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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910124

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of translabial ultrasound (TLUS) in female periurethral benign solid lesions (PBSL).Methods:Twenty-one female patients (21 lesions) with PBSL identified pathologically within the process of cystoscope or surgery from June 2017 to December 2020 were enrolled. All of them underwent urethral examination (UE) and TLUS. The detection rates of the lesions of UE and TLUS were compared, and the ultrasonic diagnostic accuracy and ultrasonic manifestations were analyzed.Results:Sixteen of the 21 patients showed lower urinary tract symptoms (76.19%). Among the 21 lesions, the detection rates of UE and TLUS were 52.38% (11/21) and 85.71% (18/21), respectively, the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.019). The length of 18 lesions detected by TLUS was (1.79±1.04)cm, and 13 lesions (72.22%) were shorter than 3 cm. Among 18 cases, urethral caruncle (13 cases) was the most common benign periurethral mass, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral caruncle showed hyperecho lesions in the middle and distal urethra, and the blood flow was mostly in a branch-like distribution. At the same time, there were 5 cases of urethral myoma and other solid lesions, the main ultrasonic manifestations of urethral myoma showed clear boundary, low echo and peripheral short strip blood flow. Using pathological results as the gold standard, the accuracy of ultrasonic diagnosis was 88.89% (16/18). Conclusions:TLUS is able to improve the detection rate of periurethral benign solid lesions, and the diagnostic concordant rate is acceptable.TLUS can provide more diagnostic and therapeutic information.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514373

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigates the role of duodenum and bile duct preserving pancreatic head resection (DBPPHR) in treatment of benign or low-grade malignant diseases located in the head of pancreas.Methods The clinical data of 31 patients who underwent DBPPHR between April 2012 to May 2016 in Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital and Zhangzhou Municipal Hospital of Fujian Province were analyzed retrospectively.Results Of the 31 patients,4 patients underwent laparoscopic DBPPHR.One patient in the open group was converted to pancreaticoduodenectomy.For the open group,the mean operation time was (165.3 ±63.6) min;the mean estimated blood loss was (258.1 ± 156.9) ml;and the mean postoperative stay was (11.7 ± 6.3) days.The postoperative complications included 1 reoperation due to postoperative bleeding,1 bile leakage and 13 patients developed grade A pancreatic fistula (48.2%).For the laparoscopic group,the mean operation time was 350.0 (280.0 ~ 450.0) min;the mean estimated blood loss was 425.0 (250.0 ~600.0) ml;and the mean postoperative stay was 14 days.Three patients developed postoperative pancreatic fistula (grade A).The pathological diagnosis were:12 patients with pancreatolithiasis,8 patients with serous cystadenoma,4 patients with branched intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm,5 patients with neuroendocrine tumor and 2 patients with mucinous cystadenoma.The follow-up period was 1 ~ 48 month,and there was no patient with diabetes or diarrhea.Conclusions DBPPHR was safe and efficacious.It is less invasive to treat benign or low-grade malignant diseases located in the head of pancreas.

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