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1.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288034

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Tracheoinnominate fistula (TIF) is a rare and frequently lethal complication of tracheostomies. Immediate bleeding control and surgical treatment are essential to avoid death. This report describes the successful endovascular treatment of TIF in a preschooler and reviews the literature concerning epidemiology, diagnosis, prophylaxis, and treatment of TIF in pediatric patients. Case description: A tracheostomized neurologically impaired bed-ridden three-year-old girl was admitted to treat an episode of tracheitis. Tracheostomy had been performed two years before. The child used a plastic cuffed tube continually inflated at low pressure. The patient presented two self-limited bleeding episodes through the tracheostomy in a 48h interval. A new episode was suggestive of arterial bleeding, immediately leading to a provisional diagnosis of TIF, which was confirmed by angiotomography, affecting the bifurcation of the innominate artery and the right tracheal wall. The patient was immediately treated by the endovascular placement of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)/nitinol stents in Y configuration. No recurrent TIF, neurological problems, or right arm ischemia have been detected in the follow-up. Comments: TIF must be suspected after any significant bleeding from the tracheostoma. Endovascular techniques may provide rapid bleeding control with low morbidity, but they are limited to a few case reports in pediatric patients, all of them addressing adolescents. Long-term follow-up is needed to detect whether stent-related vascular complications will occur with growth.


RESUMO Objetivo: As fístulas traqueoinominadas (TIF) são complicações raras e frequentemente letais das traqueostomias (TQT). Controle imediato do sangramento e tratamento cirúrgico são essenciais para evitar a morte. Este trabalho relata o tratamento endovascular bem-sucedido de uma TIF em um pré-escolar e revisa a literatura a respeito da epidemiologia, profilaxia, diagnóstico e tratamento de TIF em pacientes pediátricos. Descrição do caso: Uma criança de 3 anos de idade, com encefalopatia, restrita ao leito e traqueostomizada havia dois anos foi internada para tratar um episódio de traqueíte. A criança usava uma cânula plástica balonada continuamente inflada com baixa pressão. A paciente apresentou dois episódios autolimitados de sangramento pela traqueostomia em um intervalo de 48 horas. Um novo episódio foi sugestivo de sangramento arterial e assumiu-se o diagnóstico provisório de TIF, confirmado através de angiotomografia, atingindo a bifurcação da artéria inominada e a parede direita da traqueia. A paciente foi imediatamente tratada pela inserção endovascular de um enxerto de politetrafluoroetileno (PTFE)/nitinol em "Y". No seguimento, não foram encontradas recorrência de TIF, sequelas neurológicas ou isquemia do braço direito. Comentários: Deve-se suspeitar de TIF sempre que houver um sangramento significativo pelo traqueoestoma. Técnicas endovasculares possibilitam o rápido controle do sangramento com baixa morbidade, mas estão limitadas a poucos relatos de caso e pacientes pediátricos, sendo todos em adolescentes. O seguimento a longo prazo é necessário para avaliar se ocorrem complicações vasculares dos stents com o crescimento.

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924534

ABSTRACT

The frozen elephant trunk technique (FET) for the treatment of acute aortic dissection is associated with more favorable remodeling in the descending aorta compared to those patients without FET, but it may also be associated with postoperative spinal cord injury (SCI) and actually,some postoperative SCI cases after FET are reported. Several risk factors for SCI are known and one of them is due to the occlusion of intercostal arteries from false lumen. A 71-year-old woman underwent total arch replacement with FET, but after surgery, she noticed decreased movement in both lower extremities and was suspected of postoperative paraplegia. She went through cerebrospinal fluid drainage but didn't get better at all. According to the preoperative contrast computed tomography images, seven out of ten intercostal arteries were originating from the false lumen and six of them were occluded after surgery. When most of intercostal arteries are originating from the false lumen and there is no entry inside the descending and abdominal aorta, the intercostal arteries may be occluded due to thrombosis of the false lumen and it may cause spinal cord ischemia after surgery.

3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 261-264, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251106

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta (PAA) is a hazardous and potentially fatal cardiovascular disease. This condition is caused by the rupture of at least one layer of the vessel and contained by the remaining vascular layers or the surrounding mediastinal structures. We presented the surgical treatment of a patient with sepsis and large PAA and brachiocephalic trunk, which was compressing the brachiocephalic trunk leading to syncope.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Aneurysm, False/diagnostic imaging , Sepsis/complications , Aorta/surgery , Brachiocephalic Trunk/surgery , Brachiocephalic Trunk/diagnostic imaging
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908467

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the features of median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) in computed tomography angiography (CTA).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinical and imaging data of 56 patients with MALS who were admitted to Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of Medicine from November 2019 to October 2020 were collected. There were 30 males and 26 females, aged from 19 to 78 years, with a median age of 54 years. All 56 patients underwent CTA. Observation indicators: (1) CTA examination; (2) correlation analysis; (3) surgical situations. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages. Spearman correlation analysis with test level of 0.05 was used to analyze the correlation between celiac trunk stenosis and the distance between the original location of celiac trunk and original location of superior mesenteric artery and the minimum distance of celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery. Results:(1) CTA examination. ① Celiac trunk stenosis: results of cross sectional examina-tion of CTA showed that of 56 patients, there were 2 cases of celiac trunk occlusion, 10 cases of severe stenosis, 9 cases of moderate stenosis and 35 cases of mild stenosis. Results of sagittal examination of CTA showed that of 56 patients, there were 2 cases of celiac trunk occlusion, 21 cases of severe stenosis, 15 cases of moderate stenosis and 18 cases of mild stenosis. ② Examination of patients with different degree of vascular stenosis: according to the results of sagittal examination of CTA, the 2 cases with celiac trunk occlusion were negative for aneurysms, aortic dissection or vascular variations but positive for compensated varix of the anterior and posterior pancreatico-duodenal arches. Of the 21 cases with celiac trunk severe stenosis, 2 cases were positive for aneurysms, 1 case was positive for aortic dissection, 7 cases were positive for compensated varix of the anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal arches, 8 cases were positive for collateral circula-tions of anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal archs and 8 cases were positive for vascular variation. Of the 15 cases with celiac trunk moderate stenosis, 2 cases were positive for aneurysms, 3 cases were positive for aortic dissection, 2 cases were positive for compensated varix of the anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal arches, 4 cases were positive for collateral circulations of anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal archs and 7 cases were positive for vascular variation. Of the 18 cases with celiac trunk mild stenosis, 1 case was positive for aneurysms, 2 cases were positive for aortic dissection, 7 cases were positive for collateral circulations of the anterior and posterior pancreaticoduodenal arches, 6 cases were positive for vascular variation. All 56 patients were negative for ischemia of liver, spleen and stomach. ③ Original location of celiac trunk: of 56 patients, there were 43 cases had celiac trunk originated horizontally from the lower edge of T12 vertebral body, 2 cases had celiac trunk originated from the middle of T12 vertebral body, 1 case had celiac trunk originated from the upper part of T12 vertebral body, 7 cases had celiac trunk originated from the upper part of L1 vertebral body, 1 case had celiac trunk originated from the middle of L1 vertebral body and 2 cases had occluding celiac trunk. (2) Correlation analysis: results of sagittal observation on CTA examination showed the distance between the original location of celiac trunk and original location of superior mesenteric artery of the 56 patients was (6.0±4.0) mm. The distance between the original location of celiac trunk and original location of superior mesenteric artery of patients with celiac trunk mild, moderate or severe stenosis were (6.2±2.8)mm, (8.1±4.4)mm and (5.3±3.2)mm respectively. There were 23 cases of the 56 patients had the distance between the original location of celiac trunk and original location of superior mesenteric artery <5 mm. Results of correlation analysis showed that the degree of celiac trunk stenosis was not related to the distance between the original location of celiac trunk and original location of superior mesenteric artery ( r=?0.205, P>0.05). Results of sagittal observation on CTA examination showed the shortest distance between celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery of the 56 patients was (3.8±2.4)mm. The shortest distance between celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery of patients with celiac trunk mild, moderate or severe stenosis were (4.2±2.0)mm, (4.4±3.3)mm and (3.0±1.9)mm, respectively. There were 45 cases of the 56 patients had the shortest distance between celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery <5 mm. Results of correlation analysis showed that the degree of celiac trunk stenosis was not related to the shortest distance between celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery ( r=?0.249, P>0.05). (3) Surgical situations: of 56 patients, 2 cases were positive for clinical symptoms of abdominal pain, 54 cases were negative for clinical symptoms, 4 cases under-went surgical treatment and 52 cases not underwent surgical treatment. Of the 4 cases undergoing surgical treatment, 2 cases with abdominal pain were diagnosed as MALS by upper abdominal CTA. Celiac trunk of the 2 cases were severe stenosis and stents implantation under celiac arteriography were performed. Results of postoperative CTA showed celiac trunk was negative for obvious stenosis. The other 2 cases who were negative for clinical symptoms of MALS were planed to pancreaticoduo-denectomy for pancreatic head tumor. Results of preoperative CTA showed severe stenosis of celiac trunk and arterial bypass grafting was performed for the 2 cases during pancreaticoduodenectomy to alleviate liver ischemia caused by gastroduodenal artery ligation which would avoid the incidence of postoperative MALS associated complications. Result of postoperative CTA three-dimensional reconstruction showed the bypass vessel was unobstructed. Conclusion:Based on sagittal result of CTA examination, the stenosis of celiac trunk, the anatomical relationship between celiac trunk and arcuate ligament and the original location of celiac trunk of MALS patients can be evaluated.

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873934

ABSTRACT

In aortic surgery involving shaggy aorta, surgical strategy to avoid embolism is crucial for each case. We applied the frozen elephant trunk technique to a patient with shaggy aorta. A 79-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for conservative treatment of acute Type B aortic dissection. Dissecting aneurysms of the aortic arch and descending aorta were shown to have rapidly dilated according to CT three weeks later. Preoperative contrast CT showed an ulcerated shaggy aorta from the aortic arch to the mid portion of the descending aorta. To utilize the benefit of the stent compared with the classical elephant trunk technique, we proposed that the frozen elephant trunk technique would be helpful in prevention of embolism. We therefore planned total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique and performed thoracic endovascular aortic repair. We employed the frozen elephant trunk technique in the first operation and balloon protection of the superior mesenteric artery and the renal artery in the second operation. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course without thromboembolism. The frozen elephant trunk technique may be helpful for patients with shaggy aorta to avoid thromboembolic events.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904761

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of interscalene brachial plexus block and superior trunk block in arthroscopic shoulder surgery with 0.25% ropivacaine. Methods 46 patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopy surgery were included and randomly divided into group ISB (n=23) and group ST (n=23). Patients in group ISB received 10 ml 0.25% ropivacaine on the lateral side of C5 and C6. Patients in group ST were treated with 5 ml 0.25% ropivacaine on both sides of the superior trunk of brachial plexus. The diaphragmatic excursion, Numerical Rating Scale(NRS), duration of the block, handgrip strength were recorded at different time. Results No statistical difference was detected between the two groups in the reduction of diaphragmatic excursion within 30 min after block (P>0.05). Compared with ISB patients, ST patients had significantly less diaphragmatic excursion at 3 h after block(P<0.05). 30 minutes after block, 8.7% patients in ISB group reached complete HDP and 52.2% patients reached partial HDP. At the same time, no complete HDP and 26.1% partial HDP were detected in ST group. 3 hours after block, patients in ST group had lower complete HDP rate (0.0% vs 17.4%) and lower partial HDP rate (39.1% vs 65.2%) than patients in ISB group. At 30 minutes and 3 h after block, the reduction of grip strength in ST group was significantly lower than that in ISB group (P<0.001). ST group had lower NRS than ISB group (P<0.05). The average block time in ISB group (8.3±1.97 )h was significantly lower than that in ST group (10.9±1.26)h (P<0.01). Conclusion Superior trunk block with 10 ml 0.25% ropivacaine is superior compared to interscalene brachial plexus block in occurrence of HDP, decrease of grip strength, postoperative pain and block duration.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E963-E969, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920711

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the effect of trunk motion control on knee biomechanics during single-leg landing. Methods Twenty male healthy basketball players were recruited. The kinematics, kinetics parameters and surface electromyogram (EMG) of knee joints under trunk motion control during single-leg landing were studied by using Vicon motion Analysis system, Kistler force platform and Noraxon surface EMG system. Results Compared with natural landing, there were significant differences in flexion angle at initial contact moment, peak flexion angle and peak flexion moment during deeply inspiratory landing and landing with a stick, and a significantly larger flexion angle at initial contact moment, a larger peak flexion angle and smaller peak flexion moment were also found. Compared with natural landing, there was no statistical difference in peak valgus angle and peak valgus moment, as well as EMG activity of hamstrings, quadriceps muscles of the knee during deeply inspiratory landing and landing with a stick. Conclusions Deeply inspiratory landing or landing with a stick reduce the risk of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, and the results provide the theoretical basis for prevention of ACL injuries in basketball players during landing.

8.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 798-803, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical, laboratory and imaging characteristics of different subtypes of linear morphea (LM) , and to propose an appropriate approach to the diagnosis and severity assessment of LM.Methods:Clinical data were collected from patients with clinically and/or pathologically confirmed LM in Department of Dermatology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University from January 2018 to December 2019, and retrospectively analyzed.Results:A total of 107 patients with LM were enrolled into this study, including 63 with LM of the limbs/trunk, 22 with morphea en coup de sabre, 11 with progressive hemifacial atrophy and 11 with eosinophilic fasciitis. Disease severity was evaluated by using the modified localized scleroderma skin severity index (mLoSSI) and localized scleroderma skin damage index (LoSDI) scores in 88 patients, with the mLoSSI scores ranging from 0 to 51 points, and the LoSDI scores ranging from 0 to 40 points. Routine blood examination of 10 patients with eosinophilic fasciitis showed increased eosinophil counts in 4 patients. Thirteen (14.8%) of 88 patients with LM were positive for antinuclear antibody, with titers of ≥ 1∶320. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination showed ipsilateral cerebral hemisphere atrophy and contralateral white matter hyperintensity on T2-weighted images in 2 out of 4 patients with progressive hemifacial atrophy, myofascial thickening in 26 out of 28 patients with LM of the limbs/trunk (92.9%) , subcutaneous septal and myofascial thickening in all 11 patients with eosinophilic fasciitis.Conclusions:The preliminary assessment of disease activity, severity and prognosis of LM can be made by mLoSSI and LoSDI. MRI examination is recommended for patients with clinical signs of involvement of subcutaneous structures.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888305

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare therapeutic effects between nape acupuncture combined with manipulation and simple manipulation in treating cervicogenic headache, and to verify the synergistic effect of manipulation and nape acupuncture.@*METHODS@#Total 60 patients with cervicogenic headache were divided into two groups:nape acupuncture combined with manipulation group (group A) and manipulation group(group B). There were 30 patients in group A, including 12 males and 18 females with an average age of (41.37±12.09) years old, and an average course of disease of (23.73±15.54) months;there were 30 patients in the manipulation group (group B), including 14 males and 16 females with an average age of (42.40±12.05) years old, and an average course of disease of (25.53±14.33) months. In the group A, acupuncture therapy was performed firstly at the bilateral @*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the onset time of analgesia between the two groups[(5.97±3.21) min vs(7.30±3.97) min, @*CONCLUSION@#Nape needling can prolong the analgesic time of manipulation and improve the analgesic effect of manipulation.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Needles , Post-Traumatic Headache , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887267

ABSTRACT

The case is that of a 90-years-old man. A previous doctor performed abdominal graft replacement for an abdominal aortic aneurysm 5 years earlier and continued outpatient CT follow-up. Follow-up CT showed the right aortic arch and dilation of the thoracic aortic aneurysm, and the patient was referred to our hospital. Contrast-enhanced CT showed an aortic arch aneurysm ; the aneurysm diameter was 62 mm in major axis and 60 mm in minor axis, which was judged to be suitable for surgery. It was a rare right-sided aortic arch with no congenital heart malformation and no situs inversus. Endovascular treatment was considered because he was 90 years old and very elderly, but there were concerns about the risk of embolism, irregular manipulation and central landing. For the surgical method, we selected total arch replacement using a frozen elephant trunk technique. We succeeded in avoiding serious complications by selecting an appropriate treatment method through careful evaluation.

11.
Journal of Rural Medicine ; : 154-159, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887223

ABSTRACT

Objective: In 2020, coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) became the cause of a pandemic. In response, the Japan Sports Agency issued warnings about secondary damage to health, such as the threat to physical and mental well-being due to the lack of exercise in this situation. In this study, we report on cross-sectional and longitudinal examinations of standing trunk flexion to evaluate how temporary long-term school closures affected musculoskeletal function in elementary school students.Patients and Methods: All children in one public elementary school in T-city during the school years 2019 and 2020 were included in this study. A digital forward flexion meter was used to measure standing trunk flexion.Results: In this study, 284 (284/289: 98.3%) and 266 (266/274: 97.1%) children in school years 2020 and 2019, respectively, were found to have valid data for cross-sectional analysis. The standing trunk flexion did not show significant differences between grades or sexes. In the longitudinal analysis, the results of the comparison of standing trunk flexion in children for two consecutive years revealed significant differences only between grades 3 and 4 (P<0.05) and between girls in grades 3 and 4 (P<0.01), but no significant differences in other grades or among boys or girls were observed.Conclusion: Initially, we expected that there would be a difference in the results of functional assessment using standing trunk flexion depending on the period of absence from school. However, the results of this study showed no significant changes in standing trunk flexion. Moreover, since children’s musculoskeletal functions may be affected by various factors during the COVID-19 pandemic, they should be carefully monitored in the future.

12.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886199

ABSTRACT

Objective: We examined complications of the downstream aorta after the frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure. Methods: Complications were diagnosed in eight patients: true aneurysm alone in five patients; type A aortic dissection in two patients; and both true aneurysm and type B aortic dissection in one patient. Results: Elective surgery was performed in seven patients. Five patients received a Matsui-Kitamura stent graft (MKS) and three patients received a J Graft Open Stent Graft (JGOSG). The FET procedure was successfully applied in all cases. Over the long term, dilatation of the descending thoracic aorta (dTA) alone was identified in two patients and dilatation of the dTA and migration was identified in three patients using the MKS. Complications of graft kinking and migration were seen in one patient and distal stent graft-induced new entry in two patients using the JGOSG. Thoracic aortic stent graft repair was successfully performed for complications in seven patients. Conclusion: For the improvement of clinical results, FET devices need to offer flexibility and appropriate radial force.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880647

ABSTRACT

Type A aortic dissection (AD) is a critical and severe disease with high mortality. The Sun's operation is a standard surgical method for this kind of disease at present. For the procedure, an elephant trunk stent is inserted into the true lumen of the descending aorta and the aortic arch is replaced. A patient was admitted to the First Hospital of Lanzhou University due to sudden chest and back pain for 6 days. Computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed type A AD. Ascending aorta replacement, Sun's operation, and ascending aorta to right femoral artery bypass grafting were performed. After surgery, the patient's condition was worsened. The digital subtraction angiography (DSA) showed the elephant trunk stent was inserted into the false lumen of AD, leading to the occlusion of the large blood vessel at the distal part of the abdominal aorta and below. Although we performed intima puncture and endovascular aortic repair, the patient was still dead.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aorta, Abdominal , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Humans , Stents/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877617

ABSTRACT

The origin and basis of wrist-ankle acupuncture were discussed based on the theory of


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Ankle , Books , Silk , Wrist
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compared the clinical effect between triple needling combined with thermo-electroacupuncture at Huantiao (GB 30) and triple needling combined with electroacupuncture at Huantiao (GB 30) for trunk-sciatica.@*METHODS@#A total of 56 patients with trunk-sciatica were randomized into a triple needling combined with thermo-electroacupuncture group and a triple needling combined with electroacupuncture group, 28 cases in each group. In the triple needling combined with thermo-electroacupuncture group, triple needling combined with thermo-electroacupuncture at Huantiao (GB 30) was applied. In the triple needling combined with electroacupuncture group, triple needling combined with electroacupuncture at Huantiao (GB 30) was applied. Both groups were treated with acupuncture at Weizhong (BL 40), Yanglingquan (GB 34) and Chengshan (BL 57). The treatment was given once every 2 days, 10 days as one course for 2 courses. Before treatment, 1, 2 courses into treatment, the scores of pain rating index (PRI), pain visual analogue scale (VAS) and present pain intensity (PPI) were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The PRI, VAS and PPI scores 1, 2 courses into treatment were decreased in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Triple needling combined with thermo-electroacupuncture at Huantiao (GB 30) could effectively relieve pain in patients with trunk-sciatica, and the curative effect maybe better than triple needling combined with electroacupuncture at Huantiao (GB 30).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Sciatica , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877429

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Good trunk performance is important for activities such as sitting and standing. In a cohort of patients with stroke, we sought to evaluate changes in trunk performance after stroke, establish factors correlated to trunk performance and assess the impact of trunk performance on discharge ambulatory and functional status.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective review of the data of patients with stroke admitted to Tan Tock Seng Hospital rehabilitation centre, Singapore, over a two-year period. Data analysed included the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA), Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) of limb motor impairment and Functional Independence Measure-motor (FIM-motor) scores, which measures self-care ability. Trunk performance was assessed on the Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS).@*RESULTS@#577 patients with stroke (mean age 63.2 ± 11.8 years) were analysed. Truncal impairment was present in 96.4% of patients. Mean admission TIS score was 14.3 ± 6.1 and this improved to 17.2 ± 5.2 on discharge (p < 0.001). Admission TIS score was positively correlated with admission MOCA, FMA-upper limb and FMA-lower limb scores, and negatively correlated to NIHSS score and neglect. Admission TIS scores significantly predicted discharge FIM-motor scores (p < 0.001) and ambulatory status (p < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Truncal impairment was common and improvements in trunk performance were seen after rehabilitation. Trunk performance was significantly correlated to stroke severity, upper and lower limb motor power, cognition and neglect. As admission trunk performance predicted discharge functional and ambulatory status, it is recommended that trunk performance be evaluated for all patients with stroke.

17.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 462-467, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877120

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the influencing factors for the primary and secondary school students with abnormal angle of trunk rotation for the prevention.@*Methods@#The students of Grade Four to Nine in Jiashan County of Zhejiang Province were selected by cluster sampling method. A self-designed questionnaire was used to collect social demographic data, diet behaviors, physical activities, reading and writing habits. The angle of trunk rotation was measured by scoliometer. Logistic regression model was used to investigate the influencing factors for abnormal angle of trunk rotation. @*Results@#This study included 2 942 schoolchildren, with 1 582 ( 53.78% ) boys and 1 360 ( 46.23% ) girls. The incidence rate of abnormal angle of trunk rotation was 7.82%. The incidence rate of abnormal angle of trunk rotation in girls was 10.74%, which was higher than 5.31% in boys ( P<0.05 ). Grade ( OR=1.485, 95%CI: 1.058-2.085 ), gender ( OR=2.084, 95%CI: 1.536-2.828 ), frequency of eating fresh vegetables in the past week ( OR=0.749, 95%CI: 0.633-0.887 ) and watching electronic screen in the dark ( OR=1.188, 95%CI: 1.002-1.408 ) were the influencing factors for abnormal angle of trunk rotation in primary and secondary school students. Grade ( OR=2.664, 95%CI: 1.481-4.791 ) and watching electronic screen in the dark ( OR=1.325, 95%CI: 1.030-1.704 ) were influencing factors for abnormal angle of trunk rotation in boys. Frequency of eating fresh vegetables in the past week ( OR=0.714, 95%CI: 0.574-0.887 ) and uncorrected eyesight less than 5.0 ( OR=1.795, 95%CI: 1.164-2.767 ) were influencing factors for abnormal angle of trunk rotation in girls. @*Conclusion@#The abnormal angle of trunk rotation in primary and secondary school students is related to gender, grade, reading and writing behaviors as well as diets; and the influencing factors are different in male and female students.

18.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200032, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154763

ABSTRACT

Abstract We describe a case of unusual development of the celiac trunk observed in the cadaver of 1-year old male child. The celiac trunk branched into five vessels: the splenic, common hepatic and left gastric arteries, the left inferior diaphragmatic artery, and a short trunk that branched into the right inferior diaphragmatic artery and right accessory hepatic artery. Additionally, the manner of branching of the vessel was unusual: it was possible to distinguish two branching points that corresponded to its s-shaped trajectory. There were also other variations of vascular supply, such as the presence of a left accessory hepatic artery, an additional superior pancreatoduodenal artery, and others. It should be noted that multiple developmental variations can be common in clinical practice and clinicians should be aware of them during diagnostic and interventional procedures.


Resumo Apresentamos um relato de caso de desenvolvimento incomum do tronco celíaco em um cadáver do sexo masculino de 1 ano de idade. O tronco celíaco ramificou-se para cinco vasos: as artérias esplênica, hepática comum e gástrica esquerda, a artéria diafragmática inferior esquerda e um tronco pequeno que se ramificou para a artéria diafragmática inferior direita e para a artéria hepática direita acessória. Além disso, a forma como o vaso se ramificou foi incomum: é possível distinguir dois pontos de ramificação que correspondem à trajetória em formato de S. Também houve outras variações do suprimento vascular, como a presença da artéria hepática esquerda acessória, da artéria pancreaticoduodenal superior acessória e outras. Cabe observar que a variação de desenvolvimento múltipla pode ser comum na prática clínica, e os médicos devem estar cientes dela durante os procedimentos de diagnóstico e intervenção.

19.
Entramado ; 16(2): 286-297, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149282

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La estabilidad de la pelvis y el tronco, dada por la actividad de los músculos de la región, representa un factor importante para la correcta ejecución de la técnica deportiva y la prevención de lesiones en lanzadores paralímpicos. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar a través de electromiografía de superficie, la actividad muscular del recto abdominal, oblicuo externo del abdomen y erector de la columna, vientres longuísimo e iliocostal, durante el lanzamiento de bala desde silla, en 4 atletas paralímpicos (2 con lesión en miembros inferiores y 2 con lesión medular). La electromiografía evidenció variaciones en los patrones de activación, el tiempo de ejecución y la amplitud de la señal, acorde a la condición de discapacidad y el grado de afectación del tronco. Esto permitió tener un panorama más real de las acciones musculares durante el gesto deportivo y la detección de opciones de mejora para los deportistas.


ABSTRACT The stability of the pelvis and trunk, given by the activity of the muscles in the region, represents an important factor for the correct execution of the sports technique and the prevention of injuries in Paralympic throwers. The objective of this study was to analyze, through surface electromyography the muscular activity of the rectus abdominis, external oblique of the abdomen and erector spinae, longuissimus and iliocostal bellies, during the shot put from a chair; in 4 Paralympic athletes (2 with lower limb injury and 2 with spinal cord injury). Electromyography showed variations in activation patterns, execution time and amplitude of the signal, according to the disability condition and the degree of trunk involvement. This allowed to have a more realistic panorama of the muscular actions during the sport gesture and the detection of improvement options for the athletes.


RESUMO A estabilidade da pélvis e do tronco, dada pela actividade dos músculos da região, representa um factor importante para a correcta execução da técnica desportiva e a prevenção de lesões nos lançadores paraolímpicos. O objectivo deste estudo foi analisar; através da electromiografía de superfície, a actividade muscular do recto abdominal, oblíquo externo do abdómen e erector da coluna vertebral, barriga muito comprida e iliocostal, durante o tiroteio em 4 atletas paraolímpicos (2 com lesão nos membros inferiores e 2 com lesão na medula espinal). A electromiografía mostrou variações nos padrões de activação, tempo de execução e amplitude do sinal, de acordo com a condição de incapacidade e o grau de envolvimento do tronco. Isto permitiu-nos ter uma imagem mais real das acções musculares durante o gesto desportivo e a detecção de opções de melhoria para os atletas.

20.
Podium (Pinar Río) ; 15(3): 437-448, sept.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143454

ABSTRACT

Resumen La práctica deportiva desde edades tempranas en Cuba es un objetivo de la máxima dirección del Instituto Nacional de Deportes y Recreación (Inder) donde se potencia la preparación integral del atleta, integrando todos los componentes de la preparación. En el caso del boxeo, la preparación técnico-táctica constituye eje esencial para el trabajo con los atletas de categoría pioneril. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo elaborar un conjunto de ejercicios que, estratégicamente, contribuyan al mejoramiento del trabajo de las defensas de tronco en boxeadores categoría pioneril de Pinar del Río. Para el cumplimiento del objetivo, se utilizaron en el diagnóstico métodos del nivel teórico y empírico, combinados con los matemáticos-estadísticos, buscando constatar las debilidades y potencialidades en el trabajo de las defensas de tronco en la categoría pioneril, de manera que permitiera su mejoramiento. En observaciones y entrevistas realizadas a entrenadores, desde el diagnóstico a sesiones de entrenamiento del equipo de boxeo categoría 11-12 pioneril, se pudo corroborar que existen deficiencias en cuanto al trabajo de las defensas de tronco para contrarrestar los ataques con los golpes rectos y cruzados a la cara específicamente, ya que no poseen variedad de ejercicios para la realización de dicho trabajo. Todo ello permitió constatar el problema científico y planear un grupo de ejercicios estratégicos personalizados para el mejoramiento de la defensa de tronco, en boxeadores categoría pioneril para los entrenadores, en función de erradicar las deficiencias detectadas en el diagnóstico, constatando su efectividad desde el criterio de especialistas.


Resumo A prática do desporto desde a mais tenra idade em Cuba é um objectivo da direcção máxima do Instituto Nacional de Desporto e Recreio (Inder) onde se promove a preparação integral do atleta, integrando todos os componentes da preparação. No caso do Boxe, a preparação técnico-táctica constitui um eixo essencial para o trabalho com os atletas pioneiros. Este trabalho visa a elaboração de um conjunto de exercícios que, estrategicamente, contribuem para a melhoria do trabalho dos para-lamas tronco em boxers pioneiros da categoria Pinar del Río. A fim de cumprir o objectivo, foram utilizados métodos de nível teórico e empírico no diagnóstico, combinados com métodos matemático-estatísticos, procurando confirmar as fraquezas e potencialidades no trabalho das defesas tronco na categoria pioneira, de uma forma que permitisse a sua melhoria. Em observações e entrevistas realizadas com treinadores, desde o diagnóstico às sessões de treino da equipa de boxe da categoria 11-12 pioneira, foi possível corroborar que existem deficiências no trabalho das defesas tronco para contrariar ataques com golpes retos e cruzados no rosto especificamente, uma vez que não têm uma variedade de exercícios para a realização de tal trabalho. Tudo isto permitiu verificar o problema científico e planear um grupo de exercícios estratégicos personalizados para a melhoria da defesa do tronco, em boxers de categoria pioneira para os treinadores, em função de erradicar as deficiências detectadas no diagnóstico, verificando a sua eficácia a partir do critério dos especialistas.


Abstract The practice of sports from an early age in Cuba is an objective of the maximum direction of the National Institute of Sports and Recreation (Inder in Spanish) where the integral preparation of the athlete is promoted by integrating all the components of the preparation. In the case of Boxing, the technical and tactical preparation constitutes an essential axis for the work with pioneer athletes. This work has the objective of elaborating a set of exercises that strategically contribute to the improvement of the work of the trunk defenses in school category boxers of Pinar del Río. In order to fulfill the objective, methods of theoretical and empirical level were used in the diagnosis, combined with statistical mathematicians, seeking to confirm the weaknesses and potentialities in the work of the trunk fenders in the pioneer category, to allow their improvement. In observations and interviews made with coaches, from the diagnosis to training sessions of the boxing team, category 11-12 pioneer, it was possible to corroborate that there are deficiencies in the work of the trunk defenses to counteract attacks with straight and cross blows to the face, specifically, since they do not have a variety of exercises for the performance of such work. All this allowed to verify the scientific problem and to plan a group of customized strategic exercises for the improvement of the trunk defense in the school category boxers, for the trainers in function to eradicate the deficiencies detected in the diagnosis, verifying its effectiveness from the specialists' criterion.

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