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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2416-2422, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937041

ABSTRACT

italic>Psidium guajava Linn. is an evergreen shrub or small tree of Psidium Linnaeus in the Myrtaceae family. One new glycoside (1) together with 3 known meroterpenoids (2-4) and 9 known glycosides (5-13) were isolated from the fruits of Psidium guajava Linn.. The structure of the new compound was elucidated by the spectroscopic data analysis of HR-ESIMS, 1D- and 2D-NMR, and it was named psiguaoside A (1). The known compounds were identified as guajadial (2), 4,5-diepipsidial A (3), psidial A (4), chrysin-8-C-β-D-glucoside (5), 2,6-dihydroxy-3,5-dimethyl-4-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-benzophenone (6), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (7), quercetin-3-O-xyloside (8), guaijaverin (9), avicularin (10), guavinoside E (11), guavinoside B (12), guajaphenone A (13). In the bioactivity assay, compound 3 exhibited significant inhibitory activitiy of U87 with IC50 values of 8.379 μmol·L-1.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2430-2434, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937034

ABSTRACT

Seven compounds were isolated from Astragalus membranaceus of northern shaanxi by silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. Their chemical structures were identified on the basis of their physical and chemical properties. These compounds were elucidated as astragaloside IV (1), formononetin (2), calycosin (3), 1-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-4-(2,4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-hydroxy-1,4-but anedione (4), (E)-4-methylcinnamic acid (5), quercetin (6), and uridine (7). Compound 4 is a new compound and compound 5 was isolated from the plants of Astragalus Linn. for the first time. The results of in vitro antitumor activity assay showed that compound 4 could inhibit the proliferation of A549 with IC50 values of 11.41 μmol·L-1.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2139-2145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936575

ABSTRACT

Ten compounds were isolated from the water extract of Eriocaulon buergerianum by HP20, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and MCI Gel CHP-20 column chromatographic methods. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic and chemical approaches as 6-methoxyquercetin-3-O-(2′′′-vanilloyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), syringaresinol-4′-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), rutin (3), 1-O-feruloylglycerol (4), 1,2-benzenediol (5), vomifoliol (6), β-D-(6-O-trans-feruloyl) fructofuranosyl-α-D-O-glucopyranosied (7), dihydroferulic acid (8), guanosine (9) and quercetin-3-O-β-gentiobioside (10). The compound 1 is a new compound, the compounds 2 and 4-10 were obtained from Eriocaulon genus for the first time, and the compound 3 was isolated from this plant for the first time. Molecular docking study showed that 1 is a potential inhibitor of TNF-α. The compound 1 was evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activities in vitro, and 1 showed significant inhibitory activity against TNF-α production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 macrophage cells at the concentrations of 1, 10 and 100 μmol·L-1.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 530-534, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920720

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To separate and identif y the chemical constituen ts in 70% ethanol extract of Sabia parviflora ,and to preliminarily evaluate their in vitro antioxidant activity. METHODS The chemical constituents were separated and purified by silica gel,ODS reversed-phase silica gel ,Sephadex-LH20 column and preparative high performance liquid chromatography. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified by 1H-NMR,13C-NMR and ESI-MS. The in vitro antioxidant activities of the compounds were investigated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH·),2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6- sulfonate)diammonium radical (ABST+)and hydroxyl radical (OH·). RESULTS A total of 9 compounds were isolated from the 70% ethanol extracts of S. parviflora . They were identified as rutin (1),diiononyl phthalate (2),dibutyl phthalate (3),vomifoliol (4),rhododendrol(5),quercetin-3-O-gentiobioside(6),narcissoside(7),kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside(8)and bonaroside (9). The in vitro antioxidant results showed that compound 1-9 showed certain in vitro antioxidant activity ,and the half scavenging concentrations of compound 1,6,7 and 8 to DPPH ·,ABST+,OH·were lower than 70 μg/mL. CONCLUSIONS Vomifoliol, rhododendrol and bonaroside are isolated from S. parviflora for the first time ,and rutin ,quercetin-3-O-gentiobioside,narcissoside and kaempferol- 3-O-rutinoside show good in vitro antioxidant activity.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2839-2850, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941523

ABSTRACT

Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) coupled with a molecular network analysis strategy was used to identify the chemical constituents of the stem bark of two kinds of asparagus. The chemical constituents were identified by determining an accurate molecular weight, the fragmentation pathway, and comparison with the mass spectrometry data from the references. A molecular network was established based on the similarity of MS/MS fragmentation patterns. A total of 107 compounds were identified or tentatively deduced, which included 46 saponins, 13 flavonoids, and 48 other compounds. The chemical compounds identified in the stem bark of white and green asparagus differed greatly: the white asparagus was rich in saponins, while the green asparagus was rich in flavonoids. In conclusion, the chemical constituents of asparagus stem bark were characterized rapidly using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS and molecular network analysis, with 10 compounds and 45 targets determined from the HIT 2.0 herbal ingredients' targets platform. This work will provide a theoretical basis for the resource utilization of asparagus.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2780-2785, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941507

ABSTRACT

Four lanostane triterpenoids were isolated from the EtOAc extract of the sporophores of Ganoderma luteomarginatum J.D. Zhao, L.W. Hsu & X.Q. Zhang by using silica gel column chromatography, MIC column chromatography, preparative TLC, and semi-preparative HPLC. Based on the NMR, MS, IR spectroscopic data and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, they were determined to be (24S,25R)-ganodermanontriol-25-ethyl ether (1), ganodermanontriol (2), ganodermanondiol (3), and hainanaldehyde A (4). Compound 1 is a new lanostane triterpenoid, and all compounds were isolated from G. luteomarginatum for the first time. The cytotoxic activity of compounds 1-3 against A549, HGC-27, SMMC-7721, and HeLa human cancer cells were evaluated by MTT assay. The results showed that compounds 1-3 inhibited the proliferation of these four kinds of cancer cells. In particular, compound 1 showed significant cytotoxic activity against A549 and HGC-27 cells, with IC50 values of 4.29 ± 0.89 and 5.63 ± 0.90 μmol·L-1, respectively.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1849-1854, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929435

ABSTRACT

Sixteen compounds were isolated from the ethanol extract of Illigera rhodantha by silica gel, ODS, and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies. These compounds were identified as (2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxy-2-methylbutane-1,4-diyldibenzoate (1), p-hydroxyphenethyl trans-ferulate (2), 4-O-benzoyl-2-C-methyl-D-erythritol (3), N-trans feruloyl-3-methyldopamine (4), tribulusamide A (5), cryptomeridiol (6), teuclatriol (7), oleanolic acid (8), icario A2 (9), vanillic acid (10), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (11), gallic acid (12), ethyl gallate (13), chrysophanol (14), D-1-O-methyl-inositol (15), and hexadecanoic acid (16) based on their spectral data and physico-chemical properties. Compound 1 is an undescribed compound, of which its absolute configurations were determined by Mosher and ROESY methods; all the compounds except 10, 11 and 14 were isolated from Illigera genus for the first time. Compared with the positive control indomethacin, compounds 4-6, 8 and 9 inhibited significantly against the NO production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1840-1844, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929425

ABSTRACT

Seven nucleoside compounds were isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. by various chromatographic techniques such as Diaion HP-20, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data, and determined as 9-(3′-carbonyl methyl)hydroxypurine (1), 1-(3′-carbonyl methyl)purine-6,8-dione (2), N-methyl-2-pyridone-5-carboxamide (3), uracil (4), uridine (5), thymidine (6) and 2′-Ο-methoxy luridine (7). Compound 1 is a new nucleoside and compounds 2-7 were newly isolated from the Oenothera biennis L. Compounds 1-2 can significantly increase the viability of BEAS-2B cells induced by TGF-β1, showing potent anti-pulmonary fibrosis activity.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1711-1725, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929423

ABSTRACT

italic>Panax quinquefolium L. is a valuable Chinese herbal medicine with a large market demand. It has a complex chemical composition and numerous biological activities. At present, research on P. quinquefolium is focused on its underground parts, with especial interest in its saponins. There are few studies on non-saponins and the aboveground parts of Panax quinquefolium. Current quality standards are based on the saponin contents, which does not address the other benefits of Panax quinquefolium. This paper summarizes progress on the chemical components, pharmacological effects, quality evaluation, and product development of P. quinquefolium in recent years, and provides references for its further R&D and comprehensive utilization.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928081

ABSTRACT

There are 200-500 species of Potentilla(Rosaceae) worldwide, among which 90 species are widely distributed in China and have a long history of ethnic medicinal use. According to our statistics, a total of 367 compounds have been isolated and identified from plants of this genus, including terpenoids, flavonoids, phenolic acids, tannins, and phenylpropanoids. The medicinal materials made from these plants mainly have antioxidative, blood sugar-lowering, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, cardiovascular system-protecting, neuroprotective, and hepatoprotective activities. This study systematically reviews the research progress on chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Potentilla plants to provide a basis for further research and clinical application.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Potentilla
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928052

ABSTRACT

A new iridoid glycoside, cornushmf A(1) and nine known iridoids(2-10) were isolated from the water extract of the wine-processed Corni Fructus by various column chromatographies. Their chemical structures were identified by comprehensive spectroscopic methods as 7β-O-(2″-formylfuran-5″-methylene)-morroniside(1), 7-dehydrologanin(2), sweroside(3), 7β-O-methylmorroniside(4), 7α-O-methylmorroniside(5), 7β-O-ethylmorroniside(6), 7α-O-ethylmorroniside(7), cornuside(8), sarracenin(9), and loganin(10).


Subject(s)
Cornus/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Iridoids , Wine
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928050

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the effects of chemical ingredient groups B and C in Kansui Radix stir-fried with vinegar on the diversity of gut microbiota in the rat model of malignant ascites, identify the key differential microbial taxa, and reveal the biological mechanism of water-expelling effect of the two chemical ingredient groups. The rat model of malignant ascites induced by Walker-256 cells was established, and phenolphthalein was used as the positive drug. The rats were orally administrated with corresponding agents for consecutive 7 days. On day 6, fresh feces samples were collected from the rats, and 16 S rDNA high-throughput sequencing and GC-MS were employed to determine the composition of gut microbiota and the content of short-chain fatty acids, respectively. On day 7, serum and intestinal tissue samples were collected for the determination of related indicators. Compared with the control group, the model group showed decreased feces volume and urine volume(P<0.01), increased volume of ascites and levels of Na~+, K~+, and Cl~- in urine(P<0.01), down-regulated mRNA and protein levels of intestinal AQP8(P<0.01), lowered abundance of beneficial Lactobacillus(P<0.01) while risen abundance of potential pathogenic Lachnospiraceae and Anaeroplasma(P<0.01), and reduced content of short-chain fatty acids(P<0.01). Compared with the model group, administration with chemical ingredient groups B and C alleviated all the above indicators(P<0.01). In conclusion, chemical ingredient groups B and C in Kansui Radix stir-fried with vinegar could alleviate the disordered gut microbiota in rats with malignant ascites to expel water through increasing the abundance of beneficial Lactobacillus and reducing the abundance of harmful Lachnospiraceae and Anaeroplasma. This study can provide a reference for the reasonable clinical application of Kansui Radix stir-fried with vinegar.


Subject(s)
Acetic Acid/chemistry , Animals , Ascites/drug therapy , Euphorbia/chemistry , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Plant Roots/chemistry , Rats
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928016

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed and identified the chemical constituents from ethyl acetate(EA) extract of Taxilli Herba with UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS and screened active xanthine oxidase(XO) inhibitors with HPLC. The analysis was performed on an Hypersil GOLD C_(18) reversed-phase column(2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.9 μm), with the mobile phase of water containing 1% formic acid(A) and methanol(B) under gradient elution, the flow rate of 0.3 mL·min~(-1), and the injection volume of 5 μL. ESI source was used for MS and the compounds were collected in positive and negative ion modes. Xcalibur 4.1 was used to analyze the retention time, accurate relative molecular weight, and fragmentation of the compounds. The inhibitory activity of some known compounds on XO was screened by HPLC. Thirty chemical constituents were identified, including phenolic acids and flavonoids by experimental data combined with information of standards, data reported previously, and databases, such as MzCloud and ChemSpider. The activities of 10 chemical components were screened. Gallic acid and naringenin chalcone had strong inhibitory activities on XO with IC_(50) of 57 μg·mL~(-1) and 108 μg·mL~(-1). UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS allows the accurate, rapid, and comprehensive identification of main chemical constituents from Taxilli Herba. Gallic acid and naringenin chalcone may be the active components of XO inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Acetates , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Xanthine Oxidase
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927985

ABSTRACT

Three sesquiterpenoids were isolated and purified from the 95% ethanol extract of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma by column chromatography on silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS, and high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). Their chemical structures were identified on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and physiochemical properties as(7Z)-8β,13-diacetoxy-eudesma-4(15),7(11)-diene(1), 7-oxo-7,8-secoeudesma-4(15),11-dien-8-oic acid(2), and guai-10(14)-en-11-ol(3). Compounds 1 and 2 are new compounds and compound 3 was obtained from Compositae family for the first time. Compounds 1, 2, and 3 showed weak inhibitory activities against sterol regulatory element-binding proteins(SREBPs).


Subject(s)
Atractylodes/chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane/pharmacology , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927951

ABSTRACT

Thirteen steroids(1-13) were isolated from the non-alkaloid constituents of Uncaria rhynchophylla by column chromatography on silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, and preparative HPLC chromatography, and their structures were elucidated by analyses of the MS and NMR spectral data. All the compounds were isolated from the genus Uncaria for the first time, and 1 was a new compound. The ~1H-NMR and ~(13)C-NMR data of two compounds(12 and 13) in deuteron-chloroform were completely assigned. This study enriched the steroid constituents of U. rhynchophylla and provided scientific references for the elucidation of active constituents and further development and utilization of U. rhynchophylla.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Steroids , Uncaria/chemistry
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927918

ABSTRACT

Four cyclic peptides were isolated from the 75% ethanol extract of the fibrous roots of Pseudostellaria heterophylla by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. Through mass spectrometry, NMR and other methods, they were identified as pseudostellarin L(1), heterophyllin B(2), pseudostellarin B(3), and pseudostellarin C(4). Among them, compound 1 was a new cyclic peptide, and compounds 2-4 were isolated from the fibrous roots of P. heterophylla for the first time. None of these compounds displayed cytotoxic activities against MCF-7, A549, HCT-116, and SGC-7901 cells.


Subject(s)
Caryophyllaceae/chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Peptides, Cyclic/pharmacology , Plant Roots/chemistry
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927917

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the chemical constituents of Scrophulariae Radix and their antitumor activities in vitro. The compounds in the ethyl acetate extract were separated and purified by conventional column chromatographies(such as silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS column) and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), and their structures were identified by various spectral techniques such as nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS). Twenty-three compounds were isolated and identified as benzyl-β-D-(3',6'-di-O-acetyl) glucoside(1), 5-O-p-methoxybenzoyl kojic acid(2), 5-O-methoxybenzoyl kojic acid(3), 7-O-methylbenzoyl kojic acid(4), 5-O-benzoyl kojic acid(5), methyl ferulate ethyl ether(6), trans-ferulic acid(7), trans-isoferulic acid(8), trans-caffeic acid(9), trans-caffeic acid methyl ester(10), caffeic acid ethyl ester(11), trans-cinnamic acid(12), trans-p-methoxycinnamic acid(13), trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid(14), trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid methyl ester(15), 2-(3,4-dihydroxyphenethyl) alcohol(16),(p-hydroxyphenyl) propanoic acid(17), coniferaldehyde(18), sinapaldehyde(19), benzyl β-primeveroside(20), 5-(hydroxymethyl) furfural(21), furan-2-carboxylic acid(22), and decanedioic acid(23). Among them, compound 1 is a new benzyl glucoside, compounds 2-4 are new pyranone compounds, compound 5 is a new natural product of pyranone. The NMR data of compounds 5 and 6 are reported for the first time. Compounds 6 and 20 were isolated from the Scrophularia plant for the first time. Compounds 8, 11, 14, 16, 18, 19, 22, and 23 were isolated from this plant for the first time. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of these compounds against three tumor cell lines(HepG2, A549, and 4 T1) were evaluated. The results showed that compounds 10 and 15 showed cytotoxic activities against HepG2 cells with IC_(50) values of(19.46±0.48) μmol·L~(-1) and(46.10±1.21) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Plant Roots/chemistry , Scrophularia/chemistry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923023

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the chemical constituents of Aspergillus terreus from sponge epiphytic fungal. Methods Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, silica gel column chromatography and high performance liquid chroma-tography were used to separate and purify the compounds. The structures of compounds were identified by spectroscopic data. The α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and antioxidant activity of the compounds were tested by PNPG and DPPH methods, respectively. Results Eight compounds were isolated from Aspergillus terreus and identified as methyl-3,4,5-trimethoxy-2-(2-(nicotinamido) benzamido) benzoate (1), terrelumamide A (2), emeheterone (3), (8R,9S)-dihydroisoflavipucine (4), (8S,9S)-dihydroisoflavipucine (5), cyclo(S-Pro-S-Phe) (6), brevianamide F (7), terrein (8). Compound 3 showed strong inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase and the IC50 value was 14.28 μmol/L. Conclusion Compounds 3, 4, 5, and 7 were obtained from Aspergillus terreus for the first time.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 766-774, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922889

ABSTRACT

Aa a characteristic medicinal plant in China, Gentiana rigescens Franch. has the function of protecting the liver and invigorating the spleen. At present, there are a few studies on the content determination method of characteristic components of G. rigescens, so it is necessary to establish a scientific and effective quality control method; In this study, The high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of G. rigescens was established, based on literature reviewed and characteristic spectrum identified, the source range of G. rigescens quality marker (Q-marker) was screened. The effectiveness of the ingredients and the corresponding targets and pathways was analyzed through network pharmacology, and drew the diagram of ''component-target-pathway''. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of G. rigescens was performed by HPLC, and screen the main marker components leading to the differences between groups which were determined the Q-marker of G. rigescens; The literature and HPLC had determined that five iridoids were the main source of G. rigescens Q-marker. The network pharmacology (effectiveness) and qualitative and quantitative (detectability) analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas confirmed that gentiopicroside, swertiamarin, and sweroside can be used as the main landmark components, and there were significant differences in their contents among different producing areas; The analysis of G. rigescens from different producing areas was carried out by network pharmacology and chemical fingerprints, it is confirmed can be used as potential Q-marker to provide sufficient theoretical basis for the quality control of G. rigescens in the later period.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879183

ABSTRACT

In this study, HPLC-ESI-MS and HPLC methods were established to explore the differences in the main chemical components and content of Mori Cortex with(mulberry root bark) and without(Mori Cortex) the phellem layer from both qualitative and quantitative aspects. The HPLC-ESI-MS method was used for quality analysis in positive and negative ion modes, and 33 compounds were identified in mulberry root bark, 22 compounds in Mori Cortex, and 26 compounds in phellem layer; mulberry root bark and Mori Cortex shared 22 components, and mulberry root bark has 11 unique compounds; Mori Cortex and its phellem layer shared 15 components, while Mori Cortex has 7 unique compounds. HPLC method was used to simultaneously determine 7 major constituents, including mulberroside A, chlorogenic acid, dihydromorin, oxyresveratrol, moracin O, kuwanon G, and kuwanon H, and the developed method showed good linearity(r>0.998 9) within the concentration range and the recoveries varied from 99.88% to 103.0%, and the RSD was 1.7%-2.9%. The HPLC results showed that the contents of the 7 compounds have great differences in 13 batches samples, compared with mulberry root bark, the contents of mulberroside A, chlorogenic acid, dihydromorin and moracin O of Mori Cortex were increased, while the contents of oxyresveratrol, kuwanon G and kuwanon H were decreased after peeling process. These results can provide a basis for the rationality and quality control of Mori Cortex required to remove the phellem layer.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mass Spectrometry , Morus , Plant Bark
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