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1.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(281): 6355-6367, out.-2021.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1344581

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar a percepção do docente sobre as metodologias ativas utilizadas na educação profissional da área da saúde, bem como, desenvolver um prospecto de aplicativo para dispositivos móveis com conteúdo voltado ao ensino ativo. Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa de campo-ação, de natureza qualitativa em uma Instituição Escolar Vale do Paraíba, a coleta deu-se em Maio 2019 a amostra foi determinada por conveniência. Resultados: A estratégia que o professor utiliza para desenvolver um conteúdo é o instrumento mais importante para alcançar os objetivos a que se propõe. Entretanto, não existe um método pedagógico universal, e sim uma infinidade de recursos ou ferramentas que o mesmo lança mão para mediar o processo ensino. Conclusão: O papel do professor, enquanto facilitador no processo de ensino-aprendizagem é fundamental no sentido de abrir-se e adequar-se às novas demandas.(AU)


Objective: To characterize the perception of teachers about active methodologies used in professional education in the health area, as well as to develop an application prospectus for mobile devices with content aimed at active teaching. Methods: This is a field-action research, qualitative in nature in a School Institution Vale do Paraiba, the collection took place in May 2019 and the sample was determined by convenience. Results: The strategy that the teacher uses to develop content is the most important instrument to achieve the goals it proposes. However, there is no universal pedagogical method, but an infinity of resources or tools that it uses to mediate the teaching process. Conclusion: The teacher's role, as a facilitator in the teachinglearning process, is fundamental in the sense of opening up and adapting to new demands.(AU)


Objetivo: Caracterizar la percepción de los profesores sobre las metodologías activas y las prácticas pedagógicas utilizadas en la formación profesional en los cursos del área de la salud, así como desarrollar inicialmente un prospecto de una aplicación para dispositivos móviles con contenidos centrados en estrategias de enseñanza activa. Métodos: Se trata de una investigación de campo, de carácter cualitativo. Se elaboró un instrumento de recopilación de datos para las entrevistas con los docentes de una institución privada de enseñanza técnica, amostra determinada por conveniencia. Para elaborar el prospecto de aplicación se utilizó la metodología del Design Thinking. Resultados: La estrategia que el profesor utiliza para desarrollar un contenido es la herramienta más importante para lograr sus objetivos. Sin embargo, no existe un método pedagógico universal, sino una multitud de recursos o herramientas que el profesor utiliza para estimular el aprendizaje del alumno. Conclusión: El papel del profesor, como facilitador en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje, es fundamental para adaptarse a las nuevas exigencias, para estar abierto a nuevas prácticas pedagógicas, para aceptar los retos que imprime la educación de hoy y del futuro, de enseñar a aprender y de aprender a enseñar.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomedical Technology/education , Education, Professional , Faculty , Teaching
2.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 11(2)jul.-dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093327

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Sistema Nacional de Salud, por su misión, cobertura y características, requiere de un constante flujo informativo, por lo que necesita un personal especializado en el uso de tecnologías que les permita dirigir y gestionar la infraestructura necesaria para la efectiva toma de decisiones en el Sector. Objetivo: Analizar el comportamiento histórico de la enseñanza del diseño de software en la carrera Sistemas de Información en Salud. Métodos: Para la realización de la presente investigación de tipo descriptiva, se utilizaron como principales métodos los de nivel teórico: Histórico-lógico, Análisis-síntesis, Inducción-deducción y Enfoque sistémico, dentro de los de nivel empíricos el de Análisis documental. Resultados: Se obtiene una valoración del análisis realizado a los documentos normativos que rigen el Proceso de Enseñanza y Aprendizaje del diseño de software en el mundo, América Latina y Cuba que puede ser utilizado como medio complementario de apoyo a la preparación metodológica de los profesores de la disciplina Informática. Conclusiones: Existen elementos curriculares que deben ser atendidos con el fin de aumentar la calidad del proceso docente, a pesar de que se han alcanzado grandes avances cualitativos y cuantitativos en todos los aspectos de este proceso(AU)


Introduction: The National Health System, its mission, coverage and characteristics, requires a constant flow of information in order to maintain a high level of knowledge of each of the activities undertaken at all levels for driving management processes and services. A specialist in the use of technologies is necessary in order to allow lead and manage effective decision making in the Health Sector infrastructure. Objective: To analyze the historical behavior of Software Design teaching in Health Information Systems program. Methods: as the main methods of theoretical level: Historical and logical, analysis-synthesis, induction, deduction and systemic approach, within the empirical level: documentary analysis. Results: An assessment of the regulatory documents governing the teaching and learning of software design in the world, Latin America and Cuba, that can be used as a supplementary means of support for the methodological training of teachers of the discipline. Conclusions: The current medical education in Cuba, has made great qualitative and quantitative progress in all aspects of the teaching process, but there are curricular elements that must be addressed in order to increase the quality of the teaching process(AU)


Subject(s)
Medical Informatics Applications , Software Design , Software , Health Information Systems/history , Epidemiology, Descriptive
3.
Rev. cienc. med. Pinar Rio ; 23(6): 817-826, nov.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092846

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: al atender la alta incidencia de cáncer cutáneo no melanómico, donde son utilizados tratamientos con radiaciones ionizantes, en específico con el equipo SENSUS SRT-100TM, en el Centro de Atención al Paciente Oncológico de Pinar del Río, y dada la necesidad de usar con eficacia prestaciones relacionadas con esta práctica; se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo para discutir sobre el uso de aspectos relacionados con el paciente, sus lesiones, administración y aprovechamiento de la máquina de tratamiento, con vistas a incrementar los beneficios en esta terapia. Objetivo: realizar un estudio observacional retrospectivo con los tratamientos de radioterapia superficial, con la utilización del equipo SENSUS SRT-100TM, que muestre la necesidad del uso de criterios apropiados con vistas a incrementar la calidad del servicio y eficacia en el aprovechamiento de los recursos. Métodos: se utilizó el método observacional retrospectivo, con el universo de pacientes tratados mediante radioterapia superficial Resultados: el 60,3 % había recibido algún tratamiento previo en al menos una de sus lesiones. El 77,8 % presentaron riesgo intermedio o alto de recurrencia de la enfermedad y el 65 % de los esquemas estuvieron dentro de la ventana terapéutica recomendada de TDFs. El aprovechamiento de la máquina resultó ser bajo. Conclusiones: incrementar el uso de criterios apropiados y fortalecer la formación de especialidades encargadas con estos tratamientos, elevaría la calidad de los mismos y eficacia en el aprovechamiento de los recursos.


ABSTRACT Introduction: considering the high incidence of non-melanomic skin cancer, where treatments with ionizing radiations are used, specifically with the SENSUS SRT-100TM equipment at Cancer Treatment Center of Pinar del Río, and given the need to effectively apply the benefits related to this practice, a retrospective observational study was conducted to discuss the use of aspects related to patients, lesions, administration and application of the treatment machine with a view to increase the benefits of this therapy. Objective: to conduct a retrospective observational study with superficial radiotherapy treatment using SENSUS SRT-100TM equipment, showing the need for the use of the appropriate criteria in order to increase the quality of the service and its efficiency making good use of the resources. Methods: the retrospective observational method was applied, with the target group of patients treated with superficial radiotherapy. Results: 60.3% had received some previous treatment in at least one of their lesions. The 77.8% presented intermediate or high risk of recurrence of the disease and 65% of the schemes were within the recommended therapeutic window of Time-Dose-Fractionation Factors (TDFs). Machine utilization turned out to be low. Conclusions: increasing the use of appropriate criteria and strengthening the training of specialties entrusted with these treatments could improve their quality and efficiency in the use of resources.

4.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(3): 169-174, July-Sept. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1013886

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Orphan diseases are a heterogeneous group of conditions involving the structure and functioning of several organs and systems; this represents a significant challenge for the anesthesiologist and the surgical team. Specific knowledge of each disease reduces the risk of any adverse events secondary to perioperative management errors in these patients. Objective: Developing a strategy to quickly and effectively look up for the perioperative risks of patients with rare diseases. Methods: An academic literature review was conducted and the information available in databases was selected. A group of engineers and designers summarized the information and developed a software application for mobile devices, to look up at a list of rare diseases, their description, any surgical implications, and the most relevant anesthetic considerations. Results: The CARAN App (CARAN is the Spanish acronym for Rare Cases in Anesthesia) was developed, which may be downloaded into any iOS (Apple) and Android mobile device at no cost. The App makes available information on the major anesthetic implications, with a view to improving patient care safety. This article discusses the first part of the project which comprises the development and design of the App and the review of 60 diseases. Additional diseases are expected to be included in the second phase of the project. Conclusion: We are introducing the first App available in Spanish to quickly and effectively look up for the most relevant anesthetic implications in 60 rare diseases.


Resumen Introducción: Las enfermedades huérfanas son un grupo heterogéneo de patologías que comprometen la estructura y el funcionamiento de varios órganos y sistemas, lo que representa un enorme reto para el anestesiólogo y el equipo quirúrgico. El conocimiento específico de cada enfermedad disminuye el riesgo de eventos adversos secundario a errores en el manejo perioperatorio de estos pacientes. Objetivo: Desarrollar una estrategia que permita consultar de manera rápida y efectiva los riesgos perioperatorios de pacientes con enfermedades raras. Métodos: Se hizo una revisión académica de la literatura y se seleccionó la información disponible en las bases de datos. Un grupo de ingenieros y diseñadores sintetizaron la información y desarrollaron la aplicación para dispositivos móviles, donde se puede consultar una lista de enfermedades raras, su descripción, las implicaciones quirúrgicas y las consideraciones anestésicas más relevantes. Resultados: Se creó la aplicación CARAN = Casos raros en anestesia, la cual se puede descargar gratis en dispositivos móviles con sistemas operativos iOS (Apple) y Android; esta aplicación nos brinda información sobre las principales implicaciones anestésicas, con el propósito de mejorar la seguridad en la atención del paciente. Se presenta aquí la primera parte del proyecto, que consiste en la creación y el diseño de la aplicación, y la revisión de 60 enfermedades. Se espera que en una segunda fase se incluyan más enfermedades. Conclusión: Presentamos la primera aplicación disponible en español para consultar de forma rápida y efectiva las principales implicaciones anestésicas de 60 enfermedades raras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Syndrome , Medical Informatics Applications , Rare Diseases , Anesthesia , Smartphone/trends , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies
5.
Rev. cienc. med. Pinar Rio ; 23(3): 435-445, mayo.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003786

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: los avances tecnológicos y el proceso de informatización en el sector de la salud, han propiciado la necesidad de formar profesionales capaces de desarrollar herramientas y aplicaciones en lo que la carrera Sistemas de Información en Salud juega un papel esencial, sin embargo, sus egresados, manifiestan insuficiencias para la práctica de sus contenidos. Objetivo: determinar los componentes y relaciones de un modelo didáctico sustentado en la utilización del método de proyecto, que perfeccione el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del diseño de software relacionados con bases de datos, desde la asignatura Ingeniería y Gestión de Software, en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río. Métodos: la investigación siguió el enfoque metodológico general dialéctico-materialista, que permitió utilizar métodos teóricos tales como análisis y síntesis, inducción y deducción, el enfoque de sistema y la modelación. Resultados: se logró determinar las relaciones en el modelo didáctico que contribuye a la teoría desde sus componentes esenciales y formas de relación que enriquecen la Didáctica de la Informática a partir de la propuesta de nuevas etapas para el desarrollo del proceso que se estudia, que integran las etapas del método de proyecto y del diseño de software. Conclusiones: la aplicación de este modelo le confiere a este proceso un carácter sistémico, integrador, secuenciado y contextualizado.


ABSTRACT Introduction: technological advances and the process of computerization in the health sector, have led to the need to train capable professionals developing tools and applications where Health Information Systems studies play an essential role, however, its graduates, present insufficiencies for the practice of its contents. Objective: to determine the components and relationships of a didactic model based on the use of the project method, which improves the teaching-learning process of software design related to databases, from the subject Software Engineering and Management, at Pinar del Río University of Medical Sciences. Methods: the research followed the general dialectical-materialistic methodological approach, which allowed the use of theoretical methods such as analysis and synthesis, induction and deduction, system approach and modeling. Results: it was possible to determine the relationships in the didactic model that contributes to the theory from its essential components and forms of relation that enrich the Didactics of Informatics from the proposal of new stages and for the development of the process under study, which integrate the stages of the project method and the software design. Conclusions: the application of this model gives to this process a systemic, integrating, sequenced and contextualized nature.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 417-420, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816900

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To design Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) medical order evaluation software, and to promote rational drug use in clinic. METHODS: According to the use of PPI (PPI injection as an example) of inpatients in a Third Grade Class A hospital (hereinafter referred to as "sample hospital"), the evaluation process of medical order evaluation software was designed. On this basis, medical order evaluation software for inpatients was developed in collaboration with computer engineers. Taking the detection rate of irrational drug use and the time consuming per capita as indicators, the effects of software evaluation and manual evaluation were compared. Dispensing medical orders of PPI injection in PIVAS of sample hospital was evaluated with the software pre-evaluation in Feb. 2018. Irrational use of PPI injection (including irrational medication for treatment, prevention and non-indication) in the inpatients was evaluated retrospectively during Jan. 2015-Dec. 2017. RESULTS: The software of PPI audit includes four modules:users and tasks (timing audit), system settings, confirmation of audit results (check the results audited by the software automatically) and reports exporting. Compared with manual evaluation, there was no significant difference in detection rate of irrational drug use in software audit (69.50% vs. 77.00%, P>0.05); the time consuming per capita was shortened significantly (9.25 min vs. 1.50 min, P<0.05). In the application of pre-evaluation, 27 (2.23%) were irrational for treatment, 318 (26.24%) were irrational for prevention and 602 (49.67%) for non-indications. In the application of retrospective review, 4 884 (2.68%) were irrational medication for treatment, 50 399 (27.67%) irrational medication for prevention and 85 106 (46.72%) medication without indications. CONCLUSIONS: The application of PPI medical order evaluation software shortens the time of pharmacist's evaluation, improves the efficiency of evaluation, and promotes the rational use of PPI in clinic.

7.
Rev. cienc. med. Pinar Rio ; 22(6): 78-90, nov.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-985410

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: atendiendo a la alta incidencia de cáncer cutáneo, donde son utilizados tratamientos con radiaciones ionizantes, específicamente con equipo SENSUS SRT-100TM en el Centro de Atención al Paciente Oncológico de Pinar del Río y dada la necesidad de mejorar la prevención de incidentes y accidentes relacionados con la práctica, se ha empleado un enfoque avanzado de análisis de riesgo similar al propuestos por la Asociación Americana de Físicos Médicos a través del uso del software SECURE MR-FMEA. Objetivo: desarrollar un estudio de riesgo para radioterapia superficial con SENSUS SRT 100TM que identifique los modos y causas de fallos asociados al tratamiento, que posibiliten el empleo de aplicaciones que optimicen la seguridad y calidad de la práctica. Métodos: se utilizó el método prospectivo de análisis de modos y efectos de fallos a tratamientos superficiales con SENSUS SRT-100TM mediante aplicaciones desarrolladas en el código SECURE MR-FMEA. Resultados: se diseñó el mapa del proceso con sus subprocesos y etapas respectivas por un equipo multidisciplinario formado en el Centro de Atención al Paciente Oncológico pinareño, propiciando la comprensión global de la actividad y determinación del perfil de riesgo y árboles de fallos de interés (apoyado en prestaciones del programa SECURE MR-FMEA) creándose así, medidas de defensa y desarrollándose actividades que disminuyeron el riesgo tras reevaluación efectuada. Conclusiones: el estudio de riesgo realizado en radioterapia superficial posibilitó fortalecer la seguridad y calidad de los tratamientos administrados en el Centro de Atención al Paciente Oncológico de Pinar del Río, además de facilitar futuras evaluaciones.


ABSTRACT Introduction: in view of the high incidence of skin cancer, where treatments with ionizing radiation are used, particularly with SENSUS SRT-100TM equipment at Oncology Patient Care Center of Pinar del Río, and the known need to improve the prevention of incidents and accidents related to this practice, an advanced risk-analysis approach, similar to that proposed by the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, was applied using the SECURE MR-FMEA code. Objective: to develop a risk study for superficial radiotherapy with SENSUS SRT 100TM that identifies the modes and causes of failures associated with the treatment, which allow the use of applications that optimize the safety and quality of the practice. Methods: the prospective method of failure modes and effect analysis, regarding superficial treatments with SENSUS SRT-100TM through the applications developed by means of the SECURE MR-FMEA code. Results: the process map was designed with its sub-processes and respective stages by a multidisciplinary team created at Oncology Patient Care Center in Pinar del Río, assisting the global comprehension of the activity and determining the risk profile and specific failure trees (supported by the benefits of the SECURE MR-FMEA program), to create defense measures and developing activities that decreased the risk after the application of the reassessment. Conclusions: the risk study carried out in superficial radiotherapy made possible to strengthen the safety and quality of the treatments delivered at the Oncology Patient Care Center of Pinar del Río, allowing the future assessments.

9.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 21-25, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694308

ABSTRACT

Objective Modern warfare is geographically complex and changeable.The lack of terrain adaptability restricts the popularization and application of rescue robots in the frontline war.To solve this problem,this paper designs a new longitudinal-arm suspension mechanism,and carries out principle analysis and simulation optimization.Methods The automatic dynamic analysis of the mechanical system(ADAMS)was used to establish the virtual suspension model. According to the condition of rescue robot parameters, appropriate constraints and objective functions were set up to optimize the length of the suspension rod and spring stiffness coefficient.Results The suspension structure parameters were optimized by experimental simulation.The single longitudinal-arm suspension could convert the small stroke of the helical spring shock absorber into the large stroke of the tire movement according to the comparison of the experimental data. Conclusion The research and design of single longitudinal-arm suspension are of great significance to develop its physical prototype and to select the helical spring shock absorber,playing an important role in promoting the development of the small wheeled rescue robot.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 533-536, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708772

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of hospital-community-family home care mobile APP on outcomes of discharged patients with stress urinary incontinence.Methods The hospital-community-family nursing platform for stress urinary incontinence was established.Patients were randomly divided into two groups.Patients in the control group(n=51) were given conventional discharge guidance.Patients in the intervention group(n=54) were given mobile home care intervention based on conventional discharge care.Pelvic floor muscle strength,one hour pad test leakage,the ICI-Q-SF score and self-efficacy were followed up and compared between two groups.Results After 6 months of intervention,symptoms of incontinence in the intervention group were relieved,self-efficacy was higher than the control group,the ICI-Q-SF score was lower than the control group,and the differences were significant(all P<0.05).Conclusion The hospital-community-family nursing platform for stress urinary incontinence can improve patients' adherence and pelvic floor muscle strength,decrease level of incontinence,and increase quality of life.

11.
J. health inform ; 9(1): [3-10], jan.-mar. 2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-832611

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade de Projeto Orientado a Objeto (POO) do Modelo de Objetos da openEHR, utilizando métricas de orientação a objeto (OO). Método: Um estudo experimental foi conduzido com artefatos da implementação em Java do openEHR e com métricas OO do modelo de qualidade QMOOD. Resultados: Identificou-se que os atributos de qualidade Reusabilidade e Funcionalidade, satisfizeram as expectativas do modelo de qualidade. Já os atributos Extensabilidade e Flexibilidade, mostraram-se instáveis, enquanto Facilidade de Compreensão ficou em queda. Complementarmente, foram identificados seis problemas de POO em estratégias de detecção de problemas de POO. Conclusão: O Modelo de Objetos da openEHR tem ganho de novos recursos e tem a capacidade de reutilizar módulos já existentes para resolver um novo problema. Entretanto, novos requisitos em recursos já existentes podem ser mais trabalhosos, assim como a adaptação do projeto para novos recursos. Também apresenta dificuldade de ser aprendido e compreendido devido ao aumento da complexidade.


Objective: To evaluate the quality of Object Oriented Design (OOD) of the openEHR Object Model, using Object Oriented (OO) metrics. Methods: An experimental study was designed and conducted using the openEHR Java reference implementation artifacts and with OO metrics of QMOOD quality model. Results: The results identified that the quality attributes of Reusability and Functionality satisfied the expectations of the quality model. The quality attributes of Flexibility and Extensibility proved unstable, while the quality attribute Understandability decreased. In addition, were identified six problems of OOD in detection strategies of problems of OOD. Conclusion: The openEHR Object Model gained new features and can reuse existing modules to solve a new problem. However, new requirements on existing resources can be difficult, as well as the adaptation of the project to new features. It also present difficulties to be learned and understood because of increase in the complexity.


Objetivo: Evaluar la calidad de Proyecto Orientado a Objeto (POO) del Modelo de Objetos del openEHR, utilizando métricas de orientación del objetos (OO). Método: Un estúdio experimental fue se llevó a cabo con artefactos de la implementación en Java del openEHR y con métricas OO del modelo de calidad QMOOD. Resultados: Ha identificado que los atributos de calidad Reusabilidad e Funcionalidad, han satisfecho las expectativas del modelo de calidad. Sin embargo los atributos Extensabilidad y Flexibilidad, han resultado ser inestables, mientras Facilidad de Comprensión ha establecido en baja. Además, se ha identificado seis problemas de POO en estrategias de detección de problemas de POO. Conclusión: El Modelo de Objetos del openEHR ha adquirido nuevas características y tiene la capacidad de reutilizar los módulos existentes para resolver un nuevo problema. Sin embargo, los nuevos requisitos sobre los recursos existentes puede ser engorroso, así como la adaptación del diseño para nuevos recursos. También presentan dificultades para aprender y comprender debido a la mayor complejidad.


Subject(s)
Electronic Health Records , Experimental Development , Program Evaluation , Software , Software Design , Empirical Research , Qualitative Research
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662456

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve medical equipment quality control management module to report medical equipment adverse events,evaluating medical equipment,managing medical metrology certificate and etc.Methods The module with four functions was developed with the original equipment management information system as well as the list structures of eq_measuring and eq_measuring_detailed and Microsoft Visual Studio 2010.Rwesults The system realized the management of adverse events,evaluation,scrapping and certificate,and could be used to master the quality of in-use equipment based on data analysis.Conclusion The system behaves well in stability and usage,and thus is worthy promoting for enhancing medical equipment quality coutrol and management.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660077

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve medical equipment quality control management module to report medical equipment adverse events,evaluating medical equipment,managing medical metrology certificate and etc.Methods The module with four functions was developed with the original equipment management information system as well as the list structures of eq_measuring and eq_measuring_detailed and Microsoft Visual Studio 2010.Rwesults The system realized the management of adverse events,evaluation,scrapping and certificate,and could be used to master the quality of in-use equipment based on data analysis.Conclusion The system behaves well in stability and usage,and thus is worthy promoting for enhancing medical equipment quality coutrol and management.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614475

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the effect of the video of head-eye movement training in vestibular rehabilitation.METHODS 37 patients aged between 30 and 76 years old with vestibular dysfunction underwent two weeks of rehabilitation with the video of head-eye movement training. The results of dizziness handicap inventory (DHI), dizziness analogue scale, and the Romberg static balance tests were recorded before and after the rehabilitation.RESULTS After the rehabilitation, there was significant decrease in the scores of DHI and dizziness analog scale(allP>0.001), and there was significant improvement in the time of Romberg static balance tests(P>0.001).CONCLUSION The video of head-eye movement training is an effective method in vestibular rehabilitation.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378876

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective: </b>Numerous new drugs have been developed in recent years, making the available types of prescription drugs quite diverse, with increasingly more complex drug interactions.  From an operations support system perspective, hospitals that cannot incorporate a large-scale custom-order system because of financial or use-efficiency limitations have no choice but to rely on commercial products.  However, this leaves many problems unsolved, such as functional restrictions and limited specifications.  In this study, we used Microsoft®Visual Basic®for Application (VBA) to develop an economical drug discrimination system suited to our situation and equipped with original function from the perspective of clinical pharmacists.<br><b>Design: </b>System design and development.<br><b>Methods: </b>We prototyped the system in VBA and used Microsoft®Excel®to create Query Tables.  The utility of the new system was evaluated based on drug discrimination output and time required in each process.<br><b>Results: </b>The new system is capable of inter-database communication and automated data analysis and uses drop-down lists of pre-defined options for data input in many places.  Compared with the conventional method, the new system enabled us to significantly reduce the average time needed to input and confirm data by as much as 61.9%.  This indicates that the new system can considerably reduce the time required for completing time-intensive processes and is also useful in preparing highly precise drug discrimination reports.<br><b>Conclusion: </b>Based on the results obtained so far, the new, original system, developed with zero design or development costs, is more efficient and offers more reliable information in the clinical setting than the conventional system.  As a result, we are able to maintain operational quality and reduce the amount of time required for drug discrimination.

18.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 331-333,352, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603395

ABSTRACT

Objective To design a measuring system for operative gestures used for the crew in armored vehicles. Methods The MEMS sensor was used to collect gesture parameters of important parts of four crew members,such as the head, neck,trunk,arms,legs.The infrared tracking auxiliary measurement was used to calibrate the gesture parameters of arms of drivers.The wireless transceiver was used to transmit data to the control unit for preprocessing and then send the data to the collector for storage, before being transmitted to the back-end computers.A software system was used to process and display the body posture parameters.Results and Conclusion The system can mesure the operative gestures of the crew and provide means by which to analyze the kinematics for the crew in armored vehicles.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479029

ABSTRACT

〔Abstract〕 The paper analyzes the current situation and problems existing in the operation and maintenance of hospital information platforms, provides solutions for establishing the hospital information operation and maintenance system , and elaborates functions which should be equipped in the system from aspects of resource constraints , checking -in, the real -name system, authority, information completeness, openness, real-time tracking and positioning, publicity of the person -in-charge, relevance display, etc.

20.
J. health inform ; 6(2)abr.-jun. 2014. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-724286

ABSTRACT

Nowadays information and communication technologies have been used to solve many health issues. Because of this, new studies are necessary to develop innovative tools in order to solve problems related to accessibility. The purpose of this paper is the development of an application for mobile devices, targeted to the Android platform, aiming to help people with disabilities to communicate. It is assumed that these people don?t have severe mobility issues, but have some of speech disorders. User interfaces and audiovisual features were created to improve the interaction between users and listeners with a total of 372 audiovisual features, considering 6 categories, 36 activities, 144 complementary phrases, along with 186 audio files. The result of this paper is the creation of new software to help people with speech disorders considering aspects of mobility and accessibility through the use of information and communication technologies...


Atualmente as tecnologias da informação e comunicação têm sido utilizadas para resolver problemas da área da saúde. Por estas razões novos estudos são necessários para o desenvolvimento de ferramentas inovadoras com o objetivo de resolver problemas relacionados a acessibilidade. A proposta desse trabalho é o desenvolvimento de um aplicativo para dispositivos móveis, direcionados para plataforma Android, com objetivo de ajudar pessoas com dificuldade de comunicar. Ao definir que essas pessoas não possuam dificuldade motora severa, mas que tenham distúrbios de fala. Telas do aplicativo e recursos audiovisuais foram criados para melhorar a interação entre usuários e ouvintes, com um total de 372 recursos de audiovisual, considerando 6 categorias, 36 atividades, 144 complementos de frases, com 186 arquivos de áudio. O resultado desse trabalho é a criação de um novo software para auxiliar pessoas com distúrbios de fala, ao considerar aspectos de mobilidade e acessibilidade através do uso de tecnologias da informação e comunicação...


En la actualidad las tecnologias de la información y las comunicaciones han sido usadas para resolver muchos problemas de salud. A causa de esto, nuevos estudios son necesarios para desarrollar herramientas inovadoras que permitan resolver problemas relacionados con la accesibilidad. El proposito de este paper es el desarrollo de una aplicación para dispositivos mobiles, orientado a la plataforma Android, con el fin de ayudar personas con discapacidades de comunicación. Se asume que estas personas no tengan problemas severos de mobilidad, pero que tengan algunos problemas de habla. Intefaces de usuario y herramientas audiovisuales fueron creadas para mejorar la interacción entre los usuarios y los oyentes para un total de 372 herramientas audiovisuales, considerando 6 categorias, 36 actividades, 144 frases complementarias, junto con 186 archivos de audio. Los resultados de este paper es la creación de un nuevo software para ayudar gente con problemas de habla considerando aspectos de mobilidad y accesibilidad mediante el uso de las tecnologias de la informacion y las comunicaciones...


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Services Accessibility , Information Technology , Mobile Applications , Software , Speech Disorders
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