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1.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 105-108, abr.-jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391923

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: comparar la kinesioterapia tradicional con la técnica miofacial en pacientes con restricción articular interna glenohumeral. MÉTODO: estudio comparativo de 8 pacientes en un grupo de intervención (GI) y kinésico (GC), durante 8 semanas. Se comparó el pre y post test del ROM interno glenohumeral en ambos grupos mediante t de student. RESULTADOS: el grupo de la técnica miofascial demostró una amento significativo de ROM interno glenohumeral de 15,2º (p < 0,001), mientras que el grupo control no fue significativo (p > 0,05) sólo de de 6,4º. CONCLUSIONES:Un tratamiento de terapia con la Técnicas Liberación Miofascial en pacientes con déficit rotacional interno de hombro es más eficaz para aumentar el rango de movimiento articular de rotación interna glenohumeral que una técnica tradicional y conservadora.


OBJETIVE: to compare traditional kinesiotherapy with myofacial technique in patients with glenohumeral internal joint restriction. METHODS: comparative study of 8 patients in an intervention (IG) and kinesiotherapy (CG) group for 8 weeks. The pre- and post-test of glenohumeral internal ROM in both groups was compared using Student's t-test. RESULTS: the myofascial technique group showed a significant increase in glenohumeral internal ROM of 15.2º (p < 0.001), while the control group was not significant (p > 0.05) only 6.4º. CONCLUSIONS: A therapy treatment with Myofascial Release Techniques in patients with shoulder internal rotational deficit is more effective in increasing glenohumeral internal rotational joint range of motion than a traditional, conservative technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Shoulder Joint/physiopathology , Range of Motion, Articular , Myofascial Release Therapy , Joint Diseases/rehabilitation , Rotation , Treatment Outcome
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(3): 195-198, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365715

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Triple jump has high technical requirements. However, in recent years, the frequent knee injuries during the training of triple jump athletes have seriously impacted their training and competition levels. Objective: This article proposes a method for modeling knee joint injury caused by triple jump athletes overtraining based on an improved principal component analysis algorithm. It also studied the relationship between movement amplitude and sports injury. Methods: We obtained the optimal hyperplane showing data on the relationship between sports injury and joint motion range through the triple jump in the decision table. Then, the relationship model between the two was established. The article estimated the principal components of triple jump athletes' knee joint injuries and established an accurate model relating the overtraining of these athletes and their knee joint injuries. Results: The accuracy of improved algorithm modeling is closer to that of physical examination outpatient records than to that of traditional algorithm modeling. Conclusion: The relationship model between triple jump injury and joint motion range was established using the improved algorithm. This model can greatly improve the accuracy of the relationship between the two and can effectively prevent triple jump injuries. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: As exigências técnicas do salto triplo são significativas. Contudo, nos últimos anos, ferimentos no joelho de atletas durante o treino de salto triplo tem impactado na sua preparação e seu nível competitivo. Objetivo: Esse artigo propõe um método para modelagem do ferimento na articulação do joelho causado pelo sobretreinamento de atletas de salto triplo, com base num algoritmo aprimorado para análise de componente principal. Métodos: Obtivemos, na tabela decisória, um hiperplano otimizado, mostrando dados sobre a relação entre o ferimento esportivo e a amplitude do movimento articular ao longo do salto triplo. Em seguida, foi estabelecido um modelo relacional entre esses elementos. Estimou-se os principais componentes das feridas na articulação do joelho de atletas de salto triplo e estabeleceu-se um modelo preciso, relacionando o sobretreinamento desses atletas e tais feridas articulares. Resultados: A precisão do algoritmo de modelagem aprimorado se mostrou mais próxima dos resultados do exame físico ambulatorial que dos resultados da modelagem por algoritmo tradicional. Conclusão: Um modelo de relação entre o ferimento no salto triplo e a amplitude do movimento da articulação foi estabelecido usando-se o algoritmo aprimorado. Esse modelo pode aumentar consideravelmente a precisão das relações entre esses elementos e efetivamente prevenir contra ferimentos no salto triplo. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação de resultados de tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Las exigencias técnicas del triple salto son significativas. Sin embargo, en los últimos años, lesiones en las rodillas de atletas durante el entrenamiento del triple salto han impactado en su preparación y en su nivel competitivo. Objetivo: Este artículo propone un método para modelar la lesión en la articulación de la rodilla causada por el sobreentrenamiento de atletas de triple salto, con base en un algoritmo mejorado para análisis de componente principal. Métodos: Obtuvimos, en la tabla decisiva, un hiperplano optimizado, mostrando datos sobre la relación entre la lesión deportiva y el rango del movimiento articular a lo largo del triple salto. Seguidamente, fue establecido un modelo relacional entre estos elementos. Se estimaron los principales componentes de las lesiones en la articulación de la rodilla de atletas de triple salto y se estableció un modelo preciso, relacionando el sobreentrenamiento de estos atletas y tales lesiones articulares. Resultados: La precisión del algoritmo de modelo mejorado se mostró más cercana a los resultados del examen físico ambulatoria que de los resultados del modelo por algoritmo tradicional. Conclusión: Un modelo de relación entre la lesión en el triple salto y el rango del movimiento de la articulación fue establecido usándose el algoritmo mejorado. Este modelo puede aumentar considerablemente la precisión de las relaciones entre estos elementos y efectivamente prevenir contra lesiones en el triple salto. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de resultados de tratamiento.

3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 392-401, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388019

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To determine gender-based variations in trunk range of motion (RoM) and isometric strength (IS) in symptomatic and asymptomatic young adults. Methods In this prospective case-control study, 73 subjects with low back pain (LBP) and 80 asymptomatic subjects were analyzed. Dynamometer-based device trunk RoM and IS measurements in extension, flexion, and rotation were compared in both groups and gender-based subgroups. Multivariate analysis was used to determine factors influencing trunk RoM and IS. Results Symptomatic males had significantly less extension RoM and extension, flexion, and rotation isometric trunk strength (ITS) (p < 0.0001) compared with asymptomatic males, whereas no significant difference was found between asymptomatic and symptomatic females. However, the mean extension-flexion RoM and mean extension-flexion ITS ratios were significantly lower (p = 0.04) in asymptomatic females compared with symptomatic females. Female gender was significantly associated with less extension and flexion ITS in both asymptomatic and symptomatic subjects. Conclusion Males with LBP had significant global ITS weakness when compared with asymptomatic males. Despite no significant ITS difference in symptomatic versus asymptomatic females, LBP caused significant extension-flexion RoM and ITS imbalance in females. These gender-based variations in trunk RoM and IS, especially the extensor-flexor IS imbalance in females, must be considered while designing rehabilitation treatment protocols for LBP.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar as variações na amplitude de movimento (ADM) do tronco e na força isométrica do tronco (FIT) em jovens adultos sintomáticos e assintomáticos baseadas no gênero dos indivíduos. Métodos Neste estudo caso-controle prospectivo, 73 indivíduos com dor lombar (DL) e 80 indivíduos assintomáticos foram analisados. As medidas de ADM do tronco e FIT de extensão, flexão e rotação foram comparadas em ambos os grupos e em subgrupos organizados por gênero. A análise multivariada foi usada para determinar os fatores que influenciam a ADM do tronco e a FIT. Results Symptomatic males had significantly less extension RoM and extension, flexion, and rotation isometric trunk strength (ITS) (p < 0.0001) compared with asymptomatic males, whereas no significant difference was found between asymptomatic and symptomatic females. However, the mean extension-flexion RoM and mean extension-flexion ITS ratios were significantly lower (p = 0.04) in asymptomatic females compared with symptomatic females. Female gender was significantly associated with less extension and flexion ITS in both asymptomatic and symptomatic subjects. Conclusão Indivíduos do sexo masculino com DL apresentaram significativa fraqueza global relacionada à FIT quando comparados com indivíduos do sexo masculino assintomáticos. Apesar de não haver diferença significativa de FIT em indivíduos do sexo feminino sintomáticos versus assintomáticos, a DL impactou a ADM e a FIT de extensão-flexão em indivíduos do sexo feminino. Essas variações de ADM do tronco e FIT baseadas no sexo, especialmente o desequilíbrio extensor-flexor de força isométrica em indivíduos do sexo feminino, devem ser consideradas ao projetar-se protocolos de tratamento de reabilitação para lombalgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Spine , Range of Motion, Articular , Low Back Pain , Muscle Strength , Isometric Contraction
4.
Acta fisiátrica ; 29(2): 124-128, jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373045

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Investigar os efeitos da associação entre alongamento e recursos termoterapêuticos sobre o ganho de flexibilidade e amplitude de movimento. Métodos: Este ensaio clínico, controlado, não randomizado e cego teve duração de três semanas, com duas sessões semanais e incluiu 27 indivíduos do sexo feminino, as quais compuseram tanto o grupo experimental quanto o controle, de forma que um de seus membros inferiores recebeu a intervenção terapêutica dos recursos termoterapêuticos e o membro oposto foi submetido apenas ao alongamento. A análise angular foi realizada através do software de avaliação postural Kinovera. Resultados: Os efeitos do alongamento associado ao calor prévio e resfriamento pós intervenção se mostraram mais eficazes comparado ao grupo controle pré-intervenção (p<0,000), grupo controle pós intervenção (p= 0,003) e grupo experimental pré-intervenção (p<0,000). Conclusão: A aplicação de calor prévio ao alongamento, seguido pelo emprego imediato de resfriamento propicia ganhos de flexibilidade muscular e amplitude de movimento maiores que o alongamento simples.


Objective: To investigate the effects between stretching and thermotherapeutics resources on gaining flexibility and range of motion. Methods: This controlled, non- randomized, blinded clinical trial lasted three weeks, with two weekly sessions and included 27 female individuals, who made up both the experimental and the control group, so one of their legs received therapeutic intervention from chemotherapeutic resources and the opposite one was submitted to stretching only. Angular analysis was performed using the Kinovera postural assessment software. Results: The effects of stretching associated with pre-intervention heat and post-intervention cooling were more effective compared to the pre-intervention control group (p<0.000), post- intervention control group (p= 0.003) and pre-intervention experimental group (p<0.000). Conclusion: The application of heat prior to stretching followed by immediate cooling provides gains in muscle flexibility and range of motion greater than simple stretching.

5.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e59078, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366713

ABSTRACT

This study is aimed to estimate and measure reference values in the normal range of motion of extremity joints in females and to provide a database for the assessment of impairments related to the mobility of the joints. This observational cross-sectional study was conducted at seven major educational institutes areas of Rawalpindi and Islamabad in Pakistan from January to June 2020 with a sample size of 600 healthy females aged 15 to 45 years and divided into three groups through non-probability sampling technique. In study Instruments, an electronic Goniometer was used for the measurement of the range of motions for different joints and then those ranges were recorded. The questionnaire had two sections demographic characteristics and ROM for both upper and lower limbs. Data was analyzed using SPSS V21. A p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.In the result,Out of 600 participants,there was a statistically significant difference of (p < 0.001) in both upper and lower extremities motion between all the three groups for the measurements and noticeably no significant difference (p > 0.005) between group 1, 2 comparisons for the knee joint extension.To conclude, In most joints, the range of motion increases with age. The transition from group 1 to group 2 was aided by increased hormone participation in growth, an active lifestyle, and generally good health. Because of degenerative changes and joint stiffness, group 3's range of motion deteriorated, leading to a sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity. Standardized biomechanical measurements can help health practitioners, such as physiotherapists, choose appropriate therapy interventions to assess musculoskeletal disorders. To resolve the inconsistencies in the reliability and validity of goniometry values, more research is required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Reference Values , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Joint/physiology , Biomechanical Phenomena/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Multicenter Study , Elbow Joint/physiology , Arthrometry, Articular , Sedentary Behavior , Physical Therapists , Hip/physiology , Knee Joint/physiology , Life Style
6.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 29(1): 46-52, jan.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375484

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O tratamento do câncer de mama pode prejudicar a amplitude de movimento (ADM) e causar dor no membro superior (MS) homolateral. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a ADM, a intensidade e a caracterização da dor no MS homolateral à cirurgia entre as 1ª, 10ª e 20ª sessões de fisioterapia, além de correlacionar estas variáveis. Foi conduzido um ensaio clínico autocontrolado com a participação de 49 mulheres após cirurgia de câncer de mama que se queixavam de dor no MS. A ADM foi avaliada por meio de goniometria e o MS contralateral foi adotado como controle. A intensidade de dor foi avaliada pela escala visual analógica (EVA) e caracterizada pelo Questionário de McGill, obtendo-se o número de palavras escolhidas (NWC) e o índice de avaliação da dor (PRI). Verificou-se aumento significativo da ADM do MS homolateral ao longo das 20 sessões. Comparando o MS homolateral ao contralateral, somente a abdução não melhorou significativamente após a 20ª sessão. Observou-se uma redução significativa da intensidade de dor, do PRI e do NWC entre a 1ª e 10ª e entre a 1ª e 20ª sessão. As categorias sensorial e avaliativa também diminuíram significativamente. Foi encontrada uma correlação significativa entre EVA, PRI e NWC entre a 10ª e a 20ª sessão. A fisioterapia aumentou a ADM, reduziu a dor no MS homolateral e o número de palavras escolhidas para caracterizar a dor. Foram observadas melhoras expressivas no início do tratamento e ganhos adicionais ao longo do tempo. Exercícios para flexão, abdução e rotação externa bilaterais devem ser enfatizados no tratamento.


RESUMEN El tratamiento del cáncer de mama puede afectar al rango del movimiento (RDM) y causar dolor en el miembro superior (MS) ipsilateral. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar el RDM, la intensidad y la caracterización del dolor en el MS ipsilateral después de la cirugía entre la 1.ª, la 10.ª y la 20.ª sesión de fisioterapia, además de correlacionar estas variables. Se realizó un ensayo clínico autocontrolado con la participación de 49 mujeres después de haber sometido a cirugía de cáncer de mama y que se quejaban de dolor en el MS. El RDM se evaluó mediante goniometría, y se adoptó como control el MS contralateral. La intensidad del dolor se evaluó mediante la escala analógica visual (EVA) y se caracterizó mediante el Cuestionario de McGill, que obtuvo el número de palabras elegidas (NWC) y el índice de evaluación del dolor (PRI). Hubo un incremento significativo en el RDM del MS ipsilateral durante las 20 sesiones. En las comparaciones entre el MS ipsilateral y el contralateral, solo la abducción no mejoró significativamente después de la 20.ª sesión. Hubo una reducción significativa en la intensidad del dolor, del PRI y del NWC entre la 1ª y la 10ª sesión y entre la 1ª y la 20ª sesión. Las categorías sensoriales y evaluativas también disminuyeron significativamente. Se encontró una correlación significativa entre EVA, PRI y NWC entre la 10ª y la 20ª sesión. La fisioterapia pudo incrementar el RDM, reducir el dolor del MS ipsilateral y disminuir la cantidad de palabras elegidas para caracterizar el dolor. Se encontraron mejoras significativas al comienzo del tratamiento y ganancias adicionales a lo largo del tiempo. Los ejercicios bilaterales de flexión, abducción y rotación externa deben enfatizarse en el tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Treatment of breast cancer can impair range of motion (ROM) and cause homolateral upper limb pain (UL). This study aimed to compare the ROM, intensity and characterization of UL homolateral pain between the 1st, 10th and 20th sessions of physiotherapy, besides correlating these variables. A clinical trial self-controlled study involving 49 women after mastectomy or quadrantectomy with pain complaint on UL was conducted. ROM was evaluated by goniometry and contralateral UL was adopted as control. The intensity of pain was evaluated by the visual analogue scale (VAS) and characterized by the McGill questionnaire, obtaining the number of words chosen (NWC) and the pain evaluation index (PRI). The ROM of the homolateral UL increased significantly over the 20 sessions. Comparing the homolateral UL with the control, only the abduction did not improve significantly after the 20th session. Pain intensity, PRI and NWC reduced significantly between 1st and 10th and between 1st and 20th sessions. The sensory and evaluative categories also decreased significantly. We observed a significant correlation between VAS, PRI and NWC in the 10th and 20th sessions. Physiotherapy increased ROM, reduced pain in the homolateral UL, and fewer words were chosen to characterize the pain. Significant improvements were observed at the beginning of treatment, but with additional gains over time. Exercises for bilateral flexion, abduction, and external rotation should be emphasized.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E174-E179, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920687

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) rehabilitation training on functional recovery of athletic rotator cuff injury. Methods Twenty-two college students with athletic rotator cuff injuries were stratified according to their gender and randomly divided into resistance band + passive joint range of motion (ROM) training group (control group) and PNF training group (experimental group). The visual analog scale (VAS) was used to evaluate subjective pain intensity of the shoulder joint. Pain positive rate for each manipulation test of rotator cuff injury was observed, and active ROM and muscle strength of the shoulder joint were measured. Improved UCLA shoulder joint score was used to evaluate comprehensive function of the shoulder joint. Results After training, VAS scores and pain positive rate in two groups were lower than those before training, and VAS scores and pain positive rate in experimental group were lower than those in control group. Muscle strength, active ROM in all directions and improved UCLA score of the shoulder joint in two groups were also higher than those before training, and the internal rotation muscle strength, the internal rotation and external rotation active ROM, improved UCLA score of the shoulder joint in experimental group were higher than those in control group. Conclusions PNF rehabilitation training can reduce the pain of athletic rotator cuff injury, improve the active ROM, muscle strength and UCLA shoulder joint score. The function recovery effect of PNF training is better than that of resistance band + passive ROM training.

8.
Acta ortop. bras ; 29(5): 246-248, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339065

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To date, the literature lacks consensus on the most efficient method to measure the range of motion of an in vitro prosthetic system. In this study, we propose the use of a relatively low-cost online software to measure the range of motion of hip prosthetic implants manufactured in Brazil and compare its results with the current technical standards for hip arthroplasty. Methods: Three different diameters of femoral heads were evaluated (28 mm, 32 mm, and 36 mm). The mean values of the angular displacement of the prosthesis in each motion axis were obtained by computer simulations. Results: The range of motion with each femoral head was 28mm (extension/flexion: 148°, internal/external rotation: 179°, adduction/abduction: 107°), 32 mm (152°/185°/114°), and 36 mm (158°/193°/120°). Conclusion: The computational method showed that the larger the femoral head, the greater the range of motion of the hip joint prosthetic system. Additional clinical studies are necessary to compare the physical results obtained with the values found in this study by computational modeling. Level of evidence V, Experimental study.


RESUMO Objetivo: A maneira mais eficiente de se aferir a amplitude de movimento de um sistema protético in vitro ainda não é bem estabelecido na literatura. Assim, o presente estudo propõe a utilização de um software online de custo relativamente baixo para mensuração da amplitude de movimento de um conjunto protético nacional de quadril e comparar os resultados obtidos com a norma técnica vigente para as artroplastias de quadril. Métodos: A avaliação foi realizada com três diferentes diâmetros de cabeças femorais (28 mm, 32 mm e 36 mm); os valores médios do deslocamento angular da prótese em cada eixo de movimento foram obtidos por meio de simulações computacionais no programa Autodesk Inventor. Resultados: as amplitudes de movimento obtidas foram: cabeça 28mm (extensão/flexão: 148°, rotação interna/externa: 179°, adução/abdução: 107°), cabeça 32° (152°/185°/114°), cabeça 36° (158°/193°/120°). Conclusão: O método computacional utilizado no presente estudo possibilitou concluir que quanto maior a cabeça femoral, maior será a amplitude de movimento do sistema protético para articulação de quadril. Novos estudos clínicos, tanto pré quanto pós-operatórios, devem ser realizados para comparar os resultados físicos obtidos com os valores encontrados nesta avaliação por meio de modelo computacional. Nível de Evidência V, Estudo experimental.

9.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(5): 514-517, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288618

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: With the continuous development of society and the continuous improvement of the economic level, the willingness of Chinese people to participate in sports is also showing an upward trend. However, how to reduce sports damage as much as possible during exercise should be a hot issue of particular concern to athletes in the sports world. Objective: It aimed to discuss the simulation of the relationship between joint motion amplitude (JMA) and motion damage (MD) via a rough set decision-making algorithm to avoid MD. Based on the rough set decision algorithm, JMA and MD models were constructed, and a motion data decision table was established. Methods: Joint change parameters and constraint conditions were set, and joint change parameters were analyzed. Moreover, the changing parameters, feature strength, and algorithm partition accuracy of the simulation model were analyzed. Results: The feature strength and the division accuracy of the rough set decision algorithm all showed good accuracy. The model constructed by such a method can well describe the relationship between JMA and MD. Conclusion: The proposed rough set decision algorithm can describe the relationship between JMA and MD scientifically and effectively, which provided reference value for sports. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: Com o desenvolvimento contínuo da sociedade e a melhoria contínua do nível econômico, a disposição do povo chinês para a prática de esportes também apresenta uma tendência ascendente. No entanto, como reduzir os danos ao esporte tanto quanto possível durante o exercício deve ser uma questão importante de particular preocupação para os atletas do mundo dos esportes. Objetivo: o objetivo foi discutir a simulação da relação entre amplitude de movimento articular (JMA) e dano de movimento (MD) por meio de um algoritmo de tomada de decisão de conjunto aproximado, para evitar MD. Com base no algoritmo de decisão de conjunto aproximado, os modelos JMA e MD foram construídos e uma tabela de decisão de dados de movimento foi estabelecida. Métodos: os parâmetros de mudança da junta e as condições de restrição foram definidos, e os parâmetros de mudança da junta foram analisados. Além disso, foram analisados os parâmetros de alteração, a força do recurso e a precisão da partição do algoritmo do modelo de simulação. Resultados: A força do recurso e a precisão da divisão do algoritmo de decisão do conjunto aproximado mostraram boa precisão. O modelo construído por esse método pode descrever bem a relação entre JMA e MD. Conclusão: O algoritmo de decisão de conjunto aproximado proposto pode descrever a relação entre JMA e MD de forma científica e eficaz, o que forneceu valor de referência para a área de esportes. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Con el desarrollo continuo de la sociedad y la mejora continua del nivel económico, la disposición del pueblo chino a participar en deportes también está mostrando una tendencia al alza. Sin embargo, cómo reducir el daño deportivo tanto como sea posible durante el ejercicio debería ser un tema candente de especial preocupación para los atletas en el mundo del deporte. Objetivo: Su objetivo era discutir la simulación de la relación entre la amplitud del movimiento articular (JMA) y el daño por movimiento (MD) a través de un algoritmo de toma de decisiones de conjunto aproximado, para evitar MD. Con base en el algoritmo de decisión de conjunto aproximado, se construyeron modelos JMA y MD, y se estableció una tabla de decisión de datos de movimiento. Métodos: Se establecieron los parámetros de cambio de la articulación y las condiciones de restricción, y se analizaron los parámetros de cambio de la articulación. Además, se analizaron los parámetros cambiantes, la fuerza de la característica y la precisión de la partición del algoritmo del modelo de simulación. Resultados: La fuerza de la característica y la precisión de la división del algoritmo de decisión de conjunto aproximado mostraron una buena precisión. El modelo construido por tal método puede describir bien la relación entre JMA y MD. Conclusión: El algoritmo de decisión de conjunto aproximado propuesto puede describir la relación entre JMA y MD de manera científica y efectiva, lo que proporcionó un valor de referencia para el campo de los deportes. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Simulation Exercise , Exercise Movement Techniques , Joints/physiology , Athletic Injuries/prevention & control , Algorithms
10.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(4): 63-69, ago. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342443

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar a amplitude de movimento articular de praticantes de um programa de condicionamento extremo. O estudo transversal, descritivo, caracteriza-se por uma pesquisa quanti-qualitativa. Os praticantes responderam perguntas sociodemográficas, relacionadas à prática da modalidade, se possuía alguma dor/desconforto articular e realizaram testes para a avaliação da amplitude articular de ombro, punho, quadril e tornozelo. Os testes realizados foram: Reverse Wall Slide para o ombro, Weight-Bearing Box Test para o punho, Supine Kness-To-Chest para o quadril e Weight-Bearing Lunge Test para a articulação do tornozelo. Foram avaliados 46 praticantes, sendo 26 mulheres e 20 homens. Os resultados foram analisados e apresentados de forma descritiva com cálculo da média e desvio padrão. Nos praticantes avaliados cerca de 30,43%; 80,45%; 58,69% e 60,28% apresentaram avaliação positiva para a amplitude de movimento de ombro, punho, quadril e tornozelo, respectivamente. Foi encontrado correlação positiva e fraca somente entre o resultado do teste de mobilidade do tornozelo e dor/desconforto.(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the range of articular movement of practitioners of an extreme conditioning program. The cross-sectional, descriptive study is characterized by quantitative and qualitative research. The practitioners answered sociodemographic questions, related to the practice of the sport, if they had any joint pain / discomfort and performed tests to assess the shoulder, wrist, hip and ankle joint amplitude. The tests performed were: Reverse Wall Slide for the shoulder mobility, WeightBearing Box Test for the wrist mobility, Supine Kness-To-Chest for the hip mobility and Weight-Bearing Lunge Test for the ankle mobility. Was evaluated 46 practitioners, 26 women and 20 men. The results were analyzed and presented descriptively with calculation of the mean and standard deviation. In the evaluated practitioners about 30.43%; 80.45%; 58.69% and 60.28% had a positive evaluation for the range of motion of the shoulder, wrist, hip and ankle, respectively. A positive and weak correlation was found only between the result of the ankle mobility test and pain / discomfort.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain , Shoulder , Range of Motion, Articular , Seismic Waves Amplitude , Hip , Ankle , Ankle Joint , Sports , Women , Men
11.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(2): 114-117, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249662

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the impact of stiffness associated with lumbar spinal fusion on disability and quality of life. Methods: This is a retrospective study including 40 patients (mean age: 57.7 ± 16.2) who underwent spinal surgery with fusion including the lumbar segment and a minimum of 24-month postoperative follow-up. The version translated and adapted to Portuguese of the Lumbar Stiffness Disability Index (LSDI) questionnaire was applied to assess the disability associated with stiffness secondary to lumbar spinal fusion. To quantify postoperative clinical lumbar stiffness / mobility, the Modified-Modified Schober Test (MMST) was applied. Results: There was a moderate negative correlation (r = -0.320), but significant (p = 0.04), between the MMST value and the LSDI score. The average of LSDI score in patients with extension of spinal fusion to the sacrum was higher than in patients without extension to the sacrum (p = 0.002), indicating greater disability in those with extension to the sacrum. Conclusions: In patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion, the disability related to lumbar stiffness, measured by the LSDI score, was directly related to clinical lumbar stiffness, measured by the modified-modified Schöber test. The inclusion of the sacrum in fusion showed an association with worsening of disability related to lumbar stiffness. Level of evidence III; Retrospective analysis.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da rigidez associada a artrodese lombar sobre a capacidade funcional e qualidade de vida. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo que incluiu 40 pacientes (média de idade: 57,7±16,2) submetidos a cirurgia da coluna vertebral com artrodese incluindo o segmento lombar, com mínimo de seguimento pós-operatório de 24 meses. A versão traduzida e adaptada paro o Português do questionário Lumbar Stiffness Disability Index (LSDI) foi aplicada para avaliar as limitações funcionais associadas à rigidez secundária à artrodese lombar. Para quantificar a rigidez/mobilidade clínica lombar pós-operatória, foi aplicado o teste modificado-modificado de Schöber (TMMS). Resultados: Houve correlação negativa moderada (r= -0,320), porém significativa (p= 0,04), entre o valor do TMMS e o escore LSDI. A média do escore LSDI dos pacientes com extensão da artrodese ao sacro foi maior que nos pacientes sem extensão ao sacro (p= 0,002), indicando maior limitação funcional naqueles com extensão ao sacro. Conclusões: Em pacientes submetidos à artrodese da coluna lombar, a capacidade funcional relacionada a rigidez lombar, medida pelo escore LSDI, se mostrou diretamente relacionada com a rigidez lombar clínica, medida pelo teste modificado-modificado de Schöber. A inclusão do sacro na artrodese mostrou associação com piora da capacidade funcional relacionada à rigidez lombar. Nível de evidência III; Análise retrospectiva.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto de la rigidez asociada con la artrodesis lumbar en la capacidad funcional y la calidad de vida. Métodos: Este es un estudio retrospectivo que incluyó 40 pacientes (edad media: 57.7 ± 16.2) que se sometieron a cirugía del artrodesis de la columna, incluido el segmento lumbar, con un mínimo de 24 meses de seguimiento postoperatorio. La versión traducida y adaptada al portugués del cuestionario Lumbar Stiffness Disability Index (LSDI) se aplicó para evaluar las limitaciones funcionales asociadas con la rigidez secundaria a la artrodesis lumbar. Para cuantificar la rigidez / movilidad clínica lumbar postoperatoria, se aplicó la prueba modificada-modificada de Schöber (PMMS). Resultados: Hubo una correlación negativa moderada (r = -0.320), pero significativa (p = 0.04), entre el valor del PMMS y el puntaje LSDI. El puntaje promedio de LSDI de pacientes con extensión de artrodesis al sacro fue mayor que en pacientes sin extensión al sacro (p = 0.002), lo que indica una mayor limitación funcional en aquellos con extensión al sacro. Conclusiones: En pacientes sometidos a artrodesis de columna lumbar, se demostró que la capacidad funcional relacionada con la rigidez lumbar, medida por el puntaje LSDI, estaba directamente relacionada con la rigidez clínica lumbar, medida por prueba modificada-modificada de Schöber. La inclusión del sacro en la artrodesis mostró una asociación con el empeoramiento de la capacidad funcional relacionada con la rigidez lumbar. Nivel de evidencia III; Análisis retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spine , Arthrodesis , Quality of Life , Range of Motion, Articular
12.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 28(1): 117-123, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286447

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT To evaluate knee and ankle disorders during functional gait assessment in individuals with Mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI). 19 subjects were included in this cross-sectional study and allocated in three groups according to age: Children Group (n=11); Adolescent Group (n=4); and Adult Group (n=4). Subphases of one gait cycle were analyzed: Initial contact; Medium support, and Pre-Balance. All volunteers with MPS VI presented greater knee and ankle flexion angles, in all gait subphases, when compared to the normal values defined by literature (p<0.05). Initial contact subphase: knee flexion angle ranging from 8.5º to 15º; Ankle = Child Group −23.73º ± 8.53º; Adolescent Group = −25º ± 11.22º; Adult Group = −27.75º ± 3.3º. Medium support subphase: Knee = Child Group 19.64º ± 10.47º; Adolescent Group 16.75º ± 10.34º; Adult Group = 21.25º ± 12.84º. Ankle = Child Group −18.82º ± 8.91º ± 8.53º; Adolescent Group = −16.5º ± 9.33º; Adult Group = −22.25º ± 4.19º. Pre-Balance subphase: Knee = Child Group 22.72º ± 13.49º; Adolescent Group 21.25º ± 7.97º; Adult Group = 27º ± 16.27º. Ankle = Child Group -15º ± 9.76º; Adolescent Group = −15.75º ± 5.31º; Adult Group = −14.75º ± 3.86º. In this study, MPS VI individuals presented hyperflexion of knee and ankle as the main joint disorders during functional gait, regardless of age.


RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar distúrbios articulares de joelho e tornozelo durante a marcha funcional na Mucopolissacaridose tipo VI (MPS VI). 19 indivíduos foram incluídos neste estudo transversal e alocados em três grupos de acordo com a idade: Grupo Crianças (n=11); Grupo Adolescentes (n=4); e Grupo Adultos (n=4). Foram analisadas as subfases de um ciclo da marcha: contato inicial; apoio médio e pré-balanço. Todos os voluntários com a MPS VI apresentaram maiores ângulos de flexão do joelho e tornozelo, em todas as subfases da marcha, quando comparados aos valores normais definidos pela literatura (p<0,05). Subfase contato inicial: ângulo de flexão do joelho variando de 8,5º a 15º; Tornozelo = Grupo Criança -23,73º ± 8,53º; Grupo Adolescente = -25º ± 11,22º; Grupo Adulto = -27,75º ± 3,3º. Subfase apoio médio: Joelho = Grupo Criança 19,64º ± 10,47º; Grupo Adolescente 16,75º ± 10,34º; Grupo Adulto = 21,25º ± 12,84º. Tornozelo = Grupo Criança -18,82º ± 8,91º ± 8,53º; Grupo Adolescente = -16,5º ± 9,33º; Grupo Adulto = -22,25º ± 4,19º. Subfase pré-balanço: Joelho = Grupo Criança 22,72º ± 13,49º; Grupo Adolescente 21,25º ± 7,97º; Grupo Adulto = 27º ± 16,27º. Tornozelo = Grupo Criança = -15º ± 9,76º; Grupo Adolescente = -15,75º ± 5,31º; Grupo Adulto = -14,75º ± 3,86º. Neste estudo, os indivíduos com MPS VI apresentaram hiperflexão do joelho e tornozelo como principais distúrbios articulares durante a marcha funcional, independentemente da idade.


RESUMEN El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los trastornos de la articulación de la rodilla y el tobillo durante la marcha funcional en mucopolisacaridosis tipo VI (MPS VI). En este estudio transversal participaron 19 personas, las cuales se asignaron a tres grupos según la edad: Grupo Niños (n=11); Grupo Adolescente (n=4); y Grupo Adulto (n=4). Se analizaron las subfases de un ciclo de marcha: contacto inicial; soporte mediano y balance previo. Todos los voluntarios con MPS VI tuvieron mayores ángulos de flexión de rodilla y tobillo en todas las subfases de la marcha en comparación con los valores normales definidos por la literatura (p<0,05). En la subfase de contacto inicial: ángulo de flexión de la rodilla varia de 8,5º a 15º; Tobillo = Grupo Niños -23,73º ± 8,53º; Grupo Adolescente = -25º ± 11,22º; Grupo Adulto = -27,75º ± 3,3º. En la subfase de soporte mediano: Rodilla = Grupo Niños 19,64º ± 10,47º; Grupo Adolescente 16,75º ± 10,34º; Grupo Adulto = 21,25º ± 12,84º. Tobillo = Grupo Niños -18,82º ± 8,91º ± 8,53º; Grupo Adolescente = -16,5º ± 9,33º; Grupo Adulto = -22,25º ± 4,19º. En la subfase de balance previo: Rodilla = Grupo Niños 22,72º ± 13,49º; Grupo Adolescente 21,25º ± 7,97º; Grupo Adulto = 27º ± 16,27º. Tobillo = Grupo Niños = -15º ± 9,76º; Grupo Adolescente = -15,75º ± 5,31º; Grupo Adulto = -14,75º ± 3,86º. En este estudio, los individuos con MPS VI presentaron hiperflexión de rodilla y tobillo como los principales trastornos articulares durante la marcha funcional independiente de la edad.

13.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(1): 30-39, jan. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1147555

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A disfunção temporomandibular,distúrbio que acomete as estruturas ósseas, musculares e articulares da região orofacial tem sido cada vez mais recorrente. Esse distúrbio causa dores, limitação de movimento e alteração na qualidade de vida dos pacientes acometidos com a doença. Se fazemnecessáriasmedidas de controle e tratamento dessadoença de prevalência crescente. Objetivo:Avaliar a amplitude de abertura bucal em pacientes portadores de disfunção temporomandibular, submetidos ao tratamento com fisioterapia após 1 e 3 meses de tratamento.Metodologia:Avaliou-se a amplitude de abertura bucal de 25 pacientes submetidos ao tratamento com fisioterapia. Todos os pacientes foram diagnosticados com disfunçãode acordo com o eixo 1 do "Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders". Os dados colhidos foram avaliados através do programa SPSS e foi realizado o teste Wilcoxon, com nível de confiança de 95%. Resultados:Para pacientes que apresentavam comprometimento da amplitude de abertura máxima sem auxílio, a fisioterapia possibilitou melhora significativa do ganho de amplitude no tempo inicial e após um mês de terapia (p= 0,002), mantendo a amplitude até o terceiro mês, sem apresentar ganho significativo. Conclusões:Para a variável amplitude de abertura bucal, a fisioterapia se mostra como uma boa alternativa de tratamento, alcançando resultados satisfatórios para o ganho de amplitude e melhoria do quadro sintomático do paciente (AU).


Introduction:Temporomandibulardisorder, a disorder that affects bone, muscle and joint structures in the orofacial region has been increasingly recurrent. This disorder causes pain, movement limitation and changes in the quality of life of patients affected by the disease. Control measures and treatment of the disease of increasing prevalence are necessary. Objective:To evaluate the range of mouth opening in patients undergoing treatment with physiotherapy after 1 and 3 months of treatment. Methodology:It was the amplitude of mouth opening in 25 patients submitted to treatment with physiotherapy. All patients were diagnosed with disorder according to axis 1 of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. The collected data were evaluatedusing the SPSS program and the Wilcoxon test was performed, with a 95% confidence level. Results:For patients who presented impairment of the maximum opening amplitude without assistance, physiotherapy enabled a significant improvement in amplitude gainin the initial time and after one month of therapy (p= 0.002), maintaining the amplitude until the third month, without showing any significant gain. Conclusions:For the variable mouth opening amplitude, physiotherapy is shown to be a good treatment alternative, achieving satisfactory results for gaining amplitude and improving the patient's symptomatic condition (AU).


Introducción: El trastorno temporomandibular, un trastorno que afecta las estructuras óseas, musculares y articulares en la región orofacial, ha sido cada vez más recurrente. Este trastorno causa dolor, limitación de movimiento y cambios en la calidad de vida de los pacientes afectados por la enfermedad. Son necesarias medidas de control y tratamiento de la enfermedad de prevalencia creciente.Objetivo: Evaluar la amplitud de la apertura de la boca en pacientes con disfunción temporomandibular, sometidos a tratamiento con fisioterapia después de 1 y 3 meses de tratamiento.Metodología: Se evaluó la amplitud de la apertura de la boca en 25 pacientes sometidos a tratamiento de fisioterapia. Todos los pacientes fueron diagnosticados con trastorno de acuerdo con el eje 1 del Criterios de diagnóstico de investigación para trastornos temporomandibulares. Los datos recopilados se evaluaron utilizando el programa SPSS y se realizó la prueba de Wilcoxon, con un nivel de confianza del 95%. Resultados: Para los pacientes que presentaron deterioro de la amplitud máxima de apertura sin asistencia, la fisioterapia permitió una mejora significativa en la ganancia de amplitud en el tiempo inicial ydespués de un mes de terapia (p=0,002), manteniendo la amplitud hasta el tercer mes, sin mostrar ninguna ganancia significativa.Conclusiones: Para la amplitud variable de apertura de la boca, se muestra que la fisioterapia es una buena alternativa de tratamiento, logrando resultados satisfactorios para aumentar la amplitud y mejorar la condición sintomática del paciente (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome/pathology , Range of Motion, Articular , Physical Therapy Specialty , Quality of Life , Brazil , Longitudinal Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874049

ABSTRACT

  Background: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been noted as an effective pre-conditioning intervention for an increase of the rate of development (RFD). However, it is unknown whether NMES increases muscle flexibility. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) at 20% of maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) torque level for 5 seconds used as a warm-up is effective for improving the range of motion (ROM) following increased tolerance for muscle extensibility with/without alteration of the MTU stiffness.   Methods and Results: Maximum ROM and ROM with standardized torque (30N) were measured in both legs in thirteen healthy males before and after NMES intervention at a 20% MVIC level for 5 seconds. The maximum ROM increased after intervention compared with before intervention on the NMES side, while it was not changed on the non-NMES side. In addition, there were no significant differences in the ROM with standardized torque in any measurements.   Conclusion: It is concluded that NMES at 20% MVIC for 5 seconds could be effective for improving ROM following an increased tolerance for muscle extensibility without alteration of the MTU stiffness.

15.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874022

ABSTRACT

Objective:The Japanese Orthopaedic Association Low Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ) consists of 25 questions, which allows for the multifaceted evaluation of patients with low back pain. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether the JOABPEQ could be used to construct a regression model to quantify low back pain, lower limb symptoms, and hip range of motion (ROM) in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis.Methods:We evaluated 115 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis scheduled to undergo surgery at our hospital. We measured the degrees of low back pain, lower leg pain, and lower leg numbness using the visual analog scale before the surgery. In addition, we measured the ROM of the hip joint during flexion, external rotation, and internal rotation. All responses of the JOABPEQ and physical function data were subjected to a partial least-squares (PLS) regression analysis.Results:Low back pain, lower limb pain, lower limb numbness, and hip ROM during flexion could each be used for significant regression models with JOABPEQ items. However, the hip ROMs during external and internal rotation could not be used for regression models with the JOABPEQ.Conclusion:On the basis of the results of the PLS regression analysis in this study, the degree of pain symptoms in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis may be quantified with the JOABPEQ items. Furthermore, the flexion angle of the hip ROM was quantified using the JOABPEQ items. The results of this study may indicate an effective means for establishing treatment plans for physical therapy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909161

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training in the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy and its effects on hemodynamics and cervical range of motion.Methods:A total of 120 patients with cervical spondylotic radiculopathy who received treatment in Ningbo Zhenhai District People's Hospital,China between February 2018 and February 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive either rehabilitation treatment alone, including cervical traction and functional exercise (control group, n = 60) or acupuncture + rehabilitation treatment (observation group, n = 60) for 4 weeks. Therapeutic efficacy, Visual Analog Scale score, Clinical Assessment Scale for Cervical Spondylosis score and Chinese Stroke Scale score, hemodynamics of basilar arteries (peak systolic velocity, mean flow velocity and resistance index) and cervical range of motion were compared between the two groups. Results:Total effective rate in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [91.67% (55/60) vs. 73.33% (44/60), χ2 = 6.984, P < 0.05]. Visual Analog Scale score and Chinese Stroke Scale score in the observation group were (1.48 ± 0.39) points and (10.53 ± 1.83) points, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(2.30 ± 0.48) points, (13.26 ± 1.96) points, t = 10.270, 7.886]. The Clinical Assessment Scale for Cervical Spondylosis score in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(92.09 ± 5.42) points vs. (83.21 ± 3.78) points, t = 10.409, P < 0.05)]. After treatment, peak systolic velocity and mean flow velocity in the observation group were (67.18 ± 5.27) cm/s and (26.75 ± 3.02) cm/s, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(56.01 ± 6.34) cm/s, (20.93 ± 2.87) cm/s, t = 10.495, 10.821, both P < 0.05]. Resistance index in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(0.72 ± 0.15) vs. (0.98 ± 0.17), t = 8.883, P < 0.05). After treatment, the ranges of cervical flexion, extension, left rotation and right rotation motions in the observation group were (45.68 ± 3.27) °, (48.26 ± 2.26) °, (74.01 ± 5.48) ° and (75.83 ± 4.89) °, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [(40.83 ± 2.16) °, (42.70 ± 2.80) °, (63.78 ± 4.29) ° and (66.58 ± 4.36) °, t = 9.586, 11.969, 11.386, 10.937, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Acupuncture combined with rehabilitation training is effective in the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy because it can improve the hemodynamic index and cervical range of motion.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909150

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of arthroscopic debridement followed by imrecoxib combined with sodium aescinate application in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.Methods:Ninety patients with knee osteoarthritis who received treatment in Lianshui County People's Hospital, China between February 2019 and February 2020 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive imrecoxib treatment (control group A, n = 30), sodium aescinate treatment (control group B, n = 30) or imrecoxib combined with sodium aescinate treatment (observation group, n = 30). The clinical efficacy of different treatment strategies was compared. Results:Total effective rate in the observation group [93.33% (28/30)] was significantly higher than that in the control group A [70.0% (21/30)] and control group B [76.67% (23/30)] ( χ2 = 9.615, P < 0.05). In the observation group, postoperative pain and knee joint inflammation were more greatly mitigated, and knee joint function was better recovered compared with the control groups A and B ( F = 4.124, 3.895, 4.879, all P < 0.05). In the observation group, interlekin-1 level was significantly lower and interleukin-1β was significantly higher than those in the control groups A and B ( F = 3.423, 2.362, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Arthroscopic debridement followed by imrecoxib combined with sodium aescinate application in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis has a positive effect on postoperative knee joint function recovery, comfort and reduction of inflammatory factors, which deserves clinical popularization.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine based on the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in the perioperative period of total knee arthroplasty.Methods:Sixty patients who underwent primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty in Tonglu Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from July 2018 to June 2019 were included in this study. They were randomized as odd numbers to the control group ( n = 30) and even numbers to the observation group ( n = 30). The control group was treated with conventional rehabilitation treatment, while the observation group was subjected to integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine based on the concept of ERAS in the perioperative period of total knee arthroplasty. The perioperative pain, related complications, hospitalization expenses and length of hospital stay were recorded in each group. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the degree of pain and range of motion of the knee joint. The Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee score was also measured to evaluate the curative effects. Results:At 3 and 7 days, 2 and 6 weeks after surgery, knee range of motion score was (63.40 ± 2.80) points, (86.20 ± 4.40) points, (90.30 ± 6.48) points, (100.5 ± 3.39) points, respectively, and at 6 weeks after surgery, HSS knee score was (89.40 ± 5.18) points, in the observation group, which were significantly higher those in the control group [(48.50 ± 4.20) points, (55.40 ± 3.58) points, (77.50 ± 4.38) points, (87.60 ± 4.58) points, (70.50 ± 6.44) points, t = 0.029, 0.013, 0.032, 0.039, 0.042, all P < 0.05]. In the observation group, the VAS score in resting state at 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours after surgery were (3.62 ± 0.40) points, (2.41± 0.52) points, (2.05 ± 0.62) points, (1.93 ± 0.28) points respectively, and the VAS score in active state at 24 and 48 hours were (2.15 ± 0.21) points and (1.71 ± 0.39) points, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in the control group [(5.71 ± 0.63) points, (4.60 ± 0.31) points, (3.84 ± 0.22) points, (3.30 ± 0.21) points, (5.50 ± 0.49) points, (4.80 ± 0.21) points, t = 0.040, 0.035, 0.046, 0.042, 0.027, 0.024, all P < 0.05]. The proportions of patients experiencing postoperative urinary retention, mental disorder, or blood transfusion, length of hospital stay, and hospitalization expenses in the observation group were lower or shorter than those in the control group ( χ2 = 0.003, 0.005, 0.017, t = 0.040, 0.048, all P < 0.05). Conclusion:Integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine based on the concept of ERAS can mitigate postoperative pain, reduce perioperative complications, and promote the recovery of knee joint function, and thereby deserves clinical application.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To measure the space of motion of index finger with and without injury, to apply it in rehabilitation. Methods:Thirty healthy undergraduate volunteers (controls) and three undergraduate volunteers with recent index finger injury (patients) were asked to flex, extend, adduct, abduct and ring the index finger independently and combined with middle finger, twice for a motion with an interval of 30 seconds. The index finger movement trajectory was recorded with a high-definition camera, and analyzed the range of flexion, extension, adduction, abduction and ring rotation motion with MATLAB. The movement space and defect of the injured fingers were drawn. Results:The ranges of independent flexion-extension and adduction-abduction reduced 26.5% and 24.6% in the patients compared with those of the controls, respectively. The defects of ring rotation space were very different with the degrees of recovery, and the maximum loss happened on 160°, 70° and 170°. Conclusion:Loss in index fingers motion space in range and direction may help for rehabilitation assessment.

20.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E189-E194, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904385

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the influence of dynamic fixation (rotating and sliding pedicle screws) on stability of the atlantoaxial joint. Methods A series of in vitro biomechanical tests were performed using six fresh adult cervical spines (occipital bone-C4 segment) to simulate different conditions in surgery, including the intact state, the injury state, rigid fixation, rotating pedicle screw fixation, sliding pedicle screw fixation. The repeated measurement design was employed, and under intact, injury and different fixation states, the pure moment of 1.5 N·m in flexion-extension, left-right lateral bending, left-right axial rotation directions were applied using the spinal testing machine. The movement of atlantoaxial spine was measured consecutively by three-dimensional (3D) measurement system in order to analyze the range of motion (ROM) and neutral zone (NZ) of atlantoaxial joints. Results Under injury state, ROM of atlantoaxial joints was significantly larger than that under intact state during flexion, extension, lateral bending and rotation, leading to the instability of atlantoaxial joints. ROM of fixation segments was significantly reduced during flexion, extension, lateral bending and rotation after rigid and dynamic fixation. Compared with rigid fixation, dynamic fixation showed a significant ROM increase during lateral bending. NZs of fixation segments after dynamic fixation were significantly reduced. There were no significant ROM differences between rigid fixation and dynamic fixation. Conclusions The stability of atlantoaxial joints by dynamic fixation during flexion, extension and rotation was comparable to that by rigid fixation, but weaker during lateral bending. Dynamic screw fixation can maintain the relative stability of atlantoaxial joints.

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