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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003779

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous lung condition characterized by persistent and often progressive airflow obstruction, including airway abnormalities (e.g., bronchitis and bronchiolitis) and chronic respiratory symptoms (e.g., dyspnea, cough, and expectoration). It is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the lung and large intestine are interior-exterior related. Therefore, COPD can be treated from both the lung and intestine by the methods of tonifying and invigorating lung, spleen, and kidney, dispelling phlegm, and expelling stasis. Gut microbiota plays a key role in human immunity, nerve, and metabolism and may act on COPD by affecting the structures and functions of lung and intestine tissue and regulating lung inflammation and immunity. TCM can restore the balance of gut microbiota, which is conducive to the recovery from COPD. For example, the treatment method of tonifying lung and invigorating kidney can regulate gut microbiota, alleviate pulmonary and intestinal injuries, and improve lung immunity. The treatment methods of dispelling phlegm and expelling stasis can regulate gut microbiota and reduce pulmonary inflammation. According to the TCM theory of lung and large intestine being interior-exterior related, this review elaborates on the connotation of TCM in the treatment of COPD by regulating gut microbiota, aiming to provide new ideas for the clinical treatment of COPD via gut microbiota.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999182

ABSTRACT

The clinical changes of ulcerative colitis (UC) with the main syndrome of large intestine dampness-heat and the alterations of intestinal flora in UC were summarized to reveal the underlying mechanism. After review of the treatment methods for UC with the syndrome of large intestine dampness-heat, we identified the representative traditional Chinese medicines and compound prescriptions and explored the treatment mechanisms. Furthermore, we probed into the associations of UC and the treatment methods with the intestinal flora. The related articles were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI). The available studies have shown that Akkermansia muciniphila, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus, and probiotics such as Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus are closely associated with Chinese medicines in UC patients with the syndrome of large intestine dampness-heat. However, due to the shortcomings in clinical research and the susceptibility of intestinal flora to diverse factors, it is still challenging to accurately characterize the intestinal flora changes associated with diseases. Additionally, the research on the mechanisms of Chinese medicines in regulating intestinal flora in UC patients with the syndrome of large intestine dampness-heat remains to be improved. The feasibility of using Chinese medicines and compound prescriptions for precise regulation of intestinal flora in these patients is still debatable. In this regard, scientific issues such as the biological connotation of UC with the syndrome of large intestine dampness-heat and the correlation between syndrome and intestinal flora have become primary research tasks. Additionally, attention should also be paid to the interactions between the intestinal lumen exposure profile of Chinese medicines and intestinal flora. Finally, the thinking of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and the concepts of modern medicine should be combined for the research on the formulation of TCM regimens for regulating intestinal flora in treating UC.

3.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535886

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare entity characterized by cysts or air bubbles in the intestinal wall, usually asymptomatic. Its uncomplicated forms are managed conservatively, and the severe ones require surgical intervention. The presence of pneumoperitoneum is a disturbing radiological finding but not an indicator of surgical intervention. Clinical case: A 23-year-old man presented with weight loss, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding; a colonoscopy showed multiple violaceous cysts in the sigmoid and descending colon that collapsed after puncture and biopsies. Computed tomography (CT) confirmed the diagnosis and the presence of an encapsulated pneumoperitoneum. The absence of signs of potential lethality allowed conservative treatment with clinical remission during the first eight months of follow-up. Discussion: The pathophysiology of PCI is not well defined. Our patient's diagnosis was incidental when performing a colonoscopy for rectal bleeding. Asymptomatic encapsulated pneumoperitoneum should be interpreted as an important but not decisive sign of surgical intervention. Its presence, along with the medical history and physical, biochemical, endoscopic, and imaging examination, can prevent unnecessary surgery.


Introducción: la neumatosis quística intestinal es una entidad infrecuente, caracterizada por la presencia de quistes o burbujas de aire en la pared intestinal, usualmente asintomática. Sus formas no complicadas son manejadas conservadoramente y las graves requieren intervención quirúrgica. La presencia de neumoperitoneo es un hallazgo radiológico inquietante, pero no es indicador de intervención quirúrgica. Caso clínico: hombre de 23 años con pérdida de peso, diarrea y rectorragia, la colonoscopia mostró múltiples quistes violáceos localizados en el sigmoide y descendente que colapsaron tras la punción y biopsias, la tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) confirmó el diagnóstico y la presencia de un neumoperitoneo encapsulado. La ausencia de signos de potencial letalidad permitió un tratamiento conservador con remisión clínica durante los primeros 8 meses de seguimiento. Discusión: la fisiopatología de la neumatosis quística intestinal no está bien definida. En el paciente presentado el diagnóstico se realizó de forma incidental al realizar una colonoscopia por una rectorragia. El neumoperitoneo asintomático encapsulado debe interpretarse como un signo importante pero no determinante de intervención quirúrgica y su presencia junto con los antecedentes médicos, examen físico, bioquímico, endoscópico e imagenológico puede evitar cirugías innecesarias.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988181

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo reveal the intervention effect of Dahuang Mudantang on pancreatic injury in rats with acute pancreatitis (AP) of dampness-heat in large intestine syndrome and explore its possible mechanism based on network pharmacology. MethodNinety-six SPF-grade Wistar rats were randomly divided into the following six groups: a blank group, a model group, low-, medium-, and high-dose Dahuang Mudantang groups (3.5, 7, and 14 g·kg-1), and a Qingyi Lidan granules group (3 g·kg-1), with 16 rats in each group. The AP model of dampness-heat in large intestine syndrome was induced in rats except for those in the blank group by "high-temperature and high-humidity environment + high-sugar and high-fat diet + retrograde injection of 5% sodium taurocholate into the pancreaticobiliary duct". The blank and model groups received equal volumes of distilled water by gavage, while the treatment groups were administered Dahuang Mudantang or Qingyi Lidan granules 1 hour before modeling, and 12 and 24 hours after modeling. Samples were collected 1 hour after the last administration. The general conditions of the rats were observed. The AP model of dampness-heat in large intestine syndrome was evaluated. Serum amylase (AMS) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were determined using biochemical methods. Pancreatic tissue morphology was observed using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Network pharmacology was employed to predict potential targets of Dahuang Mudantang in the intervention in AP, and molecular biology technique was used to verify relevant targets. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group exhibited lethargy, unkempt fur, loose and foul-smelling stools, elevated anal temperature with arching and twisting reactions, significantly increased serum levels of AMS and CRP (P<0.05), abnormal pancreatic ductules, disordered interlobular spaces, and inflammatory cell infiltration in histopathological examination, as well as pathological changes including pancreatic acinar cell swelling, congestion, and necrosis. Compared with the model group, the treatment groups showed varying degrees of improvement in general survival conditions, reduced twisting reactions, visibly improved stool characteristics, reduced pancreatic tissue edema and necrosis, decreased serum AMS and CRP levels (P<0.05), with the high-dose Dahuang Mudantang group showing the most pronounced effects (P<0.05). Network pharmacology prediction indicated that hederagenin, β-sitosterol, and quercetin were the most widely connected active compounds with disease targets. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis revealed that protein kinase B (Akt), tumor protein P53 (TP53), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin-6 (IL-6), transcription factor (JUN), vascular endothelial growth factor α (VEGFα), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM1) were key targets in the "drug-disease" interaction. KEGG enrichment analysis suggested that the response of the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway might be a core mechanism for DHMDT in the intervention in AP. Molecular biology analysis showed that compared with the blank group, the model group had significantly increased levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and VCAM-1 in pancreatic tissue (P<0.05), as well as significantly elevated expression levels of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2), and human antigen R (HUR) genes and proteins (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the treatment groups exhibited decreased levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and VCAM-1 in pancreatic tissue (P<0.05), reduced expression levels of p38 MAPK, MK2, and HUR genes and proteins, with the high-dose Dahuang Mudantang group showing the most pronounced effects (P<0.05). ConclusionDahuang Mudantang activates and regulates the p38 MAPK/MK2/HUR signaling pathway to suppress the release of inflammatory factors, thereby improving pancreatic injury.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987279

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of porcine large intestine-processed Dahuang (Radix et Rhizoma Rhei) on defecation in constipation model mice and the possible mechanism. MethodsFifty Kunming mice were randomized to blank group (n=10) and model group (n=40). Loperamide suspension at the dose of 8 mg/(kg·d) was given by gavage for four consecutive days to establish a model of constipation. The 24 successfully modeled mice were randomly divided into model group, processed Dahuang group, lactulose group, raw Dahuang group, with six mice in each group. Moreover, six randomly selected mice were chosen as control group. Since the fifth day, 8 mg/(kg·d) of loperamide suspension by gavage was given to the model group, processed Dahuang group, raw Dahuang group, and lactulose group; two hours later, the processed and raw Dahuang groups were administered with 0.6 g/(kg·d) of processed and raw Dahuang suspension, respectively, while the lactulose group was given 0.6 g/(kg·d) of latulose suspension, and the blank group and the model group were given 0.2 ml/10 g of distilled water by gavage, all for four days. The general condition, body weight after the last gavage, number of fecal particles within six hours, fecal wet weight, fecal water content ratio, intestinal propulsion rate and colonic histology changes by HE staining of each group were detected. ResultsThe body weight of the mice in the raw Dahuang group was significantly lighter than that in the other groups (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The number of fecal particles, fecal wet weight and intestinal propulsion rate of mice significantly decreased in the model group than in the blank group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared to those in the model group, the number of fecal particles and fecal wet weight in the processed Dahuang group, lactulose group and raw Dahuang group significantly increased, and the fecal water content ratio in the raw Dahuang group increased as well (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared to those in the processed Dahuang group, the number of fecal particles and fecal wet weight in the raw Dahuang group decreased, while the fecal water content ratio increased (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the fecal water content ratio in the lactulose group increased significantly (P<0.05). The intestinal propulsion rate in the processed Dahuang group was higher than that in the model group, lactulose group and raw Dahuang group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Histopathological analysis showed that the colonic crypts and goblet cells in the blank group were normal and clear, and the colonic muscular layer was thicker. The colonic crypts of the mice in the model group were damaged, with reduced goblet cells to varying degrees and changed colonic muscularis. In the lactulose group and raw Dahuang group, part of the crypts were broken, and the goblet cells were damaged to varying degrees, while in the processed Dahuang group, still the colonic tissue structure of the mice was relatively clear, and the colonic crypts and goblet cells were relatively normal, with thickened muscular layer of the colon. ConclusionPorcine large intestine-processed Dahuang could improve defecation in constipation model mice, and reduce the drastic purgation function of raw Dahuang, for which the mechanism may be related to the protection of colon histopathological damage.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984589

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the mechanism of ethyl acetate extract of Tibetan medicine dampness bud Gentianopsis paludosa in the prevention and treatment of recurrent ulcerative colitis (UC) in rats with dampness-heat in large intestine syndrome based on the apoptotic pathway mediated by the B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax). MethodUsing the disease-syndrome combination method, a recurrent UC model of dampness-heat in large intestine syndrome was constructed in rats. Seventy SPF-grade male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, high-, medium-, and low-dose ethyl acetate of G.paludosa groups (150, 75, 37.5 mg·kg-1), and mesalazine group (135 mg·kg-1). The rats were orally administered with respective drugs for 14 days. The general conditions of the rats were recorded, and colon length and mucosal damage were observed. The colon wet weight index and organ coefficients of the liver, spleen, and thymus were calculated. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the serum of each group. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe pathological changes in the colon. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) was used to detect apoptosis in colonic epithelial cells. Western blot was used to measure the expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase-3, Caspase-9, Zona Occludens-1 (ZO-1), Claudin3, and Occludin in colonic tissue. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to observe the expression of Bax and Caspase-3 in colonic epithelial cells. ResultCompared with the control group, the model group showed significant increases in the disease activity index (DAI) score, colonic mucosal damage index (CMDI), intestinal epithelial apoptosis, liver and spleen indexes, and levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β and IL-6 in the serum (P<0.01), decreased expression of intestinal mucosal protective proteins ZO-1, Claudin3, and Occluding (P<0.01), increased expression of pro-apoptotic proteins Bax, Caspase-3, and Caspase-9 (P<0.01), and decreased expression of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the high-, medium-, and low-dose ethyl acetate of G.paludosa groups all significantly improved the general condition of the rats, reduced colonic lesions, decreased intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis, reduced liver and spleen indexes, upregulated the expression of ZO-1, Claudin3, Occludin, and Bcl-2 proteins, and downregulated the expression of Bax, Caspase-3, and Caspase-9 proteins, with the high- and medium-dose ethyl acetate of G.paludosa groups showing the superior effects (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionEthyl acetate of G.paludosa can alleviate colonic mucosal damage and exert a therapeutic effect on UC by regulating the Bcl-2/Bax signaling pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927360

ABSTRACT

Based on the theory of "brain-gut communication" and "heart-stomach disease simultaneously", the thinking and method of treating chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) from yangming meridian were discussed. CFS is related to brain and heart. Based on the analysis of meridian circulation, zang-fu function and the indication characteristics of yangming meridian, the indications of yangming meridian are closely related to brain and heart, so it is proposed to start from yangming meridian and use Chinese herbs combined with acupuncture to treat CFS, including the four methods of clearing away heat and moisturizing dryness, cooling blood and removing blood stasis, promoting qi to clear the organs, and strengthening and replenishing deficiency. It has certain guiding and reference significance for clinical treatment of CFS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/therapy , Meridians
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940846

ABSTRACT

The most common manifestations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and the global incidence of IBD is on the rise. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is advantageous in the treatment of IBD. IBD, with TCM names based on clinical symptoms, mostly belongs to recurrent dysentery, long dysentery, diarrhea, dysentery, bowel, and other categories. In TCM pathogenesis of IBD, spleen deficiency and exuberant dampness predominate in the whole course of the disease. Since the lung is associated with the large intestine and the lung Qi and spleen Qi are interconnected, the lung Qi and spleen Qi are deficient and the dampness and heat accumulate internally, which caused collateral obstruction by stagnant blood and the development of IBD. From the perspective of "associating lung with large intestine",it is believed that the main mechanism of IBD is the Qi imbalance and abnormal metabolism of fluids in the lung and the intestine,and the nutrient-Yin injury of the lung and the intestine. According to the chronic, recurrent, and diffuse pathogenesis characteristics and main clinical manifestations of IBD, IBD is closely related to the lung and the intestine. In terms of therapeutic principles, IBD can be treated by tonifying the spleen and replenishing the lung, which highlights the treatment of the intestine from the lung. To be specific, in time of tonifying the spleen and removing dampness, the intestine is regulated by tonifying the spleen and replenishing the lung. Shenling Baizhusan, a commonly used classical prescription for IBD, is mainly potent in replenishing Qi, invigorating the spleen, draining dampness, checking diarrhea, and especially "reinforcing earth to generate metal". It can enhance the function of the lung through "reinforcing earth to generate metal", which in turn regulates the intestine and promote the improvement of IBD. The present study clarified the mechanism of Shenling Baizhusan in regulating the intestine by tonifying the spleen and replenishing the lung. On the basis of modern research, its therapeutic effect on IBD was achieved through multiple links, such as regulation of the level of inflammatory factors, immunoregulation, barrier function improvement via mucosal repair, and intestinal flora. The findings of this study are expected to provide new ideas for the regulation of the lung-spleen-large intestine axis in the syndrome differentiation and treatment of IBD and subsequent experimental research.

9.
ABCD (São Paulo, Online) ; 35: e1707, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1419809

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Dysbiosis of the gut microbiota is frequently found in cases of obesity and related metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes mellitus. The composition of the microbiota in diabetics is similar to that of obese people, thereby causing increased energy uptake efficiency in the large intestine of obese people, maintenance of a systemic inflammatory state, and increased insulin resistance. Bariatric surgery seems to entail an improvement in gut dysbiosis, leading to an increased diversity of the gut microbiota. AIMS: This study aimed to present a literature review on obesity-associated gut dysbiosis and its status post-bariatric surgery. METHODS: A systematic review of primary studies was conducted in PubMed, SciELO, BIREME, LILACS, Embase, ScienceDirect, and Scopus databases using DeCS (Health Science Descriptors) with the terms "obesity," "intestinal dysbiosis," "bariatric surgery," and "microbiota." RESULTS: We analyzed 28 articles that had clinical studies or literature reviews as their main characteristics, of which 82% (n=23) corresponded to retrospective studies. The sample size of the studies ranged from 9 to 257 participants and/or fecal samples. The epidemiological profile showed a higher prevalence of obesity in females, ranging from 24.4 to 35.1%, with a mean age of around 25-40 years. There was a variation regarding the type of bariatric surgery, migrating between the Roux-en-Y bypass, adjustable gastric banding, and vertical gastrectomy. Of the 28 studies, 6 of them evaluated the gut microbiota of obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery and their relationship with type 2 diabetes mellitus/glucose metabolism/insulin resistance. CONCLUSIONS: The intestinal microbiota is an important influencer in the regulation of the digestive tract, and obese individuals with comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, and metabolic syndrome) present important alterations, with an unbalance normal state, generating dysbiosis and the proliferation of bacterial species that favor the appearance of new diseases. Patients who undergo bariatric surgery present an improvement in the intestinal microbiota imbalance as well as reversibility of their comorbidities, increasing their life expectancy.


RESUMO RACIONAL: A disbiose da microbiota intestinal é encontrada frequentemente em casos de obesidade e doenças metabólicas relacionadas, como a diabetes mellitus tipo 2. A composição da microbiota em diabéticos é semelhante à de obesos, causando um aumento da eficiência de captação de energia no intestino grosso de obesos, manutenção de um estado inflamatório sistêmico e maior resistência à insulina. A cirurgia bariátrica parece acarretar em uma melhora da disbiose intestinal, levando ao aumento de diversidade da microbiota intestinal. OBJETIVOS: Este artigo apresenta uma revisão de literatura sobre a disbiose intestinal associada a obesidade e seu status pós cirurgia bariátrica. MÉTODOS: Uma revisão sistemática de estudos primários foi realizada em bases de dados PubMed, SciELO, BIREME, LILACS, Embase, ScienceDirect e Scopus utilizando o Descritores em Ciência da Saúde (DeCS) com os termos: "obesidade", "disbiose intestinal", "cirurgia bariátrica" e "microbiota". RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 28 artigos que tinham como característica principal serem estudos clínicos ou revisões de literatura, dos quais 82%, n=23, correspondem a estudos retrospectivos. O tamanho das amostras dos estudos variou de 9 a 257 participantes e/ou amostras fecais. O perfil epidemiológico mostrou haver maior prevalência de obesidade no sexo feminino, variação de 24,4 a 35,1%, com idade média em torno dos 25 a 40 anos. Houve uma variação com relação ao tipo de cirurgia bariátrica, migrando entre a Bypass em Y-de-Roux, Banda gástrica ajustável e gastrectomia vertical. Dos 28 estudos, 6 deles avaliaram a microbiota intestinal de obesos submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica e sua relação com diabetes mellitus tipo 2/metabolismo da glicose/resistência insulínica. CONCLUSÕES: A microbiota intestinal é um importante influenciador na regulação do aparelho digestivo, e que indivíduos obesos com comorbidades (diabetes mellitus, hipercolesterolemia e síndrome metabólica) apresentam alterações importantes, com desequilíbrio do seu estado normal, gerando disbiose e a proliferação de espécies bacterianas que favorecem o aparecimento de novas doenças. Pacientes submetidos a cirurgia bariátrica apresentam melhora do desequilíbrio da microbiota intestinal, bem como uma reversibilidade de suas comorbidades, elevando a expectativa de vida.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907624

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of intestinal flora in children with asthma from the theory of "lung and large intestine being interior-exterior" , and to provide an experimental basis for the study of "lung and intestine axis" .Methods:Based on 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing technology, stool samples from children with 30 asthma and 28 healthy children were enrolloed and sequenced. All patients are from january 2018 to April 2018, Shanghai Children's Medical Center affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University Medical College and Oriental Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University. Statistical methods such as Principal component analysis (PCA), LEfSe analysis, linear discriminant analysis (LDA), and non-metric multidimensional scale analysis (NMDS) were used to analyze intestinal flora characteristics of asthma children.Results:The number of Intestinal flora operating taxon unit (OTU) in asthmatic group (141.96 ± 27.42 vs. 164.54 ± 50.58, P=0.048), Shannon index (2.49 ± 0.51 vs. 2.80 ± 0.56, P=0.044) were significantly lower than those of healthy children group, and Simpson index (0.18 ± 0.06 vs. 0.13 ± 0.07, P=0.010) was significantly higher than that of healthy children. There was no significant difference in intestinal flora abundance between asthmatic children and healthy children ( P>0.05), but there was a decreasing trend. Further differential intestinal flora analysis showed that there were differences in bacterial abundance between children with asthma and healthy children. Conclusion:Children with asthma showed high related with intestinal flora disorders, referring that asthma maybe treated when intestinal flora is treated, which provides a reference for the study of the relationship between lung and intestine from the perspective of intestinal flora.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Jiechang Qingre pills for dampness-heat syndrome of large intestine at active stage of ulcerative colitis (UC) and investigate its effect on inflammatory factors. Method:One hundred and eight patients with active UC were divided into observation group and control group. Both groups were treated with Mesalazine enteric-coated tablets, 2 g/times, 2 times/day, for 2 weeks. If symptoms were poorly controlled, prednisone acetate tablets would be used instead, 0.75 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1 </sup>in 3 times by oral administration. Patients in the observation group took Jiechang Qingre pills, 10 g/time, 3 times/day before meals. Patients in the control group took Jiechang Qingre pills simulated drug, 10 g/time, 3 times/day before meals. The course of treatment was 12 weeks in both groups and the patients were followed up for 3 months. The modified Mayo score was used to evaluate disease activity. Before and after treatment, large intestine dampness-heat syndrome score, inflammatory bowel disease questionnaire (IBDQ), mucosal histology assessment and scores of major symptoms and intestinal mucosal lesion severity were graded. The incidence of non-reactivity, hormone failure, hormone dependence, and early recurrence were recorded 2 weeks after treatment. Tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α </italic>(TNF-<italic>α</italic>), interleukin-6(IL-6) and IL-17 levels were measured before and after treatment. Result:The clinical effective rate in the observation group was 94.00% (47/50), higher than 77.55% (38/49) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.514,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The clinical remission rate was 82.00%(41/50) in the observation group, higher than 61.22% (30/49) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.266,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The endoscopic response rate was 96.00% (48/50) in the observation group, higher than 79.59% (39/49) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=6.251,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The rate of mucosal healing in the observation group was 90.00% (45/50), higher than 79.59% (35/49) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.503,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of diarrhea, purulent stool, abdominal pain, tenesmus, hyperemia, edema, erosion and ulcer in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The rate of non-reactivity in the observation group was 16.00% (8/50), lower than 34.69% (17/49) in the control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.581,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The hormone failure rate in the observation group was 37.50%(3/8), lower than 64.71%(11/17)in the control group,but the difference was not statistically significant(tested by the exact probaility method). The hormone dependence rate in the observation group was 12.50%(1/8), lower than 23.53% (4/17) in the control group,but the difference was not statistically significant(tested by the exact probaility method). The early recurrence rate in the observation group was 14.00% (7/50), lower than 32.65%(16/49) in the control group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.827,<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of Mayo, dampness and heat syndrome and Geboes index in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the IBDQ scores were significantly higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The TNF-<italic>α, </italic>IL-6 and IL-17 levels of the patients in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Based on the routine treatment of western medicine, Jiechang Qingre pills treatment for the patients with active UC can effectively induce clinical remission, alleviate inflammatory reaction, promote intestinal mucosal healing, improve clinical symptoms, quality of life and the response of treatment. Its clinical efficacy and enteroscopy efficacy are better than western medicine treatment alone, so it is worthy of clinical use.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906223

ABSTRACT

In China, about 100 million people currently have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). At the same time, COPD is a multisystem disease, not only affecting the function of musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, kidney and immune systems in patients, but also causing intestinal dysfunction as its extrapulmonary manifestations. From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), after COPD is formed, deficiency, phlegm stasis and toxicity were accumulated in the lungs, which leads to dysfunction of lung in dispersing and descending, and eventually causes ascending and descending disorder of Qi activities, disorder of fluid supply and distribution, and stagnation of blood stasis. The viscera disease would affect the bowels, and the large intestine is thus affected. Modern medical discovers that, the lungs and intestines have common origins and similar physiological structures, in pathological circumstances, their common mucosal immune system may lead to similar immune factors and inflammatory manifestations in the lungs and intestines. At the same time, the studies have confirmed that there is also a close relationship between intestinal flora and lung, that is "lung-gut axis". These theories partially illustrate the mechanism of COPD in inducing intestinal injury. The specific manifestations of COPD intestinal dysfunction, ① Flora disorder, with increased abundance of intestinal gram-negative bacilli, and inhibited reproduction of Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus and short-chain fatty acid-producing bacteria. ② Intestinal barrier damage: characterized by the destruction of intestinal epithelium tight connectivity, increased intestinal permeability, and thinning of the mucus layer. ③ Intestinal motility disorder: mostly manifested as weight loss and malnutrition. At present, for the intestinal dysfunction in COPD patients, most of the relevant discussions and targeted treatment methods in TCM are scattered and unsystematic. Guided by the idea of treating different diseases with the same treatment, we summarized the etiology and pathogenesis of COPD intestinal dysfunction by learning from the experience of TCM in treating intestinal flora disorders and inflammatory bowel disease, and proposed preliminary formulation with Tiaoqi Qushi,Tongfu Tongluo as its basic treatment principles in this paper, hoping to provide new ideas for the treatment of COPD.

13.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1487654

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Colonoscopy is a minimally invasive technique used to assess the large intestine through direct inspection of the intestinal mucosa. When associated with histopathological examination of fragments collected from the intestine, the definitive diagnosis can be obtained. This retrospective study evaluated colonoscopy and histopathological exams of the large intestine and ileum of dogs with gastrointestinal disorders admitted at the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) and the Veterinary Hospital São Francisco de Assis to determine the frequency of injuries, their distribution in the intestinal segments, and the relationship of the findings observed in these two analyzes. The colonoscopy and histopathological findings of the case series were described using absolute and relative frequencies, as well as nature and intensity classification of the findings. Cohens Kappa coefficient was obtained to assess the concordance of nature and intensity classifications between colonoscopy and histopathology, and its 95% confidence interval constructed. The analyses were performed using the Software SAS University Edition. It was observed a moderate agreement between the classification of the nature of the findings by endoscopy and histopathology (Kappa coefficient = 0.39, CI = 0.20-0.59). This can also be observed when assessing the frequency of similar diagnoses between the methods, since only 39 (72.22%) were consistent, i.e., 15 (22.78%) diagnoses differed depending on the nature of the finding, which could have a great influence on the final diagnosis if histopathology was disregarded. For the intensity of the injuries, little agreement was observed between the methods (Kappa coefficient = 0.1243, C = -0.05-0.30). This was even more evident in the frequency of similar diagnoses in terms of intensity, of which 20 (37.04%) were similar and 34 (62.96%) were different. Inflammatory affections are the most frequently observed alterations in the large intestine and ileum of dogs. The most common finding that reveals inflammatory changes is the lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. As for the proliferative and neoplastic lesions, adenomatous polyps and lymphoma were common. The most affected sites of the large intestine were the descending colon and the rectum. Findings such as edema and reddening of the mucosa were frequent by macroscopy. Although the changes observed by colonoscopy and histopathology may not be similar, these techniques are complementary, which makes biopsies mandatory for a diagnostic conclusion.


RESUMO: A colonoscopia é uma técnica pouco invasiva utilizada para avaliação do intestino grosso por meio de inspeção direta da mucosa intestinal. Quando associada ao exame histopatológico, com a coleta de fragmentos do intestino, o diagnóstico definitivo pode ser obtido. O objetivo desse estudo retrospectivo foi associar os achados de exames de colonoscopia e histopatologia do intestino grosso e íleo em 54 cães com distúrbios gastrointestinais dos Hospitais Veterinários da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) e São Francisco de Assis. Na colonoscopia, as alterações mais frequentemente observadas foram edema, friabilidade e avermelhamento de mucosa. Quanto à distribuição de lesões por segmento intestinal, houve maior incidência de alterações inflamatórias, das quais foram as mais frequentes, com o infiltrado linfoplasmocitário sendo o mais comum em todos segmentos analisados (i.e. reto, cólon, ceco e íleo). O cólon ascendente e o reto foram os locais de alterações mais frequentes na colonoscopia e na histopatologia. Os pólipos hiperplásicos e o linfoma foram as lesões proliferativas de ocorrência mais comum. Houve baixa concordância entre as classificações por natureza e intensidade dos achados na colonoscopia e histopatologia. Assim, não foi possível associar alterações descritas nos exames histopatológicos quanto à natureza e intensidade das lesões utilizando a colonoscopia, o que leva à conclusão de que é essencial a realização de biópsias em todos os exames para conclusão diagnóstica.

14.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06741, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1250489

ABSTRACT

Colonoscopy is a minimally invasive technique used to assess the large intestine through direct inspection of the intestinal mucosa. When associated with histopathological examination of fragments collected from the intestine, the definitive diagnosis can be obtained. This retrospective study evaluated colonoscopy and histopathological exams of the large intestine and ileum of dogs with gastrointestinal disorders admitted at the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) and the Veterinary Hospital São Francisco de Assis to determine the frequency of injuries, their distribution in the intestinal segments, and the relationship of the findings observed in these two analyzes. The colonoscopy and histopathological findings of the case series were described using absolute and relative frequencies, as well as nature and intensity classification of the findings. Cohen's Kappa coefficient was obtained to assess the concordance of nature and intensity classifications between colonoscopy and histopathology, and its 95% confidence interval constructed. The analyses were performed using the Software SAS University Edition. It was observed a moderate agreement between the classification of the nature of the findings by endoscopy and histopathology (Kappa coefficient = 0.39, CI = 0.20-0.59). This can also be observed when assessing the frequency of similar diagnoses between the methods, since only 39 (72.22%) were consistent, i.e., 15 (22.78%) diagnoses differed depending on the nature of the finding, which could have a great influence on the final diagnosis if histopathology was disregarded. For the intensity of the injuries, little agreement was observed between the methods (Kappa coefficient = 0.1243, C = -0.05-0.30). This was even more evident in the frequency of similar diagnoses in terms of intensity, of which 20 (37.04%) were similar and 34 (62.96%) were different. Inflammatory affections are the most frequently observed alterations in the large intestine and ileum of dogs. The most common finding that reveals inflammatory changes is the lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. As for the proliferative and neoplastic lesions, adenomatous polyps and lymphoma were common. The most affected sites of the large intestine were the descending colon and the rectum. Findings such as edema and reddening of the mucosa were frequent by macroscopy. Although the changes observed by colonoscopy and histopathology may not be similar, these techniques are complementary, which makes biopsies mandatory for a diagnostic conclusion.(AU)


A colonoscopia é uma técnica pouco invasiva utilizada para avaliação do intestino grosso por meio de inspeção direta da mucosa intestinal. Quando associada ao exame histopatológico, com a coleta de fragmentos do intestino, o diagnóstico definitivo pode ser obtido. O objetivo desse estudo retrospectivo foi associar os achados de exames de colonoscopia e histopatologia do intestino grosso e íleo em 54 cães com distúrbios gastrointestinais dos Hospitais Veterinários da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) e São Francisco de Assis. Na colonoscopia, as alterações mais frequentemente observadas foram edema, friabilidade e avermelhamento de mucosa. Quanto à distribuição de lesões por segmento intestinal, houve maior incidência de alterações inflamatórias, das quais foram as mais frequentes, com o infiltrado linfoplasmocitário sendo o mais comum em todos segmentos analisados (i.e. reto, cólon, ceco e íleo). O cólon ascendente e o reto foram os locais de alterações mais frequentes na colonoscopia e na histopatologia. Os pólipos hiperplásicos e o linfoma foram as lesões proliferativas de ocorrência mais comum. Houve baixa concordância entre as classificações por natureza e intensidade dos achados na colonoscopia e histopatologia. Assim, não foi possível associar alterações descritas nos exames histopatológicos quanto à natureza e intensidade das lesões utilizando a colonoscopia, o que leva à conclusão de que é essencial a realização de biópsias em todos os exames para conclusão diagnóstica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Colonoscopy , Dogs/anatomy & histology , Endoscopy , Intestine, Large , Hospitals, Animal , Intestinal Mucosa
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873096

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the clinical efficacy of Changyanqing mixture on chronic recurrent ulcerative colitis (UC) with damp-heat syndrome of large intestine and the effect on the recurrence of disease, in order to discuss the mechanism of action in terms of the neuro-endocrine-immune inflammation network. Method::One hundred and twelve patients were randomly divided into control group (55 cases) and observation group (57 cases) by random number table. Patients in control group got mesalazine slow release tablets, 0.1 g/time, 4 times/days, and those the score of Mayo≥7 were added with prednisone acetate tablets, 0.75 mg·kg-1·d-1, and bifidobacterium viable powder with warm water after dinner, 1 pack/day, 2 times/days. In addition to the therapy of control group, patients in observation group were also given Changyanqing mixture in the morning and evening, 1 pack/day. A course of treatment was 6 weeks, and patients got further consultation once a week. During the remission stage, patients in both groups got mesalazine slow release tablets, 0.5 g/time, 3 times/days, and patients in observation group were added with Changyanqing mixture until the score of damp-heat syndrome of large intestine reduced by more than 90%. The number of patients entering the remission stage of 6 weeks and the time of remission stage were recorded. Before and after treatment, colonoscopy was detected, and Geboes index, Baron, damp-heat syndrome of large intestine and Mayo were scored. And levels of peripheral blood interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-10, IL-17, vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), motilin (MTL) and neuropeptide (NPY) were detected, and relapse at the 24-week follow-up was recorded. Result::After the 6-week treatment, the clinical efficacy in observation group was 100%, which was higher than 89.09%in control group (P<0.05). And the healing rate of mucosa was 96.4%, which was higher than 81.82%in control group (P<0.05). And the response rate in two groups was 100%. At the 6th month after the treatment, the clinical remission rate in observation group was 91.23%, which was higher than 76.36%in control group (χ2=4.581, P<0.05). And the average remission time was shorter than that in control group (P<0.01). After treatment, scores of colonic mucosa, Geboes index, colonic mucosa and Mayo were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01). And levels of IL-6, IL-8, IL-17, VIP and MTL were lower than those in control group (P<0.01), while levels of IL-10 and NPY were higher than those in control group (P<0.01). The relapse rate in observation group was 17.54%, which was lower than 38.18%in control group (χ2=5.955, P<0.05). And the mean recurrence time was longer than that in control group (P<0.01). Conclusion::In addition to the routine western medicine therapy, Changyanqing mixture can alleviate the condition of patients by shortening the course of the disease, reducing the recurrence rate, delaying the recurrence time, and regulating the nerve-endocrine-immune inflammation network.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846270

ABSTRACT

Objective: Using network pharmacology analysis method to explore the efficacy network and mechanism of Pediatric Xiaoji Zhike Oral Liquid (PXZOL) in treating children with food accumulation cough. Methods: We collected main components in PXZOL and their targets by using Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Information Database (TCM-ID) combined with literature. Functional constipation related targets were searched from Comparative Toxicogenomics Database (CTD), PubMed, Drugbank, and other databases combined with literature. The herb-component-target network and ingredient-target-disease interaction Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of PXZOL were constructed by Cytoscape 3.6.0 software. A core target network was constructed by screening targets in the PPI network. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Pathway analysis of the core target network were performed by using the ClueGO plugin. Organ localization of core targets was detected using the BioGPS database. Results: GO analysis showed that PXZOL exerted antitussive effect mainly by regulating nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling. The role of depletion is mainly achieved by the synthesis and regulation of related proteins. Pathway results showed that PXZOL exerts antitussive effects mainly through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway, retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I)-like receptor signaling pathway, interleukin 17 (IL-17) signaling pathway, and TNF receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6)-mediated NF-κB activation. The role of elimination is mainly achieved through a variety of immune and inflammatory signaling pathways. In terms of organ localization, nearly 50% of target sites for antitussive targets, targets for elimination, and common targets have more expression in the lungs and large intestine. Conclusion: PXZOL is based on the theory of traditional Chinese medicine "lung and large intestine phase" and the prescription of latent medicine, modern pharmacology research showed that the effect of "resolving accumulation and relieving cough" mostly concentrated on immunity and inflammation, and network pharmacology research found that the target and its common target have nearly 50% more expression in the lungs and large intestine. From the infective disease and the network of action, we suggest that the efficacy of PXZOL is manifested by mucosal immunity and inflammation-mediated pathways. The scientific nature of the theory with the large intestine also lays the foundation for further in-depth research and verification of the model and clinical practice of pediatric food accumulation cough.

17.
MedUNAB ; 23(2): 261-269, 22-07-2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118170

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colonoscopia es una exploración visual de la mucosa del colon, la cual consiste en la introducción de una sonda óptica flexible por el ano. Dentro de sus objetivos está la localización de lesiones de una manera muy precisa, obtener biopsias para su análisis al microscopio, realizar diversos procedimientos terapéuticos o diagnosticar lesiones pequeñas no detectables por métodos imagenológicos tradicionales. El objetivo del presente artículo es describir los hallazgos colonoscópicos en pacientes adultos de una institución prestadora de servicios de salud. Metodología. Estudio observacional, transversal con componente analítico, la información se recolectó de manera retrospectiva, en pacientes mayores de 18 años en ambos sexos, a los cuales se les realizó colonoscopia en una institución prestadora de servicios de salud de segundo nivel. Resultados. Se practicaron 521 procedimientos colonoscópicos en 291 mujeres y 230 hombres con mediana de edad de 63 años (rango 18-99), la proporción fue bastante superior en las personas mayores de 50 años, la frecuencia del procedimiento en mujeres fue superior con un 57.0% vs. el 43% de los hombres. El número de colonoscopias con resultado normal, fue más frecuente en las personas menores de 50 años (54.8%) contra 45.2% del total de los de 50 años en adelante. Conclusiones. La colonoscopia es un instrumento de gran utilidad al momento de diagnóstico, seguimiento y tratamiento de una gran variedad de patologías gastrointestinales, ya que, a través de esta importante herramienta diagnóstica es posible determinar y descartar otro tipo de patologías que afectan el sistema gastrointestinal. Cómo citar: Rodriguez NH, Logreira JD, Sanabria DF, Uribe JC. Hallazgos colonoscópicos en pacientes atendidos en una institución de salud del municipio de Barrancabermeja, Santander. MedUNAB. 2020;23(2): 261-269. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3834


Introduction. Colonoscopy is a visual exploration of the colonic mucosa, which consists of the insertion of a flexible optic catheter through the anus. Its objectives include to locate lesions very precisely, to obtain biopsies for their microscopic analysis, to carry out different therapeutic procedures and to diagnose small lesions that cannot be detected by traditional imaging techniques. The aim of this article is to describe the colonoscopy findings in adult patients of a health care institution. Methodology. Observational, cross-sectional study with an analytical component. The information was collected retrospectively from patients aged over 18 years, of both sexes, on which a colonoscopy was performed in a secondary health care institution. Results. A total of 521 colonoscopy procedures were conducted on 291 women and 230 men with an average age of 63 years (age range: 18-99 years). The proportion was greater among people aged over 50 years. The frequency of the procedure in women was higher with 57.0%, compared to 43% in men. The number of colonoscopies with a normal result was more frequent in people aged under 50 years (54.8%) compared to 45.2% of the total of those aged 50 years and over. Conclusion. Colonoscopy is a very useful instrument when diagnosing, monitoring and treating a great variety of gastrointestinal pathologies, because through this important diagnostic tool, it is possible to determine the existence of or rule out other kinds of pathologies that affect the gastrointestinal system. Cómo citar: Rodriguez NH, Logreira JD, Sanabria DF, Uribe JC. Hallazgos colonoscópicos en pacientes atendidos en una institución de salud del municipio de Barrancabermeja, Santander. MedUNAB. 2020;23(2): 261-269. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3834


Introdução. A colonoscopia é uma exploração visual da mucosa do cólon, que consiste na introdução de uma sonda óptica flexível através do ânus. Entre seus objetivos está a localização de lesões de maneira muito precisa, a obtenção de biópsias para análise ao microscópio, a realização de vários procedimentos terapêuticos ou o diagnóstico de pequenas lesões não detectáveis pelos métodos tradicionais de imagem. O objetivo deste artigo é descrever os achados de colonoscopia em pacientes adultos de uma instituição prestadora de serviços de saúde. Metodologia. Em estudo observacional, transversal, com componente analítico, as informações foram coletadas retrospectivamente em pacientes acima de 18 anos de ambos os sexos, submetidos à colonoscopia em instituição prestadora de serviços de saúde de segundo nível. Resultados. Foram realizados 521 procedimentos de colonoscopia em 291 mulheres e 230 homens com mediana de idade de 63 anos (variação de 18 a 99), a proporção foi muito maior em pessoas acima de 50 anos, a frequência do procedimento em mulheres foi maior em 57% vs. 43% nos homens. O número de colonoscopias com resultado normal foi mais frequente em pessoas com menos de 50 anos (54.8%) versus 45.2% do total das pessoas com 50 anos ou mais. Conclusão. A colonoscopia é um instrumento muito útil no diagnóstico, monitoramento e tratamento de uma ampla variedade de patologias gastrointestinais, pois, por meio desta importante ferramenta de diagnóstico, é possível determinar e descartar outros tipos de patologias que afetam o sistema gastrointestinal. Cómo citar: Rodriguez NH, Logreira JD, Sanabria DF, Uribe JC. Hallazgos colonoscópicos en pacientes atendidos en una institución de salud del municipio de Barrancabermeja, Santander. MedUNAB. 2020;23(2): 261-269. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3834


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Mass Screening , Gastroenterology , Intestinal Neoplasms , Intestine, Large , Intestine, Small
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862660

ABSTRACT

Objective::To compare the pharmacodynamic effects of pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products of Scutellariae Radix on rats with large intestine damp-heat syndrome, and to demonstrate the scientificness of dividing Scutellariae Radix into pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products as medicines by modern pharmacological test. Method::Rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, low-and high-dose group of pith-nodecayed products (0.9, 3.6 g·kg-1), low-and high-dose group of pith-decayed products (0.9, 3.6 g·kg-1), Scutellariae Radix group (0.9 g·kg-1), compound berberine tablets group (positive drug group, 0.045 g·kg-1), and 8 rats in each group. Taking model rats with large intestine damp-heat syndrome, the body temperature, thymus index, spleen index, pathological sections of colon and ileum, inflammatory factors and Secretory immunoglobulin (SIg) A content were selected as indexes to evaluate the therapeutic effect of pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products on large intestine damp-heat syndrome, and make comprehensive evaluation of the difference in efficacy between them. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) was employed to analyze the pharmacological indexes of these two products against large intestine damp-heat syndrome. Result::Pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products of Scutellariae Radix with different doses could reduce the body temperature, thymus index, spleen index, contents of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-6, IL-1β in serum and SIgA content in intestinal mucosa, and most of them had significant differences (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the isodose group of pith-decayed products, the effect of corresponding dose group of pith-nodecayed products was better, and most of them had significant differences (P<0.05, P<0.01). PLS-DA results indicated that there were significant differences in the pharmacological effects of pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products, and they were clustered on one side, respectively. Conclusion::Both of pith-nodecayed and pith-decayed products of Scutellariae Radix have therapeutic effect on large intestine damp-heat syndrome with distinctly different strength of action, and pith-nodecayed products is superior to pith-decayed products, which verify the scientific nature of pith-nodecayed products was specializedly used to treat bowel disease in ancient times.

19.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-209247

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The diagnosis of intestinal obstruction is a team work of radiologist and clinician. Acute abdominal conditionsrequire precise radiological diagnosis to achieve excellent results to reduce morbidity and mortality.Aims and Objectives: This study aims to study the various radiographical, ultrasonographic, and contrast-enhancedcomputerized tomography (CECT) findings associated with intestinal obstruction and to study the various causes of intestinalobstruction.Methodology: A prospective study of 50 patients admitted to the Mahatma Gandhi Memorial (MGM) Hospital, Warangal, duringthe period of November 2017–September 2019 with the diagnosis of intestinal obstruction.Results: A clinical study of 50 cases of intestinal obstruction was done at Osmania hospital at Hyderabad during November2017–September 2019. Intestinal obstruction whether in small bowel or large bowel occurs nearly in equal ratio in both sexes.Conclusion: Intestinal obstruction remains still a common and important surgical emergency. Obstruction due to adhesionsincreasing in incidence due to increased abdominal and pelvic surgeries. X-ray erect abdomen and ultrasonography abdomenare able to diagnose intestinal obstruction, but CECT has more sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing the intestinal obstruction.It also helps in the management of the intestinal obstruction.

20.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(4): 114-118, dic. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096800

ABSTRACT

Los lipomas del colon ocupan el tercer lugar en frecuencia de aparición de tumores benignos. Estos tumores están formados por tejido adiposo bien diferenciado con un estroma fibroso. La gran mayoría de estos lipomas es asintomática, algunos en raras ocasiones presentan complicaciones de urgencia. El fin de esta publicación es presentar un caso de obstrucción de colon por lipoma. (AU)


Benign colonic lesions are infrequent and account for a low percentage of all colonic tumors. Among the benign tumors, lipomas are third in frequency. They are composed of mature adipose tissue with fibrous stroma. Most of them are asymptomatic but in rare instances, they may present as surgical emergencies. We present one case of colonic obstruction caused by lipomas. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Colonic Neoplasms/complications , Intussusception/etiology , Intussusception/diagnostic imaging , Lipoma/complications , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Colonoscopy/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Intussusception/surgery , Lipoma/surgery
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