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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996624

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare clinical effects of enlarged thymectomy for the treatment of myasthenia gravis (MG) complicated with thymoma via subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic resection versus median sternotomy resection. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with MG complicated with thymoma admitted in Tangdu Hospital of the Air Force Military Medical University between December 2011 and December 2021. Patients who underwent subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic enlarged thymectomy were allocated to a SR group, and patients who underwent median sternotomy enlarged thymectomy were allocated to a MR group. Perioperative outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results    A total of 456 patients were collected. There were 51 patients in the MR group, including 30 males and 21 females aged 23-66 (49.5±11.8) years. There were 405 patients in the SR group, among whom 51 patients were matched to the MR group by propensity score matching, including 28 males and 23 females aged 26-70 (47.2±12.2) years. The operations were accomplished successfully in all patients, and no conversion to thoracotomy occurred in the SR group. The SR group had advantages in the operation time, intraoperative blood loss,  chest drainage duration, hospital stay time, patients’ satisfaction level, pain score and complications (all P<0.05). No statistical difference was found in the number of intraoperative lymph node dissection stations, number of intraoperative lymph nodes dissected or remission of MG between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion    Subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic enlarged thymectomy and lymphadenectomy is a safe, effective and feasible minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of MG complicated with thymoma.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979530

ABSTRACT

@#Thoracoscopic minimally invasive technology has been used in mitral valve plasty since 1990s. Totally thoracoscopic mitral valve plasty has the advantages of small trauma, beautiful incision and rapid postoperative recovery. It is favored by more and more patients and cardiac surgeons. However, according to the reports, the proportion of totally thoracoscopic mitral valve surgery in China is still low. Mitral valve plasty via the totally thoracoscopic approach is still controversial in terms of population adaptation, perioperative complications and long-term prognosis. In addition, the technical difficulty and the long training cycle of surgeons also limit the popularization of this technology. By summarizing the existing literature, this paper analyzes the application and development of totally thoracoscopic approach in comparison with the traditional median thoracotomy mitral valve plasty.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958423

ABSTRACT

Objective:The aim of this study was to compare the perioperative outcomes of a totally thoracoscopic repeat mitral valve surgery under hypothermic ventricular fibrillation with those of a conventional median sternotomy approach for repeat mitral valve surgery and to explore the safety of the totally thoracoscopic repeat mitral valve surgery under hypothermic ventricular fibrillation.Methods:Patients requiring repeat mitral valve surgery admitted by the same surgeon at Cardiovascular Surgery, First Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2018 to January 2022 were retrospectively enrolled. The patients were divided into the totally thoracoscopic group under hypothermic ventricular fibrillation and the conventional median sternotomy group according to the procedure, and the preoperative baseline data and perioperative outcomes were collected and statistically analyzed using SPSS 22.0.Results:A total of 91 patients matched the criteria for study enrollment, 25 in the totally thoracoscopic group and 66 in the median sternotomy group. There was no statistical difference in the preoperative baseline data between the two groups. The totally thoracoscopic group has advantages in mitral valvuloplasty rate(32.0% vs. 7.6%, P=0.008), transfusion rate(72.0% vs. 98.5%, P<0.001), mechanical ventilation time [(19.0±27.8)h vs.(43.3±58.3)h, P=0.009], chest drainage tube time [(2.2±1.9)days vs.(3.7±2.4)days, P=0.004], postoperative chest drainage volume [(489.6±319.1)ml vs.(913.6±568.4)ml, P=0.001], postoperative discharge time[(8.0±2.7)days vs.(13.9±12.8)days, P=0.026]. The totally thoracoscopic group had a longer cardiopulmonary bypass time [(180.8±41.7)min vs.(143.2±39.7)min, P<0.001], and it had an intraoperative ventricular fibrillation time of(100.2±42.5)min. There were no statistically significant differences in the postoperative complication rate(12.0% vs. 21.2%, P=0.481) and mortality(4.0% vs. 4.5%, P=1.000) between the two groups. Conclusion:The totally thoracoscopic approach has the characteristics of less invasion and faster recovery compared with the median sternotomy approach. Hypothermic ventricular fibrillation simplifies the procedure at the ascending aorta while reducing myocardial injury than conventional occlusion of the ascending aorta. Totally thoracoscopic mitral valve surgery under hypothermic ventricular fibrillation is a safe minimally invasive technique.

4.
Colomb. med ; 52(2): e4024592, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249644

ABSTRACT

Abstract Penetrating torso trauma is the second leading cause of death following head injury. Traffic accidents, falls and overall blunt trauma are the most common mechanism of injuries in developed countries; whereas, penetrating trauma which includes gunshot and stabs wounds is more prevalent in developing countries due to ongoing violence and social unrest. Penetrating chest and abdominal trauma have high mortality rates at the scene of the incident when important structures such as the heart, great vessels, or liver are involved. Current controversies surround the optimal surgical approach of these cases including the use of an endovascular device such as the Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) and the timing of additional imaging aids. This article aims to shed light on this subject based on the experience earned during the past 30 years in trauma critical care management of the severely injured patient. We have found that prioritizing the fact that the patient is hemodynamically unstable and obtaining early open or endovascular occlusion of the aorta to gain ground on avoiding the development of the lethal diamond is of utmost importance. Damage control surgery starts with choosing the right surgery of the right cavity in the right patient. For this purpose, we present a practical and simple guide on how to perform the surgical approach to penetrating torso trauma in a hemodynamically unstable patient.


Resumen El trauma penetrante del torso representa la segunda causa de muerte de origen traumático después del trauma craneoencefálico. En países desarrollados existe mayor prevalencia de trauma cerrado, asociado principalmente a accidentes de tránsito o caídas de grandes alturas. Mientas, que en países en vía de desarrollo el trauma penetrante es más prevalente con heridas por arma de fuego o por arma blanca asociado a la violencia y las desigualdades sociales. El trauma penetrante torácico y abdominal pueden presentar altas tasas de mortalidad en la escena del trauma si se comprometen estructuras importantes como el corazón, los grandes vasos o el hígado. Actualmente, existen controversias sobre el adecuado abordaje quirúrgico con la implementación o no de dispositivos endovasculares como el balón de resucitación endovascular de oclusión aórtica (Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Oclussion of the Aorta - REBOA) y la realización de ayudas imagenológicas. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar el conocimiento sobre este tema, basado en la experiencia adquirida durante los últimos 30 años con el manejo del trauma, cirugía general y cuidado crítico. Sostenemos que en un paciente hemodinámicamente inestable se debe realizar una temprana oclusión aórtica endovascular o abierta con el objetivo de evitar el desarrollo o propagación del rombo de la muerte. Con este propósito, presentamos una guía práctica y sencilla sobre el abordaje quirúrgico del paciente hemodinámicamente inestable con trauma penetrante del torso.

5.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886204

ABSTRACT

The patient is a 39-year-old-man who had rheumatic heart disease and had undergone mitral and aortic valve replacements with mechanical St. Jude prostheses as well as tricuspid valve repair and a MAZE procedure 17 years previously. He was admitted with ventricular tachycardia (VT) and an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) was implanted. Four months later, he was admitted again with VT, and attempts to manage the VT with drugs were not successful. We performed electro-anatomical mapping and ablation for VT by re-median sternotomy. His postoperative course was uneventful. At 15 months after surgery, no recurrence of VT was recognized.

6.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873922

ABSTRACT

Systemic-pulmonary shunt for neonate and small infant with decreased pulmonary blood flow is an important first palliative surgery as simple palliation or complex palliative open-heart surgery to affect the completeness of subsequent radical or second surgery. It is important to understand the hemodynamics according to each disease and determine the shunt design considering the “shape” and “flow rate” of the shunt. In recent years, Blalock-Taussig shunt (BT shunt) and central shunt through median sternotomy have become mainstream, however conventional BT shunt through lateral thoracotomy is still an important basic procedure which pediatric cardiac surgeons should learn. Pulmonary artery banding (PAB) or bilateral PAB is also an important palliative procedure to protect the right and left pulmonary vascular beds equally for pulmonary high-flow complex heart disease and functional single ventricle. It is essential to perform secure PAB or bilateral PAB, which leads to the next procedure smoothly.

7.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-205372

ABSTRACT

Background: Penetrating cardiac injuries are rare and considered the most lethal of all trauma patients. Managing cardiac injuries is a great challenge for the trauma surgeons and the outcome of the treatment of such critical condition depends on the mechanism of injury, haemodynamic status of the patients at the time of presentation, heart chamber involved and other associated injuries. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective observational study of consecutive six patients with penetrating cardiac injuries from January 2015 to December 2019 treated in Regional Institute of Medical Sciences, Imphal, India. eFAST and CT scan of the chest were the main imaging methods used for diagnosis. All patients underwent tube thoracostomy for associated haemothorax in the emergency ward. Results: All the patients had penetrating cardiac injuries due to stabbing. Five (63.3%) patients presented with features of cardiac tamponade or with severe hypotension (systolic BP less than 80 mmHg) and one (16.7%) patient who was haemodynamically stable at the time of presentation had developed features of cardiac tamponade after 24 hours. Four patients had undergone emergency left anterolateral thoracotomy, one patient had undergone median sternotomy, and one patient underwent left anterolateral thoracotomy on the second day after admission. Conclusion: A high index of suspicion for cardiac trauma is extremely important in patients presented with penetrating thoracic injuries or upper abdominal injuries. Computed tomography of the chest can show the haemopericardium giving detailed information of associated pulmonary injury and hemothorax. Prompt diagnosis and early surgical intervention play a vital role to save these critically injured patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837691

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To compare the efficacy and safety of mitral valvuloplasty via minimally invasive approach with those of mitral valvuloplasty via traditional median sternotomy. Methods    A total of 1 221 patients undergoing mitral valvuloplasty from January 2015 to August 2018 in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital were analyzed retrospectively, including 721 males and 500 females, with an average age of 47.2±15.1 years. According to the different surgical methods, they were divided into a study group (n=654), who received mitral valvuloplasty via the totally thoracoscopic approach, and a control group (n=567), who received mitral valvuloplasty via traditional median sternotomy. Clinical data, surgical results, and perioperative outcomes of the two groups were compared. Results    There was no significant difference in preoperative general data between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the study group had longer cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamping time (146.7±42.4 min vs. 122.7±30.6 min, 96.2±32.7 min vs. 78.3±23.8 min, both P=0.000), and shorter total operation time (227.4±55.3 min vs. 238.1±56.4 min, P=0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of secondary cross-clamping and mitral valve replacement between the two groups (3.7% vs. 2.6%, P=0.312; 1.7% vs. 1.4%, P=0.690). The blood transfusion rate and the incidence of respiratory tract infection and postoperative poor wound healing were lower (13.0% vs. 24.5%, 2.1%vs. 18.0%, 1.5% vs. 5.3%, all P=0.000) and the postoperative hospital stay was shorter (6.2±4.4 d vs. 11.5±8.8 d, P=0.000) in the study group. There was no significant difference in hospitalization expense between the two groups (95 847.9±31 322.0 yuan vs. 99 673.1±47 930.3 yuan, P=0.149). Within 30 d after surgery, 1 patient died in the study group and 4 patients died in the control group. Before discharge, there were 4 and 5 patients with severe mitral valve regurgitation in the study group and the control group, respectively. Conclusion    Compared with mitral valvuloplasty via traditional median sternotomy, minimally invasive mitral valvuloplasty is superior in shortening operation time and postoperative hospital stay, lowering blood transfusion rate, and reducing postoperative complications, which can achieve better clinical outcomes.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824986

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation with mitral valve replacement under totally thoracoscopic surgery. Methods    The clinical data of 107 patients with rheumatic mitral disease and atrial fibrillation who underwent mitral valve replacement and radiofrequency ablation at the same time in our hospital from January 2014 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: a totally thoracoscopic surgery group (n=51, including 20 males and 31 females, aged 50.57±5.24 years) and a median sternotomy group (n=56, including 21 males and 35 females, aged 52.12±5.59 years) according to the surgical methods. The preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative data of the patients were compared. Results    All operations were successfully completed without death. In terms of bleeding volume, drainage volume, ventilator-assisted breathing time, hospital stay and incision length, the totally thoracoscopic surgery group was better than the median sternotomy group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The cardiopulmonary bypass time and radiofrequency ablation time in the totally thoracoscopic surgery group were longer than those in the median sternotomy group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time, aortic occlusion time, postoperative complications, left ventricular ejection fraction, left atrial diameter and sinus rhythm maintenance between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no atrioventricular block, pulmonary vein stenosis, atrioesophageal fistula, coronary artery injury, stroke or hemorrhage during the follow-up. Conclusion    Radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation with mitral valve replacement under totally thoracoscopic surgery is safe and effective, and it is worthy of clinical application.

10.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-206159

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients often need to use their arms to assist with functional activities, but after open heart surgery pushing with the arms is limited to minimize force across the healing sternum. Objectives: The main purposes of this study were to determine: 1) how accurately patients can estimate arm weight bearing with 10 lb or less of force and 2) if feedback training is effective for improving ability to estimate arm force and reduce pectoralis major muscle contraction during functional activities. Materials and Methods: An instrumented walker was used to measure arm force during functional mobility tasks including walker ambulation and sit-stand transfers. Pectoralis major muscle electromyography (EMG) activity was measured simultaneously in study participants (n = 21). After baseline testing, study participants underwent a brief session of visual and auditory concurrent feedback training. Data analyses included t-tests, ANOVA, and Pearson correlations (P<0.05). Results: Results showed that self-selected arm force was greater than 10 lb for all tasks (11.7-19.0 lb) but after feedback training, it was significantly lower (8.3-9.8 lb). During most trials (67%), study participants used more than 12 lb of arm force. Pectoralis major muscle EMG values were less than 10% of maximal voluntary contractions and were reduced (2.7-3.3%) after feedback training. Conclusions: Results indicate that patients may not be able to accurately estimate upper extremity force used during weight bearing activities, and that visual and auditory feedback improves accuracy. Activation of the pectoralis major muscle during arm weight bearing is minimal, suggesting minor force occurs across the sternum. An instrumented walker and feedback training appear to be very clinically useful for patients recovering from open heart surgery.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746177

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare and analyze clinical effects of extended thymectomy for the treatment of thymoma with myasthenia gravis(MG) between subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic resection(SR) and the median sternotomy(MS) with a propensity-matched analysis.Methods We retrospectively analyzed 528 patients presented with MG and admitted in Tangdu Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University from December 2011 to December 2016,among whom 402 underwent subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic extended thymectomy(SR group) and 126 median sternotomy(MS group).Another 126 patients were produced by a propensity-matched analysis in these 402 patients,to match with MS group.Perioperative outcomes were compared between SR group and MS group.Results All operations were accomplished successfully,without conversion to thoracotomy in SR group.Most postoperative outcomes were equal in remission of MG and postoperative complication between the two groups(P > 0.05).There were statistical differences between MS group and SR group in operation time [(106.3 ±32.7)min vs.(533.2 ±37.3) min],intraoperative blood loss[(138.2 ±26.7)ml vs.(38.2 ± 10.3) ml],chest drainage duration[(3.3 ± 1.6) days vs.0 day],hospital length of stay [(5.0 ± 2.5) days vs.(2.5 ± 1.8) days],patients'satisfaction level(6.1 ±2.3 vs.8.9 ± 1.2),the incidence of postoperative wound infections(4.8% vs.0.8%),the incidence of myasthenic crisis(7.1% vs.1.6%)and pain scores,all P <0.05.Conclusion Subxiphoid and subcostal arch thoracoscopic extended thymectomy is a safe and feasible minimally invasive procedure for tmanagement of MG with thymoma.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731910

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the application of delayed sternal closure (DSC) following arterial switch operation for neonates with transposition of great arteries (D-TGA). Methods We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 172 neonates underwent arterial switch operation with transposition of great arteries (D-TGA) between June 1st 2009 and December 31st 2015. These neonates were divided into 2 groups including a DSC group (118 patients with 99 males and 19 females) and a non-DSC group (54 patients with 47 males and 7 females). The outcome of the two groups were compared. Results Preoperative mechanical ventilation(P<0.001), emergency surgery (P=0.023) and extracorporeal circulation time (P<0.001) were the risk factors for delayed sternal closure. The incidence of complications of median sternotomy incision in the DSC group was not higher than that in the non-DSC group. The mortality rate in the DSC group was markedly higher than that in the non-DSC group (P<0.001). However, DSC was not a risk factor for the death of the neonates. Conclusion Delayed sternal closure does not increase the incidence of complications of the median sternotomy incision, nor is it a risk factor for the death of the neonates. Reasonable application of delayed sternal closure is helpful for early postoperative recovery of the neonates.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719786

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To compare three surgical treatments for mediastinal mass with myasthenia gravis. Methods Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 53 patients who underwent extended thymectomy between January 2010 and December 2017 in our hospital. There were 29 males and 24 females, aged 17-73 years. Patients were divided into three groups according to the surgical methods: a group A (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with the da Vinci robotic system, n=22), a group B (video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, n=12) and a group C (median sternotomy, n=19). The gender distribution, age, intraoperative blood loss, operation time, postoperative extubation time, postoperative hospital stay, Osserman classification of myasthenia gravis, postoperative myasthenic remission rate, etc were compared in three groups. Results No perioperative death was observed in 53 patients. One patient in the group C suffered from postoperative myasthenic crisis and improved after active treatment. One patient with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was converted to median sternotomy due to the intraoperative injury of the left brachiocephalic vein. Compared with the group B and group C, the group A had shorter operation time, less intraoperative blood loss and drainage on the first postoperative day and fewer days of extubation. Postoperative hospital stay was less in the group A than that in the group C (P<0.05). The postoperative myasthenic remission rate was higher in the group A than that in the other two groups, but there was no statistical difference. Conclusion Because of the robot’s unique minimally invasive advantage, in this study, the outcome of patients with myasthenia gravis treated with Da Vinci robots and thymectomy is better than that of the remaining two groups in terms of perioperative outcomes and myasthenic remission rate. But long-term results and a large of number matching experiments are needed to confirm. However, it is undeniable that robotic surgery must be the future of the minimally invasive surgery.

14.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688751

ABSTRACT

A 76-year-old man with a history of total esophagectomy and retrosternal gastric tube reconstruction for esophageal cancer was transferred to our hospital because of consciousness disorder. It became an emergency operation on diagnosis of Stanford type A acute aortic dissection on enhanced CT. Because CT showed the retrosternal gastric tube ran along the right side of the body of the sternum through the back side of the manubrium, we opted for skin and the suprasternal incision on the left side from center. We could perform total aortic arch replacement without the damage of the gastric tube except that the right side of the operative view was slightly poor. We did not recognize digestive organ symptoms such as postoperative passage disorders nor mediastinitis. The patient was discharged from our hospital on postoperative day 24.

15.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 87(4): 302-306, oct.-dic. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-887540

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Describir la morbimortalidad operatoria relacionada a re-esternotomía media en pacientes con corazón univentricular en el Instituto Nacional de Pediatría. Método: Estudio de serie de casos retrospectiva, descriptiva y analítica del año 2001 al 2016. Resultados: Se encontraron 65 pacientes que requirieron 76 procedimientos. Hubo 59 primeras re-esternotomías, con promedio de edad de 36 meses (4-176 meses) y peso 12.2 kg (3.2-21.5 kg); se realizaron 40 procedimientos de Glenn y 19 procedimientos de Fontan. Se practicaron 17 segundas re-esternotomías, con promedio de edad de 89 meses (48-156 meses) y 22.7 kg de peso (14.4-41 kg), en quienes se realizaron 17 procedimientos de Fontan. Hubo dos lesiones en primeras re-esternotomías, una lesión a la coronaria derecha con cambios electrocardiográficos, y una apertura incidental de la aurícula derecha que causó hipotensión. Reportamos una muerte secundaria a lesión de la aorta con sangrado masivo durante una segunda re-esternotomía, lo que representa una morbimortalidad del 3.9%. Conclusiones: Concluimos que la re-esternotomía es un procedimiento seguro en nuestro centro.


Abstract: Objective: To establish the morbidity and mortality of patients with univentricular hearts who underwent a repeat median sternotomy at the Instituto Nacional de Pediatría. Method: A retrospective review was performed on the clinical charts of all patients who under-went a repeat median sternotomy from 2001 to 2016. Results: Sixty-five patients underwent 76 surgeries by repeat median sternotomy. Fifty-nine patients had a first repeat median sternotomy, with a mean age of 36 months (range: 4-176 months) and a mean weight of 12.2 kg (range: 3.2-21.5 kg). Forty patients had a Glenn procedure, and 19 patients had a Fontan procedure. There were 17 patients with a second repeat median sternotomy, with a mean age of 89 months (range 48-156 months), and a mean weight of 22.7 kg (14.4-41 kg). A Fontan procedure was performed on all these 17 patients. A section of the right coronary artery with electrocardiographic changes and a right atrium tear that caused hypotension occurred during first repeat sternotomy. An aortic tear occurred during a second repeat sternotomy with massive bleeding and subsequent death. This represents 3.9% of re-entry injuries. Conclusion: It is concluded that repeat median sternotomy is a safe procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Palliative Care/methods , Sternotomy/methods , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery , Heart Ventricles/abnormalities , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Sternotomy/adverse effects
16.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379326

ABSTRACT

<p>Cardiovascular surgeons, generally have many strong preferences regarding basic surgical skills, such as thoracotomy, graft harvesting, or vascular anastomosis. However, those basic skills have not been discussed great detail. The aim of this study is to survey the methods of median sternotomy, targeting cardiovascular surgeons in Japan aged Under 40, and to share the results of those basic skills.</p>

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662885

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the surgical outcome and long-term follow-up after mitral valve replacement through either minimally invasive(MI) or traditional median stemotomy(ST) surgery.Methods All 1 096 patients who received either MI or ST mitral valve replacement surgery,between January 1,2012 and July 30,2015 were analyzed for outcome differences due to surgical approach using propensity score matching(MI group n =405,ST group n =691).Find out the best matched with the 202 cases of the two groups.The clinical data of patients were collected including operativedata,postoperativecomplications,and follow-up.Results MI Group was longer in CPB time [(145.97 ±34.65)min vs.(92.24 ±25.58)min,(P < 0.001)],aortic clamping time [(93.89 ± 25.25) min vs.(56.42 ± 18.09) min,(P < 0.001)],and operating time[(237.49 ± 47.48) min vs.(217.31 ± 55.95) min,(P < 0.001)].The MI group was associated with more less in transfusion(24.26% vs 33.66% P=0.037),mechanical ventilation[(15.29 ±11.45)h vs.(21.34 ±40.36)h,(P=0.041)],ICU stay[(44.12 ±39.51)h vs.(61.15 ± 106.01) h,(P =0.033)],volume of thoracic drainag[(404.11 ±485.84)ml vs.(674.82 ±585.37)ml,(P<0.001)],postoperative drainage time[(2.59 ±1.75)d vs.(4.25 ±1.91)d,(P <0.001)],hospital stay [(5.64 ± 3.07) d vs.(1 1.44 ± 6.71) d,(P < 0.001)].There were no significant difference in the complications of follow-up(P > 0.05).SF-36 score had no significant difference either(P > 0.05).Conclusion The minimally invasive thoracoseopic has longer in CBP time and cross-clamp time,;but it didnot increase the risk of mortality and complications.What's more,havingless trauma,fewer transfusions,lcss wound infection,faster rccovcry,and high satisfaction with the incision in long-term follow up and other advantages.Minimally invasive thoracoscopic cardiac surgery is safe,effective and feasible.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660946

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the surgical outcome and long-term follow-up after mitral valve replacement through either minimally invasive(MI) or traditional median stemotomy(ST) surgery.Methods All 1 096 patients who received either MI or ST mitral valve replacement surgery,between January 1,2012 and July 30,2015 were analyzed for outcome differences due to surgical approach using propensity score matching(MI group n =405,ST group n =691).Find out the best matched with the 202 cases of the two groups.The clinical data of patients were collected including operativedata,postoperativecomplications,and follow-up.Results MI Group was longer in CPB time [(145.97 ±34.65)min vs.(92.24 ±25.58)min,(P < 0.001)],aortic clamping time [(93.89 ± 25.25) min vs.(56.42 ± 18.09) min,(P < 0.001)],and operating time[(237.49 ± 47.48) min vs.(217.31 ± 55.95) min,(P < 0.001)].The MI group was associated with more less in transfusion(24.26% vs 33.66% P=0.037),mechanical ventilation[(15.29 ±11.45)h vs.(21.34 ±40.36)h,(P=0.041)],ICU stay[(44.12 ±39.51)h vs.(61.15 ± 106.01) h,(P =0.033)],volume of thoracic drainag[(404.11 ±485.84)ml vs.(674.82 ±585.37)ml,(P<0.001)],postoperative drainage time[(2.59 ±1.75)d vs.(4.25 ±1.91)d,(P <0.001)],hospital stay [(5.64 ± 3.07) d vs.(1 1.44 ± 6.71) d,(P < 0.001)].There were no significant difference in the complications of follow-up(P > 0.05).SF-36 score had no significant difference either(P > 0.05).Conclusion The minimally invasive thoracoseopic has longer in CBP time and cross-clamp time,;but it didnot increase the risk of mortality and complications.What's more,havingless trauma,fewer transfusions,lcss wound infection,faster rccovcry,and high satisfaction with the incision in long-term follow up and other advantages.Minimally invasive thoracoscopic cardiac surgery is safe,effective and feasible.

19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 556-561, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-227795

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Coarctation of the aorta in adulthood is generally associated with other cardiovascular disorders requiring surgical management. An extra anatomic bypass grafting from the ascending to descending aorta by posterior pericardial approach via median sternotomy could be a reasonable single stage surgical strategy for these patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seven male patients aged between 14-41 years underwent an extra anatomic bypass grafting for coarctation repair concomitantly with the surgical management of the associated cardiovascular disorders via median sternotomy. Preoperative mean systolic arterial blood pressure was 161.8±24.5 mmHg, although the patients were under treatment of different combinations of antihypertensive agents. Additional surgical procedures were: aortic valve replacement (n=4), ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure (n=2), ascending aortic replacement (n=3) and Bentall procedure (n=1). None of our patients have been previously diagnosed or operated on for coarctation. Data were evaluated during their hospital stay and in post-operative follow-up. RESULTS: The post-operative course was uneventful in all but one patient was re-operated on due to bleeding. There was neither mortality nor significant morbidity during the in-hospital period and all patients were discharged within 5-9 (mean: 6.3±1.5) days. The mean follow up period was 71.83±23 months (range: 23-95 months). Unfortunately one of our patients could not be contacted for a follow up period because of invalid personal data. CONCLUSION: Coarctation of the aorta in adulthood associated with other cardiovascular disorders can be operated on simultaneously via an extra anatomic bypass grafting technique with low morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Antihypertensive Agents , Aorta, Thoracic , Aortic Coarctation , Aortic Valve , Arterial Pressure , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Hemorrhage , Length of Stay , Mortality , Sternotomy , Transplants
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494271

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of delayed sternal closure (DSC) following neonatal cardiac surgery.Methods We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 360 neonatal patients underwent cardiac surgery through median sternotomy in Guangdong General Hospital between June 2009 and June 2014.These neonates were divided into 2 groups:DSC group (190 cases) and non-DSC group(170 cases).Comparing the differences between 2 groups,we analysed the application of DSC following neonatal cardiac surgery and the effect of DSC on surgical site infection.Results The cardiopulmonary bypass time,cross clamp time and mechanical ventilation time were longer in DSC group than in non-DSC group.The mortality rate in the DSC group(20.53%) was markedly higher than that in the non-DSC group(5.29%).However,there was no statistical difference in the incidence of sternal wound infection between 2 groups.Conclusion As an effective treatment for neonates with severe cardiac surgery,DSC doesn' t increase the incidence of surgical site infection.

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