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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 298-304, 20220316. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362976

ABSTRACT

Las neoplasias apendiculares se presentan hasta en el 50 % de los casos como un episodio de apendicitis aguda. Existen características demográficas, clínicas y radiológicas que aumentan las posibilidades de un tumor apendicular subyacente, sin embargo, en la mayoría de los casos, son los hallazgos intraoperatorios los que alertan al cirujano. A pesar de que el tipo histológico determina la radicalidad del manejo quirúrgico de estos pacientes, algunas características macroscópicas pueden orientar a las patologías específicas y a una conducta adecuada. En general, los objetivos del manejo quirúrgico inicial se cumplen con una resección limitada al apéndice cecal, asociada a la citología de mucina y biopsia de los implantes peritoneales si están presentes, reservando las resecciones extendidas, como hemicolectomía derecha oncológica, para los pacientes con compromiso extenso de la base o del mesenterio apendicular ante la sospecha de neoplasias neuroendocrinas o adenocarcinoma del apéndice cecal.


Appendicular neoplasms present in up to 50% of cases as an episode of acute appendicitis. There are demographic, clinical and radiological characteristics that increase the chances of an underlying appendicular tumor; however, in most cases are the intraoperative findings that alert the surgeon. Although the histological type determines the radical nature of the surgical management of these patients, some macroscopic characteristics can guide specific pathologies and appropriate behavior. In general, the objectives of initial surgical management are met with a limited resection of the cecal appendix, associated with mucin cytology and biopsy of peritoneal implants if present, reserving extended resections such as oncological right hemicolectomy for patients with extensive compromise of the base or appendicular mesentery when neuroendocrine neoplasms or adenocarcinoma of the cecal appendix are suspected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy , Appendiceal Neoplasms , Incidental Findings , Appendicitis , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20222446, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365393

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Laparoscopic appendectomy does not have a single protocol on its technical systematization, access routes, and use of energy and staplers. The cost of disposable materials can prevent its widespread use. Alternatives to decrease cost can help disseminate the laparoscopic access to appendectomy. Objective: to introduce a low-cost laparoscopic appendectomy method with good aesthetic results through the location of incisions; to show its viability through its application in 1,552 cases of laparoscopic appendectomy operated between 2000 and 2019 with three portals and very low-cost regarding materials used. Methods: we applied three punctures - an umbilical one for the camera (5 or 10mm in diameter), a 10mm puncture in the right iliac fossa, and one 5mm puncture in the left iliac fossa. The materials used were permanent use trocars, grasping forceps, hook, scissors, and needle holder, without the need for any disposable device. Results: 1.552 patients were operated between 2000 and 2019, 56.2% being female, mean age 32.66 years (9-93), average hospital stay of 1.74 days (1-10), and median of 1.2 days. Conclusion: the technique we describe uses three metallic trocars and four permanent instruments, in addition to a single cotton suture. It is, therefore, a very low-cost laparoscopic procedure. Its application has shown good results and low morbidity, which may become the preferred indication for laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of acute appendicitis.


RESUMO Introdução: a apendicectomia videolaparoscópica não tem protocolo único sobre sistematização técnica, vias de acesso, uso de energia e grampeadores. O custo de materiais descartáveis pode inviabilizar o emprego mais generalizado. Alternativas para diminuir o custo podem ajudar a disseminar o acesso laparoscópico para a realização de apendicectomia. Objetivo: introduzir um método para realizar a apendicectomia videolaparoscópica de baixo custo e visando bom resultado estético por meio da localização das incisões; mostrar a viabilidade por meio de aplicação em 1.552 casos de apendicectomia videolaparoscópica operados entre 2000 e 2019 com três portais, de muito baixo custo em insumos utilizados. Métodos: três punções - uma punção umbilical para introdução da câmera (de 5 ou 10mm de diâmetro), uma punção de 10mm em fossa ilíaca direita e uma punção em fossa ilíaca esquerda de 5mm. Os materiais utilizados - trocartes, pinças de apreensão, gancho, tesoura e porta-agulhas são de uso permanente, sem necessidade de qualquer material descartável. Resultados: foram operados 1.552 pacientes entre 2000 e 2019, sendo 56,25% do sexo feminino, média de idade de 32,66 anos (9 a 93 anos), tempo médio de internação de 1,74 dias (1 a 10 dias) e mediana de 1,2 dias. Conclusão: a técnica que descrevemos utiliza três trocartes metálicos e quatro instrumentos permanentes, além de um único fio de algodão. Trata-se, portanto, de procedimento laparoscópico de muito baixo custo. A aplicação demonstrou bons resultados e baixa morbidade, podendo tornar-se rotina a indicação preferencial da vídeocirurgia no tratamento da apendicite aguda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Appendectomy/methods , Umbilicus , Length of Stay
3.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1117, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347393

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El plastrón apendicular es una tumoración inflamatoria constituida por el apéndice inflamado, vísceras adyacentes y epiplón mayor. Puede contener o no pus (absceso/flemón). Objetivo: Precisar si está indicada la apendicectomía de urgencia o de intervalo en los pacientes con plastrón y/o absceso apendicular sometidos a tratamiento no quirúrgico inicial. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión en las bases de datos bibliográficas Web of Science, PubMed, Medline y Lilacs, mediante el motor de búsqueda Google académico. Se seleccionaron 28 artículos en inglés y español; 20 (71,2 por ciento) correspondieron al quinquenio 2016-20 y el 96,4 por ciento de autores extranjeros. Desarrollo: El estándar actual es el tratamiento no quirúrgico inicial del plastrón y el drenaje percutáneo del absceso. La apendicectomía de intervalo tiene un beneficio mínimo y puede conducir a un aumento de los costos, estancia hospitalaria, antibioticoterapia intravenosa y de la morbilidad. Se debe realizar un seguimiento cuidadoso en enfermos con riesgo de enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal o cáncer de colon, sin importar qué opción se elija (operación de intervalo u observación). Conclusiones: La apendicectomía de urgencia no es recomendable porque el componente inflamatorio la hace técnicamente difícil, puede necesitar una colectomía y aumentar la morbilidad, aunque actualmente, la apendicectomía laparoscópica de urgencia puede ser más rentable y segura. La decisión posterior de la apendicectomía a intervalos sigue siendo discutible. El intervalo recomendado varía entre 6 y 8 semanas, tres y seis meses después de la normalización clínico humoral(AU)


Introduction: Appendiceal plastron is an inflammatory tumor made up of inflamed appendix, adjacent viscera and greater omentum. It may or may not contain pus (abscess/phlegmon). Objective: To specify whether emergency or interval appendectomy is indicated in patients with appendicular abscess and/or plastron who had undergone initial nonsurgical treatment. Methods: A review was carried out in the bibliographic databases Web of Science, PubMed, Medline and Lilacs, using the search engine Google Scholar. Twenty-eight articles were selected, in English and Spanish; twenty (71.2 percent) corresponded to the quinquennium 2016-20, while 96.4 percent were written by foreign authors. Development: The current standard is the initial nonsurgical treatment of the plastron and percutaneous drainage of the abscess. Interval appendectomy has minimal benefits and can lead to increased costs, hospital stay, intravenous antibiotic therapy and morbidity. Patients at risk for inflammatory bowel disease or colon cancer should be carefully followed up, regardless of which option is chosen (interval operation or observation). Conclusions: Emergency appendectomy is not recommended because the inflammatory component makes it technically difficult; it may require colectomy and increase morbidity, although currently, emergency laparoscopic appendectomy may be more profitable and safer. The subsequent decision for interval appendectomy remains debatable. The recommended interval varies from six to eight weeks, three and six months after clinical-humoral normalization(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy/methods , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/epidemiology , Abscess/etiology , Emergencies , Databases, Bibliographic , Colectomy/methods , Search Engine/methods
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 626-636, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291156

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La apendicectomía por laparoscopia se considera el patrón de oro en el tratamiento de la apendicitis aguda. Sin embargo, su disponibilidad es limitada en nuestro sistema de salud, principalmente por los costos asociados. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la relación entre el uso de los diferentes tipos de energía y los métodos de ligadura de la base apendicular, con las complicaciones postoperatorias, al igual que describir los costos asociados. Métodos. Estudio observacional analítico de una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes mayores de 15 años a quienes se les realizó apendicectomía por laparoscopia, en un hospital universitario entre los años 2014 y 2018. Se utilizaron modelos de regresión logística y lineal para evaluar la relación entre métodos de ligadura del meso y base apendicular, desenlaces operatorios y costos. Resultados. Se realizaron 2074 apendicectomías por laparoscopia, 58,2 % (n=1207) en mujeres, la edad mediana fue de 32 años. En el 71,5 % (n=1483) la apendicitis aguda no fue complicada. La energía monopolar para la liga-dura del meso apendicular fue la utilizada más frecuentemente en 57,2 % (n=1187) y el Hemolok® el más utilizado para la ligadura de la base apendicular en el 84,8 % (n=1759) de los pacientes. No se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la tasa de infección del sitio operatorio, reintervención o íleo. El uso de energía simple redujo los costos del procedimiento de manera significativa durante el período evaluado. Discusión. El uso de energía monopolar demostró ser una técnica segura, reproducible y de menor costo en comparación con el uso de energía bipolar, independientemente de la fase de la apendicitis aguda. Lo anterior ha permitido que se realicen más apendicectomías por laparoscopia y que los médicos residentes de cirugía general puedan realizar procedimientos laparoscópicos de forma más temprana


Introduction. Laparoscopic appendectomy is considered the gold standard in the treatment of acute appendicitis. However, its availability is limited in our health system mainly due to the associated costs. The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between the use of different types of energy and the methods of ligation of the appendicular base with postoperative complications, as well as to describe the associated costs. Methods. Retrospective observational study of a cohort of patients older than 15 years old who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy in a university hospital between 2014 and 2018. Logistic and linear regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between methods of ligation of the meso and appendicular base, operative outcomes and costs. Results: 2074 laparoscopic appendectomies were performed. Of those, 58.2% (n=1207) were women, median age was 32 years. In 71.5% (n=1483), acute appendicitis was uncomplicated. Monopolar energy for ligation was the most frequently used for ligation of the appendicular meso in 57.2% (n=1187) and Hem-o-lok® the most used for ligation of the appendicular base in 84.8% (n=1759) of the patients. There were no statistically significant differences in the rate of surgical site infection, reoperation, or ileus. The use of simple energy reduced the costs of the procedure significantly during the study period. Discussion. The use of monopolar energy proved to be a safe, reproducible and a lower cost technique compared to the use of bipolar energy, regardless of the phase of acute appendicitis. This has allowed more laparoscopic appendectomies to be performed and the general surgery residents to perform laparoscopic procedures earlier


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis , Laparoscopy , Appendectomy , Bioelectric Energy Sources , Cost Control , Ligation
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(2): 152-155, June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286997

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tumours of the appendix are rare and tend to be diagnosed incidentally, in cases of acute appendicitis. For some authors, appendiceal neuroendocrine tumours (ANETs) are the most frequent neoplasm of the appendix, observed in 0.3% to 0.9% of cases acute appendicitis. The present is a unicentric retrospective study conducted between January 2005 and March 2017. Out of a total of 3,007 surgeries for appendiceal pathologies performed in the adult population at the hospital where the present study was conducted, there were 70 (2.33%) malignant cases, 20 (28.6%) of which were ANETs. The patients had a median age of 44 years (range: 18 to 85 years), and were predominantly women (there were 1.9 times more women than men). In 16 cases (80%), a simple appendicectomy was performed (1 patient was submitted to a right hemicolectomy later). The cases of ANETs had a good prognosis in our series: 85% of the patients are either alive today or were alive after 5 years of follow-up. Despite the fact that ANETs are described as the most frequent tumor of the appendix, this was not confirmed in our series, in which they only represented 28.6% of the cases; adenocarcinoma was the most frequent tumor (65.7%) among our sample.


Resumo Tumores do apêndice são raros, e tendem a ser diagnosticados de forma incidental, em casos de apendicite aguda. Para alguns autores, tumores neuroendócrinos do apêndice (TNEAs) são as neoplasias mais frequentes do apêndice, e são observados em 0,3 a 0,9% de todos os casos agudos de apendicite. Este é um estudo monocêntrico e retrospectivo realizado entre janeiro de 2005 e março de 2017. Entre umtotal de 3.007 cirurgias para patologias do apêndice realizadas na população adulta no hospital em que o estudo foi conduzido, houve 70 (2,33%) casos de malignidade, 20 (28,6%) dos quais eram TNEAs. Os pacientes tinham uma idade média de 44 anos (gama: 18-85 anos), e eram predominantemente mulheres (havia 1,9 vezes mais mulheres do que homens). Em 16 casos (80%), realizou-se uma simples apendicectomia (1 paciente foi submetido a uma hemicolectomia direita mais tarde). Os casos de TNEAs tiveram um bom prognóstico em nossa série: 85% dos pacientes estão vivos hoje, ou estavam após um seguimento de 5 anos. Apesar de os TNEAs serem descritos como os tumores mais frequentes do apêndice, isso não foi confirmado nesta série, na qual eles representaram apenas 28,6% dos casos; adenocarcinoma foi o tumor mais frequente (65,7%) emnossa amostra.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Appendiceal Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Appendectomy , Appendix/surgery
6.
Iatreia ; 34(2): 156-160, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250066

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la apendicitis aguda es causa frecuente de dolor abdominal. Su complicación más frecuente es la infección del sitio operatorio, siendo el compromiso pélvico muy raro. Presentamos el caso de una paciente sin vida sexual activa, con una enfermedad pélvica inflamatoria como complicación posoperatoria de una apendicitis aguda. Esta ingresó por dolor abdominal, varias semanas después de una apendicetomía, sin signos de infección incisional, pero con una tomografía que reportaba un hidrosalpinx izquierdo. Evolucionó hacia el deterioro clínico a pesar de la reanimación con cristaloides y antibióticos de amplio espectro. Fue llevada a laparotomía para control del foco. Se encontró un hidrosalpinx izquierdo y necesitó de una segunda cirugía por el compromiso anexial derecho. Luego de estas intervenciones hubo recuperación. Conclusión: la enfermedad pélvica inflamatoria es una etiología poco frecuente (aunque posible) de abdomen agudo en pacientes sin vida sexual activa.


SUMMARY Introduction: Acute appendicitis is a frequent cause of abdominal pain and its most frequent complication is surgical site infection, with pelvic involvement being very rare. The following is a case of a patient with pelvic inflammatory disease as postoperative complication after appendectomy. The patient was admitted for abdominal pain several weeks after an appendectomy, without signs of incisional surgical site infection but with a CT scan that re-ported a left hydrosalpinx. The patient progresses with clinical deterioration despite resuscitation with crystalloids and broad-spectrum antibiotics. A laparotomy was performed for infection control. A left hydrosalpinx was found and needed a second surgery due to right adnexal involvement. After this she recovered. Conclusion: Pelvic inflammatory disease is a rare but possible etiology of the acute abdomen in patients who's never had sexual intercourse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy , Pelvic Inflammatory Disease , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Wound Infection , Abdomen, Acute
7.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(2): e991, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341437

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La ingesta de cuerpos extraños en el adulto de forma intencional es un evento raro que ocurre fundamentalmente en pacientes psiquiátricos o reclusos, y puede ocasionar un problema serio que llegue a comprometer la vida del paciente. Objetivo: Presentar el caso clínico de un paciente adulto, con ingestión de varios cuerpos extraños puntiformes de diferentes tamaños, y mostrar una variante para extraerlos con el menor daño posible. Caso clínico: Se expone el caso de un paciente recluso, del sexo masculino, de 25 años de edad, que ingirió varios trozos de alambre de cobre de diferentes longitudes. Por el alto riesgo de perforación, se decide realizar una laparotomía exploradora y extracción de los cuerpos extraños a través de una gastrotomía, por el orificio apendicular sin necesidad de abrir un asa intestinal. Conclusiones: Una variante para extraer los cuerpos extraños finos que logran pasar por el ángulo de Trietz, puede ser, avanzar el cuerpo extraño a través del orificio apendicular y realizar apendicectomía complementaria y lograr de esa manera su extracción sin realizar una enterotomía.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Intentional ingestion of foreign bodies in adults is a rare event that occurs mainly in psychiatric patients or inmates, and can cause a serious problem, compromising the life of the patient. Objective: To present the clinical case of an adult patient with ingestion of several pinpoint foreign bodies of different sizes, and to show a variant to extract them with the least possible damage. Clinical case: The case is a 25-year-old male incarcerate patient who ingested several pieces of copper wire of different lengths, and due to the high risk of causing perforation, it was decided to perform an exploratory laparotomy and extraction of foreign bodies through a gastrotomy, and through the appendicular orifice without the need to open an intestinal loop. Conclusions: A possible method to extract the fine foreign bodies that manage to pass through the Trietz angle is to advance the foreign body through the appendicular orifice and perform a complementary appendectomy, thus achieving its extraction without performing an enterotomy.

8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 481-486, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254307

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La prevención de las complicaciones en el manejo de la apendicitis aguda sigue siendo un reto para el cirujano pediatra; por lo que es de gran importancia comparar las opciones de manejo quirúrgico, para saber si es posible prevenir dichos resultados, que finalmente llevan a un aumento en el uso de recursos necesarios para tratar a un paciente. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar las complicaciones postoperatorias y los costos de la laparoscopia transumbilical asistida y la laparoscopia multipuerto, en pacientes pediátricos en un hospital general de cuarto nivel de la ciudad de Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, entre octubre de 2011 y enero de 2019. Métodos. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo, de corte transversal, con muestreo no probabilístico a conveniencia, en el que se incluyeron los pacientes entre 0 y 16 años de edad, con historia clínica completa y diagnóstico postquirúrgico de apendicitis aguda, los cuales fueron intervenidos mediante cirugía laparoscópica transumbilical asistida o por multipuerto. Se hizo un análisis descriptivo univariado y bivariado. Resultados. De los 850 pacientes operados en ese periodo, la técnica quirúrgica más usada fue multipuerto (n=528, 62,1%) y se presentaron complicaciones en 59 (6,94%) de los pacientes. El diagnóstico postquirúrgico más frecuente fue apendicitis no perforada (n=762, 89,6%). Al comparar los dos grupos se encontró un valor de p de 0,9685 para la edad, 0,5364 para el diagnóstico postquirúrgico, 0,1127 para las complicaciones postoperatorias y 0,0085 para el costo. Discusión. El costo de hospitalización y las complicaciones de los pacientes a quienes se les practicó apendicectomía transumbilical asistida es similar a la técnica por multipuerto


Introduction. The prevention of complications in the management of acute appendicitis remains a challenge for the pediatric surgeon. Therefore, it is of great importance to compare the surgical management options, to know if it is possible to prevent these results, which ultimately lead to an increase in the use of resources necessary to treat a patient. The objective of this study was to compare the postoperative complications and costs of assisted transumbilical laparoscopy and multiport laparoscopy in pediatric patients. Method. Observational, descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional study with non-probabilistic convenience sampling, where patients between 0 and 16 years old with a complete medical history, with a postsurgical diagnosis of acute appendicitis, who underwent assisted transumbilical surgery or by multiport performed at a fourth level general hospital in Bogotá, Colombia, between October 2011 and January of 2019. A descriptive univariate and bivariate analysis was performed. Results. Of the 850 patients operated on in this period, the most used surgical technique was multiport (n=528; 62.1%) and complications occurred in 59 (6.94%) of the patients. The most frequent postsurgical diagnosis was non-perforated appendicitis (n=762; 89.6%). Comparing the two groups, a p-value of 0.9685 was found for age, 0.5364 for postsurgical diagnosis, 0.1127 for postoperative complications, and 0.0085 for cost. Discussion. The cost of hospitalization and complications for patients who underwent assisted transumbilical appendectomy is similar to the multiport technique


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Appendectomy , Postoperative Complications , Costs and Cost Analysis
9.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 91-97, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150523

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La mortalidad perioperatoria se considera una de las herramientas clave para medir la fuerza del sistema de salud de un país en el área quirúrgica. Actualmente, no se cuenta con las cifras totales de las apendicectomías realizadas en nuestro pais, a pesar de ser un procedimiento quirúrgico extremadamente común. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con datos de pacientes de todas las edades, reportados como afiliados al sistema de salud contributivo de Colombia y a quienes se les realizó una apendicectomía entre el 1° de enero de 2011 y el 31 de diciembre de 2016. La información se obtuvo de bases de datos nacionales y se procesó a partir del cálculo de variables, como la tasa de mortalidad perioperatoria y el volumen quirúrgico, estimando una tasa de mortalidad a treinta días, por sexo, grupo etario y región geográfica. Resultados. Entre las 231.570 apendicectomías que se identificaron, se halló una mayor tasa de mortalidad perioperatoria en el grupo etario de hombres mayores de 80 años con 17,3 %. La región oriental presentó la menor tasa de mortalidad con 0,01 %. El mayor volumen quirúrgico se presentó en el año 2012 y el menor en el año 2016.Discusión. La tasa de mortalidad de apendicectomía en diferentes grupos etarios es similar a la de otros países de ingresos medios y bajos, en tanto que la mayor heterogeneidad de la tasa de mortalidad entre las diferentes regiones, se percibe en los grupos de menores de un año y de mayores de 65 años. Este estudio se constituye como una aproximación inicial a la tasa de mortalidad en apendicectomías realizadas en Colombia


Introduction. Perioperative mortality is considered one of the key tools to measure the strength of a country's health system, in the surgical area. Currently, there are no total figures for appendectomies performed in our country, despite being an extremely common surgical procedure.Methods. Retrospective cohort study with data from patients of all ages, reported as affiliated to the contributory health system in Colombia and who underwent an appendectomy between 01/01/2011 and 12/31/2016. The information, which was obtained from national databases, was processed by calculating variables such as perioperative mortality rate and surgical volume, estimating a 30-day mortality rate, by sex, age group and geographic region. Results. Among the 231,570 appendectomies that were identified, a higher perioperative mortality rate was found in the age group of men older than 80 years with 17.31%. The eastern region had the lowest mortality rate with 0.01%. The highest surgical volume occurred in 2012 and the lowest in 2016.Discussion.The mortality rate from appendectomies in different age groups is similar to that of other low- and middle-income countries, while the greater heterogeneity of the mortality rate between the different regions is seen in the groups of children under one year of age and older over 65 years old. This study constitutes an initial approximation to the mortality rate in appendectomies performed in Colombia


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendectomy , Mortality , Laparoscopy , Age Groups
10.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 150-154, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150540

ABSTRACT

La incidencia de las hernias inguinales en Colombia es de aproximadamente 15 por cada 1000 habitantes, y el riesgo de presentar una hernia inguinal durante la vida es del 27 % en hombres y del 3 % en mujeres. Existen presentaciones poco frecuentes como la hernia de Amyand que consiste en la protrusión del apéndice cecal, inflamada o no, dentro del contenido del saco herniario. A nivel global, tiene una incidencia del 0,13 % al 1 % y su tratamiento se realiza basándose en la clasificación de Losanoff y Basson. Sin embargo, una de las controversias aún existentes respecto al manejo quirúrgico, es la indicación del uso o no de mallas al momento de realizar la hernioplastia y el resultado final del mismo, así que este es el punto donde se centra la revisión de nuestro artículo. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 79 años con una hernia de Amyand tipo 2, a quien se le practicó hernioplastia con malla de baja densidad absorbible, con adecuada evolución posquirúrgica


The incidence of inguinal hernias in Colombia is approximately 15 per 1000 inhabitants, and the risk of presenting an inguinal hernia during life is 27% in men and 3% in women. There are rare presentations such as Amyand's hernia, which consists of the protrusion of the cecal appendix, inflamed or not, within the content of the hernial sac. At a global level, it has an incidence of 0.13% to 1% and its treatment is based on the Losanoff and Basson classification. However, one of the still existing controversies regarding surgical management is the indication of the use or not of meshes at the time of performing the hernioplasty, and the final result of it, this is the point where the review of our article focuses. We present the case of a 79-year-old patient with a type 2 Amyand hernia who underwent hernioplasty with a low-density absorbable mesh, with adequate postoperative evolution


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Inguinal , Appendectomy , Prostheses and Implants , Herniorrhaphy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909269

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the analgesic efficacy of dexmedetomidine combined with fentanyl citrate injection in patients undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy and its effects on inflammatory factor level.Methods:200 patients with appendicitis who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy in Hangzhou Dajiangdong Hospital from April 2017 to March 2019 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive postoperative anesthesia either with fentanyl citrate injection alone (control group, n = 100) or fentanyl citrate injection combined with dexmedetomidine (observation group, n = 100). At different time points after surgery, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score was compared between the two groups. Inflammatory factors C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels before and after surgery, and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results:At 6, 12, 24 and 48 hours after surgery, VAS score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( t = 4.671, 9.594, 10.877 and 12.358, all P < 0.001). Before surgery, there were significant differences in C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels between the two groups ( t = 0.224, 0.188, 0.421, all P > 0.05). At 24 hours after surgery, C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels in each group were significantly increased compared with before surgery, and C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-α levels in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t = 2.496, 2.209, 3.165, all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the control and observation groups [8.00% (8/100) vs. 10.00% (10/100), χ2 = 0.244, P > 0.05]. Conclusion:Dexmedetomidine combined with fentanyl citrate injection exhibits good and anesthesic and analgesic effects during laparoscopic appendectomy, helps inhibit the expression of inflammatory factors, reduces the level of inflammatory factors, leads to less adverse reactions, and is highly safe.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908055

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal surgical time of laparoscopic appendectomy after conservative treatment of appendiceal abscess in children.Methods:Clinical data of 86 children with appendiceal abscess diagnosed in the Department of General Surgery, Wuhan Children′s Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2016 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the delayed laparoscopic appendectomy interval after the appendiceal abscess was cured, 86 children were divided into group A, B and C. Briefly, patients in the 3 groups were treated with laparoscopic appendectomy 4 weeks, 8 weeks and over 12 weeks after the appendiceal abscess was cured, respectively.Children with recurrent appendicitis during delayed operation were not included.The incidence of appendicitis recurrence during delayed operation, the incidences of intraoperative complications, conversion to laparotomy, and postoperative complications, operation time, the time of postoperative intestinal function recovery, and postoperative hospital stay were compared among 3 groups.Results:There were 10, 31 and 45 cases in group A, B and C, respectively.Among them 10, 30 and 39 patients received laparoscopic appendectomy, and 0, 1 and 6 cases had appendicitis recurrence in group A, B and C, respectively.There were no significant differences in the age, gender, diameter of appendiceal abscess, inflammatory indexes at diagnosis of diagnosing appendiceal abscess, cure time of conservative treatment of abscess, and inflammatory indexes at laparoscopic appendectomy among the 3 groups (all P>0.05). The incidence of appendicitis recurrence in group C(13.33%) was significantly higher than that in group A (0) and group B (3.22%)( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of appendicitis recurrence between group A and group B( P>0.05). The incidences of intraoperative(group A, B, C was 40.00%, 10.00%, 10.26%, respectively) and postoperative complications (group A, B, C was 40.00%, 6.70%, 5.10%, respectively), and conversion to laparotomy(group A, B, C was 20.00%, 0, 0), operation time [group A, B, C was (106.70±7.42) d, 41.40±10.44) d, (39.60±11.27) d, respectively], postoperative intestinal function recovery time [group A, B, C was(5.80±2.15) d, (0.93±0.17) d, (0.83±0.11) d], and postoperative hospital stay[group A, B, C was(12.40±4.15) d, (1.67±0.31) d, (1.58±0.44) d] in group A were significantly higher than those in group B and group C(all P<0.05), but no significant differences were found between group B and group C(all P>0.05). Conclusions:Eight weeks are the best time for laparoscopic appendectomy after conservative treatment of appendiceal abscess in children.

13.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(3): 232-236, 20210000. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348029

ABSTRACT

Introduction: To evaluate the prevalence of appendix neoplasia correlating with patient profile, histological types and frequency. Methods: Data collection was performed in the Pathology Department of a General Hospital, with the objective of identifying patients diagnosed with malignant cecal appendix tumors by histopathologic study of specimens from acute appendicitis. Results: The prevalence of malignant primary epithelial neoplasia of the appendix was 1%. Fifty percent of the cases were neuroendocrine tumors, 35% were mucinous, and 15% were adenocarcinomas. The mean age at diagnosis was 41.3 (SD, 20.4) years (range 16-81), with a women/men ratio of 3:1. Discussion: Appendiceal neoplasms are rare and should be suspected manly in women over 40 years of age with suggestive symptoms of acute appendicitis. The size, location, extent, margins and presence of mucin are essential findings for the treatment of these patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Appendiceal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Appendicitis , Adenocarcinoma , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous
14.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(4): 306-312, 20210000. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349512

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A apendicectomia é o tratamento de escolha da apendicite aguda. Embora a preferência pelas técnicas minimamente invasivas seja tendência mundial, a cirurgia aberta ainda é realidade na maioria dos hospitais públicos. O índice de complicações pós-operatórias varia de acordo com a técnica cirúrgica empregada. O presente estudo objetiva comparar a incidência de complicações pós-operatórias entre a apendicectomia aberta e laparoscópica. Métodos: Coorte retrospectiva incluindo pacientes submetidos à apendicectomia no Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre entre novembro de 2015 a novembro de 2019. Foram avaliados dados demográficos, tempo de evolução dos sintomas, técnica cirúrgica, achados transoperatórios, necessidade de drenos ou ostomias, tempo cirúrgico, tempo de internação, experiência do cirurgião e desfechos. Resultados: Foram incluídos 358 pacientes, com idade de 32 ± 13,8 anos, e predomínio do sexo masculino (58,9%); 58,1% foram submetidos a cirurgia aberta, 41,9% a laparoscopia e 8% necessitaram conversão. As apendicites foram classificadas como complicadas em um terço dos casos. O tempo cirúrgico foi menor na cirurgia aberta (79,3 ± 38,8 vs. 104 ± 35,2 minutos; p < 0,001). O índice de complicações pós-operatórias foi de 21,2%, sendo significativamente maior na técnica aberta (26,4% vs. 13%; p = 0,003). O tempo de internação, a necessidade de reintervenção e mortalidade não apresentaram diferença entre as técnicas. Conclusão: Embora a apendicectomia aberta seja um procedimento seguro, com bons resultados e baixa morbimortalidade, a laparoscopia oferece potenciais vantagens em termos de evolução pós-operatória, inclusive em casos complicados. Deve ser indicada rotineiramente havendo disponibilidade de material e capacitação da equipe cirúrgica. (AU)


Introduction: Appendectomy is the treatment of choice for acute appendicitis. Although the preference for minimally invasive techniques is a worldwide trend, open surgery remains a reality in most public hospitals. The rate of postoperative complications varies according to the surgical technique employed. The present study aimed to compare the incidence of postoperative complications between open and laparoscopic appendectomy. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients undergoing appendectomy at the Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre between November 2015 and November 2019. Demographic and clinical data, duration of symptoms, surgical technique, intraoperative findings, use of abdominal drains or stomas, operative time, length of stay, surgeon's experience, and outcomes were assessed. Results: Three hundred and fifty-eight patients were included, predominantly male (58.9%), with a mean age of 32 ± 13.8 years; 58.1% underwent open surgery, 41.9% underwent laparoscopic surgery, and 8% required conversion. One third of the cases were classified as complicated. The mean operative time was shorter for open surgery (79.3 ± 38.8 vs. 104 ± 35.2 minutes; p < 0.001). The rate of postoperative complications was 21.2%, with a significantly higher incidence in the open technique (26.4% vs. 13%; p = 0.003). Length of stay, reoperation rate, and mortality did not differ between the techniques. Conclusions: Although open appendectomy is a safe and efficient procedure, associated with low morbidity and mortality rates, laparoscopy provides potential clinically beneficial advantages in terms of postoperative outcomes, even in complicated cases. Therefore, it should be routinely performed where laparoscopic equipment and skillful staff are available. (AU)


Subject(s)
Appendectomy/adverse effects , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications
15.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20213010, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340673

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Acute appendicitis is the leading cause of abdominal emergency surgery worldwide and appendectomy continues to be the definitive treatment of choice. This cost-effectiveness analysis evaluates laparoscopic versus open appendectomies performed in public health services in the state of Bahia (Brazil). We conducted a retrospective observational study using the database from the Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System (DATASUS). Available data on appendectomies between 2008 and 2019 were included, and we evaluated the temporal trend of hospital admissions, procedure-related mortality rates, length of stay, and costs. Statistical analysis was performed using the R-software (R Foundation, v.4.0.3) and the BioEstat software (IMDS, v. 5.3), considering p<0.05 as significant. During 2008-2019, 53,024 appendectomies were performed in the public health services in Bahia, of which 94.9% were open surgeries. The open technique was associated with a higher mortality rate (4.9/1,000 procedures; p<0.05) and a higher risk of death (RR=4.5; p<0.05) compared to laparoscopy (1.1/1,000 procedures). Laparoscopic appendectomy (median of 2.7 days) had a shorter length of stay compared to laparotomy (median of 4.15 days) (p<0.05). There was no difference in the medians of costs nor hospital services, per procedure (p=0.08 and p=0.08, respectively). Laparoscopic professional median costs were higher by US$ 1.39 (p<0.05). Minimally invasive surgery for appendicitis is a safe and efficacious procedure in Brazilian public health care services, as it provides advantages over the open method (including lower procedure-related mortality rate and earlier discharges), and it did not imply higher expenses for public service budgets in the state of Bahia.


RESUMO Apendicite aguda é a principal causa de cirurgia abdominal de emergência no mundo e a apendicectomia continua sendo o tratamento definitivo de escolha. A presente investigação avalia desfechos e custos das apendicectomias laparoscópicas versus abertas realizadas em serviços públicos de saúde no estado da Bahia (Brasil). Realizou-se estudo observacional retrospectivo, utilizando a base de dados do DATASUS. Incluiu-se dados disponíveis sobre apendicectomias na Bahia entre 2008 e 2019, avaliando-se a tendência temporal de internações, taxas de mortalidade por procedimentos, tempo de permanência e custos. A análise estatística foi realizada no R-software (Fundação R, v.4.0.3) e no software BioEstat (IMDS, v.5.3), considerando p<0,05 significativo. Entre 2008 e 2019, realizou-se 53.024 apendicectomias no serviço público de saúde na Bahia, das quais 94,9% foram cirurgias abertas. A laparotomia foi associada à maior taxa de mortalidade (4,9/1.000 procedimentos; p<0,05) e maior risco de morte (RR=4,5; p<0,05) do que laparoscopia (1,1/1.000 procedimentos). Apendicectomia laparoscópica (mediana de 2,7 dias) obteve menor tempo de internamento do que cirurgia laparotômica (mediana de 4,15 dias) (p<0,05). Não houve diferença entre as medianas dos custos e nem dos serviços hospitalares por procedimento (p=0,08 e p=0,08, respectivamente). A mediana do custo de profissionais na laparoscopia foi significativamente mais elevada, em US$ 1,39 (p<0,05). A cirurgia minimamente invasiva para apendicite é um procedimento seguro e eficaz, proporcionando vantagens sobre a laparotomia (incluindo menor taxa de mortalidade e alta precoce), não implicando, por sua vez, em maiores despesas para cofres públicos no estado da Bahia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/surgery , Laparoscopy , Appendectomy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Laparotomy , Length of Stay
16.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213282

ABSTRACT

Intussusception is the telescoping of the proximal segment of the intestine within the lumen of the adjacent segment. Adult intussusception is rare and its aetiology differs from paediatrics. Surgery is highly recommended and challenging considering the possibility of carcinoma. Post-operative intussusception is a rare and bizarre complication. We report an 18-year old male who had undergone uncomplicated appendectomy outside the institute with missed histopathological examination (HPE) report, presented with abdominal pain for 1 week, vomiting 4 days, obstipation 1 day. On examination ovoid mass of size (12×7 cm) in right hypochondrium. A plain abdomen radiograph shows dilated bowel loops. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) abdomen and pelvis showed telescoping of small bowel into the caecum. Suggestive of post-appendectomy intussusception causing intestinal obstruction, emergency laparotomy revealed telescoping of ileum into caecum, acting as the leading point of intussusception, proceeded with right hemicolectomy and ileo-transverse anastomosis. With blindsiding HPE defining high grade diffuse large B cell lymphoma, immunohistochemistry stains nuclear positivity for cluster of differentiation-20 (CD-20) >80%, and Ki-67 >90%. Surgery plus chemotherapy is warranted being a high-grade tumour. Surgery must be restricted to the primary tumour, with mesenteric lymph node involvement based on oncological principles. Laparoscopic approach is preferred nowadays.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213336

ABSTRACT

Acute appendicitis is one of the most common surgical emergencies in the world. Appendectomy can be done through an open technique, but the laparoscopic approach has become the gold standard for surgical treatment of acute appendicitis. This technique has been found to be associated with decreased postoperative pain, morbidity and length of stay when compared to open appendectomy. However, complications from laparoscopic appendectomy can still occur. We present a case of an internal hernia causing a small bowel obstruction, from adhesions due to loose staples after a laparoscopic appendectomy. Laparoscopic linear cutting staples and automatic clip applier are commonly fired across the appendiceal stump. At the end of the laparoscopy, if the free intraperitoneal staples are not removed with grasper or suction, it can lead to bowel obstruction. We report the clinical presentation, diagnostic work up, treatment and management of mechanical small bowel obstruction caused by loose staples in a pediatric patient.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215088

ABSTRACT

Acute appendicitis is a common disease. It may be tough to identify even with radiological and laboratory investigations. Migratory pain in the abdomen is a helpful key symptom, provided the patient presents within 24 hours of onset of appendicitis. METHODSPatients clinically presenting as acute appendicitis and operated for appendicectomy were recruited in the study. The presence and absence of migratory pain in the abdomen were evaluated and compared with the histopathology of the appendix. Parameters of diagnostic accuracy were measured. RESULTSThe sensitivity and specificity of migration of abdominal pain was found to be 97 percent and 100 percent respectively. The positive predictive value and the negative predictive value was 100 percent and 94 percent respectively. Overall diagnostic accuracy was 98%. CONCLUSIONSMigratory pain in the abdomen is a significant symptom to identify as well to rule out acute appendicitis.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215074

ABSTRACT

Acute appendicitis is a frequently encountered surgical disease. Detection is difficult even with imaging and blood investigations. Total leukocyte count is a promising investigation. Its role in the confirmation of acute appendicitis is investigated and analysed in the present study. MethodsPatients having acute appendicitis treated by surgical intervention (appendicectomy) were included in the study. The leukocyte count measured before surgery was compared with histopathology findings of the appendix. Parameters of diagnostic accuracy of leukocytosis were measured by standard formulae. ResultsThe sensitivity and specificity of leucocytosis were found to be 76 percent and 12.5 percent respectively. The positive predictive value and negative predictive value of leucocytosis was 65 percent and 20 percent respectively. Overall diagnostic accuracy was 56 percent. The results were compared with histopathology of acute appendicitis. ConclusionsLeukocytosis is a helpful investigation to support the diagnosis of acute appendicitis.

20.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213220

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute appendicitis is one of the most common emergencies encountered by surgeons. Although laparoscopic appendectomy is the preferred approach complicated appendicitis with a mass, abscess or perforation do present with a challenge to the operating surgeon compelling him to convert to open surgery. Our study aimed at identifying pre-operative factors that would help us predict the risk of conversion to open surgery.Methods: This was a prospective analytical study. All cases admitted over a period of one year undergoing emergency appendectomy were included in the study. The duration of history, clinical presentation, laboratory and radiological investigations were noted. The reason for conversion to open surgery was recorded. The post-operative stay and complications were analyzed.Results: A total of 160 patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were included in the study. The mean age was 33.78 years with a male preponderance of 58%. The duration of history, clinical and radiological evidence of complicated appendicitis and peritonitis, total leucocyte count and serum bilirubin levels were identified as pre-operative predictors for risk of conversion to open surgery from laparoscopic appendectomy.Conclusions: These predictors are useful in predicting conversion to open surgery in laparoscopic emergency appendectomy. In these cases, proceeding with an open surgical approach may be beneficial to the patient in reducing operative time, cost, hospital stay and complications as laparoscopic approach may prove to be unsuccessful. This would help in enhanced communication between the surgeon and the patient with respect to the outcome and prognosis.

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