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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246592, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339408

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have great potential for application in cell therapy and tissue engineering procedures because of their plasticity and capacity to differentiate into different cell types. Given the widespread use of MSCs, it is necessary to better understand some properties related to osteogenic differentiation, particularly those linked to biomaterials used in tissue engineering. The aim of this study was to develop an analysis method using FT-Raman spectroscopy for the identification and quantification of biochemical components present in conditioned culture media derived from MSCs with or without induction of osteogenic differentiation. All experiments were performed between passages 3 and 5. For this analysis, MSCs were cultured on scaffolds composed of bioresorbable poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) polymers. MSCs (GIBCO®) were inoculated onto the pure polymers and 75:25 PHBV/PCL blend (dense and porous samples). The plate itself was used as control. The cells were maintained in DMEM (with low glucose) containing GlutaMAX® and 10% FBS at 37oC with 5% CO2 for 21 days. The conditioned culture media were collected and analyzed to probe for functional groups, as well as possible molecular variations associated with cell differentiation and metabolism. The method permitted to identify functional groups of specific molecules in the conditioned medium such as cholesterol, phosphatidylinositol, triglycerides, beta-subunit polypeptides, amide regions and hydrogen bonds of proteins, in addition to DNA expression. In the present study, FT-Raman spectroscopy exhibited limited resolution since different molecules can express similar or even the same stretching vibrations, a fact that makes analysis difficult. There were no variations in the readings between the samples studied. In conclusion, FT-Raman spectroscopy did not meet expectations under the conditions studied.


Resumo As células-tronco mesenquimais (MSCs) possuem grande potencial para aplicação em procedimentos terapêuticos ligados a terapia celular e engenharia de tecidos, considerando-se a plasticidade e capacidade de formação em diferentes tipos celulares por elas. Dada a abrangência no emprego das MSCs, há necessidade de se compreender melhor algumas propriedades relacionadas à diferenciação osteogênica, particularmente liga à biomateriais usados em engenharia de tecidos. Este projeto objetiva o desenvolvimento de uma metodologia de análise empregando-se a FT-Raman para identificação e quantificação de componentes bioquímicos presentes em meios de cultura condicionados por MSCs, com ou sem indução à diferenciação osteogênica. Todos os experimentos foram realizados entre as passagens 3 e 5. Para essas análises, as MSCs foram cultivadas sobre arcabouços de polímeros biorreabsorvíveis de poli (hidroxibutirato-co-hidroxivalerato) (PHBV) e o poli (ε-caprolactona) (PCL). As MSCs (GIBCO®) foram inoculadas nos polímeros puros e na mistura 75:25 de PHBV / PCL (amostras densas e porosas). As células foram mantidas em DMEM (com baixa glicose) contendo GlutaMAX® e 10% de SFB a 37oC com 5% de CO2 por 21 dias. A própria placa foi usada como controle. Os meios de cultura condicionados foram coletados e analisadas em FT-Raman para sondagem de grupos funcionais, bem como possíveis variações moleculares associadas com a diferenciação e metabolismo celular. Foi possível discernir grupos funcionais de moléculas específicas no meio condicionado, como colesterol, fosfatidilinositol, triglicerídeos, forma Beta de polipeptídeos, regiões de amida e ligações de hidrogênio de proteínas, além da expressão de DNA. Na presente avaliação, a FT-Raman apresentou como uma técnica de resolução limitada, uma vez que modos vibracionais de estiramento próximos ou mesmo iguais podem ser expressos por moléculas diferente, dificultando a análise. Não houve variações nas leituras entre as amostras estudadas, concluindo-se que a FT-Raman não atendeu às expectativas nas condições estudadas.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Polyesters , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Culture Media, Conditioned , Cell Proliferation , Tissue Scaffolds
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920560

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effects of red LEDs on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of human stem cells from apical papilla (hSCAPs).@*Methods@#hSCAPs were obtained by isolation, culture and flow cytometry in vitro and irradiated with 1, 3, 5, and 7 J/cm2 red LEDs. The proliferation of hSCAPs was detected using a CCK-8 assay. The osteogenic differentiation of hSCAPs was evaluated using alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining, ALP activity assay and Alizarin red quantitative detection. The effect of 5 J/cm2 red LEDs on the expression levels of the ALP, Runx2, OCN, OPN and BSP genes and proteins was detected by RT-PCR and western blot, respectively.@*Results@# Red LEDs at 1, 3, 5, and 7 J/cm2 promoted the proliferation of hSCAPs (P < 0.05). The effects of red LEDs with different light energies on the proliferation of hSCAPs were different at different time points (P < 0.05). On the 7th and 14th days after irradiation, red LEDs promoted the osteogenic differentiation of hSCAPs, and the effect of 5 J/cm2 red LEDs was the most obvious under osteogenic induction culture conditions (P<0.05). Red LEDs (5 J/cm2) promoted the expression of the ALP, Runx2, OCN, OPN and BSP genes and proteins (P < 0.05).@*Conclusion @#Red LEDs promoted the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hSCAPs.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907000

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To study the regulatory effect of coiled-coil domain containing 134 (CCDC134) on the osteogenic differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs).@*Methods @# HDPSCs were isolated and cultured from dental pulp tissue and transfected with NC-CCDC134, shCCDC134 and CCDC134 lentiviruses. They were divided into the control group, negative control group, CCDC134 downregulation (shCCDC134) group and CCDC134 overexpression (CCDC134) group. Surface markers of hDPSCs (Stro-1, CD105, CD34, CD45) were detected by flow cytometry; colony formation was analyzed by toluidine blue staining; ALP expression was estimated by ALP staining; mineralized nodule formation was evaluated by alizarin red staining; lipid droplet formation was examined by oil red staining; and gene and protein expression of CCDC134, Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteocalcin (OCN), bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), and mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 1 (SMAD1) was detected by qPCR and western blot, respectively. Further, a BMP-2 activator (BMP-2) and inhibitor (Dorsomorphin) were used to down-regulate and up-regulate CCDC134, respectively (shCCDC134, shCCDC134+BMP-2, CCDC134, CCDC134+Dorsomorphin), in hDPSCs. The hDPSC aggregates were subcutaneously transplanted into nude mice for 2 months, and new bone formation was detected by H&E staining. The BMP-2/SMAD1 signaling in each group was detected by qPCR.@*Results@#hDPSCs showed high expression of mesenchymal markers and low expression of hematopoietic markers. Compared with the control group, the expression of CCDC134 was increased in the osteogenic-induced hDPSCs (P < 0.05). Compared with the negative control group, the expression of CCDC134 was decreased in the shCCDC134 group, whereas it was increased in the CCDC134 group (P < 0.05). The mineralized nodules, osteogenic genes and proteins in the shCCDC134 group were decreased (P < 0.05), while they were increased in the CCDC134 group (P < 0.05). The expression of BMP-2/SMAD1 signaling decreased in the shCCDC134 group, while it increased in the CCDC134 group (P < 0.05). Compared to the shCCDC134 group, osteogenic genes and proteins increased in the shCCDC134+BMP-2 group, and subcutaneous new bone formation increased in nude mice (P < 0.05). The indexes of the CCDC134+Dorsomorphin group decreased compared with the CCDC134 group (P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#CCDC134 promotes the osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs by regulating the BMP-2/SMAD1 signaling pathway.

4.
International Eye Science ; (12): 44-48, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906727

ABSTRACT

@#Vision loss can occur when the cornea loses transparency or changes shape. The most effective treatment to restore vision is to use full or partial layers of donor cornea for corneal transplantation. However, there is a severe shortage of donor corneas worldwide, with more than 98.5% of patients with corneal blindness waiting for donor corneas. In addition, there exist some problems such as the possibility of infection, allotransplantation immunologic rejection, and other problems after corneal transplantation. Therefore, tissue-engineering corneas have been widely studied over the years as a viable alternative to donor corneas, with different materials and methods. And in nearly ten years, the research has had breakthrough progress. The ultimate goal of the research is to construct a full or partial tissue-engineering graft with good transparency, biocompatibility, and appropriate mechanical strength to repair, regenerate, or replace diseased corneas. This review discusses the research progress and existing problems about the most frequently studied natural biomaterials in recent years. These biomaterials include amniotic membrane, acellular cornea, collagen, and silk. In addition to the future research directions, other challenges related to the biomaterials discussed in this field are illustrated.

5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 36: e022, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1364602

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Despite the crucial role of osteoclasts in the physiological process of bone repair, most bone tissue engineering strategies have focused on osteoblast-biomaterial interactions. Although Biosilicate® with two crystalline phases (BioS-2P) exhibits osteogenic properties and significant bone formation, its effects on osteoclasts are unknown. This study aimed to investigate the in vitro and in vivo effects of BioS-2P on osteoclast differentiation and activity. RAW 264.7 cells were cultured in osteoclastogenic medium (OCM) or OCM conditioned with BioS-2P (OCM-BioS-2P), and the cell morphology, viability, and osteoclast differentiation were evaluated. BioS-2P scaffolds were implanted into rat calvarial defects, and the bone tissue was evaluated using tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining and RT-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) after 2 and 4 weeks to determine the gene expressions of osteoclast markers and compare them with those of the bone grown in empty defects (Control). OCM-BioS-2P favored osteoclast viability and activity, as evidenced by an increase in the TRAP-positive cells and matrix resorption. The bone tissue grown on BioS-2P scaffolds exhibited higher expression of the osteoclast marker genes (Ctsk, Mmp 9, Rank) after 2 and 4 weeks and the RankL/Opg ratio after 2 weeks. Trap gene expression was lower at 2 weeks, and a higher number of TRAP-stained areas were observed in the newly formed bone on BioS-2P scaffolds at both 2 and 4 weeks compared to the Controls. These results enhanced our understanding of the role of bioactive glass-ceramics in bone repair, and highlighted their role in the modulation of osteoclastic activities and promotion of interactions between bone tissues and biomaterials.

6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 30: e20210359, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365004

ABSTRACT

Abstract Regenerative approaches using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been evaluated to promote the complete formation of all missing periodontal tissues, e.g., new cementum, bone, and functional periodontal ligaments. MSCs derived from bone marrow have been applied to bone and periodontal defects in several forms, including bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) and cultured and isolated bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs). This study aimed to evaluate the periodontal regeneration capacity of BMAC and cultured BM-MSCs in the wound healing of fenestration defects in rats. Methodology: BM-MSCs were obtained after bone marrow aspiration of the isogenic iliac crests of rats, followed by cultivation and isolation. Autogenous BMAC was collected and centrifuged immediately before surgery. In 36 rats, fenestration defects were created and treated with suspended BM-MSCs, BMAC or left to spontaneously heal (control) (N=6). Their regenerative potential was assessed by microcomputed tomography (µCT) and histomorphometry, as well as their cell phenotype and functionality by the Luminex assay at 15 and 30 postoperative days. Results: BMAC achieved higher bone volume in 30 days than spontaneous healing (p<0.0001) by enhancing osteoblastic lineage commitment maturation, with higher levels of osteopontin (p=0.0013). Defects filled with cultured BM-MSCs achieved higher mature bone formation in early stages than spontaneous healing and BMAC (p=0.0241 and p=0.0143, respectively). Moreover, significantly more cementum-like tissue formation (p<0.0001) was observed with new insertion of fibers in specimens treated with BM-MSCs within 30 days. Conclusion: Both forms of cell transport, BMAC and BM-MSCs, promoted bone formation. However, early bone formation and maturation were achieved when cultured BM-MSCs were used. Likewise, only cultured BM-MSCs were capable of achieving complete periodontal regeneration with inserted fibers in the new cementum-like tissue.

7.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(2): 146-150, Mar.-Apr. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280111

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We propose a novel surgical technique in cases of aggressive recurrent pterygium non-subsidiary of treatment with conjunctival autografts or antimetabolites. Two presented cases were treated with surgical excision and a sutured plasma rich in growth factors membrane (mPRGF) followed by rich in growth factors (PRGF) eye drops treatment. After surgery, dexamethasone, tobramycin and PRGF eye drops were prescribed for 6 weeks. After a 12-month and 3-year post-surgical follow-up respectively, treated eyes with mPRGF did not present relapse, and visual acuity improved in both cases. No ocular complications, pain, eye discomfort nor other symptoms were observed. The combined use of PRGF eye drops and mPRGF seems an effective and safe therapy for recurrent pterygium.


RESUMO Nós propomos uma nova técnica cirúrgica em casos de pterígio agressivo recorrente não subsidiário de tratamento com autoenxertos conjuntivais ou antimetabólitos. Dois casos foram tratados com excisão cirúrgica e um plasma suturado rico em membrana de fatores de crescimento (mPRGF), seguido de tratamento com colírios ricos em fatores de crescimento (PRGF). Após a cirurgia, foram prescritos colírios de dexametasona, tobramicina e PRGF por 6 semanas. Após 12 meses e 3 anos de acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico respectivamente, os olhos tratados com mPRGF não apresentaram recidiva e a acuidade visual melhorou nos dois casos. Não foram observadas complicações oculares, dor, desconforto ocular ou outros sintomas. O uso combinado de colírios de PRGF e mPRGF parece uma terapia eficaz e segura para o pterígio recorrente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Pterygium/surgery , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Ophthalmic Solutions , Recurrence , Reoperation , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Biological Dressings , Fibrin/therapeutic use , Platelet Activation , Tissue Transplantation/methods , Tissue Engineering
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 287-294, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154463

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Despite high success rates in the treatment of urinary incontinence, complications related to the use of polypropylene (PP) meshes are still a concern, especially in vaginal prolapses surgeries. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) coating on the integration of PP meshes implanted in the vaginal submucosa of rabbits. Materials and Methods: Thirty adult New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into two groups (n=15): PP, implanted with conventional PP meshes; and PRP, implanted with autologous PRP coated PP meshes. Animals in both groups (n=5) were euthanized at 7, 30 and 90 days postoperatively, the vaginas extracted and sent to immunohistochemical analysis for the assessment of the pro-inflammatory agent TNF-α, anti-inflammatory agents TGF-β and IL-13, collagen metabolism marker MMP-2, and angiogenesis marker CD-31. AxioVision™ image analysis was used for the calculation of the immunoreactive area and density. Statistical analysis was performed with ANOVA followed by Tukey test (p <0.05). Results: Animals in the PRP group showed significantly increased expression of the angiogenesis agent CD-31 at all experimental times when compared to the PP group (p <0.0001). However, no differences concerning the expression of the other markers were observed between the groups. Conclusion: The addition of autologous PRP gel to PP meshes can be simply and safely achieved and seems to have a positive effect on implantation site angiogenesis. Further investigations are required to ascertain PPR coated meshes clinical efficacy in prolapses and stress urinary incontinence surgeries.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Polypropylenes , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Rabbits , Surgical Mesh , Vagina/surgery , Collagen
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(4): e360404, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248541

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To use a 3D printed poly (L-lactide) acid (PLLA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) composite as a bone substitute for reconstruction of a critical bone defect in the radius of rabbits. Methods A 1.5 cm ostectomy was performed in the radial diaphysis of 60 New Zealand white rabbits. The rabbits were divided into three groups according to surgical treatment of the bone defect (group I - control, group II - bone graft, group III - 3D PLLA). Each group was divided into four subgroups with different radiographic and histopathologic evaluation times (T1 - 15 days, T2 - 30 days, T3 - 60 days, T4 - 90 days). Results The implant group had greater clinically lameness (p = 0.02), edema (p = 0.007), pain (p = 0.04) and more complications at the surgical site (p = 0.03). Histologically, this group showed greater congestion (p = 0.04), hemorrhage (p = 0.04) and inflammation. Osteogenesis was microscopically similar between days (p = 0.54) and treatments (p = 0.17), even though radiographically, more effective bone healing occurred in the graft group (II), with more callus and bone bridge formation. Conclusions The customization of a 3D PLLA/HA scaffold was successful. However, in animals receiving the polymer-ceramic composite less bone callus and bone bridge was formed compared to the graft group.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921882

ABSTRACT

To get an optimal product of orthopaedic implant or regenerative medicine needs to follow trial-and-error analyses to investigate suitable product's material, structure, mechanical properites etc. The whole process from


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Computer Simulation , Tissue Engineering
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921829

ABSTRACT

At present, acellular matrix is an effective replacement material for the treatment of skin damage, but there are few systematic evaluation studies on its performance. The experimental group of this study used two decellularization methods to prepare the matrix: one was the acellular matrix which sterilized with peracetic acid first (0.2% PAA/4% ethanol solution) and then treated with hypertonic saline (group A), the other was 0.05% trypsin/EDTA decellularization after γ irradiation (group B); and the control group was soaked in PBS (Group C). Then physical properties and chemical composition of the three groups were detected. Hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining showed that the acellular effect of group B was good. The porosity of group A and B were both above 84.9%. In group A, the compressive modulus of elasticity was (9.94 ± 3.81) MPa, and the compressive modulus of elasticity was (12.59 ± 5.50) MPa in group B. There was no significant difference between group A or B and group C. The total content of collagen in acellular matrix of group A and B was significantly lower than that of group C (1. 662 ± 0.229) mg/g, but there was no significant difference in the ratio of collagen Ⅰ/Ⅲ between group B and group C. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) showed that there was no significant difference in microstructure. Qualitative detection of fibronectin and elastin in each group was basically consistent with that in group C. Therefore, acellular matrix of group B had better performance as scaffold material. The experimental results show that the acellular matrix prepared by γ-ray sterilization and decellularization of 0.05% Trypsin enzyme/EDTA could be used for the construction of tissue-engineered skin. It could also provide reference for the preparation and mounting of heterogeneous dermal acellular matrix. It was also could be used for electrostatic spinning or three-dimensional printed tissue engineered skin scaffold which could provide physical and chemical parameters for it.


Subject(s)
Acellular Dermis , Cells, Cultured , Extracellular Matrix , Porosity , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 4024-4035, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921483

ABSTRACT

Decellularized extracellular matrix (dECM), which contains many proteins and growth factors, can provide three-dimensional scaffolds for cells and regulate cell regeneration. 3D bioprinting can print the combination of dECM and autologous cells layer by layer to construct the tissue structure of carrier cells. In this paper, the preparation methods of tissue and organ dECM bioink from different sources, including decellularization, crosslinking, and the application of dECM bioink in bioprinting are reviewed, with future applications prospected.


Subject(s)
Bioprinting , Extracellular Matrix , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921384

ABSTRACT

Framework nucleic acid (FNA) is a set of DNA nanostructures characterized by the framework morphology. It can design rational DNA sequences and follow the principle of complementary base pairing to construct FNA. The recent discovery of FNA constructed by DNA nanotechnology has great application potential in the field of bone regene-ration. It plays a positive role in the osteogenic differentiation of stem cells, bone regeneration, vascular regeneration, neuromodulation, immune regulation, and drug delivery. Here, we reviewed the current study findings on FNA in the field of bone regeneration.


Subject(s)
Bone Regeneration , Nanostructures , Nanotechnology , Nucleic Acids , Osteogenesis , Tissue Engineering
14.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 292-297, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of adipose tissue decellularized matrix hydrogel (DAT-gel) on the repair of sciatic nerve defect in rats.Methods:From April, 2019 to April, 2020, aseptic granular adipose tissue was collected from healthy adult women who underwent thigh or abdominal liposuction in the Department of Plastic Surgery, the First Medical Centre of the PLA General Hospital. Decellularisation and enzymatic digestion of adipose tissue were performed to prepare DAT-gel. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to observe the ultrastructure of the hydrogel, and rheology was employed to test the gel dynamics and viscoelasticity of the hydrogel. A rat model of sciatic nerve defect was established and randomly divided into 3 groups: simple chitin catheter group (Chitin group), DAT-gel plus chitin catheter group (DAT-gel group) and autologous nerve reverse connection group (Autograft group) with 10 rats in each group. At the 12th week after surgery, the general view, function and morphology of the regenerated nerve were observed to evaluate the repairing status of the injured nerve. One-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) was used for data analysis. If the difference between the groups was statistically significant, the Turkey method was further used for pairwise comparison. P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results:The results of SEM showed that the DAT-gel had a three-dimensional structure in porous fibre network. The results of rheological test results showed that the complex viscosity of the hydrogel at 4 ℃ and 37 ℃ were 148.91 mPa·s and 801.29 mPa·s, respectively. DAT-gel underwent a sol-gel phase transition when the temperature had been increased. The results showed that DAT-gel had a good temperature-sensitive effect, and its critical point of sol-gel phase transition was similar to the internal temperature of rat. The results of animal experiments showed that the morphology and function of the regenerated nerve in the DAT-gel group were superior to Chitin group at 12 weeks after surgery, according to macroscopic view of the regenerated nerve, electrophysiology of the nerve, the morphology of the new axon and the target muscle, etc.. There was statistically significant between groups ( P<0.05). Conclusion:DAT-gel can significantly promote a repair of sciatic nerve defects in rats.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908776

ABSTRACT

Three-dimensional(3D)extrusion-based bioprinting is widely used in tissue engineering and regener-ative medicine to create cell-incorporated constructs or scaffolds based on the extrusion technique.One critical issue in 3D extrusion-based bioprinting is printability or the capability to form and maintain reproducible 3D scaffolds from bioink(a mixture of biomaterials and cells).Research shows that printability can be affected by many factors or parameters,including those associated with the bioink,printing process,and scaffold design,but these are far from certain.This review highlights recent de-velopments in the printability assessment of extrusion-based bioprinting with a focus on the definition of printability,printability measurements and characterization,and printability-affecting factors.Key issues and challenges related to printability are also identified and discussed,along with approaches or strategies for improving printability in extrusion-based bioprinting.

16.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 710-714, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907510

ABSTRACT

At present, trachea reconstruction by tissue engineering technology of 3D bio-printing has become an ideal method for repairing long-segment trachea after injury, and how to select printing materials to manufacture appropriate tissue engineering trachea is the key to ensure the perfect survival of trachea grafts in the human body. Bioink is a cellular formula containing bioactive ingredients that could make or break the 3D printed tissue-engineered trachea. It is particularly important to find a bio-ink that has good biocompatibility and can print biological structures with high mechanical strength. This paper aims to review the advantages and disadvantages of bio-ink made of different materials, current application status and clinical application of 3D printed tissue-engineered trachea, so as to promote the clinical transformation of tissue-engineered trachea as soon as possible and put into practical clinical application systematically.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907440

ABSTRACT

Tissue engineering refers to the combination of cells, biological materials and bioreactors to construct and develop three-dimensional artificial tissues and organs, which are ultimately used to enhance, repair or replace damaged or diseased tissues. Adipose stem cells(ADSCs) are derived from adipose tissue, have multi-directional differentiation potential, can secrete a variety of growth factors, and have the advantages of wide sources, simple acquisition, small trauma, and rapid expansion, making it an ideal seed cell in tissue engineering. Hydrogel is a kind of three-dimensional polymer network material that contains a lot of water. It has excellent biocompatibility, good elasticity, predictable degradation rate and adjustable mechanical properties. These advantages make hydrogel an excellent biomedical material. In recent years, the application of ADSCs combined with hydrogel materials in tissue engineering has received widespread attention, and its related research covers skin, fat, bone, cartilage, muscle, heart, nerve tissue engineering and other fields. In this review paper, the research progress of adipose-derived stem cells combined with hydrogel materials in tissue engineering was reviewed, and its future prospects were put forward.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the adhesion, growth and differentiation of rat neural stem cells (NSCs) on spinal cord acellular scaffold (SCAS) to evaluate its feasibility for spinal cord tissue engineering. Methods:NSCs derived from neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat cerebral cortex were cultured and identified. SCAS were prepared from female Sprague-Dawley rat spinal cord tissues using modified chemical extraction and physical oscillation, and evaluated. The third generation NSCs were planted on SCAS and co-cultured, the morphology of the cells on the scaffold was observed with immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry and scanning electron microscope. Results:The cultured cells were NSCs, which could proliferate and differentiate. The porosity, water content and enzymatic hydrolysis rates of the prepared SCAS were significantly higher than that of normal spinal cord (|t| > 4.679, P < 0.01). The matrix structure of SCAS was loosely network-like, with few residual nuclei. NSCs adhered and grew well, and differentiated into neurons and glial cells on SCAS. Conclusion:This kind of SCAS shapes multi-channel spatial structure and is suitable for NSCs adhesion, growth and differentiation, which can be used for spinal cord tissue engineering.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905227

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the problems of seed cells and biological scaffolds in spinal cord tissue engineering, and review the recent experimental research. Methods:Related literatures were searched in CNKI, Wangfang data, PubMed and Web of Science from establishment to March, 2021, and the problems and progress of seed cells, biological scaffolds and their combination were reviewed. Results:The problems of seed cells are carcinogenicity, immune rejection, ethics, low survival rate and differentiation rate after transplantation, and current researches focus on exploring new cell types, gene transfection, cell co-transplantation and pretreatment before transplantation. The problems of biological scaffold are that a single material selection cannot meet different needs, and the traditional technology cannot simulate the internal structure of spinal cord well. There were more researches focusing on new composite materials and new technology. The core problem of their combination is that the effects of different cell and scaffold combinations are different, and the current researches are mostly devoted to the continuous exploration of suitable composite mode, and try to introduce biological agents and other factors. Conclusion:Spinal cord tissue engineering has the potential to completely change the therapeutic pathway of spinal cord injury. Current experimental researches mainly base on solving the problems of seed cells and biological scaffolds of spinal cord tissue engineering, and further explore the appropriate composite mode of seed cells and biological scaffolds, so as to provide more basic evidence for its clinical application.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878420

ABSTRACT

Oromaxillofacial hard tissue defects is still a difficult problem in clinical treatment. Regeneration of oromaxillofacial hard tissue based on tissue engineering technology has a good clinical application prospect. The functional modification of scaffolds is one of key factors that influence the outcome of tissue regeneration. The biomimetic design of biomaterials through simulating the natural structure and composition of oromaxillofacial hard tissue has gradually become a research hotspot due to its advantages of simplicity and efficiency. In this article, the biomimetic modification of biomaterials for oromaxillofacial hard tissue regeneration is reviewed, expecting to provide a new idea for the treatment of oromaxillofacial hard tissue defect.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials , Biomimetics , Bone Regeneration , Dental Implants , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
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