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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881373

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aims to compare the incidence of dentinal microcracks produced by ProTaper Universal (PTU) and ProTaper Gold (PTG) file systems during root canal procedures in different curved canals using a dyeing technique.@*Methods@#Sixty extracted human molars were divided into 3 groups of 20 samples each in terms of root curvature (mild bending group, 10 °-19 °; moderate bending group, 20 °-29 °; severe bending group, 30 °-39 °). Ten samples of each group were then randomly allocated to the PTU and PTG file systems. After preparation, all roots were stained using a dyeing method and sectioned at the most curved plane and 2 mm below and above the most curved plane with a low-speed saw under cold water. A stereomicroscope was used to inspect dentinal microcracks at 60 × magnification, and differences between these three instrument groups were analyzed using the chi-square test.@* Results @# The PTG file system induced significantly fewer dentinal microcracks for total, incomplete and complete cracks (P < 0.05), and the effect was more obvious with increasing canal curvature.@*Conclusion @# With the limitations of this in vitro study, it can be concluded that ProTaper Gold can result in fewer dentinal microcracks than ProTaper Universal.

2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-6, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1337597

ABSTRACT

Objective: Aim of the present study is to evaluate mechanical properties of a newly developed rotary file, AF Rotary (Fanta Dental, Shanghai, China), and to compare these features with a worldwide spread rotary file, Protaper Gold F2 (PTG F2; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland). Material and Methods: 60 AF Rotary 25.06 and 60 PTG F2 were divided in three groups of 20 files each. A group underwent to cyclic fatigue resistance tests, second group underwent to torsional resistance tests, third group underwent to bending tests. The statistical analysis was performed using t student test with significance level set at 95% (p < 0.05). Results: AF Rotary showed significantly higher torsional resistance and cyclic fatigue resistance (p < 0.05) when compared to the PTG F2. AF Rotary also showed significantly lower bending resistance (p < 0.05) when compared to the PTG F2. Conclusion: Therefore, within the limitations of this study, the results show better performances for AF Rotary compared to PTG F2 regarding the cyclic fatigue test, the torsional test and the bending test. Since the PTG F2 is a commonly used and widely investigated instrument it could be possible to state that the AF Rotary exhibits remarkable in vitro performances. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo é avaliar as propriedades mecânicas de uma lima rotativa recém-desenvolvida, AF Rotary (Fanta Dental, Shanghai, China), e comparar essas características com uma lima rotativa mundialmente difundida, Protaper Gold F2 (PTG F2; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Suíça). Material e Métodos: 60 AF Rotary 25.06 e 60 PTG F2 foram divididos em três grupos de 20 arquivos cada. Um grupo foi submetido a testes de resistência à fadiga cíclica, o segundo grupo foi submetido a testes de resistência à torção, o terceiro grupo foi submetido a testes de flexão. A análise estatística foi realizada por meio do teste t student com nível de significância de 95% (p <0,05). Resultados: AF Rotary apresentou resistência torcional e resistência à fadiga cíclica significativamente maiores (p <0,05) quando comparado ao PTG F2. AF Rotary também apresentou resistência à flexão significativamente menor (p <0,05) quando comparado ao PTG F2. Conclusão: Portanto, dentro das limitações deste estudo, os resultados mostram melhores desempenhos do AF Rotary em relação ao PTG F2 no que diz respeito ao teste de fadiga cíclica, ao teste de torção e ao teste de flexão. Uma vez que o PTG F2 é um instrumento comumente usado e amplamente investigado, pode-se afirmar que o AF Rotary exibe desempenhos in vitro notáveis. (AU)


Subject(s)
Data Interpretation, Statistical , Flexural Strength , Mechanical Tests
3.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e018, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1119296

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: Las limas rotatorias de níquel-titanio con tratamiento termomecánico se desarrollaron para permitir una mayor flexibilidad al instrumentar los conductos radiculares. Los instrumentos permitieron a los operadores tratar las curvaturas de los conductos con mayor facilidad. Los fabricantes están tratando de producir limas que funcionen de manera más eficiente y segura. Conocer las propiedades de las limas comercializadas es especialmente importante porque ayuda a elegir un sistema de lima apropiado. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la flexibilidad de tres limas diferentes de níquel-titanio (NiTi) con tratamiento termomecánico en dos puntos diferentes. Materiales y métodos: Se midió la flexibilidad de tres limas NiTi con tratamiento termomecánico (ProTaper Gold, 2Shape y V-Taper Fanta Gold). Cada lima fue sujetada a 3 mm y 7 mm (n = 10/longitud/lima) y se utilizó una máquina de ensayo universal para doblarla a una fuerza máxima. Todos los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente por análisis de varianza de una vía y prueba de Tukey post hoc (p = 0,05) para determinar cualquier diferencia significativa. Resultados: Se halló diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p < 0,05). En general, V-Taper Fanta Gold fue la más rígida, ProTaper Gold mostró los mayores valores de fuerza y su deformación fue significativamente más flexible. Conclusión: Las limas ProTaper Gold mostraron una mayor flexibilidad en comparación con las otras limas estudiadas. (AU)


Background: Nickel-titanium rotary files with thermomechanical treatment were developed to allow greater flexibility when instrumenting the root canals. The instruments allowed operators to deal with duct curvatures more easily. Manufacturers are trying to produce files that work better efficiently and safely. Knowing the properties of marketed files is especially important in helping you choose an appropriate file system. The objective of this study was to evaluate the flexibility of three different nickel-titanium (NiTi) files with thermomechanical treatment at two different points along the file. Materials and methods: The flexibility of three NiTi files with thermomechanical treatment (Protaper Gold, 2Shape and V-Taper Fanta Gold) was measured. Each file was clamped at 3 mm and 7 mm (n = 10 / length / file) and a universal testing machine was used to bend the files to a maximum strength. All data were statistically analyzed by one-way analysis of variance and post-hoc Tukey test (P = 0.05) to determine any significant differences. Results: There were statistically significant differences (P <0.05). In general, V-Taper Fanta Gold was the most rigid, Protaper Gold showed the highest values of force and deformation was significantly more flexible. Conclusión: Protaper Gold files showed greater flexibility compared to the other files studied. (AU)


Subject(s)
Titanium , Pliability , Dental Instruments , Alloys , Nickel
4.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-205099

ABSTRACT

Background: Preparing and maintaining the original shape in conjunction with its disinfection, exclusive of any procedural error is mandatory in endodontic treatment. Nickel-titanium instruments are much more flexible than conventional stainless steel files combined with superior cutting efficiency. The purposes of this study were to measure and compare the canal transportation, centering ratio at different levels of simulated curved canals of the endodontic training resin blocks, which were instrumented by using of 4 Niti rotary endodontic systems’ Protaper Next, OneShape, Protaper Gold, and TwoShape. Material and Methods: Total 60 resin blocks were randomly divided into 4 groups of 15 canals each; the 1st group was prepared with Protaper Next instruments, the 2nd was prepared with OneShape, the 3rd was prepared with Protaper Gold instruments, and the 4th was prepared with the TwoShape. All were prepared for the size of 25. Removal of material was measured at 5 different levels: at the canal orifice, halfway to the orifice in the straight sections; the beginning of the curve; the crest of the curve; the endpoint. Pre and post-operative photos of the simulated canals were taken in a standardized technique. An assessment of changes has been determined using Photoshop and Digimizer Software. The data were analyzed statistically using Shapiro-Wilk, ANOVA by SPSS software version 21. Results: Regarding the canal transportation, the direction of transportation of rotary NiTi instruments was usually towards the inner aspect at middle parts of the canal, towards the outer aspect of the curve at the apex of the curve and the end of preparation. Conclusion: The TwoShape produced the least amount of canal transportation and preserved the original curvature of the canal more than the other systems evaluated in this study.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741994

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue, bending resistance, and surface roughness of EdgeEvolve (EdgeEndo) and ProTaper Gold (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties) nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary files. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The instruments (n = 15/each) were tested for cyclic fatigue in single- (60° curvature, 5-mm radius) and double-curved (coronal curvature 60°, 5-mm radius, and apical curvature of 30° and 2-mm radius) artificial canals. The number of cycles to fracture was calculated. The bending resistance of both files were tested using a universal testing machine where the files were bent until reach 45°. Scanning electron microscopy and x-ray energy-dispersive spectrometric analysis were used for imaging the fractured segments, while the atomic force microscope was used to quantify the surface roughness average (Ra). RESULTS: EdgeEvolve files exhibited higher cyclic fatigue resistance than ProTaper Gold files in single- and double-curved canals (p 0.05). EdgeEvolve files showed significantly lower Ra values than ProTaper Gold files (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Within the limitation of this study, EdgeEvolve files exhibited significantly higher cyclic fatigue resistance than ProTaper Gold files in both single- and double-curved canals.


Subject(s)
Fatigue , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Pliability , Radius
6.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-178071

ABSTRACT

Context: This study evaluated and compared the shaping ability of ProTaper Gold (PG) (PG; Dentsply, Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK, USA) system with ProTaper Universal (PU) (PU; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) using cone‑beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging. Materials and Methods: Forty mesiobuccal canals of mandibular first molars with curvatures of 25−30° were divided into two experimental groups (n = 20) according to the rotary nickel–titanium (NiTi) file system used in canal instrumentation as follows: Group PG and group PU. Canals were scanned before and after instrumentation using CBCT scanner to evaluate root canal transportation and centering ratio at 3, 5, and 7 mm from the apex and volumetric changes. Data were statistically analyzed using independent t‑tests and the significance level was set at P < 0.05. Results: There was no significant difference between PG and PU systems in the mean volume of removed dentine, canal transportation, and centering ratio (P > 0.05). Conclusions: The PG and PU NiTi rotary systems showed similar root canal shaping abilities in the preparation of mesial canals of mandibular first molars.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130036

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of ProTaper Gold (PTG, Dentsply Maillefer) in maintaining the original profile of root canal anatomy. For that, ProTaper Universal (PTU, Dentsply Maillefer) was used as reference techniques for comparison. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty simulated curved canals manufactured in clear resin blocks were randomly assigned to 2 groups (n = 10) according to the system used for canal instrumentation: PTU and PTG groups, upto F2 files (25/0.08). Color stereomicroscopic images from each block were taken exactly at the same position before and after instrumentation. All image processing and data analysis were performed with an open source program (FIJI). Evaluation of canal transportation was obtained for two independent canal regions: straight and curved levels. Student's t test was used with a cut-off for significance set at alpha = 5%. RESULTS: Instrumentation systems significantly influenced canal transportation (p < 0.0001). A significant interaction between instrumentation system and root canal level (p < 0.0001) was found. PTU and PTG systems produced similar canal transportation at the straight part, while PTG system resulted in lower canal transportation than PTU system at the curved part. Canal transportation was higher at the curved canal portion (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: PTG system produced overall less canal transportation in the curved portion when compared to PTU system.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp Cavity , Statistics as Topic , Transportation
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of ProTaper Gold (PTG, Dentsply Maillefer) in maintaining the original profile of root canal anatomy. For that, ProTaper Universal (PTU, Dentsply Maillefer) was used as reference techniques for comparison. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty simulated curved canals manufactured in clear resin blocks were randomly assigned to 2 groups (n = 10) according to the system used for canal instrumentation: PTU and PTG groups, upto F2 files (25/0.08). Color stereomicroscopic images from each block were taken exactly at the same position before and after instrumentation. All image processing and data analysis were performed with an open source program (FIJI). Evaluation of canal transportation was obtained for two independent canal regions: straight and curved levels. Student's t test was used with a cut-off for significance set at alpha = 5%. RESULTS: Instrumentation systems significantly influenced canal transportation (p < 0.0001). A significant interaction between instrumentation system and root canal level (p < 0.0001) was found. PTU and PTG systems produced similar canal transportation at the straight part, while PTG system resulted in lower canal transportation than PTU system at the curved part. Canal transportation was higher at the curved canal portion (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: PTG system produced overall less canal transportation in the curved portion when compared to PTU system.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp Cavity , Statistics as Topic , Transportation
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