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1.
Acta de Otorrinolaringología Cir. Cabeza cuello. ; 50(1): 36-44, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1363378

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en el campo de la salud, cada decisión representa datos, y las técnicas de minería de datos han empezado a ser una metodología prometedora para el análisis de esta información, especialmente en el diseño de los modelos predictivos. Métodos: estudio observacional analítico de pacientes mayores de 15 años, con reporte de punción de aspiración con aguja fina con estudio Bethesda IV, sometidos a manejo quirúrgico en el Hospital de San José de Bogotá. Los datos recogidos de los pacientes se incluyeron en tres grupos: la información sociodemográfica y clínica, los hallazgos en la citología y los reportes de la ecografía. Se realizó el análisis mediante Naive-Bayes, árbol de decisión y redes neuronales. Se usó la herramienta Weka versión 3.8.2. Resultados: de los 427 pacientes, 195 tuvieron resultados de patología de carcinoma de tiroides (45,6 %). Se evidenciaron mejores resultados usando la validación cruzada (10 fold) comparado con partición (66 %), la técnica de Bayes tuvo mejores resultados de clasificación correcta (91,1 %), comparado con la técnica de árbol (87,8 %) y la red neuronal (88,2 %). Conclusiones: el uso de la técnica de Naive Bayes muestra una importante exactitud para determinar la predicción de riesgo de malignidad en los pacientes con estudio citológico Bethesda IV, lo cual permitiría orientar de forma adecuada el manejo quirúrgico de los pacientes


Introduction: In the health field, each decision represents data, and data mining techniques have begun to be a promising methodology for the analysis of this information, especially in the design of predictive models. Methods: Analytical observational study; patients older than 15 years with a report of Bethesda IV after a fine needle aspiration biopsy that undergoing surgical management at the Hospital de San José in Bogotá. The data collected from those patients were included in three groups: sociodemographic-clinical information, cytology findings, and ultrasound reports. Analysis was performed using three technics: Naive Bayes, decision trees, and neural networks. Weka tool version 3.8.2 was used. Results: 195 patients out of 427, had a thyroid carcinoma pathology (45.6%). Better results were evidenced using cross-validation (10 fold) compared with a partition (66%), the Bayes technique had better results of correct classification (91.1%), than the tree technique (87.8%) and neural network (88.2%). Conclusions: The use of the Naive Bayes technique shows an important accuracy to determine the prediction of risk of malignancy in patients with a Bethesda IV cytological study, which would allow an adequate guide to the surgical management of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Data Mining
2.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(4): 692-705, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355743

ABSTRACT

Resumen | Introducción. La modificación de las normas sobre medicina nuclear en Colombia ha afectado la administración de la terapia de yodo radioactivo en el tratamiento del cáncer de tiroides. Objetivos. Determinar las áreas de acuerdo en torno al problema, los requisitos actuales y los nuevos exigidos en la normativa para el funcionamiento de los servicios de medicina nuclear. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio Delphi de dos rondas con cada grupo de expertos, 'clínicos' y 'de entidades reguladoras'. En la primera ronda se exploraron los puntos de vista sobre las implicaciones de la normativa en medicina nuclear y, en la segunda, se calificaron las declaraciones de la primera según su relevancia. Resultados. La problemática de los servicios de medicina nuclear está relacionada con la claridad normativa, y la falta de sinergia y coherencia entre los organismos de inspección, vigilancia y control. Las exigencias del sistema de gestión de desechos requieren una alta inversión económica que puede influir en la oferta del servicio y repercutir en el control integral del cáncer de tiroides. Entre las necesidades presentes y futuras, se encuentran la unificación de criterios entre los auditores, la delimitación de funciones de los actuantes, la asistencia técnica para cumplir con la normativa, y la veeduría a los organismos de inspección, vigilancia y control por parte de los entes reguladores. Conclusión. Los hallazgos del estudio sugieren que los servicios de medicina nuclear atraviesan un momento de múltiples desafíos institucionales, normativos y económicos, que ponen en riesgo el desarrollo y mantenimiento de la medicina nuclear en la atención oncológica.


Abstract | Introduction: Colombia has modified the nuclear medicine norms that impact the administration of radioactive iodine therapy in the treatment of thyroid cancer. Objective: To identify the areas of agreement regarding the issue, as well as the current and emergent requirements associated with the normative for the operation of nuclear medicine services that have an impact on the care of patients with thyroid cancer in Colombia. Materials and methods: We conducted a two-round Delphi study for each expert, clinical, and regulatory group. The first round explored views on the implications of the regulations that apply to nuclear medicine. The second round rated the statements from the first round by their relevance. Results: The issues regarding nuclear medicine services were related to the normative clarity and the lack of synergy and coherence among inspection, surveillance, and control bodies. The demands on the waste management system require a high economic investment that can influence the service offer and have an impact on the integral control of thyroid cancer. Unification of the auditors' criteria, delimitation of the acting agent functions, technical assistance to the services to comply with the normative, and the oversight of the inspection, surveillance, and control bodies by the regulatory entities are among the current and future needs. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that nuclear medicine services are going through a time of multiple institutional, regulatory, and economic challenges that put at risk the development and maintenance of nuclear medicine in cancer care.


Subject(s)
Thyroid Neoplasms , Nuclear Medicine , Radioisotopes , Radioactive Waste , Health Services
3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 682-695, 20210000. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365770

ABSTRACT

Abstract Coexistence between thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism is rare, and most of the nodular lesions from which a malignant tumor is documented in this group of patients correspond to cold nodules. Justified by the increasing number of reports in the literature about malignant tumors diagnosed from hot nodules, a systematic review was carried out to determine possible factors associated with the diagnosis of thyroid cancer from hot nodules in patients with hyperthyroidism. The results suggest that the clinical diagnosis of toxic nodular goiter, nodular lesions of diameter > 10 mm and a histological type compatible with a follicular carcinoma, are factors that on their own increase the risk of making the diagnosis of cancer from a hot nodule.


Resumen La coexistencia entre cáncer de tiroides e hipertiroidismo es infrecuente, y la mayoría de las lesiones nodulares a partir de las cuales se documenta un tumor maligno en este grupo de pacientes corresponden a nódulos fríos. Justificado en el creciente número de reportes en la literatura acerca de tumores malignos diagnosticados a partir de nódulos calientes, se realizó una revisión sistemática que tuvo como objetivo determinar los posibles factores asociados con el diagnóstico de cáncer de tiroides a partir de nódulos calientes en pacientes con hipertiroidismo. Los resultados sugieren que el diagnóstico clínico de bocio nodular tóxico, lesiones nodulares de diámetro mayor de 10 mm y tipo histológico compatible con carcinoma folicular, son factores que aumentan por sí solos el riesgo de realizar el diagnóstico de cáncer a partir de un nódulo caliente.

4.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(4): 428-435, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339097

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Thyrotropin-stimulated thyroglobulin (STg) after total thyroidectomy is a prognosis marker for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). As Tg level is influenced by thyrotropin (TSH), perhaps the STg/TSH ratio is also a prognosis marker for these tumours. We aimed to compare STg/TSH ratio and first STg level in differentiated thyroid carcinoma patients for their ability to predict the long-term response to initial treatment. Subjects and methods: This retrospective study evaluated data from 181 DTC patients for first (1st) STg and STg/TSH ratio, at 1-3 months post-total thyroidectomy and before iodine-131 therapy, according to response to initial therapy [Excellent/Indeterminate or Incomplete (Biochemical/Structural)] observed at final evaluation, and with the survival time with excellent/indeterminate response. Results: Cases with incomplete response presented higher STg level [225.13 ± 585.26 ng/mL versus (vs) 20.4 ± 192.9 ng/mL; p < 0.001] and STg/TSH ratio (3.01 ± 7.8 vs 0.27 ± 2.58; p < 0.001). Cutoffs of 5 ng/mL for STg and 0.085 for STg/TSH displayed sensitivities of 76.7% and 76.9%, and specificities of 79.2% and 82.6%, respectively, in predicting response to therapy. Values below these cutoffs were associated with longer survival time in excellent/indeterminate response (140.4 vs 15.9 and 144.6 vs 15.9 months, respectively). Conclusion: STg/TSH ratio has a similar performance to the 1st STg in predicting long-term response to initial therapy.

5.
Arch. méd. Camaguey ; 25(4): e8304, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339124

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento : el carcinoma diferenciado de tiroides representa la neoplasia maligna más frecuente en endocrinología, su presentación clínica y diagnóstico se han modificado gracias a la disponibilidad de herramientas tales como el ultrasonido tiroideo y la biopsia por aspiración con aguja fina. Objetivo : caracterizar de forma clínica ultrasonográfica e histológica el cáncer de tiroides. Métodos : se realizó un estudio transversal y descriptivo en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital General Docente Abel Santamaría Cuadrado de la provincia Pinar del Río desde el 1ro enero de 2016 hasta el 31 diciembre de 2019. El universo de estudio quedó constituido por 119 pacientes y la muestra por 91 seleccionados a través de un muestreo probabilístico aleatorio simple. Los datos se obtuvieron de las historias clínicas. Para el análisis de la información se utilizó el sistema estadístico Statistical Package for Social Sciences, se confeccionó una base de datos en Excel, se aplicó análisis univariado de carácter descriptivo, se utilizaron estadígrafos descriptivos como la distribución de frecuencias absoluta y relativa. Se utilizó la prueba no paramétrica Chi cuadrado para datos cualitativos con un nivel de significación del 95 % (p<0,05). Resultados : en la serie predominó el sexo femenino y grupo etareo de 50-59 años de edad, los afectados de piel blanca, sobrepesos y obesos. El bocio, las microcalcificaciones y los bordes mal definidos fueron los factores de riesgo asociados a la malignidad con significación estadística. El carcinoma papilar tiroideo resultó el más común. Conclusiones : el diagnóstico del carcinoma tiroideo es complejo y su conducta tiene un enfoque multidisciplinario, existen elementos clínicos-epidemiológicos, imagenológicos e histológicos para diagnosticar el mismo.


ABSTRACT Background : differentiated thyroid carcinoma represents the most frequent malignant neoplasm in endocrinology; its clinical presentation and diagnosis have been modified thanks to the availability of tools such as thyroid ultrasound and fine needle aspiration biopsy. Objective : to characterize the thyroid cancer in a clinically ultrasound-graphical and histological way. Methods : a cross-sectional and descriptive study was carried out in patients treated in the Oncology and Endocrinology services of the Abel Santamaría Cuadrado Hospital in the Pinar del Río province in the period from January 2016 to December 2019. The universe of the study consisted of 119 patients and the sample of 91 selected through a simple random probability sampling. Data were obtained from medical records. For the information analysis, the Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used, an Excel database was created, a descriptive univariate analysis was applied, and descriptive statistics such as the absolute and relative frequency distribution were used. The non-parametric Chi square test was used for qualitative data with a significance level of 95% (p <0.05). Results : in the series predominated the female sex and etareo-group of 50 t 59 year of age, those with white skin, overweight and obese predominated in the series. The goiter, micro-calcifications, and poorly defined borders were the risk factors most associated with malignancy. Papillary thyroid carcinoma was the most common. Conclusions : the diagnosis of the thyroid carcinoma is complex and its conduct has a multidisciplinary approach, there are clinical-epidemiological, imaging and histological elements to diagnose thyroid cancer.

6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 682-695, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291253

ABSTRACT

La coexistencia entre cáncer de tiroides e hipertiroidismo es infrecuente, y la mayoría de las lesiones nodulares a partir de las cuales se documenta un tumor maligno en este grupo de pacientes corresponden a nódulos fríos. Justificado en el creciente número de reportes en la literatura acerca de tumores malignos diagnosticados a partir de nódulos calientes, se realizó una revisión sistemática que tuvo como objetivo determinar los posibles factores asociados con el diagnóstico de cáncer de tiroides a partir de nódulos calientes en pacientes con hipertiroidismo. Los resultados sugieren que el diagnóstico clínico de bocio nodular tóxico, lesiones nodulares de diámetro mayor de 10 mm y tipo histológico compatible con carcinoma folicular, son factores que aumentan por sí solos el riesgo de realizar el diagnóstico de cáncer a partir de un nódulo caliente


Coexistence between thyroid cancer and hyperthyroidism is rare, and most of the nodular lesions from which a malignant tumor is documented in this group of patients correspond to cold nodules. Justified by the increasing number of reports in the literature about malignant tumors diagnosed from hot nodules, a systematic review was carried out to determine possible factors associated with the diagnosis of thyroid cancer from hot nodules in pa-tients with hyperthyroidism. The results suggest that the clinical diagnosis of toxic nodular goiter, nodular lesions of diameter > 10 mm and a histological type compatible with a follicular carcinoma, are factors that on their own increase the risk of making the diagnosis of cancer from a hot nodule


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms , Hyperthyroidism , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Adenocarcinoma, Follicular , Systematic Review
7.
An. Fac. Med. (Perú) ; 82(2): 155-160, abr.-jun 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339089

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La calidad de vida luego de la cirugía de la glándula tiroides es tan importante como el control de la enfermedad. Para mejorar los resultados cosméticos y la satisfacción del paciente se usan abordajes endoscópicos usando incisiones fuera de la región cervical. La tiroidectomía transoral endoscópica no deja ninguna cicatriz visible en la piel y es una técnica quirúrgica segura. Se presenta el caso de una paciente mujer de 29 años con una tumoración benigna de la glándula tiroides con síntomas compresivos y preocupaciones estéticas, sometida a hemitiroidectomia derecha mediante abordaje transoral vestibular endoscópico en un tiempo de 150 minutos y sangrado mínimo. Los resultados son comparables con la técnica quirúrgica abierta, con un mejor resultado estético y mejora en la calidad de vida.


ABSTRACT Quality of life after thyroid gland surgery is as important as disease control. To improve cosmetic results and patient satisfaction, endoscopic approaches are used using incisions outside the cervical region. Endoscopic transoral thyroidectomy does not leave any visible scarring on the skin. We present the case of a 29-year-old female patient with a benign thyroid gland tumor with compressive symptoms and aesthetic concerns, who underwent a right hemithyroidectomy by means of an endoscopic transoral vestibular approach in a time of 150 minutes and minimal bleeding, without complications in the postoperative period. The transoral endoscopic vestibular approach for endoscopic resection of the thyroid gland is safe and the results are comparable with the open surgical technique, with a better cosmetic result and improved quality of life.

8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 248-256, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223908

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los microcarcinomas papilares de tiroides son tumores de hasta 10 mm en su diámetro mayor. Su tratamiento es sujeto de debate y se propone, desde seguimiento clínico, hasta intervención quirúrgica temprana. Este estudio buscó identificar factores de riesgo relacionados con compromiso ganglionar, que permitan una mejor selección de los pacientes en nuestro medio, en quienes se propone manejo quirúrgico inmediato o vigilancia activa, en consonancia con la clasificación del riesgo de progresión. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte analítica ambispectiva que incluyó pacientes con microcarcinoma papilar de tiroides llevados a tiroidectomía más vaciamiento central. Se caracterizó la población y se realizó un análisis de regresión logística multivariado para definir factores preoperatorios asociados al compromiso ganglionar. Adicionalmente, se evaluó de manera retrospectiva la eventual asignación a grupos de riesgo de progresión, según los criterios de Miyauchi, y su comportamiento respecto al estado nodal. Resultados. Se incluyeron 286 pacientes. El 48,9 % presentó compromiso ganglionar, y de estos, el 33,5 % presentó compromiso ganglionar significativo, que modificó su clasificación de riesgo de recaída. De estos últimos, el 59,5 % hubiesen sido manejados con vigilancia activa, según los criterios propuestos por Miyauchi. Se identificó que la edad menor de 55 años, los ganglios sospechosos en la ecografía y los nódulos mayores de 5 mm, se relacionan con compromiso ganglionar significativo. Discusión. El manejo quirúrgico inmediato parece ser una opción adecuada para pacientes con sospecha de compromiso ganglionar en ecografía preoperatoria, pacientes menores de 55 años y nódulos mayores de 5 mm. Es posible que los actuales criterios para definir vigilancia activa no seleccionen adecuadamente a los pacientes en nuestro medio.


Introduction. Papillary thyroid microcarcinomas are tumors up to 10 mm in greatest diameter. Its treatment is subject of debate, and it is proposed from clinical follow-up to early surgical intervention. The aim of the study was to identify risk factors related to lymph node involvement, which allow a better selection of patients in our setting, in whom immediate surgical management or active surveillance is proposed, in accordance with the classification of risk of progression.Methods. Ambispective analytic cohort study that included patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma who underwent thyroidectomy and central dissection. The population was characterized and a multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to define preoperative factors associated with lymph node involvement. Additionally, eventual assignment to progression risk groups, according to the Miyauchi criteria, and their nodal state were evaluated.Results. 286 patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma were included. Among them, 48.9% had lymph node disease, and 33.5% had a significant lymph node disease that increased their relapse risk classification. Of the latter, 59.5% could have had a conservative treatment, under Miyauchi's criteria. For ages < 55 years old, suspect nodes in ultrasound and nodules > 5 mm were identified as related to significant lymph node involvement.Discussion. Immediate surgical management appears to be an appropriate option for patients with suspected lymph node involvement on preoperative ultrasound, patients younger than 55 years and nodules larger than 5 mm. It is possible that the current criteria for defining active surveillance do not adequately select patients in our setting.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroidectomy , Thyroid Neoplasms , Neck Dissection , Carcinoma, Papillary , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary , Lymphatic Metastasis
9.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(1): e869, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289487

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El riesgo de malignidad de un nódulo de tiroides se puede estratificar a partir de los signos ecográficos. Varios sistemas se han empleado con este fin, aunque sin consenso sobre cuál usar. Objetivo: Evaluar la utilidad diagnóstica, para enfermedad nodular, de los signos ecográficos, así como de cuatro sistemas de estratificación del riesgo de malignidad. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo que incluyó 151 nódulos de tiroides. A través de la ecografía tiroidea se identificó composición, ecogenicidad, forma, márgenes y focos ecogénicos. El riesgo de malignidad de cada nódulo se estimó según cuatro sistemas de estratificación. Fueron diagnosticados benigno o maligno según estudio citológico, cirugía o seguimiento mínimo de dos años. Se identificó la relación entre las características clínicas, así como los sistemas de estratificación del riesgo y el diagnóstico con chi-cuadrado. Se calculó sensibilidad, especificidad, valor predictivo positivo, valor predictivo negativo y precisión diagnóstica de cada signo ecográfico. Resultados: Se encontró relación entre los antecedentes familiares y el examen físico con el diagnóstico de malignidad. La mejor precisión diagnóstica correspondió a composición quística (90,0 %), anecoico (90,1 %), márgenes irregulares (95,4 %) y calcificaciones periféricas (92,7 %). Todos los sistemas ecográficos de estratificación del riesgo de malignidad, fueron capaces de discriminar adecuadamente entre lesiones malignas y benignas (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: El mayor riesgo de malignidad lo presentaron nódulos sólidos, hipoecoicos, con márgenes irregulares y microcalcificaciones. Los cuatro sistemas de estratificación del riesgo de malignidad son adecuados, aunque el Colegio Americano de Radiología resulta más preciso.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The risk of malignancy of a thyroid nodule can be stratified from ultrasound signs. Various systems have been used for this purpose, although without consensus on which to use. Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic utility, for nodular disease, of the ultrasound signs, as well as of four systems of stratification of the risk of malignancy. Methods: A prospective study was conducted that included 151 thyroid nodules. Thyroid ultrasound identified composition, echogenicity, shape, margins and echogenic foci. The risk of malignancy of each nodule was estimated according to four stratification systems. They were diagnosed benign or malignant according to cytological study, surgery, or a minimum follow-up of two years. The relationship between the clinical characteristics was identified, as well as the risk stratification systems and the chi-square diagnosis. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and diagnostic precision of each ultrasound sign were calculated. Results: A relationship was found between family history and physical examination with the diagnosis of malignancy. The best diagnostic precision corresponded to cystic composition (90.0%), anechoic (90.1%), irregular margins (95.4%) and peripheral calcifications (92.7%). All the ultrasound risk stratification systems for malignancy were able to adequately discriminate between malignant and benign lesions (p <0.05). Conclusions: The highest risk of malignancy was presented by solid, hypoechoic nodules, with irregular margins and with microcalcifications. All four malignancy risk stratification systems are adequate, although the American College of Radiology is more accurate.

10.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 25(1): 92-97, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154423

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The Thyroid-Related Patient-Reported Outcome (ThyPRO) is a new thyroid-specific quality of life patient-reported outcome measure for benign thyroid disorders. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the face validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability of the Thai version of the ThyPRO (ThyPROth). Methods The translation of the ThyPRO questionnaire was performed using double forward translation, reconciliation, single backward translation, and cognitive debriefing, followed by a panel review. Five thyroid patients evaluated the face validity. The internal consistency and test-retest reliability were evaluated in 30 patients with thyroid diseases. Results The overall validity score was 3.75 (range 0-4). The Cronbach α coefficient ranged from 0.76 to 0.95, with a total coefficient of 0.97 (95 % CI 0.962-0.959), indicating excellent internal consistency. The test-retest reliability coefficient ranged from 0.70 to 0.97. All values were 0.70 and above. The total reliability coefficient was 0.86 (95 % CI 0.724-0.932), indicating excellent reliability. Conclusion The ThyPROth was found to be valid and to exhibit good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The questionnaire is ready for implementation in the assessment of health-related quality of life in Thai patients with benign thyroid diseases.

11.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 37(1): 44-49, Ene-Jun 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147879

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de describir las recidivas de carcinoma papilar de tiroides (CPT) en pacientes tiroidectomizados atendidos en el Servicio Autónomo Oncológico del estado Lara, se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal de recolección retrospectiva de datos de 140 historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico de CPT registrados durante el lapso 2006-2017. Los pacientes incluidos se caracterizaron por un promedio de edad de 46,67 ± 13,94 años, siendo los más afectados los grupos de 41-50 años y 51-60 años; se observó un predominio del sexo femenino (86,33%). La intervención quirúrgica más realizada en estos pacientes fue la tiroidectomía total (44,29%) y tiroidectomía total con vaciamiento ganglionar (41,43%); 35,71% de los pacientes recibieron Iodo-131 como tratamiento adyuvante. El porcentaje de recidivas fue de 4,29%, siendo las recidivas más frecuentes la local y regional (33,33%, respectivamente); 66,67% de los casos de recidiva aparecieron en los primeros 5 años. De los pacientes con recidivas, 50% se les practicó tiroidectomía total y recibieron Iodo-131. Con estos resultados se aporta información epidemiológica actual sobre el CPT en nuestro centro con el fin de contribuir en la preparación de los servicios de cirugía y oncología para la atención de este grupo de pacientes(AU)


With the aim of describing the recurrences of papillary thyroid carcinoma in thyroidectomized patients treated at the Autonomous Oncology Service of Lara State, a cross-sectional descriptive retrospective study was conducted examining 140 medical records of patients with a diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma registered during the period 2006-2017. Patients had an average age of 46.67 ± 13.94 years, being the most affected the 41-50 years and 51-60 years groups (26.43%, respectively); a predominance of females was observed (86.33%). The most performed surgical intervention was total thyroidectomy (44.29%) and total thyroidectomy with lymph node dissection (41.43%). Likewise, 35.71% received Iodine-131 as adjuvant treatment. The percentage of recurrences was 4.29%, being the most frequent local and regional with a prevalence of 33.33%, respectively; in addition, 66.67% of recurrences appeared during the first 5 years; 50% of these patients underwent total thyroidectomy and received Iodine-131. With these results, current information is provided in order to contribute to the preparation of surgical and oncological services for the care of cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma. It is important to maintain oncological follow-up in order to evaluate the evolution and prognosis of the different types of recurrences according to the place of appearance(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Thyroidectomy , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Iodine/therapeutic use , Medical Oncology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
12.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 763-766, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912964

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the advantages of Da Vinci robotic thyroidectomy in treatment of the unilateral papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC).Methods:The clinical data of 49 patients with unilateral thyroid cancer admitted to the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from June 2018 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into Da Vinci robotic group (the experimental group, 18 cases) and conventional surgery group (the control group, 31 cases) according to the surgical method. The clinicopathological characteristics, perioperative and postoperative related indexes changes, length of hospital stay, incidence of surgical complications, and operation cost of both groups of patients were analyzed. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate postoperative pain.Results:There were statistically significant differences in age, marriage and education background of both groups (all P < 0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the number of central lymph node dissection [(4.3±2.0) vs. (6.5±3.9)], operation time [198.5 min (166.3 min, 228.5 min) vs. 82.0 min (60.0 min, 102.0 min)], pain score of 24 h after surgery [3 scores (3 scores, 4 scores) vs. 2 scores (2 scores, 3 scores)], postoperative total drainage volume [49.0 ml (40.8 ml, 56.5 ml) vs. 37.0 ml, (29.0 ml, 44.0 ml)], operation cost [33,200 yuan (33,100 yuan, 34,000 yuan) vs. 5,200 yuan (4,200 yuan, 5,900 yuan)], and differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). No postoperative complications such as hemorrhage, fat liquefaction and subcutaneous ecchymosis occurred in all patients of the two groups. Conclusion:Da Vinci robotic thyroidectomy is safe and reliable in treatment of the unilateral PTMC, and it has good therapeutic effects.

13.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 737-741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912959

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expressions of glutathione S-transferases M1 (GSTM1) and glutathione S-transferases M2 (GSTM2) in follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) and their clinical significances.Methods:Gene expression profile of GSE82208 generated from 52 human thyroid samples, including 27 cases of FTC and 25 cases of follicular adenoma (FA) were collected from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. The gene matrix data were extracted and analyzed, and then differentially expressed genes (DEG) between FTC and FA were identified by using Limma package. Immunohistochemical SABC method was used to detect the expression levels of GSTM1 and GSTM2 proteins in FTC tissues and FA tissues collected from 56 FTC samples and 56 FA samples in Dandong First Hospital of Liaoning Province from January 2000 to December 2020. The relationship between GSTM1 and GSTM2 was analyzed; the association of expression levels of GSTM1 and GSTM2 with the clinicopathological factors of FTC patients was also analyzed.Results:Based on the GEO database, a total of 40 DEG were identified, including 9 up-regulated DEG (GSTM1, GSTM2, COL6A2, CUX2, CLUH, TSC2, OGDHL, ACADVL, SDHA) and 31 down-regulated DEG in FTC. The immunohistochemistry results of samples resected showed that the positive rates of GSTM1 and GSTM2 proteins in FTC tissues were higher than those in FA tissues [71.4% (40/56) vs. 23.2% (13/56), 80.4% (45/56) vs. 14.3% (8/56)], and differences were statistically significant ( χ2 values were 26.11 and 49.03, both P < 0.01). The expressions of GSTM1 and GSTM2 in FTC tissues were correlated with clinical staging, invasion degree and distant metastasis (all P < 0.05), but not with gender, age and tumor diameter (all P>0.05). There was a positive correlation between GSTM1 and GSTM2 proteins expressions in FTC ( r = 0.384, P = 0.004). Conclusions:The expression levels of GSTM1 and GSTM2 in FTC are increased. The interaction between GSTM1 and GSTM2 proteins can be involved in the development and progression of FTC.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911731

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Objective:To investigate the relationship of HRAS gene mutation and lymph node metastasis and ultrasonographic characteristics in differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC).Methods:The clinical data of 162 patients with DTCs who underwent thyroidectomy and confirmed by postoperative pathological examination in Beijing Friendship Hospital from January 2014 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 139 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC group) and 23 patients with follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC group); the PTC were further classified as classic variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CVPTC, n=34), follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC, n=36) and tall cell variant (TCV, n=69). Tissue HRAS mutation frequency was detected in 162 DTC patients and 19 patients with follicular adenoma (FA); blood HRAS mutation frequency was detected in 195 healthy subjects. The correlation between HRAS mutation (IVS1-82del gctgggcctggg) and cervical lymph node metastasis was analyzed, and the ultrasonographic characteristics of DTC patients were also analyzed. Results:The frequency of HRAS mutation in DTC patients was higher than that in healthy controls[37.0%(60/162) vs. 26.2%(51/195), χ2=4.538, P=0.03], while there was no significant difference between FTC and FA [39.1%(9/23) vs. 5/19, χ2=0.769, P=0.38]. In DTC patients there was no significant difference in cervical lymph node metastasis between HRAS mutation group and wild type group [57.3% (43/75) vs. 42.6% (32/75), χ2=1.898, P=0.16]. Among CVPTC, FVPTC and TCV patients, the rates of cervical lymph node metastasis were 7/12, 8/14 and 48.0% (12/25) in HRAS mutation group, while those were 50.0% (11/22), 40.9% (9/22) and 43.1% (19/44) in wild-type group, respectively (χ2=1.009, P=0.98).There were 9 patients with HRAS mutation in FTC group, and the cervical lymph node metastasis in mutation group and wild-type group was 5/9 and 4/14, respectively ( P=0.38). The ultrasonographic characteristics of PTC patients with HRAS mutation were more likely to have clear boundaries [66.7%(34/51) vs. 42.0%(37/88); χ 2=7.833, P<0.01] and not close to the membrane[84.3%(43/51) vs. 65.9%(58/88);χ2=5.506, P=0.02]. Conclusion:DTC patients are more likely to have HRAS (IVS1-82del gctgggcctggg) mutation, and the ultrasonic characteristics of DTC patients with HRAS mutation are likely to have clear boundaries and be not close to the membrane.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911624

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Objecfive:To investigate the clinical characteristics and surgical management of tumor invasion on recurrent laryngeal nerve at the entrance of larynx in thyroid cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 30 patients with recurrent laryngeal nerve invasion by thyroid cancer from Aug 2012 to Aug 2018 in Cangzhou Central Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into groups A (14 cases ,nerve was invaded at the larynx) and group B (16 cases,nerve was involved in other parts).Results:Between the two groups, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, number of tumor focus, adhesion and infiltration were not statistically different ( P>0.05). The tumor size in group A was smaller ( t=-3.614, P=0.001), the lymph node metastasis rate was lower ( χ2=5.593, P=0.018), and the microcancer rate was higher ( χ2=4.051, P=0.044).Follow up data up to 24 months showed there were no significant difference in postoperative hoarseness , laryngoscope abnormality and recurrence rate between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:Patients of thyroid cancer with recurrent laryngeal nerve invasion at the larynx had relatively small tumor size, higher proportion of microcancer, lower rate of lymph node metastasiss.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911604

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Objective:To investigate the correlation between cervical lymph node metastasis,extra thyroidal extension and other clinicopathologic features and BRAF V600E gene mutation abundance in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods:The clinicopathologic data of 123 PTC patients admitted from Jan 2018 to Oct 2020 in Peking University People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. All the PTC cases were examined by next generation sequencing technology. BRAF V600E gene mutation abundances were detected and analyzed with different clinicopathologic features, and differences between groups were compared. Results:There were statistical differences compared to control group in BRAF V600E gene mutation abundances in lymph node metastasized group and extra thyroidal extended group(all P<0.05). BRAF V600E gene mutation abundances were positively related with severity of extra thyroidal extension( P<0.05). Conclusion:BRAF V600E gene mutation abundance was related with cervical lymph node metastasis and extra thyroidal extension in PTC patients.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911570

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Objective:To investigate the expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) protein and BRAF V600E protein in thyroid papillary carcinoma (PTC) and their relationship with clinical factors of PTC. Methods:The expression of ERα and BRAF V600E protein in 1 105 PTC patients was detected by immunohistochemistry. The relationship among ERα, BRAF V600E protein and clinical factors were analyzed. Results:Positive ERα protein was correlated with maleness (χ 2= 6.087, P=0.001), age< 45 years old (χ 2=5.197, P=0.023) and multifocal tumors (χ 2=4.446, P=0.035). Positive BRAF V600E protein was correlated with positive ERα protein (χ 2=6.209, P=0.013), Hashimoto thyroiditis (χ 2=29.388, P<0.001), no lateral lymph node metastasis (χ 2=6.849, P=0.009) and multifocal tumors (χ 2=9.596, P=0.035). Conclusions:ERα expression is more common in male patients, patients younger than 45 years of age, those with multifocal tumors and positive BRAF V600E protein. BRAF V600E protein may inhibit Hashimoto's thyroiditis, tumor growth and the occurrence of lateral lymph node metastasis, and promote the occurrence of multiple focal tumors.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911569

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Objective:To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in obese children and adolescents.Methods:From Jan 2012 to Dec 2015, 59 school-age PTC children and adolescents admitted to Tianjin First Central Hospital and Tianjin Medical University Tumor Hospital were recruited for retrospective case-control study. By using the chi-square test, the clinicopathological characteristics of obese children and adolescents with papillary thyroid carcinoma were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the factors significantly related to the recurrence.Results:Compared with patients of normal weight, overweight and obese patients were older (χ 2=4.250, P=0.039), and had multifocal tumors (χ 2=5.281, P=0.022) and higher recurernce rate (χ 2=4.861, P=0.027) .Compared with normal-weight children and adolescents with PTC, overweight or obese children and adolescents with PTC significantly had higher recurrence rate (χ 2=4.466, P=0.035); In addition, tumor diameters >1 cm (χ 2=5.453, P=0.020) and patients with multifocal tumors (χ 2=7.218, P=0.007) were also more likely to suffer recurrence. Conclusion:Among children and adolescent patients with papillary thyroid cancer, obesity is significantly related to multifocal tumors and higher recurernce rate.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911567

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Objective:To compare toally endoscopic thyroidectomy(TET) with open thyroidectomy(OT) in the treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer.Methods:Data of 190 patients at Liuzhou People's Hospital from Jul 2017 to Dec 2019 were analyzed. Patients were divided into endoscopic surgery group ( n=95) and open surgery group ( n=95). Results:The operation time and the hospital stay in endoscopic group were longer than that in open surgery group[(153±25) min vs. (116±17) min, (5.56±1.08) d vs.(5.08±1.04) d, t=11.827,3.083, both P<0.05)]. There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss [(33±14) ml vs. (37±16) ml, t=-1.851 P>0.05], recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis, hypoparathyroidism and wound complications (4% vs. 9%, 9% vs. 15%,1% vs. 3%, all P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the number of central lymph node dissection between the two groups (6.12±3.54 vs. 6.35±4.75, t=-0.404, P<0.05). The length of scar in endoscopic group was shorter [(3.03±0.27) cm vs. (6.47±0.53) cm, t=-56.138, P<0.05), and the postoperative cosmetic score evaluated by the patients was higher (8.76±0.75 vs. 7.39±0.76, P<0.05), than those in open group. There were no tumor recurrence nor metastasis in neither group by short term follow-up. Conclusions:TET is similar to OT on clinical curative effectiveness for differentiated thyroid carcinoma while carries a better cosmetic result .

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911566

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Objective:To evaluate the clinical and ultrasonographic features for early diagnosis and prediction of lateral cervical lymph node metastasis of medullary thyroid microcarcinoma.Methods:From Jan 2010 to Jan 2020 233 patients undergoing primary surgery were categorized as "medullary thyroid microcarcinoma" and "medullary thyroid macrocarcinoma". The preoperative clinical and ultrasonographic characteristics, the diagnostic positive rate of preoperative serum calcitonin and fine needle aspiration (FNA) were investigated between two groups. All patients with medullary thyroid microcarcinoma were divided on the basis of wether there was lateral cervical lymph node metastasis.Results:There were statistically significant differences in initial diagnostic method(χ 2=32.290, P=0.000), TNM staging(χ 2=50.300, P=0.000) between medullary thyroid microcarcinoma and medullary thyroid macrocarcinoma. Medullary thyroid microcarcinoma showed more malignant ultrasonic features. The diagnostic accuracy of preoperative serum calcitonin was higher than FNA for medullary thyroid micro carcinoma(χ 2=47.933, P=0.000). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that the abutment/perimeter ≥1/4( OR=25.475, 95%CI: 2.320-279.771), preoperative serum calcitonin >65 ng/L( OR=32.663, 95%CI:2.433-438.409) were the independent factor for lateral cervical lymph node metastases of medullary thyroid microcarcinoma. Conclusions:The combination of ultrasonography and serum calcitonin helps establish early diagnosis of medullary thyroid microcarcinoma. Medullary thyroid microcarcinoma with the abutment/perimeter ≥1/4, serum calcitonin >65 ng/L predicts lateral cervical lymph node metastases.

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