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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250151, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350306

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mammals have a limited capacity to regenerate their tissues and organs. One of the mechanisms associated with natural regeneration is dedifferentiation. Several small molecules such as vitamin C and growth factors could improve reprogramming efficiency. In this study, the NTERA2-D1 (NT2) cells were induced towards differentiation (NT2-RA) with 10-5 M retinoic acid (RA) for three days and then subjected to various amounts of vitreous humor (VH). Results show that the growth rate of these cells was reduced, while this rate was partly restored upon treatment with VH (NT2-RA-VH). Cell cycle analysis with PI method also showed that the numbers of cells at the S phase of the cell cycle in these cells were increased. The levels of SSEA3 and TRA-1-81 antigens in NT2-RA were dropped but they increased in NT2- RA-VH to a level similar to the NT2 cells. The level of SSEA1 had an opposite pattern. Expression of OCT4 gene dropped after RA treatment, but it was recovered in NT2-RA-VH cells. In conclusion, we suggest VH as a potent mixture for improving the cellular reprogramming leading to dedifferentiation.


Resumo Os mamíferos têm uma capacidade limitada de regenerar seus tecidos e órgãos. Um dos mecanismos associados à regeneração natural é a desdiferenciação. Várias moléculas pequenas, como vitamina C e fatores de crescimento, podem melhorar a eficiência da reprogramação. Neste estudo, as células NTERA2-D1 (NT2) foram induzidas à diferenciação (NT2-RA) com ácido retinóico (RA) 10-5 M por três dias e depois submetidas a várias quantidades de humor vítreo (VH). Os resultados mostram que a taxa de crescimento dessas células foi reduzida, enquanto essa taxa foi parcialmente restaurada após o tratamento com VH (NT2-RA-VH). A análise do ciclo celular com o método PI também mostrou que o número de células na fase S do ciclo celular nessas células estava aumentado. Os níveis de antígenos SSEA3 e TRA-1-81 em NT2-RA diminuíram, mas aumentaram em NT2-RA-VH a um nível semelhante ao das células NT2. O nível de SSEA1 teve um padrão oposto. A expressão do gene OCT4 diminuiu após o tratamento com AR, mas foi recuperado em células NT2-RA-VH. Em conclusão, sugerimos o VH como uma mistura potente para melhorar a reprogramação celular levando à desdiferenciação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitreous Body , Cell Proliferation , Cell Dedifferentiation , Tretinoin , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Cell Differentiation , Cell Division , Cell Line
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 194-199, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913021

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the potential toxic effects of paclitaxel(PTX)on the proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, morphology, and blood-retinal barrier(BRB)of human retinal pigment epithelial cells(ARPE-19). <p>METHODS: ARPE-19 cells were cultured <i>in vitro</i> and divided into two groups: Control group(Control)and drug plus group(PTX). ARPE-19 cells were treated with different concentrations of PTX(0.005, 0.05, 0.5, 5mg/L)for a certain period of time(12, 24, 36, 48, 72h), and CCK8 assay and flow cytometry were used to detect the effects of drug on proliferation and apoptosis of ARPE-19 cells at different concentrations and time points. The same time, the cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Morphological changes of cells were observed by immunofluorescence. Expressions of apoptosis-related proteins and barrier function-related proteins were detected by Western blot. The effect of the drug on the cell barrier was measured by measuring the transepithelial resistance of the cells. <p>RESULTS: PTX reduced the proliferation ability of ARPE-19 cells. After 36h of treatment with low concentration of 0.005mg/L paclitaxel, cell proliferation began to be affected. At the same time, PTX accelerated cell apoptosis was dependent on drug concentration and time. Flow cytometry showed that the cells were arrested in the G2-M phase. In addition, PTX causes significant morphological changes in cells, with normal cells fusiform or irregular. In the PTX group, the number of cells decreased and the cell shape tended to be round. PTX affected retinal barrier function, and the transepithelial resistance of cells was significantly decreased after treatment, and the expression of tight junction proteins ZO-1 and Occludin were significantly decreased compared with the control group(<i>P</i><0.05). The expression levels of Cleaved-caspase-3 and Bax were significantly increased compared with the control group, while the expression levels of Bcl-2 were significantly decreased(<i>P</i><0.05)and was dependent on drug concentration and time. <p>CONCLUSION: PTX can affect the proliferation and apoptosis of ARPE-19 cells, and it depends on time and concentration. In addition, PTX affected the cell cycle and morphology of ARPE-19 cell. At the same time PTX can destroy the barrier function of the retina,suggesting that anti-tumor drugs have a potential toxic effect on the retina.

3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 67-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907035

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the isolation, culture and identification of mouse amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cell (AF-MSC). Methods The uteruses of pregnant mice were obtained under sterile conditions. The amniotic fluid was collected, filtered and centrifuged, and the precipitated cell mass was cultured and passaged. The morphology of AF-MSC was observed and the proliferation characteristics of AF-MSC were analyzed. The surface markers of AF-MSC were identified by flow cytometry. The osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic differentiation capability of AF-MSC and cell vitality after cryopreservation and resuscitation were evaluated. Results The mouse AF-MSC was seen in typical spindle shape, and vortex structure could be observed when the cell confluency exceeded 80%. No evident latency was noted in the passage and culture of mouse AF-MSC. After 2-3 d culture, AF-MSC proliferated in the logarithmic growth stage with the fastest growth rate, which was slowed down and entered into the plateau period. AF-MSC expressed stem cell antigen (Sca)-1, CD29 and CD44 rather than CD34 and CD45. After the osteogenic differentiation of mouse AF-MSC, the mineralized crystals were stained in dark red spots by Alizarin red S staining. After chondrogenic differentiation, the secreted acid mucopolysaccharide was stained in light blue by Alcian blue. After adipogenic differentiation, cytoplasmic lipid droplets were stained in red by oil red O staining. After cryopreservation and resuscitation, the survival rate of AF-MSC exceeded 95%, and the growth status was excellent. The proliferation ability at 6 d was significantly better than that before cryopreservation (P < 0.05), and the proliferation ability at other time points did not significantly differ from that before cryopreservation (all P > 0.05). Conclusions Mouse AF-MSC may be successfully isolated with convenient procedure and the low cost. In addition, the isolated AF-MSC may be purified along with the increasing times of passage. Cryopreservation does not affect the proliferation ability of AF-MSC.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904799

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the relationship between serum miR-199a-5p and miR-378a-3p levels and the recurrence of infants with proliferative facial hemangioma relapsed after propranolol withdrawal in infants.@*Methods@#Ninety-three infants with proliferative facial hemangioma were selected, all of whom received propranolol treatment. The recurrence of the hemangioma after treatment was followed up, and the children were divided into a recurrence group (23 patients) and a nonrecurrence group (70 patients). Venous blood was collected before and after treatment, and the serum levels of miR-199a-5p and miR-378a-3p were detected by qRT-PCR, and the relationship between the serum levels of miR-199a-5p and miR-378a-3p and the recurrence of proliferative facial hemangioma relapsed after propranolol withdrawal in infants was analyzed.@*Results @# The serum expressions levels of miR-199a-5p and miR-378a-3p in non-relapsed group were increased after treatment compared with before treatment (P < 0.05), and there was no significant difference in the levels of miR-199a-5p and miR-378a-3p in the serum of the recurrence group after treatment compared with before treatment (P > 0.05). After treatment, the levels of miR-199a-5p and miR-378a-3p in the serum of the recurrence group were lower than those of the nonrecurrence group (P < 0.05). After treatment, the serum levels of miR-199a-5p and miR-378a-3p in patients with Ⅲ ~Ⅳ Norm grade hemangioma were higher than those in patients with Ⅰ~Ⅱ Norm grade hemangioma (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the low expression of miR-199a-5p, low expression of miR-378a-3p and tumor grade Ⅰ~Ⅱ after treatment were risk factors for the recurrence of proliferative facial hemangioma after propranolol withdrawal in infants (P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@# Low serum levels of miR-199a-5p and miR-378a-3p are associated with the recurrence of proliferative facial hemangioma after propranolol withdrawal in infants.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904798

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the effect of silencing histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) expression on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs).@*Methods@# PDLSCs were isolated, cultured and identified in vitro. An siRNA construct specific for HDAC9 was transfected into PDLSCs (siHDAC9 group), and a nontargeting siRNA was used as a control (siNC group). The interference effect was determined by qRT-PCR. The cell cycle progression of PDLSCs was detected using flow cytometry. The proliferation activity of PDLSCs was detected via CCK-8 assay. Western blotting was used to detect the protein expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The mRNA expression of runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) was investigated by qRT-PCR. The protein expression of RUNX2 was detected by western blotting. In addition, the formation of mineralized nodules was assessed by alizarin red staining. @*Results@#Compared with that in the siNC group, the mRNA expression of HDAC9 in the siHDAC9 group was lower (P < 0.01). Moreover, compared with those in the siNC group, the proliferation index (P<0.01), proliferation activity (P<0.05) and protein expression of PCNA (P<0.01) in the siHDAC9 group were all increased. Compared with the siNC group, the siHDAC9 group exhibited higher mRNA expression of RUNX2 and ALP (P < 0.05), and the protein expression of RUNX2 showed the same results (P < 0.01). The results of alizarin red staining showed that compared to the siNC group, the siHDAC9 group formed more mineralized nodules.@* Conclusion@#Silencing HDAC9 expression can promote the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of PDLSCs.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929237

ABSTRACT

Chemical investigation of the culture extract of an endophytic Penicillium citrinum from Dendrobium officinale, afforded nine citrinin derivatives (1-9) and one peptide-polyketide hybrid GKK1032B (10). The structures of these compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods. The absolute configurations of 1 and 2 were determined for the first time by calculation of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data. Among them, GKK1032B (10) showed significant cytotoxicity against human osteosarcoma cell line MG63 with an IC50 value of 3.49 μmol·L-1, and a primary mechanistic study revealed that it induced the apoptosis of MG63 cellsvia caspase pathway activation.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bone Neoplasms , Caspases , Humans , Osteosarcoma/drug therapy , Penicillium
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929038

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem/stromal cell (MSC)‍-based therapy has been regarded as one of the most revolutionary breakthroughs in the history of modern medicine owing to its myriad of immunoregulatory and regenerative properties. With the rapid progress in the fields of osteo- and musculoskeletal therapies, the demand for MSC-based treatment modalities is becoming increasingly prominent. In this endeavor, researchers around the world have devised new and innovative techniques to support the proliferation of MSCs while minimizing the loss of hallmark features of stem cells. One such example is electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure, which is an alternative approach with promising potential. In this review, we present a critical discourse on the efficiency, practicability, and limitations of some of the relevant methods, with insurmountable evidence backing the implementation of EMF as a feasible strategy for the clinically relevant expansion of MSCs.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Electromagnetic Fields , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Signal Transduction
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Liver cancer is the sixth most common malignant tumor in the world. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) accounts for 85%-90% of all patients with liver cancer. It possesses the characteristics of insidious onset, rapid progression, early recurrence, easy drug resistance, and poor prognosis. NIMA related kinase 2 (NEK2) is a cell cycle regulating kinases, which regulates cell cycle in mitosis. Cellular senescence is a complex heterogeneous process, and is a stable form of cell cycle arrest that limits the proliferative potential of cells. This study aims to investigate the relationship between the expression level of NEK2 and the senescence in hepatoma cells, and to explore the effect of NEK2 expression on hepatoma cell senescence and the underlying molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 581 senescence-relevant genes were obtained from the GenAge website. The gene expression data of tumor tissues of 370 HCC patients were downloaded from the Cancer Genome Atlas database. The co-expression of NEK2 and aging-related genes was analyzed by R-package. KEGG was used to analyze the significant gene enrichment pathway of differentially expressed genes in NEK2 overexpression HEK293. The stable transfected cell lines with overexpression and knockdown of NEK2 were constructed in hepatoma cell line SMMC-7721 and HepG2, and senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining was used to detect senescence, the cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method and clone formation experiment, the cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry, and the expression of proteins related to p53/p21, p16/Rb, and phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN)/Akt signal transduction pathway was detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#There were 320 senescence related genes co-expressed with NEK2. KEGG analysis showed that the senescence signaling pathway was significantly enriched in HEK293 cells with overexpression of NEK2.Compared with SMMC-7721 or HepG2 without knockdown of NEK2, the senescent cells of SMMC-7721 and HepG2 with knockdown of NEK2 were increased, cell proliferation and clone formation were decreased significantly, the percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase was increased, the expression levels of phospho-Akt (p-Akt) and phospho-Rb (p-Rb) protein were decreased significantly, and the expression level of p16 protein was increased significantly (all P<0.05). Compared with SMMC-7721 or HepG2 transfected with blank plasmid, the senescent cells of SMMC-7721 and HepG2 overexpressing NEK2 were decreased, the cell proliferation and clone formation were increased significantly, the percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase were decreased, the expression levels of p-Akt and p-Rb protein were increased significantly, and the expression level of p16 protein was decreased significantly (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#NEK2 may mediate the anti-aging effect of hepatoma cells through p16/Rb and PTEN/Akt signal transduction pathways, which provides a new theoretical basis for NEK2 to promote the progress of liver cancer and a new idea for the targeting treatment for liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Cellular Senescence/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , NIMA-Related Kinases/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for 85% of all lung cancer, with highmorbidity and mortality rate. Nove drug development for NSCLC is urgently needed.This study aims to investigate the activity of lathyrol derivatives and the mechanism for its inhibitory effect on the growth of NSCLC cells.@*METHODS@#Three lathyrol derivatives were synthesized from lathyrol and their structures were verified by nuclear magnetic resonance. MTT assay was used to detect the effects of the lathyrol derivatives on the proliferation activity of NSCLC cells (A549 and H1299 cells), and the compound with the best activity was selected for subsequent experiments. Colony forming assay, wound-healing assay, and transwell assay were applied to detect in vitro cell proliferation, migration and invasion ability in A549 and H1299 cells, respectively. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting were performed to detect mRNA and protein levels of E-cadherin, N-cadherin, β-catenin, and MMP2 in A549 cells, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Three lathyrol derivatives inhibited the growth of A549 and H1299 cells in a dose-dependent manner, and they showed a weak inhibitory effect on normal cells Beas-2B and 16HBE, indicating that they possessed certain selective toxic effects. Therefore, C-5 benzoylated lathyrol with the best activity was selected as the ideal drug for the subsequent experiments. Compared with the control group, the number and size of cell clusters in the treatment group of A549 and H1299 cells were significantly decreased, the relative mobility were significantly decreased, and the number of invaded cells were significantly decreased (all P<0.05), indicating that the in vitro cell proliferation, migration and invasion ability were decreased. The mRNA levels of integrin α2, integrin β1, MMP2, MMP9, β-catenin, and N-cadherin were decreased, while the expression of E-cadherin was increased (all P<0.05). The protein levels of N-cadherin, β-catenin, MMP2, and integrin αV were decreased, while the expression of E-cadherin was increased (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The lathyrol derivatives synthesized in this study possess good inhibitory activity against NSCLC. Among them, C-5 benzoylated lathyrol significantly inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion ability of NSCLC cells in vitro through regulating the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition.


Subject(s)
Cadherins/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , RNA, Messenger , beta Catenin/genetics
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929001

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) can cause lipid metabolism disorders in animal body and affect the lipolysis and synthesis of fatty acids. Peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor (PPAR) plays an extremely important role in this process. This study aims to explore the effects of PFOA on liver lipid metabolism disorders in Sprague Dewley (SD) rats and the expression of PPAR.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10 in each group): a control group (ddH2O), a low-dose PFOA group [PFOA 1.25 mg/(kg·d)], a middle-dose PFOA group [PFOA 5.00 mg/(kg·d)], and a high-dose PFOA group [PFOA 20.00 mg/(kg·d)]. The rats were fed with normal diet, and PFOA exposure were performed by oral gavage for 14 days, and the rats were observed, weighted and recorded every day during the exposure. After the exposure, the blood was collected, and the livers were quickly stripped after the rats were killed. Part of the liver tissues were fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde for periodic acid-schiff (PAS) staining; the contents of HDLC, LDLC, TG, TC in serum and liver tissues, as well as the activities of their related enzymes were assayed; The expression levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate-response element binding protein (Cbp), general control of amino acid synthesis 5-like 2 (Gcn5L2), peroxidation peroxisome proliferation factor activated receptor γ (PPAR), silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1) and human retinoid X receptor alpha 2 (Rxrα2) ) were detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#After 14 days of PFOA exposure, the PAS staining positive particles in the cytoplasm and nucleus of SD rats in the medium and high dose groups were significantly reduced compared with the control group. The serum levels of LDLC and TC in the low-dose and middle-dose groups were significantly reduced compared with the control group (all P<0.05), while the high-dose group showed an increasing tendency, without siginificant difference (P>0.05), there was no significant difference in HDLC and TG (both P>0.05). The activities of alkaline phosphatase (AKP) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were increased significantly (both P<0.05) compared with control group; the ratio of ALT/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the high-dose group was increased significantly (P<0.05), there was no significant difference in LDH and TG (both P>0.05); the HDLC content in the liver tissues in the high-dose group was significantly reduced, compared with the control group (P<0.05); the TC contents in the liver tissues in the low, medium and high-dose groups were significantly increased (all P<0.05), there was no significant difference in LDLC and TG (both P>0.05); the AKP activity in the livers in the medium and high-dose groups was significantly increased (both P<0.05), there was no siginificant difference in LDH, ALT, and the ratio of ALT/AST (all P>0.05); the protein expression levels of Ppar γ, Cbp and Rxrα2 in the liver in the high dose groups were significantly down-regulated compared with the control group (all P<0.05), while the protein expression levels of Sirt1 were significantly up-regulated (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#PFOA exposure can cause lipid metabolism disorder and glycogen reduction in SD rat livers, which may be related to the activation of Sirt1 and inhibition of Ppar γ expression, leading to affecting the normal metabolism of fatty acids and promoting glycolysis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Caprylates , Fatty Acids/pharmacology , Fluorocarbons , Lipid Metabolism , Lipid Metabolism Disorders/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Male , PPAR gamma , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sirtuin 1/metabolism
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928989

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease. MicroRNA has been shown to play an important role in RA. MicroRNA-124a (miR-124a) has anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects in RA fibroblast synovial cells. This study aims to explore the effects of miR-124a overexpression on arthritis in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice and the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Bovine type II collagen and complete Ferris adjuvant were used to induce CIA model from DBA/1 mice. Twenty-eight days after initial immunization (D28), CIA mice were randomly divided into a model group, a miR-124a treatment group, and a negative control (NC) group. Physiological saline, miR-124a agomir, and miR-124a agomir NC were injected into the skin at the tail root of mice every 3 days for 4 times, respectively. The degree of joint swelling and arthritis index of mice were recorded accordingly. Sixty-three days after initial immunization (D63), the mice were sacrificed to obtain the synovial tissue of ankle joint. HE staining was used to observe the proliferation of synovial cell, infiltration of inflammatory cell, pannus, and bone erosion of synovial tissues; TUNEL staining was used to detect cell apoptosis; qRT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of miR-124a, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) and its downstream genes Bcl-2 and Bax. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the protein expression of PIK3CA, Bcl-2, and Bax protein in synovial tissues of each group.@*RESULTS@#Different degrees of swelling presented in the paws of DBA/1 mice at D28, which indicated the CIA model was constructed successfully. Forty-eight days after initial immunization (D48), the paws of mice in the miR-124a treatment group were only slightly red and swollen, while the paws of mice in the model group and the NC group were obviously red and swollen. The arthritis index of mice in the miR-124a treatment group were decreased significantly compared to the NC group at D51, D53, D59, and D62 (51, 53, 59, 62 days after initial immunization) (all P<0.05). Sixty-three days after initial immunization (D63), HE staining indicated that the scores of synovial cell proliferation, inflammatory cell infiltration, synovial pannus, and bone erosion were significantly reduced in the miR-124a treatment group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while cell apoptosis was increased in the miR-124a treatment group compared with the model group and NC group (P<0.01 or P<0.001). Besides, the expression of miR-124a and Bax in the synovial tissue in miR-124a treatment group was significantly higher than those in the model group and NC group (P<0.01 or P<0.001), while the expressions of PIK3CA and Bcl-2 were decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01 or P<0.001), and the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax was significantly decreased (P<0.01 or P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Overexpression of miR-124a can reduce arthritis in CIA mice bacause it could promote synovial cell apoptosis and inhibit synovial cell proliferation via targeting PIK3CA and regulating its downstream pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/metabolism , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Cattle , Cell Proliferation , Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Synovial Membrane , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928959

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of total ginsenosides (TG) extract from Panax ginseng on neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation and differentiation and their underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The migration of NSCs after treatment with various concentrations of TG extract (50, 100, or 200 µ g/mL) were monitored. The proliferation of NSCs was examined by a combination of cell counting kit-8 and neurosphere assays. NSC differentiation mediated by TG extract was evaluated by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining to monitor the expression of nestin and microtubule associated protein 2 (MAP2). The GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway in TG-treated NSCs was examined by Western blot assay. The NSCs with constitutively active GSK-3β mutant were made by adenovirus-mediated gene transfection, then the proliferation and differentiation of NSCs mediated by TG were further verified.@*RESULTS@#TG treatment significantly enhanced NSC migration (P<0.01 or P<0.05) and increased the proliferation of NSCs (P<0.01 or P<0.05). TG mediation also significantly upregulated MAP2 expression but downregulated nestin expression (P<0.01 or P<0.05). TG extract also significantly induced GSK-3β phosphorylation at Ser9, leading to GSK-3β inactivation and, consequently, the activation of the GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway (P<0.01 or P<0.05). In addition, constitutive activation of GSK-3β in NSCs by the transfection of GSK-3β S9A mutant was found to significantly suppress TG-mediated NSC proliferation and differentiation (P<0.01 or P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#TG promoted NSC proliferation and neuronal differentiation by inactivating GSK-3β.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/metabolism , Neural Stem Cells/metabolism , Panax , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Rats , beta Catenin/metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928732

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of acute myeloid leukemia cells in leukemia-microenvironment on proliferation and apoptosis of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (BM-MSC).@*METHODS@#Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) murine models overexpressing MLL-AF9 were established. The number of BM-MSC of wild type (WT) and AML-derived mice were analyzed by flow cytometry. Morphology and growth differences between WT and AML-derived BM-MSC were analyzed by inverted fluorescence microscope. Proliferation and apoptosis of BM-MSC between these two groups were detected by Brdu and Annexin V/PI.@*RESULTS@#Compared with WT-derived BM-MSC, the number and proliferation rate of AML-derived BM-MSC significantly increased (P<0.01, P<0.001), while apoptosis rate decreased (P<0.05). When cultured in vitro, BM-MSC grew faster under conditional medium.@*CONCLUSION@#AML cells can promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of BM-MSC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Tumor Microenvironment
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928726

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of carvacrol on the biological behavior of leukemia cells and its regulation to circ-0008717/miR-217 molecular axis.@*METHODS@#Human acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells Molt-4 were cultured in vitro, and different concentrations of carvacrol were added to the cells. si-NC and si-circ-0008717 were transfected into Molt-4 cells (si-NC group, si-circ-0008717 group). pcDNA, pcDNA-circ-0008717, anti-miR-NC, anti-miR-217 were transfected into Molt-4 cells and then added to carvacrol-treated cells (carvacrol+pcDNA group, carvacrol+pcDNA-circ-0008717 group, carvacrol+anti-miR-NC group, carvacrol+anti-miR-217 group). MTT, plate clone formation experiment, and flow cytometry were used to detect the viability of the cell, colony formation number, and apoptosis rate of cells, respectively. The RT-qPCR method was used to detect the expression levels of circ-0008717 and miR-217. The dual luciferase reporter gene experiment was used to detect the targeting relationship between circ-0008717 and miR-217.@*RESULTS@#After carvacrol treatment, the cell viability decreased significantly (r=-0.9405), expression level of circ-0008717 decreased (r=-0.9117), colonies formed number decreased (r=-0.9256), while the cell apoptosis rate increased (r= 0.8464), and the expression level of miR-217 increased (r=0.9468). Compared with the si-NC group, the expression level of miR-217 in si-circ-0008717 group increased (P<0.001), the cell apoptosis rate increased (P<0.001), while cell viability decreased (P<0001), the number of colonies formed decreased (P<0.001). Compared with the carvacrol+pcDNA group, the cell viability of the carvacrol+pcDNA-circ-0008717 group increased (P<0.001), the number of colonies formed increased (P<0.001), while the cell apoptosis rate decreased (P<0.001). circ-0008717 could target miR-217. The cell viability of the carvacrol+anti-miR-217 group increased (P<0.001), and the number of colonies formed increased (P<0.001), while the cell apoptosis rate decreased (P<0001) as compared with the carvacrol+anti-miR-NC group.@*CONCLUSION@#Carvacrol can promote the expression of miR-217 by down-regulating the expression of circ-0008717, thereby reducing the proliferation and cloning ability of leukemia cells and promoting cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Antagomirs , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cymenes , Humans , Leukemia , MicroRNAs/genetics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928713

ABSTRACT

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a kind of the most common hematopoietic malignancy, its recurrence and drug resistance are closely related to the bone marrow microenvironment. Bone marrow stromal cell (BMSC) is an important part of the bone marrow microenvironment and their interaction with leukemia cells cannot be ignored. BMSC participates in and regulate signaling pathways related to proliferation or apoptosis of ALL cells by secretes cytokines or extracellular matrix proteins, thus affecting the survival of ALL cells. In this review, the research advance of several signaling pathways of the interaction between BMSC and ALL cells was summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Stromal Cells , Tumor Microenvironment
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928134

ABSTRACT

To investigate the toxicity and related mechanism of miltirone to human acute myeloid leukemia THP-1 cells. To be specific, the active components and targets of miltirone were retrieved from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and the target proteins were converted into standard gene names with UniProt. Acute leukemia-rela-ted target genes were screened from GeneCards and DisGeNET. Venn diagram was constructed with Venny 2.1 to yield the common targets of the disease and the drug. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed by STRING and Cytoscape 3.8.2. THP-1 cells in the logarithmic growth phase were treated with dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO), and 2.5, 5, 10, 15, and 20 μmol·L~(-1) miltirone for 24 h, respectively. The proliferation rate of cells was analyzed by carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester(CFSE), apoptosis rate by flow cytometry with Annexin V-PE/7 AAD staining, and cell morphology by acridine orange staining. Real-time quantitative PCR(qPCR) was employed to detect the mRNA levels of nuclear receptor coactivator 2(NCOA2), poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1(PARP1), B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2)-associated X protein(Bax), Bcl-2, and cysteine aspartyl protease-3(caspase-3). The effect of miltirone on apoptosis was detected in presence of caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK. A total of 26 targets of miltirone, 1 046 genes related to acute leukemia, and 6 common targets of the two were screened out. Flow cytometry result showed miltirone at 10 μmol·L~(-1) can inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis of THP-1 cells. The typical manifestations of apoptosis, such as cell shrinkage, nuclear rupture, and chromatin agglomerate were displayed by acridine orange staining. The decreased mRNA levels of NCOA2 and PARP1 and increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and the activity of pro-apoptotic protein caspase-3 were observed. Z-VAD-FMK can attenuate the apoptosis-inducing effect of miltirone. This study indicates that miltirone can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of THP-1 cells, by down-regulating NCOA2 and PARP1, raising Bax/Bcl-2 ratio, and activating caspase-3.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia/metabolism , Phenanthrenes/pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , THP-1 Cells , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928095

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the mechanism of polyphyllin A(PPA) in inhibiting gastric cancer(GC) cells. GC cells(SGC7901 and MGC803 cell lines) were treated with PPA at different concentrations. The effect of PPA on the proliferation of GC cells was detected by MTT assay, real-time cell analysis(RTCA) assay, and clone-forming assay, respectively. Reactive oxygen species(ROS) of GC cells was detected by flow cytometry. The change of mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by JC-1 assay. The expression and phosphorylation levels of apoptosis-related proteins(caspase-9, caspase-3, and PARP) and proteins related to the signaling pathway(ETS-1, CIP2 A, and Akt) were detected by Western blot. The binding sites of PPA to ETS-1 were analyzed by molecular docking. The affinity of PPA and ETS-1 was detected by drug affinity responsive target stability(DARTS) assay. PPA had a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation and colony formation of GC cells at a low concentration. The PPA groups showed increased ROS and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential. PPA down-regulated the precursor expression of caspase-9 and caspase-3 and promoted the cleavage of PARP, suggesting that PPA induced the apoptosis of GC cells through the mitochondrial pathway. PPA significantly reduced expression levels of CIP2 A and the phosphorylation of downstream Akt. Molecular docking showed that PPA bound to the ETS domain of ETS-1, the transcription factor of CIP2 A, and formed hydrogen bonds with Pro319 and Asp317. DARTS assay further confirmed that PPA significantly prevented the hydrolysis of ETS-1 by pronase, which was inductive of the direct binding effect of PPA and ETS-1. PPA inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of GC cells by directly targeting ETS-1 to down-regulate the ETS-1/CIP2 A/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927897

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of long-chain noncoding RNA Linc00673 overexpression on proliferation and apoptosis of gastric cancer cells and its mechanisms. Methods: The recombinant lentivirus expressing plasmid pLVX-Linc00673 and the control empty plasmid pLVX-NC were packaged and amplified in 293T cells, and the recombinant lentivirus was transfected into gastric cancer cell line MGC-803 to establish a cell line stably overexpressing Linc00673. The expression of Linc00673 gene was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The growth and proliferation of cells were observed by MTT assay and clone formation assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of cell cycle related regulatory genes were detected by qPCR. The expressions of key molecules in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and tumor proliferation related proteins were detected by Western blot. Results: The expressions of Linc00673 in gastric cancer cell line MGC-803, BGC-823 and AGS were significantly higher than that in normal gastric mucosa cell line GES-1 (P<0.05). MGC-803 cell line with stable overexpression of LINC00673 was established, and the expression level of LincC00673 was 200 times higher than that of the control empty carrier group. Overexpression of Linc00673 promoted proliferation of MGC-803 cells (P<0.05) and clone formation (P<0.05), inhibited cell apoptosis and affected the G1→S phase progression of cell cycle (P<0.01). Overexpression of Linc00673 could affect the expressions of cell cycle regulatory gene CCNG2, P19 and CDK1 in MGC-803. Western blot showed that Linc00673 overexpression not only promoted the expressions of the key molecule pAkt in PI3K / Akt signaling pathway and its downstream target NF-κ B and Bcl-2 protein, but also up regulated the expressions of tumor related factors β-catenin and EZH2 proteins. Conclusion: Overexpression of Linc00673 may promote proliferation and inhibit apoptosis of MGC-803 cells through PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927872

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the performance and mechanism of(+)-corynoline in treating triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-436 cells and thus provide an option for the development of drugs against this cancer. Methods The viability,proliferation,apoptosis and migration/invasion of MDA-MB-436 cells treated with(+)-corynoline were detected by CCK-8 assay,colony formation assay,flow cytometry and Transwell assay,respectively.Furthermore,Western blotting was employed to determine the expression of related proteins,and RNA-Seq was performed for the MDA-MB-436 cells treated with(+)-corynoline. Results (+)-corynoline inhibited the proliferation and stemness and promoted the apoptosis of MDA-MB-436 cells.Further,(+)-corynoline may activate the oxidative phosphorylation pathway to play a role in inhibiting triple negative breast cancer. Conclusion (+)-corynoline can inhibit triple negative breast cancer cells,which helps to address the poor efficacy of existing chemotherapeutics and facilitate the development of drugs against this cancer.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Berberine Alkaloids , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927850

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects on cell proliferation and invasion of the circular RNA hsa_circ_0067582 in gastric cancer(GC). Methods After hsa_circ_0067582 overexpression (Oe-circ_0067582) plasmid was transfected into AGS and SGC-7901 cells,the cell viability,proliferation,invasion ability,and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8,colony formation and EdU assays,Transwell assay,and flow cytometry,respectively.Western blotting was employed to detect the expression levels of proteins related to the cell apoptosis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT).The effect of Oe-circ_0067582 on the growth of SGC-7901 cells in nude mice was observed.Bioinformatics tools were used to predict the binding target miRNA of hsa_circ_0067582,and the competing endogenous RNA(ceRNA)regulatory network was established.Finally,functional enrichment was performed to analyze the biological functions of the target genes of the predicted miRNA. Results Compared with the pLO-ciR(empty plasmid)group,the Oe-circ_0067582 group in AGS and SGC-7901 cells attenuated the cell viability(t=7.883,P=0.001;t=5.679,P=0.005),proliferation(t=6.709,P=0.003;t=5.857,P=0.003),and invasion ability(t=7.782,P=0.002;t=6.342,P=0.003)and induced cell apoptosis(t=7.225,P=0.002;t=11.509,P=0.001).Western blotting showed that the Oe-circ_0067582 group in AGS and SGC-7901 cells up-regulated the protein levels of cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (Caspase) 3(t=6.863,P=0.002;t=7.024,P=0.001),Caspase 7(t=3.295,P=0.04;t=6.008,P=0.004),Caspase 9(t=4.408,P=0.012;t=6.278,P=0.004),and E-cadherin(t=12.453,P=0.002;t=10.867,P=0.001),while down-regulated those of Vimentin(t=7.242,P=0.002;t=5.694,P=0.004)and N-cadherin(t=6.480,P=0.003;t=7.446,P=0.001).Furthermore,Oe-circ_0067582 significantly inhibited the growth of tumor in the SGC-7901 tumor-bearing nude mice(t=3.526,P=0.017).The prediction based on TargetScan and miRnada suggested that hsa_circ_0067582 can competitively bind to hsa-miR-181b-3p,hsa-miR-337-3p,hsa-miR-421,and hsa-miR-548d-3p.The functional enrichment indicated that the target genes of miRNA were involved in multiple cancer-related biological processes including negative regulation of apoptotic process,gene expression,transcriptional misregulation in cancer,transforming growth factor-β,and p53 signaling pathways. Conclusion Oe-circ_0067582 can inhibit the proliferation and attenuate EMT process to reduce the invasion ability of AGS and SGC-7901 cells,which provides a new target for the treatment of GC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Mice , Mice, Nude , RNA, Circular , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
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