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2.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 214-225, 20220316. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362926

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El trasplante renal es el tratamiento de elección para la enfermedad renal crónica. Debido a la brecha con la disponibilidad de donantes, el uso de criterios expandidos es una opción que busca mejorar la tasa de donación mundial. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la sobrevida del injerto y del paciente trasplantado con donante de criterios expandidos versus el donante estándar. Métodos. Cohorte retrospectiva de 1002 pacientes con trasplante renal donde se determinó la sobrevida del injerto renal y del receptor a 10 años después del trasplante. La sobrevida del injerto renal y el receptor fueron estimadas por el método de Kaplan-Meier. Una regresión de Cox fue realizada ajustando el modelo multivariado.Resultados. El análisis incluyó 1002 receptores, con un 18,8 % (n=189) que correspondían al uso de donante de criterios expandidos. El grupo de trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos tuvo menor sobrevida del paciente (48,1 % versus 63,8 %) y del injerto (63,3 % versus 74,7 %) en comparación con el grupo de trasplante renal con donantes con criterios estándar a los 10 años después del trasplante. La asociación de trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos y muerte o pérdida del injerto renal no fueron significativas cuando se ajustaron las variables en el modelo multivariado. Conclusión. El trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos tiene menor sobrevida del receptor y del injerto frente al grupo de trasplante renal con donante estándar. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas en cuanto al trasplante renal con donante de criterios expandidos frente a la pérdida del injerto renal o muerte.


Introduction. Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for chronic kidney disease. Due to the gap with donor availability, the use of expanded criteria is an option that seeks to improve the global donation rate. The objective of this study was to compare the survival of the graft and the transplanted patient with an expanded criteria donor versus the standard donor. Methods. Retrospective cohort of 1002 kidney transplant patients where survival of the kidney graft and the recipient was determined at 10 years after transplantation. The survival of the kidney graft and the recipient were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. A Cox regression was performed by fitting the multivariate model. Results. The analysis included 1002 recipients with 18.8% (n=189) corresponding to the use of an expanded criteria donor. The expanded criteria donor kidney transplant group had lower patient (48.1% versus 63.8%) and graft (63.3% versus 74.7%) survival compared to the donor kidney transplant group with standard criteria at 10 years post-transplant. The association of kidney transplantation with expanded criteria donor and death or loss of the kidney graft were not significant when the variables were adjusted in the multivariate model. Conclusion. Kidney transplantation with an expanded criteria donor has a lower recipient and graft survival compared to the standard kidney transplant group. There were no statistically significant differences in expanded criteria donor kidney transplantation versus kidney graft loss or death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Graft Survival , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Donor Selection , Transplant Donor Site , Graft Rejection
3.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0021, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365728

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Este artigo descreve dois casos de reação imunológica de rejeição de transplante penetrante após a aplicação de dois tipos de vacina contra a COVID-19 - CoronaVac (Sinopharm/Butantan) e MRNA BNT162&2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) - com intervalo de 1 e 10 dias, respectivamente. A rejeição se manifestou com hiperemia, edema corneano e embaçamento da visão, que responderam rapidamente ao uso de corticoide tópico e subconjuntival. Até onde sabemos, este é o primeiro relato de rejeição de transplante penetrante de córnea pós-vacina anti-COVID-19. Recomendamos, presentemente, como prevenção, colírio de prednisolona a 1% 4 dias antes e durante 2 semanas após receber qualquer tipo de vacina para a COVID-19.


ABSTRACT This paper describes two cases of allograft corneal transplant rejection after the application of two types of COVID-19 vaccines - Coronavac (Sinopharm/Butantan) and MRNA BNT162&2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) vaccines - with an interval of 1 to 10 days, respectively. The rejection manifested in the form of corneal edema, hyperemia and blurred vision, which responded rapidly to the use of topical and subconjunctival corticosteroid. As far as we know, this is the first published report of immunological rejection of penetrating corneal transplant after COVID-19 vaccination. As a preventative measure, we now recommend the use of 1% prednisolone eye drop 4 days before and during 2 weeks after having received any type of COVID-19 vaccine.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Keratoplasty, Penetrating/adverse effects , Vaccination/adverse effects , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Graft Rejection/etiology , Ophthalmic Solutions , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Visual Acuity , Corneal Transplantation/adverse effects , Slit Lamp Microscopy , COVID-19 , Graft Rejection/diagnosis , Graft Rejection/prevention & control , Graft Rejection/drug therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936353

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of AZD2014, a dual mTORC1/2 inhibitor, against acute graft rejection in a rat model of allogeneic liver transplantation.@*METHODS@#Liver transplantation from Lewis rat to recipient BN rat (a donor-recipient combination that was prone to induce acute graft rejection) was performed using Kamada's two-cuff technique. The recipient BN rats were randomized into 2 groups for treatment with daily intraperitoneal injection of AZD2014 (5 mg/kg, n=4) or vehicle (2.5 mL/kg, n=4) for 14 consecutive days, starting from the first day after the transplantation. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and total bilirubin (TBIL) levels of the rats were measured 3 days before and at 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 days after the transplantation, and the survival time of the rats within 14 days were recorded. Immunohistochemical staining was used to examine the expressions of CD3 and Foxp3 in the liver graft, and acute graft rejection was assessed using HE staining based on the Banff schema.@*RESULTS@#Three rats in the control group died within 14 days after the surgery, while no death occurred in the AZD2014 group, demonstrating a significantly longer survival time of the rats in AZD2014 group (χ2=4.213, P=0.04). Serum ALT, AST and TBIL levels in the control group increased progressively after the surgery and were all significantly higher than those in AZD2014 group at the same time point (P < 0.05). Pathological examination revealed significantly worse liver graft rejection in the control group than in AZD2014 group based on assessment of the rejection index (P < 0.01); the rats in the control group showed more serious T lymphocyte infiltration and significantly fewer Treg cells in the liver graft than those in AZD2014 group (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AZD2014 can effectively inhibit acute graft rejection in rats with allogeneic liver transplantation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzamides , Graft Rejection/prevention & control , Graft Survival , Liver/pathology , Liver Transplantation , Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 , Morpholines , Pyrimidines , Rats , Rats, Inbred Lew
5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 19-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907028

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the quantity of lung transplantation has been gradually increased in China along with the accumulation of surgical techniques and postoperative management experience of lung transplantation. Multiple lung allograft complications may occur after lung transplantation, mainly including primary graft dysfunction (PGD) caused by ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) of the lung allograft, acute and chronic rejection, opportunistic infection or lymphoproliferative disorder of lymphoid tissues induced by the decrease of host immunity due to postoperative use of immunosuppressants, etc. The diagnosis of complications after lung transplantation mainly relies on biopsy of the lung allograft. In this article, the brief history of lung allograft pathology, main approaches and pathological processing techniques of lung allograft biopsy, major complications after lung transplantation and pathological diagnostic criteria were elucidated, aiming to provide reference for targeted management of these complications in clinical practice.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 176-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920847

ABSTRACT

Pancreas transplantation and pancreas-kidney transplantation are the optimal treatment for renal failure caused by type 1 diabetes mellitus, partial type 2 diabetes mellitus and their complications. Pancreas transplantation mainly includes simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPK), pancreas transplantation after kidney transplantation (PAK) and pancreas transplantation alone (PTA). Among all types of pancreas transplantation, biopsy of pancreas allograft remains the best method for definitively diagnosing rejection and differentiate it from other complications. In this article, biopsy methods of pancreas allograft and related research progress, diagnostic criteria and research progress on rejection of pancreas allograft biopsy, and main complications and pathological manifestations of pancreas allograft were illustrated, aiming to provide reference for guiding the clinical diagnosis of the above mentioned complications and ensuring the long-term survival of pancreas allografts and recipients.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 666-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941490

ABSTRACT

Rejection has constantly been an unresolved challenge in the field of organ transplantation. The research on the mechanism of rejection plays a significant role in improving the efficacy of organ transplantation and enhancing the survival rate of graft. The innate and specific immune responses of the human body jointly participate in the graft rejection, leading to graft injury. In recent years, multiple researchers have conducted in-depth studies on the mechanism underlying the role of microRNA (miR) in regulating rejection. Among them, miR-155 has been widely considered as a key factor involved in immune regulation. The expression level and functional status of miR-155 may be intimately associated with the occurrence of rejection, which may become a new target for overcoming rejection. In this article, relevant studies on the role of miR-155 in regulating key immune cells in innate and specific immune responses were reviewed, aiming to provide novel ideas for the development of new immunosuppressants and rejection therapy.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 530-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934776

ABSTRACT

Rejection after lung transplantation, including acute rejection (AR) and chronic rejection manifested with chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD), is the main factor affecting the long-term survival of allografts. Exosome, a type of extracellular nanovesicle for intercellular communication among eukaryotic cells, could carry complex biological information and participate in various physiological and pathological processes. Exosome has become a critical immune medium in rejection, regulates the incidence and development of rejection through multiple pathways, and also plays a key role in the monitoring and management of rejection. In this article, the type of rejection after lung transplantation, the mechanism underlying the role of exosome in regulating rejection, exosome acting as biomarkers and the application in rejection treatment were reviewed, aiming to provide a novel direction for comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of rejection following lung transplantation.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 516-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934774

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the treatment on de novo donor specific antibody (dnDSA) mediated acute rejection after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 1 recipient with antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) early after lung transplantation was retrospectively analyzed. The process of diagnosis and treatment were assessed. Results The recipient underwent right lung transplantation due to systemic sclerosis-associated end-stage interstitial lung disease. Preoperatively, classⅠ panel reactive antibody (PRA) was positive (11%). No pretreatment was given before transplantation. Antithymocyte globulin induction therapy was delivered on the day of transplantation and postoperatively. The recipient was properly recovered early after transplantation. Chest tightness and shortness of breath occurred at postoperative 13 d, which were progressively worsened and rapidly progressed into type Ⅰ respiratory failure. Class Ⅰ PRA was increased to 58%, and dnDSA was observed at the loci of A24: 02. The mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) was 2 110. According to the guidelines of International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation, the recipient was diagnosed as possible AMR. After comprehensive treatment including plasmapheresis, protein A immunoadsorption, glucocorticoid pulse, rituximab and immunoglobulin intravenous drip, the PRA and DSA levels were gradually decreased, and the MFI of DSA was 0 at postoperative 20 d. Clinical condition of the recipient was gradually improved. The dyspnea was healed, shortness of breath was eased, respiratory failure was treated, and pulmonary effusion was gradually absorbed. At postoperative 45 d, the recipient was discharged after full recovery. During 1-year follow-up, the recipient was physically stable and obtained normal quality of life. Class Ⅰ PRA was 5%, and class Ⅱ PRA was negative. No DSA was noted. Conclusions Based on traditional drug therapy, supplement of protein A immunoadsorption therapy may effectively eliminate DSA from the circulating blood of the recipient and mitigate the damage of target organs. Ideal short- and long-term prognosis may be achieved. Traditional drug therapy combined with immunoadsorption may yield ideal efficacy in treating AMR after lung transplantation.

10.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 509-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934773

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the changes and significance of lymphocyte subsets in the recipients with acute rejection after liver transplantation. Methods The recipients presenting with acute rejection after liver transplantation were assigned into the rejection group (n=17), and their counterparts with stable liver function were allocated into the control group (n=17) according to the ratio of 1∶1 by propensity score matching method. The incidence of acute rejection after liver transplantation was analyzed, and the concentration of tacrolimus in the recipients was compared between two groups. The absolute value and proportion of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood were compared between two groups. The diagnostic value of lymphocyte subsets for acute rejection after liver transplantation was assessed by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The absolute value and proportion of lymphocyte subsets in the rejection group were compared before and after treatment. Results Among 17 recipients in the rejection group, 4 cases developed acute rejection within postoperative 28 d, and 13 cases had acute rejection within postoperative 29-180 d. No significant difference was noted in the tacrolimus concentration between two groups (P=0.295). Compared with the control group, the proportions of peripheral blood T cells, CD4+T cells, B cells and natural killer (NK) T cells were significantly increased in the rejection group (all P < 0.05). The elevated proportion of NKT cells in the early stage after liver transplantation was an independent risk factor for acute rejection following liver transplantation[odds ratio (OR) 1.774, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.059-2.971, P=0.029]. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under curve (AUC) of CD4+T cells, B cells and NKT cells was 0.76, 0.73 and 0.77, respectively. The AUC of combined use of CD4+T cells, B cells and NKT cells was 0.89, with a cut-off value of 0.69, sensitivity of 0.706 and specificity of 0.941. After corresponding treatment, all recipients were gradually recovered, and liver functions were eventually restored to normal in the rejection group. After treatment, the proportion of T cells, CD4+T cells, CD8+T cells and NK cells was significantly decreased (all P < 0.05). Conclusions The elevated proportion of NKT cells indicates an increased risk of acute rejection after liver transplantation. Combined use of CD4+T cells, B cells and NKT cells may deliver early detection and diagnosis of acute rejection after liver transplantation.

11.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 495-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934771

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of basiliximab (BAS) and antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in immune induction therapy in kidney transplantation by systematic review and Meta-analysis. Methods Prospective randomized controlled clinical trials screening and comparing BAS and ATG in immune induction therapy in kidney transplantation were systematically searched from global databases, screened and compared. The quality of clinical trials was evaluated by Jadad scoring system and data extraction was performed. The effects of BAS and ATG on the incidence of acute rejection, survival rate of kidney allografts, survival rate of recipients, incidence of delayed graft function, infection, cytomegalovirus infection, malignant tumor, leukopenia and thrombocytopenia at 1 year after kidney transplantation were analyzed. Results A total of 10 clinical trials in English consisting of 1 721 kidney transplant recipients were searched, including 883 cases in the ATG group and 838 cases in the BAS group. No significant differences were observed in the incidence of acute rejection, survival rate of kidney allografts, survival rate of recipients, incidence of delayed graft function, infection, cytomegalovirus infection and thrombocytopenia at postoperative 1 year between the ATG and BAS groups (all P > 0.05). The incidence of malignant tumor and leukopenia at postoperative 1 year in the ATG group were significantly higher than those in the BAS group (both P < 0.05). Conclusions The use of ATG and BAS for immune induction therapy in kidney transplantation yield equivalent efficacy at postoperative 1 year, but BAS is safer than ATG. Clinical trials related to stratified analyses of immune risk are urgently required to achieve individualized precision treatment.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 455-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934765

ABSTRACT

Early diagnosis and treatment of rejection after kidney transplantation play a critical role in alleviating allograft injury. Detection of donor-derived cell-free DNA (dd-cfDNA) could be performed based on the next-generation sequencing and other techniques. The content of DNA fragments derived from necrotic and apoptotic donor kidney tissues in circulating body fluids could be determined by concentration and absolute quantitative methods, which has application potential in monitoring allograft injury in clinical practice. Compared with traditional serum creatinine and other indicators, dd-cfDNA detection may monitor allograft injury from several weeks to months in advance, providing a "time window" for clinical treatment and delaying graft failure. Along with deepening research of dd-cfDNA in recent years, dd-cfDNA has captivated widespread attention due to its non-invasiveness, high sensitivity and real-time evaluation of therapeutic effect. In this article, current study evidence and conclusions related to multidimensional application of dd-cfDNA detection in diagnosis and treatment of kidney transplantation were reviewed, and the future research and clinical application direction of dd-cfDNA were discussed, aiming to provide reference for widespread application of dd-cfDNA detection in clinical practice in China.

13.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 434-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934762

ABSTRACT

Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are prone to renal insufficiency, which may progress into end-stage renal disease (ESRD). HIV infection has been previously considered as an absolute contraindication of transplantation. The lives of HIV-positive ESRD patients can only maintained through dialysis. With the development of medicine, transplantation practitioners at home and abroad attempt to perform kidney transplantation in HIV-positive patients. Whether kidney transplantation is feasible for HIV-positive patients, whether HIV-positive donor kidneys can be used for transplantation, and the efficacy of kidney transplantation for HIV-positive patients has always been hot topics in the field of transplantation. In this article, HIV-associated nephropathy, the conditions of kidney transplantation for HIV-positive patients, the efficacy of kidney transplantation for HIV-positive patients, use of HIV-positive donor kidneys, use of immune-inducing drugs and postoperative use of immunosuppressants for HIV-positive patients were illustrated, aiming to provide reference for kidney transplantation for HIV-positive patients in clinical practice, application of HIV-positive donor kidneys and postoperative management of HIV-positive patients.

14.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 425-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934761

ABSTRACT

Composite tissue allotransplantation (CTA) is a novel transplantation discipline to treat functional tissue or limb defects. Since a majority of CTA grafts were vascularized grafts, it is also known as vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA). The grafts of CTA/VCA consist of two or more types of allogeneic skin, subcutaneous tissue, bone, muscle, nerve and vessel, etc. Most of CTA/VCA grafts contain skin tissues, which possess the highest antigenicity. Acute rejection after transplantation is the primary obstacle leading to CTA/VCA graft failure and primary graft dysfunction. Hence, histopathological characteristics of skin rejection in CTA/VCA grafts have become the primary hotspot. In this article, pathological features of CTA/VCA rejection, Banff classification in 2007 and related research progress were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of rejection and other complications of CTA/VCA.

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 411-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934759

ABSTRACT

The shortage of donors restricts the development of organ transplantation. Xenotransplantation might act as an effective approach to resolve this problem. With the advancement of genome editing technologies as well as research and development of novel immunosuppressant, lots of breakthroughs have been achieved in the field of xenotransplantation. Nevertheless, a majority of researches are still in the preclinical stage. Recently, the success of the world's first genetically engineered pig-to-human heart transplantation has greatly inspired researchers. However, clinical xenotransplantation still faces an array of problems, including counteracting rejection, controlling inflammation, regulating coagulation disorder, improving physiological compatibility of xenografts, paying attention to the risk of interspecific infection, optimizing immunosuppressive regimen, screening donor genome editing types, selecting suitable recipients, modifying xenotransplantation guidelines, and awareness of public recognition, etc. In this article, these 10 problems were summarized, aiming to provide reference for promoting the clinical application of xenotransplantation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 32-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933843

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of detecting plasma donor-derived free DNA (dd-cfDNA) fraction in distinguishing antibody mediated-rejection (ABMR) and T cell-mediated rejection (TCMR) of renal allografts.Methods:Patients with acute rejection confirmed by allograft biopsy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Zhejiang University from December 1, 2017 to July 18, 2019 were retrospectively included. Based on pathological classification of Banff renal allograft rejection in 2017, the patients were divided into ABMR group and TCMR group, and the latter was subdivided into TCMR Ⅰ subgroup and TCMR Ⅱ subgroup. The second generation sequencing and target region capture were used to detect candidates' peripheral blood dd-cfDNA. The demographic and clinicopathological data of the two groups were compared. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the differential value of plasma dd-cfDNA and serum creatinine levels in two kinds of acute renal allograft rejection.Results:A total of 60 patients with acute rejection of renal transplantation were enrolled in this study, including 42 patients in TCMR group and 18 patients in ABMR group. The plasma dd-cfDNA percentage (%) in the ABMR group was significantly higher than that in the TCMR group [2.33(1.19, 4.30)% vs 0.98(0.50, 1.82)%, P=0.001]. The absolute value of dd-cfDNA in ABMR group was obviously higher than that in TCMR group [0.94(0.60, 2.27) ng/ml vs 0.43(0.20, 0.96) ng/ml, P=0.003]. ROC analysis to discriminate TCMR from ABMR showed that, the area under the curve ( AUC) of dd-cfDNA% was 0.76(95% CI 0.64-0.88), when the threshold was 1.11%, the sensitivity and specificity were 88.89% and 59.52%, respectively; the AUC of absolute value of dd-cfDNA was 0.74(95% CI 0.61-0.86), when the threshold was 0.53 ng/ml, the sensitivity was 88.89% and the specificity was 54.76%. TCMR subgroups were further analyzed, there was no significant difference between TCMR subgroups on the absolute value and percentage of dd-cfDNA (both P>0.05); dd-cfDNA% in ABMR group was apparently higher than that in TCMRⅠ subgroups ( P=0.008) and TCMRⅡsubgroup ( P=0.030). The absolute value of dd-cfDNA in ABMR group was significantly higher than that in TCMRⅠsubgroups ( P=0.003). Conclusion:Plasma dd-cfDNA level may help to distinguish between ABMR and TCMR rejection.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933685

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical applications and therapeutic outcomes of immune checkpoint inhibitors(ICIs)on liver transplantation(LT)recipients after tumor development.Methods:Eight databases including PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, CQVIP, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Google scholar were accessed for searching the relevant literature articles in both Chinese and English from the establishment of databases to December 31, 2021. Disease response, adverse reactions and prognoses of patients with malignant tumors after LT and receiving ICIs were analyzed.Results:The patient was diagnosed as chronic rejection plus drug-induced liver injury by liver biopsy. After intermittent treatment with DPMAS plus plasma exchange and immunosuppressants, he finally died of tumor recurrence at 37 months after LT. After screening, a total of 28 articles on the application of ICIs after LT were retrieved. In these articles, there were 47 patients(37 males and 10 females)with a median age of 57(14-71)years and the predominant type of tumor after LT was hepatocellular carcinoma(28/47, 59.6%), followed by malignant melanoma in 11 cases (23.4%), non-small cell lung cancer in 3 cases(6.4%), colorectal cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and post transplant lymphoproliferative disease(PTLD) in 1 case(2.1%). The overall remission rate after ICI treatment was 29.8%(14/47)and the disease progression rate 68.1%(32/47). Among them, 31.9%(15/47)had immune rejection. Case fatality rate was 61.7%(29/47)and median survival time 6.5(0.3-48.0)months.Conclusions:Depending on existing publications, among those LT recipients with malignant tumors treated by ICIs, the rate of graft rejection and patient mortality are higher. ICIs should be carefully considered for LT patients and further researches are required.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of pre-transplant immunotherapy on the prognosis of transplant recipients with hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC).Methods:From June 2018 to September 2021, retrospective analysis was conducted for clinical data of 19 HCC-liver transplant recipients receiving pre-transplant immunotherapy in affiliated Huashan Hospital of Fudan University. Pre-transplant immunotherapy regimen, adverse reactions, post-transplant acute rejection, tumor recurrence and metastasis and other complications were recorded. According to the preoperative tumor imaging and the changes of alpha-fetoprotein level, tumor change during recipient waiting period was judged by the mRECIST standard. According to whether or not there was partial tumor remission, they were divided into two groups of non-remission( n=13)and remission( n=6). Postoperative conditions of two groups were compared. Kaplan-Meier method was used for calculating the survival rate of recipients after transplantation and survival curve and Log-rank test utilized for comparing the recurrence-free and overall survival rates of recipients at 1 and 2 years post-operation. Results:A total of 19 liver transplant recipients received immunotherapy plus targeted and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) before transplant. In non-remission group, tumor was stable( n=9)and progressive( n=4); 6 cases in remission group had tumor partial remission. Two recipients in non-remission group were pathologically confirmed by liver biopsy to have acute rejection(2/19, 10.5%)and both recovered after glucocorticoid + rATG and glucocorticoid therapy. In non-remission group, 2 patients died from septic shock post-operation. Among 3 patients of tumor recurrence and metastasis post-operation, 2 cases survived with tumor and 1 died after tumor recurrence and metastasis. In remission group( n=6), none had postoperative tumor recurrence and metastasis. The recurrence-free survival rates of non-remission group recipients at 1 and 2 years post-operation were 76.9% and 76.9% and recurrence-free survival rates in remission group were 100% and 100% respectively and inter-group difference in RFS was not statistically significant( χ2=1.468, P=0.226). The overall survival rates of recipients in non-remission group at 1 and 2 years post-operation were 76.9% and 76.9% respectively. And recipients in remission group were 100% and 100% respectively and no statistically significant inter-group difference existed in OS( χ2=1.292, P=0.256). Conclusions:Without a significantly higher risk of acute rejection after transplant, immunotherapy may be an effective option for bridging treatment before liver transplantation for HCC. And it remains necessary to expand the sample size for verifications and supports.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933666

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features, etiologies and outcomes of unknown origin fever after simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation(SPK).Methods:From March 2015 to January 2020, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 120 SPK recipients.According to the definite evidence of fever, such as microbial culture, imaging findings or rejection, they were divided into three groups of free-fever(FF, n=41)and defined-fever(DF, n=47)and fever of unknown origin(FUO, n=32). The differences in general clinical features, surgical complications, laboratory tests and prognoses were compared.Logistic regression was employed for analyzing the risk factors of FUO and Kapla-Meier for survival analysis.And P<0.05 was deemed as statistically significant. Results:Multivariate analysis revealed that preoperative diabetic gastroenteropathy was an independent risk factor for unexplained fever.Significant differences existed between FUO and DF groups in leucocyte count[6.50(5.13, 7.36)vs.10.36(6.11, 12.97)×10 9/L], C-reactive protein(CRP)[11.75(6.25, 16.85)vs.35.00(16.30, 75.00)μg/ml], procalcitonin[0.13(0.06, 0.18)vs.0.19(0.11, 1.05)ng/ml]( P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.025). As compared with DF group, 19 recipients in FUO group only received 1-2 antibiotics and there was a shorter course of treatment[13(40.6%)vs.32(68.1%), P=0.016]. For 6(18.7%)recipients after a diagnosis of FUO, clinical outcome was achieved with only NSAIDs.Length of stay was(48.72±19.51)days in FUO group versus(57.36±27.46)days in DF group and the difference was statistically significant( P<0.001). Hospitalization expenses of two groups were 253 463.25 and 334 605.96 yuan respectively and the difference was also statistically significant( P=0.002). Conclusions:Diabetic gastroenteropathy is an independent risk factor for early FUO after SPK transplantation.Inflammatory markers of leukocytes, CRP and procalcitonin in FUO patients are significantly lower than DF group.And these clinical features can help diagnose FUO in an early stage.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932764

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) modified bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) combined with normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) on the intestinal barrier function in rats with acute rejection of liver transplantation.Methods:Specific pathogen free 2 male Brown Norway (BN) rats (4-5 weeks, 40-60 g) were used to isolat BMMSCs, and HO-1 was infected by adenovirus. Of 24 male Lewis rats (7-8 weeks old, 200-220g) were used as donors, 30 male BN rats (8-9 weeks old, 220-240 g) were used as recipients. Acute rejection models of orthotopic liver transplantation were established in rats using two cuff technique. BN recipient rats were randomly divided into five groups: sham group, abdomen of the mice was open and closed within 30 min; NMP livers were simply mechanically perfused for 4 h; the BMP group were perfused with BMMSCs through the portal vein; the HBP group were perfused with HO-1/BMMSCs through the portal vein; the FK506 livers were mechanically perfused for 4 h and administered intragastrically of tacrolimus daily following surgery, 6 per group, on days 14 after surgery, the relevant indicators were taken and the rejection activity index (RAI) changes were investigated. The changes of intestinal pathological were analyzed by HE staining and transmission electron microscope, the expression levels of zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and occludin protein in intestinal tissue were detected by Western blotting, the concentrations of lipopolysaccharide, D-lactic acid and diamine oxidase (DAO) in serum were detected by ELISA.Results:The RAI of HBP group (2.80±0.84) and FK506 group (2.20±0.84) were significantly lower than that of NMP group (7.60±1.14) and BMP group (6.00±1.58), the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The intestinal villi in NMP group were significantly sparse, wrinkled and disorderly arranged while the degree of intestinal injury in BMP group, HBP group and FK506 group were more mitigated. Electron microscope observation showed that the microvilli of intestinal epithelial cells in HBP group were rich and orderly, and the tight junction structure between cells was complete. The protein expression levels of ZO-1 and Occludin in the intestinal tissues of HBP group [(0.87±0.06) (1.28±0.26)] were higher than those of NMP group [(0.41±0.12) (0.27±0.18)] and FK506 group [(0.52±0.15) (0.63±0.22)], the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The concentration of lipopolysaccharide, D-lactic acid and DAO in serum of HBP group was lower than those of NMP group and FK506 group, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusion:HO-1/BMMSCs combined with NMP protects the intestinal mucosal barrier function of BN rats with acute rejection after liver transplantation.

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