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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-96782

ABSTRACT

An indirect porcine epidemic diarrhea (PED) virus (PEDV) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was compared with the serum neutralization (SN) test by testing 46 samples from experimentally infected sows, 73 samples from naive sows, and 1, 024 field sow samples from 48 commercial swine farms of undefined PED status. The SN test and the ELISA were performed using PEDV, KPEDV-9 strain. Viral proteins as a coating antigen of PEDV ELISA were extracted from the cytoplasm of PEDV-infected Vero cells using a non-ionic detergent, Triton X-100, and a simple protocol of PEDV ELISA was followed. The presence of antibodies in these experimental samples was confirmed by SN and ELISA in which the sensitivity of the ELISA was 89.1%, and the corresponding specificity was 94.5%. On testing 1, 024 field samples, an overall agreement of 84.2% was generated between the SN and ELISA. This study demonstrates that the PEDV ELISA is a useful serodiagnostic screening test at herd level for detecting swine antibodies against PEDV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Diarrhea/diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Neutralization Tests/veterinary , Sensitivity and Specificity , Swine , Swine Diseases/diagnosis
2.
Ciênc. rural ; 25(3): 421-424, 1995. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-529521

ABSTRACT

A presença de anticorpos neutralizantes contra o BHV-1, foi pesquisada pelo teste de soroneutralização (SN) em 2.341 soros, dos quais 747 apresentaram resultado positivo, representando 31,9 por cento de bovinos infectados pelo BHV-1. Os soros foram enviados de 112 propriedades da Região Sul, sendo na maioria rebanhos de gado de corte com problemas reprodutivos. Foram detectados bovinos sorologicamente positivos em 80 propriedades, representando 71,3 por cento, demonstrando a expressiva disseminação do vírus nos rebanhos desta região.


Serum antibodies against BHV-1 were studied, by the serum neutralization test, in cattle from Southem Brazil. Samples were collected from 2341 cattie from 112 farms that had reprodution problems. Positive results were obtained in 747 (31.9) cattie from 80 (71.31 percent) farms, given evidence of the expressivo vírus dissemination in cattie from this region.

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