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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e248828, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Serum toxic metals have been implicated in development of many diseases. This study investigated the association between blood levels of lead and cadmium with abnormal bone mineral density (BMD) and incidence of osteoporosis. Sixty Saudi male adults age matching were assigned into two groups: A healthy control group (n = 30) and osteoporosis patients diagnosed according to T-score (n = 30). Serum calcium, vitamin D, osteocalcin, lead, cadmium were measured. Osteoporotic group showed a highly significant elevation of blood lead and cadmium levels compared to the control group (p <0.001). BMD was negatively correlated with serum osteocalcin level compared with control. There was a significant negative correlation between the cadmium and lead levels (r=-0.465 and p-value = 0.01) and calcium (p < 0.004). Our findings suggested that high cadmium and lead were negative correlated to BMD and increased the risk factor for osteoporosis.


Resumo Os metais tóxicos do soro têm sido implicados no desenvolvimento de muitas doenças. Este estudo investigou a associação entre os níveis sanguíneos de chumbo e cádmio com densidade mineral óssea anormal (DMO) e incidência de osteoporose. Sessenta adultos sauditas do sexo masculino com idades iguais foram divididos em dois grupos: um grupo de controle saudável (n = 30) e pacientes com osteoporose diagnosticados de acordo com o T-score (n = 30). Cálcio sérico, vitamina D, osteocalcina, chumbo, cádmio foram medidos. O grupo osteoporótico apresentou elevação altamente significativa dos níveis de chumbo e cádmio no sangue em comparação ao grupo controle (p < 0,001). A DMO foi negativamente correlacionada com o nível de osteocalcina sérica em comparação com o controle. Houve correlação negativa significativa entre os níveis de cádmio e chumbo (r = -0,465 ep = 0,01) e cálcio (p < 0,004). Nossos achados sugeriram que cádmio e chumbo elevados foram correlacionados negativamente à DMO e aumentaram o fator de risco para osteoporose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Lead , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Absorptiometry, Photon , Osteocalcin , Incidence
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(5): 636-640, May 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376179

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: There are limited studies investigating the comparison of the efficacy of anti-osteoporotic drugs in different conditions resulting in osteoporosis in older adults. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of anti-osteoporotic agents in older adults with or without glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. METHODS: This retrospective study included 364 patients with osteoporosis, aged 65 years and older. Bone mineral density measurement was performed, and the percent change from baseline was calculated at month 24. RESULTS: Of the 364 patients, 80 were glucocorticoid users. Similar changes in the bone mineral density of the lumbar spine and femoral neck and fracture risk were found in patients with or without glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. There was no significant difference in bone mineral density changes between the groups in terms of anti-osteoporotic agents used. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that the response to anti-osteoporotic agents was similar in older adults with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis and those without glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. The results of our study may guide osteoporosis treatment in older individuals with glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis.

3.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(1): 9-15, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374447

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Chronic hepatic disease is associated with osteoporosis, osteopenia or osteomalacia. Osteoporosis and fractures due to bone fragility present high prevalences and are more frequent in patients with liver cirrhosis than in the general population. The search for a diagnosis of osteopenia and osteoporosis in this population may allow early intervention and modify unfavorable outcomes. Objective To know the prevalence of osteopenia or osteoporosis and of fracture due to bone fragility in individuals with liver cirrhosis, the associated risk factors, and its compromise in their quality of life (QoL). Methods Observational, transversal study performed with 71 liver cirrhosis patients of the Hepatology Service of the Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal, Brasília, DF, Brazil, between July 2017 and December 2018. The patients were submitted to bone densitometry (DXA) of the lumbar spine and of the femoral neck, to x-ray of the lumbosacral spine and to the Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ) for the evaluation of quality of life (QoL). The Fracture Risk Assessment (FRAX) major was calculated for patients >50 years old. The analyses were performed for the evaluation of the risk factors associated with lumbosacral spine fracture. Results The majority (62%) of the 71 evaluated patients was diagnosed with osteoporosis or osteopenia on DXA. Of the 44 patients with osteopenia or osteoporosis, 52.3% were female, with a mean age of 62.6±9.51 years old, with the majority (72.7%) being Child A, cirrhotics of alcoholic etiology (36.4%), and with an intermediate QoL according to the CLDQ (3.3). Regarding the patients with lumbosacral spine fracture, the mean age was 61.6±11.1 years old, 60% were female, most of them Child A (66.7%), of alcoholic etiology (46.7%), and with an intermediary QoL according to the CLDQ (3.5). The presence of osteopenia and/or osteoporosis was associated with lumbosacral fracture (P<0.001), without correlation with the other analyzed variables: age, body mass index, gender, presence and absence of ascites, Child-Pugh classification, vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus serum concentration, cirrhosis etiology and FRAX major. Conclusion The prevalence of hepatic osteodystrophy was high, and the occurrence of lumbosacral spine fracture was more associated with osteoporosis and/or osteopenia among the cirrhotic patients studied. The QoL was intermediate and with no differences between cirrhotics with and without fracture.


RESUMO Contexto A doença hepática crônica associa-se com osteoporose, osteopenia ou osteomalácia. A osteoporose e as fraturas por fragilidade óssea têm altas prevalências e são mais frequentes em pacientes com cirrose hepática do que na população geral. A busca por osteopenia e osteoporose nesta população pode permitir a intervenção precoce e modificar os desfechos desfavoráveis. Objetivo Conhecer a prevalência de osteopenia ou osteoporose e de fraturas por fragilidade óssea em portadores de cirrose hepática, fatores de risco associados e seu comprometimento na qualidade de vida. Métodos Estudo observacional e transversal realizado com 71 pacientes portadores de cirrose hepática do Serviço de Hepatologia do Hospital de Base do Distrito Federal, Brasília, DF, Brasil, no período de julho de 2017 a dezembro de 2018. Os pacientes foram submetidos à densitometria óssea de coluna lombar e colo de fêmur, raio-x de coluna lombo sacra e ao questionário Chronic Liver Disease Questionnaire (CLDQ, na sigla em inglês) para avaliação de qualidade de vida. Foi calculado o escore de Fracture Risk Assessment Tool "FRAX Maior" nos pacientes >50 anos. As análises foram realizadas para a avaliação dos fatores de risco associados à fratura de coluna lombo sacra. Resultados Dos 71 pacientes avaliados, a maioria (62%) foi diagnosticada com osteoporose ou osteopenia à densitometria. Dos 44 portadores de osteopenia ou osteoporose, 52,3% eram do sexo feminino, com idade média de 62,6±9,51 anos, sendo a maioria (72,7%) Child A, cirróticos de etiologia alcoólica (36,4%) e com qualidade de vida intermediária ao CLDQ (3,3). Dos pacientes com fratura de coluna lombo sacra, a média de idade foi de 61,6±11,1 anos, 60% eram do sexo feminino, a maioria Child A (66,7%), de etiologia alcoólica (46,7%), e apresentaram qualidade de vida intermediária ao CLDQ (3,5). A presença de osteopenia e/ou osteoporose esteve associada à fratura lombo sacra (P<0,001), sem correlação com as demais variáveis analisadas: idade, índice de massa corporal (IMC), gênero, presença e ausência de ascite, classificação de Child-Pugh, concentrações séricas de vitamina D, cálcio e fósforo, etiologia da cirrose e "FRAX maior". Conclusão A prevalência de osteodistrofia hepática foi elevada, e a ocorrência de fratura de coluna lombo sacra esteve mais associada à osteoporose e/ou osteopenia entre cirróticos estudados. A qualidade de vida se mostrou intermediária e sem diferença entre cirróticos com e sem fratura.

4.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 44(1): 32-39, Jan. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365675

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the improvement in screening accuracy of the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) for the risk of developing osteoporosis among young postmenopausal women by associating with it clinical muscle mass measures. Methods A sample of postmenopausal women was submitted to calcaneal quantitative ultrasound (QUS), application of the FRAX questionnaire, and screening for the risk of developing sarcopenia at a health fair held in the city of São Bernardo do Campo in 2019. The sample also underwent anthropometric measurements, muscle mass, walking speed and handgrip tests. A major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) risk ≥ 8.5% on the FRAX, a classification of medium risk on the clinical guideline of the National Osteoporosis Guideline Group (NOGG), and a QUS T-score ≤ -1.8 sd were considered risks of having low bone mass, and QUS T-score ≤ -2.5sd, risk of having fractures. Results In total, 198 women were evaluated, with a median age of 64±7.7 years, median body mass index (BMI) of 27.3±5.3 kg/m2 and median QUS T-score of -1.3±1.3 sd. The accuracy of the FRAX with a MOF risk ≥ 8.5% to identify women with T-scores ≤ -1.8 sd was poor, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.604 (95% confidence interval [95%CI]: 0.509-0.694) for women under 65 years of age, and of 0.642 (95%CI: 0.571-0.709) when age was not considered. Including data on muscle mass in the statistical analysis led to a significant improvement for the group of women under 65 years of age, with an AUC of 0,705 (95%CI: 0.612-0.786). The ability of the high-risk NOGG tool to identify T-scores ≤ -1.8 sd was limited. Conclusion Clinical muscle mass measurements increased the accuracy of the FRAX to screen for osteoporosis in women aged under 65 years.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a melhora da precisão da Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (Ferramenta de Avaliação do Risco de Fraturas, FRAX, em inglês) no rastreio do risco de desenvolver osteoporose em mulheres jovens pós-menopáusicas com a associação de medidas clínicas de massa muscular e preensão manual. Métodos Uma amostra de mulheres pós-menopáusicas foi submetida a ultrassom quantitativo (USQ) de calcâneo, à aplicação do questionário FRAX, e rastreadas quanto ao risco de desenvolver sarcopenia em uma feira de saúde realizada em 2019 em São Bernardo do Campo. Alémdisso, a amostra tambémfoi submetida a antropometria, e a testes de massa muscular, velocidade de marcha, e preensão manual. Um risco de grandes fraturas osteoporóticas (GFOs) ≥ 8,5% no FRAX, classificação de médio risco nas diretrizes clínicas do National Osteoporosis Guideline Group (NOGG), e T-score no USQ ≤ -1,8 dp foram considerados riscos de ter baixa massa óssea, e T-score no QUS ≤ -2,5 sd, risco de ter fraturas. Resultados Ao todo, 198 mulheres foram avaliadas, com idade média de 64±7,7 anos, índice de massa corporal (IMC) médio de 27,3±5,3 kg/m2, e T-score médio no USQ de -1,3±1,3 sd. A precisão do FRAX comumrisco de GFO≥ 8,5% para identificar mulheres com T-score ≤ -1,8 dp foi precária, com uma área sob a curva (ASC) de 0,604 (intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%]: 0,509-0,694), para mulheres menores de 65 anos de idade, e de 0,642 (IC95%: 0,571-0,709) quando a idade não foi considerada. A inclusão de dados da massa muscular na análise estatística levou a uma melhora significativa no grupo menor de 65 anos de idade, com uma ASC de 0,705 (IC95%: 0,612-0,786). A habilidade da ferramenta NOGG de alto risco para identificar T-scores ≤ -1,8 dp foi limitada. Conclusão As medidas clínicas da massa muscular aumentaram a precisão do FRAX no rastreio de osteoporose em mulheres menores de 65 anos de idade.

5.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368967

ABSTRACT

RESUMO:Introdução: Hipofosfatasia é um distúrbio metabólico que afeta a mineralização óssea e dentária, causada por mutações no gene ALPL, levando à deficiência enzimática da fosfatase alcalina tecido não-específica. A forma adulta caracteriza-se por fraturas atípicas do fêmur, osteomalácia, osteoporose, grave osteoartropatia, condrocalcinose e artralgia. Objetivo: Demonstrar desafios diagnósticos relacionados à hipofosfatasia através do relato de dois casos. Paciente 1: feminino, 59 anos, encaminhada para avaliação clínica devido às fraturas patológicas de difícil consolidação e osteoporose generalizada de causa genética. Relata perda dentária precoce da arcada superior, fraturas na coluna, em ombro esquerdo e no fêmur. Atualmente, queixa-se de dor crônica intensa, com uso de múltiplos medicamentos. Achados clínicos, laboratoriais e radiológicos foram compatíveis com o diagnóstico de hipofosfatasia. Paciente 2: masculino, 31 anos, filho da paciente 1, encaminhado para avaliação clínica por fratura patológica precoce em fêmur esquerdo e osteoporose não esclarecida. Atualmente relata dor e claudicação importante em membro inferior esquerdo, associado à lombalgia crônica. Confirmação do diagnóstico de hipofosfatasia por exames laboratoriais e radiológicos e sequenciamento do gene ALPL, aliados ao diagnóstico da sua genitora. Discussão: Hipofosfatasia é uma doença rara de herança autossômica dominante e recessiva. Pacientes acometidos apresentam fraturas constantes, densidade mineral óssea baixa, cicatrização óssea deficitária. É comum a hipofosfatasia ser diagnosticada erroneamente como osteopenia e/ou osteoporose primária, acarretando prejuízos ao paciente. Ressalta-se a importância da história clínica completa e dos antecedentes familiares a fim de se obter um diagnóstico precoce, garantindo, por sua vez, o adequado acompanhamento e manejo terapêutico. (AU)


ABSTRACT: Introduction: hypophosphatasia is a metabolic disorder affecting bone and tooth mineralization, caused by mutations in the ALPL gene leading to enzymatic deficiency of tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase. The adult form is characterized by atypical femur fractures, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, severe osteoarthropathy, chondrocalcinosis, and arthralgia. Objective: to demonstrate diagnostic challenges related to hypophosphatasia through the report of two cases. Patient 1: female, 59 years old, referred for clinical evaluation due to pathological fractures of difficult consolidation and generalized osteoporosis of genetic cause. She reports early tooth loss in the upper arch, fractures in the spine, left shoulder and femur. Currently, he complains of severe chronic pain, with use of multiple medications. Clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings were compatible with the diagnosis of hypophosphatasia. Patient 2:male, 31 years old, son of patient 1, referred for clinical evaluation due to an early pathological fracture in the left femur and unclear osteoporosis. He currently reports pain and significant claudication in the left lower limb, associated with chronic low back pain. Confirmation of the diagnosis of hypophasatasia by laboratory and radiological tests and sequencing of the ALPL gene combined with the diagnosis of his mother. Discussion: hypophosphatasia is a rare disease of autosomal dominant and recessive inheritance. Affected patients have constant fractures, low bone mineral density, and impaired bone healing. It is common for hypophosphatasia to be misdiagnosed as osteopenia and/or primary osteoporosis, which can be harmful to the patient. The importance of a complete clinical history and family history is emphasized in order to obtain an early diagnosis, ensuring adequate follow-up and therapeutic management. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis , Alkaline Phosphatase , Fractures, Spontaneous , Hypophosphatasia/diagnosis
6.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(2): e238821, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374137

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Show the relationship between atypical femoral fractures and prolonged use of bisphosphonates and analyze the limit of its beneficial use. Methods: Retrospective cohort study (level of evidence 2B). From Atypical fracture cases, patients who used bisphosphonates were selected and the time period of their use was analyzed. Additionally, the variables sex, age, and the side most affected were studied. Results: Nine atypical femur fractures were found, all associated with the use of bisphosphonates. The average period of use of this medication was nine years (minimum of three years; maximum of 14 years). The patients' mean age was of 78 years (69-88 years) and all were women, with the right member being the most affected. Conclusion: The use of bisphosphonates to prevent osteoporotic fractures has been increasingly frequent and, when used for a prolonged period, it has been related to atypical fractures. Further scientific studies on doses, maximum periods of treatment, and risk-benefit in the indication of these medications are needed to assist in therapeutic management for each case. Level of Evidence II, Retrospective Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Demonstrar relação entre as fraturas atípicas de fêmur e o uso prolongado de bifosfonatos, descrever sua incidência e analisar até qual momento o seu uso é benéfico. Métodos: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo (nível de evidência 2B). Análise de 151 prontuários de pacientes com diagnóstico de fratura de fêmur em um hospital terciário, no período de janeiro de 2013 a dezembro de 2018. Foram selecionados os casos de fraturas atípicas e, dentre esses, os que faziam uso de bifosfonatos e o tempo de utilização. Ademais, foram estudadas as variáveis sexo, idade e lado mais acometido. Resultados: Constatadas 9 fraturas atípicas de fêmur, todas associadas ao uso de bifosfonatos. O período médio de uso dessa medicação foi de 9 anos (mínimo - 3 anos; máximo - 14 anos). A idade média dos pacientes foi de 78 anos (69-88 anos) e ocorrência unicamente em mulheres, tendo como membro mais acometido o direito. Conclusão: O uso dos bifosfonatos na prevenção de fraturas osteoporóticas tem sido cada vez mais frequente e relacionado às fraturas atípicas, quando empregado por tempo prolongado. A coleta de mais informações científicas que estudem doses, períodos máximos de tratamento e risco-benefício na indicação dessas medicações é essencial para auxiliar no manejo terapêutico apropriado para cada caso. Nível de Evidência II, Estudo Retrospectivo .

7.
Acta ortop. bras ; 30(3): e251954, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374146

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the involvement of orthopedists and orthopedic residents with fragility fractures, in its clinical, therapeutic, and social aspects. Methods: Cross-sectional observational and prospective study that took place in the period from June to August 2020. Results: 540 participants were analyzed. The population consisted of orthopedists (85.56%; N = 462) and residents (14.44%; N = 78), with a greater proportion of individuals from 41 to 50 years of age (36.67%; N = 198) and from the Southeast region (57.22%; N = 309). For 47.04% (N = 254) of the participants, the profile of the patient at risk for fragility fracture corresponds to: woman, sedentary, smoker and over 60 years of age. The consensus among the participants (97.96%; N = 529) is that fragility fractures occur in or near home environments. Moreover, 47.59% (N = 257) believe that the first fragility fracture is the most important predictive risk factor for subsequent occurrences and 63.89% (N = 345) of the participants claim to attend more than 15 cases per year. Regarding treatment, 74.44% (N = 402) are dedicated exclusively to orthopedic aspects (68.33%; N = 369). However, 62.41% (N = 337) of the participants believe that patients with fragility fractures should receive medication and supplements. Likewise, 70.74% (N = 382) of the participants consider that home security measures and training of family members are important, and they attribute the role to the multidisciplinary team. Conclusions: Fragility fractures are frequent in the routine of Brazilian orthopedists. However, they are not familiar with adjuvant treatments for fragility fractures, acting almost exclusively in the orthopedics aspects of these injuries. Level of Evidence II, Prospective Study.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o entendimento entre ortopedistas e residentes em ortopedia sobre as fraturas por fragilidade, em seus aspectos clínicos, terapêuticos e sociais. Métodos: Estudo transversal, observacional e prospectivo que ocorreu no período de junho de agosto de 2020. Resultados: Foram analisados 540 participantes. A população foi composta por ortopedistas (85,56%; N = 462) e residentes (14,44%; N = 78), com prevalência de idade entre 41 e 50 anos (36,67%; N=198) e oriundos da região Sudeste (57,22%; N = 309). Para 47,04% (N = 254) dos participantes o perfil do paciente em risco para fratura por fragilidade corresponde a: mulher, sedentária, tabagista e acima dos 60 anos de idade. Sendo consenso entre os participantes (97,96%; N = 529) que as fraturas por fragilidade ocorrem em ambientes domiciliares ou próximo a eles. Além disso, 47,59% (N = 257) dos participantes acreditam que a primeira fratura por fragilidade seja o fator de risco preditivo mais importante para novo episódio de fratura e 63,89% (N = 345) dos avaliadores atendem mais de 15 casos por ano. Em relação ao tratamento, 74,44% (N = 402) dedicam-se exclusivamente aos aspectos ortopédicos (68,33%; N = 369). No entanto, 62,41% (N = 337) dos participantes acreditam que paciente devam receber medicamentos e suplementos. Da mesma forma, 70,74% (N = 382) dos avaliadores consideram que medidas de segurança domiciliar e treinamento de familiares sejam importantes e atribuídas a equipe multiprofissional. Conclusão: As fraturas por fragilidade são frequentes na rotina dos ortopedistas brasileiros. No entanto, estes não estão familiarizados com tratamentos adjuvantes nas fraturas consideradas por fragilidade, atuando quase que exclusivamente nos aspectos ortopédicos envolvidos nestas lesões. Nível de Evidência II, Estudo Prospectivo.

8.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19193, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374567

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study proposes and evaluates the test-retest reliability of indicators of the correct use of sodium alendronate in elderly patients. This is a test-retest reliability study for use of sodium alendronate. Six questions to evaluate the correct use of this medicine were elaborated after analysis of information in the literature. Data collection was performed through questionnaires in face-to-face in-home interviews by previously trained interviewers. The participants were initially interviewed (test) when they agreed to participate in the study, and secondly (retest), after a period of 7 to 14 days from the first interview. The reliability of the questions was evaluated by means of the agreement percentage and the Kappa coefficient. Fifty-seven pairs (test-retest) were obtained. The mean age was 69.3 (SD = 6.9) years, the majority (92.5%) completed elementary education, and declared themselves white (50.9%). All the questions presented high concordance ranging from 79.0% to 98.3%. The Kappa values ranged from 0.1 (low) to 0.83 (very good). The agreement percentage and the Kappa values suggest adequate reliability of the proposed questions. We suggest that they can be used as a simple and quick way to evaluate the quality of sodium alendronate use among the elderly.

9.
Clinics ; 77: 100019, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375188

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives Osteoblasts are derived from Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (BM-MSCs), which play an indispensable role in bone formation. In this study, the authors aim to investigate the role of IRF4 in the osteogenic differentiation of BM-MSCs and its potential molecular mechanism. Methods The authors used lentivirus infection to overexpress IRF4 in BM-MSCs. The expression of IRF4 and osteogenesis-related genes were detected by qRT-PCR and western blot analysis. The osteogenic differentiation of BM-MSCs was evaluated by Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) activity, Alizarin red staining, and Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) staining. Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP), Dual-Luciferase reporter assay and RNA Immunoprecipitation Assay were applied to confirm the regulatory mechanism between IRF4, miR-636 and DOCK9. Results The authors found IRF4 was down-regulated during the osteogenic differentiation of BM-MSCs, and IRF4 overexpression could decrease the osteogenic differentiation of BM-MSCs by specifically promoting the reduction of Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) activity and down-regulating osteogenic indicators, including OCN, OPN, Runx2 and CollA1. Mechanistically, IRF4 activated microRNA-636 (miR-636) expression via binding to its promoter region, and Dedicator of Cytokinesis 9 (DOCK9) was identified as the target of miR-636 in BM-MSCs. Moreover, the damage in the capacity of osteogenic differentiation of BM-MSCs induced by IRF4 overexpression could be rescued by miR-636 inhibition. Conclusions In summary, this paper proposed that IRF4/miR-636/DOCK9 may be considered as targets for the treatment of osteoporosis (OP).

10.
Clinics ; 77: 100015, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375199

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: Fragility fractures increase morbidity and mortality. Adding assessment of clinical risk factors independently or as a previous step to Bone Densitometry (BD) should provide better accuracy in fracture risk prediction. FRAX tool might be used to stratify patients in order to rationalize the need for BD and risk classification. The primary objective of this study is to describe and perform comparisons between the estimated risk of fractures in 10 years using the FRAX calculator based on clinical factors with and without BD results for women aged 40 or more with clinical diseases monitored in tertiary care service in internal medicine. Methods: Cross-sectional. Women over 40 years with BD in the previous year. After medical chart review, identification of risk factors and risk estimations using FRAX-BRAZIL with (FRAX BDI) and without (FRAX BDNI) the inclusion of T-score. Results: 239 women. Age 65 ± 10.35 years. BMI 29.68 ± 6.27kg/m2. Risk factors: 32(13.4%) previous fractures; 23 (9.6%) current smoking; 78 (32.6%) corticosteroids use; 44 (18.4%) rheumatoid arthritis; 38 (15.9%) secondary causes; FRAX scores were higher when BD was not included. Spearman correlation coefficients between FRAX BDNI and FRAX BDI for major fractures r = 0.793 (95% CI 0.7388‒0.836). For hip fractures r = 0.6922 (95% CI 0.6174‒0.75446) Conclusion: Using FRAX to estimate 10-year fracture risk without BD data might be a reliable tool for screening, even for patients with a high prevalence of risk factors, improving accessibility and equity in health systems. The present study's data suggest an overestimation of fracture risk with FRAX BDNI, suggesting that it is safe to be widely used as a screening tool.

11.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1378405

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the bone density of the mandible in adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) treated with antiepileptic drugs using one beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: The study was carried out with 18 adolescents aged 12­18 years, undergoing routine dental treatment at the dental clinic of APCD-São Caetano do Sul. CBCT scans were of divided into two groups: G1 adolescents with CP using antiepileptic drugs and G2 normoactive adolescents. A single dentomaxillofacial radiologist assessed and evaluated the images using Dental Slice software and Image J. Fisher's exact tests as well as paired and unpaired Student's t-tests were performed. Results: Groups differed significantly with regard in the values of density (p < 0.001), with G1 presenting lower values compare to G2. G1 showed significantly lower density means on the right side, left side, and right/left sides of the mandible edge than G2 (p < 0.001). Conclusion: CP patients using antiepileptic drugs show evidence of bone mineral density loss of the mandible.(AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a densidade ótica óssea da mandíbula em adolescentes com paralisia cerebral (PC) tratados com drogas antiepilépticas por meio de tomográfica computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC). Métodos: O estudo foi realizado com 18 adolescentes de 12 a 18 anos, em tratamento odontológico de rotina na clínica odontológica da APCD-São Caetano do Sul. As TCFC foram divididas em dois grupos: G1 adolescentes com PC em uso de antiepilépticos e G2 adolescentes normoativos. Um único radiologista dentomaxilofacial assessou e avaliou as imagens usando usando os softwares Dental Slice e Image J. Os testes exatos de Fisher, bem como os testes t de Student pareados e não pareados foram realizados. Resultados: Os grupos diferiram significativamente quanto aos valores de densidade óptica (p <0,001), com o grupo G1 apresentando valores menores em relação ao G2. O grupo G1 apresentou médias de densidade óptica significativamente menores nos lados direito, esquerdo e direito / esquerdo da borda da mandíbula do que o G2 (p <0,001). Conclusão: Pacientes com PC em uso de drogas antiepilépticas apresentam evidências de perda de densidade óssea da mandíbula (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Osteoporosis , Bone Density , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Anticonvulsants
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920381

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of osteoporosis and its influence factors in residents of Chongqing, and to provide the reference for osteoporosis prevention and treatment. Methods The data were from “An epidemiological survey of osteoporosis in Chongqing in 2018”, and the multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used to select 1885 subjects (≥20 years old) from 32 villages/neighborhood committee in 4 areas (countries) of Chongqing. The investigation was performed by questionnaire (sociodemographic factors, lifestyle factors, history of orthopedics) and the bone mineral density was measured by QDR 4 500A dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. The chi-square test and multi factor multi-variant logistic regression analysis were utilized to analyze the data, the used software was SPSS 25.0. Results The morbidities of osteoporosis and osteopenia in residents (>20 years old) of Chongqing in China were 12.99% and 48.70%, respectively. The osteoporosis morbidity (19.08%) in females was significantly higher than that (4.42%) in males, and increased with age. The multi-variant logistic regression indicated that women (OR=6.10, 95% CI:4.08-9.14), the past medical history of fracture (OR=1.79, 95%CI:1.18-2.73) and age (OR=16.80, 95% CI:9.19-30.77) were risk factors for osteoporosis; milk intake (OR=0.65, 95%CI:0.47-0.89), overweight (OR=0.51, 95%CI:0.36-0.93)and obesity (OR=0.30, 95%CI:0.19-0.47), as compared with ≤primary school group, junior high school group (OR=0.57, 95%CI:0.39-0.82);≥high school group (0.40, 95%CI:0.26-0.61) were considered to be protective factors for osteoporosis. Conclusion The prevalence of osteoporosis among residents with age above 50 years old of Chongqing was very high. Health education and behavior intervention should be focused on the elderly or female residents to promote the formulation of healthy lifestyle.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation with or without the intermediate screw in the treatment of Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.@*METHODS@#Patients with Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fracture underwent percutaneous pedicle screw short segment internal fixation from January 2017 to July 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, 93 cases met the diagnosis and inclusion criteria, 9 cases were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and the remaining 84 cases obtained complete imaging follow-up data. There were 38 males and 46 females, the age ranged from 56 to 73 years old with an average of (64.78±7.12) years old, bone mineral density (BMD) ranged from 0.61 to 0.89 g/cm3 with an average of (0.73±0.14) g/cm3, the follow-up time was 11 to 25 months with an average of (17.58±6.12) months. There were 45 cases in group A with intermediate screw and 39 cases in group B without intermediate screw. The operation time and intraoperative blood loss were recorded, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were used for clinical evaluation. The Cobb angle, vertebral wedge angle (VWA) and anterior vertebral body height (AVBH) were measured by X-ray after the operation. The corrected loss of the above parameters was calculated.@*RESULTS@#There were 5 cases of screw loosening in 84 patients (2 cases in group A and 3 cases in group B, P>0.05). There were significant differences in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between two groups(P<0.01). Clinical effects of two groups were good, postoperative VAS and ODI after operation obviously improved, there was no significant difference between two groups during all follow-up periods (3 days, 1 month after operation and the final follow-up) (P>0.05). Three days after the operation, the image evaluations (Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH) were significantly improved (P<0.05), but significant reduction loss was observed in both groups at 1 month after the operation and at the final follow-up (P<0.05). At the final follow-up, the loss of Cobb angle, VWA and AVBH in group A were (5.26±4.18) °, (4.63±3.80) ° and (9.54±8.71)%, respectively;group B was (6.01±4.34) °, (6.55±6.21) ° and (11.67± 9.95)%, respectively;however, there was no significant difference in reduction loss between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Although the curative effect of the patients is satisfactory, the stability of the patients can not be improved by increasing the middle injured vertebra screw placement, the two groups of percutaneous short segment internal fixation can not resist the reduction loss of Magerl-A3 thoracolumbar fracture with low bone mineral density. Because the injured vertebra screw increases the operation time and intraoperative blood loss, it is not significant to use the intermediate screw for the elderly Magerl A3 thoracolumbar fractures with low bone mineral density.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy between vesselplasty and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of Kümmell disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with Kümmell disease from July 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different therapeutic methods, the patients were divided into vesselplasty group and PKP group. There were 20 patients in vesselplasty group, including 2 males and 18 females, aged from 54 to 83 years with an average of (67.40±7.44)years, 1 case of T10 fracture, 3 cases of T12 fracture, 9 cases of L1 fractures, 5 cases of L2 fractures and 2 cases of L3 fractures. There were 20 patients in PKP group, including 3 males and 17 females, aged from 56 to 81 with an average of(67.20±7.01) years, 2 cases of T10 fracture, 1 case of T11 fracture, 6 cases of T12 fracture, 10 cases of L1 fracture and 1 case of L3 fracture. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Cobb angle, anterior vertebral height were recorded before operation, 1 day after operation and 1 year after operation. Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) was recorded before operation, 1 month after operation and 1 year after operation. And bone cement leakage rate was compared between two groups after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the patient were followed up for more than 1 year. In vesselplasty group, VAS score was 1.20±0.41, ODI was(13.50±3.10)%, Cobb angle was(17.20±3.12)° and anterior vertebral height was(20.20±1.35) mm at 1 year after operation. In PKP group, VAS score was 1.15±0.40, ODI was (13.20±3.00)%, Cobb angle was (17.10±3.19)° and anterior vertebral height was (20.10±1.37) mm at 1 year after operation. These index was significantly better than pre-operation through intra-group comparison(P<0.05), and there was no statistically difference between the two groups(P>0.05). There were 20 cases (20 vertebrae) in vesselplasty group, of which 1 case had bone cement leakage at the upper endplate, with a leakage rate of 5%(1/20). In PKP group, there were 20 cases (20 vertebrae), 3 cases of upward endplate leakage(3/7), 1 case of downward endplate leakage(1/7), 1 case of leakage to the front of the vertebral body(1/7), 2 cases of leakage to the side of the vertebral body(2/7), with a leakage rate of 35% (7/20). The difference between two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Vesselplasty in the treatment of Kümmell disease can better reduce leakage rate of bone cement and reduce complications.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/methods , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spondylosis , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of different bone cement morphology distribution on the clinical efficacy of unilateral percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP) for spinal osteoporotic fractures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 66 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures received unilateral PVP treatment from January 2019 to April 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 16 males and 50 females, including 83 vertebral bodies, 45 thoracic vertebrae and 38 lumbar vertebrae, and 55 patients with single-segment, 6 double-segment, 4 three-segment and 1 four-segment. The age ranged from 60 to 93 years with an average of (76.83±8.65) years. The included patients were admitted to hospital 1 to 10 days after onset, and were diagnosed by anteroposterior and lateral X-rays, MRI and bone density examination before surgery. According to the shape of bone cement in postoperative X-ray, the patients were divided into O-shaped group (28 cases) and H-shaped group (38 cases). In O-shaped group, the bone cement presented agglomeration mass distribution in the affected vertebra in postoperative X-ray while the bone cement presented disseminated honeycomb distribution in the affected vertebrae in H-shaped group. Bone cement injection volume was collected in two groups. The intraoperative bone cement leakage and postoperative adjacent vertebral fractures were observed. The VAS of the two groups before operation and 1 day, 1 month, 6 months and 1 year after operation were compared;and ODI of the two groups 1 day, 6 months and 1 year after operation were compared. The kyphosis angle and anterior height of the affected vertebrae were measured before operation and 1 week, 1 year after operation.@*RESULTS@#All 66 patients completed 1-year follow-up, and all patients healed well at the puncture site after surgery. There were 1 case and 8 cases of bone cement leakage in O-shaped group and H-shaped group during surgery respectively (P<0.05), but no serious complications occurred. One case occurred adjacent vertebral fracture in both groups during one-year follow-up (P>0.05). There was no statistical significance in injection amount of bone cement between the two groups (P>0.05). The VAS scores of O-shaped group and H-shaped group were 7.89±0.79, 2.75±1.08, 0.46±0.58, 0.36±0.49 and 8.00±1.04, 2.58±1.15, 0.53±0.56, 0.42±0.50 before operation, 1 day, 6 months, 1 year after operation respectively, and there was no statistical significance(P>0.05), and the VAS scores were 0.96±0.58 and 1.18±0.83 at 1 month after operation respectively, with statistical significance(P<0.05). The ODI scores of O-shaped group and H-shaped group were 12.43±3.78, 10.00±2.46, 8.43±1.50 and 12.11±3.68, 9.53±2.35, 8.32±1.51 at 1 day, 6 months and 1 year after surgery respectively, and there was no statistical significance between the two groups(P>0.05). There were no statistical significance in kyphotic angles and anterior height before surgery and 1 week, 1 year after surgery between two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#No matter the distribution of bone cement is O-shape or H-shape, it can achieve good clinical effect, and the prognosis effect is equivalent. Therefore, when performing unilateral puncture PVP surgery, it is not necessary to deliberately increase the puncture angle of the puncture needle in order to achieve the full diffusion of the affected vertebrae, so as to reduce the risk of damaging important structures and bone cement leakage.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphosis , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spinal Puncture , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with spinal origin abdominal pain as the main symptom.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 37 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures treated from January 2015 to January 2021, all of whom had spin-derived abdominal pain as the main symptom, and were divided into surgery group(21 cases) and conservative group (16 cases) according to different treatment methods. Patients in the surgery group were treated with percutaneous vertebroplasty, including 7 males and 14 females, with an average age of (75.95±6.84) years old and an average course of disease of (5.26±3.79) days. The conservative group received non-surgical treatment, including 5 males and 11 females, with an average age of (75.50±8.07) years old and an average course of disease of (4.28±3.42) days. Two groups of patients with preoperative mainly characterized by abdominal pain, abdominal distension and constipation, have no obvious chest waist back pain symptoms, the thoracolumbar MRI diagnosed as fresh osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures, record its postoperative abdominal pain visual analogue scale (VAS), medical outcomes study short form-36 (SF-36) score, defecation interval after treatment, etc.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-seven patients were followed up for (14.90±14.11) months in surgery group and( 21.42±17.53) months in conservative group. Compared with before treatment, the VAS of surgery group at each time period after treatment, VAS of conservative group at 1 month after treatment and SF-36 score between two groups at 3 months after treatment were all improved(P<0.05), while VAS of conservative group at 3 days after treatment showed no statistically significant difference(P>0.05). Compared between two groups, there were no significant differences in VAS and SF-36 scores at 1 day before treatment(P>0.05), but VAS at 3 days after treatment in surgery group, life vitality and social function score at 3 months after treatment, and defecation time after treatment in surgery group were better than those in conservative group(P<0.05). There were no significant differences in other indexes(P>0.05). The incision healing of patients in surgery group was good, and no serious complications occurred in both groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Percutaneous vertebroplasty is an effective method for the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures with spinal origin abdominal pain as the main symptom. Compared with conservative treatment, percutaneous vertebroplasty has more advantages in early relief of abdominal pain and constipation, recovery of vitality and social function.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Constipation , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty/methods
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928267

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of proteasome inhibitor MG132 in improving osteoporosis.@*METHODS@#Total of 32 female SD rats, weighing 220 to 250 g and 8 weeks old, were selected. They were randomly divided into 4 groups(n=8). Rats of group A and group B were cut off ovaris on both sides to make model of osteoporosis, and then they were given proteasome inhibitors MG132 and dimethyl sufoxide (DMSO) respectively. Group C was a sham group and rats were given MG132. Group D was a normal group and rats were given MG132 too. The rats were killed in batches at 6 and 12 weeks after administration, and the femoral neck tissues were obtained. Relevant data were analyzed, such as pathomorphological observation, micro-CT analysis, detection of 20S proteasome activity in tissues, and expression of Wnt and β-catenin.@*RESULTS@#Morphological observation showed that the trabecular were slightly thinner, reticulated, and occasionally interrupted in group A, while the trabecular were obviously thinner and discontinuous in group B. And the trabecular were intact and arranged reticulated in group C and D. The analysis results of bone mineral density(BMD), bone surface(BS), bone volume/total volume(BV/TV) and trabecular thickness(Tb.Th) showed that group B was worse than other groups in all parameters at different time points(P<0.05), and group A was worse than group C and group D in BS(P<0.05), there was no significant difference in all parameters between group C and group D. RFU value of 20S proteasome in group B was significantly higher than that in other groups(P<0.05). According to the results of Western blot, the gray values of Wnt protein and β-catenin protein in group A were significantly higher than those in other groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MG-132, a ubiquitin proteasome inhibitor, can regulate Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by inhibiting the degradation of β-catenin protein, and delaying the occurrence and development of osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Female , Leupeptins , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Proteasome Inhibitors/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927349

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture on motor function and muscle state in patients with primary osteoporosis (POP).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 female patients with POP were randomized into an observation group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off). On the basis of adjusting lifestyle, caltrate was given orally in the control group, 2 pills a day for 4 weeks. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, electroacupuncture was applied at Zusanli (ST 36), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Ganshu (BL 18), Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23), etc. in the observation group, with disperse-dense wave of 2 Hz/10 Hz in frequency, once every other day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The time of timed up-and-go test (TUGT) and the value of 10 m maximal walking speed (10 m MWS) before and after treatment were compared in the two groups, and the Young's modulus values of bilateral multifidus muscles in prone position and sitting position before and after treatment were compared by real-time shear wave elastography (SWE) in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the TUGT time was decreased compared before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01), and that in the observation group was shorter than the control group (P<0.01). After treatment, the value of 10 m MWS test was increased compared before treatment in the observation group (P<0.05). After treatment, the Young's modulus values of bilateral multifidus muscles in prone position and sitting position were increased compared before treatment in the observation group (P<0.01); except for the left side in sitting position, the Young's modulus values of multifidus muscles in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of oral caltrate, electroacupuncture can improve the motor function and muscle state in patients with POP.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Life Style , Osteoporosis/therapy , Paraspinal Muscles
19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1041-1047, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924773

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of the CT values of thoracolumbar vertebrae measured by abdominal CT in the diagnosis of osteopenia/osteoporosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B, as well as the risk factors for osteopenia/osteoporosis in such patients. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for 112 patients with chronic hepatitis B in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University from January 2019 to December 2020. All patients underwent abdominal CT, and some patients underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The CT values of T12 vertebral body to L3 vertebral body were measured, and the value of CT value of each vertebral body in the diagnosis of osteopenia/osteoporosis was analyzed in comparison with T-score of L1-L4 vertebral bodies measured by DXA. With the CT values of vertebral bodies as the diagnostic criteria, the patients with chronic hepatitis B enrolled were divided into osteopenia/osteoporosis group with 55 patients and normal bone mass group with 57 patients. Clinical features and biochemical parameters were compared between the two groups to analyze the risk factors for osteopenia/osteoporosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between groups; the chi-square test, the Fisher's exact test, and the Bonferroni correction test were used for comparison of categorical data between groups. A Pearson correlation analysis was performed to investigate correlation, and a binary logistic regression analysis was used for multivariate analysis. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to investigate the value of CT values of T12-L3 vertebral bodies in the diagnosis of osteopenia/osteoporosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B. The Kappa test was used check consistency. Results A total of 46 patients who completed abdominal CT and DXA during the same time of hospitalization were analyzed, and their CT values of T12-L3 vertebral bodies were significantly positively correlated with the T-score values of L1-L4 vertebral bodies in DXA ( r T12 =0.694, r L1 =0.661, r L2 =0.781, r L3 =0.685, all P < 0.001). The ROC curve analysis showed that the CT value of L2 vertebral body had the largest area under the ROC curve of 0.863 and showed a good accuracy in the diagnosis of osteopenia/osteoporosis, which was consistent with the results of DXA ( K =0.648, P < 0.001). The clinical features and biochemical parameters of 112 patients with chronic hepatitis B were analyzed, and it was suggested that old age (odds ratio [ OR ]=1.108, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 1.026-1.196, P =0.009) and sarcopenia ( OR =2.788, 95% CI : 1.009-7.707, P =0.048) were the risk factors for osteopenia/osteoporosis. Conclusion The patients with chronic hepatitis B often need regular abdominal CT to evaluate the progression of liver disease, and it is of high clinical significance to identify the presence or absence of osteopenia/osteoporosis and sarcopenia by measuring the CT value of L2 vertebral body and skeletal muscle area of L3 vertebrae plane, thereby giving timely intervention and improving patients' prognosis and quality of life.

20.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 419-423, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923727

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) and analyze its influencing factors among women at ages of 50 to 59 years in Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, so as to provide insights into the prevention of PMOP among menopausal women.@*Methods@#Bai Ethnic menopausal women at ages of 50 to 59 years who received healthy examination at the Center of Healthy Examination, Dali Prefecture People's Hospital from June 2017 to May 2021 were selected as the study subjects, and subjects' demographic characteristics, living habits, history of diseases, family history of osteoporosis and history of parturition were collected using self-designed questionnaires. The height, body weight and bone density were measured, and fasting blood glucose, vitamin D3, blood lipids and liver functions were detected. The factors affecting the development of PMOP were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model.@*Results@#Totally 2 000 questionnaires were allocated, and 1 584 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 79.20%. The respondents had a mean age of ( 56.22±2.61 ) years, and mean body mass index ( BMI ) of ( 24.62±2.35 ) kg/m2. There were 497 respondents ( 31.38% ) with a family history of osteoporosis, and the prevalence of PMOP was 20.64%. Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified age ( OR=1.135, 95%CI: 1.074-1.196 ), age of menarche ( OR=1.138, 95%CI: 1.059-1.217 ), duration of menopause (OR=1.425, 95%CI: 1.228-1.622), number of parturition ( >2, OR=5.036, 95%CI: 2.972-7.101 ), smoking ( OR=2.594, 95%CI: 1.767- 3.421 ), alcohol consumption ( OR=2.051, 95%CI: 1.503-2.598 ), family history of osteoporosis ( OR=2.540, 95%CI: 1.769-3.311 ), hypertension ( OR=1.492, 95%CI: 1.406-1.578 ), diabetes ( OR=1.774, 95%CI: 1.581-1.967 ), total cholesterol ( OR=1.483, 95%CI: 1.251-1.716 ), triacylglycerol ( OR=1.801, 95%CI: 1.576-2.026 ), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( OR=1.614, 95%CI: 1.498-1.731 ), fasting blood glucose ( OR=1.192, 95%CI: 1.077-1.307 ), BMI ( OR=0.934, 95%CI: 0.862-0.993 ), outdoor activity ( ≥1 time/week, OR: 0.413-0.549, 95%CI: 0.329-0.637 ), age of menopause ( OR=0.909, 95%CI: 0.841-0.977 ), daily intake of calcium ( ≥600 mg, OR: 0.493-0.644, 95%CI: 0.389-0.786 ), vitamin D3 level ( ≥20 ng/mL, OR: 0.604-0.719, 95%CI: 0.523-0.853 ) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( OR=0.658, 95%CI: 0.550-0.767 ) as factors affecting the development of PMOP.@*Conclusions @#The prevalence of PMOP in Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture is similar to the nationwide level in China, and old age, smoking, alcohol consumption, a family history of osteoporosis and high blood lipid levels may increase the risk of PMOP.

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