todos os pacientes tiveram acesso a enxertos com tempo de isquemia fria curto com média de 5 horas e 39 minutos. A sobrevida em 4 meses foi de 100%, com tempo de acompanhamento de 4-63 meses (média de 31 meses). A contagem média de linfócitos T-CD4+ pré-transplante foi de 436 células/ mm3. A média de tempo de internação foi de 16,8 dias. Um paciente teve trombose de veia cava proximal; outro teve estenose de anastomose cavo-caval, levando à ascite refratária, falência renal e disfunção de enxerto pós-transplante; e outro teve estenose de anastomose do colédoco. A imunossupressão e a profilaxia foram usadas de acordo com protocolos padrão e não houve diferenças no perfil de infecções ou de rejeição pós-transplante. Conclusão: Esta casuística ilustra que o transplante de fígado em portadores do HIV apresenta complicações usuais e sobrevida satisfatória.

Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(4): 559-565, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410192


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent complication during the postoperative period following liver transplantation. Occurrence of AKI in intensive care unit (ICU) patients is associated with increased mortality and higher costs. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate occurrences of moderate or severe AKI among patients admitted to the ICU after liver transplantation and investigate characteristics associated with this complication. DESIGN AND SETTING: Single-center retrospective cohort study in a public hospital, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. METHODS: Forty-nine patients admitted to the ICU between January 2015 and April 2017 were included. AKI was defined from a modified Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) score (i.e. based exclusively on serum creatinine levels). RESULTS: Eighteen patients (36.7%) developed AKI KDIGO 2 or 3; mostly KDIGO 3 (16 out of the 18 patients). Lactate level within the first six hours after ICU admission (odds ratio, OR: 1.3; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.021-1.717; P = 0.034) and blood transfusion requirement within the first week following transplantation (OR: 8.4; 95% CI: 1.687-41.824; P = 0.009) were independently associated with development of AKI. Patients with AKI KDIGO 2 or 3 underwent more renal replacement therapy (72.2% versus 3.2%; P < 0.01), had longer hospital stay (20 days versus 15 days; P = 0.001), higher in-hospital mortality (44.4% versus 6.5%; P < 0.01) and higher mortality rate after one year (44.4% versus 9.7%; P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: Need for blood transfusion during ICU stay and hyperlactatemia within the first six postoperative hours after liver transplantation are independently associated with moderate or severe AKI. Developing AKI is apparently associated with poor outcomes.

Arq. bras. cardiol ; 119(2): 246-254, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383755


Resumo Fundamento: A doença cardiovascular está entre as principais causas de morte entre pacientes transplantados. Embora esses pacientes possam teoricamente se beneficiar de programas de reabilitação baseada em exercícios (RBE), sua implementação ainda é um desafio. Objetivo: Apresentamos nossa experiência inicial em diferentes modos de realização de um programa piloto de RBE em receptores de transplante de rim e fígado. Métodos: Trinta e dois pacientes transplantados renais ou hepáticos foram convidados para um programa de RBE de 6 meses realizado na academia do hospital, na academia comunitária ou em casa, de acordo com a preferência do paciente. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5%. Resultados: Dez pacientes (31%) não completaram o programa. Entre os 22 que completaram, 7 treinaram na academia do hospital, 7 na academia comunitária e 8 em casa. O efeito geral foi um aumento de 11,4% nos METs máximos (tamanho do efeito de Hedges g = 0,39). O grupo de academia hospitalar teve um aumento nos METs de 25,5% (g = 0,58, tamanho de efeito médio) versus 10% (g = 0,25) e 6,5% (g = 0,20) para os grupos de academia comunitária e em casa, respectivamente. Houve efeito benéfico nas pressões arteriais sistólica e diastólica, maior para os grupos academia hospitalar (g= 0,51 e 0,40) e academia comunitária (g= 0,60 e 1,15) do que para os pacientes treinando em casa (g= 0,07 e 0,10). Nenhum evento adverso significativo foi relatado durante o seguimento. Conclusão: Programas de RBE em receptores de transplante de rim e fígado devem ser incentivados, mesmo que sejam realizados fora da academia do hospital, pois são seguros com efeitos positivos na capacidade de exercício e nos fatores de risco cardiovascular.

Abstract Background: Cardiovascular disease is among the leading causes of death in solid organ transplant recipients with a functional graft. Although these patients could theoretically benefit from exercise-based rehabilitation (EBR) programs, their implementation is a challenge. Objective: We present our initial experience on different delivery modes of a pilot EBR program in kidney and liver transplant recipients. Methods: Thirty-two kidney or liver transplant recipients were invited for a 6-month EBR program delivered at the hospital gym, community gym or at home, according to the patient's preference. The significance level adopted was 5%. Results: Ten patients (31%) did not complete their program. Among the 22 who did, 7 trained at the hospital gym, 7 at the community gym, and 8 at home. The overall effect was an 11.4% increase in maximum METs (Hedges' effect size g = 0.39). The hospital gym group had an increase in METs of 25.5% (g= 0.58, medium effect size) versus 10% (g= 0.25), and 6.5% (g= 0.20) for the community gym and home groups, respectively. There was a beneficial effect on systolic and diastolic blood pressures, greater for the hospital gym (g= 0.51 and 0.40) and community gym (g= 0.60 and 1.15) groups than for the patients training at home (g= 0.07 and 0.10). No significant adverse event was reported during the follow-up. Conclusion: EBR programs in kidney and liver transplant recipients should be encouraged, even if they are delivered outside a hospital gym, since they are safe with positive effects on exercise capacity and cardiovascular risk factors.

Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(4): e187-e191, Agosto 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1379154


El hemangioendotelioma epiteloide hepático (HEHE) es un tumor vascular raro de menor malignidad que el hemangiosarcoma. En los poco frecuentes casos unilobulares, puede indicarse hepatectomía parcial con riesgo de recurrencia agresiva; en enfermedad hepática extensa, incluso con compromiso extrahepático, el trasplante hepático ha resultado efectivo. Las metástasis son más frecuentes en pulmón,peritoneo, ganglios linfáticos, bazo y sistema nervioso. Se presenta el caso de un adolescente asintomático con HEHE con metástasis pulmonares y compromiso ganglionar abdominal que recibió trasplante hepático con evolución favorable.

Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) is a rare vascular tumor of less malignancy than hemangiosarcoma. In the rare unilobar cases, partial hepatectomy may be indicated with risk of aggressive recurrence; in extensive liver disease, even with extrahepatic involvement, liver transplantation has been performed successfully. Metastases are more common in the lung, peritoneum, lymph nodes, spleen, and nervous system. We present the case of an asymptomatic adolescent with HEHE with lung metastases and abdominal lymph node involvement who received a liver transplant with a favorable outcome.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Liver Transplantation , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid/surgery , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid/diagnosis , Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(5)mayo 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409845


In Chile, colorectal cancer ranks third in incidence and fifth in mortality. Half of these patients have liver metastases at the diagnosis, and only 30% of them are resectable. Despite the development of many complex hepatobiliary procedures to achieve the total resection of metastases, the long-term survival with these techniques is not good. Liver transplantation is an alternative to treat unresectable liver metastasis from colorectal cancer with a good outcome. Several prognostic scores allow the selection of patients with good tumor biology. These patients have better overall and disease-free survival after liver transplantation. The use of immunosuppressive treatment doesn't increase recurrence, and even the pattern of tumor growth is slower in liver transplant recipients. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current evidence in this topic and to highlight the need for a formal protocol for liver transplantation for unresectable colorectal liver metastases, using living donors or marginal grafts to avoid competition with the rest of the national waiting list.

Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 66(2): 182-190, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374268


ABSTRACT Objective: Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) is a common metabolic complication after liver transplant that negatively affects a recipient's survival and graft function. This study aims to identify risk factors associated with diabetes after liver transplant. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted from September to November 2019. Data collection was performed by chart review, and patients were divided into 3 groups: patients without diabetes mellitus (DM), patients with pre-transplant diabetes mellitus, and patients with PTDM. Results: Two hundred and forty-seven patients' medical charts were screened, and 207 patients were included: 107 without DM, 42 with pre-transplant DM, and 58 with PTDM. The leading cause for liver transplant was hepatitis C, followed by hepatocellular carcinoma secondary to alcohol. There was a higher exposure to tacrolimus in patients without DM ( P = 0.02) and to ciclosporin in patients with pre-transplant DM, compared to others ( P = 0.005). Microscopic interface inflammatory activity was more severe in patients without DM as well as those with PTDM ( P = 0.032). There was a higher prevalence of steatosis in recipients with pre-transplant DM than there was in others ( P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression identified the following independent risk factors for DM: cirrhosis due to alcohol, hepatitis C, and triglycerides. For PTDM, these independent risk factors were cirrhosis due to alcohol, hepatitis C, and prednisone exposure. Conclusion: Alcoholic cirrhosis is a risk factor for PTDM in liver recipients. Liver transplant recipients with a pre-transplant history of cirrhosis due to alcohol, hepatitis C, and prednisone exposure deserve more caution during PTDM screening.