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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-525278


ObjectiveTo discuss the diagnosis and treatment of rupture of spleen in a base-level hospital with limited conditions. MethodsThe clinical data, diagnosis of bleeding by ultrasound, and results of (nonoperative) and operative treatment of 317 patients with rupture of spleen in Vila Central Hospital of the (Republic) of Vanuatu were retrospectively analyzed. ResultsUltrasound diagnosed 30 patients with (subcapsular) hemorrhage and 287 patients with true rupture of spleen. Based on ultrasound results, (conservative) treatment was used for 29 patients and 288 patients underwent operation. Conclusions(Ultrasonography) had a high positive diagnostic rate for rupture of spleen, and the diagnosis of bleeding volume was consistent with the findings at operation. The findings on ultrasonography can be considered in selection of cases with appropriate indications for splenectomy. Ultrasonography is an effective method for use in the (treatment) of rupture of spleen.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523005


Objective To summarize our experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of traumatic splenic rupture (TSR), in order to improve the diagnosis and treatment effect of TSR. Methods Retrospective (analysis) of the diagnosis and treatment of 184 patients with traumatic splenic rupture in recent 9 years was made. Results The preoperative correct diagnosis rate was 96.7% and was established on the history of (injury), clinical presentation, abdominal paracentesis, abdominal ultrasonography and CT. All the 34 of (patients) treated nonoperatively were cured. Of the 150 patients treated by operation, two died during operation and 148 patients were cured. Conclusions Combination of obtaining a detailed history of injury, physical examination, abdominal paracentesis, abdominal ultrasonography and CT can improve the accuracy rate of (preoperative) diagnosis.Under the ensurrance of the safety of the patients' life, preservation of the spleen should be performed if possible, especially for children. Both splenorrhaphy with or without ligation of splenic artery are simple, safe and effective methods to salvage the spleen.