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1.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 44(3): 349-361, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374594

ABSTRACT

Objective: The present meta-analysis was conducted to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the bipolarity index (BI) and Rapid Mode Screener (RMS) as compared with the Bipolar Spectrum Diagnostic Scale (BSDS), the Hypomania Checklist (HCL-32), and the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) in people with bipolar disorder (BD). Methods: We systematically searched five databases using standard search terms, and relevant articles published between May 1990 and November 30, 2021 were collected and reviewed. Results: Ninety-three original studies were included (n=62,291). At the recommended cutoffs for the BI, HCL-32, BSDS, MDQ, and RMS, the pooled sensitivities were 0.82, 0.75, 0.71, 0.71, and 0.78, respectively, while the corresponding pooled specificities were 0.73, 0.63, 0.73, 0.77, and 0.72, respectively. However, there was evidence that the accuracy of the BI was superior to that of the other tests, with a relative diagnostic odds ratio (RDOR) of 1.22 (0.98-1.52, p < 0.0001). The RMS was significantly more accurate than the other tests, with an RDOR (95%CI) of 0.79 (0.67-0.92, p < 0.0001) for the detection of BD type I (BD-I). However, there was evidence that the accuracy of the MDQ was superior to that of the other tests, with an RDOR of 1.93 (0.89-2.79, p = 0.0019), for the detection of BD type II (BD-II). Conclusion: The psychometric properties of two new instruments, the BI and RMS, in people with BD were consistent with considerably higher diagnostic accuracy than the HCL-32, BSDS, and MDQ. However, a positive screening should be confirmed by a clinical diagnostic evaluation for BD.

2.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 44(2): 178-186, Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374578

ABSTRACT

Treatment-resistant bipolar depression (TRBD) has been reported in about one-quarter of patients with bipolar disorders, and few interventions have shown clear and established effectiveness. We conducted a narrative review of the published medical literature to identify papers discussing treatment-resistant depression concepts and novel interventions for bipolar depression that focus on TRBD. We searched for potentially relevant English-language articles published in the last decade. Selected articles (based on the title and abstract) were retrieved for a more detailed evaluation. A number of promising new interventions, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological, are being investigated for TRBD treatment, including ketamine, lurasidone, D-cycloserine, pioglitazone, N-acetylcysteine, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers, cyclooxygenase 2 inhibitors, magnetic seizure therapy, intermittent theta-burst stimulation, deep transcranial magnetic stimulation, vagus nerve stimulation therapy, and deep brain stimulation. Although there is no consensus about the concept of TRBD, better clarification of the neurobiology associated with treatment non-response could help identify novel strategies. More research is warranted, mainly focusing on personalizing current treatments to optimize response and remission rates.

3.
Rev. Bras. Psicoter. (Online) ; 24(1): 17-30, jan-abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1369980

ABSTRACT

As pessoas diagnosticadas com transtorno bipolar vivenciam episódios de depressão, mania/hipomania e até mesmo episódios mistos. O transtorno tem causa multifatorial, apresenta uma intensa carga genética e está associado aos sintomas físicos e psicológicos. Há vários aspectos importantes no tratamento do transtorno bipolar, sendo a medicação e a psicoterapia cognitivo-comportamental dois pilares fundamentais. Utilizandose do artefato cultural lançado em março de 2015, dirigido e escrito por Paul Dalio, o filme Touched with Fire (Tocados pelo Fogo), objetiva-se relacionar o transtorno bipolar vivenciado por Carla, com uma das intervenções psicossociais que mais demonstram eficácia em prevenir a recorrência maníaca e depressiva: a Terapia Cognitivo Comportamental (TCC) e suas técnicas. Este trabalho baseia-se em um método de abordagem qualitativa de natureza descritiva, cuja fundamentação teórica foi elaborada através de uma revisão bibliográfica da literatura produzida sobre o tema. A psicologia baseada em evidências salienta que a TCC é uma das abordagens mais eficazes para o tratamento do transtorno. Destacou-se técnicas cognitivo-comportamentais para utilizar no tratamento de Carla, sendo elas: psicoeducação, gráfico do humor ­ afetivograma, reestruturação cognitiva, cenário da pior hipótese, intervenção familiar e prevenção à recaída. A partir dos achados, percebe-se que várias áreas da vida do sujeito diagnosticado com transtorno bipolar são afetadas, mas com acompanhamento psiquiátrico e medicamentoso, aliado à TCC, há bons prognósticos.(AU)


Diagnosed people with bipolar disorder experience episodes of depression, mania/hypomania and mixed episodes. The disorder has multifactorial causes, presents heavy genetic relation, and is associated with physical and psychological symptoms. Several aspects on bipolar disorder treatment are important, with medication and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) being two fundamental pillars. Using the movie written and directed by Paul Dalio, Touched With Fire (2015), as a cultural artifact the present work aim to connect the bipolar disorder experienced by the character Carla with one of the most effective psychosocial interventions on prevent maniac and depressive recurrence: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and its techniques. The method used on the present study was of qualitative and descriptive nature, with the theorical base produced through a review of literature on the theme. Evidence-based psychology points that CBT is one of the most effective for bipolar disorder treatment. We highlighted behavioral cognitive techniques to use on Carla's treatment: psychoeducation, mood chart, cognitive restructuring, worst case scenario hypothesis, family intervention and relapse prevention. Based on our findings we note that several areas of the subject's life diagnosed with bipolar disorder are affected, but there is good prognosis with psychiatric and medication follow-up allied to cognitive behavioral therapy.(AU)


Personas con diagnóstico de trastorno bipolar vivencian episodios de depresión, manía/hipomanía e incluso episodios mezclados. El trastorno tiene causa multifactorial, presenta una fuerte carga genética y se asocia a síntomas físicos y psicológicos. Hay varios aspectos importantes en el tratamiento del trastorno bipolar, siendo la medicación y la psicoterapia cognitivo-conductual dos pilares fundamentales. Utilizando el artefacto cultural lanzado en marzo de 2015, dirigido y escrito por Paul Dalio, la película Touched with Fire (Tocados por el Fuego), tiene como objetivo relacionar el trastorno bipolar vivenciado por Carla con una de las intervenciones psicosociales que más demuestran eficacia en la prevención de la recurrencia maníaca y depresiva: la Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual (TCC) y sus técnicas. Este trabajo se basa en una metodología cualitativa de carácter descriptivo. Para el desarrollo de la fundamentación teórica se elaboró una revisión bibliográfica de la literatura producida acerca del tema. La psicología basada en evidencias resalta que la TCC es uno de los abordajes más efectivos para el tratamiento del trastorno. Teniendo en cuenta el tratamiento de Carla, se destacaron técnicas cognitivo conductuales a utilizarse: psicoeducación, gráfico del estado de ánimo ­ afectivograma, reestructuración cognitiva, peor escenario, intervención familiar y prevención de recaídas. A partir de los hallazgos, se evidencia que varias áreas de la vida del sujeto diagnosticado con trastorno bipolar se ven afectadas, pero con acompañamiento psiquiátrico y farmacológico, combinado con la TCC, hay buenos pronósticos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Psychotherapy , Bipolar Disorder , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Motion Pictures
4.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 71(1): 63-68, jan.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365060

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Discussing the psychiatric diagnosis of Alberto Santos-Dumont, considered in Brazil to be the inventor of the airplane, who was admitted to psychiatric institutions several times and committed suicide. METHODS: A narrative review was carried out on the psychopathological manifestations he presented, based on some of the most important biographies about the aviator. No scientific article on the topic was found. RESULTS: Depressive episodes were well characterized. Behavioral changes that suggest manic episodes have also been reported. CONCLUSION: He probably suffered from bipolar disorder.


OBJETIVO: Discutir o diagnóstico psiquiátrico de Alberto Santos-Dumont, considerado no Brasil o inventor do avião, que foi diversas vezes internado em instituições psiquiátricas e cometeu suicídio. MÉTODOS: Foi realizada uma revisão narrativa sobre as manifestações psicopatológicas que ele apresentou, com base em algumas das mais importantes biografias sobre o aviador. Nenhum artigo científico sobre o tema foi encontrado. RESULTADOS: Episódios depressivos ficaram bem caracterizados. Foram relatadas ainda alterações do comportamento que sugerem episódios maníacos. CONCLUSÃO: Provavelmente ele sofria de transtorno bipolar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , History, 19th Century , History, 20th Century , Psychopathology , Bipolar Disorder , Aircraft/history , Suicide , Depression/psychology
5.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 44(1): 94-102, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360170

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine personality/temperament features and mental health vulnerability in offspring of mothers with bipolar disorders (BD), including dimensions which may impact psychological characteristics or therapeutic measures. Methods: A systematic review, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, was conducted to search for original articles that investigated personality/temperament features of offspring of women with BD and emotional factors involved in the mother-child relationship. The electronic search was performed in the PubMed, Web of Science, and PsycINFO databases from February 2010 to February 2017. Results: Ten quantitative studies were included in the analysis: seven from the United States, two from Brazil, and one from Canada. The narrative synthesis was categorized into three dimensions: 1) reliability of instruments for prediction of future psychopathology in offspring; 2) environmental risk factors for offspring; and 3) early interventions. The findings showed impairments in the offspring's lives, high rates of behavior and temperament problems, and psychiatric disorders. Conclusion: BD is a frequent psychiatric disorder, and the offspring of mothers with this condition are exposed to complex family relationships and psychosocial difficulties. If they are to ensure a good provision of mental health and psychosocial care to this unique population, early interventions must not neglect their contextual specificities. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD-42017039010

6.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(284): 7001-7011, jan-2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1371092

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar na literatura os impactos da psicoeducação para familiares de pacientes com Esquizofrenia e Transtorno Afetivo Bipolar. Método: revisão integrativa realizada na plataforma BVS por artigos publicados em periódicos nacionais e internacionais, utilizando-se as bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE e BDENF com os descritores "Esquizofrenia" AND "Transtorno Bipolar" AND "Familiar Cuidador". Foram analisados artigos em português, inglês e espanhol publicados nos últimos dez anos (2010 a 2020). Resultados: Os estudos revisados mostraram que a psicoeducação em enfermagem é um recurso valioso na intervenção com as famílias, além de instrumentalizar os familiares de pacientes portadores de transtorno mental grave em relação à doença de seus entes. Conclusão: Com a Psicoeducação, é possível implementar estratégias de promoção, prevenção e cuidado de enfermagem, não apenas para o indivíduo, mas também para a família, a fim de proporcionar um cuidado integral.(AU)


Objective: to identify in the literature the impacts of psychoeducation on family members of patients with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Affective Disorder. Method: integrative review carried out on the VHL platform for articles published in national and international journals, using the LILACS, MEDLINE and BDENF databases with the descriptors "Schizophrenia" AND "Bipolar Disorder" AND "Family Caregiver". Articles in Portuguese, English and Spanish published in the last ten years (2010 to 2020) were analyzed. Results: The reviewed studies showed that psychoeducation in nursing is a valuable resource in intervention with families, in addition to providing tools for family members of patients with severe mental disorders in relation to their loved ones' illness. Conclusion: With Psychoeducation, it is possible to implement promotion, prevention and nursing care strategies, not only for the individual, but also for the family, in order to provide comprehensive care.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar en la literatura los impactos de la psicoeducación en familiares de pacientes con Esquizofrenia y Trastorno Afectivo Bipolar. Método: revisión integradora realizada en la plataforma BVS de artículos publicados en revistas nacionales e internacionales, utilizando las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE y BDENF con los descriptores "Esquizofrenia" Y "Trastorno bipolar" Y "Cuidador familiar". Se analizaron artículos en portugués, inglés y español publicados en los últimos diez años (2010 a 2020). Resultados: Los estudios revisados mostraron que la psicoeducación en enfermería es un recurso valioso en la intervención con las familias, además de brindar herramientas a los familiares de pacientes con trastornos mentales graves en relación con la enfermedad de sus seres queridos. Conclusión: Con la Psicoeducación es posible implementar estrategias de promoción, prevención y atención de enfermería, no solo para el individuo, sino también para la familia, con el fin de brindar una atención integral.(AU)


Subject(s)
Schizophrenia , Bipolar Disorder , Caregivers
7.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 50(4): 238-242, oct.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376926

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: Psychiatric diagnosis is based on clinical manifestations, resulting from patients' internal state, their life situation, the evolution of their condition and the response to our interventions. There are currently few objective data which help to establish the diagnosis which is why this is based on diagnostic criteria such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). The DSM defines entities by their diagnostic stability, however there are several causes of variability as categorised by Spritzer et al. (1987): subjects variance (changing in patients), occasions variance (different episodes), information variance (new information) and observation variance (different interpretations). This paper aims to determine the diagnostic stability of patients with Psychotic Disorders among patients readmitted to our Psychiatric Unit. Methods: Retrospective analysis of the diagnoses of patients with Psychotic Disorders who had been readmitted to our unit. We analysed data from the last 12 years - 5422 admission episodes with 507 patients with a relevant diagnosis in this period. Results: Psychiatric diagnosis does evolve over time, nevertheless some diagnostic groups show a relatively significant stability over time - Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia with 69% and 77% stability, respectively. Diagnosis such as Depressive Psychosis and Drug-induced psychosis show a significantly lower stability (8% and 21%, respectively). Conclusions: Knowing our own reality can make us aware that a cross-sectional view of patients can be insufficient and only time can determine a clear diagnosis. This study may help us to understand how psychotic disorders evolve.


RESUMEN Objetivos: El diagnóstico psiquiátrico se basa en las manifestaciones clínicas, consecuencia del estado interno del paciente, de su situación vivencial, de la evolución de su enfermedad y de la respuesta a nuestras intervenciones. Actualmente, existen pocos datos objetivos que ayudan a establecer el diagnóstico por lo que éste se basa en criterios diagnósticos como el Manual Diagnóstico y Estadístico de los Trastornos Mentales (DSM). La DSM define diagnósticos por su estabilidad, sin embargo, existen varias causas de variabilidad caracterizadas por Spritzer et al. (1987): variación en el sujeto (cambio en el paciente), variación ocasional (diferentes episodios), variación en la información (nueva información) y variación en la observación (diferentes interpretaciones). Este trabajo pretende evaluar la estabilidad diagnóstica de los pacientes con Trastornos Psicóticos reinternados en nuestro internamiento psiquiátrico. Métodos: Análisis retrospectivo de los diagnósticos de los pacientes con Trastornos Psicóticos con reingresos en nuestro servicio. Se analizaron datos de los últimos 12 anos - 5422 admisiones con 507 pacientes con diagnóstico de interés en ese período. Resultados: El diagnóstico psiquiátrico se altera con el tiempo, sin embargo, algunos grupos revelan una mayor estabilidad a lo largo del tiempo - Perturbación Afectiva Bipolar y Esquizofrenia con el 69% y el 77%, respectivamente. Los diagnósticos como la depresión psicótica y la psicosis tóxica, revelan una estabilidad significativamente menor (8% y 21% respectivamente). Conclusiones: Conocer nuestra realidad nos hace conscientes de que una mirada transversal a los enfermos puede ser insuficiente y sólo el tiempo puede determinar un diagnóstico claro. Este trabajo puede ayudarnos a entender cómo evolucionan las enfermedades psicóticas.

8.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 50(4): 273-284, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376930

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Bipolar disorder (BD) has a large hereditary component. It is a disorder that begins in early adulthood, but about which it has been described a premorbid period preceding the onset of BD. During this herald expression psychiatric disorders and symptoms, such as depressive, manic, psychotic, anxious and others, may appear. Objective: To determine the psychopathological profile of a Bipolar Offspring (BO) group compared with the Community Control Offspring (CCO) group, and its evolution over time, including subthreshold symptoms and mental disorders. Methods: We conducted an observational mixed cohort study, with a prospective design. We included subjects from six to 30 years of age, from the region of Antioquia, Colombia. A total of 131 subjects from the risk group BO and 150 subjects from the CCO group were evaluated through validated psychiatric diagnostic interviews (K-SADS-PL and DIGS) at baseline and at 4 years follow up. All interviews were carried out by a staff blind to parent diagnoses. Follow-up assessment were complete in 72% of the offspring. Forty-two subjects were excluded as they surpassed the age of 30 years, and only 46 subjects were not followed (change of address or did not consent to participate). Results: Compared with the CCO group, the BO group had a higher frequency of affective disorder, psychotic disorder, externalizing disorders and use of the psychoactive substances during both assessments at time 1 and 2. The magnitude of the differences between the groups increased when they reach time 2. The BO group had a greater risk for presenting subthreshold symptoms and definitive psychiatric disorders, such as affective disorders, psychotic disorders and externalizing disorders. In addition, the BO group had a younger age of onset for psychoactive substances consumption. Conclusion: During the follow-up period, the BO group had a higher risk of presenting mental disorders compared with the CCO group. The most relevant symptoms and disorders that could precede the onset of BD were depressive, bipolar not otherwise specified, psychotic and substance use.


RESUMEN El trastorno bipolar (TB) tiene un gran componente hereditario. Es un trastorno que comienza en la edad adulta temprana, pero acerca del cual se ha descrito un período premórbido que precede al inicio de TB. Durante esta expresión heraldo, pueden aparecer trastornos y síntomas psiquiátricos, como depresivos, maníacos, psicóticos, ansiosos y otros. Objetivo: Determinar el perfil psicopatológico de un grupo de hijos de padres con TB (BO) en comparación con el grupo de hijos de padres control de la misma comunidad (CCO), y su evolución en el tiempo. Los síntomas subumbrales y los trastornos mentales serán incluidos. Métodos: Nosotros llevamos a cabo un estudio observacional mixto de cohorte, con diseño prospectivo. Incluimos sujetos de seis a 30 anos de edad, de la región de Antioquia, Colombia. Un total de 131 sujetos del grupo de riesgo BO y 150 sujetos del grupo CCO fueron evaluados a través de entrevistas de diagnóstico psiquiátricas validadas (K-SADS-PL y DIGS), al inicio yalos4anos de seguimiento. Todas las entrevistas se llevaron a cabo por personal ciego a los diagnósticos de los padres. La evaluación de seguimiento se completó en el 72% de la descendencia. Cuarenta y dos sujetos fueron excluidos ya que superaron la edad de 30 anos, y solo 46 sujetos no fueron seguidos (cambio de dirección o no dieron su consentimiento para participar). Resultados: En comparación con el grupo CCO, el grupo BO tuvo una mayor frecuencia de trastorno afectivo, el trastorno psicótico, los trastornos de externalización y el uso de las sustancias psicoactivas durante ambas evaluaciones en los tiempos 1 y 2. La magnitud de las diferencias entre los grupos aumentó cuando alcanzaron el tiempo 2. El grupo BO tuvo un mayor riesgo de presentar síntomas subumbrales y trastornos psiquiátricos definitivos, tales como trastornos afectivos, trastornos psicóticos y trastornos de externalización. Además, el grupo BO tuvo una edad de comienzo más baja para el consumo de sustancias psicoactivas. Conclusión: Durante el período de seguimiento, el grupo BO tuvo un mayor riesgo de presentar trastornos mentales en comparación con el grupo CCO. Los síntomas y trastornos más importantes que preceden al inicio del TB fueron: depresivo, bipolar no especificado de otra manera, psicóticos y el uso de sustancias.

9.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 70(4): 330-337, out.-dez.2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350962

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Evidenciar a influência dos aspectos subjetivos na adesão ao tratamento do transtorno bipolar. MÉTODOS: Foi realizada revisão sistemática com base nas diretrizes PRISMA. A identificação dos estudos foi realizada por meio da busca nos bancos de dados PubMed, Scopus e SciELO, com base nos descritores "Bipolar Disorder" AND "Treatment Adherence and Compliance" AND "Mental Health". A busca contemplou todos os artigos publicados até o ano 2020, sem restrição de idioma. RESULTADOS: Foram localizados 743 artigos, 714 foram excluídos no processo de seleção, 29 foram lidos na íntegra e 11 foram elegíveis para a composição da amostra. A influência dos aspectos subjetivos na adesão ao tratamento foi associada (1) às atitudes resultantes das percepções do sujeito sobre o transtorno e o tratamento e (2) as atitudes por influência de pessoas próximas. Os estudos apontam para a ocorrência de atitudes negativas em ambas as esferas, tendo a má adesão ao tratamento como desfecho. Na esfera da percepção do sujeito, evidenciam-se: presença de comportamentos intencionais e não intencionais; percepção de consequências; medo dos efeitos colaterais; sentimentos negativos; falta de compreensão sobre o transtorno e negação do diagnóstico. Na esfera da influência das pessoas próximas, destacam-se a baixa qualidade da aliança terapêutica e o suporte ineficaz oferecido pela família. CONCLUSÕES: Para melhorar a adesão ao tratamento do transtorno bipolar, é salutar que os esforços terapêuticos estejam centrados na experiência particular do sujeito, na sua satisfação e na colaboração pactuada com o tratamento.


OBJECTIVE: Evidence the influence of subjective aspects on adherence to the treatment of bipolar disorder. METHODS: A systematic review was performed based on the PRISMA guidelines. The identification of studies was performed by searching the PubMed, Scopus and Scielo databases based on the descriptors "Bipolar Disorder" AND "Treatment Adherence and Compliance" AND "Mental Health". The selection included all articles published up to the year 2020 and without language restrictions. RESULTS: A total of 743 articles were found, 714 were excluded from the selection process, 29 articles were read in full and 11 were eligible for sample composition. The influence of subjective aspects on treatment adherence was associated (1) with attitudes resulting from the subject's perceptions about the disorder and treatment and (2) attitudes influenced by people close to them. Studies point to the occurrence of negative attitudes in both spheres, with poor adherence to treatment as an outcome. In the sphere of the subject's perception, they show the presence of intentional and unintentional behaviors; perception of consequences; fear of side effects; negative feelings; lack of understanding about the disorder and denial of diagnosis. In the sphere of influence of those close to them, they highlight the low quality of the therapeutic alliance and the ineffective support offered by the family. CONCLUSIONS: To improve adherence to treatment for bipolar disorder, it is beneficial that therapeutic efforts are centered on the individual's particular experience, on their satisfaction and on the agreed collaboration with the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bipolar Disorder/psychology , Bipolar Disorder/drug therapy , Attitude to Health , Treatment Adherence and Compliance/psychology , Social Support , Antipsychotic Agents/pharmacology , Lithium Carbonate/pharmacology
10.
J. bras. psiquiatr ; 70(3): 275-279, jul.-set. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350954

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective D. Maria I, queen of Portugal, was the mother of João VI and grandmother of Pedro IV of Portugal and I of Brazil. She became the first monarch of Brazil, where she became known as "Maria, the madwoman". We aimed to try to identify the mental disorder she suffered from. Methods We conducted a review of biographies about D. Maria I and scientific articles that discussed her case. Results The sparse information about her mental illness strongly indicates that she had several depressive and manic episodes, which were accompanied by psychotic symptoms. Conclusion Her probable psychiatric diagnosis is that of bipolar disorder.


RESUMO Objetivo D. Maria I, rainha de Portugal, era mãe de D. João VI e avó de D. Pedro IV de Portugal e I do Brasil. Tornou-se a primeira monarca do Brasil, onde ficou conhecida como "Maria, a louca". Nosso objetivo foi tentar identificar o transtorno mental de que ela sofria. Métodos Realizamos uma revisão de biografias sobre D. Maria I e artigos científicos que discutiram seu caso. Resultados A escassa informação sobre sua doença mental indica fortemente que ela teve vários episódios depressivos e maníacos, os quais foram acompanhados por sintomas psicóticos. Conclusão Seu provável diagnóstico psiquiátrico é de transtorno bipolar.

11.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(2): 147-152, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285532

ABSTRACT

Objective: The increased prevalence rate of white matter hyperintensities is one of the most consistently reported brain abnormalities in adults with bipolar disorder. However, findings in children and adolescents with bipolar disorder are less consistent. Prior studies have been constrained by small sample sizes and/or poor age- and sex-matching of healthy controls. We examined this topic in the largest sample of adolescents with bipolar disorder to date. Methods: T2-weighted 3-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging data were acquired for 83 adolescents with bipolar disorder diagnosed via the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and the Schizophrenia, Present and Lifetime version semi-structured interview and 64 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. All acquired scans were examined by neuroradiologists and the presence or absence of white matter hyperintensities was determined for each participant. Results: The prevalence of white matter hyperintensities did not differ between adolescents with bipolar disorder (13.3%) and controls (21.9%; χ2 = 1.90; p = 0.168). Conclusion: In contrast to the study hypothesis, the prevalence of white matter hyperintensities was not higher in adolescents with bipolar disorder than controls. The large sample size and good matching for age and sex bolster the reliability of this negative finding. Future studies are warranted to evaluate the prevalence, incidence, and predictors of white matter hyperintensities in early-onset bipolar disorder prospectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Bipolar Disorder/epidemiology , Bipolar Disorder/diagnostic imaging , White Matter/diagnostic imaging , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Prevalence , Reproducibility of Results
12.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 19(1): 1-21, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289165

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: en Ecuador existen parámetros de calificación de discapacidad basados en la Clasificación Internacional del Funcionamiento de la Discapacidad y la Salud; sin embargo, los avances en investigación en el ámbito de la psiquiatría y la salud mental aún son escasos. Se empleó la Escala de Evaluación de Discapacidad de la Organización Mundial de la Salud para determinar el grado de discapacidad en población consultante. Materiales y métodos : estudio observacional, de corte transversal y correlacional. Usando un muestreo por conveniencia, se recogió información sobre discapacidad en una muestra de 297 adultos con trastornos mentales graves en contacto con servicios ambulatorios de psiquiatría. Se estimó un modelo de regresión lineal que determinó el aporte de variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y sociales. Resultados: el 89.2 % de la muestra presentó algún grado de discapacidad. El modelo multivariado final para el total de la muestra incluyó las variables explicativas edad (p = -0.234), escolaridad (p = -0.552), ser pensionado (p = 39.44), presencia de episodio depresivo actual (p = 21.654) y tener cuidador (p = 9.574), que explican el 37.46 % de la discapacidad de las personas con trastornos mentales graves atendidas en servicios de psiquiatría y salud mental en Quito. Conclusión: la discapacidad en personas con trastornos mentales graves que están en contacto con servicios de salud de Quito (Ecuador) involucra cambios en el desempeño de actividades en escenarios familiares y comunitarios. Se identificó una proporción de discapacidad moderada y severa que demanda respuestas institucionales que incluyan el acompañamiento de cuidadores y aborden barreras actitudinales.


Abstract Introduction: In Ecuador, there are disability qualification parameters based on the International Classification of the Functioning of Disability and Health; however, advances in the research fields of psychiatry and mental health are still scarce. For this particular study, The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale was used to determine the degree of disability in the consulting population. Materials and methods: The study design was an observational, cross-sectional and correlational study. Using convenience sampling, disability information was collected from a study population of 297 adults with severe mental disorders who were in contact with outpatient psychiatric services. A linear regression model was used to determine the contribution of sociodemographic, clinical, and social variables. Results: It was observed that 89.2% of the sample presented some degree of disability. The final multivariate model for the total sample included the explanatory variables of age (p = -0.234), schooling (P = -0.552), being retired (p = 39.44), presence of current depressive episode (p = 21.654), and having a caregiver (p = 9.574), which explained 37.46% of disability in people with serious mental disorders who were treated in psychiatric and mental health services in Quito. Conclusion: Disabilities in people with severe mental disorders who are in contact with health services in Quito (Ecuador) may involve changes in the performance of activities among family and community settings. We identified a proportion of moderate and severe disabilities that demand institutional responses, which includes the accompaniment of caregivers and also addresses attitudinal barriers.


Resumo Introdução: no Equador, existem parâmetros de qualificação de deficiência com base na Classificação Internacional do Funcionamento da Deficiência e da Saúde; no entanto, avanços em pesquisas no âmbito da psiquiatria e saúde mental ainda são escassos. Empregou-se a Escala de Avaliação da Deficiência da Organização Mundial da Saúde, para se determinar o grau de deficiência na população avaliada. Materiais e métodos: estudo observacional, de corte transversal e correlacional. Usando uma amostragem por conveniência coletou-se informação sobre deficiência em uma amostra de 297 adultos com transtornos mentais graves em contato com serviços ambulatórios em psiquiatria. Estimou-se um modelo de regressão linear que determinou a contribuição de variáveis sociodemográficas, clínicas e sociais. Resultados: 89.2% da amostra apresentou algum grau de deficiência. O modelo multivariado final para o total da amostra incluiu as variáveis explicativas idade (p=-0,234), escolaridade (p=-0,552), ser aposentado (p=39,44), presença de episódio depressivo atual (p=21,654) e, ter cuidador (p=9,574), explicando 37,46% da deficiência em pessoas com transtornos mentais graves atendidas em serviços de psiquiatria e saúde mental em Quito. Conclusão: A deficiência em pessoas com transtornos mentais graves que estão em contato com serviços de saúde em Quito (Equador) envolve mudanças no desempenho de atividades em cenários familiares e comunitários. Identificou-se uma proporção de deficiência moderada e severa que demandam respostas institucionais que inclua o acompanhamento de cuidadores e abordem barreiras de atitude.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mental Disorders , Disability Evaluation , Ecuador , Intellectual Disability
13.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(3): 1085-1094, mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153818

ABSTRACT

Abstract We investigated the feasibility of including plasma anti-NMDAR antibody screening in the assessment of first-episode psychosis patients in an early intervention programme in the Southern hemisphere. Anti-NMDAR IgG antibodies were assessed by ELISA in 166 patients (64.0% men), 166 matched population-based controls and 76 patients' siblings (30.3% men). Fisher's exact test and ANOVA were performed. Positive anti-NMDAR antibody patients were more often observed in bipolar disorder (10.0%) than schizophrenia (2.4%) or psychotic depression (3.1%), although no significant differences were observed. Our results are not conclusive regarding the inclusion of plasma anti-NMDAR IgG antibodies in differential diagnostic protocols for psychosis.


Resumo Nós investigamos a viabilidade de incluir a pesquisa de anticorpos anti-NMDAR na avaliação de pacientes em primeiro episódio psicótico em um programa de intervenção precoce no Hemisfério Sul. Anticorpos IgG anti-NMDAR foram avaliados por ELISA em 166 pacientes (64,0% homens), 166 controles de base populacional pareados e 76 irmãos (30,3% homens). Foram realizados teste exato de Fisher e ANOVA. Os anticorpos anti-NMDAR positivos foram mais observados no transtorno afetivo bipolar (10,0%) do que na esquizofrenia (2,4%) ou depressão psicótica (3,1%), embora não tenham sido observadas diferenças significativas. Nossos resultados não são conclusivos quanto à inclusão de anticorpos IgG anti-NMDAR no plasma em protocolos de diagnósticos diferenciais para psicose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychotic Disorders/epidemiology , Schizophrenia , Bipolar Disorder , Prevalence , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
14.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(1): 70-74, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153286

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether poor antidepressant tolerability is associated with functional brain changes in children and adolescents of parents with bipolar I disorder (at-risk youth). Methods: Seventy-three at-risk youth (ages 9-20 years old) who participated in a prospective study and had an available baseline functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan were included. Research records were reviewed for the incidence of adverse reactions related to antidepressant exposure during follow-up. The sample was divided among at-risk youth without antidepressant exposure (n=21), at-risk youth with antidepressant exposure and no adverse reaction (n=12), at-risk youth with antidepressant-related adverse reaction (n=21), and healthy controls (n=20). The fMRI task was a continuous performance test with emotional distracters. Region-of-interest mean activation in brain areas of the fronto-limbic emotional circuit was compared among groups. Results: Right amygdala activation in response to emotional distracters significantly differed among groups (F3,66 = 3.1, p = 0.03). At-risk youth with an antidepressant-related adverse reaction had the lowest amygdala activation, while at-risk youth without antidepressant exposure had the highest activation (p = 0.004). Conclusions: Decreased right amygdala activation in response to emotional distracters is associated with experiencing an antidepressant-related adverse reaction in at-risk youth. Further studies to determine whether amygdala activation is a useful biomarker for antidepressant-related adverse events are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bipolar Disorder/drug therapy , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prospective Studies , Emotions , Amygdala , Antidepressive Agents/adverse effects
15.
Univ. salud ; 23(1): 21-29, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1157005

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: En el departamento de Caldas, Colombia, se ha observado un incremento notable en el diagnóstico del trastorno afectivo bipolar (TAB), en los últimos años. Objetivo: Analizar el perfil epidemiológico del TAB en Caldas entre los años 2010 y 2015. Materiales y métodos: Se consultó la base de datos de la Dirección Territorial de Salud de Caldas y los registros del ministerio salud y protección social, para TAB. Se buscó la incidencia y la prevalencia entre los años 2010 y 2015 y se comparó la presentación de acuerdo al tipo de TAB. Resultados: La prevalencia de TAB en el departamento de Caldas el 2010 fue en general de 0,03% y para mayores de 18 años fue de 0,08%; para el 2015 en la población general, ascendió a 0,10% y para mayores de 18 años ascendió a 0,22%. La incidencia estuvo determinada por un incremento de 342 pacientes en 2010 a 969 pacientes en el 2015. Conclusiones: Se observa un marcado incremento del diagnóstico de TAB en Caldas, posiblemente debido a problemas socioculturales, causas epigenéticas o problemas de formulación tipo off-label.


Abstract Introduction: Caldas, Colombia has seen an increasing number of diagnoses of bipolar disorder. Objective: The present study analyzes the epidemiological profile for bipolar disorder in Caldas between the years 2010 and 2015. Materials and methods: The data base of the Dirección Territorial de Salud de Caldas was consulted for cases of bipolar disorder. The incidence and prevalence for bipolar disorder was established, and a comparison by each subtype of bipolar disorder was performed. Results: The prevalence for bipolar disorder in Caldas was 0.03% for the general population, and 0.08% for cases older than 18 years, which reflects an increment of 0.10% in 2015 for the general population and 0.22% for those patients older than 18 years. The incidence was determined by an increment in the number of patients, from 342 in 2010 to 969 in 2015. Conclusions: An increasing number of patients between 2010 and 2105 were observed, probably due to sociocultural problems, epigenetic causes or prescription practices such as off label practices.


Subject(s)
Bipolar Disorder , Mental Health , Epidemiology , Incidence , Prevalence
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876433

ABSTRACT

@#Introduction: The amino acids that function as co-agonists at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor have been investigated in bipolar disorder (BD). However, studies comparing amino acid levels in the plasma of BD patients with healthy controls have yielded inconsistent results. We, therefore, conducted a study in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia to determine the plasma levels of glutamate, glycine, and alanine in BD patients and compared them with the healthy controls. Materials and Methods: An overnight fast of 10-hour plasma levels of glutamate, glycine, alanine, and tryptophan were measured in 83 bipolar patients, and were compared to a group of 82 healthy controls. Results: The mean (SD) age of bipolar patients was 40.9 (12.1), while the mean (SD) age for control groups was 35.6 (7.7) years. The median (25th, 75th percentile) of glutamate and alanine levels in bipolar patients was 111.0 (65.0,176.0) and 530.0 (446.0,629.0), respectively, while the mean (SD) of glycine level in bipolar patients was 304.0 (98.1). Significant higher glutamate, glycine, and alanine levels were found in bipolar disorder patients in the manic episode as compared to the healthy controls. Conclusion: Although the exact relationship between peripheral NMDA receptor co-agonist levels in the pathogenesis of BD is not well understood, these findings should be explored and may enlighten some new paths for BD therapy which could reward the patients also clinicians.

17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(1): e10285, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153507

ABSTRACT

The increasing number of cesarean sections worldwide has encouraged research on the long-term effects of this birth type on the offspring's mental health. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between birth by cesarean section and the development of mood disorders (depression and bipolar disorders) in adolescents. A cohort study was carried out with 1603 adolescents from 18 to 19 years old who participated in the third phase of a birth cohort study in São Luís, MA, in 2016. Information on birth type and weight, prematurity, mother's age and schooling, parity, marital status, and smoking behavior during pregnancy, were collected at birth. The study outcomes were depression, bipolar disorder, and "mood disorder" construct. A Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) was developed to select the variables for minimal adjustment for confounding and collision bias. Associations were estimated through propensity score weighting using a two-step estimation model, and confounders for cesarean birth were used in the predictive model. There was no significant association in the relationship between birth type and depression (95%CI: -0.037 to 0.017; P=0.47), bipolar disorder (95%CI: -0.019 to 0.045; P=0.43), and mood disorder (95%CI: -0.033 to 0.042; P=0.80) in adolescents of both sexes. Birth by cesarean section was not associated with the development of mood disorders in adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Young Adult , Cesarean Section , Mood Disorders/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Cohort Studies
18.
Rev. cienc. salud ; 19(3): 1-32, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367519

ABSTRACT

Introducción: en el contexto latinoamericano se está generando evidencia sobre el empleo de instrumentos derivados de la Clasificación Internacional del Funcionamiento, de la Discapacidad y de la Salud en psiquiatría y salud mental. Este estudio corresponde a la primera investigación de carácter explicativo en población con trastornos mentales graves en tres países de Sudamérica. El objetivo es determinar un modelo explicativo de discapacidad en una muestra de personas con trastornos mentales graves en contacto con servicios ambulatorios de psiquiatría en Chile, Colombia y Ecuador. Materiales y métodos: se llevó a cabo un estudio multicéntrico, observacional, correlacional, de corte transversal, a partir de un muestreo probabilístico en Colombia y un muestreo por conveniencia en Chile y Ecuador. En total, participaron 803 adultos con trastornos mentales graves, en contacto con servicios ambulatorios de psiquiatría en Concepción (Chile), Cali (Colombia) y Quito (Ecuador). Resultados: el 91.3 % de la muestra presentó algún grado de discapacidad. El modelo multivariado final incluyó las variables explicativas país (Colombia; ß = 6.724); edad (ß = −0.163); escolaridad (ß = −0.5029); síntomas actuales de depresión (ß = 23.26); episodio psicótico (ß = 4.795); episodio hipomaniaco/maniaco (ß = 7.498; t = 3.711); tener práctica religiosa (ß = −2.834), y tener cuidador (ß = 10.363). Obtuvo un coeficiente de determinación de 0.3275 (F [23, 760] = 16.09; p < 0.001, R²∆ = 30.71), que explica el 32.75 % de la discapacidad de las personas de la muestra de los tres países participantes. Conclusiones: en un modelo multivariado de discapacidad para trastornos mentales graves, los síntomas actuales y la presencia de cuidador son las principales variables explicativas de discapacidad


Introduction: Currently, evidence is being generated on the use of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health-derived tools in psychiatry and mental health. This study corresponds to the first investigation of explanatory character about a wide range of persons with severe mental disorders in three countries of South America. Aim: This study aims to determine an explanatory model of disability in a population with severe mental disorders in contact with outpatient psychiatry services in Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador. Materials and methods: A multicenter, observational, correlational, cross-sectional study was carried out based on a probabilistic sampling in Colombia and a convenience sampling in Chile and Ecuador. A total of 803 adults with severe mental disorders participated, who were in contact with outpatient psychiatry services in Concepción (Chile), Cali (Colombia), and Quito (Ecuador). Results: Some degree of disability was presented by 91.3% of participants. The final multivar-iate model included the explanatory variables country (Colombia; ß = 6.724); age (ß = −0.163); schooling (ß = −0.5029); current depression symptoms (ß = 23.26), psychotic episode (ß = 4.795); hypomanic/manic episode (ß = 7,498; t = 3,711); to have religious practice (ß = −2.834); and to have a caregiver (ß = 10.363); a coefficient of determination of 0.3275 (F [23, 760] = 16.09; p < 0.001M R2∆ = 30.71) was obtained, explain-ing a 32.75% disability in participants from the three participating countries. Conclusions: Current symp-toms and the presence of a caregiver are the main explanatory variables of the disability burden in a multivariate model of disability for severe mental disorders


Introdução: atualmente, no contexto latino-americano, estão sendo geradas evidências sobre o uso de instrumentos derivados da Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, da Deficiência e da Saúde em psiquiatria e saúde mental. Este estudo corresponde à primeira pesquisa explicativa em uma popula-ção com transtornos mentais graves em três países da América do Sul. Objetivo: determinar um modelo explicativo da deficiência em uma amostra de pessoas com transtornos mentais graves em contato com serviços psiquiátricos ambulatoriais no Chile, Colômbia e Equador. Materiais e métodos: foi realizado um estudo multicêntrico, observacional, correlacional, transversal, a partir de uma amostra probabilística na Colômbia e uma amostra de conveniência no Chile e Equador. No total participaram 803 adultos com transtornos mentais graves, em contato com serviços psiquiátricos ambulatoriais em Concepción (Chile), Cali (Colômbia) e Quito (Equador). Resultados: 91,3% da amostra apresentou algum grau de deficiência. O modelo multivariado final incluiu as variáveis explicativas país (Colômbia; ß = 6,724); idade (ß = −0,163); escolaridade (ß = −0,5029); sintomas atuais de depressão (ß = 23,26); episódio psicótico (ß = 4,795); episódio hipomaníaco/maníaco (ß = 7,498; t = 3,711); ter prática religiosa (ß = −2,834), e ter cuidador (ß= 10,363). Obteve coeficiente de determinação de 0,3275 (F[23, 760] = 16,09; p < 0,001; R2∆ = 30,71), explicando 32,75% da deficiência das pessoas da amostra dos três países participantes. Conclusões: em um modelo multiva-riado de deficiência para transtornos mentais graves, os sintomas atuais e a presença de um cuidador são as principais variáveis explicativas da deficiência


Subject(s)
Humans , Mental Disorders , Schizophrenia , Bipolar Disorder , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia , Depressive Disorder, Major , Disability Evaluation , Ecuador , Ambulatory Care
19.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3463, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1280461

ABSTRACT

Objective: to know the prevalence and characteristics of pain, to verify how pain management has been carried out by the health services, and to correlate suicide risk with pain intensity in patients with bipolar disorder. Method: an observational study with a quantitative approach. The study included people with bipolar disorder assessed by the McGill-Reduced Pain Questionnaire, Body Diagram, Visual Numerical Scale, and the Suicidal Ideation Scale (Beck). Results: the sample of 60 participants was mainly composed of women with a mean age of 40 years old and a mean psychiatric treatment time of approximately 13 years. Of these, 83% reported feeling pain at the time of the interview. Half of the participants indicated that pain interferes with routine and 80% did not receive care in health institutions. The main descriptors that qualify the painful experience were as follows: painful, heavy and sensitive for the sensory descriptors, tiring and punishing in the affective category. Suicide attempt was reported by 57% of the participants. There was a correlation between suicide risk and pain intensity. Conclusion: pain presented a high prevalence. Suicide risk was identified in more than half of the participants. Pain intensity showed a significant correlation with suicide risk.


Objetivo: conhecer a prevalência e características da dor, verificar como o manejo da dor tem sido realizado pelos serviços de saúde e correlacionar o risco de suicídio com a intensidade da dor dos pacientes com transtorno bipolar. Método: estudo observacional com abordagem quantitativa. Participaram do estudo pessoas com transtorno bipolar avaliadas pelo Questionário de Dor McGill-reduzido, Diagrama Corporal, Escala Visual Numérica e a Escala de Ideação Suicida (Beck). Resultados: A amostra de 60 participantes foi composta principalmente por mulheres com idade média de 40 anos e tempo médio de tratamento psiquiátrico aproximado de 13 anos. Desses, 83% relataram sentir dor no momento da entrevista. Metade dos participantes indicou que a dor atrapalha a rotina e 80% não receberam cuidado nos equipamentos de saúde. Os principais descritores que qualificam a experiência dolorosa foram: dolorida, em peso e sensível para os descritores sensoriais, cansativo e castigante na categoria afetiva. A tentativa de suicídio foi relatada por 57% dos participantes. Foi observada correlação entre o risco de suicídio e a intensidade da dor. Conclusão: a dor apresentou prevalência elevada. O risco de suicídio foi identificado em mais da metade dos participantes. A intensidade da dor apresentou correlação significativa com o risco de suicídio.


Objetivo: conocer la prevalencia y las características del dolor, verificar cómo se ha realizado el manejo del dolor por parte de los servicios de salud y correlacionar el riesgo de suicidio con la intensidad del dolor en pacientes con trastorno bipolar. Método: se trata de un estudio observacional con abordaje cuantitativo. El estudio incluyó a personas con trastorno bipolar evaluadas mediante el Cuestionario de dolor de McGill - versión abreviada, el Diagrama Corporal, la Escala Visual Numérica y la Escala de Ideación Suicida (Beck). Resultados: la muestra de 60 participantes estuvo compuesta principalmente por mujeres con una edad promedio de 40 años y un tiempo promedio de tratamiento psiquiátrico de aproximadamente 13 años. El 83% de ellos manifestó sentir dolor en el momento de la entrevista. La mitad de los participantes indicó que el dolor interfiere en la rutina y el 80% no recibió atención en equipos de salud. Los principales descriptores que califican la experiencia dolorosa fueron: doloroso, pesadez y sensibilidad para los descriptores sensoriales, agotador y castigador en la categoría afectiva. El 57% de los participantes informó intento de suicidio. Se observó una correlación entre el riesgo de suicidio y la intensidad del dolor. Conclusión: el dolor tuvo una alta prevalencia. El riesgo de suicidio se identificó en más de la mitad de los participantes. La intensidad del dolor se correlacionó significativamente con el riesgo de suicidio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pain , Suicide, Attempted , Bipolar Disorder/complications , Bipolar Disorder/epidemiology , Pain Measurement , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Suicidal Ideation
20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1352-1356, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between uric acid (UA), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), nerve growth factor (NGF) and bipolar disorder (BPD) and its clinical significance.Methods:From January 2019 to January 2020, 100 BPD patients in the First Hospital of Hebei Medical University were selected as the observation group, and 100 healthy subjects were selected as the control group. The general data, serum UA, TGF-β, and NGF levels were compared between the two groups, and the factors affecting the incidence of BPD and the correlation between serum UA, TGF-β, and NGF were analyzed. And the diagnostic value of serum UA, TGF-β, and NGF on BPD and BPD patients with mixed episodes of depression and mania was analyzed.Results:There were statistically significant differences in the levels of fasting blood glucose, triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), UA, TGF-β and NGF between the two groups ( P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that fasting blood glucose, TG, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, UA, TGF-β, and NGF levels were all influencing factors of BPD ( P<0.05). Serum UA of BPD patients was negatively correlated with TGF-β and NGF ( r=-0.744, -0.754, P<0.05), and TGF-β was positively correlated with NGF ( r=0.824, P<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) values of serum UA, TGF-β, and NGF in the diagnosis of BPD were all high, especially the highest in combined diagnosis, reaching 0.844. The serum UA level of the mixed episode group was higher than that of the single episode group, and the serum TGF-β and NGF levels were lower than that of the single episode group, the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Serum UA, TGF-β, and NGF levels had high diagnostic value for depression and manic mixed episodes in BPD patients, and the combined diagnosis had the highest AUC value, reaching 0.770. Conclusions:The serum UA, TGF-β, and NGF of BPD patients are all abnormally expressed, which may be biomarkers of BPD, and there is a certain correlation between the indicators. The combined examination can improve the diagnostic value of mixed episodes of depression and mania in BPD and BPD patients, and provide a basis for early diagnosis and treatment.

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