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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379328


<p>In the year 2000, the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD) was created with the support of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS). STS database software was translated to Japanese with the same definitions and in 2001, the data entry of adult cardiac surgeries was initiated online using University Hospital Medical Information Network, UMIN. In 2008, entry of the data of congenital heart surgeries was initiated in the congenital section of JCVSD and preoperative expected mortality (JapanSCORE) in adult cardiovascular surgeries was first calculated using the risk model of JCVSD. In 2011, the Japan Surgical Board system merged with JCVSD and all cardiovascular surgical data could be registered in JCVSD from 2012. The reports resulting from the analyses of data from JCVSD (Current Status of Cardiovascular Surgery in Japan, 2013 and 2014 : A report based on the JCVSD) will encourage further improvements in the quality of cardiovascular surgeries, patient safety, and medical care for patients in Japan.</p>

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378385


<p>National Clinical Database (NCD) is a multidisciplinary clinical registry platform collecting patient case information throughout Japan in close linkage with the board certification systems for various Japanese professional medical societies. Since its initiation of data collection in 2011, NCD has grown in its size as more national level professional societies joined its activity. Its current case registration volume is above 150 million cases per year. In this commentary, we will introduce four patterns of utilization examples of NCD: 1) data use for the assessment and improvement of healthcare quality in Japan, 2) data use for conducting observational studies to answer physician generated clinical questions, 3) data use for health services research, and 4) Use of the registry platform for industry-government-academia collaboration. We will also go over some of the data quality management and improvement activities at NCD, which they regard as one of the top priority issues in the operation of the institution. These include: defining and designing of the data elements, administrative support from the office staffs, data error checking using the web based registration system, and data audit and validation.</p>