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An. bras. dermatol ; 98(3): 302-309, May-June 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439204


Abstract Background Capecitabine (Xeloda®) is a cytotoxic, antimetabolite chemotherapeutic agent. Its most common adverse events are diarrhea, hand-foot syndrome (HFS), hyperbilirubinemia, hyperpigmentation, fatigue, abdominal pain, and other gastrointestinal effects. HFS or palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (PPE) is an adverse reaction resulting from therapy with chemotherapeutic agents, classified into three degrees. Hyperpigmentation, as an adverse effect of capecitabine, can occur in different locations and with different patterns. The skin, nails and oral mucosal membrane can be affected. Objective The objective of this study was to report and discuss oral hyperpigmentation associated with HFS caused by the use of capecitabine, which is still poorly described in the literature. Methodology A literature review was carried out using the online databases PubMed, Scielo, BVS, Lilacs, Medline, BBO and Google Scholar, associating the descriptors "Capecitabine", "Pigmentation Disorders", "Oral mucosa", "Cancer" and "Hand-Foot Syndrome", which were related and used to exemplify, discuss and report the exposed clinical case. Results This case report corroborates the literature regarding the incidence in females and black skin persons like this patient who was affected by HFS when undergoing antineoplastic therapy with capecitabine and presented hyperpigmentation of the hands, feet and oral mucosa. On the oral mucosa, the hyperpigmented spots were diffuse, showing a blackish color and irregular edges. Their pathophysiology remains unknown. Study limitations Few articles citing capecitabine-associated pigmentation. Conclusions It is hoped that this study may contribute to the identification and correct diagnosis of hyperpigmentation in the oral cavity, as well as call attention to the adverse effects related to capecitabine.

Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2023 May; 71(5): 1816-1821
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-224992


Purpose: To evaluate presence of perilimbal pigmentation (PLP) in Indian patients with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC). Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from 2019 to 2020 at a tertiary eye care center in Western Maharashtra, India. In this study, 152 cases of VKC were identified. The presence, type, color, and extent of PLP were recorded. The incidence of presence of PLP was calculated. Its correlations with severity and duration of VKC were analyzed using Wilcoxon–Mann–Whitney U test and Chi square test. Results: Of 152 cases, 79.61% were males. Mean age at presentation was 11.4 ± 5.6 years. The characteristic PLP was present in 81 cases (53.29%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 45.03%–61.42%; P < 0.001), of which 15 cases (18.5%) had this pigmentation in all the four quadrants. There was a significant difference between the groups with respect to quadrants involvement in terms of the extent of PLP in clock hours (?2 = 73.85, P < 0.001). However, the extent did not correlate with age (rho = 0.08, P = 0.487), sex (P = 0.115), time since onset in months (rho = 0.03, P = 0.77), duration of VKC and type or color of PLP (P = 0.12). Conclusion: Perilimbal pigmentation seems to be a consistent clinical finding seen in a significant number of VKC cases. It may benefit ophthalmologists in treating VKC cases when the palpebral/ limbal signs are elusive.

Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430559


El color de las restauraciones se considera una de las características más exigidas por los pacientes, cuyo éxito final dependerá de mantenerse en el tiempo, sin sufrir alteraciones. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la estabilidad de color que experimentan las resinas al ser sumergidas en una sustancia pigmentante en función al factor tiempo y al tipo de pulido final realizado. Estudio experimental in vitro de tres resinas de nanopartículas: Filtek Z-350 XT® (3M), Brillant NG® (Coltene), Tetric N-Ceram® (Vivadent) donde se comparó la estabilidad de color al ser sumergidas en café. Se confeccionaron 120 discos de resinas (color esmalte A3) divididos posteriormente en dos grupos: Grupo 1 protocolo habitual de pulido Grupo 2: protocolo habitual más sellador fotocurable Biscover® (Bisco). Las muestras fueron almacenadas en agua destilada en estufa a 37° durante 24 hs para su hidratación. Se registró el color utilizando el colorímetro Kónica Minolta®. Posteriormente se sumergieron las muestras en café, y se tomó nuevamente el color a las 24 hs y a los 7 días. Los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente mediante análisis de varianza y test de compación de Tukey. Se observó que la resina que más se pigmentó en el grupo 1 correspondió a la resina Filteck Z-350 con DE: 4,68 a las 24 hs y DE: 5,53 a los 7 días. Al analizar el grupo 2 las tres resinas se mantuvieron en valores bajos de DE: 0,96 a 1,42 en ambos períodos. Al sumergir las resinas en una sustancia pigmentante, la alteración del color se va produciendo en función del tiempo. Sin embargo, el uso complementario de un sellador fotocurable como pulido mejora significativamente la estabilidad de color en estos materiales, factores que el clínico debe tener en cuenta para lograr el éxito de sus restauraciones.

The color of the restorations is considered one of the characteristics most demanded by patients, whose final success will depend on being maintained over time, without undergoing alterations. The objective of this study was to determine the color variations experienced by reinforced resins when immersed in a pigmenting substance as a function of the time factor and the type of final polishing performed. In vitro experimental study of three nanoparticle resins: Filtek Z-350 XT® (3M), Brillant NG® (Coltene), Tetric N-Ceram® (Vivadent) where color stability was compared when immersed in coffee. 120 Discs of resins (enamel color A3) were made and subsequently divided into two groups: Group 1 usual polishing protocol Group 2: usual protocol plus Biscover® (Bisco) light-curing sealer. The samples were stored in distilled water in an oven at 37 ° for 24 hours for hydration. Color was recorded using the Konica Minolta® colorimeter. Subsequently, the samples were immersed in coffee, and the color was taken again at 24 hours and 7 days. Data were statistically analyzed using analysis of variance and Tukey's comparison test. It was observed that the most pigmented resin in group 1 corresponded to the Filteck Z-350 resin with DE: 4.68 at 24 hours and DE: 5.53 at 7 days. When analyzing group 2, the three resins maintained low DE values: 0.96 to 1.42 in both periods. By immersing the resins in a pigmenting substance, the change in color occurs over time. However, the complementary use of a light-curing sealer such as polishing significantly improves color stability in these materials, factors that the clinician must take into account to achieve the success of their restorations.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223105


Background: Acquired dermal melanocytosis is a heterogenous group of hyperpigmented lesioins which predominantly involve the face. Aim: The aim of this study was to study the clinical presentation and histopathology of cases with extra-facial acquired dermal melanocytosis. Methods: Retrospective record analysis was performed between May 2016 to August 2019 to retrieve cases of extra-facial acquired dermal melanocytosis seen at the out-patient department of dermatology at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur. Consecutive cases with histopathologically proven diagnosis of acquired dermal melanocytosis were included. Documentation of variation in clinical presentation and histopathologic findings was done in light of the existing literature. Results: Overall, four cases of extra-facial acquired dermal melanocyosis (female:male = 1:3) were seen during the study period. The lone case on head and neck involved the ear lobule and peri-auricular area. The other three cases had involvement of the hand. The histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of dermal melanocytosis but revealed peculiar findings of angiotropic melanocytes and dilated capillaries. Limitations: Small sample size and lack of comparison with perilesional normal skin were the limitations of this study. Conclusion: The findings of angiotropic melanocytes may be unique to extra-facial acquired dermal melanocytosis. This might indicate interaction between dermal melanocytes and capillary endothelial cells. This finding along with dermal capillary ectasia may indicate a possible role for vascular lasers in the management of these disorders

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961107


@#Gingival pigmentation is a nonplaque gum disease. Patients are often afraid to communicate with others because of gum color problems, which affect the social and mental health of patients. The commonly used treatment methods for gingival pigmentation include scalpel excision, gingival grinding, laser therapy, cryosurgery and electrosurgery. In this paper, the progress of gingival pigmentation treatment was reviewed in terms of bleeding, pain, tissue healing and recoloring. The results showed that the clinical effect of laser treatment was better. Among them, the semiconductor laser had more advantages in reducing bleeding, pain and the restaining rate, while the Er:Cr:YSSG/Er:YAG laser performed better for promoting tissue healing. Clinicians can choose the best kind of laser to use according to the actual situation. For patients with thin gingival biotypes, floating gingival transplantation or substitute materials can be selected to restore the gingival morphology. With the in-depth study of melanin regulation mechanisms, various drugs, such as ascorbic acid, natural peptides, synthetic peptides and derivatives, may be the main research direction for the treatment of gingival pigmentation in the future.

An. bras. dermatol ; 97(5): 575-582, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403167


Abstract Background: In addition to melanocytic hyperfunction, changes are observed in the upper dermis of melasma, and fibroblasts play a central role in collagen synthesis and pigmentation induction. Objective: To explore the morphology, growth rate, and gene expression profile of fibroblasts from the skin with melasma in comparison to fibroblasts from the adjacent healthy skin. Methods: Ten women with facial melasma were biopsied (lesion and adjacent healthy skin), and the fragments were processed for fibroblast culture. Samples from five participants were seeded to evaluate growth (days 2, 5 and 8) and senescence (SA-β-gal) curves. The samples from the other participants were submitted to real-time PCR to comparatively evaluation of the expression of 39 genes. Results: Cultured fibroblasts from melasma skin were morphologically less fusiform in appearance and on average a 34% (95% CI 4%-63%) greater proportion of cells labeled with SA-β-gal than the fibroblasts from the adjacent skin. The cell growth rate was lower for the melasma samples after eight days (p < 0.01). The WNT3A, EDN3, ESR2, PTG2, MMP1, and SOD2 genes were up-regulated, whereas the COL4A1, CSF2, DKK3, COL7A1, TIMP4, CCL2, and CDH11 genes were down-regulated in melasma skin fibroblasts when compared to the ones from adjacent healthy skin. Study limitations: Small sample size; absence of functional tests. Conclusions: Fibroblasts from the skin with melasma showed a lower growth rate, less fusiform morphology and greater accumulation of SA-β-gal than those from adjacent photo exposed skin. Moreover, their gene expression profile comprised factors that may contribute to upper dermis damage and sustained melanogenesis.

Indian Pediatr ; 2022 Sept; 59(9): 683-687
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-225365


Background: There is limited literature in children on efficacy of different routes of vitamin B12 administration for vitamin B12 deficiency macrocytic-megaloblastic anemia. Objective: To compare parenteral with oral vitamin B12 therapy in children with macrocytic-megaloblastic anemia. Study design: Single-center, open-label randomized controlled trial. Participant: 80 children aged 2 month-18 year with clinical and laboratory features of nutritional macrocytic anemia. Intervention: All children received an initial single parenteral dose of 1000 µg vitamin B12 followed by randomization to either parenteral or oral vitamin B12 for subsequent doses. Group A was given 1000 µg intramuscular (IM) vitamin B12 (3 doses on alternate days for those aged <10 year, five doses for age >10 year), followed by monthly 1000 µg IM for the subsequent two doses. Group B was given daily oral vitamin B12 1500 µg (500 µg in <2 years age) for three months. Folic acid and iron supplementation, and relevant dietary advice were given to both groups in a similar fashion. Outcome: Improvement in serum vitamin B12 levels and total hemoglobin was compared three months post-treatment. Result: The median(IQR) increase in serum vitamin B12 level was significantly higher in group A [600 (389,775) vs 399 (313, 606) pg/mL; P= 0.016]. The median (IQR) rise of hemoglobin was also more in group A [2.7 (0.4,4.6) vs 0.5 (-0.1,1.2) g/dL; P=0.001]. Conclusion: Increase in serum vitamin B12 levels and hemoglobin was better in children with nutritional macrocytic anemia receiving parenteral as compared to oral vitamin B12.

An. bras. dermatol ; 97(4): 478-490, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383607


Abstract Vitiligo is a complex disease whose pathogenesis results from the interaction of genetic components, metabolic factors linked to cellular oxidative stress, melanocyte adhesion to the epithelium, and immunity (innate and adaptive), which culminate in aggression against melanocytes. In vitiligo, melanocytes are more sensitive to oxidative damage, leading to the increased expression of proinflammatory proteins such as HSP70. The lower expression of epithelial adhesion molecules, such as DDR1 and E-cadherin, facilitates damage to melanocytes and exposure of antigens that favor autoimmunity. Activation of the type 1-IFN pathway perpetuates the direct action of CD8+ cells against melanocytes, facilitated by regulatory T-cell dysfunction. The identification of several genes involved in these processes sets the stage for disease development and maintenance. However, the relationship of vitiligo with environmental factors, psychological stress, comorbidities, and the elements that define individual susceptibility to the disease are a challenge to the integration of theories related to its pathogenesis.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-226321


Melasma is a skin condition characterized by dark spots and patches on the nose, cheeks, forehead and jaw line. Although it is completely harmless, it causes skin discoloration which is difficult to fade away with routine skin care. Melasma can lead to social isolation and stigmatization adversely affecting the quality of daily life which definitely has a major impact on individual’s psychological state and social relationship. The symptomatology of Vyanga given in various available Ayurvedic classics are Mandala (circular patches), Shyava (brown), Tanu (thin), Niruja (painless), etc. The clinical features of melasma can be correlated with Vyanga and condition can be treated based on the Vyanga Chikitsa. Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of Haritakyadi Lepa in the management of Vyanga and to review the etiopathology and the clinical aspect of the Vyanga. Result: Based on the collected data, efforts were made to evaluate the efficacy of Haritakyadi Lepa followed by Sadyo Virechana with Manibhadra Guda in the subjects of melasma vis-à-vis Vyanga. Conclusion: In contemporary science, topical steroids have been described in the management of melasma. Alternative to that Haritakyadi Lepa along with Madhu selected for treatment, has shown very effective result in Vyanga.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222050


Introduction: Dermal manifestations in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients may range from mild ones, like xerosis, skin pallor, pruritus, coated tongue, superficial infections and hair and nail changes, to severe life-threatening ones, like nephrogenic systemic fibrosis, which is a rare entity in current times. The present study was done to evaluate the spectrum of mucocutaneous manifestations in patients with CKD and to look for an association between them and various biochemical parameters and inflammatory markers. Material and methods: This study was a 1 year prospective, observational study conducted on adult patients with CKD who presented to the Nephrology clinic in Pt. BD Sharma PGIMS, Rohtak. Patients between the ages of 17 and 75 years with CKD stages II or more with dermatological conditions were included in this study. Each participant was subjected to detailed clinical, biochemical, radiological and dermatological examination by same consultants in order to avoid interpersonal variations. Various skin, mucosal, nail and hair manifestations along with cutaneous infections were analyzed across the spectrum of CKD. Results: Among cutaneous infections, fungal infections predominated, amongst which, onychomycosis was the most common. Xerosis was the most common dermatological disease and the prevalence of xerosis, skin pallor and pruritus was found to increase significantly from Stage II to Stage V and VD of CKD in a statistically significant manner. An association was found between xerosis and decreasing levels of hemoglobin and while ferritin was not different between patients with and without xerosis, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) was significantly higher in patients with xerosis. Similarly, hs-CRP levels were significantly elevated in patients with xerostomia and nail pallor as compared with those who did not have these conditions. Lastly, patients with nail pallor had significantly lower albumin. Conclusion: It was observed in our study that in CKD patients on hemodialysis and on conservative management, xerosis, pruritus, pigmentation, nail changes, oral mucosa changes and cutaneous infections were the predominant cutaneous manifestations. In patients with CKD, mucocutaneous manifestations progressively worsened as renal function deteriorated.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958748


Objective:To explore the risk factors of skin flap pigmentation after repairing skin and soft tissue defects of extremities using cutaneous neurovascular flap and to give some suggestions for prevention and treatment.Methods:From January 2013 to March 2020, 160 cases of extremities cutaneous nerve vascular flap with survival in Tangshan Second Hospital were retrospectively studied. According to the occurrence of pigmentation, they were divided into two groups: Group A (pigmentation group) and Group B (non-pigmentation group). The observation indexes included sex, age, injury cause, defect size, complete debridement, anastomosis of skin flap, sunscreen measures and postoperative infection. First, univariate analysis was carried out to screen the influencing factors of pigmentation in the cutaneous neurovascular flap, and then Logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis to screen the risk factors.Results:The postoperative follow-up time was 12 to 24 months, with an average of 17.9 months. A total of 29 patients (18.1%) had skin flap pigmentation. Univariate analysis showed that there was no significant difference in sex, age, cause of injury and defect area between the two groups ( P>0.05). Further multivariate analysis showed that incomplete debridement, lack of venous anastomosis, failure to take sunscreen measures and postoperative infection were the risk factors of pigmentation of cutaneous neurovascular flap ( OR=0.310, 0.335, 0.355、5.878, 95% CI=0.112-0.863, 0.115-0.975, 0.133-0.949, 2.069-16.697, P<0.05). Conclusions:Incomplete debridement, lack of venous anastomosis, failure to take sunscreen measures and postoperative infection are the risk factors resulting in pigmentation of neurovascular flap. It is important to perform prevention to reduce the incidence of pigmentation.

Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 690-692, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957725


Objective:To investigate two Chinese pedigrees with dyschromatosis symmetrica hereditaria (DSH) , and to analyze gene mutations in the pedigrees.Methods:Clinical data were collected from two probands with DSH and other family members in their pedigrees. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from the two probands, their parents and 100 unrelated healthy controls. Gene mutations were detected by using a skin-targeted sequencing panel, and then verified by Sanger sequencing.Results:Case 1, an 18-year-old male patient, presented with millet-sized hyperpigmented and hypopigmented macules scattered on the dorsum of both hands and feet at the age of 5 years, and his mother had similar manifestations. A novel heterozygous frameshift mutation c.1970dupT (p.F657fs) was identified in exon 5 of the ADAR gene in case 1 and his mother, but not found in his father. Case 2, an 8-year-old male patient, presented with mottled rice- to soybean-sized brown hyperpigmented macules and hypopigmented macules on the face and neck, lower back, buttocks, lower limbs, as well as hands and feet, and his father presented with similar manifestations. A known heterozygous frameshift mutation c.2433_2434delAG (p.T811fs) was identified in exon 7 of the ADAR gene in case 2 and his father, but not found in his mother. Neither of the two mutations was identified in the 100 unrelated healthy controls.Conclusion:In this study, a novel mutation c.1970dupT (p.F657fs) in the ADAR gene was identified in a patient with DSH.

Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 682-685, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957723


Objective:To report 3 cases of rare subtypes of hereditary epidermolysis bullosa.Methods:Clinical data were collected from the probands and their relatives, whole-exome sequencing was performed to screen disease-causing mutations in the probands, and Sanger sequencing or qPCR was conducted to verify the mutations in patients and their relatives.Results:Case 1 mainly presented with linear red scars on the back, and the proband, her mother with similar clinical manifestations and her asymptomatic daughter all carried a mutation c.4573G>A (p.Gly1525Arg) in the COL7A1 gene. Case 2 presented with generalized reticular pigmentation all over the body and occasional blisters restricted to the hand and foot, and carried a de novo mutation c.74C>T (p.Pro25Leu) in the KRT5 gene. Case 3 presented with pigmentation abnormalities mainly located at the sun-exposed sites and incomplete syndactyly of the left hand, and carried homozygous deletion mutations in exons 2-6 of the FERMT1 gene, which were inherited from her asymptomatic parents. Case 1 was diagnosed with dominant dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa pruriginosa, case 2 was diagnosed with epidermolysis bullosa simplex with mottled pigmentation, and case 3 was diagnosed with Kindler epidermolysis bullosa. Conclusion:The clinical manifestations of epidermolysis bullosa vary greatly, and gene detection is very important for confirmation of diagnosis of its rare types.

Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 703-705, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957716


Objective:To investigate mutations in the KRT5 gene in a pedigree with Dowling-Degos disease.Methods:Clinical data were collected from the proband, and a survey was conducted in 12 members in 3 generations of the family. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from the proband, 8 family members and 50 unrelated healthy individuals, genomic DNA was extracted for whole-exome sequencing, and sequencing results were compared with the published sequences of human KRT5, POFUT1 and POGLUT1 genes.Results:There were 3 patients in this family, including the proband, his father and deceased grandmother. The proband and his father clinically presented with reticular pigmentation in the skinfolds, especially the chest and abdomen skinfolds. A novel heterozygous nonsense mutation c.165T>A was identified in exon 1 of the KRT5 gene in the proband and his father, but not in other family members or healthy controls. No abnormality was found in the POFUT1 or POGLUT1 gene in any subjects.Conclusion:A novel heterozygous nonsense mutation c.165T>A was identified in the KRT5 gene, and may contribute to the clinical phenotype of the proband and his father with Dowling-Degos disease.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923370


@#Gingival pigmentation(GP) manifests as dark pigmentation spots, such as black or brown spots, in the gums. It is mostly caused by the deposition of melanin particles secreted by melanocytes on the gingival epithelium. The influencing factors may be divided into two categories, exogenous and endogenous. Exogenous factors include heavy metals, tattoos, smoking or drug use, and endogenous factors are related to certain diseases. The clinical grading of GP helps make a reasonable assessment of the necessity of treatment and prognosis. The Dummett-Gupta oral pigmentation index is a commonly used grading method, and the new grading method formed by combining the etiology and clinical manifestations described the patient’s situation more comprehensively. It is necessary to ask for a detailed medical history, complete examination, and correctly differentiate between physiological GP and GP caused by pathological state. Laser treatment is the currenttreatment with a better treatment effect and higher patient acceptance, and it is more comfortable and convenient, including diode laser, Er: YAG laser, and Nd: YAG laser, etc. This article summarizes the formation factors, clinical manifestations and treatment methods of GP to provide ideas for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of GP.

Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0016, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365729


ABSTRACT Reticular pigmentary retinal dystrophy, also known as Sjögren's reticular dystrophy, is a rare condition characterized by macular lesions with a reticular pattern, which are best seen on fluorescein angiogram. Choroidal neovascularization secondary to this type of dystrophy is even less common. This report describes a case of reticular pigmentary retinal dystrophy with vision loss due to neovascular membrane, which responded well to treatment with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor.

RESUMO A distrofia reticular pigmentar da retina, também conhecida como distrofia reticular de Sjögren, é uma doença rara, caracterizada por lesões maculares com um padrão reticular, que são mais bem visualizadas na angiografia com fluoresceína. A neovascularização de coroide secundária a este tipo de distrofia é ainda menos comum. Este relato descreve um caso de distrofia reticular pigmentar da retina, com perda de visão devido à membrana neovascular, que respondeu bem ao tratamento com fator de crescimento endotelial antivascular.

Humans , Male , Aged , Retinitis Pigmentosa/complications , Choroidal Neovascularization/etiology , Choroidal Neovascularization/drug therapy , Retinal Dystrophies/complications , Ranibizumab/administration & dosage , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Follow-Up Studies , Choroidal Neovascularization/diagnosis , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Intravitreal Injections , Ranibizumab/therapeutic use
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(1): e00287820, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355982


This study aims to investigate factors associated with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration in Brazilian adults considering sociodemographic and lifestyle factors, as well as vitamin D-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). This is a cross-sectional study (n = 491; 34-79y; 251 women), nested within a prospective cohort (Pró-Saúde Study). Associations between serum 25(OH)D and sociodemographic characteristics, diet, use of supplement, physical activity, season of blood collection, body fat, skin type, sun exposure index, and SNPs CYP2R1-rs10741657 and GC-rs2282679 were explored by multiple linear regression. The prevalence of serum 25(OH)D < 50nmol/L was 55%. Serum 25(OH)D was lower among women (β = -4.38; 95%CI: -8.02; -0.74), those with higher visceral fat (β = -4.02; 95%CI: -5.92; -2.12), and those with AC and CC genotypes for GC-rs2282679 (β = -6.84; 95%CI: -10.09; -3.59; β = -10.63; 95%CI: -17.52; -3.74, respectively). Factors directly associated with serum 25(OH)D included summer (β = 20.14; 95%CI: 14.38; 25.90), intermediate skin type (β = 6.16; 95%CI: 2.52; 9.80), higher sun exposure (β = 0.49; 95%CI: 0.22; 0.75), vitamin D intake (β = 0.48; 95%CI: 0.03; 0.93), and physical activity (β = 4.65; 95%CI: 1.54; 7.76). Besides physical activity, diet, and sun exposure, non-modifiable factors, such as GC genotypes must be considered when evaluating vitamin D insufficiency in mixed-race populations. Moreover, high visceral fat in association with poorer vitamin D status deserve attention given that both conditions are unfavorably related with chronic and acute health outcomes.

Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar fatores associados com as concentrações séricas de 25-hidroxivitamina [25(OH)D] em adultos brasileiros de acordo com fatores sociodemográficos e de estilo de vida, assim como de polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único (SNPs) relacionados à vitamina D. Este é um estudo transversal (n = 491; 34-79 anos; 251 mulheres) aninhado em uma coorte prospectiva (Estudo Pró-Saúde). Associações entre a 25(OH)D sérica e características sociodemográficas, consumo alimentar, uso de suplementos, atividade física, estação do ano na coleta da amostra de sangue, gordura corporal, fototipo de pele, índice de exposição solar e SNPs CYP2R1-rs10741657 e GC-rs2282679, explorados por regressão multilinear. A prevalência de 25(OH)D sérica < 50nmol/L foi 55%. A concentração sérica de 25(OH)D foi menor entre mulheres (β = -4,38; IC95%: -8,02; -0,74), indivíduos com mais gordura visceral (β = -4,02; IC95%: -5,92; -2,12) e genótipos AC e CC para GC-rs2282679 (β = -6,84; IC95%: -10,09; -3,59 e β = -10,63; IC95%: -17,52; -3,74, respectivamente). Os fatores associados diretamente à 25(OH)D sérica incluíram os meses de verão (β = 20,14; IC95%: 14,38; 25,90), fototipo intermediário (β = 6,16; IC95%: 2,52; 9,80), maior exposição solar (β = 0,49; IC95%: 0,22; 0,75), ingestão de vitamina D (β = 0,48; IC95%: 0,03; 0,93) e atividade física (β = 4,65; IC95%: 1,54; 7,76). Além de atividade física, dieta e exposição solar, fatores não modificáveis, tais como variantes do gene GC devem ser considerados na avaliação da deficiência de vitamina D em populações miscigenadas. Além disso, merece atenção a associação entre a gordura visceral elevada e o pior estado de vitamina D, uma vez que ambas as condições implicam em desfechos de saúde desfavoráveis, tanto crônicos quanto agudos.

Nuestro objetivo fue investigar factores asociados con la concentración sérica 25-hidroxivitamina D [25(OH)D] en adultos brasileños, considerando factores sociodemográficos y de vida, así como también los polimorfismos de nucleótido único relacionados con la vitamina D (SNPs). Se trata de un estudio transversal (n = 491; 34-79 años; 251 mujeres), anidado dentro de una cohorte prospectiva (Estudio Pro-Salud). Se investigaron las asociaciones entre concentración sérica 25(OH)D y características sociodemográficas, ingesta alimentaria, uso de suplementos, actividad física, estación del año de recogida de muestras de sangre, grasa corporal, tipo de piel, índice de exposición al sol, y SNPs CYP2R1-rs10741657 y GC-rs2282679 mediante una regresión múltiple lineal. La prevalencia sérica 25(OH)D < 50nmol/L fue 55%. La 25(OH)D sérica fue menor entre las mujeres (β = -4,38; IC95%: -8,02; -0,74), quienes tenían alta grasa visceral (β = -4,02; IC95%: -5,92; -2,12), genotipos AC y CC para GC-rs2282679 (β = -6,84; IC95%: -10,09; -3,59 y β = -10,63; IC95%: -17,52; -3,74, respectivamente). Los factores directamente asociados con la concentración sérica 25(OH)D incluyeron verano (β = 20,14; IC95%: 14,38; 25,90), tipo de piel intermedia (β = 6,16; IC95%: 2,52; 9,80), más alta exposición al sol (β = 0,49; IC95%: 0,22; 0,75), toma de vitamina D (β = 0,48; IC95%: 0,03; 0,93) y actividad física (β = 4,65; IC95%: 1,54; 7,76). Además de la actividad física, dieta y exposición al sol, los factores no modificables, tales como genotipos GC, necesitan tenerse en cuenta cuando se está evaluando la insuficiencia de vitamina D en poblaciones mestizas. Asimismo, las implicaciones de la asociación de una alta grasa visceral con un estatus más pobre de vitamina D merece que se le preste atención, puesto que ambas condiciones de salud están relacionadas desfavorablemente con resultados de salud graves y crónicos.

Humans , Female , Adult , Vitamin D-Binding Protein/genetics , Vitamin D Deficiency/genetics , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Seasons , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Life Style
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 46-52, 30 Diciembre 2021. ilus, tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368285


INTRODUCCIÓN. Los cambios de color en los dientes acrílicos dependen de varios factores, con el humo de cigarrillo como uno de los principales agentes de igmentación de las prótesis. OBJETIVO. Valorar el grado de pigmentación en dientes acrílicos sometidos al humo del cigarrillo, mediante espectrofotometría digital. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, analítico, de caso y control. Muestra de 60 dientes acrílicos divididos en dos grupos: A (resina acrílica de 3 capas) y B (resina acrílica de 4 capas). Se subdividió en: grupo 1: dientes sometidos a humo de cigarrillo estándar con filtro de carbón; grupo 2: dientes sometidos a humo de cigarrillo estándar sin filtro; y, grupo 3: grupo control. Cada uno de éstos se expuso a 150 cigarrillos, 5 diarios durante 30 días y el grupo control fue mantenido a 37ºC en saliva artificial durante 30 días sin aplicación de humo de cigarrillo. Para la toma de color se empleó espectrofotómetro Vita Easyshade®. Los análisis se realizaron en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences mediante la prueba de Kruskal-Wallis y comparaciones de Dunn. RESULTADOS. Se determinó que la pigmentación del grupo B fue mayor a la del grupo A, con una diferencia significativa entre ellos (p< 0,05). No se encontró datos estadísticamente significativos entre cigarrillos (con filtro - sin filtro). CONCLUSIÓN. La exposición al humo de cigarrillo pigmentó los dientes acrílicos de ambas propiedades siendo mayor en los dientes de resina acrílica de 4 capas.

INTRODUCTION. Color changes in acrylic teeth depend on several factors, with cigarette smoke as one of the main agents of denture pigmentation. OBJECTIVE. To assess the degree of pigmentation in acrylic teeth subjected to cigarette smoke, using digital spectrophotometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Observational, analytical, case-control study. Sample of 60 acrylic teeth divided into two groups: A (3-layer acrylic resin) and B (4-layer acrylic resin). It was subdivided into: group 1: teeth subjected to standard cigarette smoke with charcoal filter; group 2: teeth subjected to standard cigarette smoke without filter; and, group 3: control group. Each of these was exposed to 150 cigarettes, 5 daily for 30 days and the control group was maintained at 37ºC in artificial saliva for 30 days without application of cigarette smoke. Vita Easyshade® spectrophotometer was used for color determination. The analyses were performed in the statistical program International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences using the Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's comparisons. RESULTS. It was determined that the pigmentation of group B was greater than that of group A, with a significant difference between them (p< 0,05). No statistically significant data was found between cigarettes (filtered - unfiltered). CONCLUSION. Cigarette smoke exposure pigmented acrylic teeth of both properties being higher in 4-layer acrylic resin teeth.

Humans , Saliva, Artificial , Pigmentation , Jaw, Edentulous , Dental Prosthesis , Color Perception , Cigarette Smoking , Students, Dental , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Tooth Diseases , Acrylic Resins , In Vitro Techniques , Dentistry , Tooth Wear
Rev. Cuerpo Méd. Hosp. Nac. Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo ; 14(3): 394-397, Nov. 26, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356712


RESUMEN Introducción: El eritema pigmentado fijo ampolloso, es una forma de toxicodermia potencialmente grave. Se caracteriza por la aparición de lesiones cutáneas y/o mucosas, únicas o múltiples, pueden aparecer en cualquier zona, tras la administración de un fármaco u otra sustancia. Se presenta un varón de 73 años con diagnóstico de eritema pigmentado fijo ampolloso secundario a la ingesta de ivermectina. Es necesario que el medico sepa reconocer los efectos adversos de la automedicación con ivermectina contra el SARS CoV-2, a fin de realizar un diagnóstico temprano e iniciar un tratamiento oportuno.

ABSTRACT Background: Bullous fixed pigmented erythema is a potentially serious form of toxicoderma. It is characterized by the appearance of cutaneous and / or mucosal lesions, single or multiple, which can appear in any area, after the administration of a drug or other substance. A 73-year-old man is presented with a diagnosis of bullous fixed pigmented erythema secondary to the ingestion of ivermectin. It is necessary for the physician to recognize the adverse effects of self-medication with ivermectin against SARS CoV-2, to make an early diagnosis and initiate timely treatment.