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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758250


This patient is a 72-year-old-man who had undergone aortic valve replacement using a Starr-Edwards Ball Valve to treat aortic valve stenosis when he was 28 years old. In April 2015, he was admitted with cardiac failure of NYHA III. Echocardiography showed a remarkable increase of aortic valve pressure gradient and progressive change in mitral valve stenosis and tricuspid valve regurgitation. The Starr-Edwards Ball Valve was replaced using a CEP MAGNA EASE prosthesis, the mitral valve was replaced using a CEP MAGNA MITRAL EASE prosthesis with tricuspid annuloplasty using the MC3 ring. Cloth wear of the Starr-Edwards Ball Valve cage and all-round pannus formation under the valve seat was found at the operation, and the cause of the higher pressure gradient may have been the pannus. The postoperative period of this case following the initial aortic valve implantation of the Starr-Edwards Ball Valve is the longest known in Japan as far as we could discover.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688745


A 69-year-old woman with a medical history of mitral valve replacement for infective endocarditis 14 years previously was recently admitted after being given a diagnosis with multiple cerebral infarction along with headache and speech disturbance. After emergency admission, both transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiographies revealed multiple, extensive vegetation on the mitral prosthetic valve. Based on these findings, we diagnosed prosthetic valve endocarditis with cerebral septic embolization ; and immediate mitral valve re-replacement surgery was performed. During the operation, a complication occurred when the left ventricular posterior wall ruptured during withdrawal from the cardiopulmonary bypass after mitral valve re-replacement. After a second cross-clamp and resection of the mitral prosthetic valve, we repaired the myocardial laceration and repeated the mitral valve re-replacement. We selected the following two methods from different approaches to repair the left ventricular rupture : (a) exclusion of the myocardial laceration using a bovine pericardial patch (intracardiac approach) ; and (b) direct suturing of the bleeding epicardium (extracardiac approach).Seven days after the surgery, computed tomography (CT) revealed a pseudoaneurysm in the left ventricular posterior wall. Several follow-up examinations using CT and echocardiography revealed gradual enlargement of the pseudoaneurysm. At 112 days after previous surgery, we successfully repaired the pseudoaneurysm through left lateral thoracotomy using the femorofemoral bypass with hypothermia. In the final surgery, we closed the orifice of the pseudoaneurysm using bovine pericardium. This case highlighted that left thoracotomy using a femorofemoral bypass with hypothermia could be a useful approach to address a left ventricular posterior wall pseudoaneurysm.