Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 766
Braz. j. anesth ; 73(1): 108-111, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420638


Abstract Dural puncture is either diagnosed by unexpectedly profound response to medication test dose or development of a postpartum postural headache. Epidural blood patch is the gold standard for treatment of PDPH when conservative management fails. However, postpartum headaches can be resistant to multiple epidural blood patches. In such cases, preexisting intracranial processes should be considered and ruled out. We report here the unique case of a pregnant patient who developed a resistant headache in the postpartum period related to an incidental intracranial aneurysm. Subsequent treatment with endovascular embolization adequately relieved her symptoms. Early surgical consultation and a multidisciplinary team approach involving neurology and neuroimaging is required for successful management of patients such as the one described here.

Acta med. peru ; 39(3)jul. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419902


Introducción : Los aneurismas tipo blíster son aneurismas pequeños, complejos, menores de 3mm, con alta tasa de morbilidad y mortalidad, así como de resangrado y recurrencia. Son difíciles de tratar y se han propuesto técnicas microquirúrgicas y endovasculares, siendo estas últimas las de menor tasa de complicaciones. Caso Clínico : Mujer de 74 años, ingresa con 6 horas de evolución de trastorno de sensorio brusco. La tomografía muestra hemorragia subaracnoidea difusa a predominio izquierdo. Se le realiza una angiografía cerebral que evidencia un aneurisma blíster de la trifurcación de la arteria cerebral media izquierda. Se emboliza con técnica de remodeling y coils, logrando obliterar la totalidad del aneurisma. Conclusión : Los aneurismas tipo blíster son aneurismas complejos y raros, siendo la terapia endovascular una alternativa segura y eficaz con menor tasa de complicaciones.

Introduction : Blister-like aneurysms are small, complex, smaller than 3mm, with high rate of morbidity and mortality, as well as rebleeding and recurrence. They are difficult to treat and microsurgical and endovascular techniques are current treatment modalities. Endovascular technique has the lowest rate of complications. Clinical case : 74-year-old woman, admitted with 6 hours of sudden sensory disorder. The CT scan shows diffuse subarachnoid hemorrhage predominantly on the left side. A cerebral angiography showed a blister-like aneurysm of the left middle cerebral artery trifurcation. The patient was treated with coiling and remodeling technique, achieving a complete occlusion. Conclusion : Blister-like aneurysms are complex and rare, whereas endovascular therapy is a safe and effective alternative with low complication rate.

Rev. med. hered ; 33(3)jul. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424201


Objetivo: Determinar la utilidad de la angiografía intraoperatoria (AIO) para detectar lesiones residuales en casos de resección quirúrgica de malformaciones arteriovenosas (MAV) y aneurismas intracraneales. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, tipo serie de casos. Entre noviembre de 1993 y abril de 2001, se diagnosticaron 778 pacientes con patología vascular cerebral, de los cuales 477 fueron sometidos a cirugía. Se empleó AIO en 119 casos y se analizaron las variables clínicas y radiológicas. Resultados: Se analizaron 119 casos, 105 (88,2%) con MAV y 14 (11,8%) con aneurisma. La edad promedio fue de 35 años (rango 6 - 69) y el sexo masculino representó el 52% de los casos. La asociación entre MAV y aneurisma se encontró en 17 casos (14,3%). El aneurisma más frecuente fue el paraclinoideo gigante (71,3%), mientras que las MAV supratentoriales y Spetzler-Martin grado 3 representaron el 83,8% y 73,3% de los casos, respectivamente. Se demostró lesión residual en 7 casos, de los cuales 5 fueron nido residual de MAV y 2 casos aneurisma remanente. Las complicaciones relacionadas a la AIO fueron del 3,4% y mortalidad del 2,5%. Conclusiones: La AIO es una técnica útil para detectar lesiones residuales en patología vascular cerebral sometidas a cirugía abierta.

SUMMARY Objective: To determine the utility of intraoperative angiography (IOA) to detect residual lesions after surgical repair of arteriovenous malformations (AVM) and intracranial aneurysms (ICA). Methods: This is a case series including 778 patients from November 1993 to April 2001; of which 477 underwent surgical intervention. IOA was used in 119 cases. Results: A total of 119 cases were analyzed, 105 patients with AVM (88.2%) and 14 with an aneurysm (11.8%). The mean age was 35 years (range 6 - 69) and males represented 52% of the cases. Both AVM and aneurysms occurred in 17 cases (14.3%). Giant paraclinoid aneurysm was the most common aneurysm (71.3%), whereas supratentorial and grade 3 Spetzler-Martin AVM represented 83.3% and 73.3% of the cases, respectively. A residual lesion was was detected in 7 cases, of which 5 were residual nidus of an AVM and 2 remnant aneurysms. IOA-related complications occurred in 3.4% and mortality was 2.5%. Conclusions: IOA is a useful technique to detect residual cerebro-vascular lesions after open surgeries

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955841


Objective:To investigate the application value of early and late interventional embolization in intracranial aneurysms.Methods:Eighty-two patients with intracranial aneurysm who received treatment in Wenzhou People's Hospital from October 2015 to February 2020 were included in this study. These patients were divided into early (≤ 3 days) and late (> 3 days) groups, with 41 patients in each group, according to time from disease onset to surgery. The early group was subjected to early interventional embolization, and the late group was treated with late interventional embolization. The effects of embolization and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score pre- and post-treatment, as well as modified Barthel index, Mini-Mental State Exam score, matrix metalloproteinase-9 level, and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 level post-treatment and prognosis were compared between the two groups.Results:The embolization effects in the early group were statistically superior to those in the late group ( P = 0.046). After treatment, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score in the early group was significantly lower than that in the late group [(4.02 ± 1.64) points vs. (6.81 ± 2.02) points, t = 6.86, P < 0.01]. Mini-Mental State Exam score and modified Barthel index in the early group were (28.09 ± 1.35) points and (81.12 ± 9.67) points, respectively, which were significantly higher than (26.01 ± 1.19) points and (73.02 ± 8.19) points in the late group ( t = 7.40, 4.09, both P < 0.001). After treatment, matrix metalloproteinase-9 and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 levels in the early group were (420.33 ± 29.40) μg/L and (403.70 ± 23.28) ug/L, respectively, which were significantly lower than (491.30 ± 31.19) μg/mL and (496.37 ± 30.46) μg/L in the late group ( t = 10.60, 15.47, both P < 0.001). Prognosis in the early group was superior to that in the late group ( P = 0.049). Conclusion:Early interventional embolization has better efficacy than late interventional embolization in the treatment of intracranial aneurysm. The former can effectively improve neurological function and mental state, enhance living ability, and improve prognosis, which may be related to the regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 levels.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954174


Objective:To investigate the therapeutic effect of surgical clipping ruptured posterior communicating artery aneurysms (PCoAA) originating from fetal-type posterior cerebral artery (FPCA) via lateral supraorbital approach and the influencing factors of the outcomes.Methods:Patients with ruptured PCoAA originating from FPCA underwent surgical clipping via lateral supraorbital approach in the Cerebrovascular Center of Foshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 2017 to May 2020 were retrospectively enrolled. The Glasgow Outcome Scale was used to evaluate the outcomes of patients at 6 months after operation. 4-5 points were defined as good outcome, and 1-3 points were defined as poor outcome. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors for poor outcomes. Results:A total of 119 patients were enrolled, including 98 females (82.35%), aged 61.59±11.52 years old (range 32-78 years). Thirty patients (25.21%) had poor outcomes. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that age (odds ratio [ OR] 2.935, 95% confidence interval [ CI] 2.117-5.391; P=0.012), hypertension ( OR 2.016, 95% CI 1.568-4.335; P=0.023), Hunt-Hess grade ( OR 2.408, 95% CI 1.326-5.068; P<0.001), modified Fisher grade ( OR 3.034, 95% CI 2.201-5.517; P<0.001), aneurysm size ( OR 1.793, 95% CI 1.427-2.622; P=0.009), preoperative intracranial hematoma volume ( OR 1.246, 95% CI 1.055-2.153; P=0.011) and surgical timing ( OR 2.152, 95% CI 1.316-3.240; P=0.006) were the independent risk factors for poor outcomes of the patients. Conclusions:Surgical clipping via lateral supraorbital approach can effectively treat the ruptured PcoAA with FPCA. Patients with age >65 years, with a history of hypertension, high Hunt-Hess grade, high modified Fisher grade, aneurysms >7.65 mm, preoperative intracranial hematoma volume >19.02 ml, and late surgery need to strengthen postoperative management to improve outcomes.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954162


Objective:To conduct a meta-analysis for the effects of ultra-early postoperative rehabilitation on hospital stay, complications and vasospasm in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH).Methods:PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, WOS, CNKI, CBM and Wanfang databases were searched by computers to collect control studies on ultra-early rehabilitation of aSAH. The retrieval time limit was from the establishment of the databases to August 2021. The methodological quality of the included literature was evaluated according to Cochrane Handbook Systematic Reviews Interventions, and the Revman 5.2 software was used for meta-analysis.Results:A total of 5 articles were obtained, with a total of 413 patients. The methodological quality of the 5 studies was lower (grade C). The results of the meta-analysis showed that the average length of stay in the intervention group (mean difference –4.14, 95% confidence interval [ CI] –10.69-2.42; P=0.22] and the incidence of complications (odds ratio 0.86, 95% CI 0.40-1.83; P=0.70) were lower than those in the control group, but there was no significant difference. The incidence of cerebral vasospasm in the intervention group was lower than that in the control group, and there was significant difference (odds ratio 0.31, 95% CI 0.18-0.53; P<0.001). Conclusions:Postoperative ultra-early rehabilitation in patients with aSAH can reduce the incidence of cerebral vasospasm without increasing the incidence of complications. Therefore, the ultra-early rehabilitation can be considered. The methodological quality of the literature included in this study is lower, and high-quality randomized controlled trials are needed to further verify the effects of ultra-early rehabilitation on hospital stay, complications, and cerebral vasospasm.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954145


Intracranial aneurysm is a common cerebrovascular disease, which has a high morbidity and mortality after rupture, usually resulting in poor prognosis. Intracranial aneurysms are mainly treated by craniotomy clipping and endovascular embolization, but there is still controversy about whether the unruptured aneurysms with a diameter of <5 mm need intervention. Studies have shown that inflammation plays an important role in the formation, progression, and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. Aspirin and statins can delay the development of intracranial aneurysms and help reduce the risk of rupture through anti-inflammatory. This article reviews the inflammatory mechanism and potential drug therapy of intracranial aneurysms.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954144


Infectious intracranial aneurysms (IIA) is a rare infectious neurovascular disease. The most common clinical manifestation of IIA is subarachnoid hemorrhage or intracranial hematoma caused by aneurysm rupture, which has a high morbidity and mortality. For unruptured IIA, the clinical manifestations are hidden and the diagnosis is more difficult. This article mainly reviews the research progress of diagnosis and treatment of IIA, in order to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of IIA.

Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 234-237, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933787


Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infectious disease that affects the inner surface of the heart. Its first symptom often manifests as a localized neurological deficit, which can conceal the diagnosis of IE and delay the treatment. Here is a report of a severe case of IE with complicated central nervous system complications admitted to the First Hospital of Jilin University, so as to improve clinicians′ attention to the diagnosis and treatment of such conditions.

Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0065, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407669


RESUMO Os aneurismas intracranianos são dilatações em segmentos arteriais que irrigam o sistema nervoso central. Acometem 2% da população e as alterações oftalmológicas podem ser as primeiras manifestações do quadro. O objetivo deste relato foi descrever um caso de aneurisma de artéria carótida interna que cursou com restrição da movimentação ocular, alteração do reflexo fotomotor, ptose palpebral, dor facial e cervical. O diagnóstico foi confirmado pela identificação do aneurisma por meio do exame de angiografia cerebral. Foi realizado teste de oclusão por balão, cujo resultado positivo possibilitou a oclusão total da artéria carótida interna por meio de ligadura cirúrgica, procedimento este realizado com sucesso.

ABSTRACT Intracranial aneurysms are dilations in segments of the arteries that irrigate the central nervous system. They affect 2% of the population and the ophthalmologic disorders may be the first evidence in the clinical examination. The aim of the report is to describe a case of an internal carotid artery aneurysm that showed restrictions of ocular movements, change of pupillary light reflex, palpebral ptosis, facial, and cervical pain. This diagnosis was confirmed by the identification of the aneurysm through angiography. A balloon occlusion test was performed, and its positive result made a complete occlusion of the Internal Carotid Artery possible through surgery ligation, procedure that was successful.

Humans , Female , Aged , Blepharoptosis/etiology , Carotid Artery Diseases/complications , Carotid Artery, Internal/pathology , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Ophthalmoplegia/etiology , Facial Pain/etiology , Cerebral Angiography , Carotid Artery Diseases/surgery , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, Internal/surgery , Carotid Artery, Internal/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Neck Pain/etiology , Balloon Occlusion
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 31(2): e20211122, 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404726


Objetivo: Analisar internações para tratamento de aneurismas cerebrais rotos e não rotos com realização de embolização e de microcirurgia cerebral no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), Brasil, 2009-2018. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, utilizando dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do SUS. Descreveu-se a frequência das internações, procedimentos, utilização de unidade de tratamento intensivo (UTI), letalidade e gastos. Resultados: Das 43.927 internações, 22.622 (51,5%) resultaram em microcirurgia. Embolização e microcirurgia foram mais frequentes no sexo feminino. A duração das internações com embolização foi de 7,7 dias (±9,0), e com microcirurgia, 16,2 (±14,2) dias, a frequência de admissão em UTI, 58,6% e 85,3%, e a letalidade, 5,9% e 10,9%, respectivamente. Do gasto total, US$ 240 milhões, 66,3% corresponderam às internações com embolização. Conclusão: As internações com embolização para tratamento de aneurismas cerebrais no SUS apresentaram menor duração, menor frequência de utilização de UTI e menor letalidade, porém maior gasto em relação à microcirurgia cerebral.

Objetivo: Analizar las internaciones para tratamiento de aneurismas cerebrales rotos y no rotos en cuanto a embolización y microcirugía cerebral en el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS), Brasil, de 2009 a 2018. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo utilizando datos del Sistema de Información Hospitalaria (SIH)/SUS relacionados con la frecuencia de hospitalizaciones, procedimientos, uso de la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI), letalidad y gastos. Resultados: De los 43.927 ingresos, 22.622 (51,5%) correspondieron a microcirugía. Hubo una mayor frecuencia de procedimientos de embolización y microcirugía entre las personas del sexo femenino. De las hospitalizaciones con embolización y microcirugía, respectivamente, la duración de la estadía fue de 7,7 (±9,0) y 16,2 (±14,2) días, la frecuencia de ingreso en la UCI fue del 58,6% y el 85,3% y la letalidad del 5,9% y el 10,9%. El gasto total fue de US$ 240 millones, de los cuales el 66,3% correspondió a hospitalizaciones con embolización. Conclusión: Las hospitalizaciones con embolización, para el tratamiento de aneurismas cerebrales en el SUS, tuvieron menor tiempo de estadía, menor frecuencia de uso de la UCI y menor letalidad, pero mayores gastos en relación a la microcirugía cerebral.

Objective: To analyze hospital admissions for treatment of ruptured and unruptured cerebral aneurysms with embolization and brain microsurgery performed within the Brazilian National Health System (SUS), 2009-2018. Methods: This was a descriptive study, using data from the SUS's Hospital Information System. Frequency of hospital admissions, procedures, use of intensive care unit (ICU), case fatality ratio and expenditures were described. Results: Of the 43,927 hospital admissions, 22,622 (51.5%) resulted in microsurgery. Embolization and cerebral microsurgery were more frequent among females. Length of hospital stay with embolization procedure was 7.7 days (±9.0), and with microsurgery, 16.2 (±14.2) days, frequency of ICU admission, 58.6% and 85.3%, and case fatality ratio, 5.9% and 10.9% respectively. Of the total expenditure, USD 240 million, 66.3% corresponded to hospitalizations with embolization procedure. Conclusion: Hospital admissions with embolization procedure for treatment of cerebral aneurysms within the SUS showed a shorter length of stay, less frequent use of ICU and lower case fatality ratio, but higher expenditure when compared to brain microsurgery.

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/therapy , Intracranial Aneurysm , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Unified Health System , Brazil , Hospitalization
Rev. med (São Paulo) ; 101(3): e-180379, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392177


Introdução: Aneurismas intracranianos (AIC) são dilatações vasculares de elevada prevalência que podem ser identificadas por angiotomografia, angiorressonância e por angiografia de subtração digital (ASD), exame considerado padrão-ouro. Para AIC não rotos, ainda inexiste consenso absoluto sobre padronização de conduta terapêutica, que depende, intrinsecamente, de aspectos morfológicos e topográficos ao exame angiográfico. Objetivo: Analisar características epidemiológicas, morfológicas e topográficas de AIC não rotos identificados por ASD e as correlacionar com fatores de risco. Método: Foram considerados 160 prontuários eletrônicos de pacientes com AIC não rotos diagnosticados por ASD entre 2014 e 2018. Variáveis consideradas foram aspectos epidemiológicos (gênero, idade e grupo étnico), morfológicos (formato, presença ou ausência de colo e tamanho), topografia, número de AIC por paciente e fatores de risco (hipertensão arterial sistêmica, tabagismo e etilismo), com análise estatística por correlação de Spearman. Resultados: De 160 pacientes, avaliaram-se 207 AIC não rotos. Houve predomínio do sexo feminino, da faixa etária de 60 a 69 anos e da etnia branca. Em relação a fatores de risco, 58,75% apresentavam hipertensão arterial sistêmica. A maioria dos pacientes apresentava um único aneurisma, e a localização mais prevalente foi artéria carótida interna direita. Predominaram aneurismas saculares, pequenos (menor que 7 mm) e de colo largo. Demonstrou-se correlação estatística entre tamanho e localização (p < 0,001), tamanho e tipo de colo (p = 0,0005) e entre formato e tipo de colo (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Houve prevalência de AIC não rotos em indivíduos do sexo feminino de meia idade, brancos e hipertensos, com predomínio de aneurisma sacular não lobulado, único, pequeno, de colo largo em artéria carótida interna direita. Presença de correlação estatística de AIC sacular com colo largo, AIC gigante em artéria carótida interna, e de AIC pequeno com colo largo. [au]

Introduction: Intracranial aneurysms (IA) are vascular dilations that are highly prevalent and that can be identified by angiotomography, angioresonance and digital subtraction angiography (DSA), an exam considered the gold standard. For unruptured IA, there is still no absolute onsensus on standardization of therapeutic conduct, which depends, intrinsically, on morphological and topographic aspects on angiographic examination. Objective: Analyze the epidemiological, morphological and topographic characteristics of unruptured IA identified by DSA and to correlate with risk factors. Method: 160 electronic medical records of patients with unruptured IA diagnosed by DSA between 2014 and 2018 were considered. Variables considered were epidemiological (gender, age and ethnic group), morphological aspects (shape, presence or absence of neck and size), topography, number of IA per patient and risk factors (systemic arterial hypertension, smoking and alcoholism), with statistical analysis by Spearman correlation. Results: Out of 160 patients, 207 unruptured IA were evaluated. There was a predominance of females, aged 60 to 69 years and white ethnicity. Regarding risk factors, 58.75% had systemic arterial hypertension. Most patients have a single aneurysm, and the most prevalent location was the right internal carotid artery. Saccular, small (less than 7 mm) and large-necked aneurysms predominated. There was a statistical correlation between size and location (p <0.001), size and type of neck (p = 0.0005) and between shape and type of neck (p <0.001).Conclusion: Prevalence of unruptured IA in middle-aged, white and hypertensive women, with a predominance of a single small non-lobulated saccular aneurysm with a large neck in the right internal carotid artery. Correlation of saccular IA with large neck, giant IA in internal carotid artery, and small IA with large neck. [au]

Acta cir. bras ; 37(1): e370107, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1413349


Purpose: To analyze the role of serum creatinine levels as a biomarker of intracranial aneurysm outcomes. Methods: This is a prospective analysis of outcomes of patients with intracranial aneurysm. One hundred forty-seven patients with serum creatinine at admission and 6 months follow up were included. Linear and logistic regressions were used to analyze the data. Modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to assess outcome. Results: Creatinine level was not directly related to aneurysm outcome nor aneurysm rupture (p > 0.05). However, patients with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) lower than 72.50 mL·min­1 had an odds ratio (OR) of 3.049 (p = 0.006) for worse outcome. Similarly, aneurysm rupture had an OR of 2.957 (p = 0.014) for worse outcomes. Stepwise selection model selected 4 variables for outcomes prediction: serum creatinine, sex, hypertension and treatment. Hypertensive patients had, on average, an increase in 0.588 in mRS (p = 0.022), while treatment with microsurgery had a decrease in 0.555 (p = 0.038). Conclusions: Patients with higher GFR had better outcomes after 6 months. Patients with higher GFR had better outcomes after 6 months. Creatinine presented an indirect role in GFR values and should be included in models for outcome prediction.

Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/prevention & control , Creatinine/analysis , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Linear Models
Acta cir. bras ; 37(8): e370806, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1402976


Purpose: To evaluate the risk factors for poor outcomes after surgical and endovascular treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Methods: Patients with ≥ 18-years of age and aSAH were included, while patients who died within 12 h of admission or lost follow-up were excluded. All participants underwent standardized clinical and radiological assessment on admission and were reassessed at discharge and at 6-months follow-up using the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS). Results: Death at discharge was associated with female gender, anterior communication artery (ACoA) aneurysm location and presence of atherosclerotic plaque in the surgical group, and with age in the endovascular group. Both groups had clinical condition on follow-up associated with mFisher score on admission and hypertension. GOS on follow-up was also associated with presence of atherosclerotic plaque and multiple aneurysms in surgical group, and with age in endovascular group. Conclusions: Subjects treated surgically are prone to unfavorable outcomes if atherosclerotic plaques and multiple aneurysms are present. In patients with endovascular treatment, age was the main predictor of clinical outcome.

Humans , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Risk Factors , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/surgery , Microsurgery/methods , Evaluation Study
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1057-1060, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957338


Objective:To analyze the effect and influencing factors of embolotherapy on headache in elderly patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms.Methods:A retrospective analysis of clinical data of elderly patients(aged≥61 years)with unruptured intracranial aneurysms admitted to our hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 was performed.Headache assessment was performed by a quantitative 11-point headache scale in all patients preoperatively and at 6 months after endovascular treatment, and the difference between them was analyzed.Univariate analysis was applied to test the association between headache outcomes and clinical variables.Results:A total of 73 patients(mean age: 68.4 years old; age range: 61-86 years; 47 women)fulfilled the inclusion criteria.There were 53 patients(72.6%)who presented with preoperative headache(headache score≥1). Among them, 39 cases(73.6%)had an improvement in headache, 11(20.8%)remained unchanged, and 3(5.7%)aggravated, after endovascular treatment.The average preoperative headache score was 5(4, 6) vs.postoperative 3(1, 4), with statistical significance( Z=-5.036, P=0.000). Only the preoperative headache score was associated with outcomes of headache, and a higher headache score predicted a lack of headache relief( Z=-2.819, P=0.005). Conclusions:Embolotherapy of unruptured intracranial aneurysms can relieve headache in most elderly patients.Preoperative headache severity is correlated with postoperative headache outcomes.

Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 528-533, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933116


Objective:To provide clues for exploring the molecule mechanisms underlying ruptured intracranial aneurysms(IAs)by constructing a competitive endogenous RNA(ceRNA)network.Methods:Gene expression data sets of 21 ruptured IAs(RIAs)and 21 unruptured IAs samples were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus(GEO)database.First, mRNAs and long non-coding RNAs(lncRNAs)related to ruptured IAs were identified by integrated analysis of weighted gene co-expression network analysis(WGCNA)and differential gene expression analysis with DESeq2, respectively.Then, mRNA-miRNA associations were obtained based on miRWalk 2.0; miRNA-lncRNA associations were predicted based on miRcode and data from the literature.Lastly, a ceRNA network including mRNAs, miRNAs, and lncRNAs was constructed via combining lncRNA-miRNA associations and lncRNA-miRNA associations.Results:A total of 470 mRNAs and 78 lncRNAs related to ruptured IAs were obtained through WGCNA and differential gene expression analysis.Based on the databases, 49 miRNAs were predicted to be able to bind to the above mRNAs and lncRNAs, and in combination with data from the literature, 13 miRNAs, 7 lncRNAs and 73 mRNAs were screened to construct a ceRNA network.Conclusions:A new ruptured IA-related ceRNA network including 13 miRNAs, 7 lncRNAs and 73 mRNAs has been constructed and may provide some clues for exploring the mechanisms underlying ruptured IAs.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930775


Objective:To estimate and summarize the evidence for the blood pressure in patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysm bleeding, to provide valuable reference for clinical care and improve the prognosis of patients.Methods:BMJ Best Practice, UpToDate, Chinese Guideline Website, Cochrane Library, PubMed, American Stroke Association, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database and VIP Database were utilized for screening out evidences of blood pressure management strategies for patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysm bleeding from database establishment to December 8, 2020. The source of evidences included guidelines, evidence summarization, information brochure of optimal clinical practice, recommended practice, systematic review and original research. Upon the assessment of the included literature, the evidences meeting the enrollment criterion would be identified and extracted.Results:There were 9 articles involved in this research and 20 evidences possessing clinical applicability were extracted. The evidences involved in clinical assessment, regulation tenets, intervention protocol, and nursing to prevent complications in patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysm bleeding.Conclusions:To summarize, we suggested strongly to evaluate the individual differences in age, underlying diseases and pharmacological tolerance, and to effectivelly control blood pressure in patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysm bleeding through scientific nursing methods, which could improve the nursing qualification.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929910


Stent-assisted coil embolization is a common endovascular treatment for ruptured/unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Stent implantation process can damage vascular endothelium, activate platelet and coagulation cascade, and then increase the risk of thrombosis. In order to reduce the risk of postoperative embolism, antiplatelet therapy is required. Among them, aspirin combined with clopidogrel dual antiplatelet therapy is a commonly used strategy. For patients with low response to clopidogrel, tigrelol or cilostazol can be used as an alternative drug. Although the scheme has been considered to be effective and safe, it is still controversial.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929904


Objective:To investigate the correlation between serum cystatin C and formation of intracranial aneurysms.Methods:Patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms hospitalized in the First People's Hospital of Kashgar from January 2016 to September 2021 were retrospectively enrolled as the case group and patients with trigeminal neuralgia in the same period as the control group. The demographic and clinical data of patients were collected, and the correlation between serum cystatin C and the occurrence of intracranial aneurysms was determined by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results:A total of 114 patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms and 142 patients with trigeminal neuralgia were enrolled. Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in triglyceride and cystatin C, as well as the proportions of male and hypertensive patients between the case group and the control group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that there was a significant independent negative correlation between the serum cystatin C and the risk of intracranial aneurysms (odds ratio 0.045, 95% confidence interval 0.011-0.184; P<0.001). Conclusion:Serum cystatin C may be an independent protective factor for the formation of intracranial aneurysms.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941047


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the impact of postoperative serious cardiovascular adverse events (CAE) on outcomes of patients undergoing craniotomy for intracranial aneurysm clipping.@*METHODS@#This retrospective cohort study was conducted among the patients undergoing craniotomy for intracranial aneurysm clipping during the period from December, 2016 to December, 2017, who were divided into CAE group and non-CAE group according to the occurrence of Clavien-Dindo grade ≥II CAEs after the surgery. The perioperative clinical characteristics of the patients, complications and neurological functions during hospitalization, and mortality and neurological functions at 1 year postoperatively were evaluated. The primary outcome was mortality within 1 year after the surgery. The secondary outcomes were Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) score at 1 year, lengths of postoperative hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score at discharge.@*RESULTS@#A total of 361 patients were enrolled in the final analysis, including 20 (5.5%) patients in CAE group and 341 in the non-CAE group. No significant differences were found in the patients' demographic characteristics, clinical history, or other postoperative adverse events between the two groups. The 1-year mortality was significantly higher in CAE group than in the non-CAE group (20.0% vs 5.6%, P=0.01). Logistics regression analysis showed that when adjusted for age, gender, emergency hospitalization, subarachnoid hemorrhage, volume of bleeding, duration of operation, aneurysm location, and preoperative history of cardiovascular disease, postoperative CAEs of Clavien-Dindo grade≥II was independently correlated with 1-year mortality rate of the patients with an adjusted odds ratio of 3.670 (95% CI: 1.037-12.992, P=0.04). The patients with CEA also had a lower GOS score at 1 year after surgery than those without CEA (P=0.002). No significant differences were found in the occurrence of other adverse events, postoperative hospital stay, ICU stay, or GCS scores at discharge between the two groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Postoperative CAEs may be a risk factor for increased 1-year mortality and disability in patients undergoing craniotomy for intracranial aneurysms.

Craniotomy/adverse effects , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/surgery , Treatment Outcome