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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924405

ABSTRACT

Purpose : The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of aortic valve replacement (AVR) with ascending aorta grafting under hypothermic circulatory arrest for patients with shaggy/calcified ascending aorta based on preoperative and intraoperative assessment of ascending aorta. Methods : From April 2010 to July 2019, 133 patients with aortic stenosis underwent AVR. Based on preoperative computed tomography and intraoperative epi aortic ultrasound, 121 patients were able to have their aorta clamped (C-AVR), while clamping was not possible for 12 patients due to shaggy/calcified in the ascending aorta (Asc-AVR). In Asc-AVR, ascending aorta was replaced to the vascular graft under hypothermic circulatory arrest with retrograde cerebral perfusion followed by AVR. Results : Although operative time and cardiopulmonary bypass time were prolonged and blood transfusion volume was significantly high in Asc-AVR, there were no significant differences in postoperative complications. Although postoperative MRI revealed two silent strokes, no symptomatic neurologic complications occurred in Asc-AVR. Five-year survival rates between groups were comparable (64.2% in Asc-AVR vs. 79.9% in C-AVR, p=0.420). Replacement of ascending aorta was not a risk factor of late death. Conclusion : AVR with ascending aorta grafting under hypothermic circulatory arrest based on preoperative and intraoperative assessment of ascending aorta is an acceptable method for patients with shaggy/calcified aorta.

2.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 40(1)abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388073

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Antecedentes: El daño neurológico es una complicación devastadora de la cirugía con paro circulatorio del cayado aórtico y aorta ascendente. La perfusión anterógrada del encéfalo permite disminuir la incidencia de esta complicación, pero es un procedimiento engorroso que interfiere el campo quirúrgico. Para procedimientos más simples que requieran de paro circulatorio de menor duración, la Perfusión Cerebral Retrógrada (PCR) es una alternativa válida. Objetivo: Evaluar nuestros resultados en la cirugía del reemplazo total de la aorta ascendente tubular con paro circulatorio con hipotermia sistémica moderada y PCR. Material y Método: Entre enero de 2015 y enero de 2020 se identificaron los pacientes en la Base de Datos del Servicio de Cirugía Cardiaca de nuestra institución, se revisaron los protocolos operatorios, registros de perfusión y epicrisis, para obtener datos demográficos, clínicos y quirúrgicos pertinentes. La supervivencia alejada se certificó a través del "Servicio Registro Civil e Identificación de Chile". Resultados: En el periodo en estudio, 27 pacientes (21 hombres) tuvieron un reemplazo total de la aorta ascendente tubular con paro circulatorio con hipotermia moderada y PCR. Ocho pacientes tenían una cirugía previa; 7 de estos un reemplazo valvular aórtico. El 75% de los otros 20 pacientes tenía una válvula aórtica bicúspide. El diámetro máximo de la aorta ascendente fue en promedio 53,7 mm (45 a 67), y fue reemplazada en el 52% de los casos con un tubo protésico de 34 mm (promedio:32,4 mm; margen:30 a 34 mm). En 20 pacientes se efectuó un reemplazo valvular aórtico (15 con prótesis biológica). El tiempo promedio de circulación extracorpórea fue 174,6 min (97 a 243) y la temperatura sistémica mínima promedio fue 21ºC (18 a 25). El tiempo promedio de paro circulatorio fue 22,3 min (12 a 40) y de PCR 13 min (6 a 27). No hubo mortalidad operatoria. La morbilidad más frecuente fue la fibrilación auricular (33%). Una paciente presentó un episodio convulsivo aislado y otro fue reoperado por hemorragia postoperatoria. Una paciente falleció a los 48 meses de su operación. Conclusión: El paro circulatorio con hipotermia sistémica moderada y PCR para la cirugía de reemplazo total de la aorta ascendente facilitó la operación, con baja mortalidad y morbilidad en este grupo de pacientes.


Abstract: Background. Neurological damage is a devastating complication of aortic arch and ascending aorta surgery with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Antegrade cerebral perfusion significantly decreases the incidence of this complication, but it is a cumbersome procedure that interfere the surgical field. For more simple procedures, requiring a shorter period of circulatory arrest, retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) would be a valid alternative. Objective. To evaluate the results of total surgical replacement of the tubular ascending aorta with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest and retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP). Methods. Patients operated between January 2015 and January 2020 were included.Demographic, clinical and surgical information was obtained from the operatives notes, perfusion registry and discharge reports. Long-term survival was certified by the "Chilean Civil and Identification Registry". Results. 27 patients (21 men) underwent a total replacement of the tubular ascending aorta with circulatory arrest with moderate hypothermia and RCP. Eight patients had been previously operated on;7 of them had a previous aortic valve replacement. Of the remaining 20 patients, 75% had a bicuspid aortic valve. Average maximum diameter of the ascending aorta was 53.7 mm (45 - 67). Average size of the ascending aorta replacement graft was 32.4 mm (30 -34). In 20 patients a concomitant aortic valve replacement was performed (15 with a biological valve). Mean extracorporeal circulation time was 174.6 min (97 - 243) and mean minimal systemic temperature was 21ºC (18 - 25). Mean circulatory arrest time was 22.3 min (12 - 40) and mean RCP time was 13 min (6 - 27), There was no operative mortality. Atrial fibrillation was the most frequent post-operative morbidity (33%). One patient presented an isolated convulsive episode and another was re-operated due to postoperative hemorrhage. One patient died, 48 months after her operation. Conclusion. Moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest with RCP simplifies total tubular ascending aorta replacement, with low mortality and morbidity.

3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 723-728, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057508

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Adrenocortical and renal cell carcinomas rarely invade the right atrium (RA). These neoplasms need surgical treatment, are very aggressive and have poor prognostic and surgical outcomes. Case series: We present a retrospective cohort of nine cases of RA invasion through the inferior vena cava (four adrenocortical carcinomas and five renal cell carcinomas). Over 13 years (2002-2014), nine patients were operated in collaboration with the team of urologists. Surgery was possible in all patients with different degrees of technical difficulty. All patients were operated considering the imaging examinations with the aid of CPB. In all reported cases (renal or suprarenal), the decision to use CPB with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) on surgical strategy was decided by the team of urological and cardiac surgeons. Conclusion: Data retrospectively collected from patients of public hospitals reaffirm: 1) Low incidence with small published series; 2) The selected cases did not represent the whole historical casuistry of the hospital, since they were selected after the adoption of electronic documentation; 3) Demographic data and references reported in the literature were presented as tables to avoid wordiness; 4) The series highlights the propensity to invade the venous system; 5) Possible surgical treatment with the aid of CPB in collaboration with the urology team; 6) CPB with DHCA is a safe and reliable option; 7) Poor prognosis with disappointing late results, even considering the adverse effects of CPB on cancer prognosis are expected but not confirmed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Heart Atria/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Heart Atria/surgery , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Invasiveness
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731535

ABSTRACT

@#Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is an important assistant technique for complex cardiac surgery, which creates convenient operating conditions for surgery, and is also one of the measures to protect the brain during operation. However, the complications caused by this technique cannot be ignored, and it should be noticed that the occurrence of intestinal injury is relatively insidious, but brings great pain to patients and significantly reduces the quality of life after operation. Studies have shown that intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury is induced by DHCA. It causes mast cells to activate and release many inflammatory mediators that destroy the intestinal mucosal epithelium barrier, and eventually lead to intestinal injury. This article reviewed the research progress of mast cells in the mechanism of DHCA-induced intestinal injury.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761836

ABSTRACT

We describe aortic arch endarterectomy performed concomitantly with on-pump cardiac surgery in 2 patients with grade V arch atherosclerosis. In both patients, transesophageal echocardiographic findings led to the diagnosis of severe arch atherosclerosis associated with a mobile atheromatous plaque in the aortic arch. The severe arch atherosclerosis was managed with endarterectomy under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. In patients with severe grade V atherosclerosis in the aortic arch, performing endarterectomy simultaneously with primary cardiac surgery may be justified as a way to reduce the risk of peripheral embolism, including cerebrovascular accidents, with minimal additional surgical risk.


Subject(s)
Aorta , Aorta, Thoracic , Atherosclerosis , Circulatory Arrest, Deep Hypothermia Induced , Diagnosis , Echocardiography , Embolism , Endarterectomy , Humans , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Stroke , Thoracic Surgery
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2325-2332, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803003

ABSTRACT

Background@#The aortic arch replacement and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are both associated with the early mortality after cardiothoracic surgery. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between CPB time and 90-day post-operative mortality in patients undergoing aortic arch surgery using the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique with selective ante-grade cerebral perfusion (SACP).@*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed data of 377 adult patients undergoing aortic arch surgery via FET with SACP from July 1, 2017 to December 31, 2018 at Beijing Anzhen Hospital. The baseline characteristics, intra-operative data, and post-operative data were collected. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to determine independent predictors of 90-day postoperative mortality.@*Results@#The 90-day post-operative mortality was 13.53%. The 78.51% of patients were men. There were 318 (84.35%) type A aortic dissections and 28 (7.43%) aortic aneurysms. Among those, 264 (70.03%) were emergency operations. Median CPB time was 202.0 (176.0, 227.0) min. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that CPB time was independently associated with 90-day post-operative mortality after adjusting confounding factors (hazard ratio: 1.21/10 min increase in CPB time, 95% confidence interval: 1.15–1.27, P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis based on CPB time tertiles revealed that the top tertile (median 236.0 min) was associated with reduced survival rate compared with middle and bottom tertiles (P < 0.001). Each sub-group analysis based on the complexity of the underlying disease process showed similar associations between CPB time and 90-day post-operative mortality.@*Conclusions@#CPB time remains a significant factor in determining 90-day post-operative mortality in patients undergoing aortic arch surgery using FET with SACP. Surgeons should be aware of the relationship between CPB time and 90-day post-operative mortality during operative procedures and avoid extended CPB time as far as possible.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756349

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the application of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest in surgical treatment of complex thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms and its near-midterm effect.Methods The clinical data of 34 cases of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm in the center from August 2009 to June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively.All the patients underwent surgery under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.There were 23 males and 11 females; aged 23 -67 years, mean(42.26 ±10.96) years old; Crawford type Ⅰ in 12 cases and Crawford type Ⅱ in 22 cases; aneurysms with a maximum diameter of 50 -120 mm, mean(65.26 ±16.09) mm;Marfan syndrome 15 cases, atherosclerosis 14 cases, aortic coarctation in 5 cases;22 cases of hypertension;28 cases of first aortic surgery, 6 cases of re-aortic surgery.Surgical transthoracic and abdominal incision, ext-racapsular approach, femoral artery and inferior vena cava intubation, deep hypothermic circulatory arrest technique to complete proximal anastomosis, arterial tube reconstruction of intercostal artery, abdominal organ blood supply artery and four The bifur-cated vessels were anastomosed, and the bifurcated vessels were anastomosed with the "Y"type artificial blood vessel trunk. The bilateral radial arteries were end-to-end anastomosis in the 10 mm artificial blood vessels of the "Y"type artificial blood vessels.Results There were no complications of cranial nerve system in the whole group , deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (17.68 ±4.88) min, ventilator assist time(34.88 ±16.04) hours, postoperative renal failure in 5 cases, after CRRT treat-ment After recovery, 1 case of paraplegia after operation, muscle strength recovered after cerebrospinal fluid drainage and de-compression, and 1 case died in the whole group, and died of multiple organ failure.The patients were followed up for 3 months to 5 years, and the results were satisfactory.The survivors did not die.The survivors did not die.However, 5 patients underwent thoracic aortic replacement under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest for the first time , and 4 patients underwent reo-peration because of distal vasodilation.The reconstructed intercostal artery occlusion occurred in 4 patients, but no paraplegia occurred.Conclusion When cross clamping the aorta is not feasible,it is safe to perform proximal anastomosis with deep hy-pothermic circulatory arrest.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751013

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA), to explore the risk factors and prognosis of postoperative AKI, and to establish a relatively accurate preoperative risk assessment strategy and prevention measures. Methods    The clinical data of 252 patients who underwent deep hypothermic circulatory surgery in our hospital from January 2014 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 179 males and 73 females with an average age of 53.6±11.6 years. The patients were divided into an AKI group and a non-AKI group according to the AKI diagnostic criteria developed by kidney disease improving global outcomes (KDIGO). The data of the two groups were compared, and the risk factors related to AKI after DHCA were analyzed by single factor and multivariate logistic regression. Results    Among the 252 patients enrolled, the incidence of AKI was 69.0%. The postoperative hospital mortality rate was 7.9% (20/252). The univariate analysis showed that the patient's age and body mass index (BMI)≥28 kg/m2, left ventricular ejection fraction<55%, preoperative serum creatinine (Scr)≥110 μmol/L, preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), Cleveland score and intraoperative cardiopulmonary bypass time, intraoperative infusion of red blood cells, intraoperative infusion of plasma, postoperative  mechanical ventilation time≥40 h and other indicators were significantly different between the two groups (P<0.05); multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was significant difference between the two groups in age (OR=1.040, 95% CI 1.017–1.064, P=0.001), BMI≥28 kg/m2 (OR=2.335, 95%CI 1.093–4.990, P=0.029), eGFR<90 mL/(min·1.73 m2) (OR=2.044, 95%CI 1.082–3.863, P=0.028), preoperative Cleveland score (OR=1.300, 95%CI 1.054–1.604, P=0.014) and intraoperative cardiopulmonary bypass time (OR=1.009, 95%CI 1.002–1.017, P=0.014). Conclusion    The incidence of AKI is higher after DHCA. Patients with postoperative AKI have longer hospital stay and higher risk of hospitalization death. The age of patients, BMI≥28 kg/m2, eGFR<90 mL/(min·1.73) m2, Cleveland score, intraoperative extracorporeal circulation time are independent risk factors for AKI after DHCA.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750297

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the results of emergent aortic arch replacement using moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest and unilateral antegrade cerebral perfusion (MHCA+UACP). Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 146 patients who underwent emergent aortic arch replacement using MHCA+UACP in our institution from January 2008 to June 2018. There were 111 males and 35 females aged 60.3±7.2 years. According to different surgical approaches, patients were divided into two groups: a total arch replacement (TAR) group (n=104) and a semi arch replacement (SAR) group (n=42). Right axillary artery was cannulated for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and cerebral perfusion. Core temperature at the onset of MHCA was 23.4±1.4 ℃. UACP was initiated at 18-22 ℃ with the flow of 5-10 ml/(kg·min). Flow was adjusted to maintain cerebral perfusion pressure of 50–60 mm Hg. Results    CPB time was 235.0±42.0 min. Aortic clamp time was 154.0±29.0 min. Circulatory arrest (CA) time was 48.1±13.0 min. The CPB time and CA time of the TAR group were longer than those of SAR group. Overall mortality rate was 9.6%. Complications included permanent neurological dysfunction (PND), temporary neurological dysfunction (TND), acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring dialysis and delayed extubation (mechanical ventilation time > 72 hours). Overall incidence of PND and TND was 2.7% and 6.8%, respectively. The incidence of AKI requiring dialysis was 4.1%. The incidence of delayed extubation was 21.9%. No difference of mortality rate or incidence of complications was found between the two groups. The average follow-up was 63.0±33.1 months. The 5-year survival rate was 72.6% in the TAR group and 85.5% in the SAR group. Conclusion    Emergent aortic arch replacement using MHCA+UACP can be accomplished with excellent results.

10.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738308

ABSTRACT

A 70-year-old man receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (5FU+CDDP) for esophageal cancer was transferred to our hospital for the treatment of asymptomatic thrombus in the ascending aorta. Enhanced computed tomography revealed a low-density mass of 34×16 mm in diameter on the posterior surface of the ascending aorta. We performed thrombectomy and suture plication of the aortic intima under hypothermic circulatory arrest. Intraoperative epiaortic echo showed the mass was floating in the aorta. The patient was discharged from the hospital on the 18th postoperative day. Most patients with aortic thrombus are diagnosed under conditions of peripheral embolism. Asymptomatic thrombus in the ascending aorta is extremely rare. We herein report a case of thrombectomy for asymptomatic thrombus in the ascending aorta.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743261

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a long-term survival model of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) in rats,which could contribute to the research of organ damage mechanism and clinical treatments related to DHCA.Methods Twenty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly (random number) divided into the sham group (n=10) and DHCA group (n=10).After anesthesia,a 20 G catheter was cannulated in the tail artery for arterial inflow,a multiorificed catheter in the right jugular vein for venous drainage,and a 24G catheter in the branch of left femoral artery for artery blood pressure monitoring.Rats in the DHCA group underwent DHCA procedure for 40 min after brain temperature cooled to 18℃,then rewarmed for 40 min,till the brain temperature were above 34℃.Rats in the sham group were cannulated but did not undergo cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).Hemodynamic parameters and blood gas analysis were measured for 5 times (pre-CPB,15 min after CPB,10 min after rewarming,40 min after rewarming,and 30 min after CPB).Results One rat in the DHCA group died,and the rest rats survived.The lactate level in the DHCA group after rewarming during operation was significantly higher than that in the sham group (7.84 mmol/L vs 1.93 mmol/L,P<0.05).Conclusions In this study,40-min DHCA model in rats is characterized by safe and long-term survival.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732649

ABSTRACT

@#We conducted a detailed analysis of different hypothermic circulatory arrest techniques, from its evolution, application on aortic arch surgery and research, focusing on the application and advantages and disadvantage, which provides some guide for the future discussion on the optimal temperature of hypothermic circulatory arrest.

13.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688753

ABSTRACT

A 69-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of a right upper mediastinal mass observed on chest roentgenogram. Computed tomography showed a dissecting aneurysm of the right subclavian artery and dissection of the ascending aorta. Furthermore, the ascending aorta was dilated. We subsequently reconstructed the right subclavian artery with a bypass graft and replaced the ascending aorta. Two-thirds of the aortic arch was placed in deep hypothermic circulatory arrest with retrograde cerebral perfusion. His postoperative course was uneventful with no neurological complications. While subclavian artery aneurysms are relatively rare in comparison to other peripheral artery aneurysms, subclavian artery aneurysms with aortic dissections are even rarer. The most important concerns during subclavian artery aneurysm repair are the method of surgical approach and the maintenance of sufficient cerebral flow. We suggested that deep hypothermic circulatory arrest with retrograde cerebral perfusion might prove useful in cases involving an intramural thrombus adherent to cerebral vessels. Therefore, patients with subclavian artery aneurysms must undergo extensive preoperative evaluation.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735016

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the independent risk factors and complications for perioperative hyperbilirubinemia in Stanford type A aortic dissection undergoing operation and investigate the management strategy of perioperative hyperbilirubi-nemia. Methods Between January 2013 and January 2018 from the department of great vessel surgery of heart centre of,290 cases of patients with Stanford type A aortic dissection undergoing operation were collected consecutively,male 210 cases,fe-male 80 cases. The related data and perioperative peak hyperbilirubinemia were recorded. According to the perioperative peak hyperbilirubinemia,patients were divided into 2 groups:≥51. 3 μmol/ L group and < 51. 3 μmol/ L group. Univariate and lo-gistic regression analysis were used to identify the independent risk factors. The perioperative complications were also recorded. Results Preoperative total bilirubin ≥ 17. 1 μmol/ L(OR = 2. 105,95% CI: 1. 153 - 3. 125,P = 0. 016),cardiopulmonary bypass time > 3. 5 h(OR = 1. 103,95% CI: 1. 316 - 6. 151,P = 0. 031),a large number of hemolysis(OR = 1. 503,95%CI: 1. 506 - 6. 651,P = 0. 029),the input amount of 24 h allogeneic red blood cell > 2000 ml(OR = 1. 381,95% CI:0. 956 - 2. 552,P = 0. 036)were the independent risk factors for perioperative hyperbilirubinemia. The incidence rate of post-operative acute hepatic failure(2. 5% vs. 0,P = 0. 021)and artificial liver therapy(2. 5% vs. 0,P = 0. 021)in≥51. 3μmol/ L group were significantly increased. The incidence rate of postoperative acute lung injury(37. 5% vs. 25. 2%,P =0. 039)and acute kidney injury(38. 7% vs. 19. 5%,P = 0. 035)in 51. 3 μmol/ L group were also significantly increased. The duration of mechanical ventilation[(4. 1 ± 1. 6)days vs. (2. 8 ± 1. 3)days,P < 0. 05]and ICU stay time[(5. 1 ± 2. 3)days vs. (3. 9 ± 1. 8)days,P = 0. 035]and hospitalization time[( 19. 3 ± 3. 1)days vs. ( 17. 3 ± 2. 5)days,P = 0. 035]were sig-nificantly prolonged. Temporary nerve dysfunction(52. 5% vs. 32. 6%,P = 0. 002)and in-hospital mortality( 17. 5% vs. 8. 1%,P = 0. 037)were significantly increased. Conclusion Preoperative total bilirubin ≥ 17. 1 μmol/ L,cardiopulmonary bypass time > 3. 5 h,a large number of hemolysis,the input amount of 24 h allogeneic red blood cell > 2000 ml were the in-dependent risk factors for perioperative hyperbilirubinemia in Stanford type A aortic dissection. The perioperative complications in≥51. 3 μmol/ L group were significantly increased. Therefore,more attention should be paid to the independent risk factors for perioperative hyperbilirubinemia in Stanford type A aortic dissection,hyperbilirubinemia and its clearance should be moni-tored more actively and dynamically,the cause should be found more precisely,the treatment be more comprehensive to achieve to control the level of bilirubinemia and improve the prognosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611496

ABSTRACT

Objective Total aortic arch replacement and stented elephant trunk surgery is an important surgical method for acute type A aortic dissection, and the short, middle, long term curative effect has been recognized by more and more experts at home and abroad.Circulatory arrest was an independent risk factor for postoperative complications and mortality in patients with type A aortic dissection.The aim of this article is to observed the effection of a new technology to block aortic arch, whicn can shorten the circulatory arrest time to 2 minutes and avoid harm of circulatory arrest on patients.Methods From May 2016 to February 2017, 68 patients with acute type A aortic dissection were divided into the conventional group and the modified group.All the patients underwent total arch replacement and stented elephant trunk surgery.The rectal temperature of the conventional group was 25℃ and circulatory arrest time was 20 min.While the rectal temperature of the modified group was 28℃ and and circulatory arrest time was 2 min.Results In the conventional operation group, 3 patients died after operation while all the patients in the modified group were cured and discharged.There are no differences between the two groups in the time of cardiopulmonary bypass(CPB) and heart arrest time(P>0.05).There are Significant differences in CPB time, circulatory arrest time, postoperative awake time, intubation time, amount of blood used, the amount of drainage during the first two days after operation, the time staying in ICU and the postoperative time in hospital.And the modified group was much better.(P<0.05)Conclusion The results of new technology blocking aortic arch in the patients with acute type A aortic dissection are better than the conventional surgical approach during the perioperative period.This technology is simple and effective.It is worth promoting.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608235

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of superficial temporal artery(STA)pressure-guided selective cerebral perfusion(SCP)during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest(DHCA)in patients undergoing aortic arch surgery.Methods Ninety-six patients of both sexes,aged 35-64 yr,with body mass index of 19-23kg/m2,of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅲ or Ⅳ,undergoing aortic arch surgery,were divided into STA pressure group(group A)and clinical experience group(group B)using a random number table,with 48 patients in each group.In group A,STA catheterization was performed after tracheal intubation,and arterial pressure was monitored.SCP flow was adjusted to maintain the target value of STA pressure between 30 and 40mmHg during DHCA in group A.SCP flow rate was set at 5-10ml·kg-1·min-1 according to clinical experience in group B.The volume of fluid perfused during SCP,emergence time,extubation time and duration of intensive care unit stay were recorded.Neurological function was evaluated during length of hospitalization after surgery,and the development of permanent and transient neurological dysfunction and mortality in hospital were recorded.Results Compared with group B,the volume of fluid perfused during SCP was significantly decreased,the emergence time,extubation time and duration of intensive care unit stay were shortened,the incidence of permanent and transient neurological dysfunction(2% and 4%,respectively)was decreased(P 0.05).Conclusion Maintaining STA pressure at 30-40mmHg is a reliable method for guiding SCP during DHCA in patients undergoing aortic arch surgery.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618592

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the effects of nitroglycerine on cooling and rewarming during cardiopulmonary bypass with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCAC).Methods Forty-six patients undergoing total aortic arch replacement with DHCAC, 38 males and 8 females, aged 26-74 years, falling into ASA physical status Ⅳ or Ⅴ, were randomly assigned to study group (n=24) and control group (n=22).The same cooling and rewarming methods were implemented in both groups.During cooling and rewarming, the study group received nitroglycerine infusion and the control group normal saline of same volume.The rectum rewarming time, the nasopharyngeal cooling and rewarming time were measured and compared.Results The time of rewarming rectum was significantly shorter in the study group compared to the control group [(104±30) min vs (127±31) min, P<0.05].There was no difference in cooling time , time of rewarming nasopharynx.Conclusion Nitroglycerine shortens the time of rewarming rectum during cardiopulmonary bypass with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217608

ABSTRACT

A 27-year-old man was admitted with a penetrating injury at the mid-manubrium. Computed tomographic (CT) angiography showed a filling defect in the aortic arch. This was evaluated as a sign of injury and the patient underwent an emergency operation. No active bleeding or clot was found in the mediastinum during the operation. The laceration point was between the innominate and the left carotid artery posteriorly. The injury was approached using hypothermic circulatory arrest. Aortotomy and exploration showed a 2-cm-long full-thickness aortic injury with an overlying clot. A filling defect on angiography as a sign of a penetrating arch injury has never been reported previously, but was the main pathological finding on CT angiography in our case. The aorta is a high-pressure system and injuries to it should be treated aggressively.


Subject(s)
Adult , Angiography , Aorta , Aorta, Thoracic , Carotid Arteries , Emergencies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypothermia , Lacerations , Mediastinum
19.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2016 Oct; 19(4): 750-751
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-180971

ABSTRACT

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is an extracardiac left to right shunt. It should be corrected at an early age, but some patients may survive into adult life even without repair. Anesthetic management for adult patients with PDA poses many challenges for the anesthesiologist due to alterations in the cardiopulmonary physiology. We report successful anesthesia management of a case of an adult patient of PDA with moderate pulmonary artery hypertension with infective endarteritis (two large mobile vegetations at the pulmonary end of the duct).

20.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2016 July; 19(3): 454-462
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-177430

ABSTRACT

Objective: Metabolic acidosis after deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) for thoracic aortic operations is commonly managed with sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3). The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between total NaHCO3 dose and the severity of metabolic acidosis, duration of mechanical ventilation, duration of vasoactive infusions, and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) or hospital length of stay (LOS). Methods: In a single center, retrospective study, 87 consecutive elective thoracic aortic operations utilizing DHCA, were studied. Linear regression analysis was used to test for the relationships between the total NaHCO3 dose administered through postoperative day 2, clinical variables, arterial blood gas values, and short‑term clinical outcomes. Results: Seventy‑five patients (86%) received NaHCO3. Total NaHCO3 dose averaged 136 ± 112 mEq (range: 0.0–535 mEq) per patient. Total NaHCO3 dose correlated with minimum pH (r = 0.41, P < 0.0001), minimum serum bicarbonate (r = −0.40, P < 0.001), maximum serum lactate (r = 0.46, P = 0.007), duration of metabolic acidosis (r = 0.33, P = 0.002), and maximum serum sodium concentrations (r = 0.29, P = 0.007). Postoperative hypernatremia was present in 67% of patients and peaked at 12 h following DHCA. Eight percent of patients had a serum sodium ≥ 150 mEq/L. Total NaHCO3 dose did not correlate with anion gap, serum chloride, not the duration of mechanical ventilator support, vasoactive infusions, ICU or hospital LOS. Conclusion: Routine administration of NaHCO3 was common for the management of metabolic acidosis after DHCA. Total dose of NaHCO3 was a function of the severity and duration of metabolic acidosis. NaHCO3 administration contributed to postoperative hypernatremia that was often severe. The total NaHCO3 dose administered was unrelated to short‑term clinical outcomes.

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