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Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 371-376, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932072


Objective:To discuss the value of dynamic detection of serum intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP), heparin binding protein (HBP) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) in early predicting and evaluating the severity of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) postoperative patients.Methods:The clinical data of 65 SAP patients treated in the Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University from July 2019 to Jan 2021 were retrospective analyzed. According to whether ACS has occurred, the patients were divided into non ACS group (48 cases) and ACS group (17 cases). The serum I-FABP, HBP and IL-1β of the two groups were dynamically monitored. Correlation analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the efficacy and early prediction value of each observation index in evaluating the severity of SAP patients complicated with ACS.Results:There were no significant differences in age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and pathogenesis between the two groups (all P>0.05). The serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), white blood cell (WBC), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Enquiry (APACHE-Ⅱ) score and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) in ACS group were significantly higher than those in non ACS group (all P<0.05). The serum levels of I-FABP [(97.41±15.02)ng/ml vs (37.28±18.34)ng/ml, (103.32±18.40)ng/ml vs (56.96±19.12)ng/ml, (85.69±22.94)ng/ml vs (36.88±10.49)ng/ml], HBP [(92.19±14.59)ng/ml vs (24.56±10.96)ng/ml, (106.11±15.03)ng/ml vs (37.17±13.83)ng/ml, (128.11±16.43)ng/ml vs (68.94±15.91)ng/ml] and IL-1β[(15.78±1.44)pg/ml vs (11.26±1.34)pg/ml, (19.34±1.87)pg/ml vs (13.51±2.84)pg/ml, (20.95±1.96)pg/ml vs (16.03±1.04)pg/ml] on 1st, 4th, 7th day in ACS group were continuously and evidently higher than those in non ACS group ( P<0.01). Correlation analysis revealed that I-FABP, HBP and IL-1β were positively correlated with IAP ( r=0.745, 0.793, 0.770) and APACHE Ⅱ score ( r=0.510, 0.489, 0.445) (all P<0.01). ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of early prediction by I-FABP, HBP and IL-1β on the occurrence of ACS were 0.846, 0.873 and 0.902 respectively, which were higher than the CRP (0.681), WBC (0.765) and APACHE Ⅱ score (0.795), the sensitivity and specificity can be significantly improved to 0.997 and 0.994 by parallel and series tests respectively combined with the three indicators. Conclusions:Dynamic detection of serum I-FABP, HBP and IL-1β has a certain clinical value in evaluating the severity of ACS in SAP patients. At the same time, early detection with serum I-FABP, HBP and IL-1β has high predictive power for ACS in SAP patients and the combined application of three has higher predictive value.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930964


Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and prognostic influencing factors of open abdomen technique for acute pancreatitis with abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS).Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of 186 patients of acute pancreatitis with ACS who were admitted to 6 hospitals, including 65 cases in the 910th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force of Chinese People′s Liberation Army, 46 cases in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, 33 cases in the Fujian Provincial Hospital, 31 cases in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, 7 cases in the People′s Hospital Affiliated to Quanzhou Medical College, 4 cases in the Shishi General Hospital, from January 2013 to December 2020 were collected. There were 142 males and 44 females, aged (43±8)years. Observation indica-tors: (1) patients conditions after being treatment with open abdomen technique; (2) analysis of clinical characteristics in patients with different treatment outcomes; (3) changing trend of the volume of urine output, levels of lactic acid, levels of enteral nutrient intake and the sequential organ failure score in patients with different treatment outcomes; (4) influencing factors for prognosis of patients. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and compari-son between groups was analyzed using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or the continuity correction chi-square test. Repeated measurement data were analyzed using the repeated ANOVA. Spearman correlation analysis was used for correlation analyses. The COX regression model was used for univariate analysis and COX regression model with forward regression was used for multivariate analysis. Results:(1) Patients conditions after being treatment with open abdomen technique. Intra-abdominal pressure, oxygena-tion index, levels of lactic acid and sequential organ failure score of the 186 patients were (23.3±1.9)mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), (121±24)mmHg, (5.0±3.4)mmol/L and 10.4±3.6 before the treatment with open abdomen technique and (11.2±2.9)mmHg, (222±38)mmHg, (3.2±2.1)mmol/L and 4.4±2.3 at postoperative 168 hours, showing significant differences in time effects before and after the treatment ( Ftime=855.26,208.50, 174.91,208.47, P<0.05). (2) Analysis of clinical characteristics in patients with different treatment outcomes. Of the 186 patients, 166 cases survived and were discharged, and 20 cases died during hospitalization. Age, sequential organ failure score, duration of ACS and levels of lactic acid during hospitalization before the treatment with open abdomen technique were (41±7)years, 9.4±3.4, 13(10,21)hours and (4.2±0.6)mmol/L in surviving patients, versus (45±6)years, 11.5±2.4, 65(39,84)hours and (5.2±0.5)mmol/L in dead patients, respectively, showing significant differences between them ( t=-2.10, -2.71, Z=-5.36, t=-7.16, P<0.05). Duration of postoperative acute gastro-intestinal injury, duration of continuous renal replacement therapy, time to liberation from mech-anical ventilation, duration of vasoactive drugs therapy, cases undergoing early abdominal closure, cases without intestinal fistula or with postoperative high-order intestinal fistula and low-order intestinal fistula during hospitalization after the treatment with open abdomen technique were 4(2,6)days, 4(3,7)days, 34(21,41)days, 3(2,6)days, 126, 131, 23, 12 in surviving patients, versus 13(10,17)days, 10(8,18)days, 0(0,3)days, 8(6,12)days, 1, 2, 15, 3 in dead patients, respectively, showing significant differences between them ( Z=-5.60, -3.75, -3.64, -3.06, χ2=41.43, 45.86, P<0.05). (3) Changing trend of the volume of urine output, levels of lactic acid, levels of enteral nutrient intake and the sequential organ failure score in patients with different treatment outcomes. The volume of urine output, levels of lactic acid, levels of enteral nutrient intake and the sequential organ failure score in surviving patients during hospitalization were (0.29±0.10)mL/(kg·h), (4.2±0.6)mmol/L, 0.0 kcal/(kg·d) and 9.4±3.4 before the treatment with open abdomen technique and (2.22±0.15)mL/(kg·h), (1.9±0.7)mmol/L, (20.7±2.9)kcal/(kg·d) and 3.7±2.2 at postoperative 168 hours. The above indicators in dead patients during hospitalization were (0.28±0.08)mL/(kg·h), (5.2±0.5)mmol/L, 0.0kcal/(kg·d) and 11.5±2.4 before the treatment with open abdomen technique and (0.28±0.09)mL/(kg·h), (7.7±0.8)mmol/L, (4.6±1.8)kcal/(kg·d) and 12.4±2.1 at postoperative 168 hours. There were significant differences in time effects in the above indicators in surviving patients and dead patients before and after the treatment with open abdomen technique ( Ftime=425.57, 188.59, 394.84, 37.52, P<0.05). There were interactive effects between the above indicators and the treatment outcome at different time points ( Finteraction=383.14, 233.04, 169.83, 36.61, P<0.05). There were signifi-cant differences in the change trends of the above indicators between the surviving patients and the dead patients during hospitalization ( Fgouprs=2 739.56, 877.98, 542.05, 240.85, P<0.05). (4) Influen-cing factors for prognosis of patients. Results of univariate analysis showed that age, sequential organ failure score, duration of ACS before surgery, procalcitonin, lactic acid, postoperative high-order intestinal fistula, abdominal hemorrhage, duration of postoperative acute gastrointestinal injury, duration of continuous renal replacement therapy, duration of vasoactive drugs therapy, early abdominal closure were related factors influencing prognosis of patients under-going treatment with open abdomen technique ( hazard ratio=1.07, 1.18, 1.39, 1.16, 8.25, 12.26, 2.83, 1.29, 1.56, 1.41, 0.02, 95% confidence interval as 1.00-1.15, 1.45-2.27, 1.22-1.57, 1.02-1.32, 1.75-38.90, 7.37-41.23, 1.16-6.93, 1.22-1.37, 1.23-1.99, 1.08-1.84, 0.00-0.16, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that extended duration of ACS before surgery, postoperative high-order intestinal fistula and extended duration of postoperative acute gastrointestinal injury were independent risk factors influencing prognosis of patients undergoing treatment with open abdomen technique ( hazard ratio=1.05, 7.95, 1.17, 95% confidence interval as 1.01-1.32, 2.05-30.87, 1.13-1.95, P<0.05) and early abdominal closure was an independent protective factor ( hazard ratio=0.10, 95% confidence interval as 0.01-0.89, P<0.05). Results of Spearman correlation analysis showed that duration of ACS was positively correlated with sequential organ failure score before surgery ( r=0.71, P<0.05). Conclusions:Open abdomen technique is effective for acute pancreatitis with ACS. Extended duration of ACS before surgery, postoperative high-order intestinal fistula and extended duration of postoperative acute gastrointestinal injury are independent risk factors for prognosis of patients during hospitalization and early abdominal closure is an independent protective factor.

J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(5): 564-570, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340152


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the influence of intra-abdominal pressure on the cardiac index (CI) at different intra-abdominal hypertension grades achieved when performing an abdominal compression maneuver (ACM). Evaluating the effectiveness of the ACM in distending the left internal jugular vein (LIJV). Methods: Prospective observational study conducted in the PICU of a quaternary care teaching hospital. Participants underwent the ACM and the IAP was measured with an indwelling urinary catheter. At each IAH grade reached during the ACM, the CI was measured by transthoracic echocardiography and the LIJV cross-sectional area (CSA) was determined by ultrasonography. Results: Twenty-four children were included (median age and weight of 3.5 months and 6.37 kg, respectively). The median CI observed at baseline and during IAH grades I, II, III, and IV were 3.65 L/min/m2 (IQR 3.12−4.03), 3.38 L/min/m2 (IQR 3.04−3.73), 3.16 L/min/m2 (IQR 2.70−3.53), 2.89 L/min/m2 (IQR 2.38−3.22), and 2.42 L/min/m2 (IQR 1.91−2.79), respectively. A 25% increase in the LIJV CSA area was achieved in 14 participants (58%) during the ACM. Conclusion: The ACM significantly increases IAP, causing severe reversible impairment in the cardiovascular system and is effective in distending the LIJV in just over half of the subjects. Even low levels of HIA can result in significant cardiac dysfunction in children. Therefore, health professionals should be aware of the negative hemodynamic repercussions caused by the increased IAP.

Humans , Child , Critical Illness , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Hemodynamics
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 51(12): e20200594, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1286004


ABSTRACT: Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) is the persistent increase of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) that could be caused by several pathologies. It is capable of promoting organ dysfunction, thereby increasing the mortality rate of human patients. As for cats and dogs, there are still few reports on how this pressure can be monitored and treated as a routine for admitted and hospitalized animals and on its relationship with the mortality of the patients. Therefore, the objective of this paper was to report a case of IAH secondary to chronic diaphragmatic rupture in a dog, which was treated with a temporary abdominal closure (TAC). A bitch was admitted to the veterinary hospital to undergo an elective ovariohysterectomy when it was diagnosed with a diaphragmatic rupture and displacement of the liver and intestinal loops in the chest. After repositioning these structures in the abdominal cavity, tension was observed in the abdomen. A temporary abdominal closure was then performed with a Bogota bag. Immediately after the surgery, the IAP was measured, presenting a value of 15 mmHg, indicating that there was an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. The animal was hospitalized, and IAP was monitored. After 24 hours, IAP was 5.8 mmHg when the Bogota bag was removed, and definitive celiorraphy was performed. The patient showed satisfactory clinical progress and was discharged 72 hours after the surgical procedure. The treatment used for IAH proved to be effective and contributed to the quick and satisfactory recovery of the patient.

RESUMO: A hipertensão intra-abdominal (HIA) é o aumento persistente da pressão intra-abdominal (PIA), podendo ser causada por diversas afecções e caraterizada por promover disfunções orgânicas, aumentando a taxa de mortalidade no homem. Em cães e gatos, ainda há poucos relatos da monitoração dessa pressão e do seu tratamento na rotina dos animais admitidos e internados, e sua relação com a mortalidade dos pacientes. Assim, objetivou-se relatar um caso de HIA secundária à ruptura diafragmática crônica em cão, a qual foi tratada com o fechamento abdominal temporário (FAT). Uma cadela foi admitida no hospital veterinário para realização de uma cirurgia de ovário-histerectomia eletiva, quando foi diagnosticada com ruptura diafragmática com fígado e alças intestinais deslocadas para o interior do tórax. Após reposicionamento dessas estruturas na cavidade abdominal, observou-se tensão no abdômen. Realizou-se então o fechamento abdominal temporário com bolsa de Bogotá. Imediatamente após o término da cirurgia, a PIA foi aferida e seu valor era de 15 mmHg, indicando aumento da mesma. O animal foi mantido internado e sua PIA monitorada. Após 24 horas seu valor era de 5,8 mmHg, quando a bolsa de Bogotá foi removida e realizada a celiorrafia definitiva. O paciente teve evolução clínica satisfatória e 72h após a cirurgia recebeu alta hospitalar. O tratamento utilizado para a HIA se mostrou eficaz, contribuindo para a rápida e satisfatória recuperação da paciente.

Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2181-2192, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144726


RESUMEN Introducción: el síndrome compartimental abdominal es una entidad clínica sistémica desencadenada por incremento en la presión intraabdominal, caracterizada clínicamente por distensión abdominal y alteraciones de las funciones respiratoria, cardiovascular, neurológica y renal. Objetivo: caracterizar el comportamiento del síndrome compartimental abdominal en los pacientes críticos que ingresaron en la unidad de cuidados intensivos del Hospital Provincial "José Ramón López Tabrane". Materiales y método: se realizó un estudio prospectivo, descriptivo, y longitudinal que tuvo como universo los pacientes adultos con factores de riesgo conocidos para síndrome compartimental abdominal, tratados entre enero de 2014 a diciembre de 2015. Se le realizó medición sistemática de la presión intraabdominal transvesical y fueron sometidos a descompresión quirúrgica en caso de hipertensión intraabdominal grados III y IV. Resultados: los valores de presión intraabdominal sostenidamente elevados, son directamente proporcionales al desarrollo del síndrome compartimental abdominal y trae aparejado disfunciones en los diferentes sistemas de órganos; en estos casos apareció complicaciones, las cuales se presentaron combinadas para todos los pacientes, y fueron mayoritarias para el grupo con presión intraabdominal grado IV. La mortalidad se comportó en un número bastante elevado lo cual estuvo relacionado con los niveles de presión intraabdominal, así como la posibilidad de que fueran reintervenidos quirúrgicamente estos pacientes. Conclusiones: se debe protocolizar en todo paciente con sospecha de desarrollar un síndrome compartimental abdominal la medición periódica de la presión intraabdominal (AU).

SUMMARY Introduction: the abdominal compartment syndrome is a systemic clinical entity triggered by an increase of the intra abdominal pressure, clinically characterized by abdominal distension and the alteration of the renal, neurological, cardiovascular and respiratory functions. Objective: to characterize the behavior of the abdominal compartment syndrome in critical patients from the intensive care unit of the provincial hospital "Jose Ramon Lopez Tabrane". Materials and methods: a longitudinal, descriptive and prospective study was carried out in a universe of adult patients with risk factors known as abdominal compartment syndrome, treated in the period of time from January 2014 to December 2015. Their transvesical intraabdominal pressure was systematically measured and they underwent surgical decompression in cases of intraabdominal hypertension grades iii and iv. Results: the values of intraabdominal pressure steadily increased are directly proportional to the development of the abdominal compartment syndrome and entails dysfunctions in the different systems of organs; in these cases complications were found, that were combined for all patients and mainly in the group with intraabdominal pressure grade iv. Mortality was present in a certainly increased group, and was related to the levels of intraabdominal pressure, and also to the possibility these patients undergoing surgical treatments again. Conclusions: it should be standardized the periodical measure of the intraabdominal pressure in any patient suspected of developing an abdominal compartment syndrome (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Patients/classification , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension/epidemiology , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Critical Care/methods , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension/classification , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension/diagnosis , Patient Acuity , Intensive Care Units/standards
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(3): 345-350, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138792


Resumen El síndrome compartimental abdominal (SCA) se define como la disfunción orgánica causada por la hipertensión intraabdominal (HIA). Ambas son complicaciones frecuentes en pacientes graves ingresados en las unidades de cuidados intensivos (UCI). Las manifestaciones clínicas asociadas suelen ser inespecíficas, por lo que dichas entidades deben ser sospechadas ante pacientes críticos con factores de riesgo. El diagnóstico de la HIA se realiza midiendo de forma indirecta la presión intraabdominal (PIA), generalmente por medio de una sonda vesical. El tratamiento consiste en medidas de soporte, y en algunos casos es necesaria la descompresión abdominal quirúrgica. En esta revisión se presenta la fisiopatología de ambas entidades, así como el enfoque diagnóstico y terapéutico.

Abstract Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is defined as an organ dysfunction caused by intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH). Both are common complications in severe patients admitted to intensive care units. The associated clinical manifestations are usually non-specific and, therefore, such entities should be suspected in critical patients with risk factors. The diagnosis of IAH is made by indirectly measuring intrabdominal pressure, usually by means of a urinary catheter. Treatment consists of supportive measures and, in some cases, surgical abdominal decompression. In this review the physiopathology of both entities is described, as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic approach.

Humans , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension , Patients , Therapeutics , Diagnosis
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 39(3): 189-191, 15/09/2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362434


Patients with refractory intracranial hypertension who have already undergone all the measures recommended by the current guidelines can benefit from having their intraabdominal pressure monitored since its increase generates hemodynamic repercussions and secondary elevation of intracranial pressure. In this context, a bibliographic research was performed on PubMed with the terms intra-abdominal pressure, abdominal compartment syndrome, intracranial pressure, intracranial hypertension. Altogether, 146 articles were observed, 87 of which were from the year 2000, and only 15 articles were considered relevant to the topic. These studies indicate that patients with refractory intracranial hypertension can benefit fromthe measurement of intraabdominal pressure, since there is evidence that an increase in this pressure leads to organic dysfunctions with an indirect impact on cerebral venous return and, consequently, an increase in intracranial pressure. In thosewho underwent decompression laparotomy, direct effectswere observed in reducing intracranial hypertension and survival.

Intracranial Hypertension/prevention & control , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension/complications , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension/therapy , Hemodynamic Monitoring , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension/prevention & control , Laparotomy/methods , Lower Body Negative Pressure/methods
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(1): 78-88, ene.-feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093933


RESUMEN Introducción: La hipertensión intraabdominal y el síndrome compartimental abdominal implican un grave pronóstico. Objetivo: Sistematizar contenidos esenciales relacionados con el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de estas emergencias médicas. Método: En la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Guantánamo, entre enero y julio de 2019 se hizo una revisión narrativa sobre el tema a través de una búsqueda en bases de datos electrónicas (Biblioteca Virtual en Salud): LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, ClinicalKey, REDALYC, Scopus, Cochrane. Resultados: Se localizaron 125 documentos, y se eligieron 25 relevantes para el objetivo de la revisión. La información se estructuró en los siguientes aspectos: definición, fisiopatología, etiología, diagnóstico y tratamiento. Conclusiones: Se elaboró un referente teórico útil a estudiantes y médicos generales para prepararse sobre el tema. Se identificaron controversias sobre la efectividad del uso de fármacos sedantes, analgésicos, procinéticos, albúmina y diuréticos, la terapia de reemplazo renal y la descompresión gástrica y colónica para el tratamiento médico, el impacto de los tratamientos quirúrgicos en la supervivencia de pacientes y el efecto de la comorbilidad del paciente, la enfermedad causal, la ventana temporal diagnóstico-tratamiento en los resultados terapéuticos de estas emergencias médicas.

ABSTRACT Introduction: Intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome imply a serious prognosis. Objective: Systematize essential contents related to the diagnosis and treatment of these medical emergencies. Method: In the Faculty of Medical Sciences Guantanamo, between January and July 2019, a narrative review on the subject was made through a search in electronic databases (Virtual Health Library): LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, ClinicalKey, REDALYC, Scopus, Cochrane. Results: 125 documents were located, and 25 relevant for the purpose of the review were chosen. The information was structured in the following aspects: definition, pathophysiology, etiology, diagnosis and treatment. Conclusions: A useful theoretical reference to students and general practitioners was prepared to prepare on the subject. Controversies were identified about the effectiveness of the use of sedative, analgesic, prokinetic, albumin and diuretic drugs, renal replacement therapy and gastric and colonic decompression for medical treatment, the impact of surgical treatments on patient survival and the effect of the patient's comorbidity, the causative disease, the diagnostic-treatment time window in the therapeutic results of these medical emergencies.

RESUMO Introdução: Hipertensão intra-abdominal e síndrome do compartimento abdominal implicam um prognóstico sério. Objetivo: Sistematizar conteúdos essenciais relacionados ao diagnóstico e tratamento dessas emergências médicas. Método: Na Faculdade de Ciências Médicas de Guantánamo, entre janeiro e julho de 2019, foi realizada uma revisão narrativa sobre o assunto, através de uma busca em bases de dados eletrônicas (Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde): LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, ClinicalKey, REDALYC, Scopus, Cochrane. Resultados: Foram localizados 125 documentos e escolhidos 25 relevantes para a finalidade da revisão. As informações foram estruturadas nos seguintes aspectos: definição, fisiopatologia, etiologia, diagnóstico e tratamento. Conclusões: Foi preparado um referencial teórico útil para estudantes e médicos de clínica geral para se preparar sobre o assunto. Foram identificadas controvérsias sobre a eficácia do uso de medicamentos sedativos, analgésicos, procinéticos, albumina e diuréticos, terapia de reposição renal e descompressão gástrica e colônica para tratamento médico, o impacto dos tratamentos cirúrgicos na sobrevida dos pacientes e o efeito da comorbidade do paciente, da doença causadora, da janela do tempo de diagnóstico e tratamento nos resultados terapêuticos dessas emergências médicas.

Humans , Compartment Syndromes , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension/diagnosis , Critical Care
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822053


Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is an important postoperative complication of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAA). Open abdominal management (OAM) has been reported to be effective in EVAR ; however, only a limited number of reports are available on when and how to close the abdomen. Here we report a case of early abdominal wall closure achieved through the combined use of retroperitoneal hematoma evacuation after EVAR and OAM for rAAA. The patient was a 79-year-old woman who underwent EVAR for rAAA on an emergency basis. She developed ACS after EVAR and underwent OAM. Four days after surgery, a decrease in intraabdominal pressure was confirmed, and subsequent contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed the absence of an endoleak ; retroperitoneal hematoma evacuation was performed, during which the abdominal wall was closed. The postoperative course was good, and the patient was discharged. Early closure of the abdomen may be possible by concomitant retroperitoneal hematoma evacuation after EVAR and OAM for rAAA.

Acta méd. costarric ; 61(1): 13-21, ene.-mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-983714


Resumen La pancreatitis aguda es un trastorno intracelular del calcio en las células pancreáticas, el cual constituye la vía final común de múltiples estímulos etiopatogénicos y puede desencadenar cambios necroinflamatorios locales, efectos multisistémicos y compromiso en órganos distantes. Todo esto lleva a los pacientes a múltiples complicaciones por disfunción orgánica e infección. El diagnóstico adecuado y oportuno, el abordaje según severidad y la optimización de la terapia nutricional, así como una adecuada analgésica, reanimación hídroelectrolítica, detección de disfunción orgánica y de complicaciones locales e infecciosas, determinan el desenlace clínico de dicha patología. Se realizó una revisión narrativa incluyendo estudios clínicos, guías de manejo, protocolos y revisiones pertinentes, y se aporta un enfoque desde el punto de vista de medicina crítica para el abordaje inicial de esta patología.

Abstract Acute pancreatitis is an intracellular calcium disorder in pancreatic cells, which constitutes the final common pathway of multiple etiopathogenic stimuli and can trigger local necroinflammatory changes, multisystemic effects and compromise distant organs. All of this leads to multiple complications due to organ dysfunction and infection in patients. The adequate and opportune diagnosis, the approach according to severity and the optimization of the nutritional therapy; as well as an adequate analgesic, hydroelectrolytic resuscitation, the detection of organic dysfunction and of local and infectious complications, determine the clinical outcome of this pathology. A narrative review was carried out including clinical studies, management guidelines, protocols and reviews. An initial approach for this pathology, from the critical medicine point of view, is provided.

Humans , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatitis/complications , Peritonitis/pathology , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing , Necrosis
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 640-642, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798226


Acute pancreatitis is a clinically common acute abdomen, mild acute pancreatitis is a self-limiting disease, while severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) requires multidisciplinary treatment and the mortality rate remains high. A special complication of SAP is intra-abdominal hypertension, as the disease progresses, the intra-abdominal pressure is further increased, leading to abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), which eventually leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. This current surgical intervention for SAP combined with ACS has gradually replaced the conventional medical treatment program. This article reviews the various options for surgical treatment of SAP with ACS.

International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 640-642, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789129


Acute pancreatitis is a clinically common acute abdomen,mild acute pancreatitis is a self-limiting disease,while severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) requires multidisciplinary treatment and the mortality rate remains high.A special complication of SAP is intra-abdominal hypertension,as the disease progresses,the intraabdominal pressure is further increased,leading to abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS),which eventually leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.This current surgical intervention for SAP combined with ACS has gradually replaced the conventional medical treatment program.This article reviews the various options for surgical treatment of SAP with ACS.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751984


Objective To explore the pathological changes of lung,pancreas and kidney in abdominal compartment syndrome by making an animal model of abdominal hypertension.Methods 20 New Zealand rabbits were divided into 3 groups,4 in the control group,8 in the experiment group 1,and 8 in group 2.The control group were not injected with pressure water capsule,the pressure was 0 mmHg(0 Kpa),and the time limit was 48 hours.The pressure and increased volume of abdominal pressure was recorded each time of injection of 50 ml saline in group 1 and group 2.The abdominal pressure-volume curve was plotted.Then the pressure of the experimental group was adjusted to 22 mmHg(2.96 Kpa),and the time limit of experimental group 1 was 24 hours,the group 2 was 48 hours.The experimental animals were killed at the time of observation,the whole lung,pancreas and kidney were completed and fixed with 10% Formaldehyde solution for 24 hours,and the routine paraffin was embedded,sliced,stained with HE,and observed under the biological optical microscope.Results During the experiment,4 of the control group survived,1 died in the experimental group 1,and 2 died in group 2.There was a positive correlation between abdominal pressure and increasing volume of abdominal cavity in the experimental group of abdominal high pressure liquid animal model.The function equation:Y=0.1486X-119.0000 (R2=0.827 4,P=0.004 5).Pathological changes of lungs in three groups of experimental animals:control group:terminal bronchioles and a large number of alveoli in normal lungs,interstitial small vessel dilatation.The group 1:alveolar epithelial hyperplasia,alveolar septum size,alveolar lumen fusion,alveolar interstitial bleeding,dark brown matter deposition,intravascular thrombus,and computerized recanalization.In the group 2,the alveoli were dilated obviously,some alveolar cavities were fused,the alveolar septum was not one,and a large number of red cells and cellulosic exudates were found in the terminal fine bronchioles,including dark brown matter deposition.Pathological changes of pancreas in the three groups:control group:acinus:acinar cell consists of a layer of vertebral acinar cells,the nucleus was round,close to the base of the cell,and the nucleolus was obvious;the basal cytoplasm was basophilic because of the rich in rough endoplasmic reticulum and ribosome.The group 1:pancreatic acinar degeneration,large number of inflammatory cells infiltrating in the pancreatic tissue,lymphatic sinus dilation,lymph nodes filled with lymph,lymphatic edema,paranantral lymph nodes,lymphatic sinus dilatation,sinus endothelial cell proliferation and lymphoid hyperplasia.In the group 2,the pancreatic acini were markedly degenerated,blood vessels were dilated and congested in the interstitium,and the lymphatic vessels in the pancreatic tissue expanded and contained large amounts of lymph.Pathological changes of kidney in three groups of experimental animals:control group:glomeruli and blood vessels were basically normal,and renal tubules were slightly dilated.The group 1:mild segmental hyperplasia of glomerular mesangial cells,mild enlargement of mesangial matrix,dilatation of renal tubules,internal protein tube type,granulosa like degeneration of renal tubular epithelial cells and dilatation and congestion of endoplasmic blood vessels.Experimental group 2:glomerular segmental hyperplasia,renal tubular epithelial cell edema,renal tubule dilatation,canalicular type in the lumen,small vessels of the renal interstitium dilated and hyperemia.Conclusion Lung,pancreas and kidney have obvious secondary damage at the development of abdominal compartment syndrome and aggravates with the extension of time.

Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 112-114, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744679


Objective To investigate the secondary pathological changes in lung of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS).Methods Twenty-five healthy adult clean New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control group (n =5) and experimental group (n =20) according to the random number table method.The experimental group was subdivided into two subgroups according to the observation time:24 hours and 48 hours,with 10 rabbits in each subgroup.A high pressure liquid animal model of abdominal cavity was reproduced by water bag superposition pressurization.In the control group,the pressurized water bag did not inject liquid,and intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was maintained at 0;while in the experimental group,pressurized water infusion was performed,and IAP was maintained at 25 mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa).The rabbits in the control group were sacrificed at 48 hours,those in the experimental group were sacrificed at 24 hours and 48 hours respectively,and the lungs were harvested completely.The pathological changes were observed under light microscope after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining.Results In the control group,the activity of the rabbits was decreased,the food intake was decreased,and all the 5 animals survived;in the experimental group,the activity was decreased significantly,little food intake or not,the urine output was decreased significantly,and 1 rabbit died at 22,27 and 37 hours respectively,and 17 survived.Light microscopy showed that there were terminal bronchioles and a large number of alveoli in the lung tissue of the control group,and small vessels dilated in the interstitium.In the experimental group,alveolar epithelial hyperplasia,alveolar sěptum of different sizes,alveolar fusion,alveolar septal bleeding,interstitial heart failure cells with phagocytosis of hemosiderin,bronchiolectasis,a large number of inflammatory cell infiltration near the bronchi,thrombosis in the blood vessels were found at 24 hours.A large number of erythrocyte and cellulose-like exudates were seen in the lumen of terminal bronchioles,alveolar dilatation and fusion were aggravated,and old hemorrhage in the lumen of the alveoli was observed,hemosiderosis containing bemosiderin was observed at 48 hours.Conclusion ACS could cause severe lung injury and aggravate as time goes on.

Ann Card Anaesth ; 2018 Oct; 21(4): 444-445
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-185772


Abdominal compartment syndrome is associated with severe dysfunction of intra-abdominal and intrathoracic organs. Medical therapy, with the goal of reducing intra-abdominal pressure, leads to improvement in organ perfusion.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330367


<p><b>PURPOSE</b>To evaluate the effect of retention sutures on abdominal pressure and postoperative prognosis in abdominal surgery patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This prospective cohort study included patients who were admitted to Daping Hospital from May 15, 2014 to October 11, 2014. A total of 57 patients were enrolled, including 18 patients in the "U" type retention suture group, 17 patients in the intermittent retention suture group, and 22 patients in non-retention suture group. The demographic data, clinical data and risk factors for abdominal wound dehiscence were recorded. The bladder pressure (IVP) was monitored preoperatively, intraoperatively, and four days postoperatively. Additionally, the incidence of abdominal wound dehiscence and infection 14 days after the operation was recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During the operation, the IVP decreased and then increased; it was at its lowest 1 h after the start of the operation (5.3 mmHg ± 3.2 mmHg) and peaked after tension-reducing (8.8 mmHg ± 4.0 mmHg). The IVP values in the "U" type retention suture group and intermittent retention suture group were higher than in the non-retention suture group 4 days after operation (p < 0.005). The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) pain scores were 3.9 ± 2.2, 3.8 ± 2.0, and 3.0 ± 1.0 in the retention suture group, intermittent retention suture group and non-retention suture group, respectively. The VAS pain scores in the "U" type tension-reducing group and intermittent tension-reducing group were higher than in the non-tension-reducing group (p < 0.005).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Although retention sutures may reduce the incidence of postoperative wound dehiscence in abdominal surgery patients, they can increase the IVP and postoperative pain.</p>

China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 63-67, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702886


Objective To investigate the effects of peritoneal lavage and dialysis by flexible endoscope in patients with early phase severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) complicated with intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH)/abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). Methods 32 patients with early phase SAP complicated with IAH/ACS were received peritoneal lavage and dialysis by flexible endoscope in base of routine treatment. The release time of peritoneal irritation sign, the duration of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAP), bowel sound, APACHE-II scores and prognosis of the patients were evaluated. The levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum, also, the concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 and amylase in ascites/peritoneal lavage fluid were measured. Results 30 patients were all cured after treatment, with an average hospital stay of (16.53 ± 5.30) d, and, 2 patients underwent surgical treatment. The difference between before and after treatment was significance in peritoneal irritation sign scores, bowel sound, IAP and APACHE-II scores of the patients (P < 0.05). The levels of testing items in serum and ascites/peritoneal lavage fluid were decreased significantly during peritoneal lavage and dialysis. Conclusion Continuous peritoneal lavage and dialysis by flexible endoscope is a safe and effective method for patients with SAP complicated with IAH/ACS, especially in the early stage of disease.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700338


Objective To explore the changes of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-10 in the model of abdominal compartment syndrome. Methods From January 2016 to December 2017, fifteen New Zealand rabbits were divided into control group (5 rabbits) and experimental group (10 rabbits) 2 groups according to the drawing of lots. The liquid animal model of abdominal high pressure was made. Pressurized water sac in the control group was not injected fluid to maintain the pressure of 0 mmHg (1 mmHg= 0.133 kPa). Pressure was regulated in 25 mmHg (grade 3) in experimental group. The IL-6 and IL-10 levels were compared between 2 groups. Results The IL-6 and IL-10 2 and 24 h after operation in experimental group were significantly higher than those in control group: (9.99 ± 2.88) and (7.57 ± 2.31) μg/L vs. (0.19 ± 0.05) μg/L, (59.28 ± 19.32) and (33.18 ± 13.14) mg/L vs. (13.25 ± 5.56) mg/L, and there were statistical differences (P<0.01). Conclusions In the development of abdominal compartment syndrome, both IL-6 and IL-10 levels are significantly elevated, suggesting that there is mixed antagonism response syndrome.

The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1376-1379, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697786


Objective To compare the clinical efficacy of refined mirabilite vs.Chaishao Chengqi Decoc-tion in treating sever acute pancreatitis(SAP) complicated with abdominal compartment syndrome(ACS). Methods 60 cases of SAP complicated with ACS were divided into treatment group(n = 32) and control group (n=28) with random number table.The treatment group was given the nasal feeding and enema with refined mira-bilite base on routine western medicine treatment. The control group was given the nasal feeding and enema with Chaishao Chengqi Decoction. The 2 groups were compared with respect to the changes of the APACHEⅡ scores, intra-abdominal pressure,endotoxin,calcitonin(PCT),tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α),recovery time of bowel sound,self-defecation recovery time,length of stay and hospitalization expenses. Results After 7 days of treatment,the intestinal permeability index(endotoxin) and the related indicators(PCT,TNF-α) were significantly lower than before treatment in both groups(P<0.05).The abdominal pressure of both groups at days 1,3 and 7 days after treatment was significantly lower than before treatment(P < 0.05) but the difference between the two groups had no statistical significance(P > 0.05). In the 3rd and 7th days of the treatment,APACHEⅡ scores were significantly lower than before treatment(P<0.05),but the difference between the two groups was not statis-tically significant in the score(P>0.05).The two groups showed no significant difference in the recovery time of bowel sound,self-defecation recovery time,length of stay and hospitalization expenses(P > 0.05). Conclusions Refined mirabilite as adjuvant therapy in SAP with ACS,can effectively reduce the internal pressure,promote the intestinal function recovery,protect the intestinal mucosal barrier function,reduce intestinal bacteria and endotox-in translocation and the complications of infection.It has a similar clinical effect as Chaishao Chengqi Decoction to the recovery of the disease.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715750


Abdominal compartment syndrome can produce a critical situation if not diagnosed early and managed properly. We report a case of abdominal compartment syndrome that was caused by massive irrigation of surgical fluid during endoscopic lumbar diskectomy at the L4–L5 level. There was a sudden increase in peak inspiratory pressure during the operation, and the patient's tidal volume and blood pressure decreased. When the patient's position was changed from prone to supine, abdominal distension and cyanosis of both lower extremities were discovered. Ultrasonic findings showed fluid collection in both the chest and intra-abdominal cavity. Thoracentesis and abdominal decompression surgery were performed, and the patient's overall state improved. We concluded that irrigation fluid used during the endoscopic operation leaked into the retroperitoneal space and caused abdominal compartment syndrome.

Blood Pressure , Cyanosis , Diskectomy , Endoscopy , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension , Lower Body Negative Pressure , Lower Extremity , Retroperitoneal Space , Thoracentesis , Thorax , Tidal Volume , Ultrasonics