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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924534

ABSTRACT

The frozen elephant trunk technique (FET) for the treatment of acute aortic dissection is associated with more favorable remodeling in the descending aorta compared to those patients without FET, but it may also be associated with postoperative spinal cord injury (SCI) and actually,some postoperative SCI cases after FET are reported. Several risk factors for SCI are known and one of them is due to the occlusion of intercostal arteries from false lumen. A 71-year-old woman underwent total arch replacement with FET, but after surgery, she noticed decreased movement in both lower extremities and was suspected of postoperative paraplegia. She went through cerebrospinal fluid drainage but didn't get better at all. According to the preoperative contrast computed tomography images, seven out of ten intercostal arteries were originating from the false lumen and six of them were occluded after surgery. When most of intercostal arteries are originating from the false lumen and there is no entry inside the descending and abdominal aorta, the intercostal arteries may be occluded due to thrombosis of the false lumen and it may cause spinal cord ischemia after surgery.

2.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887267

ABSTRACT

The case is that of a 90-years-old man. A previous doctor performed abdominal graft replacement for an abdominal aortic aneurysm 5 years earlier and continued outpatient CT follow-up. Follow-up CT showed the right aortic arch and dilation of the thoracic aortic aneurysm, and the patient was referred to our hospital. Contrast-enhanced CT showed an aortic arch aneurysm ; the aneurysm diameter was 62 mm in major axis and 60 mm in minor axis, which was judged to be suitable for surgery. It was a rare right-sided aortic arch with no congenital heart malformation and no situs inversus. Endovascular treatment was considered because he was 90 years old and very elderly, but there were concerns about the risk of embolism, irregular manipulation and central landing. For the surgical method, we selected total arch replacement using a frozen elephant trunk technique. We succeeded in avoiding serious complications by selecting an appropriate treatment method through careful evaluation.

3.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886199

ABSTRACT

Objective: We examined complications of the downstream aorta after the frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure. Methods: Complications were diagnosed in eight patients: true aneurysm alone in five patients; type A aortic dissection in two patients; and both true aneurysm and type B aortic dissection in one patient. Results: Elective surgery was performed in seven patients. Five patients received a Matsui-Kitamura stent graft (MKS) and three patients received a J Graft Open Stent Graft (JGOSG). The FET procedure was successfully applied in all cases. Over the long term, dilatation of the descending thoracic aorta (dTA) alone was identified in two patients and dilatation of the dTA and migration was identified in three patients using the MKS. Complications of graft kinking and migration were seen in one patient and distal stent graft-induced new entry in two patients using the JGOSG. Thoracic aortic stent graft repair was successfully performed for complications in seven patients. Conclusion: For the improvement of clinical results, FET devices need to offer flexibility and appropriate radial force.

4.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873934

ABSTRACT

In aortic surgery involving shaggy aorta, surgical strategy to avoid embolism is crucial for each case. We applied the frozen elephant trunk technique to a patient with shaggy aorta. A 79-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for conservative treatment of acute Type B aortic dissection. Dissecting aneurysms of the aortic arch and descending aorta were shown to have rapidly dilated according to CT three weeks later. Preoperative contrast CT showed an ulcerated shaggy aorta from the aortic arch to the mid portion of the descending aorta. To utilize the benefit of the stent compared with the classical elephant trunk technique, we proposed that the frozen elephant trunk technique would be helpful in prevention of embolism. We therefore planned total arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique and performed thoracic endovascular aortic repair. We employed the frozen elephant trunk technique in the first operation and balloon protection of the superior mesenteric artery and the renal artery in the second operation. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course without thromboembolism. The frozen elephant trunk technique may be helpful for patients with shaggy aorta to avoid thromboembolic events.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2325-2332, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803003

ABSTRACT

Background@#The aortic arch replacement and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) are both associated with the early mortality after cardiothoracic surgery. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between CPB time and 90-day post-operative mortality in patients undergoing aortic arch surgery using the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique with selective ante-grade cerebral perfusion (SACP).@*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed data of 377 adult patients undergoing aortic arch surgery via FET with SACP from July 1, 2017 to December 31, 2018 at Beijing Anzhen Hospital. The baseline characteristics, intra-operative data, and post-operative data were collected. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to determine independent predictors of 90-day postoperative mortality.@*Results@#The 90-day post-operative mortality was 13.53%. The 78.51% of patients were men. There were 318 (84.35%) type A aortic dissections and 28 (7.43%) aortic aneurysms. Among those, 264 (70.03%) were emergency operations. Median CPB time was 202.0 (176.0, 227.0) min. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that CPB time was independently associated with 90-day post-operative mortality after adjusting confounding factors (hazard ratio: 1.21/10 min increase in CPB time, 95% confidence interval: 1.15–1.27, P < 0.001). Kaplan-Meier analysis based on CPB time tertiles revealed that the top tertile (median 236.0 min) was associated with reduced survival rate compared with middle and bottom tertiles (P < 0.001). Each sub-group analysis based on the complexity of the underlying disease process showed similar associations between CPB time and 90-day post-operative mortality.@*Conclusions@#CPB time remains a significant factor in determining 90-day post-operative mortality in patients undergoing aortic arch surgery using FET with SACP. Surgeons should be aware of the relationship between CPB time and 90-day post-operative mortality during operative procedures and avoid extended CPB time as far as possible.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756375

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the outcomes of the frozen elephant trunk implantation in patients with pseudoaneurysms of the distal aortic arch and descending aorta.Methods From March 2009 to December 2017,patients with pseudoaneurysms of the distal aortic arch and descending aorta who underwent the frozen elephant trunk implantation were enrolled.Patient demographic,preoperative,intraoperative,early morbidity and mortality data were collected from medical and electronic patient records.Clinical follow-up data,including late morbidity and mortality,were obtained by telephone interview with the patient.Results A total of 14 patients were included,13 males and 1 females,aged(41.0 ± 14.7) years.Early mortality rate was 7.14% (1/14).The cause of death was rupture of the distal descending thoracic aorta.The early complications included reexploration for bleeding in 1 patient and pericardial window for delayed pericardial effusion in 1 patient.The mean follow-up was(32.3 ± 22.3) months.There was 1 late death from severe pulmonary infection.Conclusion The frozen elephant trunk implantation is an appropriate therapeutic strategy for patients with pseudoaneurysms of the distal aortic arch and descending aorta.

7.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 37(1): 18-25, abr. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959334

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El compromiso simultáneo del arco aórtico y aorta descendente proximal, ya sea por disección o aterosclerosis, constituye uno de los mayores desafíos que puede enfrentar un cirujano cardiovascular. La prótesis híbrida Thoraflex, introducida en los últimos años, ha resultado ser una importante ayuda para el tratamiento quirúrgico de esta compleja y grave patología. Esta consiste en un tubo protésico de Dacron con 4 ramas, para el reemplazo del arco aórtico y sus troncos braquiocefálicos y perfusión corporal distal, y una endoprótesis que queda como "trompa de elefante suspendida" en la aorta descendente proximal. Presentamos en esta oportunidad nuestra experiencia inicial en 4 pacientes, 3 con disección aórtica crónica y una con un aneurisma aterosclerótico, usando la prótesis híbrida Thoraflex.


Abstract: Atherosclerotic aneurysm or dissection of the aortic arch and proximal descending thoracic aorta is one of the major challenges for a cardiovascular surgeon. The new hybrid prosthesis Thoraflex has become an important devise to simplify the surgical treatment of this very complex and technically demanding aortic pathology. This hybrid prosthesis consists of a 4-branched arch graft with a stent-graft at the distal end. The proximal part is a gelatin-coated woven polyester prosthesis. The stented section is a self-expanding endoprosthesis constructed of thin-walled polyester and nitinol ring stents that is left in the proximal descending aorta as a "frozen elephant trunk". We present our initial experience with the Thoraflex prosthesis in four patients, three of them with chronic aortic dissection and one with an atherosclerotic aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography , Aortic Dissection/diagnostic imaging
8.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688729

ABSTRACT

We report a case of operations using a hybrid technique for repeated extensive aortic aneurysm. A 71-year-old man had extensives aneurysms of the aortic arch and descending aorta. In the first operation, he had undergone thoracoabdominal aortic replacement with island repair for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (Crawford type 3) at age 64. Six years later, computed tomography showed an aortic aneurysm around the region of the island repair and penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (PAU). Therefore, he underwent abdominal debranching and thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) at 70 years old. At the same time, he had an extensive aortic arch aneurysm. Considering the complicated surgical history and the affected region, we judged that conventional graft replacement was difficult. So, in the third operation, we performed TEVAR for the descending aorta at 71 years old. One month later, total arch replacement (TAR) with a frozen elephant trunk (FET) was performed (4th operation). The patient was discharged home 22 days after the 4th operation. This strategy of operations using hybrid techniques for extensive aortic aneurysm may be useful in high risk cases of surgical procedures and postoperative complications.

9.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379351

ABSTRACT

<p>A-54-year-old man with an extensive dissecting thoracic aortic aneurysm underwent staged surgery which consisted of preceding total aortic arch replacement with the frozen elephant trunk technique using J Graft Open Stent Graft, followed by open descending aorta repair. During the second operation, a Dacron graft was anastomosed directly to the stent graft and the true lumen thus, the true lumen could be preserved around the stent graft. We herein discuss our approach in this case, focusing on prevention of bleeding from the elephant trunk.</p>

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39849

ABSTRACT

Complex lesions of the thoracic aorta are traditionally treated in 2 surgical steps with the elephant trunk technique. A relatively new approach is the frozen elephant trunk (FET) technique, which potentially allows combined lesions of the thoracic aorta to be treated in a 1-stage procedure combining endovascular treatment with conventional surgery using a hybrid prosthesis. These are very complex and time-consuming operations, and good results can be obtained only if appropriate strategies for myocardial, cerebral, and visceral protection are adopted. However, the FET technique is associated with a non-negligible incidence of spinal cord injury, due to the extensive coverage of the descending aorta with the excessive sacrifice of intercostal arteries. The indications for the FET technique include chronic thoracic aortic dissection, acute or chronic type B dissection when endovascular treatment is contraindicated, chronic aneurysm of the thoracic aorta, and chronic aneurysm of the distal arch. The FET technique is also indicated in acute type A aortic dissection, especially when the tear is localized in the aortic arch; in cases of distal malperfusion; and in young patients. In light of the great interest in the FET technique, the Vascular Domain of the European Association for cardio-thoracic Surgery published a position paper reporting the current knowledge and the state of the art of the FET technique. Herein, we describe the surgical techniques involved in the FET technique and we report our experience with the FET technique for the treatment of complex aortic disease of the thoracic aorta.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Diseases , Arteries , Elephants , Humans , Incidence , Prostheses and Implants , Spinal Cord Injuries , Tears
11.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378140

ABSTRACT

A 76-year-old man with hypertension had an enlarged distal aortic arch aneurysm with a maximum dimension of 55 mm. Coronary computed tomography angiogram showed none of stenosis in a coronary artery, but penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer at ascending aorta. We performed open surgical repair combination of ascending aortic replacement and less invasive quick open stenting (LIQS) to reduce operative risk, because of his advanced age. The operation was carried out without any complications (Operation time : 242 min, Cardiopulmonary bypass time : 154 min, Aortic cross clamp time : 71 min). The patient's postoperative course was unremarkable, and he was discharged 19 days after surgery. LIQS is effective to reduce operative risk for high-risk patients, and it can be easily combined with other procedures.

12.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-377504

ABSTRACT

The patient was a 37 year-old man. We diagnosed Loeys-Dietz syndrome based on his physical characteristics that were widely spaced eyes and brachycephaly etc. Since he developed De Bakey III b aortic dissection 3 months later, he needed surgical repair for saccular-shaped distal arch aortic aneurysm. We performed total aortic arch replacement for the aneurysm and valve-sparing aortic root reconstruction for dilatation of the Valsalva sinus. Furthermore we performed the frozen elephant trunk technique for residual aortic dissection at the same time. After 18 months from the operation, we were able to recognize by computed tomography that the false lumen of the aorta next to the stent graft was thrombosed and absorbed and finally disappeared. The stent graft treatment for patients with connective tissue disease might be an effective method and deserves more attention.

13.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362922

ABSTRACT

A 61-year-old man who had hypertension and renal dysfunction (serum creatinine : 1.5-2.0 mg/dl) was referred to our hospital for an abnormal shadow on chest roentgenogram. Chest CT scan with contrast revealed a distal aortic arch aneurysm (maximum diameter 52 mm) and left subclavian artery aneurysm (maximum diameter 30 mm). For the surgical treatment of the aneurysms, left hemi-collar incision and left subclavian incision followed by median sternotomy were performed. After the left subclavian artery was secured distal to the aneurysm, a ringed dacron graft was anastomosed with the distal left subclavian artery. Cardiopulmonary bypass was commenced, and selective cerebral perfusion was instituted at 25°C. The aorta was transected at the origin of the left common carotid artery. A 30 mm stent graft (length 13 cm) was inserted and was fixed on the transected aorta using 4-0 Prolene continuous suture. Then a branched dacron graft was sewn onto the transected aorta and the stent graft. The left common carotid artery and the brachiocephalic artery were anastomosed onto side branches of the graft. The left subclavian artery was reconstructed by anastomosing the ringed bypass graft onto one of the side branches. The left subclavian artery was ligated between the aneurysm and the origin of the vertebral artery, thereby interposing the subclavian artery aneurysm. After proximal anastomosis was done and the heart was reperfused, the patient was weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass. The patient was discharged without any major complication. Two years after the operation, the patient is doing well and there is no evidence of aneurysmal dilatation or endoleak. In conclusion, frozen elephant trunk technique provides an alternative to conventional graft replacement, resulting in complete exclusion of these aneurysms in a single stage. However, long-term follow up is warranted in order to ensure the durability of the stent graft.

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