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International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 124-128, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489604


Colorectal cancer is currently the world's fourth incidence of malignant tumors,the early clinical manifestations are not obvious,so the early diagnosis is difficult to find,most of them are in progress.Treatment of advanced stage with chemotherapy,interventional therapy,radiotherapy and other methods,in which chemotherapy in the killing of tumor cells at the same time,the normal cells of the body also has a killing effect.In recent years,all kinds of new nano targeting delivery system has been developed,which can be targeted to the tumor tissue,so it is more and more important in the treatment of intestinal tumor,especially with metastasis.The author has made an overview of the types of nano drug carrier materials,the research status and its application in the research of colorectal cancer.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428525


Objective Xenografts have poor biocompatibilities,the aim of this study was to improve the biocompatibilities of decellular xenografts via heparin/dihydroxy-iron complex multilayeres (HDCMs) nanomodification.Methods A novel thrombo-resistant surface for decellular xenograft had been developed by alternating linkage of dihydroxy-iron and heparin to decellular bovine jugular vein (DC-BJV),and surface characterization and biocompatibility of HDCMs nanomodified BJV (HDCMs-BJV) were detected.Results Toluidine blue colorimetric method showed the amount of linked heparin was about (808 ±86) μg/cm2 per assembly-cycle.SEM images proved HDCMs were uniformly linked to and formed nanoscale films around the fibrils of DC-BJV.Washing test proved HDCMs were firmly linked to BJV and sustainedly released heparin for a long time.Tensile test showed that biomechanical stability was increased.Antithrombogenicity test showed that the activated partial thrombin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) of all trial groups were above the normal reference ranges.Platelet adhesion test evaluated mean platelet count per 10 000 μm2 area was 8 ±4 for HDCMs-BJV vs.48 ± 16 for DC-BJV.Endothelial cells (ECs) proliferation test showed the number and activity of ECs on luminal surface of HDCMs-BJV were very similar to DC-BJV at 7-day incubation.Calcium content assay evaluated mean calcium content was ( 8.5 ± 1.9 ) μg/mg dry weight for HDCMs-BJV vs.(26.6 ± 3.7) μg/mg dry weight for DC-BJV at 4 weeks and (21.5 ± 6.8 ) μg/mg dry weight for HDCMsBJV vs.( 112.6 ± 16.9) μg/mg dry weight for DC-BJVs at 8 weeks,respectively.Conclusion These results demonstrate HDCMs were firmly linked to BJV and formed nanoscale thrombo-resistant films,and HDCMs nanomodification improves biocompatibilities of decellular xenograft.