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1.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365238

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To verify the association between impacts produced by tooth loss and sociodemographic variables in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in the elderly. Material and Methods: This is an analytical cross-sectional study carried out in the municipality of Vitória/ES, Brazil, which sample was composed of 402 older adults. The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) was used to measure the individuals' OHRQoL. For data analysis, descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed using the Fisher's exact test and the Mantel-Haenzsel test to assess the effects of combined dimensions. The significance level adopted was 5%. To assess the strength of association between independent variables and dimensions, Odds-Ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated. Results: The prevalence of negative impact on OHRQoL in the elderly was 32.6%. The greatest impact perception was found in individuals with up to 10 years of schooling (p=0.021 and OR=1.602), with need for removable partial dentures (p=0.000 and OR=2.873) and those who did not accept the loss of dental elements (p=0.000 and OR=3.064). Conclusion: Older female adults with socioeconomic class C/D-E, with up to 10 years of schooling, who lost 11 or more teeth, who declared the need for removable partial dentures, suffered greater impacts caused by tooth loss on OHRQoL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life/psychology , Aged , Oral Health/education , Dental Care for Aged , Tooth Loss/pathology , Sickness Impact Profile , Social Class , Brazil/epidemiology , Demography , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Mouth, Edentulous , Denture, Partial, Removable
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(1): e25682, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1349016

ABSTRACT

Introdução:O vírus da imunodeficiência Humana e a Síndrome daImunodeficiência Adquirida (HIV/Aids) ainda é expressivamente presente em grupos que sofrem de vulnerabilidades sociais, sendo umdesafio ainda não superado, principalmente no que diz respeito ao desempenho de ações de saúde e por parte dos gestores no sentidoda realização de prevenções amplas, baseadas nos contextos epidemiológicos das comunidades, cabendo também considerar os problemasde estrutura da rede de saúde para com o manejo diagnóstico, contextos de desigualdade e gênero que são as principais influencias para o desenvolvimento da doença.Objetivo:observar por meio de indicadores o panorama da situação do HIV/Aids no Piauí no ano de 2019. Metodologia:Estudo epidemiológico realizado através da plataforma do Departamento de informática do Sistema Único de Saúde. Foram consultadosdados referentes ao período de 2019do Estado do Piauí. Utilizou-se os indicadores de incidência, sexo, raça/cor, faixa etária, escolaridade e exposição, com foco nas taxas de incidência, óbitos e letalidade. Os dados foram agrupados e tabulados por meio dos programas Excel e Tabwin, utilizandoo método de análise a técnica de percentagem.Resultados:No período vigente, o Estado apresentou 207 novos casos. A incidência foi de 6,32/100.000 habitantes, tendo maior detecção parao público masculino (73,91%), faixa etária de 30-39 anos, maior predominância da população parda, escolaridade de ensino médio completo e heterossexuais. Quanto a mortalidade, foram notificados134 óbitos por HIV, predominante para o sexo masculino. A Letalidade mostrou que 65% foram realmente afetadas pela doença.Conclusões:O perfil epidemiológico dos casos de HIV/Aids no Piauí foi caracterizado pela prevalência emdeterminados grupos, demonstrando que apesar da existência de políticas públicas que buscam a prevenção da doença, essa realidade ainda é presente nos dias atuais. Ressalta-se a importância da realização de estudos epidemiológicos para comparação e analise situacionais futuras (AU).


Introduction:The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/Aids) is still significantly present in groups that suffer from social vulnerabilities, being a challenge that has not yet been overcome, especially with regard to the performance of health actions and by the managers in the sense of carrying out comprehensive prevention, based on the epidemiological contexts of the communities, and it is also necessary to consider the problems of the structure of the health network in terms of diagnostic management, contexts of inequality and gender, which are the main influences on the development of the disease. Objective: observe through indicators the panorama of the situation of HIV/Aidsin Piauí in theyear 2019. Methodology:Epidemiological study carried out through the platform of the Information Technology Department of the Unified Health System. Data for the period 2019 in the State of Piauí were consulted. Indicators of incidence, sex, race/color, age, education and exposure were used, focusing on incidence rates, deaths and lethality. Data were grouped and tabulated using Excel and Tabwin programs, using the method of analysis and the percentage technique. Results: In the current period, the State presented 207 new cases. The incidence was 6.32/100,000 inhabitants, with greater detection for the male population (73.91%), age group 30-39 years, greater predominance of the brown population, complete high school education and heterosexuals. As for mortality, 134 deaths from HIV were reported, predominantly for males. Lethality showed that 65% were actually affected by the disease.Conclusions: The epidemiological profile of HIV/Aidscases in Piauí was characterized by the prevalence in certain groups, demonstrating that despite the existence of public policies that seek to prevent the disease, this reality is still present today. The importance of conducting epidemiological studies for future situational comparison and analysis is highlighted (AU).


Introducción: El Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humanael Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida (VIH/Sida) sigue estando presente de manera significativa en grupos que padecen vulnerabilidades sociales, siendo un desafío aún no superado, especialmente en lo que respecta al desempeño de las acciones de salud y por el gestores en el sentido de realizar una prevención integral, con base en los contextos epidemiológicos de las comunidades, y también es necesario considerar los problemas de la estructura de la red de salud en términos de gestión diagnóstica, contextos de desigualdad y género, que son los principales influencias en desarrollo deenfermedad. Objetivo: observar indicadores a través del panoramade situación del VIH/Sidaen Piauí en el año 2019. Metodología: Estudio epidemiológico realizado a través de la plataforma del Departamento de Tecnología de la Información del Sistema Único de Salud. Se consultó la fecha para el período 2019 enEstado de Piauí. Se utilizaron indicadores de incidencia, sexo, raza/color, edad, educación y exposición, centrándose en las tasas de incidencia, las muertes y letalidad. Los datos se agruparon, tabularon medianteprogramas Excel y Tabwin, utilizando método de análisis ytécnica de porcentaje. Resultados: Enperíodo actual, el Estado presentó 207 nuevos casos. La incidencia fue de 6,32/100.000 habitantes, con mayor detecciónpara población masculina (73,91%), grupo etario 30-39 años, mayor predominio de la población morena, bachillerato completo y heterosexuales. En cuantola mortalidad, se reportaron 134 muertes por VIH, predominantemente por males. La letalidad mostró que el 65% estaba realmente afectadopor enfermedad. Conclusiones: El perfil epidemiológico delos casos de VIH/Sida en Piauí se caracterizó porprevalencia de ciertos grupos, demostrando que a pesar de la existencia de políticas públicas que buscan prevenir la enfermedad, esta realidad sigue presenteen actualidad. Se destacaimportancia de realizar estudios epidemiológicos para futuros análisis y comparaciones situacionales (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/mortality , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Epidemiologic Studies , Incidence
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1384836

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Esse estudo objetivou avaliar o nível de qualidade de vida entre pacientes do sexo masculino em tratamento quimioterápico. Metodologia: Trata-se de estudo descritivo com abordagem quantitativa, realizado de abril a junho de 2019, no serviço de quimioterapia de um hospital escola da região norte do Ceará. A coleta de dados foi realizada através de questionário sociodemográfico e de instrumento para avaliação da qualidade de vida. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 61 pacientes, com média de idade de 60,29 anos, casados e com baixa escolaridade, cujos domínios de qualidade de vida que apresentaram menores médias de escores foram o físico e autoavaliação da qualidade de vida. Já os domínios melhores avaliados foram o psicológico, relações sociais e meio ambiente. Conclusão: A autoavaliação da qualidade de vida geral dos participantes obteve avaliação relativamente satisfatória, evidenciando-se que os impactos do câncer na qualidade de vida dos pacientes do sexo masculino em tratamento quimioterápico afetam principalmente os aspectos relacionados ao domínio físico, o que demanda a prestação de assistência multiprofissional e de enfermagem integral e holística, que busque mitigar as implicações dessa patologia e melhorar a qualidade de vida dos sujeitos.


Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar el nivel de calidad de vida de los pacientes masculinos sometidos a quimioterapia. Método: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo con abordaje cuantitativo, realizado de abril a junio de 2019, en el servicio de quimioterapia de un hospital universitario de la región norte de Ceará. La recolección de datos se realizó a través de un cuestionario sociodemográfico y un instrumento para evaluar la calidad de vida. Resultados: En el estudio participaron 61 pacientes, con una edad promedio de 60,29 años, casados ​​y con bajo nivel educativo. En los dominios de calidad de vida, las puntuaciones medias más bajas fueron la calidad de vida física y autoevaluada. Los dominios mejor evaluados fueron el psicológico, las relaciones sociales y el medio ambiente. Conclusión: La autoevaluación de la calidad de vida general de los participantes obtuvo una evaluación relativamente satisfactoria, mostrando que los impactos del cáncer en la calidad de vida de los pacientes masculinos sometidos a quimioterapia inciden principalmente en aspectos relacionados con el dominio físico, lo que demanda la prestación de asistencia multiprofesional y de enfermería integral y holística, la cual busca mitigar las implicaciones de esta patología y mejorar la calidad de vida de los sujetos.


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the level of quality of life among male patients undergoing chemotherapy. Method: This a descriptive study with a quantitative approach carried out from April to June 2019, at the chemotherapy service of a teaching hospital in northern Ceará. The data collection was carried out using a sociodemographic questionnaire and an instrument to assess the quality of life. Results: 61 patients participated in the study; they were of an average age of 60.29 years old, married and with low education. The quality of life domains that had lower mean scores were physical and self-rated quality of life. The best assessed domains were psychological, social relationships and the environment. Conclusion: The self-assessment of the general quality of life of the participants obtained a relatively satisfactory evaluation showing that the impact of cancer on the quality of life of male patients undergoing chemotherapy mainly affected aspects related to the physical domain, which demands a multi-professional approach with comprehensive and holistic nursing to mitigate the implications of this pathology and to improve the quality of life of the subjects

4.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 23: 1-8, 2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1253142

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o impacto da valvopatia no cotidiano dos pacientes em pré-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca. Métodos: estudo transversal, observacional, descritivo, com amostra de conveniência. Utilizado o instrumento "Impacto da Doença no Cotidiano do Valvopata", composto por uma questão geral e 14 itens, distribuídos em quatro domínios: "Impacto físico da doença", "Impacto da doença nas atividades cotidianas", "Impacto social e emocional da doença" e "Adaptação à doença". Obtém-se um escore para cada domínio e um escore total, por meio da soma de todos os escores (14 a 350), quanto maior o valor, maior a percepção negativa do impacto. Resultados: participaram do estudo 73 pacientes. O domínio "Impacto da doença nas atividades cotidianas" apresentou a maior média (82,79; DP=21,35), seguido pelo "Impacto social e emocional da doença" (61,24; DP=22,7). A média do escore total foi 210,55 (DP=51,7). Conclusão: os pacientes avaliaram o impacto da valvopatia como negativo no pré-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca.


Objective: to assess the impact of valvular heart disease on the daily life of patients in the preoperative period of heart surgery. Methods: we conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study using consecutive sampling. We used the assessment instrument "Impact of Valvular Heart Disease on the Daily Life of Patients", consisting of 14 items divided into four domains: "Physical impact - symptoms", "Impact on activities of daily living", "Social and emotional impact" and "Adaptation to the disease". Each domain is scored and an overall score is calculated based on the sum of all items, ranging from 14 to 350. The higher the score, the more negative the perceived impact. Results: 73 patients participated in the study. The domain that obtained the highest mean score was "Impact on activities of daily living" (82.79; SD = 21.35), followed by "Social and emotional impact" (61.24; SD = 22.7). The mean overall score was 210.55 (SD = 51.7). Conclusion: the patients rated the impact of valvular heart disease during the preoperative period of heart surgery as negative.


Subject(s)
Sickness Impact Profile , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery , Preoperative Period
5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 819-821, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911527

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate quality of life and its influencing factors among patients with non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) .Methods:From June 2017 to January 2020, demographic, clinical and behavioral data were collected from 153 inpatients with NMSC, who received surgeries in Department of Plastic Surgery, Hospital of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, by using a self-made questionnaire and the dermatology life quality index (DLQI) scale, and DLQI score was calculated to evaluate the quality of life of the patients. Chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and multivariate logistic regression model were used to analyze factors influencing the quality of life of NMSC patients. Results:A total of 146 (95.4%) valid questionnaires were collected. The 146 patients were 31-92 years old, and 101 (69.2%) of them were over 60 years old, and 59 (40.4%) had a history of long-term ultraviolet exposure. There were 66 cases (45.2%) of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) , 57 (39.0%) of invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) , 16 (11.0%) of extramammary Paget disease and 7 (4.8%) of Bowen disease. The median DLQI score ( M[ P25, P75]) was 3 (1, 7) . The quality of life were affected in 99 (67.8%) patients, including 52 (35.6%) mildly affected, and 47 (32.2%) moderately to extremely severely affected. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the skin cancer type, long-term ultraviolet exposure history, and having 3 or more children affected the quality of life of the patients with NMSC. Conclusion:NMSC decrease the quality of life of the patients, and the type of skin cancers, history of long-term ultraviolet exposure and number of children are the factors influencing the quality of life of patients with NMSC.

6.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 10(3): 470-477, ago.2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223953

ABSTRACT

A Paralisia Facial Periférica (PFP) é resultante da disfunção do nervo facial. A incapacidade de mover o rosto tem consequências sociais e funcionais para o paciente. OBJETIVO: Analisar a relação entre comprometimento motor facial e bem estar em pacientes com PFP. MÉTODO: Trata-se de uma pesquisa de caráter descritivo, observacional, do tipo transversal. Os critérios de elegibilidade consistiam em ter diagnóstico de paralisia facial e estar sendo atendido namclínica escola de Fisioterapia da FACISA. A amostra foi constituída porm20 pessoas com PFP. Os pacientes foram avaliados por uma ficha de avaliação sociodemográfica e pelos instrumentos: Escala de HouseBrackmann (HB) e o Índice de Incapacidade Facial (IIF).Utilizou-se o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman para analisar o grau de correlação entre HB, IF e o tempo de lesão. RESULTADOS: Os participantes foram 65% do sexo feminino, a mediana da idade foi de 50,5 anos, o tempo de lesão foi de 3 a 331 dias (mediana 17,5 dias), a etiologia predominante foi idiopática 65%, e ambas hemifaces foram acometidas em igual proporção (50%). Quanto as características clínicas da PFP, o nível de comprometimento motor facial graduado pela escala de HB obteve mediana 4, o IFF-física obteve mediana 60. IFF-função social obteve mediana 38. Nas correlações entre HB, tempo de lesão e IFF, foi observado que os valores obtidos indicaram que não houve correlações estatisticamente significantes. CONCLUSÃO: Mesmo que o nível de comprometimento motor facial esteja acentuado, não houve correlação com o bem-estar dos participantes.


Peripheral Facial Paralysis (PFP) is the result of facial nerve dysfunction. The inability to move the face has social and functional consequences for the patient. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between facial motor impairment and wellbeing in patients with Peripheral Facial Paralysis (PFP). METHOD: This is a descriptive, observational, cross-sectional study. The eligibility criteria consisted of having a diagnosis of facial paralysis and being seen at the FACISA School of Physiotherapy clinic. The sample consisted of 20 people affected by PFP. The patients were evaluated by a socio-demographic data sheet and by the instruments: House-Brackmann Scale (HB) and Facial Impairment Index (IIF). Spearman's correlation coefficient was used to analyze the degree of correlation between HB, IF and injury time. RESULTS: The participants were 65% female, the median age was 50.5 years, the injury time was 3 to 331 days (median 17.5 days), the predominant etiology was idiopathic 65%, and both hemifaces were affected in equal proportion (50%). As for the clinical characteristics of PFP, the level of facial motor impairment graded by the HB scale obtained a median of 4, the IFF-physics obtained a median of 60. IFFsocial function obtained a median of 38. In the correlations between HB, injury time and IFF, it was observed that the values obtained indicated that there were no statistically significant correlations. CONCLUSION: Even though the level of facial motor impairment is marked, there was no correlation with the participants' well-being.


Subject(s)
Facial Paralysis , Facial Nerve
7.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(4): 280-292, ago. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179047

ABSTRACT

Objetive: The objective of this study was to culturally adapt and validate the short version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) instrument into Spanish for use by Paraguayan adults who attended dental clinics. Material and methods: The design was a cross-sectional observational study based on Classical Test Theory (CTT). The original English language version was subjected to a forward-backward translation processes; a calibration of the examiners and pilot test were performed. The questionnaire was applied by dentists through interviews; the same dentists also made the oral examination. The dimensionality of the questionnaire was evaluated using Confirmatory Factorial Analysis (CFA). The total and item-total internal consistencies were evaluated using Cronbach's alpha. To evaluate the discriminating validity, the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests were used. Spearman's correlation analysis was used to measure convergent validity for total-dimension, self-assessment of oral health, and dental caries experience index with the DMFT Index. Results: Three-hundred-thirty-three patients participated in the study. The CFA indicates the Paraguayan's OHIP (OHIP-14Py) is considered a multi-dimensional instrument. The Cronbach's alpha values were appropriate for both the total (α=0.061) and for item total (α=0.80) correlation. The OHIP-14Py discriminated for the variable self-perception of oral health (p=0.001), symptoms of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) (p=0.026), need of upper dental prosthesis (p=0.001), need of lower dental prosthesis (p=0.001), and ≥20 teeth healthy (p=0.001). For measuring convergent validity, all coefficients of correlation were statistically significant (p=0.001). Conclusion: The OHIP-14Py is a reliable and valid questionnaire for the evaluation of oral health-related quality of life in Paraguayan adults.


Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fue adaptar culturalmente y validar el instrumento Perfil de Impacto de Salud Oral (OHIP) en la versión corta de 14 ítems en español, en adultos paraguayos que acudieron a consultorios odontológicos durante el primer trimestre del año 2017. Material y Métodos: El diseño del estudio fue transversal, basado en la Teoría Clásica de los Test (TCT). La versión original en inglés fue sometida al proceso de traducción-retraducción. Se realizó calibración de exa-minadores y prueba piloto. El cuestionario fue aplicado por odontólogos mediante entrevista, quienes además realizaron examen bucal. Se evaluó la dimensionalidad del cuestionario mediante el Análisis Factorial Confirmatorio (AFC). La consistencia interna fue evaluada mediante Alfa de Cronbach (α) para total e ítem-total. Se evaluó la validez discriminante utilizando las pruebas de Mann-Whitney y Kruskal-Wallis, validez convergente utilizando correlación de Spearman para total-dominio, autoevaluación del estado de salud oral e índice de experiencia de caries CPO-D. Resultados: Participaron del estudio 333 pacientes de 18 a 59 años. El AFC se consideró al instrumento multidimensional. Para el total α=0,861 y para correlación ítem-total al suprimir cada elemento α=0,80 siendo todos adecuados. Discriminó para las variables autoevaluación de salud bucal (p=0,001), síntomas de ATM (p=0,026), necesidad de prótesis superior (p=0,001) e inferior (p=0,001) y ≥20 dientes sanos (p=0,001). Todos los coeficientes de correlación de Spearman resultaron estadísticamente significativos con p=0,001. Conclusión: El OHIP-14Py es un cuestionario fiable y válido para la evaluación de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud oral en adultos paraguayos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Paraguay , Self Concept , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Factor Analysis, Statistical
8.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(1): 36-42, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090647

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the QoL of patients undergoing heart valve replacement using the SF-36 questionnaire, compare it between patients with mechanical prosthesis and patients with bioprosthesis, and correlate the results with sociodemographic variables. Objective: To assess the QoL of patients undergoing heart valve replacement and compare it between patients with bioprosthetic valves and patients with mechanical prosthetic valves. Methods: We included 36 consecutive patients (16 men) with a mean age of 51 years and six months, who underwent mitral or aortic valve replacement from September 2007 to December 2011. The study was conducted between March and May 2012 and involved the application of the SF-36 survey and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Statistical tests were performed, and data are expressed as absolute frequency and percentile, and median and interquartile range (P25 and P75) (Mann-Whitney test), considering a significance of 95%. Results: The average time of surgery was 32.5 months (8-61 months). Participants were asked about the practice of physical activity, and 41.7% were physically active. For the SF-36 domains, the highest scores were observed for the social domain whereas the lowest scores were found for mental health, with a mean of 89.25 and 54.44, respectively. In the statistical analysis, we found statistically higher values in emotional functional for patients with mechanical valve prosthesis (p = 0.0084). Conclusion: The QoL of the patients undergoing heart valve replacement improves considerably after the surgery, except for the mental health domain, probably due to the low practice of physical activity. The type of prosthesis seems not to influence the QoL or the patients in the late postoperative period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Bioprosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Aortic Valve/surgery , Postoperative Period , Exercise , Mitral Valve/surgery
9.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 1283-1289, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1140980

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência e o impacto da hiperidrose primária nas atividades e qualidade de vida dos profissionais de enfermagem de um hospital público. Métodos: estudo transversal com 363 profissionais de enfermagem de um Hospital Referência em Urgência e Emergência de Sergipe, Brasil. Utilizou-se questionário de critérios diagnósticos, qualidade de vida e sobre o impacto da hiperidrose primária nas atividades laborais. Resultados: a prevalência da hiperidrose primária foi de 11%, com a piora em situação de estresse em 27 (68%) dos profissionais e três (8%) referiram comprometimento nas atividades diárias. Todas as limitações foram referidas na execução de procedimentos de enfermagem, sendo as mais citadas avaliação escrita por 37 profissionais (93%) e utilização de equipamentos de proteção individual por 31 (79%). Conclusão: a hiperidrose primária teve alta prevalência nos profissionais de enfermagem com comprometimento negativo na qualidade de vida dos portadores, mesmo quando em grau leve e moderado


Objective: The study's main purpose has been to assess both the prevalence and impact of primary hyperhidrosis on the activities and quality of life of nursing professionals working in a public hospital. Methods: It is a crosssectional study with 363 nursing professionals from a Public Referral Hospital for Urgent and Emergency Care in the Sergipe State, Brazil. There was used a questionnaire addressing diagnostic criteria, quality of life and the impact of primary hyperhidrosis on work activities. Results: There was found a primary hyperhidrosis prevalence of 11% in nursing professionals, worsening under stress in 27 (68%) of the professionals, and three (8%) reported impairment in daily activities. All limitations were mentioned to be happening in the implementation of nursing procedures, the most cited being written assessment by 37 professionals (93%), and the use of personal protective equipment by 31 (79%). Conclusion: Primary hyperhidrosis had a high prevalence in nursing professionals ultimately producing a negative impact on bearer's quality of life, even when mild or moderate


Objetivo: Evaluar la prevalencia y el impacto de la hiperhidrosis primaria en las actividades y la calidad de vida de los profesionales de enfermería en un hospital público. Métodos: estudio transversal con 363 profesionales de enfermería de un hospital de referencia en urgencias y emergencias en Sergipe, Brasil. Se utilizó un cuestionario sobre criterios diagnósticos, calidad de vida y sobre el impacto de la hiperhidrosis primaria en las actividades laborales. Resultados: la prevalencia de hiperhidrosis primaria fue del 11%, con empeoramiento bajo estrés en 27 (68%) de los profesionales y tres (8%) informaron deterioro en las actividades diarias. Todas las limitaciones se mencionaron en la implementación de los procedimientos de enfermería, siendo la evaluación escrita más citada por 37 profesionales (93%) y el uso de equipos de protección personal por 31 (79%). Conclusión: la hiperhidrosis primaria tuvo una alta prevalencia en profesionales de enfermería con un deterioro negativo en la calidad de vida de los pacientes, incluso cuando era leve y moderada


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Hyperhidrosis , Nursing, Team , Sweating , Sickness Impact Profile
10.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 22, jan. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-985825

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of oral health impact on quality of life and its association with the dental condition and sociodemographic factors of homeless people. METHODS: The sample was composed of 116 adults, temporarily attended by a public institution in the municipality of Goiânia, state of Goiás. Interviews were carried out including the Oral Impact on Daily Performance instrument and sociodemographic aspects. Clinical examinations were done by a trained examiner considering criteria of the World Health Organization. We evaluated dental caries (DMFT index) and use or need to use some type of prosthesis. For the statistical analysis of data, we used Pearson's Chi-square and Fisher's exact tests and Poisson regression with robust variance. RESULTS: Of the total respondents, 81.9% had at least one daily performance affected by dental problems in the six months prior the survey. The most prevalent dental conditions were: need for lower arch (76.7%) and upper arch prosthesis (69.0%); untreated caries (75.9%); and high DMFT (57.8%). In bivariate analysis, only the need for upper prosthesis variable was associated with the impact (high Oral Impact on Daily Performance). In the regression model, adjusted for time in the institution, age, and sex, this association remained significant (p = 0.015). Individuals without need for upper prosthesis had prevalence of high impact on daily performance 55% lower than those in need of this type of prosthesis (p = 0.018). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of oral health impact on quality of life of homeless people was high and higher than that verified in the overall Brazilian population. The impact was associated with the need for upper prosthesis, regardless of sociodemographic characteristics of the individuals.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Descrever a prevalência do impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida e sua associação com a condição dentária e fatores sociodemográficos de indivíduos em situação de rua. MÉTODOS: A amostra foi composta por 116 indivíduos adultos, atendidos temporariamente por uma instituição pública no município de Goiânia, GO. Foram realizadas entrevistas incluindo o instrumento Impacto Bucal no Desempenho Diário e aspectos sociodemográficos. Exames clínicos foram feitos por uma examinadora calibrada, utilizando critérios da Organização Mundial de Saúde. Foram avaliados cárie dentária (índice CPOD) e uso ou necessidade de uso de algum tipo de prótese. Na análise estatística dos dados, usamos os testes qui-quadrado de Pearson e exato de Fisher e a regressão de Poisson com variância robusta. RESULTADOS: Do total de participantes, 81,9% tiveram pelo menos um desempenho diário afetado por problemas odontológicos nos seis meses anteriores à pesquisa. As condições dentárias mais prevalentes foram: necessidade de prótese na arcada inferior (76,7%) e na superior (69,0%); cárie não tratada (75,9%); e CPOD alto (57,8%). Na análise bivariada, apenas a variável necessidade de prótese superior foi associada ao impacto (Impacto Bucal no Desempenho Diário alto). No modelo de regressão, ajustando-se por tempo na instituição, idade e sexo, essa associação se manteve significativa (p = 0,015). Os indivíduos sem necessidade de prótese superior tiveram prevalência de alto impacto no desempenho diário 55% menor do que aqueles com necessidade desse tipo de prótese (p = 0,018). CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência de impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida dos indivíduos em situação de rua foi alta e superior à verificada na população brasileira em geral. O impacto foi associado à necessidade de prótese superior, independente das características sociodemográficas dos indivíduos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life/psychology , Homeless Persons/statistics & numerical data , DMF Index , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Homeless Persons/psychology , Dental Health Surveys , Oral Health , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777538

ABSTRACT

School students in crowed environment are susceptible to tuberculosis(TB), often resulting outbreaks and public health emergencies. We give further advices on the investigation of index cases and their close contacts, diagnosis and treatment of active TB patients and latent TB infection and their standardized management, aiming at facilitating TB epidemiology investigation, scene disposal and related effect evaluation.


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Consensus , Contact Tracing , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Schools , Tuberculosis , Epidemiology
12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 791-795, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801214

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate direct and indirect economic burden, psychological impact, and quality of life in patients with psoriasis.@*Methods@#Patients with psoriasis were recruited nationwide from "the psoriasis patient mutual assistance network" , a WeChat official account of "psoriasis patient mutual assistance platform" , and WeChat groups of psoriasis patients in different regions between July and September in 2018. An internet-based online questionnaire survey was carried out on these patients by using a self-designed questionnaire and Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) scale. Comparison of enumeration data was carried out by using chi-square test, and comparison of measurement data by using Mann-Whitney U test.@*Results@#A total of 497 valid questionnaires were collected, and 497 patients with psoriasis were enrolled into this survey, including 190 patients with mild to moderate psoriasis and 307 patients with severe psoriasis. These patients were from 8 geographic regions of China, and mainly in east China and north China. The total annual expenditure for psoriasis per patient accounted for 20% (8%, 50%) (M[P25, P75]) of the total annual income, the annual hospitalization rate was 21.3%, the annual sick leave or absence duration was 15.0 (1.0, 40.0) days, and the unemployment rate due to psoriasis was 37.0%. Of the 497 patients, 443 (89.1%) suffered from mental stress due to psoriasis, 169 (34.0%) had suicide intention, and 23 (4.6%) had ever attempted suicide. The DLQI score for all the patients was 14 (8, 19) , 307 (61.8%) patients reported a severe or extremely severe impact on the quality of life (DLQI > 10, severe psoriasis group) , and 190 (38.2%) patients reported a mild or moderate impact on the quality of life (0 ≤ DLQI ≤ 10, mild to moderate psoriasis group) . Compared with the mild to moderate psoriasis group, the severe psoriasis group showed a significantly higher ratio of total annual expenditure to total annual income (30% vs. 10.0%, P < 0.01) , hospitalization rate (26.4% vs. 13.2%, P < 0.01) , annual sick leave or absence duration (20.0 days vs. 5.5 days, P < 0.01) , unemployment rate (47.9% vs. 19.5%, P < 0.01) , proportion of patients with mental stress (99.0% vs. 73.2%, P < 0.01) , proportion of patients with suicide intention (46.3% vs. 14.2%, P < 0.01) and proportion of patients who had suicide behavior (6.8% vs. 1.1%, P < 0.01) .@*Conclusions@#Psoriasis imposes heavy economic and psychological burden on patients, and decreases their quality of life. Meanwhile, patients with severely or extremely severely affected quality of life have higher disease burden compared with those with mildly to moderately affected quality of life.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810545

ABSTRACT

School students in crowed environment are susceptible to tuberculosis(TB), often resulting outbreaks and public health emergencies. We give further advices on the investigation of index cases and their close contacts, diagnosis and treatment of active TB patients and latent TB infection and their standardized management, aiming at facilitating TB epidemiology investigation, scene disposal and related effect evaluation.

14.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(6): 2916-2921, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-977611

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the impact of breast cancer and the quality of life of women survivors and to identify associations between sociodemographic and clinical variables. Method: This was a cross-sectional, analytical, quantitative study conducted with women receiving outpatient post-treatment care at a public institution of the city of São Paulo, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Instruments: sociodemographic and clinical questionnaires; Impact of Cancer scale; Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast Cancer scale. Descriptive and analytical statistical analysis were performed. Results: One hundred women were included in the study with a mean age of 60 years (SD = 11.3); most with less than 5 years of follow-up, low purchasing power, and low education levels. Negative Impact of Cancer: Health Worry, Body Changes, Feelings, and Meaning of Cancer. Quality of life: 81.9 (18.3), specific: 105.6 (24.6). The following subscales of the impact of cancer scale predicted lower quality of life scores: Body Changes, Negative Self-Evaluation, and Concerns about Cancer (p <0.05). Conclusion: Although they presented high scores for quality of life, patients reported negative impacts of cancer, enhanced by vulnerabilities.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto del cáncer de mama y la calidad de vida de mujeres sobrevivientes, identificar asociación de variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. Método: Transversal, analítico, cuantitativo, con mujeres post-tratamiento ambulatorio de cáncer de mama en institución pública del municipio de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil. Instrumentos: Sociodemográfico y clínico; Escala Impacto del Cáncer; Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast Cancer. Análisis estadístico descriptivo y analítico. Resultados: Cien mujeres, media etaria de 60 años (SD=11,3), mayoría en seguimiento inferior a 5 años, bajos recursos y escolarización. Impacto del Cáncer negativo: Preocupación por la Salud, Cambios Corporales, Sentimientos y Significado del Cáncer. Calidad de Vida: 81,9 (18,3), específico: 105,6 (24,6). Subescalas del impacto del cáncer predictoras de peores puntajes de calidad de vida: Cambios Corporales, Autoevaluación Negativa y Preocupación por el Cáncer (ps<0,05). Conclusión: Aun presentando buenos puntajes de calidad de vida las pacientes informaron impacto negativo del cáncer, agravado por sus vulnerabilidades.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto do câncer de mama e a qualidade de vida de mulheres sobreviventes e identificar associação de variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas. Método: Transversal, analítico, quantitativo, com mulheres pós-tratamento ambulatorial de câncer de mama em instituição pública do município de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil. Instrumentos: sociodemográfico e clínico; escala Impacto do Câncer; Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast Cancer. Análise estatística descritiva e analítica. Resultados: 100 mulheres, média de 60 anos (DP=11,3); maioria em seguimento inferior há 5 anos, baixo poder econômico e escolaridade. Impacto do Câncer negativo: Preocupação com a Saúde, Mudanças Corporais, Sentimentos e Significado do Câncer. Qualidade de Vida: 81,9 (18,3), específico: 105,6 (24,6). Subescalas do impacto do câncer que predisseram piores escores de qualidade de vida : Mudanças Corporais, Autoavaliação Negativa e Preocupação com o Câncer (ps<0,05). Conclusão: Apesar de apresentarem um bom escore de qualidade de vida, pacientes reportaram impacto negativo do câncer, agravado por vulnerabilidades.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Quality of Life/psychology , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Survivors/psychology , Brazil , Breast Neoplasms/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Middle Aged
15.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(6): 475-480, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973852

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: We aimed to evaluate the visual quality performance of scleral contact lenses in patients with keratoconus, pellucid marginal degeneration, and post-keratoplasty astigmatism, and their impact on quality of life. Methods: We included 40 patients (58 eyes) with keratoconus, pellucid marginal degeneration, and post-keratoplasty astigmatism who were examined between October 2014 and June 2017 and fitted with scleral contact lenses in this study. Before fitting scleral contact lenses, we noted refraction, uncorrected distance visual acuity, spectacle-corrected distance visual acuity, uncorrected contrast sensitivity, and spectacle-corrected contrast sensitivity. We performed corneal topography on and applied a questionnaire that included the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire to all participants. We recorded corrected contrast sensitivity and corrected distance visual acuity on the third month after fitting scleral contact lenses and requested that subjects repeat the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire. Results: The mean age of patients was 28.12 ± 13.19 years. Mean logMAR uncorrected distance visual acuity, spectacle-corrected distance visual acuity, and corrected distance visual acuity with scleral contact lenses were 0.91 ± 0.21 (0.40-1.80), 0.57 ± 0.12 (0.10-1.80), and 0.16 ± 0.02 (0.00-1.30), respectively. We observed significantly higher corrected distance visual acuity with scleral contact lenses compared with uncorrected distance visual acuity and spectacle-corrected distance visual acuity (p<0.05). Mean uncorrected contrast sensitivity, spectacle-corrected contrast sensitivity and CCS with scleral contact lenses were 0.97 ± 0.12 (0.30-1.65), 1.16 ± 0.51 (0.30-1.80), and 1.51 ± 0.25 (0.90-1.80), respectively. Significantly higher contrast sensitivity levels were recorded with scleral contact lenses compared with those recorded with uncorrected contrast sensitivity and spectacle-corrected contrast sensitivity (p<0.05). We found the National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire overall score for patients with scleral contact lens treatment to be significantly higher compared with that for patients with uncorrected sight (p<0.05). Conclusion: Scleral contact lenses are an effective alternative visual correction method for keratoconus, pellucid marginal degeneration, and post-keratoplasty astigmatism. A significant increase in visual acuity and contrast sensitivity can be obtained with scleral contact lenses in patients with irregular corneas.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o desempenho da qualidade visual das lentes de contato esclerais em pacientes com ceratocone, degeneração marginal transparente e astigmatismo pós-ceratoplastia e seu impacto na qualidade de vida. Métodos: Foram incluídos 40 pacientes (58 olhos) com ceratocone, degeneração marginal transparente ou astigmatismo pós-ce­ratoplastia que foram examinados entre outubro de 2014 e junho de 2017 e adaptados com lentes de contato esclerais neste estudo. Antes de ajustar as lentes de contato esclerais, registrou-se refração, acuidade visual à distância não corrigida, acuidade visual à distância corrigida por óculos, sensibilidade ao contraste não corrigida e sensibilidade ao contraste corrigida por óculos. Rea­lizamos topografia da córnea e aplicamos um questionário que incluía o Questionário de Funcionamento Visual do National Eye Institute para todos os participantes. Registramos a sensibilidade ao contraste corrigida e corrigimos a acuidade visual à distância no terceiro mês após a adaptação das lentes de contato esclerais e solicitamos aos participantes que repetissem o Questionário de Funcionamento Visual do National Eye Institute. Resultados: A idade média dos pacientes foi de 28,12 ± 13,19 anos. A acuidade visual à distância não corrigida logMAR média, a acuidade visual à distância corrigida por óculos e a distância visual corrigida com as lentes de contato esclerais foram 0,91 ± 0,21 (0,40-1,80), 0,57 ± 0,12 (0,10-1,80), 0,16 ± 0,02 (0,00-1,30), respectivamente. Observamos uma acuidade visual à distância corrigida significativamente maior com lentes de contato esclerais em comparação à acuidade visual à distância não corrigida e à acuidade visual à distância corrigida por óculos (p<0,05). Sensibilidade ao contraste médio não corrigido, sensibilidade ao contraste corrigida por óculos e CCS com lentes de contato esclerais foram 0,97 ± 0,12 (0,30-1,65), 1,16 ± 0,51 (0,30-1,80), 1,51 ± 0,25 (0,90-1,80), respectivamente. Significativamente maiores níveis de sensibilidade ao contraste foram registrados com lentes de contato esclerais em comparação com aqueles registrados com sensibilidade ao contraste não corrigida e sensibilidade ao contraste corrigida por óculos (p<0,05). Descobrimos que a pontuação geral do Questionário de Funcionamento Visual do National Eye Institute para pacientes em tratamento com lentes de contato esclerais é significativamente maior em comparação com pacientes com visão não corrigia (p<0,05). Conclusão: As lentes de contato esclerais constituem um método alternativo eficaz de correção visual alternativa para o ceratocone, degeneração marginal transparente e o astigmatismo pós-ceratoplastia. Um aumento significativo na acuidade visual e sensibilidade ao contraste pode ser obtido com lentes de contato esclerais em pacientes com córneas irregulares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Sclera , Visual Acuity/physiology , Contact Lenses , Corneal Diseases/rehabilitation , Astigmatism/surgery , Astigmatism/rehabilitation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Corneal Topography , Keratoconus/rehabilitation
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 701-706, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949965

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is a common complaint in adult women and inflicts major impact in quality of life, however, there is no specific questionnaire available in Portuguese for such evaluation. Objectives: Translation into Brazilian Portuguese, cultural adaptation and validation of the WAA-QoL (Women's Androgenetic Alopecia Quality of Life Questionnaire). Methods: Methodological study. After authorization by the author, cultural (linguistic) translation and adaptation to Portuguese of the WAA-QoL questionnaire were carried out. The translated version (WAA-QoL-BP) and DLQI (Dermatology Life Quality index) were submitted to patients with FPHL for concurrent validation. Twenty patients were reevaluated to assess temporal stability. Results: A total of 116 patients with APF were evaluated, the mean age (SD) was 47 (14) years, and 89 (76%) patients were classified as grades II and III (Sinclair). There was high internal consistency: Cronbach´s alpha was 0.97 for the WAA-QoL-BP and 0.87 for the DLQI. The correlation between WAA-QoL and DLQI resulted in (rho) 0.81 (p <0.01). The intraclass correlation coefficient for complete agreement of WAA-QoL-BP was 0.95 (p <0.01) in the test-retest comparison. Study Limitations: Sampling of patients only from the State of São Paulo. Conclusions: A Brazilian version for WAA-QoL was translated and adapted, which proved to be valid and consistent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Alopecia/psychology , Translations , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Language
17.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(5): e00178917, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039370

ABSTRACT

Zika virus infection during pregnancy is a cause of congenital brain abnormalities. Its consequences to pregnancies has made governments, national and international agencies issue advices and recommendations to women. There is a clear need to investigate how the Zika outbreak affects the decisions that women take concerning their lives and the life of their families, as well as how women are psychologically and emotionally dealing with the outbreak. We conducted a qualitative study to address the impact of the Zika epidemic on the family life of women living in Brazil, Puerto Rico, and the US, who were affected by it to shed light on the social repercussions of Zika. Women were recruited through the snowball sampling technique and data was collected through semi-structured interviews. We describe the effects in mental health and the coping strategies that women use to deal with the Zika epidemic. Zika is taking a heavy toll on women's emotional well-being. They are coping with feelings of fear, helplessness, and uncertainty by taking drastic precautions to avoid infection that affect all areas of their lives. Coping strategies pose obstacles in professional life, lead to social isolation, including from family and partner, and threaten the emotional and physical well-being of women. Our findings suggest that the impacts of the Zika epidemic on women may be universal and global. Zika infection is a silent and heavy burden on women's shoulders.


A infecção pelo vírus Zika durante a gravidez é causa de anomalias congênitas do sistema nervoso central do feto. As graves consequências gestacionais fizeram com que governos nacionais e agências internacionais emitissem conselhos e recomendações para as mulheres. Existe uma necessidade clara de investigar de que maneira a epidemia de Zika afeta as decisões das mulheres sobre suas próprias vidas e de suas famílias, e de como as mulheres estão lidando psicológica e emocionalmente com a epidemia. Realizamos um estudo qualitativo para avaliar o impacto social da epidemia de Zika na vida familiar das mulheres no Brasil, Porto Rico e Estados Unidos. As mulheres foram recrutadas através da técnica de "bola de neve", e os dados foram coletados com entrevistas semiestruturadas. O artigo descreve os efeitos sobre a saúde mental e as estratégias das mulheres para enfrentar a epidemia do vírus Zika. O vírus está tendo um impacto pesado no bem-estar emocional das mulheres. Elas estão lidando com sentimentos de medo, desamparo e incerteza, ao tomar precauções drásticas para evitar uma infecção que afeta todas as áreas de suas vidas. As estratégias de enfrentamento envolvem obstáculos na vida profissional, levam ao isolamento social, inclusive em relação à família e ao companheiro e ameaçam o bem-estar emocional e físico das mulheres. Nossos achados sugerem que os impactos da epidemia de Zika sobre as mulheres podem ser universais e globais. A infecção pelo vírus Zika põe uma carga pesada e silenciosa nos ombros das mulheres.


La infección por el virus del Zika durante el embarazo es una causa de anormalidades cerebrales congénitas. Sus consecuencias para los embarazos han hecho que los gobiernos, las agencias nacionales e internacionales emitan consejos y recomendaciones para las mujeres. Existe una clara necesidad de investigar cómo el brote de Zika afecta las decisiones que toman las mujeres con respecto a sus vidas y la de sus familias y también cómo las mujeres están lidiando psicológica y emocionalmente con el brote. Llevamos a cabo un estudio cualitativo para abordar el impacto de la epidemia de Zika en la vida familiar de las mujeres que se vieron afectadas por la enfermedad, y que viven en Brasil, Puerto Rico y los EE.UU., para arrojar luz sobre las repercusiones sociales del Zika. Las mujeres fueron reclutadas a través de la técnica de muestreo de bola de nieve y los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas. Describimos los efectos en la salud mental y las estrategias de afrontamiento que las mujeres usan para lidiar con la epidemia de Zika. La enfermedad está afectando mucho el bienestar emocional de las mujeres. Están enfrentando sentimientos de miedo, impotencia e incertidumbre tomando precauciones drásticas para evitar infecciones que afectan todas las áreas de sus vidas. Las estrategias de afrontamiento representan obstáculos en la vida profesional, conducen al aislamiento social, incluso de la familia y la pareja, y ponen en peligro el bienestar emocional y físico de las mujeres. Nuestros hallazgos sugieren que los impactos de la epidemia de Zika en las mujeres pueden ser universales y globales. La infección por Zika es una carga silenciosa y pesada para los hombros de las mujeres.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/psychology , Disease Outbreaks , Women's Health , Sickness Impact Profile , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology , Puerto Rico/epidemiology , United States/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Qualitative Research , Zika Virus Infection/psychology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710926

ABSTRACT

A total of 510 patients with type 2 diabetics mellitus (T2DM)from Huacao Township of Shanghai suburb were enrolled in the study. The gender, age, duration for diabetes, HbA1c level, blood pressure level, obesity status and health education of chronic kidney disease (CKD) were recorded. The knowledge, attitude and practice (AKP) of the subjects regarding prevention and treatment of CKD were assessed by using a self-restraint questionnaire. The data were analyzed with logistic regression. The knowledge awareness rate, attitude positive rate and behavior execution rate were 44.1%(225/510), 49.0%(250/510) and 16.5%(84/510), respectively. Scores of knowledge,attitude,behavior and medication compliance of the subjects were 16.8 ± 4.8, 18.3 ± 3.6 and 13.1 ± 4.1, respectively. The attitudes were closely related to educational level, HbA1c level, systolic blood pressure, obesity, health education history, and awareness level of CKD;behaviors were closely related to education level, systolic blood pressure, obesity, health education history and CKD prevention and treatment(P<0.05).

19.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-962270

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To evaluate, in a population-based approach, the association of extreme sleep duration with sociodemographic factors, health, and well-being. METHODS We analyzed the data from the 2014/2015 Health Survey in the city of Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil (ISACamp), performed with 1,969 individuals (≥ 20 years old). Associations between the independent variable and short (≤ 6 hours) and long (≥ 9 hours) sleep were determined using the Rao-Scott chi-square test. The analyses were adjusted with multinomial logistic regression models. RESULTS Men, individuals aged 40 to 59, those with higher schooling, those who have one (OR = 1.47, 95%CI 1.02-2.12), two (OR = 1.73, 95%CI 1.07-2.80), or three or more (OR = 1.62, 95%CI 1.16-2.28) chronic diseases, and those with three or more health problems (OR = 1.96, 95%CI 1.22-3.17) were more likely to have a short sleep. The chance of long sleep was higher in widowers and lower in those who have more years of schooling, with higher income, worked, lived with more residents at home, and reported three or more diseases (OR = 0.68, 95%CI 0.48-0.97) and health problems. The chance of either short (OR = 2.41, 95%CI 1.51-3.87) or long sleep (OR = 2.07, 95%CI 1.23-3.48) was higher in unhappy individuals. CONCLUSIONS These findings highlight the higher chance of short sleep duration among men, among persons in productive age, and among those with a higher level of schooling in a Brazilian city. The association of short sleep with comorbidities and the association of happiness with extremes of sleep duration were also important results to understand the relation of sleep duration with health and well-being.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Quality of Life/psychology , Sleep/physiology , Chronic Disease/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged
20.
Arq. Asma, Alerg. Imunol ; 1(3): 305-310, jul.set.2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380534

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Relacionar o impacto da gravidade da dermatite atópica na qualidade de vida dos cuidadores dos pacientes. Método: Estudo transversal e analítico, com aplicação de questionários aos cuidadores de pacientes com dermatite atópica, que foram consultados consecutivamente de agosto a dezembro de 2015. A gravidade da doença foi determinada conforme o índice de pontuação da dermatite atópica (Scoring Atopic Dermatitis ­ SCORAD) e foi classificada como leve (pontuação ≤ 20), moderada (> 20 a ≤ 40) ou grave (> 40). O questionário utilizado para avaliar qualidade de vida do cuidador foi o Dermatitis Family Impact Questionnaire ­ DFI, validado para o português. Resultados: Cento e um cuidadores participaram do estudo; 31,7% cuidavam de pacientes com dermatite atópica leve; 36,6% moderada; e 31,7% grave. A média dos índices de qualidade de vida foi de 9,1±6,7. Os índices de qualidade de vida dos cuidadores foram piores quanto mais grave a dermatite atópica da criança (correlação de Spearman 0,53; p < 0,0001). Os domínios mais afetados foram gastos com o tratamento, sono e sentimento de cansaço e exaustão. O valor médio de gastos com o tratamento foi de 200 reais ao mês, o que representou um percentual de 7,5% do salário mensal. Houve diferença significativa no percentual de gastos/salário conforme a gravidade da dermatite pelo SCORAD (5% na DA leve; 7,2% na moderada e 10% na grave). Conclusão: Os índices de qualidade de vida dos cuidadores de pacientes com dermatite atópica são piores quanto maior a gravidade da doença, em razão dos gastos com tratamento, sono e exaustão.


Objective: To study the impact of atopic dermatitis severity on the quality of life of the patient's caregivers. Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional study in which questionnaires were applied to caregivers of patients with atopic dermatitis seen consecutively from August to December 2015. Disease severity was determined according to the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index and graded as mild (score ≤ 20), moderate (> 20 to ≤ 40), or severe (> 40). The questionnaire used to evaluate the quality of life of caregivers was the Dermatitis Family Impact (DFI), validated to Portuguese. Results: One hundred and one caregivers participated in the study; 31.7% of them took care of patients with mild atopic dermatitis, 36.6% of moderate, and 31.7% of patients with severe atopic dermatitis. The mean quality of life score was 9.1±6.7. Quality of life indexes worsened with atopic dermatitis severity (Spearman correlation 0.53; p < 0.0001). The domains most strongly affected were treatment expenses, sleep, and fatigue/exhaustion. The mean monthly expense with treatment was 200 reais, accounting for 7.5% of the family's monthly income. There was a significant difference in the expense/ income percentage according to disease severity as measured by the SCORAD index (5% in mild, 7.2% in moderate, and 10% in severe atopic dermatitis). Conclusion: Quality of life indexes for caregivers of patients with atopic dermatitis worsen as the severity of the disease increases, mainly because of treatment expenses, lack of sleep, and exhaustion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Quality of Life , Family , Caregivers , Dermatitis, Atopic , Patients , Sleep , Therapeutics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Health Expenditures , Fatigue , Income
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