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1.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826228

ABSTRACT

A 53-year old female was noted to have an enlarged heart on a medical checkup. A multislice computed tomography study demonstrated a giant coronary artery aneurysm measuring 10 cm in diameter and a coronary arteriovenous fistula, both located below the left atrium. Resection of the aneurysm and ligation of the feeding arteries and arteriovenous fistula were performed under cardiopulmonary bypass. As the native coronary sinus was occluded, we reconstructed the vessels draining from the aneurysm into the right atrium with an autologous pericardial patch to preserve the coronary venous blood flow. To our knowledge this is the first report of an autologous pericardial patch being successfully used to reconstruct the coronary venous flow during surgical treatment of a giant coronary artery aneurysm with a coronary arteriovenous fistula.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803165

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the characteristics of long-term changes in giant coronary artery aneurysm (GCAA) caused by Kawasaki disease (KD) and the technical approach of using selective coronary angiography (SCAG) in children.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was made in 52 patients with KD and GCAA in acute phase, including 38 males and 14 females with an average age of (4.1±2.5) years old ranging from 1 to 14 years old, from January 2008 to December 2018 at the Department of Cardiology, Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center.The selective coronary angiography (SCAG) was performed in the patients who were followed up for (10.6±3.6) years (1-19 years). The changes in coronary artery lesions were analyzed and the technical approach of SCAG was discussed in children.@*Results@#Among 52 patients investigated by SCAG, the location of coronary artery lesion was found the left-anterior descending branch in 21 cases(40.4%), 20 cases(38.5%) in the right coronary artery, 8 cases(15.4%) in the left main trunk and 3 cases(5.7%) in circumflex.The left coronary artery in 2 cases and the right coronary artery in 4 cases were completely occluded, and collateral vessel formation was found in 12 cases.There were 21 cases of right coronary artery stenosis, including 7 cases of the right coronary artery occlusion and bridge-like neovascularization, and 4 cases of the right coronary artery woven lesions (thrombotic occlusion and clustered neovascularization). There were 27 cases of the left coronary artery stenosis with different degrees, including 5 cases of the left coronary artery occlusion and bridge-like neovascularization, and 2 cases of the left coronary artery woven lesions (thrombotic occlusion and clustered neovascularization). All of 52 patients with GCAA were followed up for 1 to 19 years.GCAA still existed in 40 cases.Regression to small coronary artery aneurysm was found in 8 cases, and mild-dilation regression was observed only in 4 patients.The resting electrocardiogram showed pathological Q wave and the left ventricular enlargement in 6 cases, and normal in the remaining 46 patients.The children had no subjective symptoms and their activities were not restricted.Compared with SCAG, echocardiography detected 52 cases with proximal morphological changes in the coronary artery, but distal changes were found only in 3 cases.And 12 cases with coronary artery occlusion and neovascularization failed to be prompted by echocardiography.@*Conclusions@#GCAA induced by KD can persist for a long time, and has characteristics of coronary occlusion, stenosis, and collateral vessel formation.The conventional electrocardiogram and echocardiography are insensitive to the coronary artery morphology and dysfunction in KD sequelae.The SCAG is of great value in tracking this disease.For using SCAG in children, as long as the approp-riate equipment and projection angle are selected, and the operation skills are mastered, satisfactory images and high success rate can be obtained.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803163

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of Warfarin combined with Aspirin in the treatment of multiple medium and giant coronary artery aneurysms in Kawasaki disease(KD).@*Methods@#Clinical and follow-up data of 45 children diagnosed with KD complicated with multiple medium-sized and giant coronary artery aneurysms from April 2014 to December 2018 at Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center were collected.These children were divided into 2 groups.A total of 31 cases received regular oral Warfarin combined with Aspirin called experimental group.There were 14 patients treated with oral Aspirin and Clopidogrel called control group.General information, laboratory examination, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, outcome and bleeding complications of the 2 groups were analyzed retrospectively.@*Results@#(1) In experimental group, there were 22 patients found thrombosis under echocardiography.The 10 patients′ thrombosis disappeared, 5 patients′ thrombosis reduced, and 2 patients′ increased after treatment.In control group, there were 5 cases found thrombosis.The 2 cases′ thrombosis reduced and 3 cases′ throm-bosis increased.The number of thrombosis in experimental group was significantly reduced, and the number of new thrombosis was less than that in control group (χ2=6.454, P<0.05). (2) The number of coronary artery aneurysms in experimental group increased slowly than that in control group [12.90%(4/31 cases)vs.14.28%(2/14 cases)]. (3) The number of coronary artery aneurysms in experimental group decreased rapidly than that in control group [23.91%(11/46 cases)vs.10.00%(1/10 cases)]. (4) The number of cases of tumor retraction in experimental group was more than that in control group [74.19%(23/31 cases)vs.42.85%(6/14 cases)]. (5) During the followed-up, there was no abnormality in the blood phosphokinase isozyme and troponin, no abnormality in the electrocardiogram and echocardiogram, no ventricular enlargement and abnormal ventricular wall movement, and the ejection fraction value was within the normal range.No active bleeding and no death occurred in the two groups.@*Conclusions@#Warfarin combined with Aspirin is very safe and effective in the treatment of KD coronary tumor, it can reduce thrombosis effectively.Compared with oral Aspirin and Clopidogrel, Warfarin combined with Aspirin can reduce the number of multiple medium-sized and large coronary artery aneurysms and reduce the diameter of coronary artery aneurysms.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743476

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the treatment and follow-up of congenital coronary artery fistula (CAF) with giant coronary artery aneurysm (GCAA) in children.Methods The clinical data were analyzed retrospectively in 13 patients who were diagnosed as congenital CAF with GCAA between July 2009 and December 2016 in Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center.There were 8 boys and 5 girls.The median age was 18 months,ranging from 40 days to 12 years old.The body weight ranged from 3.8 kg to 29.0 kg with a median of 8.8 kg.Fistulas originated from right coronary artery accounted in 8 patients,with 5 from left coronary artery.Fistulas drained into right atrium in 3 patients,right ventricular in 8 patients and left ventricular in 2 patients.Single fistula occurred in 12 patients and multiple fistulas in 1 patient.The diameter of coronary artery aneurysm ranged from 8 mm to 16 mm with a median of 9.2 mm.Results One patient had tachypnea and growth retardation without heart murmur.The other 12 patients were asymptomatic with heart murmurs occasionally found in routine physical examination.One patient underwent fistula ligation without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).The remaining 12 cases received fistula correction with beating heart CPB.Direct suture was used in 10 patients and autologous pericardial patch in other 2 patients.Two patients were associated with atrial septal defect (ASD) and underwent repair of ASD concurrently.The coronary artery aneurysm remained original shape without any intervention during the operation.The mean hospital delay was (11.0 ± 2.5) days.Two patients had decreased ejection fraction as low as 38% within 3 days after the operation,but went up to over 50% in follow-up 1 month later.Transient T wave change occurred in 7 patients,and another 2 patients showed a residual shunt with size of 1 to 2 millimeters through the fistula without further intervention after the surgical closure.All 13 patients had antiplatelet therapy with 12 taking Aspirin and one taking Dipyridamole.The dosage was 3-5 mg/(kg · d) with duration ranging from 3 days to 13 months with a median of 1 month.During the perioperative period and the follow-up period (3 months to 8 years),all patients were asymptomatically alive.Transthoracic echocardiography showed normal cardiac function.Compared with preoperative status,the diameter of dilated coronary arteries was not changed after the operation.There was no formation of thrombus in the coronary arteries.Electrocardiography showed no ST-T changes or arrhythmia or myocardial ischemia.Conclusions GCAA can be combined with congenital CAF in children,so it needs early operation.The evidence-based intervention of coronary artery aneurysm and usage of anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy in pediatric patients was still lacking,which needs long-term follow-up.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823686

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of long-term changes in giant coronary artery aneurysm (GCAA) caused by Kawasaki disease (KD) and the technical approach of using selective coronary angiography (SCAG) in children.Methods A retrospective analysis was made in 52 patients with KD and GCAA in acute phase,including 38 males and 14 females with an average age of (4.1 ±2.5) years old ranging from 1 to 14 years old,from January 2008 to December 2018 at the Department of Cardiology,Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center.The selective coronary angiography (SCAG) was performed in the patients who were followed up for (10.6 ± 3.6) years (1-19 years).The changes in coronary artery lesions were analyzed and the technical approach of SCAG was discussed in children.Results Among 52 patients investigated by SCAG,the location of coronary artery lesion was found the left-anterior descending branch in 21 cases(40.4%),20 cases(38.5%) in the right coronary artery,8 cases (15.4%) in the left main trunk and 3 cases(5.7%) in cimumflex.The left coronary artery in 2 cases and the right coronary artery in 4 cases were completely occluded,and collateral vessel formation was found in 12 cases.There were 21 cases of right coronary artery stenosis,including 7 cases of the right coronary artery occlusion and bridge-like neovascularization,and 4 cases of the right coronary artery woven lesions (thrombotic occlusion and clustered neovascularization).There were 27 cases of the left coronary artery stenosis with different degrees,including 5 cases of the left coronary artery occlusion and bridge-like neovascularization,and 2 cases of the left coronary artery woven lesions (thrombotic occlusion and clustered neovascularization).All of 52 patients with GCAA were followed up for 1 to 19 years.GCAA still existed in 40 cases.Regression to small coronary artery aneurysm was found in 8 cases,and mild-dilation regression was observed only in 4 patients.The resting electrocardiogram showed pathological Q wave and the left ventricular enlargement in 6 cases,and normal in the remaining 46 patients.The children had no subjective symptoms and their activities were not restricted.Compared with SCAG,echocardiography detected 52 cases with proximal morphological changes in the coronary artery,but distal changes were found only in 3 cases.And 12 cases with coronary artery occlusion and neovascularization failed to be prompted by echocardiography.Conclusions GCAA induced by KD can persist for a long time,and has characteristics of coronary occlusion,stenosis,and collateral vessel formation.The conventional electrocardiogram and echocardiography are insensitive to the coronary artery morphology and dysfunction in KD sequelae.The SCAG is of great value in tracking this disease.For using SCAG in children,as long as the appropriate equipment and projection angle are selected,and the operation skills are mastered,satisfactory images and high success rate can be obtained.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823684

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of Warfarin combined with Aspirin in the treatment of multiple medium and giant coronary artery aneurysms in Kawasaki disease(KD).Methods Clinical and followup data of 45 children diagnosed with KD complicated with multiple medium-sized and giant coronary artery aneurysms from April 2014 to December 2018 at Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center were collected.These children were divided into 2 groups.A total of 31 cases received regular oral Warfarin combined with Aspirin called experimental group.There were 14 patients treated with oral Aspirin and Clopidogrel called control group.General information,laboratory examination,electrocardiogram,echocardiography,outcome and bleeding complications of the 2 groups were analyzed retrospectively.Results (1) In experimental group,there were 22 patients found thrombosis under echocardiography.The 10 patients' thrombosis disappeared,5 patients' thrombosis reduced,and 2 patients' increased after treatment.In control group,there were 5 cases found thrombosis.The 2 cases' thrombosis reduced and 3 cases' thrombosis increased.The number of thrombosis in experimental group was significantly reduced,and the number of new thrombosis was less than that in control group (x2 =6.454,P < 0.05).(2) The number of coronary artery aneurysms in experimental group increased slowly than that in control group [12.90% (4/31 cases) vs.14.28% (2/14 cases)].(3) The number of coronary artery aneurysms in experimental group decreased rapidly than that in control group [23.91% (11/46 cases)vs.10.00% (1/10 cases)].(4) The number of cases of tumor retraction in experimental group was more than that in control group [74.19% (23/31 cases)vs.42.85% (6/14 cases)].(5) During the followed-up,there was no abnormality in the blood phosphokinase isozyme and troponin,no abnormality in the electrocardiogram and echocardiogram,no ventricular enlargement and abnormal ventricular wall movement,and the ejection fraction value was within the normal range.No active bleeding and no death occurred in the two groups.Conclusions Warfarin combined with Aspirin is very safe and effective in the treatment of KD coronary tumor,it can reduce thrombosis effectively.Compared with oral Aspirin and Clopidogrel,Warfarin combined with Aspirin can reduce the number of multiple medium sized and large coronary artery aneurysms and reduce the diameter of coronary artery aneurysms.

7.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-378138

ABSTRACT

A 52-year old man was referred to our hospital for atrial fibrillation ablation therapy. A multislice computed tomography study demonstrated a giant coronary artery aneurysm situated just proximal to the left anterior descending (LAD), LAD stenosis and coronary-pulmonary artery fistula. The fistula was ligated and the aneurysm was resected under cardiopulmonary bypass. The left internal thoracic artery was used as a bypass graft to the LAD as well as a patch for closure of the LAD orifice to avoid left circumflex artery stenosis. We report a rare case of giant LAD aneurysm with coronary-pulmonary artery fistula.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733029

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether the warfarin and aspirin combination therapy can prevent cardiovascular events in patients with giant coronary artery aneurysm (GCAA) caused by Kawasaki disease (KD).Methods Children who had been diagnosed as GCAA secondary to KD in Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University between Jan.1998 and Aug.2012 were enrolled in this study.They were divided into the warfarin plus aspirin group (combination group) and aspirin group.The combination group used the therapy of warfarin and small dose aspirin in the long-term anticoagulation treatment,while the aspirin group used small dosage of aspirin without warfarin.Both groups were followed at the time points of 2nd week,1st month,3rd month,6th month,and 1st year after discharge of the acute stage.Then these children were followed every 6 months.Data on each followed-up included clinical manifestations,coronary artery aneurysm recovery situation and complications.Results (1) The onset age of GCAA caused by KD ranged from 3 months to 13 years and 3 months.Infants who were ≤ 1 year old and children who were ≥5 years old were more susceptible to this disease,their proportion were both 23.1% . (2) The distribution of GCAA in both groups were similar.GCAA most commonly occurred in the right coronary artery,then the left anterior descending coronary artery,and then the main trunk of left coronary artery,the left circumflex artery was rarely affected.(3) Coronary artery aneurysm in 17 cases(53.1%) retracted in the warfarin combined with aspirin group,while 5 cases(41.7%) in the aspirin group.Fifteen cases(46.9%) in the combination group hadn't obvious change,while the aspirin group got 7 cases (58.3 %).(4) During the follow-up,2 children (6.3 %) complicated with intracoronary thromboses in the combination group,while 3 cases(25.0%) in the aspirin group.One case(3.1%) in the combination group suffered myocardial infarction,while 3 cases (25.0%) in the asprin group.Two cases (16.7 %) in the aspirin group died,while none in the combination group.Coronary artery stenosis occurred in 2 cases (16.7%) in the aspirin group,while 1 case (3.1%) in the combination group.One child had coronary artery occlusion in the aspirin group,while none in the combination group.(5)The combination group had 1 case of serious bleeding event,subarachnoid hemorrhage.In addition,there were 8 cases of nasal bleeding,a total of 19 person-time.There was no serious bleeding event in the aspirin group,only 3 person-time small mount of nasal bleeding.Conclusions Althought warfarin plus aspirin therapy for the long-term anticoagulation treatment in GCAA caused by KD can not affect the retraction of GCAA,it may decrease the incidence of thrombosis,myocardial infarction and mortality.Bleeding complication is more common during the application of wafarin.Therefore the dose of warfarin should be tailored in various children according to the clinical situation,and bleeding complication should be monitored.

9.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362061

ABSTRACT

We report a case of a 64-year-old man who had a fistula from the right coronary artery to the right ventricle, with an asymptomatic giant coronary aneurysm. Multi-detector computer tomography showed an aneurysm from the sinus of Valsalva to the mid-right coronary artery (RCA). Its diameter was over 50 mm. We performed aneurysmectomy direct closure of the fistula, and coronary artery bypass graft with saphenous vein graft cardiopulmonary bypass. The enlarged RCA orifice was closed with a vascular prosthesis, and the postoperative course was uneventful.

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