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1.
Rev. Asoc. Med. Bahía Blanca ; 30(1): 4-8, 20 de junio de 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1099861

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de una paciente mujer de 63 años de edad, que por epigastralgia severa acompañada de náuseas y sudoración, cursa internaciones en noviembre de 2017 y en febrero de 2018. Como antecedentes de enfermedad cercana, en 2015 presentó un infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM) inferolaterodorsal por disección de la arteria circunfleja. Los estudios post IAM mostraron buena performance miocárdica. En ambas internaciones, la paciente fue evaluada en Unidad Coronaria (UCO) y en Clínica Médica detectándose leve aumento de transaminasas con fosfatasa alcalina (FAL), electrocardiograma (ECG) y Troponina T dentro de parámetros normales. En la primera internación, la ecografía abdominal y la ecoendoscopia biliar descartaron síndrome de la vía biliar y afección pancreática; las transaminasas hepáticas se normalizaron espontáneamente. Durante la segunda internación, y ante reiteración de la sintomatología, se sospechó afección vascular abdominal alta debido al antecedente de disección coronaria; por lo que se le solicitó Angiotomografía de tórax y de abdomen que confirmaron el diagnóstico de Síndrome del Ligamento Arcuato Medio diafragmático. Conclusiones: Los nuevos métodos complementarios de diagnóstico por imágenes permitieron realizar el diagnóstico de esta entidad poco sospechada. (AU)


The case of a 63-year-old female patient is presented, who -due to severe epigastric pain accompanied by nausea and sweating- was admitted to hospital in November 2017 and February 2018. In her medical history of recent disease, she had presented an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) inferolaterodorsal by circumflex artery dissection in 2015. Post-AMI studies showed good myocardial performance. In both hospitalizations, the patient was evaluated in the Coronary Unit (CU) and in the Medical Clinic, showing a slight increase in transaminases with alkaline phosphatase (AF); electrocardiogram (ECG) and Troponin T were within normal parameters. In her first hospitalization, abdominal ultrasound and echoendoscopy of the biliary system ruled out bile duct syndrome and pancreatic disease; liver transaminases normalized spontaneously. During the second hospitalization, and due to repeated symptoms, an upper abdominal vascular condition was suspected due to her history of coronary dissection. Therefore, chest and abdomen CT angiography were indicated which confirmed the diagnosis of diaphragmatic median arcuate ligament syndrome. Conclusions: The new complementary methods of diagnostic imaging allowed the diagnosis of this scarcely suspected syndrome. (AU)


Subject(s)
Female , Middle Aged , Computed Tomography Angiography , Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome/diagnostic imaging
2.
Kampo Medicine ; : 131-136, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843007

ABSTRACT

Uzushakusekishigan is a Kampo formula described in ‘Jin Gui Yao Lue' for treatment of “heart pain that spreads out to the back, or back pain that spreads to the heart.” We successfully treated three patients with this formula. Patient 1 was a 53-year-old man suffering from precordial pain which occurred after amputation of the right forearm;patient 2 was a 46-year-old man with epigastralgia that occurred after taking cold meals;and patient 3 was a 28-year-old woman suffering from epigastralgia accompanied with panic disorder. Epigastric discomfort and resistance occurred in all three cases, prompting us to prescribe this formula. There are few reports of successful application of uzushakusekishigan, and it is not clear what symptoms and pathologies are relevant when prescribing this formula. However, our findings strongly suggest that uzushakusekishigan should be considered when treating severe chest or abdominal pain.

3.
Kampo Medicine ; : 722-726, 2010.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-376138

ABSTRACT

Teian Azai classically described that summer heat was caused by humidity in addition to hot weather. It may occur after becoming chilled while asleep, enjoying the evening cool, and taking cold foods and drinks. Humidity and high temperature prevent <I>qi</I> circulation in the stomach. Therefore, he insisted that goreisan, a formula improving water circulation, could be applied for diverse symptoms caused by summer heat. We present two cases of patients with epigastralgia caused by cold foods and drinks in air-conditioned environments, whose symptoms were improved by goreisan. In prior treatment, anchusan in case1, and rikkunshito in case 2 were not effective for their epigastralgia. Nineteen cases of epigastralgia after taking cold foods and drinks in summer, including these two cases, revealed that goreisan was efficacious against summer epigastralgia with white fur on the tongue and a stuck feeling in the pit of the stomach. Abdominal fluid congestion is a major abdominal sign for an indication of goreisan, but a stuck feeling in the pit of the stomach presented in some effective cases with goreisan. We concluded that epigastralgia caused by cold foods and drinks with white fur on the tongue and a stuck feeling in the pit of the stomach could be a target for the application for goreisan.

4.
Kampo Medicine ; : 722-726, 2010.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361754

ABSTRACT

Teian Azai classically described that summer heat was caused by humidity in addition to hot weather. It may occur after becoming chilled while asleep, enjoying the evening cool, and taking cold foods and drinks. Humidity and high temperature prevent <i>qi</i> circulation in the stomach. Therefore, he insisted that goreisan, a formula improving water circulation, could be applied for diverse symptoms caused by summer heat. We present two cases of patients with epigastralgia caused by cold foods and drinks in air-conditioned environments, whose symptoms were improved by goreisan. In prior treatment, anchusan in case1, and rikkunshito in case 2 were not effective for their epigastralgia. Nineteen cases of epigastralgia after taking cold foods and drinks in summer, including these two cases, revealed that goreisan was efficacious against summer epigastralgia with white fur on the tongue and a stuck feeling in the pit of the stomach. Abdominal fluid congestion is a major abdominal sign for an indication of goreisan, but a stuck feeling in the pit of the stomach presented in some effective cases with goreisan. We concluded that epigastralgia caused by cold foods and drinks with white fur on the tongue and a stuck feeling in the pit of the stomach could be a target for the application for goreisan.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682320

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the action of Shugan Pills (SHGP) (Fructus Toosendan, Rhizoma corydalis, Radix Paloniae Albe, Radix Aucklandiae, Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis, Fructus Aurantii, etc.) on treatment of epigastralgia. METHODS: The analgesic effect was tested by the hot plate test and writhing method. The anti gastric ulcer action of SHGP was observed on the gastric ulcer induced by water immersion stress, reserpine and absolute ethyl alcohol. The effect on gastric secretion in rats was studied with pylorus ligation. The effect on gastrointestinal motility was observed by determination of gastric emptying and small intestinal propulsion ability in mouse. RESULTS: SHGP enhanced hot pain threhshold and decreased the number of twisting body in mouse. SHGP markedly inhibited gastric ulcer induced by water immersion stress, reserpine and absolute ethyl alcohol. SHGP significantly inhibited the secretion of gastric acid and pepsin and promoted the secretion of gastric mucus. SHGP markedly delayed gastric emptying in normal mouse and when gastric emptying and small intestinal propulsion was stimulated by neostigmine. SHGP faintly strengthed the effect of atropine on inhibition of gastrointestinal motility. CONCLUSION: Shugan Pills could have analgesic effect, anti gastric ulcer action, it inhibited the secrection of gastric juice and the activity of gastric smooth muscle. These effects might be the pharmacological mechanisms of SHGP on treatment of epigastralgia.

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