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1.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369163

ABSTRACT

Introduction: One of the challenges of maxillofacial surgery is the rehabilitation of patients with severe bone loss, using implant-supported prostheses. This challenge is based on the small remaining bone structure, and on the need to reconstruct the structure for the rehabilitation with autogenous or exogenous grafts. Case report: We report the case of a patient with severe maxillary atrophy, where a skullcap graft was performed associated with implant placement and prosthetic completion 14 months after the start of treatment. Final considerations: We demonstrate clinical safety for the use of extraoral grafts without complications, representing a good alternative treatment for this group of patients.


Introdução: um dos desafios da cirurgia bucomaxilofacial é a reabilitação de pacientes com perda óssea severa, utilizando próteses implantossuportadas. Este desafio baseia-se na pequena estrutura óssea remanescente e na necessidade de reconstrução da estrutura para a reabilitação com enxertos autógenos ou exógenos. Relato de caso: Relatamos o caso de um paciente com atrofia maxilar grave, onde foi realizado enxerto de calota craniana associado à instalação de implante, com finalização protética 14 meses após o início do tratamento. Consideracoes finais: Demonstramos segurança clínica para o uso de enxertos extrabucais sem complicações, representando uma boa alternativa de tratamento para este grupo de pacientes.


Subject(s)
Mandible , Patients , Prostheses and Implants , Atrophy , Skull , Surgery, Oral , Jaw, Edentulous
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 682-688, Jul.-Aug. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394881

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To describe all ligamentous, capsular, tendinous and bone landmarks structures of the medial region of the knee, as well as a new ligamentous structure identified in a series of anatomical dissections of cadaveric specimens. Methods Twenty cadaver knees were dissected to study the medial compartment. The main structures of this region were identified during dissection. The morphology of the structures and their relationship with known anatomical parameters were determined both qualitatively and quantitatively. The collected data were analyzed and interpreted using descriptive statistics. Results In the dissection of all specimens, all ligamentous structures previously described in the anatomical study of the medial part of the knee were identified, and objective measures that can help as parameters for surgical ligament reconstruction were identified. When dissecting the medial collateral ligament, a bony prominence immediately distal to its proximal tibial insertion was observed and described, as well as a bursa below the ligament, in which it was not inserted. We also described a ligamentous structure with extracapsular location, originated anteriorly to the medial epicondyle and following obliquely towards the tibia. These structures were named, respectively, interinsertional tubercle, interinsertional bursa and anterior oblique ligament. Conclusion In addition to the description and measurement of the structures and parameters already existing in the anatomical study of the medial part of the knee, it was possible to describe three new structures not yet described in the literature: the interinsertional tubercle, the interinsertional bursa, and the anterior oblique ligament. These structures were found in all dissections performed.


Resumo Objetivo Descrever todas as estruturas ligamentares, capsulares, tendinosas e marcos ósseos da região medial do joelho, assim como uma nova estrutura ligamentar identificada em uma série de dissecções anatômicas de espécimes cadavéricos. Métodos Vinte joelhos de cadáveres foram dissecados para estudar o compartimento medial. As principais estruturas dessa região foram identificadas durante a dissecção. A morfologia das estruturas e sua relação com parâmetros anatômicos conhecidos foram determinados tanto de forma qualitativa quanto de forma quantitativa. Os dados coletados foram analisados e interpretados por meio de estatística descritiva. Resultados Na dissecção de todos os espécimes, foram identificadas todas as estruturas ligamentares já descritas anteriormente no estudo anatômico da porção medial do joelho, e foram realizadas medidas objetivas que podem auxiliar como parâmetros para a reconstrução ligamentar cirúrgica. Foram observados e descritos, ainda, ao se desprender o ligamento colateral medial superficial, uma proeminência óssea imediatamente distal à sua inserção tibial proximal, uma bursa abaixo do ligamento, na qual o mesmo não se mostrava inserido, assim como uma estrutura ligamentar localizada extracapsularmente e com origem na face anterior do epicôndilo medial, seguindo obliquamente em direção à tíbia, aos quais foram dados os nomes, respectivamente, de tubérculo interinsercional, bursa interinsercional e ligamento oblíquo anterior. Conclusão Além da descrição e medida das estruturas e parâmetros já existentes no estudo anatômico da porção medial do joelho, foi possível a descrição de três novas estruturas: o tubérculo interinsercional a bursa interinsercional e o ligamento oblíquo anterior, ainda não descritos na literatura. Essas estruturas foram encontradas em todas as dissecções realizadas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Medial Collateral Ligament, Knee , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Joint Instability , Knee/anatomy & histology
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(3): 406-420, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384187

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Augmentation rhinoplasty depends mainly on intact stable bony and cartilaginous parts. Many trials have used different materials as a graft to perform the operation and support the nose. Debate exists whether alloplastic or autogenic grafts are more appropriate. Common available alloplastic grafts include silicone, medpor, and gore-tex. Autogenic grafts are usually derived from costal cartilages. Warping, infection, and hypertrophic scars are the main complications of the procedure. Yet no subgroup analysis has been performed to investigate the effect of different risk factors. Objective To investigate the effect of different types of grafts and the association of the income level of the country on surgery complications. Methods A comprehensive literature search of articles was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and SCOPUS databases through October 2019. We included articles that used autologous or alloplastic grafts in nasal dorsum reconstruction surgery. We performed subgroup analysis according to the type of graft used, region, and income level of the country. A meta-regression analysis model was carried out from the period of 1999-2018, to study the incidence of these complications over time. Results The overall complication rate was 7.1%, which was higher in the alloplastic group (7.8%) than the autogenic group (6.9%). The most common complications were secondary surgery for re-correction (4.1%), infection (2.1%), warping (1.6%), and hypertrophic scars (1.6%). All outcomes were homogeneous (I2 < 50%). Conclusion Patients with autogenic grafts are less liable to develop complications than their peers reconstructed with alloplastic grafts. Moreover, Asian patients are less susceptible to overall rhinoplasty complications. Attention should be noted for low-income countries in which surgical complications are more prone to occur.


Resumo Introdução A feitura de uma rinoplastia de aumento depende principalmente das partes ósseas e cartilaginosas intactas. Muitos estudos usaram enxertos de diferentes materiais para a feitura da cirurgia e como apoio da estrutura nasal. Ainda existem controvérsias em estudos prévios sobre quais tipos de enxertos, se materiais aloplásticos ou autogênicos, seriam os mais adequados. Os enxertos aloplásticos comuns incluem silicone, medpor e gore-tex. Os enxertos autogênicos são geralmente derivados de cartilagens costais. Deformações, infecção e cicatrizes hipertróficas são as principais complicações do procedimento. No entanto, nenhuma análise de subgrupo foi feita para investigar o efeito de diferentes fatores de risco. Objetivo Investigar o efeito de diferentes tipos de enxertos e o nível de renda do país nas complicações cirúrgicas Método Uma pesquisa abrangente de artigos na literatura foi feita nas bases de dados PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science e SCOPUS até outubro de 2019. Foram incluídos artigos que usaram enxertos autólogos ou aloplásticos em cirurgias de reconstrução do dorso nasal. Foi feita uma análise de subgrupos de acordo com o tipo de enxerto usado, região e nível de renda do país. Um modelo de análise de metarregressão foi feito de 1999 a 2018, para estudar a incidência dessas complicações ao longo do tempo. Resultados A taxa global de complicações foi de 7,1%, a qual foi maior no grupo aloplástico (7,8%) do que no grupo autogênico (6,9%). As complicações mais comuns foram cirurgia secundária para recorreção (4,1%), infecção (2,1%), deformidade (1,6%) e cicatrizes hipertróficas (1,6%). Todos os resultados foram homogêneos (I2 < 50%). Conclusão Os pacientes com enxertos autogênicos são menos propensos a desenvolver complicações, em comparação com seus pares com enxertos aloplásticos. Além disso, pacientes asiáticos são menos suscetíveis a complicações gerais da rinoplastia. Merece atenção o fato de que em países de baixa renda as complicações cirúrgicas são mais propensas a ocorrer.

4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389843

ABSTRACT

Resumen La reconstrucción posterior a una cirugía oncológica resectiva maxilar es todo un desafío. Debido a esto, existen diversas técnicas quirúrgicas cuyo objetivo apunta a mantener no solo la funcionalidad, sino también la estética facial, especialmente en el área del reborde infraorbitario. El injerto de hueso calvarial es una opción segura y versátil para realizar una reconstrucción primaria en el reborde infraorbitario. Esta técnica está indicada en aquellos pacientes en los cuales la resección cutánea y exenteración orbitaria no son necesarias. Por este motivo, a continuación, analizaremos este tipo de injerto a propósito de un caso clínico en el que se usó asociado a un colgajo pediculado de fascia temporoparietal.


Abstract Reconstruction after maxillary resective oncological surgery is a challenge. Because of this, there are many surgical techniques whose objective is to maintain not only function but also facial aesthetics, especially in the infraorbital rim area. The calvarial bone graft is a safe and versatile option to perform a primary infraorbital rim reconstruction. This technique is indicated in those patients in whom skin resection and orbital exenteration are not necessary. For this reason, we will now analyze this type of graft in relation to a case in which it was used associated with a temporo-parietal fascia flap.

5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 429-436, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388014

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the effectiveness of the early accelerated rehabilitation and delayed conservative rehabilitation protocols after arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, in terms of the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, pain (according to the Visual Analog Scale), laxity, and stiffness one year postoperatively to determine the best outcome. Materials and Methods A total of 80 subjects were divided into 2e groups (early accelerated group and delayed conservative group), which were analyzed by the Pearson Chi-squared and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. Results One year postoperatively, knee laxity was significantly higher (p = 0.039) in the early accelerated group compared with the delayed conservative group. Regarding postoperative pain (according to the Visual Analogue Scale) and IKDC scores, both groups presented similar results. The postoperative range of motion was better in the early accelerated group, but this was not statistically significant (p = 0.36). Conclusion One year postoperatively, the early accelerated rehabilitation protocol was associated with significant knee laxity compared to the delayed conservative rehabilitation protocol.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a eficácia dos protocolos de reabilitação acelerada precoce e de reabilitação conservadora retardada após reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento cruzado anterior, em termos da escala do International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), da dor (segundo a Escala Visual Analógica), da frouxidão e da rigidez no pós-operatório de um ano para determinar o melhor desfecho. Materiais e Métodos Um total de 80 participantes foram divididos em dois grupos (grupo da acelerada precoce e grupo da conservadora retardada), que foram analisados pelos testes do Qui-quadrado de Pearson e da soma dos postos de Wilcoxon. Resultados A frouxidão do joelho no pós-operatório de 1 ano foi significativamente mais alta (p = 0,039) no grupo da acelerada precoce do que no grupo da conservadora retardada. Em termos de dor pós-operatória (pela Escala Visual Analógica) e pontuações no IKDC, ambos os grupos apresentaram resultados similares. A amplitude de movimento pós-operatória foi melhor no grupo da acelerada precoce, mas isso não foi estatisticamente significativo (p = 0,36). Conclusão O protocolo de reabilitação acelerada precoce foi associado com uma frouxidão significativa do joelho em um ano de pós-operatório em comparação com o protocolo de reabilitação conservadora retardada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/rehabilitation , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/rehabilitation
6.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 174-180, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374720

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Posterior pharyngeal wall is the most rare subsite for hypopharyngeal carcinomas. Because of its rarity, there are few studies published in the literature specifically concerning posterior pharyngeal wall carcinoma. Objectives: To report our functional results in patients with the carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx after surgical treatment by resection via a lateral or infrahyoid pharyngotomy approach, with the preservation of the larynx and reconstruction with a radial forearm free flap. Methods: The study included 10 patients who underwent surgery for a carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx over a 6 year period. The associated postoperative morbidity was investigated and functional results were analyzed. Results: Nine patients had T3 lesions and one patient had a T2 lesion. The preferred approach to access the hypopharynx was a lateral pharyngotomy in 5 patients and lateral pharyngotomy combined with infrahyoid pharyngotomy in 5 patients with superior extension to oropharynx. The pharyngeal defects were reconstructed successfully with radial forearm free flaps. Four patients received adjuvant radiotherapy only, and 4 patients with N2b and N2c neck diseases received adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. The mean duration of hospitalization was 15.6 days (range, 10-21 days). All patients achieved oral intake in a median time of 74 days (range, 15-180). Decannulation was achieved in all patients and the median time fordecannulation was 90 (range, 21-300 days). The mean followup duration was 38.3 months (range, 10-71 months) and 8 patients survived. One patient died due to regional recurrence in the retropharyngeal lymph nodes and 1 patient died due to systemic metastasis. Conclusion: Primary surgery is still a very effective treatment modality for the carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx and does not permanently compromise the swallowing and laryngeal functions if pharyngeal reconstruction is performed with a free flap.


Resumo Introdução: A parede posterior da faringe é o subsítio mais raro para carcinomas hipofaríngeos. Devido à sua raridade, há poucos estudos publicados na literatura especificamente sobre o carcinoma da parede posterior da faringe. Objetivo: Relatar nossos resultados funcionais em pacientes com carcinoma da parede posterior da hipofaringe após tratamento cirúrgico por ressecção via faringotomia lateral ou infra-hióidea, com preservação da laringe e reconstrução com retalho livre radial do antebraço. Método: O estudo incluiu 10 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia para carcinoma da parede posterior da hipofaringe por 6 anos. A morbidade pós-operatória associada foi investigada e os resultados funcionais foram analisados. Resultados: Nove pacientes apresentaram lesões T3 e um paciente apresentou lesão T2. Avia preferida para acessar a hipofaringe foi a faringotomia lateral em 5 pacientes e a faringotomia lateral combinada com a faringotomia infra-hióidea em 5 pacientes com extensão superior até a orofaringe. Os defeitos faríngeos foram reconstruídos com sucesso com retalhos livres radiais do antebraço. Quatro pacientes receberam apenas radioterapia adjuvante e 4 pacientes com doença cervical N2b e N2c receberam quimiorradioterapia adjuvante. A duração média da hospitalização foi de 15,6 dias (variação de 10 a 21 dias). Todos os pacientes retornaram à ingestão oral em um tempo médio de 74 dias (variação de 15 a 180). A decanulação foi possível para todos os pacientes e o tempo médio foi de 90 dias (variação de 21 a 300 dias). A duração média do seguimento foi de 38,3 meses (10 a 71 meses) e 8 pacientes sobreviveram. Um paciente foi a óbito devido a recorrência regional nos linfonodos retrofaríngeos e outro devido a metástase sistêmica. Conclusão: A cirurgia primária ainda é uma modalidade de tratamento muito eficaz para o carcinoma da parede posterior da hipofaringe e não compromete de forma permanente as funções de deglutição e da laringe se a reconstrução faríngea for feita com retalho livre.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Larynx/pathology , Surgical Flaps , Hypopharynx/surgery , Hypopharynx/pathology
7.
Ars méd ; 47(1): 5-8, mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380712

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las fracturas de pared de órbita pueden producir secuelas funcionales y estéticas. La indicación de reconstrucción qui-rúrgica, es indispensable para la recuperación de la motilidad y estética ocular. Los materiales reconstructivos más utilizados son los aloplásticos, como el titanio y el polietileno poroso de alta densidad (PPAD), el cual ha resultado exitoso en reconstrucción maxilofacial. El propósito de este estudio retrospectivo, es exponer los resultados tras el uso del PPAD en reconstrucciones orbitarias y sus posibles complicaciones. Materiales y métodos: se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de 22 pacientes donde se utilizó PPAD como material de reconstrucción en fracturas orbitarias. Se consideró para la indicación quirúrgica que el paciente presentara alguno de los siguientes signos: diplopía o síntomas vasovagales por atrapamiento muscular, restricciones en la motilidad ocular, enoftalmo mayor a 4mm. El material utilizado fue PPAD (Medpor Stryker®) puro en 17 casos y PPAD reforzado con una malla de titanio en el interior de su estructura (Medpor Titan Stryker®), en los 5 restantes. Resultados: se registraron 3 casos con complicaciones; ectropión, diplopía y ectropión con diplopía, los cuales todos fueron reversibles. No se registraron casos de infección ni complicaciones oftalmológicas postoperatoria. Discusión: los injertos autólogos fueron los primeros utilizados con resultados de compatibilidad y resistencia óptimos. El uso de PPAD como material de reconstrucción ha sido bien documentado con buenos resultados en términos de una baja incidencia de infección y óptima motilidad ocular a largo plazo.


Introduction: Orbital wall fractures can cause functional and aesthetic sequelae. When there is an indication for surgical reconstruction, this is essential for the recovery of ocular motility and aesthetics. The most commonly used reconstructive materials are alloplastics, such as titanium and porous high-density polyethylene (PPAD), which have been successful in maxillofacial reconstruction. The purpose of this retrospective study is to present the results and their possible complications in orbital reconstruction with PPAD. Materials and methods: a retrospective review of 22 patients in whom PPAD was used as reconstruction material for orbital fractures was performed. It was considered for the surgical indication that the patient presented any of the following signs: diplopia or vasovagal symptoms due to muscle entrapment, ocular motility restrictions, enophthalmos greater than 4mm. The material used was pure PPAD (Medpor Stryker®) in 17 cases, and PPAD reinforced with a titanium mesh inside its structure (Medpor Titan Stryker®), in the remaining 5. Results: 3 patients with complications were registered; ectropion, diplopia, and ectropion with diplopia, all of which were reversible. There were no cases of postoperative infection or ophthalmological complications. Discussion: Autologous grafts were the first used with optimal compatibility and resistance results. The use of PPAD as a reconstruction material has been well documented with good results in terms of a low incidence of infection and optimal long-term ocular motility

8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(1): 53-62, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364583

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction A refractory cervical anastomotic fistula which postoperatively remains unhealed for more than 2 months under conservative care severely impacts the quality of life of the patient and potentially leads to anastomotic stricture after the fistula heals. It is widely accepted that, to avoid this complication, refractory cervical anastomotic fistulas should undergo more aggressive treatments. However, when and which surgical intervention should be considered is unclear. Objective This study was designed to evaluate the role of the pectoralis major myocutaneous flap in the management of refractory cervical anastomotic fistulas based on our experience of 6 cases and a literature review. Methods Six patients diagnosed with refractory cervical anastomotic fistula after esophagectomy treated using pectoralis major myocutaneous flap transfer were included in the study. The clinical data, surgical details, and treatment outcome were retrospectively analyzed. Results All patients survived the operations. One patient who had a circumferential anastomotic defect resulting from surgical exploration developed a mild fistula in the neo-anastomotic site in the 5th postoperative day, which healed after 7 days of conservative care. This patient developed an anastomotic stricture which was partially alleviated by an endoscopic anastomotic dilatation. All the other 5 patients had uneventful recoveries after operations and restored oral intake on the 10th-15th days after operation, and they tolerated normal diets without subsequent sequelae on follow-up. One patient developed both local and lung recurrence and died in 15 months after operation, while the other 5 patients survived with good tumor control during the follow-up of 25-53 months. Conclusion The satisfactory treatment outcome in our study demonstrates that pectoralis major myocutaneous flap reconstruction is a reliable management modality for refractory cervical anastomotic fistulas after esophagectomy, particularly for those patients who experienced persistent fistulas after conservative wound care and repeated wound closures.


Resumo Introdução Uma fístula anastomótica cervical refratária, que permanece sem cicatrização por mais de 2 meses sob cuidados conservadores, afeta gravemente a qualidade de vida do paciente e potencialmente causa estenose anastomótica após a cicatrização da fístula. É amplamente aceito que as fístulas anastomóticas cervicais refratárias devem ser submetidas a tratamentos mais agressivos. No entanto, quando e qual intervenção cirúrgica deve ser considerada ainda é incerto. Objetivo Avaliar o papel do retalho miocutâneo do peitoral maior no manejo de fístula anastomótica cervical refratárias com base em nossa experiência de 6 casos e uma revisão da literatura. Métodos Foram incluídos no estudo seis pacientes diagnosticados com fístula anastomótica cervical refratária após esofagectomia tratados com transferência de retalho miocutâneo do peitoral maior. Os dados clínicos, detalhes cirúrgicos e resultado do tratamento foram analisados retrospectivamente. Resultados Todos os pacientes sobreviveram às cirurgias. Um paciente com defeito anastomótico circunferencial, resultante da exploração cirúrgica, desenvolveu uma fístula leve no sítio neoanastomótico no 5° dia de pós-operatório, que foi resolvida após 7 dias de tratamento conservador. Esse paciente desenvolveu uma estenose anastomótica parcialmente aliviada por uma dilatação endoscópica anastomótica. Todos os outros 5 pacientes tiveram recuperações sem intercorrências após as cirurgias, restabeleceram a ingestão oral 10 ou 15 dias após a operação e toleraram dietas normais sem sequelas subsequentes no seguimento. Um paciente desenvolveu recorrência local e pulmonar e morreu 15 meses após a cirurgia, enquanto os outros 5 pacientes sobreviveram com bom controle tumoral durante o seguimento de 25 a 53 meses. Conclusão O resultado satisfatório do tratamento em nosso estudo demonstra que a reconstrução com o retalho miocutâneo do peitoral maior é uma modalidade de manejo confiável para as fístula anastomótica cervical refratárias após a esofagectomia, particularmente nos pacientes que apresentaram falha após o tratamento conservador das feridas cirúrgicas e com fechamento repetido delas.

9.
Rev. estomatol. Hered ; 32(1): 79-86, ene.-mar 2022. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389066

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El carcinoma epidermoide surge del epitelio de la mucosa oral, es frecuente en la quinta y sexta décadas de la vida y está típicamente asociado con factores de riesgo como tabaquismo y el consumo de alcohol. En todo el mundo, la incidencia de cáncer oral es más alta en hombres que en mujeres. El incremento en la incidencia del cáncer en México requiere de un manejo adecuado, como colgajos vascularizados para reparar defectos generados por una hemimandibulectomía con márgenes de seguridad. A pesar de la llegada de injertos de tejido libres vascularizados, el colgajo pectoral mayor miocutáneo sigue siendo un colgajo pediculado ampliamente utilizado para la reconstrucción de defectos de tejidos blandos en la región oral y maxilofacial. Se muestra el protocolo quirúrgico realizado en el Hospital Regional "General Ignacio Zaragoza" ISSSTE para el tratamiento de un carcinoma epidermoide mandibular.


ABSTRACT Squamous cell carcinoma arises from the epithelium of the oral mucosa, common in the fifth and sixth decades of life and is typically associated with risk factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption. Worldwide, the incidence of oral cancer is higher among men than women. The increase in the incidence of cancer in Mexico requires proper management and the use of vascularized flaps to repair defects generated by a hemimandibulectomy with safety margins. Despite the advent of vascularized free tissue grafts, the myocutaneous pectoralis major flap remains a pedunculated flap widely used for the reconstruction of soft tissue defects in the oral and maxillofacial region. The surgical protocol carried out at the ISSSTE "General Ignacio Zaragoza" Regional Hospital for the treatment of mandibular squamous cell carcinoma is shown.

10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 33-40, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365743

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The aim of the present study is to systematically review and analyze the functional outcome of lateral extraarticular tenodesis (LET) procedure in addition to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) in studies with a high level of evidence. Methods We performed a literature search for clinical studies comparing the LET method as an augmentation to ACL reconstruction with ACL reconstruction alone. The primary outcomes were the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, the Lysholm score, and graft failures. Continuous variables were reported as means and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results Six clinical studies with 1,049 patients were included in the metaanalysis. The follow-up period was, in average, 24 months (range, 6-63 months). The addition of the LET procedure to ACLR results in better functional outcome based on the IKDC score (p< 0.05). Graft failure was found to be lower in the ACLR plus LET group (16 of 342 patients) compared with the ACLR-only group (46 of 341 patients) (p< 0.05). Conclusion There is high-level evidence that LET procedure in addition to ACLR is preferable in terms of functional outcome and graft failure.


Resumo Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo é revisar e analisar sistematicamente o desfecho funcional do procedimento de tenodese extra-articular lateral (TEL) em complemento à reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (RLCA) em de estudos com alto nível de evidências. Métodos Realizamos a pesquisa bibliográfica para estudos clínicos comparando o método TEL como complemento à RCLA com a RLCA isolada. Os resultados principais foram a pontuação no Comitê Internacional de Documentação de Joelho (IKDC, na sigla em inglês), pontuação de Lysholm, e falhas no enxerto. Variáveis contínuas foram relatadas, como médias e intervalos de confiança (ICs) de 95%. Resultados Seis estudos clínicos com 1,049 pacientes foram incluídos na metanálise. O período de seguimento foi de, em média, 24 meses (intervalo de 6-63 meses). A adição do procedimento TEL à reconstrução do LCA resultou em melhor resultado funcional com base no escore IKDC (p< 0,05). A falha do enxerto foi menor no grupo RLCA mais TEL (16 dos 342 pacientes) em comparação com o grupo apenas RLCA (46 dos 341 pacientes) (p< 0,05). Conclusão Há evidências de alto nível de que o procedimento TEL como complemento à RLCA é preferível em termos de resultado funcional e falha do enxerto.


Subject(s)
Tenodesis , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Joint Instability
11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 124-129, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928789

ABSTRACT

The incidence and mortality of lung cancer rank first among all malignant tumors in China. With the popularization of high resolution computed tomography (CT) in clinic, chest CT has become an important means of clinical screening for early lung cancer and reducing the mortality of lung cancer. Imaging findings of early lung adenocarcinoma often show partial solid nodules with ground glass components. With the development of imaging, the relationship between the imaging features of some solid nodules and their prognosis has attracted more and more attention. At the same time, with the development of 3D-reconstruction technology, clinicians can improve the accuracy of diagnosis and treatment of such nodules.This article focuses on the traditional imaging analysis of partial solid nodules and the imaging analysis based on 3D reconstruction, and systematically expounds the advantages and disadvantages of both.
.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 181-183, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928497

ABSTRACT

Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction is an innovative technique for the irreparable rotator cuff tears, but spontaneous pneumothorax after surgery is very rare. The present case was a 66-year-old female with irreparable rotator cuff tears of the right shoulder, treated with the arthroscopic shoulder superior capsular reconstruction. The general anesthesia and operation went smoothly, but the patient experienced stuffiness in the chest and shortness of breath after recovery from anesthesia. Thoracic CT scans showed spontaneous pneumothorax in the right side, which was successfully treated by the conservative treatments (oxygen therapy) according to multidisciplinary team. Prompt and accurate early-stage diagnosis is necessary in controlling postoperative complications and standardized treatment is the key to relieve the suffering. Spontaneous pneumothorax after arthroscopic shoulder surgery has been rarely reported in previous literatures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Pneumothorax/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 122-124, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928468

ABSTRACT

Surgical stabilization of the flail chest is challenging and has no established guidelines. Chest wall integrity and stability are the main factors that ensure the protection of intrathoracic organs and an adequate respiratory function. Here, we report a novel chest wall reconstruction technique in a 45-year-old man with a traumatic left flail chest and open pneumothorax diagnosed both clinically and radiographically. Rib approximation and chest wall reconstruction was done using intercostal figure-of-eight suture and polypropylene mesh with vascularized musculofascial flap. The patient improved gradually and was discharged after three weeks of total hospital stay. He returned to regular working after a month with no evidence of respiratory distress or paradoxical chest movement. Follow-up visit at one year revealed no lung hernia or paradoxical chest movement. This is a novel, feasible and cost-effective modification of chest wall reconstruction that can be adopted for thoracic wall repair in case of open flail chest, which needs emergency surgical interventions even in resource constraint settings.


Subject(s)
Flail Chest/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polypropylenes , Surgical Mesh , Sutures , Thoracic Wall/surgery
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy and complications of one-stage tumor resection to treat primary sacral neurogenic tumors and to discuss some details in the clinically relevant anatomy.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 26 patients with neurogenic turors of the sacral spine who were surgically treated from January 2001 to January 2018, including 16 males and 10 females, aged from 21 to 69 years old with an average age of (39.3±10.9) years old. The courses of diseases ranged from 3 to 56 months with an average of (17.9±10.1) months. The diameters of presacral components ranged from 3.3 to 19.6 cm with an average of (8.7±4.1) cm. The proximal margin of presacral lesions was above the L5S1 level in 6 cases, and lower than L5S1 in 20 cases. A posterior incision approach for one-stage complete resection of the tumor was used firstly, and an anterior approach was combined when necessary. Spinal-pelvic reconstruction with the modified Galveston technique was also carried out in relevant cases. Whether to preserve the tumor-involved nerve roots depended on the situation during the operation. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, pain relief, and complications were recorded. The lumbosacral spine stability and sacral plexus neurological function were evaluated during postoperative follow-up, and local recurrence and distant metastasis were examined as well.@*RESULTS@#Total excision was achieved in all 26 patients, with an operation time of (160.4±35.3) mins and an intraoperative blood loss of (1 092.3±568.8) ml. Tumors have been removed via a posterior-only approach in 21 cases and via combined anterior/posterior approaches in 5 cases. The diameter of presacral masses components ranged from 11.3 to 19.6 cm with an average of (15.1±3.2) cm in patients with combined anterior/posterior approaches, and ranged from 3.3 to 10.9 cm with an average of (7.2±2.4) cm in patients with a posterior-only approach. Five of the six patients whose proximal margin of presacral masses was above the L5S1 level adopted combined anterior/posterior approaches, and 20 patients lower than the L5S1 level adopted the posterior-only approach. All the patients were followed up for 6 to 82 months with an average of(45.4±18.2)months. Postoperative lumbosacral pain and lower extremity radicular pain were significantly relieved, and sensation, muscle strength and bowel and bladder function were also improved to varying degrees. The postoperative early complications included superficial wound infection in 1 case and cerebrospinal fluid leakage in 2 cases. Pathology confirmed 17 cases of schwannoma, 7 cases of neurofibroma and 2 cases of malignant schwannoma. Local recurrence was observed in two cases of benign neurogenic tumors. One patient with a malignant nerve sheath tumor had lung metastasis, who died 20 months after the operation. In 17 cases of upper sacral neurogenic tumors, 4 cases did not undergo spinal-pelvic reconstruction with internal fixation, of which 2 cases suffered from postoperative segmental instability. Tumor-involved nerve roots were resected during surgery in 7 cases. One of these patients who had S2 and S3 nerve roots sacrificed simultaneously had an impaired bladder and bowel function postoperatively, and did not recover completely. In the other 6 cases, the neurological function was not damaged obviously or recovered well.@*CONCLUSION@#The posterior approach can directly expose the lesions, and it is also convenient to deal with nerve roots and blood vessels. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, degree of symptom relief, complication rate, and recurrence and metastasis rate can be controlled at an appropriate level. It is a safe and effective surgical approach. When the upper edge of the presacral mass is higher than the L5S1 level or the diameter of the presacral mass exceeds 10 cm, an additional anterior approach should be considered. The stress between the spine and pelvis is high, and internal fixation should be used to restore the mechanical continuity of the spine and pelvis during resection of neurogenic tumors of the high sacral spine. Most of the parent nerve roots have lost their function. Resection of a single parent nerve root is unlikely to cause severe neurological dysfunction, while the adjacent nerve roots have compensatory functions and should be preserved as much as possible during surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain/pathology , Postoperative Complications/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sacrum/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1612-1618, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927805

ABSTRACT

"Bio-separation engineering" is a compulsory course for undergraduate students majored in bioengineering, and an important part of the "emerging engineering education" system for bioengineering. Our teaching team follows the principle of "student development as the center, innovation thinking as the core". Guided by the concept of "learning achievement", we reconstructed the teaching contents of this course, and carried out the teaching reform aiming at solving several long-standing problems. These include, for instance, the theoretical teaching is separated from the experimental practice, and students cannot internalize the theoretical knowledge into practical ability in time. Moreover, the contents of course is out-of-date and out of line with industry demand, the teaching form and assessment methods are relatively single, and the students' professional ability and quality are not effectively cultivated. In the new curriculum system, in which the "online" and "offline" teaching are both applied, we broke the boundary between theoretical and experimental courses, and made the contents keep up with the forefront of industry development through research-based teaching. In terms of teaching methods and teaching evaluation, we made full use of modern information technology to enrich classroom teaching activities, and carried out complete, dynamic and diversified assessment for students. These teaching reform measures greatly improved the students' interest in learning this course, as well as their professionalism and research ability.


Subject(s)
Bioengineering , Biomedical Engineering , Curriculum , Humans , Learning , Students
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923505

ABSTRACT

@#With the growing maturity of implant technology, implant overdenture has gradually become a conventional repair method for edentulous patients to restore beauty and function, which improves the quality of life of edentulous patients. This paper reviews the effects of implant factors, attachment factors, occlusal factors and patients' own factors on residual alveolar ridge. Existing studies suggest that when designing denture, doctors first need to consider the oral mucosa and jaw conditions of patients before operation, and select the appropriate size of implant to ensure that sufficient bone remains around the implant; Secondly, when choosing the type of attachment, the number, location and A-P distance of implants should be fully considered, and the inclination of cusp should be properly reduced to avoid the harm of excessive lateral force to alveolar ridge; Finally, regular reexamination should be carried out after operation to maintain longer service time of denture and more sufficient bone mass of edentulous patients. However, there are many factors affecting jaw absorption. In the future, we should further explore many factors, such as patients' habit and frequency of wearing dentures, oral health and nutritional status, systemic diseases and medication.

17.
Mastology (Online) ; 32: 1-6, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391031

ABSTRACT

Objective: Breast reconstruction after mastectomy has increased the expectations regarding aesthetic outcomes and increased quality of life for the patient. The survey is an important study tool to assess patient satisfaction among those undergoing cancer treatment. The study aims at identifying the level of satisfaction of patients who underwent mastectomy because of breast cancer, followed by immediate reconstruction with silicone implants. Methods: Retrospective cohort study with 42 patients who underwent mastectomy and immediate reconstruction with silicone prosthesis, who answered the BREAST-Q patient reported outcome questionnaire. Results: In general, 78.1% of the patients were satisfied or very satisfied with the reconstruction, and 64.3% were satisfied or very satisfied about their self-esteem. Conclusion: Reconstructive surgery after mastectomy should be provided for patients whenever possible since it leads to higher self-esteem and personal satisfaction.

18.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 36(1): 27-31, 2022. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378770

ABSTRACT

Introducción La reconstrucción del ligamento cruzado anterior (RLCA) permitir que el deportista vuelva al nivel previo de la lesión; un porcentaje alto no lo logra por factores físicos y psicológicos. Uno de los métodos más usados para la evaluar subjetiva la funcionalidad de la rodilla al reinicio de la actividad física es la escala ACL-RSI (Anterior Cruciate Ligament ­ Return to Sport injury). Objetivo Evaluar la funcionalidad de la rodilla en el retorno al deporte en pacientes con RLCA y validar la escala ACL-RSI modificada en deportistas con actividad recreativa. Materiales y métodos Se realizó traducción y re-traducción de la escala ACL-RSI modificada, se adaptaron culturalmente palabras seleccionadas en la escala, y se aplicó a 44 deportistas recreativos en posoperatorio de RLCA de 9 meses con retorno a la actividad física. Se realizó análisis descriptivo de resultados, análisis factorial exploratorio de la escala y aplicación de alfa de Cronbach para evaluar fiabilidad de la escala. Resultados La edad media fue de 33,7 años. El alfa de Cronbach obtenido para la escala ACL-RSI modificada fue de 0,928. Las medias de las respuestas muestran resultados funcionales de entre 4-6 en escala de 10 en cuanto a factores físicos y psicológicos relacionados con la RLCA, el peor resultado fue relacionado con salto durante la actividad deportiva (media 4,1). Conclusiones La escala ACL-RSI modificada, adaptada culturalmente es válida y aplicable para evaluar funcionalidad de rodilla en RLCA en retorno al deporte. Los resultados funcionales presentan medias inferiores a 6 para todos los ítems tanto físicos como psicológicos.


Introduction Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) can allow the athlete to return to the level prior to the injury, despite the success of the procedure, a high percentage does not achieve it due to physical and psychological factors. One of the most used methods for the subjective evaluation of knee functionality after resumption of physical activity is the ACL-RSI scale (Anterior Cruciate Ligament ­ Return to Sport injury). Objective To evaluate the functionality of the knee in the return to sport in patients with RLCA and to validate the modified ACL-RSI scale in athletes with recreational activity. Materials and methods Translation and re-translation of the modified ACL-RSI scale was performed, selected words on the scale were culturally adapted, and it was applied to 44 recreational athletes in the 9-month postoperative ACL with return to physical activity. performed descriptive analysis of the results, exploratory factorial analysis of the scale and application of Cronbach's alpha to assess the reliability of the scale. Results The mean age was 33.7 years. Cronbach's alpha obtained for the modified ACL-RSI scale was 0.928. The means of the answers show functional results between 4 and 6 on a scale of 10 in terms of physical and psychological factors related to RLCA, the worst result was related to jumping during sports activity (mean 4.1). Conclusions The modified, culturally adapted ACL-RSI scale is valid and applicable to assess knee function in RLCA on return to sport. The functional results of the RCLA show means less than 6 for all items, both physical and psychological.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Knee
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936160

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discover the factors that may affect the use of selective tracheostomy among patients who have undergone head and neck surgeries with free flap reconstruction, so that the patients will not need tracheostomy nor receive the unnecessary treatment.@*METHODS@#Five hundred and thirty-three patients who had undergone head and neck surgery with free flap reconstruction operated by the same team of surgery at Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Peking University School of Stomatology from 2015 to 2016 were reviewed. Three hundred and twenty-one (60.2%) of these patients underwent selective tracheostomy. All the patients' demographic information, operation-related information, prior treatments, comorbidities and complications were recorded and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patients with defects of the tongue, mouth floor, oropharynx and bilateral mandible, who underwent neck dissection and with previous radiotherapy and smoking habit were more likely to get selective tracheostomy. Usage of bulky soft tissue flap might also add to the risk of airway obstruction and the need of selective tracheostomy, while other factors were not significantly related to the risk of postoperative airway obstruction and the patients could be kept safe without selective tracheostomy. Most cases without tracheostomy were kept safe except one case, while 8.39% of the patients with tracheostomy suffered from tracheostomy related complications, mainly pneumonia and hemorrhage of the tracheostomy wound, yet none led to serious consequences or even death.@*CONCLUSION@#Selective tracheostomy is not necessary for patients who have undergone head and neck surgeries with free flap reconstruction except that there are defects at the tongue, oropharynx and mandible. Neck dissection, bulky soft tissue flap reconstruction, previous radiotherapy and smoking habit may also add to the risk of postoperative airway obstruction, while a favorable decision would involve a combination of all the above factors to assure the safety of the postoperative airway for the patients undergone head and neck surgeries with free flap reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Airway Obstruction/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Humans , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Tracheostomy
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929010

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Due to the lack of large-sized pulmonary valved conduit products in clinical practice, hand-sewn expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) valved conduit has been used for right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction in many heart centers around the world. This study aims to summarize the early results of the ePTFE valved conduit and the sewing technology of the conduit in combination with the latest progress, and to provide a reference for the application of ePTFE valved conduit.@*METHODS@#A total of 21 patients using ePTFE valved conduit for RVOT reconstruction in the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from October 2018 to October 2020 were prospectively enrolled in this study. The age at the implantation of the conduit was 4.3 to 43.8 (median 15.1) years old, with weight of (38.9±4.1) kg. In this cohort, 14 patients underwent re-reconstruction of RVOT, including 12 patients with pulmonary regurgitation at 6.3 to 31.0 (median 13.8) years after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair, and 2 patients with failed bovine jugular vein conduit (BJVC). Seven patients underwent Ross operations. Among them, 3 were for aortic valve stenosis, 2 were for aortic regurgitation, and 2 were for both stenosis and regurgitation. The ePTFE valved conduits were standard hand-sewn during the surgery. The 3 leaflets were equal in size with arc-shaped lower edge of the valve sinus. The free edge of the valve leaflets was straight with the length of about 1 mm longer than the diameter. The height of the valve sinus was 4/5 of the diameter. The junction of the valve leaflet was 3/4 of the height of the sinus. The designed leaflets were then continuous non-penetrating sutured into the inner surface of Gore-Tex vessel to make a valved conduit. Valved conduits with diameter of 18, 20, and 22 mm were used in 2, 9, and 10 cases, respectively. The surgical results, postoperative recovery time, and serious complications were summarized, and the changes of postoperative cardiac function status and hemodynamic status of the conduits were investigated.@*RESULTS@#During the implantation of ePTFE valved conduit for RVOT reconstruction, 2 patients underwent mechanical mitral valve replacement with Ross operation, 2 patients with pulmonary regurgitation with repaired TOF underwent left and right pulmonary artery angioplasty, and 1 patient with failed BJVC underwent tricuspid valvuloplasty. The cardiopulmonary bypassing time for patients underwent re-reconstruction of RVOT was (130.9±16.9) min, with aorta clamping for 1 patient to repair the residual defect of the ventricular septum. The cardiopulmonary bypassing and aorta clamping time for Ross operation were (242.7±20.6) min and (145.6±10.5) min, respectively. The duration of postoperative ventilator assistance, intensive care unit stay, and hospital stay were 3.5 h to 7.7 d (median 17.1 h),11.2 h to 29.5 d (median 1.9 d), and 6.0 to 56.0 (median 13.0) d, respectively. All patients survived after discharge from hospital. The follow-up rate after discharge was 100% with median time at 15.0 (13.0 to 39.0) months. No death happened during the follow-up. One patient underwent stent implantation due to right coronary stenosis 2 months after Ross operation. One patient underwent balloon dilation due to right pulmonary artery ostium stenosis 1 year after re-reconstruction of RVOT. The cardiac function of all patients recovered to NYHA class I 6 months after operation. The peak pressure gradient across the valve measured by transthoracic echocardiography before discharge was (9.4±2.6) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and (18.3±6.1) mmHg at the last follow-up. There was no significant increase in the gradient during the follow-up (P=0.134). No patient suffered from mild or more pulmonary regurgitation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hand-sewn ePTFE valved conduit is feasible for RVOT reconstruction. It is a promising material for RVOT reconstruction which can effectively meet clinical need. In our experience, the ePTFE valved conduit is simple to manufacture with satisfactory early outcomes.In the application of ePTFE valved conduit, attention should be paid to implantation indications and postoperative anticoagulation management, especially to the preparation details of the valved conduit, to obtain better function and durability of the conduit after implantation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Animals , Cattle , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis/adverse effects , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Humans , Infant , Polytetrafluoroethylene , Prosthesis Design , Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Outflow Obstruction/surgery
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