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Indian J Med Ethics ; 2023 Sep; 8(3): 233-234
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222718


In this essay, we talk about the importance of the relationship between doctors and patients, and the need for patient-centric communication rather than that with a paternalistic approach. Training of a medical student should include communication skills besides technical training in healthcare. As patient care evolves, communication becomes more crucial; therefore, it is important to understand the repercussions of poor communication skills and how improvement in this vital area can be beneficial.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-219161


Introduction:Good communication skills (CSs) are not only the crux of a good doctor–patient relationship but also the foundation over which any human relationship is based. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of training on CS in Phase I MBBS students in a Government Medical College in West Bengal, India. MaterialsandMethods: One hundred and eighty‑four Phase I medical students were trained on how to communicate properly with their peers, seniors, teachers, college authorities, department staff, patient relatives, and other health professionals. Each participant underwent a set of three assessments (presession, postsession, and late postsession) for both knowledge and skills in CS. After postsession assessment, feedback by the faculties and peers was provided and reflections were obtained from the participants. A prevalidated questionnaire and Gap‑Kalamazoo CS Assessment Form (with some modification) were used for knowledge and skill’s assessment, respectively. At the end of the module, feedback was collected from the participants. Data were tabulated and results were compared and interpreted. Results: Mean score and standard deviation for knowledge assessment were 5.29 ±1.35, 9 ±1.20 and 8.55 ±0.97 in T1, T2, and T3 and for skills’ score were 17.78 ±4.89, 26.32 ±5.04 and 30.77 ±3.66 in SA1, SA2, and SA3, respectively. Most participants showed improvement in T2 with mean improvement score (T2–T1) of 79.57 ±47.25 and mean retention score (T3–T1) of 71.9 ±47.84. About 52% of participants showed deterioration in T3 with late deterioration score (T3–T2) of−4.06±11.42. 33% showed no change in knowledge, i.e., they retained their improvements, whereas 15% showed further improvement. Fifty‑two percent of participants showed skills’ improvement by scores of 7–12, 43% showed retention by 13–18, and late deterioration was shown by 82%, their scores dropped by 0–6. Conclusion: The training module was successfully implemented, and participants appreciated this type of participant centric assessment‑based teaching learning module. They learned about the effective ways of communication in a fun manner and were determined to apply all that they have learned

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218002


Background: Theory lectures in pharmacology are covering various oral and parenteral routes of drug administration, mainly focusing on knowledge domain, but soft and psychomotor skills were less taught in undergraduate students. Demonstrating correct method of subcutaneous route of drug administration and communication skills as introduced by competency-based medical education (CBME) competency-based curriculum will help in early acquisition of the skills and minimize the errors in administration in insulin, heparin, and vaccines. Aim and Objectives: The aims of this study were to teach the subcutaneous drug administration (S/C) and communication skills to undergraduate students in pharmacology and to evaluate the perception of students and teachers toward new CBME curriculum. Materials and Methods: Correct technique of subcutaneous drug administration was demonstrated on mannequins after browsing through the videos of S/C route. Students were told to perform it independently on mannequins. Perception of students and staff members were collected with pre-validated questionnaire provided after the practical teaching hours. Results: In our study, majority of students (94%) felt that learning S/C route of drug administration correctly will help in managing various patients like administration of insulin in diabetic patients in their near future days. They were well advanced in communicating with patients regarding usage of medications and were (90%) also in favor of introduction of this experiment in UG curriculum. Conclusions: Our study concluded that subcutaneous teaching technique introduced by CBME curriculum in practical classes was well accepted by students and were more confident in soft skills and psychomotor skills at the end of the study.

Indian J Med Ethics ; 2022 Dec; 7(4): 321-322
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222691


Medical schools train us to be brilliant academicians and diagnosticians. But as physicians, we must never belittle patient communication nor be inconsiderate in our approach to patient care. Communication as a skill gets neglected in postgraduate training as young doctors chase procedural and diagnostic excellence. It is high time we make amends

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-221986


Background: Improvements in healthcare providers’ communication skills have been linked to more effective healthcare delivery, improved patient compliance, better patient and provider satisfaction, and fewer lawsuits. Cinemeducation is a relatively new method of medical education where movies or movie clips are used to stimulate discussions and reflections, which is a part of an active learning process. Hence, the present study was undertaken. Methods: We conducted an educational research, mixed method study among the MBBS 1st Professional students. A pre & post test to assess the knowledge and attitude of the students about the importance of communication skills in doctor-patient relationship. Students wrote the reflection and feedback after watching the movie clip. Quantitative analysis was done using paired t test by SPSS v. 20. Qualitative data analysis was done by two investigators independently. Results: The pre & post test for knowledge was statistically significant while communication skill attitude scale score for both positive & negative was not significant. Conclusion: The student’s knowledge improved significantly after the sessions on communication skills, while negligible change in attitude was observed. Reflective writing by the students shows that cinemeducation can be used as one of the tool for teaching communication skills to the medical students.

J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 8(4): 247-257, oct.2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443240


INTRODUCION Estos últimos años la Educación Superior ha tenido que incorporar en su curricular el desarrollo de habilidades comunicacionales, siendo actualmente considerada por la Asociación de Colegios Médicos Americanos (AAMC), Asociación Americana de Escuelas de Medicina(AAME) y Escuela de aprendizaje, conductual y de habilidades (EACH) como una competencia básica del profesional del área salud y que en ocasiones determina el éxito o fracaso del proceso asistencial, existiendo evidencia que el proceso comunicativo que se da en los centros de atención médica referida a la interacción médico-paciente determina la precisión del diagnóstico, toma de decisiones y adherencia del tratamiento que permite una excelente práctica médica. Frente a esta necesidad las Universidades han implementado diversas actividades realizadas en países anglosajones que deben ser ajustadas a las necesidades y contexto social chileno.

In recent years, Higher Education has had to incorporate in its curriculum the development of communication skills, being currently considered by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), American Association of Medical Schools (AAME) and School of Learning, Behavioral and Skills (EACH) as a basic competence of the health professional and that sometimes determines the success or failure of the care process, there is evidence that the communicative process that occurs in health care centers related to doctor-patient interaction determines the accuracy of diagnosis, decision making and adherence to treatment that allows excellent medical practice. Faced with this need, the Universities have implemented various activities carried out in Anglo Saxon countries that must be adjusted to the needs and social context of Chile

Humans , Physician-Patient Relations , Students, Medical , Health Communication , Chile , Curriculum , Education, Medical
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-217275


Background: Effective communication is a key feature of optimal doctor-patient relationship. As the postgraduate curriculum lacks standardized teaching and assessment, this study aimed to assess effec-tiveness of training program on communication skills of postgraduate medical students. Materials and methods: A prospective, interventional study was conducted among first year postgrad-uate medical students from different clinical specialty. Training program included introduction to prin-ciples of communication with basics of doctor-patient relationship, administering informed consent, breaking bad news and counselling patients with HIV/cancer. Pre and post-test skill assessment by Fac-ulty and postgraduate (PG) self-rating was carried out using KEECC-A Assessment tool for seven core communication competencies. Perception of students on training program was collected via feedback questionnaire. Results: Forty-three postgraduate medical students participated. Statistically significant increase in communication skills scores was observed post training with mean post-test assessment scores of 24.26�94, p<0.001(rating by faculty), 25.19�76, p<0.001(PG self-rating) and high degree of internal consistency was found. Students perceived the training program as valuable and highlighted its im-portance as a part of curriculum. Conclusion: Training program significantly enhanced communication skills of postgraduate medical students. Integration of standardized teaching and assessment of communication skills is essential for better healthcare practice and optimal doctor-patient relationship.

Indian J Med Ethics ; 2022 Jun; 7(2): 152-153
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222664


Can a young doctor without training in communication skills use empathy as a compass for making ethical decisions? This narrative reflects on a young boy left alone with a paralyzed dying father after six months of ‘free’ but futile treatment. Protocols should be weighed against prognosis and priorities when the disease is incurable.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-217444


Background: Theory classes in pharmacology are taking care of teaching of various oral and parenteral routes of drug administration, mainly focusing on knowledge domain but soft and psychomotor skills are under taught or deficient in undergraduate students. Demonstrating correct method of intramuscular route of drug administration and communication skills as introduced by competency based medical education (CBME) competency-based curriculum, will help in early acquisition of the skills and minimize the errors in administration. Aim and Objectives: The aim of the study is to teach the IM drug administration and communication skills to undergraduate students in pharmacology and to evaluate the perception of students and teachers toward new CBME curriculum. Materials and Methods: Correct technique of intramuscular drug administration was demonstrated on mannequins after going through the videos of IM. Students were told to perform it independently on mannequins. Perception of students and staff members were collected with pre-validated questionnaire provided after the practical teaching hour. Results: In our study, the majority of students (96%) felt that learning IM route of drug administration correctly will help in managing the patients in their near future days. They were well advanced in communicating with patients regarding usage of medications and were (86%) also in favor of introduction of this experiment in UG curriculum. Conclusions: Our study concluded that IM teaching technique introduced by CBME curriculum in practical classes was well accepted by students and were more confident in soft skills and psychomotor skills at the end of the study.

Rev. científica memoria del posgrado. ; 3(1): 42-50, 2022. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401922


OBJETIVO. Construir y validar un Caso Clínico Simulado-Online (CCS-Online) como herramienta de evaluación de Habilidades Clínicas de Comunicación (HCC) y Razonamiento Clínico (RC) en un Examen de Competencias Objetivamente Estructurado (ECOE) dirigido a estudiantes de medicina de la asignatura de Ginecología. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS. Estudio cuantitativo descriptivo, en una prueba piloto se puso a consideración de jueces expertos y estudiantes un Caso Clínico Simulado-Online (CCS-Online) con 3 componentes básicos del diseño de Casos Clínicos Simulados con fines evaluativos: 1) Correlación entre objetivos de la evaluación y la herramienta evaluativa, 2) Coherencia interna de los elementos que conforman el CCS y 3) Fidelidad del Escenario Simulado, todos ellos recogidos en un cuestionario estructurado de 16 elementos, con asignación de rangos ordinales del 1 al 5 en una escala de Likert. Se utilizó el coeficiente Kappa de Fleiss y la escala de Landis para determinar el grado de acuerdo y la fuerza de concordancia entre los expertos consultados; y el test U de Mann-Whitney para comparar diferencias entre grupos. RESULTADOS. Jueces expertos y estudiantes concuerdan que el instrumento CCS-Online contiene en su diseño componentes y elementos que permiten evaluar las competencias de RC y HCC en un escenario virtual (Kappa 0,688 /0,757 p<0,001). La valoración media global fue de 4,65/5 y 4,41/5, para jueces y estudiantes respectivamente. CONCLUSION. Jueces expertos y estudiantes calificaron al CCSOnline como una herramienta de evaluación que cumple con un buen nivel los criterios de diseño necesarios para evaluar las competencias de Habilidades Clínicas de Comunicación (HCC) y el Razonamiento Clínico (RC) en el área de Ginecología.

OBJECTIVE. Build and validate a Simulated Clinical Case-Online (SCC-Online) as an evaluation tool for Clinical Communication Skills (CCS) and Clinical Reasoning (CR) in medical students of Gynecology, in an Objectively Structured Competency Examination (OSCE). Material and methods. Quantitative descriptive study, in a pilot test a Simulated Clinical Case-Online (SCC-Online) was submitted to the judment of a group of expert judges and students, the following 3 basic components of the design of Simulated Clinical Cases were presented 1) Correlation between the evaluation objectives and the evaluation tool, 2) Internal coherence of the elements that make up the SCC and 3) Fidelity of the Simulated Scenario, all of them collected in a structured questionnaire of 16 elements, with assignment in an ordinal ranks from 1 to 5 on a Likert scale. The Fleiss Kappa coefficient and the Landis scale were used to determine the degree of agreement and the strength of concordance between the experts consulted; and the Mann-Whitney U test to compare differences between groups. RESULTS. Expert judges and students agree that the SCC-Online is an instrument that contains in its design components and elements that allow the evaluation of CR and CCS competencies in a virtual scenario (Kappa 0.688 /0.757 p<0.001). The overall mean score was 4.65/5 and 4.41/5, for judges and students, respectively. CONCLUSION. Expert judges and students qualified the SCC Online as a good level evaluation tool, that meets the necessary design criteria to evaluate Clinical Communication Skills and Clinical Reasoning competences in the area of Gynecology.

Simulation Exercise , Students
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1893-1897, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936498


OBJECTIVE To summariz e the expe rience of the ability training of prescription-auditing pharmacists in prescription pre-audit,and introduce the typical cases of the prescription-auditing pharmacists participating in the drug intervention. METHODS From October ,2020 to October ,2021,under the audit mode of “prescription pre-audit system+prescription-auditing pharmacists ” adopted by Yuxi People ’s Hospital (hereinafter referred to as “the hospital ”),the abilities of prescription-auditing pharmacists were cultivated from the aspects of training in pharmaceutical related professional knowledge ,training in the use of Chinese and English medical retrieval tools ,databases and websites ,and clinical thinking and communication ability ;through the construction of ability evaluation form of prescription-auditing pharmacists ,their abilities were assessed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS After one year ’s ability training ,the rational rate of prescription (doctor’s order ),the proportion of doctors ’active revision of problem prescription (doctor’s order )and the doctor ’s acceptance rate of intervention by prescription-auditing pharmacists showed an upward trend ,the average time of irrational prescription (doctor’s order )by prescription-auditing pharmacists showed a shortening trend ,and the intervention rate of prescription (doctor’s order )showed a downward trend. In addition to the publication of papers (belonging to the bonus item ),the average score of the ability evaluation form of prescription-auditing pharmacists had significantly increased , from 45.2 in October 2020 to 97.6 in October 2021.

Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283195


Aims: clinical communication (CC) relates to health professionals' interaction with patients/families. CC is fundamental for the physicians' role. This paper aims to contribute to the discussion about reflection and feedback for meaningful teaching and learning of CC. Methods: the authors provided a short review and conceptual discussion of the history and nature of CC teaching, followed by exploring the role of reflection and feedback in teaching CC. Results: communicating well can be challenging as it requires medical students and professionals to adapt their communication to each patient/family while obtaining all the needed information, conveying trustworthiness, care, and compassion. The teaching of CC to medical students involves deepening the doctor-patient relationship's technical, relational, and emotional elements. CC requires teaching that is flexible and tailored to the participants' needs. Therefore, teaching CC must go beyond asking the appropriate question or applying specific checklist-based behaviours. In teaching CC, it is crucial to give medical students support to discuss personal and institutional barriers and attitudes and explore how to transfer their learning to clinical practice. To that end, reflection should be encouraged to allow students to express difficulties and feelings and enhance their understanding of themselves and others. Within this process, feedback is essential to moving beyond skill-based teaching to reflection-based learning. Conclusion: the move from skills-based learning requires using reflective processes and feedback to allow students to learn about their communication tendencies and needs to become more flexible and attuned to different patient's needs in clinical encounters.

Objetivos: a comunicação clínica (CC) está relacionada à interação entre profissionais de saúde e pacientes ou familiares, sendo fundamental para prática médica. Este artigo tem como objetivo contribuir para a discussão sobre reflexão e feedback no ensino e aprendizagem significativos de CC. Métodos: os autores realizaram uma breve revisão e discussão conceitual da história e da natureza do ensino do CC, seguida pela exploração do papel da reflexão e do feedback no ensino de CC. Resultados: comunicar-se bem pode ser desafiador, pois exige que os estudantes de medicina e profissionais adaptem sua comunicação a cada paciente/família enquanto obtêm todas as informações necessárias, transmitindo confiabilidade, cuidado e compaixão. O ensino do CC para estudantes de medicina envolve o aprofundamento de elementos técnicos, relacionais e emocionais da relação médico-paciente. A CC requer um ensino flexível e adaptado às necessidades dos estudantes. Portanto, ensinar CC deve ir além de fazer a pergunta apropriada ou aplicar comportamentos específicos baseados em listas de verificação. No ensino do CC, é crucial dar aos estudantes de medicina apoio para discutir as barreiras e atitudes pessoais e institucionais e explorar como transferir seu aprendizado para a prática clínica. Para tanto, deve-se estimular a reflexão para permitir que os alunos expressem dificuldades e sentimentos e ampliem sua compreensão de si e dos outros. Nesse processo, o feedback é essencial para ir além do ensino baseado em habilidades para o aprendizado baseado em reflexão. Conclusão: a mudança de uma aprendizagem baseada em habilidades requer o uso de um processo reflexivo e feedback para permitir que os alunos aprendam sobre si, assim como, sobre se tornarem mais flexíveis e sintonizados com as diferentes necessidades do paciente nos encontros clínicos.

Students, Medical , Teaching , Communication , Health Personnel , Education
CoDAS ; 33(5): e20200244, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286126


ABSTRACT Purpose Assess the effectiveness of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) interventions in patients with CP and to reveal determinant variables of main intervention outcomes: receptive and expressive language. Research strategies The search was performed in following databases: MEDLINE (Ovid); PubMed (NLM); Embase (Ovid); Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews; Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature; Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials; Health Technology Assessment database and PEDro. Selection criteria Full-text and peer-reviewed studies in English studying the effectiveness of AAC in patients with cerebral palsy were included. Studies with patients (<18 years) diagnosed with CP were included. Data analysis A narrative analysis was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of AAC methods. A random-effects model meta-analysis was used to assess determinants of AAC intervention outcomes. Results The online database and manual reference search revealed 445 records. Nine studies investigating a total of 294 subjects with CP met predefined eligibility criteria: 4 studies with single subject, multiple baseline research designs, 3 longitudinal cohort studies, 1 case control study and 1 case series. Results revealed moderate-quality evidence that AAC interventions improve the receptive and expressive communication skills in patients with CP. The random-effects model meta-analysis revealed the power of identified determinant variables affecting the AAC intervention outcomes. Conclusion Diversity of CP patients requires proper analysis of determinant variables to ensure the efficacy of AAC assessment and intervention. More studies of high methodological and practical quality assessing the efficacy of AAC interventions are needed to clarify the evidence.

Humans , Cerebral Palsy/complications , Case-Control Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Communication , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Clinics ; 76: e1706, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278935


OBJECTIVES: The search for appropriate tools to assess communicational skills remains an ongoing challenge. The Calgary-Cambridge Observation Guide (CCOG) 28-item version can measure and compare performance in communication skills training. Our goal was to adapt this version of the CCOG for the Brazilian cultural context and perform a psychometric quality analysis of the instrument. METHODS: Experienced preceptors (35) assessed videos of five medical residents with a simulated patient using the translated guide. For the cultural adaptation, we followed the methodological norms on synthesis, retro-translation, committee review, and testing. We obtained validity evidence for the CCOG 28-item version using confirmatory factor analysis and the Many-Facet Rasch Model (MFRM). RESULTS: Confirmatory factor analysis indicated an adequate level of goodness-of-fit. The MFRM reliability coefficient was high in all facets, namely assessors (0.90), stations (0.99), and items (0.98). The assessors had greater difficulty with attitudinal items, such as demonstration of respect, confidence, and empathy. CONCLUSIONS: The psychometric indicators of the tool were adequate, a good potential for reproducing its Brazilian version as well as acceptable reliability for its use.

Humans , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Psychometrics , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972012


Background@#The skill of active listening is important in the diagnosis and management of patients by physicians.@*Objective@#The aim of the study was to determine the self-assessed active listening skills and attitude among resident physicians in a tertiary hospital in Iloilo City.@*Methods@#This is a cross sectional study which recruited all sixty-two resident physicians of the different residency training programs of Iloilo Mission Hospital. The participants answered a self-administered questionnaire in January 2020. Data entry and data analysis were done using Microsoft Excel and SPSS. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the level of active listening skills and attitude of the respondents. ANOVA, T-test, and Pearson chi square at alpha level 0.05 were used to determine the association between the variables.@*Results@#Majority (87%) of resident physicians had medium level of active listening skills and attitude based on their Active Listening Attitude Scale (ALAS) score. The remaining 13% had high ALAS score. There was no socio-economic variable that was found to be associated with ALAS score.@*Conclusions@#The resident physicians of Iloilo Mission Hospital have a medium to high level of active listening skills and attitude. The respondents believe that having good active listening skills will help them deal with their patients and honing such skills should be encouraged during residency training.

Self-Assessment , Attitude , Tertiary Care Centers , Physicians
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213157


Background: Healthcare professionals are at the receiving end of a large number of violent incidents directed against them. One of the reasons cited is the abysmal levels of communication skills of young qualified doctors. We feel there is an urgent need for training them in this area of behavioral skill.Methods: It was a quantitative interventional study. We measured the communication skills before and after training, by a scale devised for the study and pre validated by peers and piloted as a project.Results: The training is effective in improving their knowledge and communication skills giving them confidence to face the challenges of day to day clinical work in surgical setting.Conclusions: This small training module on consent taking needs to be incorporated in the internship training. Faculty need to be sensitised regarding improvement of communication skills and knowledge of the students by adopting this training module and workplace based assessment for all surgical interns.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-207736


Background: “Communication with patients” is an important skill needed for every physician in their clinical practice.  These soft skills are required in dealing with patients at every step which include history taking from the patients, explaining them the diagnosis, the prognosis of the disease with associated complications. Dealing with empathy, taking informed consent, explaining the operative procedure and the complications associated with surgery, the art of breaking bad news are the mandatory skills for a good clinician. Labouring women like other patients also require special attention and empathy. So, the residents working in labor room need commitment to develop these soft skills in order to improve the labor room experience of expectant mothers. Objective of this study was to analyse role of a formal training in labor room communication skills among post graduate students of the department of obstetrics and gynecology.Methods: Faculty and students’ sensitization was done after approval from institutional ‘ethics committee’ for conducting this study. Pre-workshop assessment of residents for communication skills attitude and effective communication was done through ‘communication skill attitude scale’ (CSAS) and ‘GAP-KALAMAZOO scale’. Workshop for communication skills on the framework of Calgary Cambridge patient interview model and online teaching of students through what’s app videos, role-play demonstrations was followed by reassessment of the residents through above used scales.Results: Results depicted both improvements in attitude and effective communication skills among residents. 100% of the students were convinced and opined that good communication skills necessary for perfect clinical practice.Conclusions: The skill to communicate with patients is a fine art and needs to be mastered to be a good clinician. A formal training in effective communication skills is absolutely necessary to bring professionalism in medical practice.

Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 24: e200030, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101232


O ensino de habilidades de comunicação é indispensável aos profissionais de saúde. Este estudo objetivou identificar instrumentos validados no português do Brasil que avaliam habilidades de comunicação de estudantes ou profissionais da saúde. Para tanto, foi realizada uma revisão de escopo que incluiu estudos de validação de instrumentos para avaliação de habilidades de comunicação de estudantes/profissionais da área da Saúde. Foram identificados quatro instrumentos, traduzidos e validados para o português do Brasil. Validação de conteúdo, validação de construto e o teste de consistência interna foram realizados com maior frequência. Esta revisão identificou um número reduzido de instrumentos para avaliar habilidades de comunicação e dados limitados de validade e confiabilidade dos instrumentos.(AU)

Teaching communication skills to health professionals is extremely important. This study aimed to identify instruments validated for Brazilian Portuguese that assess communication skills of health students or professionals. We carried out a scoping review that included validation studies of instruments for assessing communication skills of students/professionals from the area of Health. Four instruments were identified, translated into Brazilian Portuguese and validated for this language. Content validation, construct validation and the internal consistency test were the most frequently performed ones. This review identified a reduced number of instruments to assess communication skills and limited data about the instruments' validity and reliability.(AU)

La enseñanza de habilidades de comunicación es indispensable para los profesionales de la salud. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar instrumentos validados en portugués de Brasil que evalúan habilidades de comunicación de estudiantes o profesionales de la salud. Para ello, se realizó una revisión de alcance que incluyó estudios de validación de instrumentos para evaluación de habilidades de comunicación de estudiantes/profesionales del área de la salud. Se identificaron cuatro instrumentos, traducidos y validados al portugués de Brasil. La validación de contenido, la validación del constructo y el test de consistencia interna se realizaron con mayor frecuencia. Esta revisión identificó un número reducido de instrumentos para evaluar habilidades de comunicación y datos limitados de validez y confiabilidad de los instrumentos.(AU)

Humans , Health Education/methods , Clinical Competence , Communication , Delivery of Health Care , Educational Measurement/methods , Students, Health Occupations , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Health Personnel
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 19(3): 644-664, dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1045989


O presente estudo, de delineamento explanatório sequencial, corte transversal e abordagem mista, buscou caracterizar o acesso e a qualidade da informação recebida sobre sexo e sexualidade nos contextos familiar e escolar a partir da perspectiva de adolescentes. Os participantes foram adolescentes do 6º ao 9º ano do ensino fundamental de duas escolas de São Leopoldo e quatro de Porto Alegre. Na etapa quantitativa, 253 jovens responderam ao Questionário de Dados Sociodemográficos e Comportamentos Sexuais, enquanto que na etapa qualitativa foram realizados grupos focais. Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente e por análise temática, destacando-se dois grandes temas: 1) fontes e limites de acesso às informações sobre sexo e sexualidade e 2) vieses da comunicação. A média de iniciação sexual foi de 13,7 anos (DP=1,33) e o uso inconsistente de preservativo foi relatado por 40% dos participantes. Em conjunto, os dados sugerem uma lacuna entre a transmissão de informações sobre sexo e sexualidade nos contextos investigados e o comportamento preventivo dos adolescentes, revelando o escopo reduzido de temáticas abordadas, sentimentos de constrangimento e atitudes sexistas e homofóbicas. Destaca-se a necessidade de investimento em capacitação de profissionais para a realização da educação sexual na escola, visando atender não somente os adolescentes, mas também suas famílias.(AU)

The present study, with a sequential explanatory delineation, cross - sectional and mixed approach, sought to characterize the access and quality of information received about sex and sexuality in family and school contexts from the perspective of adolescents. The participants were adolescents from the 6th to the 9th year of elementary school in two schools in São Leopoldo and four in Porto Alegre. In the quantitative stage, 253 young people answered the Questionnaire on Socio-demographic Data and Sexual Behaviors, while in the qualitative phase, focus groups were performed. The data were analyzed statistically and by thematic analysis, highlighting two main topics: 1) sources and limits of access to information about sex and sexuality and 2) communication bias. The average sexual initiation was 13.7 years (SD = 1.33), and inconsistent condom use was reported by 40% of participants. Together, the data suggest a gap between the transmission of information about sex and sexuality in the contexts investigated and the adolescents' preventive behavior, highlighting the reduced scope of the issues addressed, feeling of embarrassment and sexist and homophobic attitudes. It is important to emphasize the need for investment in training professionals to carry out sex education at school, in order to serve not only adolescents, but also their families.(AU)

El presente estudio, de delineamiento explicativo secuencial, corte transversal y abordaje mixto, buscó caracterizar el acceso y la calidad de la información recibida sobre sexo y sexualidad en los contextos familiar y escolar desde la perspectiva de adolescentes. Los participantes fueron adolescentes del 6º al 9º año de la enseñanza fundamental de dos escuelas de São Leopoldo y cuatro de Porto Alegre. En la etapa cuantitativa, 253 jóvenes respondieron al Cuestionario de Datos Sociodemográficos y Comportamientos Sexuales, mientras que en la etapa cualitativa se realizaron grupos focales. Los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente y por análisis temático, destacándose dos grandes temas: 1) fuentes y límites de acceso a las informaciones sobre sexo y sexualidad y 2) sesgos de la comunicación. El promedio de iniciación sexual fue de 13,7 años (DP = 1,33), y el uso inconsistente de preservativo fue reportado por el 40% de los participantes. En conjunto los datos sugieren una laguna entre la transmisión de información sobre sexo y sexualidad en los contextos investigados y el comportamiento preventivo, revelándose el escaso de temáticas abordadas, sentimiento de constreñimiento y actitudes sexistas y homofóbicas. Se destaca la necesidad de inversión en capacitación de profesionales para la realización de la educación sexual en la escuela, buscando atender no sólo a los adolescentes, sino también a sus familias.(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Sex Education , Sexuality , Adolescent , Condoms/statistics & numerical data
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-201843


Background: Effective communication plays a crucial role in establishing strong Doctor patient relationship which plays a dominant role in the treatment. Since Attitude forms the basis for the behaviour, the attitude of the students towards learning communication skills have major impact on developing effective communication skills. The objective of this study is to assess the level of attitude of medical students towards learning communication skills.Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted over 2 months among first to 4th year medical students in Karpaga Vinayaga Institute of Medical College and Research Centre, Kancheepuram using communication skills attitude scale. Data regarding the attitude and various socio demographic profile were collected through self-administered questionnaire. Hierarchical cluster analysis and K mean cluster analysis was done and Chi square test applied to find out association between the attitude and demographic variables.Results: With K mean cluster analysis, 183 students (47.9%) had high and 52.1% had moderate attitude towards learning communication skills. There is no significant association between socio demographic profiles and attitude towards learning communication skills except for the year of study and the gender.Conclusions: Overall all the students showed positive attitude towards learning communication skills, however there was decrease in level of attitude with higher the year of study.