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1.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 255-260, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888421

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Blunt thoracic injuries are common among elderly patients and may be a common cause of morbidity and death from blunt trauma injuries. We aimed to examine the impact of chest CT on the diagnosis and change of management plan in elderly patients with stable blunt chest trauma. We hypothesized that chest CT may play an important role in providing optimal management to this subgroup of trauma patients.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on all the admitted adult blunt trauma patients between January 2014 and December 2018. Stable blunt chest trauma patients with abbreviated injury severity (AIS) < 3 for extra-thoracic injuries confirmed with chest X-ray (CXR) and chest CT on admission or during hospitalization were included in the study. The AIS is an international scale for grading the severity of anatomic injury following blunt trauma. Primary outcome variables were occult injuries, change in management, need for surgical procedures, missed injuries, readmission rate, intensive care unit (ICU) and length of hospital stay.@*RESULTS@#There are 473 patients with blunt chest trauma included in the study. The study patients were divided into two groups according to the age range: group 1: 289 patients were included and aged 18-64 years; group 2: 184 patients were included and aged 65-99 years . Elderly patients in group 2 more often required ICU admission (11.4% vs. 5.2%), had a longer length of ICU stay (days) (median 11 vs. 6, p = 0.01), and the length of hospital stay (days) (median 14 vs. 6, p = 0.04). Injuries identified on chest CT has led to a change of management in 4.4% of young patients in group 1 and in 10.9% of elderly patients in group 2 with initially normal CXR. Chest CT resulted in a change of management in 12.8% of young patients in group 1 and in 25.7% of elderly patients in group 2 with initially abnormal CXR.@*CONCLUSION@#Chest CT led to a change of management in a substantial proportion of elderly patients. Therefore, we recommend chest CT as a first-line imaging modality in patients aged over 65 years with isolated blunt chest trauma.

2.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 125-138, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827837

ABSTRACT

Physical traumas are tragic and multifaceted injuries that suddenly threaten life. Although it is the third most common cause of death in all age groups, one out of four trauma patients die due to thoracic injury or its complications. Blunt injuries constitute the majority of chest trauma. This indicates the importance of chest trauma among all traumas. Blunt chest trauma is usually caused by motor vehicle accident, falling from height, blunt instrument injury and physical assault. As a result of chest trauma, many injuries may occur, such as pulmonary injuries, and these require urgent intervention. Chest wall and pulmonary injuries range from rib fractures to flail chest, pneumothorax to hemothorax and pulmonary contusion to tracheobronchial injuries. Following these injuries, patients may present with a simple dyspnea or even respiratory arrest. For such patient, it is important to understand the treatment logic and to take a multidisciplinary approach to treat the pulmonary and chest wall injuries. This is because only 10% of thoracic trauma patients require surgical operation and the remaining 90% can be treated with simple methods such as appropriate airway, oxygen support, maneuvers, volume support and tube thoracostomy. Adequate pain control in chest trauma is sometimes the most basic and best treatment. With definite diagnosis, the morbidity and mortality can be significantly reduced by simple treatment methods.


Subject(s)
Flail Chest , Therapeutics , Hemothorax , Therapeutics , Humans , Lung Injury , Therapeutics , Pain Management , Pneumothorax , Therapeutics , Rib Fractures , Therapeutics , Thoracic Injuries , Therapeutics , Thoracic Wall , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Therapeutics
3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688738

ABSTRACT

A 62-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of dyspnea. Electrocardiogram showed chronic atrial fibrillation and echocardiogram revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation. His history included a motorbike accident at age 17, and a heart murmur was pointed out in the following year. He developed paroxysmal atrial fibrillation when he was 45 years old. Heart failure was not controlled by medication and tricuspid valve repair was indicated. At surgery, the anterior leaflet of tricuspid valve was widely prolapsed due to chordal rupture. We performed chordal reconstruction with 4 expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (CV-5®) sutures, and ring annuloplasty. Furthermore, a small fenestration at the tricuspid annulus was noticed and was closed with a direct suture. The biatrial modified Maze procedure was performed subsequently. The patient is doing well without TR recurrence, and restored sinus rhythm is maintained. We report successful repair of traumatic tricuspid regurgitation.

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378637

ABSTRACT

<p>A 28-year-old woman with no underlying health issues was injured in a motorcycle accident and taken to our hospital by ambulance when she was 26 years old. Though she was diagnosed with multiple trauma, upon arrival at the hospital neither cardiac murmurs nor cardiac abnormalities on transthoracic echocardiography were detected. She was managed conservatively, and discharged on hospital day 16. She experienced dyspnea upon mild effort, and an early diastolic murmur appeared. She was again referred to our hospital, and diagnosed with severe aortic regurgitation. We scheduled an aortic valve replacement using an bioprosthetic valve because she intended to give birth. We also considered simultaneous aortic root enlargement as her aortic annulus was small. We performed the surgery 2 years after the initial motorcycle accident. Perioperatively, we noticed that her non-coronary cusp was torn. We converted the procedure to an aortic valve repair using an autologous pericardial patch. Her aortic regurgitation disappeared after the operation, and she was discharged on postoperative day 14. We successfully preserved the aortic valve cusps and avoided the need for anticoagulant therapy.</p>

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375639

ABSTRACT

A 37-year-old man who fell from a truck had chest pain and we diagnosed blunt chest trauma. A chest computed-tomography displayed a traumatic cardiac tamponade. The patient was transported to our hospital for emergency surgery. After median sternotomy, there was no injury of heart and great vessels in the pericardial sac but a rupture of the pericardium. Bleeding and hematoma were found in the anterior mediastinal space. The cardiac tamponade was caused by the bleeding from anterior mediastinal space. Usually, blunt cardiac tamponade was caused by the bleeding from cardiovascular organs, however, we encountered a very rare cardiac tamponade due to the bleeding from the anterior mediastinal space.

6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(9): 766-772, 09/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-719315

ABSTRACT

Cardiac contusion is a potentially fatal complication of blunt chest trauma. The effects of a combination of quercetin and methylprednisolone against trauma-induced cardiac contusion were studied. Thirty-five female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups (n=7) as follows: sham, cardiac contusion with no therapy, treated with methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg on the first day, and 3 mg/kg on the following days), treated with quercetin (50 mg·kg−1·day−1), and treated with a combination of methylprednisolone and quercetin. Serum troponin I (Tn-I) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) levels and cardiac histopathological findings were evaluated. Tn-I and TNF-α levels were elevated after contusion (P=0.001 and P=0.001). Seven days later, Tn-I and TNF-α levels decreased in the rats treated with methylprednisolone, quercetin, and the combination of methylprednisolone and quercetin compared to the rats without therapy, but a statistical significance was found only with the combination therapy (P=0.001 and P=0.011, respectively). Histopathological degeneration and necrosis scores were statistically lower in the methylprednisolone and quercetin combination group compared to the group treated only with methylprednisolone (P=0.017 and P=0.007, respectively). However, only degeneration scores were lower in the combination therapy group compared to the group treated only with quercetin (P=0.017). Inducible nitric oxide synthase positivity scores were decreased in all treatment groups compared to the untreated groups (P=0.097, P=0.026, and P=0.004, respectively). We conclude that a combination of quercetin and methylprednisolone can be used for the specific treatment of cardiac contusion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Contusions/drug therapy , Heart Injuries/drug therapy , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Myocardium/pathology , Quercetin/therapeutic use , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Antioxidants/therapeutic use , Contusions/etiology , Drug Therapy, Combination , Heart Injuries/etiology , Immunohistochemistry , Necrosis , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/isolation & purification , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Thoracic Injuries/complications , Troponin I/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203187

ABSTRACT

Right ventricular (RV) pseudoaneurysm caused by trauma is very rare. We report a case of RV pseudoaneurysm which resolved without surgical treatment in a patient who survived a falling accident. Echocardiography failed to identify the pseudoaneurysm. Electrocardiography-gated CT showed a 17-mm-sized saccular pseusoaneurysm arsing from the RV outflow tract with a narrow neck. Follow-up CT after two months showed spontaneous obliteration of the lesion.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Aneurysm, False/etiology , Cardiac-Gated Imaging Techniques/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Aneurysm/etiology , Heart Ventricles/injuries , Humans , Middle Aged , Multidetector Computed Tomography/methods , Remission, Spontaneous , Thoracic Injuries/complications , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/complications
8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3022-3024, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455963

ABSTRACT

Objective To sum up the experience on diagnosis and treatment of blunt bronchial injuries .Methods From January 2002 to December 2009 ,18 patients with blunt broncheal injuries were admitted .The definitive diagnosis was confirmed by fibro-bronchoscopy .Twelve patients suffered from main bronchial injuries and the remaining 6 patients from lobe bronchial injuries .All patients managed with surgical therapies .Emergent operation was performed in 15 patients and elective operation in 3 patients .End to end bronchial anastomosis was performed in 15 patients and primary repair in 3 patients .Results There was no death in this group .One patient after emergent primary repair developed ischic necrosis in the repair site on 3 the postoperative day and under-went resection of the necrotic tissue followed by end to end anastomsis .Thirteen patients had no complications and were able to take part in normal activities .Anastomotic stricture occurred in 5 patients and managed with granulation tissue resection and cryothera-py .Four patients were healed but one patient underwent lobectomy 6 months later as a result of recurrent stricture and severe dysp-nea .Conclusion Fibrobronchoscopy is able to define the blunt bronchial injuries immediately .Early surgery after trauma can im-prove the successful rate of treatment .

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109983

ABSTRACT

Myocardial infarction (MI) secondary to coronary artery fistula and the subsequent occlusion of the distal right coronary artery (RCA) after blunt chest trauma is a rare entity. Here, we describe a case of coronary artery fistula and occlusion with an inferior MI that occurred following blunt chest trauma. At the initial visit to the emergency room after a car accident, this patient had been undiagnosed with acute myocardial infarction, readmitted five months after ischemic insult, and revealed to have experienced MI due to RCA-right atrial fistula and occlusion of the distal RCA. He underwent coronary surgery and recovered without complications.


Subject(s)
Coronary Vessels , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fistula , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Thorax
10.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374596

ABSTRACT

A 28-year-old man was involved in a traffic accident that sandwiched his chest between a wall and a truck. Shortness of breath and other symptoms started to appear several years later. Echocardiography at that time showed severe tricuspid regurgitation due to a failed valve and ruptured chordae in the anterior leaflet. He was followed up with medication. Leg edema developed at the age of 62 years and worsening symptoms of heart failure over a period of 6 months indicated a need for surgery. Intraoperative findings revealed the ruptured chordae attached to the anterior leaflet and a scarred myocardium at the septomarginal trabeculation. The tricuspid valve was surgically repaired, the anterior leaflet chordae were surgically reconstructed, an annuloplasty ring was implanted to address the tricuspid regurgitation and atrial fibrillation was treated using the Maze procedure. Surgery 34 years after trauma has improved hemodynamic cardiac function and normalized the cardiac rhythm in this patient.

11.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374402

ABSTRACT

A 31-year-old man fell into syncope caused by compression by a machine in his factory. He was taken to the nearest hospital at once for treatment. His chest X-ray seemed normal and his general condition improved. He received no medical treatment and was allowed to return home. Two days later, he went to the hospital for further investigation, and contrast-enhanced chest computed tomography (CT) was performed. Chest CT showed aortic dissection from the ascending aorta to the aortic arch. Therefore, he was admitted for bed rest with antihypertensive therapy. He was discharged on the 35th day after the accident. However, the diameter of the ascending aorta was found to have become dilated, and so he underwent ascending aorta and hemiarch replacement at our hospital. His postoperative course was uneventful, and he was discharged on the 16th postoperative day. We report a rare case of an acute aortic dissection caused by blunt chest trauma.

12.
West Indian med. j ; 61(1): 64-72, Jan. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-672851

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The study sought to assess the test performance characteristics of clinical judgement in the evaluation of stable blunt chest trauma patients compared with chest radiography (CXR) in the determination of significant intra-thoracic injury. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled all adult patients (older than 16 years) who were considered to have stable blunt chest trauma over a six-month period (May 1-October 31, 2009). We defined the latter as patients who were unintubated, normotensive (systolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg) and without hypoxia (oxygen saturation > 95% at room air). Patients eligible for the study were sent for anteroposterior (AP) CXRs which were then interpreted by the same consultant radiologist throughout the study period. Both test (clinical judgement) and disease status (CXR) were assigned and correlated as binary measures. We compared the test performance characteristics such as sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and diagnostic likelihood ratios of clinical judgement to CXR findings in the determination of significant intra-thoracic injury. RESULTS: During the six-month period, data were collected from 77 eligible stable blunt chest trauma patients (age over 16 years). Fifty-nine patients (76.6%) were male. Nine patients (11.7%) were radiologically confirmed to have significant blunt chest injuries including rib fractures, pneumothorax and an isolated case of pulmonary contusion. All nine (11.7%) patients had a positive (abnormal) radiograph for rib fractures. In addition, three (3.9%) of them also had both rib fracture and pneumothoraces and one (1.3%) had both a rib fracture and pulmonary contusion. Clinical judgement for the diagnosis of significant blunt chest injuries matched with the CXR finding with 95%confidence intervals (CIs): sensitivity 100% (95% CI 66.4, 100), specificity 32.4% (95% CI 21.5, 44.8), prevalence 11.7%, PPV 16.4% (95% CI 7.77, 28.8), NPV 100% (95% CI 84.6, 100), DLR+ 1. 48 (95% CI 1. 25, 1. 74). CONCLUSION: The majority of patients who sustained blunt chest injuries and were assessed as stable patients do not require CXR routinely. This study revealed that physicians in the local Emergency Department may be over-utilizing CXR for patients who have stable blunt chest trauma.


OBJETIVO: Este estudio se propuso evaluar las características de rendimiento de test del juicio clínico, a la hora de evaluar pacientes con traumatismos contundentes torácicos estables, en comparación con la radiografía de tórax al determinar lesiones intra-torácicas significativas. MÉTODOS: De forma prospectiva, fueron enrolados todos los pacientes adultos (mayores de 16 años) de quiénes se consideraba que habían tenido un trauma contundente torácico estable por un período de más de seis meses (1ero de mayo al 31 de octubre, 2009). Definimos a estos últimos como pacientes no entubados, normotensos (tensión arterial sistólica > 90 mm Hg) y sin hipoxia (saturación de oxígeno > 95% en el aire de la habitación). Los pacientes elegibles para el estudio fueron enviados a hacerse una radiografía torácica anteroposterior (AP), la cual fue entonces interpretada por el mismo radiólogo consultante a cargo de ese análisis durante todo el periodo de estudio. Tanto el test (juicio clínico) como el estatus de la enfermedad (rayos X del tórax) fueron asignados y correlacionados como medidas binarias. Se compararon las características de rendimiento del test, tales como la sensibilidad, la especificidad, el valor predictivo positivo, el valor predictivo negativo, las tasas de probabilidad diagnóstica del juicio clínico, con los hallazgos de los rayos X de tórax para la determinación de la lesión intra-torácica significativa. RESULTADOS: Durante el periodo de seis meses, se recogieron datos de 77 pacientes elegibles con traumatismos contundentes estables de tórax (mayores de 16 años). Cincuenta y nueve pacientes (76.6%) eran varones. En nueve pacientes (11.7%) se habían confirmado radiológicamente lesiones de tórax significativas, incluyendo fracturas de las costillas, pneumotórax, y un caso aislado de contusión pulmonar. Los nueve (11.7%) pacientes todos tenían una radiografía positiva (anormal) de las fracturas de las costillas. Además, tres de ellos (3.9%) tenían fractura de la costilla y además pneumotórax, en tanto que uno (1.3%) presentaba fractura de las costillas y contusión pulmonar también. El juicio clínico para el diagnóstico de lesiones contundentes estables de tórax significativas se correspondía con los hallazgos de las radiografías torácicas, como lo muestran los siguientes resultados de la prueba, con intervalos de confianza (ICs) de 95%: sensibilidad 100% (95% IC 66.4, 100), especificidad 32.4% (95% IC 21.5, 44.8), prevalencia, 11.7%, PPV 16.4% (95% IC 7.77, 28.8), NPV 100% (95% IC 84.6, 100), DLR+ 1.48 (95% IC 1.25, 1.74). CONCLUSIÓN: La mayoría de los pacientes que han sufrido traumatismos contundentes de tórax, y fueron evaluados como pacientes estables no requieren rayos C de tórax rutinariamente. Este estudio reveló que los médicos en el Departamento de Emergencias local pueden estar haciendo un uso excesivo de las radiografías torácicas en el caso de pacientes con traumas torácicos contundentes estables.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Physical Examination , Radiography, Thoracic , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies
13.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 100-101, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417760

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo retrospectively analyze the experience in the treatment of cardiac rupture caused by blunt chest trauma and to explore the approaches and methods to improve patient survival.Methods From 2004 to 2010,16 cases of closed chest trauma caused by cardiac rupture,who were treated in our hospital,were treated by heart repair using median sternotomy incision approach.Results Except for 1 patient occurred cardiac arrest before the establishment of CPB,who was failed for cardiopulmonary resuscitation after surgical repair,the remaining 15 patients were all successfully treated.Conclusion The diagnosis of cardiac rupture should be made as soon as possible once it occurs.Timely and decisive rescue and emergency surgery should be given.Heart repair can greatly improve the patient's survival.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19464

ABSTRACT

Bronchial injury due to blunt trauma is often associated with other significant injuries; as a result, making a rapid diagnosis can be difficult. Delay of early diagnosis and surgical treatment can result in a fatal course, including persistent pneumothorax, soft tissue emphysema, lung collapse, recurrent infection, or death. Bronchoscopy remains a reliable diagnostic method; however, it is difficult to perform in the emergency department. In some cases, suspicion of emergency physicians, depending on findings observed on computed tomography scan, can be more helpful than bronchoscopy. In this article, we present two cases of bronchial injury after blunt chest trauma; differences in prognosis were dependent on the time taken to make a decision.


Subject(s)
Bronchoscopy , Early Diagnosis , Emergencies , Emphysema , Pneumothorax , Prognosis , Pulmonary Atelectasis , Rupture , Thorax
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22536

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of unilateral Purtscher's retinopathy that spontaneously resolved within 24 hours. CASE SUMMARY: A 54-year-old man presented with decreased visual acuity in his left eye after a vehicle accident. When the accident occurred, his chest region was compressed by the safety belt. The case was diagnosed with Purtscher's retinopathy based on fundus examination, flourescein angiography (FAG) and optical coherent tomography (OCT). At presentation, the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 0.3 in the affected eye. Tiny Purtscher-flecken and macular edema were observed but there was no sign of retinal hemorrhage. Immediately after the trauma, OCT detected abnormally increased hyperreflectivity in the nerve fiber layer and ganglion cell layer, severe cystoid edema and serous foveal detachment. Without any treatment, BCVA was improved to 1.0 within 12 hours. Recovery of visual acuity was followed by improvement of abnormal hyperreflectivity in the nerve fiber layer, cystoid macular edema and serous foveal detachment. CONCLUSIONS: The authors of the present study report a dramatically resolved unilateral Purtscher's retinopathy after blunt chest trauma.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Edema , Eye , Ganglion Cysts , Humans , Macular Edema , Middle Aged , Nerve Fibers , Retinal Hemorrhage , Thorax , Visual Acuity
16.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362124

ABSTRACT

A 59-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of multiple traumas in a motorcycle accident. On admission, his vital signs were stable, however, 4 h later his respiratory condition suddenly worsened and be needed ventilatory support. Cardiogenic shock was suspected, however, the conventional echocardiograph findings were indistinct because of the presence of subcutaneous air. On the third day of hospitalization day, the Swan-Ganz catheter revealed high pulmonary arterial pressure. The subsequently performed trans-esophageal echocardiography showed severe mitral regurgitation. Therefore, semi-emergency mitral valve replacement was planned on the 5th hospital day. Operative findings showed that the anterolateral papillary muscle had torn off from the left ventricular wall and the associated strut chordae was also torn from the anterior leaflet. The post-operative course was uneventful, and the patient was discharged on the 40th postoperative day.

17.
General Medicine ; : 85-88, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-374874

ABSTRACT

Delayed hemothorax following blunt chest trauma is classified as a late presentation of hemothorax after a nearly normal chest X-ray on admission. Here, we present a case of delayed hemothorax 5 days after blunt chest trauma with ribs and sternal fracture.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415925

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine on the outcome of rats with acute lung injury following blunt chest trauma.Method Forty male SD rats weighing 250~300 g were randomly (random number)divided into 5 groups(n=8 each),namely,group C(normal),group D(normal plus dexmedetomidine),group T(trauma),group TD(trauma plus dexmedetomidine),group TDY(trauma plus dexmedetomidine plus yohimbine).Au rats were sacrificed by using exsanguination from arteria femoralis 6 hours later.The TNF-α and IL-1β levels in plasma were examined by using ELISA.Lung wet/dry(W/D)weight and the percentage of neutrophil in leucocytes in bronehoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF)of rats were detected.HE staining was performed to observe the injury of lung tissue under microscope.Results There was significant lung injury after blunt chest trauma.The serum concentrations of TNF-α and IL-1β,PMN%and lung wet/dry(W/D)weight were significantly higher in traumatic group(P<0.05,P<0.01).chest trauma,but this protective effect of dexmedetomidine could be blocked by yohimbine,at least in part,via the inhibition of α2-adrenergie receptor.Conclusions Dexmedetomidine has a certain protective effect on acute traumatic acute lung injury in rats.

19.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362018

ABSTRACT

Traumatic tricuspid regurgitation is a rare cardiovascular event that can follow blunt chest trauma. We report 2 cases of successful repair of traumatic tricuspid regurgitation. Case 1 : a 22-year-old man. At 18 years of age, he was involved in a falling accident. At the age of 19, he had an abnormal electrocardiogram and a cardiac murmur pointed out on a medical examination in his university. Echocardiography revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation, and he was referred to our institution for surgery. The operative findings showed some fenestrations in the anterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve. The fenestrations were sutured directly and ring annuloplasty was performed. Case 2 : a 54-year-old man. At age 18, he was involved in a falling accident. At age 31, he complained of fatigue and dyspnea. Echocardiography revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation. At age 54, liver dysfunction was discovered. He was referred to our institution for surgical treatment. In the operative findings, the chordae tendineae of the anterior and septal leaflets of the tricuspid valve were ruptured. Tricuspid valvuloplasty was performed using chordal replacement with 2 expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (CV-52<sup>®</sup>) sutures, edge-to-edge sutures and ring annuloplasty.

20.
Cir. & cir ; 74(6): 425-429, nov.-dic. 2006. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-571243

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la rotura traumática del diafragma es una lesión infrecuente que aparece en politraumatismos o agresiones. Predomina en los varones entre 20 y 50 años de edad, siendo los accidentes de tráfico la principal causa en Europa. El diagnóstico preoperatorio requiere alto nivel de sospecha junto con las adecuadas exploraciones radiológicas. El retraso diagnóstico se asocia con elevada morbilidad y mortalidad, constituyendo la intervención quirúrgica inmediata un factor determinante para el éxito en el tratamiento de estos pacientes. El objetivo de este informe fue analizar la incidencia y epidemiología de la rotura traumática del diafragma en nuestro medio, y exponer nuestros resultados en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de esta lesión. Material y métodos: presentamos siete casos correspondientes al periodo 1999-2005 y analizamos el motivo de ingreso, la clínica, las formas de diagnóstico, las lesiones asociadas, el tratamiento y la evolución. Conclusiones: el diagnóstico de rotura diafragmática es difícil debido a su baja frecuencia y a su sintomatología variable, no obstante, debe ser considerado en todo paciente politraumatizado. La tomografía helicoidal es la exploración radiológica de elección y la vía de abordaje más adecuada es la laparotomía media.


BACKGROUND: Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture is an infrequent lesion usually found in polytrauma cases or after violent attacks. Patients are usually males between 20 and 50 years old, and car accidents are the main causes in Europe. Preoperative diagnosis must be based on a high level of suspicion and appropriate radiological explorations. Diagnostic delay is associated with high morbidity and mortality and early surgical treatment is required for successful management. We undertook this study to analyze the epidemiology of diaphragmatic rupture and to report our results in the diagnosis and treatment of this injury. METHODS: We present seven cases from 1999 through 2005. We analyzed the reasons for admission, signs and symptoms, diagnostic approach, associated lesions, treatment and course. CONCLUSION: Diagnosis of diaphragmatic rupture is difficult due to changeable symptomatology; nevertheless, it must be considered in all polytraumatized patients. Computerized tomography is the radiological exploration of choice and the most suitable surgical approach is laparotomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Diaphragm/injuries , Accidents, Traffic , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Chest Pain/etiology , Wounds, Stab/diagnosis , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Liver/injuries , Fractures, Bone/complications , Hemothorax/etiology , Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic/etiology , Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic/surgery , Incidence , Laparotomy , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Splenic Rupture/complications , Splenic Rupture/surgery , Thoracotomy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Multiple Trauma/complications
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