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1.
Rev. biol. trop ; 72(supl.1): e59016, Mar. 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1559344

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The genus Agassizia in Mexico is represented both in the fossil record by the species Agassizia regia† during the Miocene of Chiapas and by the extant species Agassizia excentrica on the Atlantic coast and Agassizia scrobiculata on the Pacific coast. Qualitative diagnosis and descriptions make it hard to distinguish morphological boundaries between species, especially in groups with fossils and recent representatives, increasing the level of complexity by having samples of disparate qualities and quantities. Objective: We propose the use of little explored statistical methods in the comparison of paleontological and biological populations. This methodology allowed us to resolve issues of missing values in a morphometric data set for the genus Agassizia. Methods: Using samples recently collected and specimens already housed in collections, we explore a routine of recovery of missing data MICE and the numerical and graphic analyses PERMANOVA, PCA, and SIMPER to compare morphometric parameters between these species for recognizing diagnostic characters. Results: Our results show a morphological difference in the length of the ambulacrum II and the length and width of the periproct and peristome structures, these being greater in A. scrobiculata, with a consistent pattern in both population samples not previously described. Conclusions: Quantitative morphometric comparisons can be an assertive and complementary tool to determine distinctive differentiation characteristics in species of the same genus. Comparative morphology reviews should be an ongoing exercise to keep taxonomic knowledge on both extinct and extant species up to date. Our research encourage the scientific community studying fossil populations to utilize quantitative and multivariate methods to strengthen their investigations.


Resumen Introducción: El género Agassizia en México está representado tanto en el registro fósil por la especie Agassizia regia† del Mioceno de Chiapas, como por las especies actuales Agassizia excentrica de la costa del Atlántico y Agassizia scrobiculata de la costa del Pacífico. Las descripciones y diagnosis cualitativas dificultan reconocer los limites morfológicos entre especies, especialmente en grupos con representantes fósiles y recientes, e incrementando el nivel de complejidad al tener muestras de cantidad y calidad desiguales. Objetivo: Proponemos el uso de métodos estadísticos poco explorados en la comparación de poblaciones paleontológicas y biológicas. Esta metodología nos permitió resolver problemas de valores faltantes en un conjunto de datos morfométricos para el género Agassizia. Métodos: Usando muestras recolectadas para este fin, así como provenientes de colecciones científicas, exploramos una rutina de recuperación de datos faltantes MICE, y los análisis numéricos y gráficos PERMANOVA, PCA y SIMPER para comparar parámetros morfométricos entre estas especies y reconocer caracteres de diagnóstico. Además, comparamos cuidadosamente los caracteres morfológicos descritos previamente en la literatura taxonómica y la descripción ambiental del hábitat actual de A. scrobiculata. Resultados: Nuestros resultados muestran una diferencia morfológica en la longitud del ambulacrum II y la longitud y anchura de las estructuras del periprocto y peristoma, siendo estas mayores en A. scrobiculata, con un patrón consistente en ambas muestras poblacionales no descrito previamente. El hábitat actual de las muestras de A. scrobiculata en la costa del Pacífico es un sistema costero poco profundo con sedimentos arenosos y temperaturas tropicales. Bahía Chamela comparte varias similitudes con la fauna y las condiciones ambientales previamente descritas en el Mioceno de Chiapas. Conclusiones: Las comparaciones morfométricas cuantitativas pueden ser una herramienta poderosa y complementaria para determinar caracteres distintivos de diferenciación en especies del mismo género. Las revisiones de morfología comparativa deben ser un ejercicio continuo para mantener actualizado el conocimiento taxonómico sobre las especies existentes y extintas. Nuestro trabajo busca incentivar a la comunidad científica que trabaja con poblaciones fósiles a explorar estos y otros métodos cuantitativos y multivariados para fortalecer sus investigaciones.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sea Urchins/anatomy & histology , Anthropometry , Mexico
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1560467

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar si la anemia crónica es un factor de riesgo asociado a la muerte por choque hipovolémico en adultos peruanos. Métodos: estudio observacional, de casos y controles, basado en datos del Sistema Nacional de Defunciones del Ministerio de Salud peruano entre enero de 2021 a septiembre de 2022. La población estudiada fue de 281.456 adultos cuando se analizó según sexo, y 281.416 adultos cuando se dividió según grupo etario con una diferencia de 40 datos perdidos durante el procesamiento de la información. Se incluyó a pacientes con y sin anemia (variable independiente), cuyas causas de muerte inmediata fueron divididas en muertes por choque hipovolémico (variable dependiente) y muertes por otras causas inmediatas. Se realizó la prueba de Chi-cuadrado y el coeficiente V de Cramer, así como el análisis multivariado considerando variables como la edad y el sexo. Se consideró un valor de p significativo menor a 0,05 con un intervalo de confianza al 95%. Resultados: 1627 hombres fallecieron por choque hipovolémico de los cuales 18,20% tuvo anemia crónica (p<0,001). De 1540 mujeres fallecidas, 21,30% tuvo anemia crónica (p<0,001) y en ambos grupos (3167) el 19,70% tuvo anemia crónica (p<0,001). Con la prueba V de Cramer se halló una asociación positiva y baja entre las variables estudiadas (p<0,001). Los pacientes con anemia crónica tuvieron mayor probabilidad de morir por choque hipovolémico que los fallecidos sin anemia crónica, siendo mayor en adultos a partir de los 40 años, datos reafirmados en el modelo de regresión logística binaria. Conclusiones: la anemia crónica es una comorbilidad que supone un aumento del riesgo de muerte en pacientes con choque hipovolémico. Independientemente de la etiología del choque, el control y corrección de la anemia crónica podría tener un impacto en la reducción de la mortalidad de la hipovolemia aguda en adultos peruanos.


Objective: To determine if chronic anemia is a risk factor associated with death due to hypovolemic shock in Peruvian adults. Methods: Observational, case-control study, based on data from the National Death System of the Peruvian Ministry of Health between January 2021 and September 2022. Patients with and without anemia (independent variable) were included, whose causes of immediate death were divided into deaths due to hypovolemic shock (dependent variable) and deaths due to other immediate causes. The Chi-square test and Cramer's V coefficient were performed, as well as multivariate analysis considering variables such as age and sex. A significant p value of less than 0.05 with a 95% confidence interval was considered. Results: One thousand six hundred and twenty-seven men died from hypovolemic shock, of which 18.20% had chronic anemia (p<0.001). Of 1540 deceased women, 21.30% had chronic anemia (p<0.001) and in both groups (3167) 19.70% had chronic anemia (p<0.001). With Cramer's V test, a positive and low association was found between the variables studied (p<0.001). Patients with chronic anemia were more likely to die from hypovolemic shock than those who died without chronic anemia, and this was higher in adults over 40 years of age, data reaffirmed in the binary logistic regression model. Conclusions: Chronic anemia is a comorbidity that represents an increased risk of death in patients with hypovolemic shock. Regardless of the etiology of the shock, the control and correction of chronic anemia could have an impact on reducing mortality from acute hypovolemia in Peruvian adults.

3.
Vet. zootec ; 31: 1-12, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1552109

ABSTRACT

Este estudo objetivou avaliar aspectos que exercem influência sobre a contagem bacteriana total (CBT) e a contagem de células somáticas (CCS) do leite e avaliar a adequação das amostras do produto à Instrução Normativa nº 76, de 26 de novembro de 2018, do Ministério da Agricultura e Pecuária do Brasil (IN 76). A pesquisa foi realizada em propriedades rurais da microrregião de Birigui, São Paulo, Brasil, e se baseou em coleta de dados, por entrevista estruturada, e coletas de leite nas propriedades. Foi realizada amostragem por conveniência, sendo escolhidos 15 produtores de cada estrato (de acordo com a produção diária de leite: pequeno - até 100 L; médio - 101 a 300 L; grande - mais de 300 L), totalizando 45 produtores de leite. Participaram da pesquisa somente propriedades com base da alimentação volumosa em sistema de pastejo ou em semiconfinamento. Para avaliar a influência de diferentes fatores sobre a contagem bacteriana total (CBT) e a contagem de células somáticas (CCS), separadamente, realizou-se regressão multivariada. Ainda, foi determinado o coeficiente de correlação entre variáveis desta pesquisa. As variáveis resposta foram transformadas em logaritmo para normalização dos dados. Foi feita comparação entre os resultados da pesquisa e os parâmetros da IN 76 para verificar o cumprimento das normas pelos produtores. Foram encontrados valores médios de 6.986.977,818.961.790,7 UFC/mL para CBT e de 608.911,1 ± 414.802,9 CS/mL para CCS. A utilização de tanque de resfriamento individual mostrou-se favorável à baixa CBT, em comparação com não uso de tanque ou uso de tanque comunitário, conforme o esperado, pois quanto mais tempo leva para resfriar o leite, maior é a proliferação de bactérias no produto. Foi verificado que o leite de produtores que realizam o California Mastitis Test (CMT) com maior frequência apresentou CCS mais elevada, o que não era esperado. As análises físico-químicas médias foram densidade 1,031 g/mL a 15°C, índice crioscópico -0,538 °H, teor de proteína 3,58%, teor de gordura 4,06%, extrato seco total 12,75%, extrato seco desengordurado 8,69%, acidez titulável 16,2 °D e estabilidade ao álcool (Alizarol 72%) 100%. Em 13,3% (6/45) das amostras foi detectada presença de antibióticos. Considerando a IN 76, o leite de somente 8,9% (4/45) dos produtores apresentou-se adequado simultaneamente para todos os parâmetros analisados (CBT, CCS, densidade, índice crioscópico, proteína, gordura, extrato seco total, extrato seco desengordurado, acidez titulável, estabilidade ao alizarol e pesquisa de antibióticos). A utilização de tanque de resfriamento individual e a realização de CMT favoreceram menor CBT e maior CCS, respectivamente.


This study aimed to evaluate aspects that exerts influence on the total bacterial count (TBC) and somatic cell count (SCC) of milk and evaluate the conformity of the samples to the Normative Instruction no. 76, from November 26, 2018, of the Brazilian Agriculture and Livestock Ministry (NI 76). The research was done in farms around Birigui micro-region, São Paulo State, Brazil, and was based on data collection obtained by structured interviews and milk collection in the farms. Convenience sampling was carried out from 15 producers of each stratum (according to daily milk production: small - up to 100 L; medium - 101 to 300 L; large - more than 300 L), totalizing 45 milk producers. Only farms with grazing or semi-feedlot system for roughage feeding base were included. To evaluate the influence of different factors on Total Bacterial Count (TBC) and Somatic Cell Count (SCC), separately, a multivariate regression was done. Moreover, the correlation coefficient among variables was determined. The response variables were transformed into logarithms for the normalization of the data. A comparison between results and NI 76 parameters was done to verify the standard compliance by producers. Mean TBC was 6.986.977,8 ± 18.961.790,7 CFU/mL and mean SCC was 608.911,1414.802,9 cells/mL. The use of individual cooler tank was favorable to lower TBC, compared with the non-use of the tank or with the use of the communitarian tank, as expected, since the longer it takes to cool the milk, the higher the proliferation of bacteria in the product. It was verified that milk from farmers that more frequently perform California Mastitis Test (CMT) showed higher SCC, which was not expected. The average physicochemical analyzes were density 1.031 g/mL at 15°C, cryoscopic index -0.538 °H, protein content 3.58%, fat content 4.06%, total dry extract 12.75%, dry extract defatted 8.69%, titratable acidity 16.2 °D and alcohol stability (Alizarol 72%) 100%. The presence of antibiotics was detected in 13.3% (6/45) of the samples. Considering NI 76, milk from only 8.9% (4/45) farmers were proper simultaneously for all the parameters analyzed (TBC, SCC, density, cryoscopic index, protein, fat, total dry extract, defatted dry extract, titratable acidity, alizarol stability and antibiotics). The use of individual cooling tank and the CMT performance support lower TBC and higher SCC respectively.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar los aspectos que influyen en el contaje bacteriano total (CBT) y el contaje de células somáticas (CCS) de la leche y evaluar la adecuación de las muestras del producto a la Instrucción Normativa nº 76, de 26 de noviembre de 2018, del Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería en Brasil (IN 76). La investigación se llevó a cabo en propiedades rurales en la microrregión de Birigui, São Paulo, Brasil, y se basó en la recolección de datos, a través de entrevistas estructuradas, y colectas de leche en las propiedades. Se realizó un muestreo por conveniencia, escogiendo 15 productores de cada estrato (de acuerdo con la producción diaria de leche: pequeño - hasta 100 L; medio - 101 hasta 300 L; grande ­ más de 300 L), totalizando 45 productores de leche. Participaron de la investigación únicamente propiedades basadas en alimentación voluminosa en sistema de pastoreo o, a lo sumo, en semiconfinamiento. Para evaluar la influencia de diferentes factores sobre el contaje bacteriano total (CBT) y el contaje de células somáticas (CCS), por separado, se realizó una regresión multivariada. Asimismo, se determinó el coeficiente de correlación entre las variables de esta investigación. Las variables de respuesta se transformaron en logaritmos para la normalización de datos. Se realizó una comparación entre los resultados de la investigación y los parámetros de la IN 76 para verificar el cumplimiento de las normas por parte de los productores. Se encontraron valores medios de 6.986.977,818.961.790,7 UFC/mL para CBT y de 608.911,1 +414.802,9 CS/mL para CCS. El uso de un tanque de enfriamiento individual se ha mostrado favorable a la baja CBT, en comparación con no usar un tanque o usar un tanque comunitario, conforme lo esperado, ya que cuanto más se tarda en enfriar la leche, mayor es la proliferación de bacterias en el producto. Se verificó que la leche de los productores que realizan el California Mastitis Test (CMT) con mayor frecuencia presentó CCS más alto, lo cual no se esperaba. Los análisis fisicoquímicos promedio fueron densidad 1,031 g/mL a 15°C, índice crioscópico -0,538 °H, contenido de proteína 3,58%, contenido de grasa 4,06%, extracto seco total 12,75%, extracto seco desgrasado 8,69%, acidez titulable 16,2°D y estabilidad del alcohol (Alizarol 72%) 100%. En el 13,3% (6/45) de las muestras se detectó la presencia de antibióticos. Considerando la IN 76, la leche de solo el 8,9% (4/45) de los productores se presentó adecuado simultáneamente para todos los parámetros analizados (CBT, CCS, densidad, índice crioscópico, proteína, grasa, extracto seco total, extracto seco desgrasado, acidez titulable, estabilidad al alizarol e investigación de antibióticos). El uso de un tanque de enfriamiento individual y la realización de CMT favorecieron un CBT más bajo y un CCS más alto respectivamente.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Food Quality , Multivariate Analysis , Milk/microbiology , Bacterial Load/veterinary , Rural Areas
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 60: e23564, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533993

ABSTRACT

Abstract The quality, efficacy, and safety of medicines are usually verified by analytical results. Measurement uncertainty is a critical aspect for the reliability of these analytical results. The pharmacopeial compendia usually adopt a simple acceptance rule that does not consider information from measurement uncertainty. In this work, we compared decision-making using simple acceptance and decision rules with the use of guard-band for multiparameter evaluation of ofloxacin ophthalmic solution and acyclovir topical cream. Ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution and acyclovir topical cream samples were subject to pharmacopeial tests and assays. Multivariate guard-band widths were calculated by multiplying the standard uncertainty (u) by an appropriate multivariate coverage factor (k'). The multivariate coverage factor (k') was obtained by the Monte Carlo method. According to the simple acceptance rule, all the results obtained for ciprofloxacin ophthalmic solution and acyclovir topical cream are within the specification limits. However, the risk of false conformity decisions increases for ciprofloxacin tests. Decisions made using the simple acceptance rule and decision rules with the use of guard-band may differ. The simple acceptance rule may increase the risk of false conformity decisions when the measured value is close to the regulatory specification limits and/or when the measurement uncertainty value is inappropriately high. Nevertheless, the guard-band decision rule will always reduce the risk of false conformity decisions. Therefore, using information on measurement uncertainty in conformity assessment is highly recommended to ensure the proper efficacy, safety, and quality of medicines.


Subject(s)
Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Assessment/trends , Uncertainty , Acyclovir/adverse effects , Ciprofloxacin/adverse effects
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 34(5): 115-124, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1528013

ABSTRACT

Abstract Studies have reported changes in the epidemiological profile of patients with oral cancer in recent decades, especially regarding gender and age. This study aimed to evaluate a historical series of oral malignant lesions prevalence over six decades and define characteristics associated with the occurrence, mainly, of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). A retrospective review of histopathological records from 1953 to 2019 was conducted in three oral pathology laboratories in South Brazil about age, sex, anatomical site, clinical aspect, and histopathological diagnosis. Descriptive and analytical analyses were performed comparing the histopathological diagnoses with other variables. Multivariable logistic regression was applied to determine the associated predictors of OSCC. Of the 53,065 records available in the institutions, 986 were oral malignant tumors (including all malignant neoplasms), representing 1.86% of all diagnoses. The occurrence of OSCC in the 1960's was 80.0%, decreasing over time reaching the lowest percentage of cases in the 1990's (75.8%) and significantly increasing to 88.7% in the 2010s. Females had a lower chance than males of having OSCC independently of the decade (odds ratio=0.30, p<0.001). This was the same for older individuals compared to those younger than 40 years. No interactions between sex, age, and decade were observed. The number of diagnoses of oral malignant lesions increased over time, and the occurrence of OSCC varied. Older individuals and males had higher chances of having OSCC independently of the decade. Therefore, in this study sample, no changes were observed in the epidemiological profile over the years concerning these predictors.


Resumo Alguns estudos relataram mudanças no perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes com câncer bucal nas últimas décadas, principalmente quanto ao gênero e a idade. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar, em uma série histórica, a prevalência de todas as lesões malignas bucais ao longo de seis décadas e definir características associadas na ocorrência, principalmente, de carcinoma espinocelular (CEC). Um levantamento retrospectivo dos registros histopatológicos de 1953 a 2019 foi realizado em três laboratórios de Patologia Bucal no Sul do Brasil em relação à idade, gênero, sítio anatômico, aspecto clínico e diagnóstico histopatológico. Análises descritivas e analíticas foram realizadas comparando-se os diagnósticos histopatológicos com as outras variáveis. A regressão logística multivariada foi aplicada para determinar os possíveis preditores associados ao CEC. Dos 53.065 prontuários disponíveis nas instituições, 986 eram tumores malignos bucais (incluindo todas as neoplasias malignas), representando 1,86% de todos os diagnósticos. A ocorrência de CEC na década de 1960 foi de 80,0%, diminuindo ao longo do tempo, atingindo o menor percentual de casos na década de 1990 (75,8%) e aumentando significativamente para 88,7% na década de 2010. As mulheres tiveram menor risco de desenvolver CEC do que os homens, independentemente da década (OR=0,30, p<0,001). Este foi o mesmo para indivíduos com idade mais avançada em comparação com aqueles com menos de 40 anos de idade. Não foram observadas interações entre gênero, idade e década. O número de diagnósticos de lesões malignas bucais aumentou ao longo das décadas e a ocorrência de CEC variou. Indivíduos com mais de 40 anos e do sexo masculino tiveram maiores chances de ter CEC, independentemente da década analisada. Portanto, nessa amostra estudada, não foram observadas mudanças no perfil epidemiológico ao longo dos anos com relação a esses preditores.

6.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 32(1): e2022307, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421405

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze intimate partner violence (IPV) in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil, with emphasis on physical violence. Methods: this was a cross-sectional study applying multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) to records retrieved from the Notifiable Health Conditions Information System covering the period from 2009 to 2018. Results: of the 9,950 notifications registered, 91.8% were notifications of physical violence; higher rates were found in young females (189.2/100,000), who had up to incomplete high school education (139.6/100,000), had a partner (202.7/100,000), were Indigenous (488.8/100,000), and were living on the border with other countries (223,1/100,000); the aggressors were mostly current partners (76.9%) and male (95.5%); MCA revealed that physical violence was predominant at weekends, at night, with use of physical force and when the aggressor was under the influence of alcohol; most IPV did not occur at home, but was committed by current partners and was not a repeated event. Conclusion: IPV stood out among young victims, those who had a partner, low education, Indigenous women and occurred notably in the border region.


Objetivo: analizar la violencia por compañero íntimo (VPI) en Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, con énfasis en la violencia física. Métodos: estudio transversal, con análisis de correspondencia (AC) de registros en el Sistema de Información de Agravamientos de Notificación, entre 2009 y 2018. Resultados: de las 9.950 notificaciones registradas, el 91,8% era de violencia física; las mayores tasas fueron encontradas en mujeres jóvenes (189,2/100.000), con escolaridad hasta secundaria completa (139,6/100.000), con pareja (202,7/100.000), indígenas (488.8/100,000) y residentes en la frontera (223,1/100.000); los agresores fueron, en su mayoría, de compañeros actuales (76,9%) y hombres (95,5%); sobre la violencia física, la AC reveló predominio de los fines de semana, en la noche, con uso de fuerza física y el agresor bajo los efectos de alcohol; sin embargo, ocurrieron fuera de la residencia, cometidos por compañeros actuales y no constituyeron hechos de repetición. Conclusión: se destacaron víctimas jóvenes, con pareja, baja escolaridad, mujeres indígenas y expresivos sucesos en la región fronteriza.


Objetivo: analisar a violência por parceiros íntimos (VPI) em Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, com destaque para violência física. Métodos: estudo transversal, com análise de correspondências (AC) dos registros no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, em 2009-2018. Resultados: de 9.950 notificações registradas, 91,8% foram de violência física; maiores taxas foram encontradas em jovens do sexo feminino (189,2/100 mil), com escolaridade até o ensino médio incompleto (139,6/100 mil), com companheiro (202,7/100 mil), indígenas (488,8/100 mil) e residentes na fronteira (223,1/100 mil); os agressores eram majoritariamente parceiros atuais (76,9%) e homens (95,5%); sobre a violência física, a AC revelou predominância em fins de semana, à noite, com utilização de força corporal e agressor sob efeito de álcool; entretanto, ocorreu principalmente fora da residência, cometida por parceiro atual e não constituiu evento de repetição. Conclusão: destacaram-se vítimas jovens, com companheiro, baixa escolaridade, mulheres indígenas e ocorrência expressiva em região de fronteira.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Violence Against Women , Health Information Systems , Intimate Partner Violence/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the factors related to pregnancy of endometriosis and whether Chinese herbal medicines (CHMs) can improve pregnancy outcomes in patients with endometriosis in long-term management.@*METHODS@#This multicenter cohort study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of endometriosis patients with fertility needs from January 2019 to November 2019. A total of 252 patients with endometriosis from 5 level-III Grade A hospitals in Beijing were included in this study. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed for the relevant factors. The propensity score matching (PSM) function of SPSS software was used to match the CHMs group with the non-CHMs group. The pregnancy rate and live birth rate were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The results of univariate analysis showed that age, disease course, presence of infertility, presence of adenomyosis, time after surgery or use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a), use of CHMs and follow-up time were influencing factors of pregnancy in endometriosis patients (P<0.05). The results of multivariate analysis showed that age, presence of adenomyosis, time after surgery or use of GnRH-a, use of CHMs and follow-up time were independent factors affecting pregnancy in endometriosis patients, among which, age ⩾35 years old, presence of adenomyosis and follow-up time >6 months were independent risk factors (OR=0.445, 0.348, 0.140, respectively, P<0.05), time after surgery or use of GnRH-a ⩽6 months and use of CHMs were independent protective factors (OR=3.839, 3.842, respectively, P<0.05). After PSM, 99 pairs of two groups were matched successfully. The pregnancy rate of the CHMs group was higher than that of the non-CHMs group [55.56% (55/99) vs. 36.36% (36/99), P<0.05]. The live birth rate of the CHMs group was higher than that of the non-CHMs group [49.49% (49/99) vs. 35.35% (35/99), P<0.05].@*CONCLUSION@#CHMs can effectively improve clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate of patients with endometriosis in the chronic disease management.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Adult , Pregnancy Outcome , Endometriosis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Adenomyosis , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Plant Extracts , Fertilization in Vitro
8.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 971-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016562

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To establish a risk prediction model for nosocomial infection in preterm very low birth weight infants, and conduct internal validation. Methods A total of 206 cases of very low birth weight premature infants hospitalized in the Department of Neonatology of Union Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College from January 2018 to June 2020 were included in this study, factors that may affect the nosocomial infection of children were collected, and the infants were divided into two groups according to whether there is nosocomial infection. The influencing factors were compared between the two groups, and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed after screening variables with LASSO regression. According to the results of multi factor analysis, the nomogram model was constructed and verified internally. Results A total of 29 of 206 children had nosocomial infection (14.08%), and 33 pathogenic bacteria were detected, including 23 Gram-negative bacteria, 9 Gram-positive bacteria and 1 fungus. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis based on LASSO regression showed that the risk factors for nosocomial infection of VLBW premature infants were 28-31+6 weeks of gestation, amniotic fluid pollution, mechanical ventilation, indwelling gastric tube, unreasonable use of antibiotics, and hospitalization time ≥ 7 days. The protective factors were Apgar score ≥ 7 points at 1 min and breast feeding accounting for 50% or more (P<0.05). The Area Under Curve (AUC) of ROC curve of nomogram model was 0.946 [95%CI(0.923, 1.000)]. The calibration curve showed that the probability of hospital infection predicted by the model was basically consistent with the actual probability. The decision curve showed that when the probability threshold of nomogram model to predict the risk of nosocomial infection of very low birth weight premature infants was 0-0.85, the net rate of return was greater than 0. Conclusion Preterm infants with extremely low birth weight are at high risk of nosocomial infection, mainly affected by factors such as gestational weeks, hospitalization time, amniotic fluid pollution, etc. The nomogram model constructed by the above factors has high accuracy and discrimination for predicting nosocomial infection in such children.

9.
CienciaUAT ; 17(1): 139-151, jul.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404112

ABSTRACT

Resumen La crianza de conejos contribuye a la obtención de proteína animal, así como de ingresos por la venta de dicha especie. La descripción y caracterización de los sistemas de producción de estos animales arrojan información valiosa para el diseño de planes de intervención y mejoras. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar las principales variables que influyen en la heterogeneidad de los sistemas productores de conejos en el municipio Ciego de Ávila, Cuba. La muestra estuvo formada por 49 fincas. Se obtuvo la información cuantitativa de indicadores productivos, reproductivos y sociales, a través de un análisis de factores, usando componentes principales (CP). Se calcularon las puntuaciones factoriales de cada caso, en cada CP, y los estadísticos descriptivos de los indicadores medidos. En las condiciones del territorio estudiado, la eficiencia estuvo determinada por 6 CP que explicaron el 77.6 % de la varianza: 1) tamaño del rebaño y áreas de forrajes; 2) comportamiento reproductivo; 3) edad del productor y manejo reproductivo; 4) mortalidad; 5) edad al destete y sacrificio y 6) número de montas para gestar las conejas. La caracterización a partir del uso de CP, y el índice factorial de cada caso de estudio en cada CP, sirve de base para interpretar la gran heterogeneidad existente en los indicadores estudiados, así como su similitud, y contribuye a definir relaciones y comportamientos en la caracterización de fincas cunícolas en esta región, lo que permitirá implementar planes de mejora productiva.


Abstract The breeding of rabbits contributes to obtaining animal protein and generating income from the sale of this species. The description and characterization of the production systems of these animals provide valuable information for the design of intervention and improvement plans. The aim of this study was to determine the main variables that influence the heterogeneity of the rabbit production systems in the Ciego de Ávila municipality, Cuba. The sample consisted of 49 farms. Quantitative data on productive, reproductive and social indicators were obtained through factor analysis using principal components (PC). The factor scores of each case were calculated, in each PC, and descriptive statistics of the indicators measured. In the conditions of the studied territory, the efficiency was determined by 6 PC that explained 77.6 % of the variance: 1) size of the herd and forage areas; 2) reproductive behavior; 3) age of the producer and reproductive management; 4) mortality; 5) age at weaning and age at slaughter and 6) number of mounts to gestate the breeders. The characterization from the use of PC, and the factor index for each case study in each PC, serve as the basis for interpreting the great existing heterogeneity in the indicators studied, as well as their similarity. It also contributes to defining relationships and behaviors in the characterization of rabbit farms in this region, which will allow the implementation of productive improvement plans.

10.
Rev. biol. trop ; 70(1)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1387721

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Spiraxidae es la familia de gasterópodos terrestres más diversa de México con una distribución principalmente neotropical. Sin embargo, la influencia de las condiciones ambientales de esta región en su distribución aún es poco conocida. Objetivo: Determinar las afinidades zoogeográficas y la influencia de factores ambientales en la distribución de Spiraxidae en México. Métodos: Compilamos registros de distribución de museos y usamos modelos para establecer áreas con composición de especies, concentración de especies, afinidades y relaciones con variables ambientales similares. Resultados: Encontramos 231 especies y subespecies, 96 en el estado de Veracruz y 74 en la Sierra Madre Oriental. La principal afinidad zoogeográfica fue neotropical. El bosque mesófilo de montaña tuvo la mayor cantidad de especies y subespecies (93). Tres de los grupos zonales tienen una composición particular de especies y el 67 % de las especies son especialistas de hábitat. La presencia de especies sigue un gradiente ambiental, con la cubierta de árboles de hoja perenne de hoja ancha y la precipitación media anual como variables determinantes. Las especies del norte tuvieron mayor tolerancia a la aridez y menor cobertura de hojas. Conclusiones: Spiraxidae tiene su mayor diversidad en los estados del Sur de México; sin embargo, la zona nororiental tiene más registros de especies. Estos caracoles se encuentran principalmente en bosques mesófilos de montaña y bosques tropicales siempre verdes. Las especies del norte de México tuvieron una mayor tolerancia a los sitios con poca lluvia y menos cobertura de árboles de hoja perenne de hoja ancha que las especies del sur.


Abstract Introduction: Spiraxidae is the most diverse family of terrestrial gastropods in Mexico with a mainly neotropical distribution. However, the influence of environmental conditions in this region on its distribution is still poorly known. Objective: To determine zoogeographic affinities and the influence of environmental factors on the distribution of Spiraxidae in Mexico. Methods: We compiled museum distribution records and used models to establish areas with similar species composition, species concentration, affinities and relationship with environmental variables. Results: We found 231 species and subspecies, 96 in Veracruz state and 74 in Sierra Madre Oriental. The main zoogeographic affinity was neotropical. Mountain mesophyll forest had the most species and subspecies (93). Three of zone groups have a particular species composition and 67 % of the species are habitat specialists. Species presence follows an environmental gradient, with broadleaf evergreen tree cover and average annual precipitation as determining variables. Northern species had greater tolerance to aridity and reduced leaf cover. Conclusions: Spiraxidae has its greatest diversity in the Southern states of Mexico; however, the Northeastern zone has more species records. These snails mostly occur in mesophyll mountain forest and tropical evergreen forest. Species from Northern Mexico had greater tolerance to sites with low rainfall and less broadleaf evergreen tree cover than Southern species.


Subject(s)
Animals , Snails/classification , Animal Distribution , Mexico
11.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(4): 442-449, oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1424344

ABSTRACT

Objetivos. Determinar los factores sociodemográficos, clínicos y radiológicos asociados al tiempo de progresión de discapacidad en pacientes con esclerosis múltiple (EM). Materiales y métodos. Estudio transversal analítico, basado en registros de la historia clínica de pacientes del Instituto Neurológico de Colombia, entre el 2013 y 2021. La progresión a discapacidad de los pacientes con EM se definió como el tiempo hasta un aumento de por lo menos 0,5 puntos en el valor de la EDSS (del inglés Expanded Disability Status Scale), sostenido por al menos seis meses. Se usó un modelo de regresión de Cox para estimar la función de supervivencia y los hazard ratios (HR) con sus intervalos de confianza de 95% (IC 95%). Resultados. Se incluyeron 216 pacientes, de los cuales el 25% progresó a discapacidad, la mediana de supervivencia fue de 78 meses (RIC 95%: 70−83), las lesiones activas (HR = 1,94; IC 95%: 1,10−3,44), el sexo masculino (HR = 2,5; IC 95%: 1,32−4,73), y las enfermedades neurológicas (HR = 2,18; IC95%: 1,03−4,61) se asociaron en el modelo multivariado. Conclusiones. La mediana de tiempo de progresión hacia la discapacidad fue de 72 meses. Las lesiones activas captadas en resonancia magnética y el sexo masculino se asociaron con mayor progresión de la discapacidad, con resultados estadísticamente significativos en el modelo multivariado.


Objectives. To determine the sociodemographic, clinical and radiological factors associated with time to disability progression in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Materials and methods. Cross-sectional descriptive study with an analytical component, based on clinical records of patients at the Neurological Institute of Colombia, between 2013 and 2021. Progression to disability in MS patients was defined as the time to an increase of at least 0.5 points in the EDSS (Expanded Disability Status Scale) score, sustained for at least six months. A Cox regression model was used to estimate the survival function and Hazard Ratios (HR) with their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Results. We included 216 patients, of whom 25% progressed to disability, median survival was 78 months (95% CI: 70-83), active lesions (HR = 1.94; 95% CI: 1.10-3.44), cerebellar complications (HR = 2.03; 95% CI: 0. 99-4.16), being male (HR = 2.5; 95% CI: 1.32-4.73), and having neurological diseases (HR = 2.18; 95% CI: 1.03-4.61) were associated as risk factors. While relapsing remitting MS (HR = 0.63; 95% CI: 0.31-1.26) and age at diagnosis less than 40 years (HR = 0.96; 95% CI: 0.53-1.76) were associated as protective factors. Conclusions. Progression is affected by many factors, and there is no single independent factor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Multivariate Analysis , Disabled Persons , Multiple Sclerosis , Patients , Survivorship
12.
Rev. salud pública ; 24(3): e202, mayo-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410030

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Identificar factores asociados con el reingreso hospitalario en pacientes con trastorno bipolar (TB) en un hospital psiquiátrico y desarrollar un modelo explicativo del riesgo de reingreso. Método Estudio observacional longitudinal retrospectivo a partir de base de datos secundaria aportada por el Hospital Psiquiátrico Departamental Universitario del Valle. Estadística: análisis de supervivencia utilizando un modelo de regresión Cox. Se definió como variable dependiente el riesgo de reingreso y como variables independientes algunas sociodemográficas y clínicas. Resultados Se obtuvo una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre el riesgo de reingreso y las variables: falta de red de apoyo al no tener acudiente HR=1,33 [IC 95% 1,02-1,72; (p=0,034)] y falta de adherencia al tratamiento HR=2,33 [IC 95% 1,87-2,90; (p=0,000)]. Conclusión Para disminuir el reingreso hospitalario por TB, se deben priorizar las intervenciones en los casos de pacientes que no tengan acudiente y haya inadecuada adherencia al tratamiento; esta última, a partir de la percepción por parte del médico especialista. Enfocarse sobre estos dos factores puede incidir sobre los reingresos.


ABSTRACT Objective To identify the factors associated with hospital readmission in patients with bipolar disorder between 2011 and 2017 in a psychiatric hospital in order to develop an explanatory model of the risk of rehospitalization. Method Retrospective longitudinal observational study based on a secondary database provided by the Hospital Psiquiátrico Departamental Universitario del Valle. Statistics: Survival analysis using a Cox regression model. The risk of readmission was defined as a dependent variable and some sociodemographic and clinical variables were defined as independent variables. Results From the multivariate model of Cox Regression, a statistically significant association was obtained between the risk of readmission and the variables: lack of support network due to lack of retentive HR=1.33 [95% CI 1.02-1.72; (p=0.034)] and not having adherence to the treatment HR=2.33 [95% CI 1.87-2.90; (p=0.000)]. Conclusion In order to reduce hospital readmission due to bipolar disorder, interven-tions should be prioritized in cases where patients do not have a guardian and there is inadequate adherence to the treatment; the latter perceived by the specialist doctor. Focusing on these two factors can influence readmissions.

13.
Horiz. med. (Impresa) ; 22(2)abr. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448372

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estimar los factores asociados a la violencia psicológica y física en el ámbito familiar en adolescentes peruanos, considerando el modelo ecológico de la violencia. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal con análisis secundario de la base de datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Relaciones Sociales (ENARES) del 2015. Se aplicó un muestreo trietápico estratificado por conglomerados que incluyó a 1500 adolescentes. Las variables principales fueron la violencia física y psicológica. Las variables asociadas también se analizaron siguiendo el modelo ecológico, con una regresión logística que ayudó a determinar el odds ratio (OR, por sus siglas en inglés) y sus intervalos de confianza al 95 % (IC 95 %). Resultados: Entre los adolescentes encuestados, el 23,73 % experimentó violencia psicológica severa y el 42,47 %, violencia física grave. Los varones tuvieron una menor exposición a la violencia psicológica (OR = 0,60; IC 95 %: 0,41-0,86) en comparación con las mujeres. Presenciar peleas entre los padres siempre o casi siempre expone a violencia física, a diferencia de las peleas que ocurren algunas veces (OR = 5,80; IC 95 %: 2,47-13,60). Aquellos que asumieron que desobedecer a los padres es una razón para que se cometa violencia física fueron expuestos casi dos veces a ella (OR = 1,27; IC 95 %: 1,01-1,59), en comparación con los que no pensaban de esa manera. Conclusiones: En la historia personal, cuanto menor es la edad del adolescente hay mayor predisposición a la violencia física; además, el ser mujer incrementa la probabilidad de sufrir maltrato psicológico. En el contexto nacional, la violencia física puede ser asumida como un comportamiento aceptable por gran parte de la población, y cuanto menor sea la edad del adolescente maltratado, sumado a su escasa capacidad de protección, este patrón podría reforzarse.


Objective: To estimate the factors associated with psychological and physical domestic violence against Peruvian adolescents considering the ecological model of violence. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study based on a secondary analysis of the 2015 National Survey on Social Relations (ENARES) database. A three-stage stratified cluster sampling was conducted with 1,500 adolescents. The main variables were physical and psychological violence. The associated variables were also analyzed following the ecological model and using logistic regression for determining odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI). Results: From among the surveyed adolescents, 23.73 % experienced severe psychological violence and 42.47 % severe physical violence. Men were less exposed to psychological violence (OR = 0.60; 95 % CI: 0.41 - 0.86) compared to women. Witnessing constant fights between parents always or almost always exposed adolescents to physical violence, as opposed to those who almost never experienced parental fighting (OR = 5.80; 95 % CI: 2.47 - 13.60). Those who assumed that disobeying their parents was a reason for physical violence were exposed to it almost twice (OR = 1.27; 95 % CI: 1.01 - 1.59) as much as those who did not think that way. Conclusions: Regarding life experience, the younger the adolescent, the more prone to physical violence. Additionally, being a woman increases the probability of receiving psychological abuse. In the national context, physical violence may be considered an acceptable behavior by a large part of the population. Moreover, the younger the abused adolescents are, together with their incapacity to protect themselves, the worse this behavior pattern could be.

14.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 15(1): e9766, abr./jun. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368144

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste trabalho é verificar a aplicabilidade da Análise Fatorial - AF através do cruzamento das variáveis obtidas com os testes propostos por um protocolo de detecção de talento esportivo no futebol, antropometria, flexibilidade e força. Participaram da amostra 38 atletas da categoria sub-19 do Cuiabá Esporte Clube. A avaliação consistiu na aplicação do protocolo de testes iSports para detecção do talento esportivo, testes antropométricos (massa corporal, estatura, Índice de Massa Corporal - IMC, Relação Cintura e Quadril - RCQ), teste de flexibilidade (Sentar e Alcançar), teste de força manual (Hand Grip) e teste de impulsão vertical. Através da AF, 14 variáveis foram reorganizadas em 4 novos fatores levando em consideração suas comunalidades e variâncias. Este tipo de análise estatística multivariada se mostrou eficiente para o reagrupamento de dados e para a possibilidade de ser aplicada como uma ferramenta que contemplar a multidimensionalidade do talento esportivo.


Verify the applicability of Factor Analysis - FA by crossing the variables obtained with the tests proposed by a protocol for detecting talent, anthropometry, flexibility and strength. The sample included 38 under-19 athletes from Cuiabá Esporte Clube. The evaluation consisted of the application of the iSports test protocol to detect sports talent, anthropometric tests (weight, height, BMI, WHR), flexibility test (sit and reach), manual strength test (Hand Grip) and vertical impulsion test. Through PA, 14 variables were reorganized into 4 new factors taking into account their commonalities and variances. Each new factor presents correlations between 2 or more variables that were discussed later. This type of multivariate statistical analysis proved to be efficient for grouping of data and for the possibility of being applied as a tool that helps and seeks to contemplate the multidimensionality of the identification of sporting talents.

15.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 46: e49, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1432076

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo. Evaluar la evolución de pandemia de la COVID-19 entre los países de las Américas, comparando datos de los sistemas de salud previo a la llegada del virus a la Región, frente a los casos y muertes acumuladas antes del despliegue de las estrategias de inmunización de la población, y el estado actual de la vacunación. Métodos. Se realizo un análisis multivariante HJ-Biplot y análisis de cluster, para 28 países de la Región de las Américas, en tres momentos del tiempo: diciembre de los años 2019, 2020 y 2021. Resultados. En el continente americano se observa heterogeneidad en las acciones implementadas para contener la pandemia, la cual se refleja en diferentes grupos de naciones. Conclusiones. No todos los países de la Región de las Américas contaban con las condiciones de salubridad necesarias para afrontar la contención de la COVID-19. A cierre de 2019 Estados Unidos, Canadá, Brasil y Cuba se observaban con ventajas frente a los demás países de la Región, sin embargo, la pertinencia de las acciones implementadas durante el año 2020 para contener la pandemia, generaron diferentes grupos de países según la prevalencia de contagios y muertes. En tal momento, Bolivia, Ecuador y México, presentaban niveles críticos de letalidad. A cierre de 2021, tras la implementación de los planes de vacunación, Argentina, Brasil, Canadá, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Panamá, Estados Unidos y Uruguay registran más del 60% de su población con el esquema de vacunación completo.


ABSTRACT Objective. To evaluate the evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic in countries of the Americas, comparing health system data from before the appearance of the virus in the Region, accumulated cases and deaths before the deployment of public immunization strategies, and the current state of vaccination. Methods. An HJ-Biplot multivariate analysis and cluster analysis were performed for 28 countries in the Region of the Americas at three points in time: December 2019, December 2020, and December 2021. Results. In the Americas, heterogeneity was observed in the actions implemented to contain the pandemic, and this was reflected in different groups of countries. Conclusions. Not all countries in the Region of the Americas had the health conditions necessary to contain COVID-19. At the end of 2019, the United States, Canada, Brazil, and Cuba had advantages over other countries in the Region; however, actions implemented during 2020 to contain the pandemic created different groups of countries in terms of the prevalence of infections and deaths. At the end of 2020, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Mexico had critical levels of mortality. At the end of 2021, after the implementation of vaccination plans, more than 60% of the population of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Panama, the United States, and Uruguay had completed the vaccination schedule.


RESUMO Objetivo. Avaliar a evolução da pandemia da COVID-19 entre os países das Américas, comparando os dados dos sistemas de saúde antes da chegada do vírus à região em relação aos casos e mortes acumuladas antes da implementação de estratégias de imunização da população e a situação atual da vacinação. Métodos. Foi realizada uma análise multivariada HJ-Biplot e uma análise de agrupamentos para 28 países da região das Américas, em três períodos: dezembro de 2019, de 2020 e de 2021. Resultados. No continente americano, observa-se heterogeneidade nas ações implementadas para conter a pandemia, o que se reflete nos diferentes grupos de nações. Conclusões. Nem todos os países da região das Américas contavam com as condições sanitárias necessárias para conter a COVID-19. No fim de 2019, Estados Unidos, Canadá, Brasil e Cuba tinham uma vantagem sobre os demais países da região. No entanto, a pertinência das ações implementadas durante o ano de 2020 para conter a pandemia gerou diferentes grupos de países segundo a prevalência de contágios e mortes. Naquele momento, Bolívia, Equador e México apresentavam níveis críticos de letalidade. No fim de 2021, após a implementação dos planos de vacinação, Argentina, Brasil, Canadá, Chile, Colômbia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Panamá, Estados Unidos e Uruguai registravam mais de 60% de sua população com esquema vacinal completo.

16.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 40: e2021096, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387501

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To estimate the prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF), introduction of water, herbal teas, or other milks, as well as to identify the factors associated with the interruption of EBF at the 30th day after birth. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using structured and pretested questionnaires applied to 310 mothers in two moments: in person, at the maternity ward; and at the time the infant was 30 days of age, by telephone call. Descriptive statistics and multivariate Poisson regression, following a multilevel hierarchical model according to the proximity to the outcome, were used to estimate the association between dependent and independent variables. Results: The maintenance of EBF at 30 days of age of the infant occurred in 85.2% of the sample, 1.6% receiving water, 11.5% herbal teas, and 8.2% other milk. Predictors for EBF interruption in the univariate analysis were the mothers' return to work or study activities shortly after the baby's birth (IR 2.88; 95%CI 1.14-7.25) and the use of a pacifier (IR 3.29; 95%CI 1.52-6.22). The interruption of EBF was lower in the group of participants who received support from the infant's maternal grandmother (IR 2.71; 95%CI 1.11-6.56) and their partner (IR 4.78; 95%CI 1.90-12.06). After a multivariate analysis, only the use of a pacifier (IR 5.47; 95%CI 2.38-19.3) and the partner's support (IR 6.87; 95%CI 2.04-23.1) maintained the association with the outcome. Conclusions: The prevalence of EBF found in this study can be considered good, and future interventions aimed at increasing the duration of EBF in this population should take into account the participation of the partner and the reinforcement for not introducing the pacifier.


RESUMO Objetivo: Estimar a prevalência de aleitamento materno exclusivo (AME), introdução de água, chás ou outros leites, bem como identificar os fatores associados à interrupção do AME aos 30 dias de vida. Métodos: Estudo transversal que utilizou questionários estruturados e pré-testados, aplicados a 310 mães em dois momentos: presencialmente, na maternidade, e aos 30 dias de vida da criança, mediante ligação telefônica. Estatística descritiva e regressão multivariada de Poisson, seguindo modelo hierárquico multiníveis conforme a proximidade com o desfecho, estimaram a associação entre as variáveis dependentes e independentes. Resultados: A manutenção do AME aos 30 dias de idade da criança ocorreu em 85,2% da amostra, e 1,6 % receberam água, 11,5 % chás e 8,2% outro leite. Preditores para a interrupção do AME na análise univariada foram o retorno das mães ao trabalho ou estudo logo após o nascimento do bebê (razão de incidência — RI 2,88; intervalo de confiança — IC95% 1,14-7,25) e o uso de chupeta (RI 3,29; IC95% 1,52-6,22). A interrupção do AME foi menor no grupo de participantes que recebeu apoio da avó materna do lactente (RI 2,71; IC95% 1,11-6,56) e do companheiro (RI 4,78; IC95% 1,90-12,06). Após a análise multivariada, apenas o uso de chupeta (RI 5,47; IC95% 2,38-19,3) e o apoio do companheiro (RI 6,87; IC95% 2,04-23,1) mantiveram associação com o desfecho. Conclusões: A prevalência de AME encontrada neste estudo pode ser considerada boa, e futuras intervenções que visem ao aumento da duração do AME nessa população devem levar em consideração a participação do companheiro e o reforço para a não introdução da chupeta.

17.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 65: e22210235, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364445

ABSTRACT

Abstract In Tunisia, Monastir bay, extending for 38 km along the eastern coast of Tunisia, harbors different species of bivalves such as the clam Ruditapes decussatus, a species of major socio-economic interest. Despite its importance, no studies have been carried out about the morphology of this mollusc in Monastir bay. Thus, the current study aimed to analyze the shell morphological variations in the European clamRuditapes decussatus from Monastir Bay coast. The comparison of the shell shape of individuals from different populations was performed based on samples taken at four different sites (Khniss, Ksiba, Bkalta and Sokrine). Variance analysis of the morphometric indices (elongation, compactness, convexity and density) for the four populations indicated significant differences among sites with (p=0<0.05). Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed two intra-population groups for Sokrine site, supporting an intra-population variation in the shell morphology. Allometric relationships established between linear variables (shell length, height and width) and ponderal variables (total weight, shell weight) as well as the relative growth between variables (isometry vs. allometry) were analyzed. All morphometric relationships were highly significant (P<0.001) with high correlation coefficients (R2: 0.714-0.982), showing positive allometric growth for Bkalta and negative allometric growth for Sokrine. The data obtained will be useful in research studies and have practical application in diverse research fields such as biology, ecology, fisheries assessment and management.

18.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 1169-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972137

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To explore the value of real-time shear wave elastography in evaluating the severity of liver fibrosis in hepatitis B, and to analyze the factors that affecting its accuracy. Methods A total of 196 chronic hepatitis B patients, who admitted to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College from February 2018 to October 2020, were selected for retrospective analysis. Demographic indicators such as gender, age, body mass index(BMI), and laboratory indicators such as fasting blood glucose, liver function, and blood lipid composition were collected. The patients were detected by real-time shear wave elastography. Taking the pathological test results as the gold standard, the diagnostic value of real-time shear wave elastography in the severity of liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis B was analyzed, and the comprehensive effect of various factors on the diagnostic accuracy of real-time shear wave elastography was evaluated by Logistic regression analysis. Results The differences in real-time shear wave elastography of patients with different severity of liver fibrosis in hepatitis B were statistically significant, and F0 grade <F1 grade <F2 grade <F3 grade <F4 grade (all P<0.05). ROC analysis showed that the cut-off values of real-time shear wave elastography for patients with liver fibrosis in hepatitis B ≥ F1, ≥ F2, ≥ F3 and F4 were 6.15 kPa, 7.03 kPa, 8.15 kPa and 10.09 kPa respectively; the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.759, 0.806, 0.900 and 0.930 respectively (P<0.05). Results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis based on univariate analysis showed that glutamic alanine transaminase (ALT), glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (AST), fatty liver and inflammation levels were independent factors affecting the accuracy of real-time shear wave elastography in evaluating the severity of liver fibrosis in hepatitis B (P<0.05). Conclusions Real-time shear wave elastography technology can be used to evaluate the severity of liver fibrosis in hepatitis B, and its accuracy is mainly affected by ALT, AST, inflammation levels and fatty liver.

19.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: 1-11, 2022. map, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468489

ABSTRACT

This investigation presents the food and feeding activity of and endangered riverine catfish Rita rita, during February 2017-January 2018. A total of 225 fish individuals was analyzed for stomach contents by characterizing the dominant food items and morphometric features. The results divulged ten major food items consumed, preferably fish scales and eggs, teleost fishes, copepods, cladocerans, rotifers, and mollusks. Total length and body weight of fish varied between 9-34 cm (20.53 ± 6.90 cm) and 10-400 g (9125.94 ± 102.07 g), respectively. The index of relative importance (IRI%) showed the importance of rotifers over the other food items. Morisita's index of diet overlap indicated seasonal variations in catfish diets with summer and monsoon displaying the least overlap, while maximum overlap during monsoon and winter seasons. The non-metric multidimensional scaling (nMDS) indicated the close association between the food items available during summer and winter seasons with a significant difference among the seasons (ANOSIM, R = 0.638, P = 0.013). Levin’s niche breadth index arranged in the order of 0.88>0.81>0.78>0.63>0.43 for the size classes of V, IV, III, II and I, respectively. The PCA explained 95.39% of the total variance among the food items and fish size groups. Small-sized fish individuals displayed a greater correlation with food items suitable for their mouth size. In conclusion, the variety and frequency of food items recorded indicated considerable feeding plasticity and opportunistic feeding behavior with a shift from carnivorous to omnivorous feeding nature. This study could render useful information on the food and feeding habits of R. rita and provide background for preparing its diet for future aquaculture practices.


Esta investigação apresenta a alimentação e a atividade alimentar de bagres ribeirinhos Rita rita ameaçados de extinção, no período de fevereiro de 2017 a janeiro de 2018. Um total de 225 peixes foi analisado quanto ao conteúdo do estômago, caracterizando os itens alimentares dominantes e as características morfométricas. Os resultados apresentaram dez principais itens alimentares consumidos, preferencialmente escamas e ovos de peixes, teleósteos, copépodes, cladóceros, rotíferos e moluscos. O comprimento total e o peso corporal dos peixes variaram entre 9-34 cm (20,53 ± 6,90 cm) e 10-400 g (9125,94 ± 102,07 g), respectivamente. O índice de importância relativa (IRI%) mostrou a importância dos rotíferos sobre os demais itens alimentares. O índice de sobreposição de dieta de Morisita indicou variações sazonais nas dietas de bagres no verão e nas monções, exibindo a menor sobreposição, enquanto a sobreposição máxima ocorreu durante as estações das monções e do inverno. A escala multidimensional não métrica (nMDS) indicou a estreita associação entre os itens alimentares disponíveis durante o verão e o inverno, com uma diferença significativa entre as estações (ANOSIM, R = 0,638, P = 0,013). O índice de amplitude de nicho de Levin foi organizado na ordem de 0,88 > 0,81 > 0,78 > 0,63 > 0,43 para as classes de tamanho de V, IV, III, II e I, respectivamente. O PCA explicou 95,39% da variação total entre os itens alimentares e os grupos de tamanho de peixes. Peixes de pequeno porte apresentaram maior correlação com itens alimentares adequados ao tamanho da boca. Em conclusão, a variedade e a frequência dos itens alimentares registrados indicaram plasticidade alimentar considerável e comportamento alimentar oportunista, com uma mudança da natureza carnívora para onívora. Este estudo pode fornecer informações úteis sobre os hábitos alimentares e de alimentação de R. rita e apresentar subsídios para a preparação de sua dieta em futuras práticas de aquicultura.


Subject(s)
Animals , Feeding Behavior , Diet/veterinary , Catfishes/growth & development
20.
Braz. j. biol ; 822022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1468676

ABSTRACT

Abstract This investigation presents the food and feeding activity of and endangered riverine catfish Rita rita, during February 2017-January 2018. A total of 225 fish individuals was analyzed for stomach contents by characterizing the dominant food items and morphometric features. The results divulged ten major food items consumed, preferably fish scales and eggs, teleost fishes, copepods, cladocerans, rotifers, and mollusks. Total length and body weight of fish varied between 9-34 cm (20.53 ± 6.90 cm) and 10-400 g (9125.94 ± 102.07 g), respectively. The index of relative importance (IRI%) showed the importance of rotifers over the other food items. Morisitas index of diet overlap indicated seasonal variations in catfish diets with summer and monsoon displaying the least overlap, while maximum overlap during monsoon and winter seasons. The non-metric multidimensional scaling (nMDS) indicated the close association between the food items available during summer and winter seasons with a significant difference among the seasons (ANOSIM, R = 0.638, P = 0.013). Levins niche breadth index arranged in the order of 0.88>0.81>0.78>0.63>0.43 for the size classes of V, IV, III, II and I, respectively. The PCA explained 95.39% of the total variance among the food items and fish size groups. Small-sized fish individuals displayed a greater correlation with food items suitable for their mouth size. In conclusion, the variety and frequency of food items recorded indicated considerable feeding plasticity and opportunistic feeding behavior with a shift from carnivorous to omnivorous feeding nature. This study could render useful information on the food and feeding habits of R. rita and provide background for preparing its diet for future aquaculture practices.


Resumo Esta investigação apresenta a alimentação e a atividade alimentar de bagres ribeirinhos Rita rita ameaçados de extinção, no período de fevereiro de 2017 a janeiro de 2018. Um total de 225 peixes foi analisado quanto ao conteúdo do estômago, caracterizando os itens alimentares dominantes e as características morfométricas. Os resultados apresentaram dez principais itens alimentares consumidos, preferencialmente escamas e ovos de peixes, teleósteos, copépodes, cladóceros, rotíferos e moluscos. O comprimento total e o peso corporal dos peixes variaram entre 9-34 cm (20,53 ± 6,90 cm) e 10-400 g (9125,94 ± 102,07 g), respectivamente. O índice de importância relativa (IRI%) mostrou a importância dos rotíferos sobre os demais itens alimentares. O índice de sobreposição de dieta de Morisita indicou variações sazonais nas dietas de bagres no verão e nas monções, exibindo a menor sobreposição, enquanto a sobreposição máxima ocorreu durante as estações das monções e do inverno. A escala multidimensional não métrica (nMDS) indicou a estreita associação entre os itens alimentares disponíveis durante o verão e o inverno, com uma diferença significativa entre as estações (ANOSIM, R = 0,638, P = 0,013). O índice de amplitude de nicho de Levin foi organizado na ordem de 0,88 > 0,81 > 0,78 > 0,63 > 0,43 para as classes de tamanho de V, IV, III, II e I, respectivamente. O PCA explicou 95,39% da variação total entre os itens alimentares e os grupos de tamanho de peixes. Peixes de pequeno porte apresentaram maior correlação com itens alimentares adequados ao tamanho da boca. Em conclusão, a variedade e a frequência dos itens alimentares registrados indicaram plasticidade alimentar considerável e comportamento alimentar oportunista, com uma mudança da natureza carnívora para onívora. Este estudo pode fornecer informações úteis sobre os hábitos alimentares e de alimentação de R. rita e apresentar subsídios para a preparação de sua dieta em futuras práticas de aquicultura.

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