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Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 81(4): 399-412, Apr. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439456


Abstract Background Migraine underdiagnosis and undertreatment are so widespread, that hence is essential to diagnose migraine sufferers in nonclinical settings. A systematic review of validation studies on migraine diagnostic tools applicable to nonclinical settings can help researchers and practitioners in tool selection decisions. Objective To systematically review and critically assess published validation studies on migraine diagnostic tools for use in nonclinical settings, as well as to describe their diagnostic performance. Methods A multidisciplinary workgroup followed transparent and systematic procedures to collaborate on this work. PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science were searched for studies up to January 17, 2022. The QUADAS-2 was employed to assess methodological quality, and the quality thresholds adopted by the Global Burden Disease study were used to tail signaling questions. Results From 7,214 articles identified, a total of 27 studies examining 19 tools were eligible for inclusion. There has been no high-quality evidence to support any tool for use of migraine diagnosis in nonclinical settings. The diagnostic accuracy of the ID-migraine, structured headache and HARDSHIP questionnaires have been supported by moderate-quality evidence, with sensitivity and specificity above 70%. Of them, the HARDSHIP questionnaire has been the most extensively validated. The remaining 16 tools have provided poor-quality evidence for migraine diagnosis in nonclinical populations. Conclusions Up till now, the HARDSHIP questionnaire is the optimal choice for diagnosing migraine in nonclinical settings, with satisfactory diagnostic accuracy supported by moderate methodological quality. This work reveals the crucial next step, which is further high-quality validation studies in diverse nonclinical population groups.

Resumo Antecedentes O sub-diagnóstico e o subtratamento da enxaqueca são tão difundidos que, portanto, é essencial para diagnosticar os portadores de enxaqueca em ambientes não-clínicos. Uma revisão sistemática dos estudos de validação das ferramentas de diagnóstico da enxaqueca aplicáveis a ambientes não-clínicos pode ajudar os pesquisadores e profissionais nas decisões de seleção de ferramentas. Objetivo Revisar sistematicamente e avaliar criticamente estudos de validação publicados sobre ferramentas de diagnóstico da enxaqueca para uso em ambientes não-clínicos, bem como descrever seu desempenho diagnóstico. Métodos Um grupo de trabalho multidisciplinar seguiu procedimentos transparentes e sistemáticos para colaborar neste trabalho. PubMed, Medline e Web of Science foram pesquisados por estudos até 17 de janeiro de 2022. O QUADAS-2 foi empregado para avaliar a qualidade metodológica, e os limites de qualidade adotados pelo estudo da Global Burden Disease foram usados para responder a questões de sinalização. Resultados De 7.214 artigos identificados, um total de 27 estudos examinando 19 ferramentas foram elegíveis para inclusão. Não houve evidência de alta qualidade para apoiar qualquer ferramenta para o uso de diagnóstico de enxaqueca em ambientes não clínicos. A precisão diagnóstica do ID-Migraine, questionário de dor de cabeça estruturada e questionário HARDSHIP foram apoiados por evidências de qualidade moderada, com sensibilidade e especificidade acima de 70%. Deles, o questionário HARDSHIP foi o mais amplamente validado. As 16 ferramentas restantes forneceram provas de má qualidade para o diagnóstico de enxaqueca em populações não-clínicas. Conclusões Até agora, o questionário HARDSHIP é a escolha ideal para o diagnóstico da enxaqueca em ambientes não-clínicos, com precisão diagnóstica satisfatória apoiada por uma qualidade metodológica moderada. Este trabalho revela o próximo passo crucial, que é a realização de mais estudos de validação de alta qualidade em diversos grupos populacionais não-clínicos.

Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 38(1): 96-103, Jan.-Feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423086


ABSTRACT Introduction: We investigated the relationship between the newly-defined systemic immune-inflammation index and the new-onset atrial fibrillation in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Method: This study included 392 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. We divided the participants into two groups as those with and without new-onset atrial fibrillation. Prior to coronary artery bypass grafting, we evaluated blood samples, including systemic immune-inflammation index, and other laboratory parameters of the patients. We formulized the systemic immune-inflammation index score as platelet × neutrophil/lymphocyte counts. Results: The findings revealed that new-onset atrial fibrillation occurred in 80 (20.4%) of 392 patients during follow-ups. Such patients had higher systemic immune-inflammation index, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, and C-reactive protein levels than those who did not develop new-onset atrial fibrillation (P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.010, respectively). In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, systemic immune-inflammation index levels > 712.8 predicted new-onset atrial fibrillation with a sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 61.2% (area under the curve: 0.781, 95% confidence interval: 0.727-0.835; P<0.001). Conclusion: Overall, systemic immune-inflammation index, a novel inflammatory marker, may be used as a decisive marker to predict the development of atrial fibrillation following coronary artery bypass grafting.

DST j. bras. doenças sex. transm ; 35jan. 31, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451620


Introduction: Bacterial vaginosis and vaginal trichomoniasis are frequent causes of health care demand. Objective: To estimate the prevalence, identify associated factors, and investigate the performance of diagnostic tests for bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis. Methods: Cross-sectional study with participants over 18 years old. All of them were submitted to an interview and gynecological examination with evaluation of vaginal secretion, pH verification, collection of material for Pap smear, wet mount test, Whiff test, bacterioscopy, and polymerase chain reaction for trichomoniasis detection. Logistic regression analysis was applied to identify associated factors with bacterial vaginosis. Diagnostic performance for bacterial vaginosis was evaluated following Amsel criteria, the Ison and Hay score, and the Pap smear, considering the Nugent score as the gold standard. As for trichomoniasis, diagnostic performance was evaluated through the Pap smear and the wet mount test, using the polymerase chain reaction as the gold standard. Results: The prevalence of bacterial vaginosis was 33.7%, and for trichomoniasis, 0.5%. The complaint of abnormal vaginal secretion was associated with the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis (odds ratio 2.2). The diagnostic accuracy by Amsel criteria, the Ison and Hay score, and the Pap smear was 35.6, 97.0, and 84.2%, respectively. The sensitivity for trichomoniasis through wet mount test was 0.0%, and through the Pap smear, 100%. Conclusion: The prevalence of bacterial vaginosis was high, and trichomoniasis was low. The only associated factor with bacterial vaginosis was the report of abnormal vaginal secretion. The methods with the most accurate diagnostic performance for bacterial vaginosis were the Ison and Hay score and the Pap smear and, for trichomoniasis, the Pap smear

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Trichomonas Infections/epidemiology , Vaginosis, Bacterial/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Trichomonas Infections/diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Vaginosis, Bacterial/diagnosis
Braz. j. anesth ; 73(4): 491-499, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447625


Abstract Background Thyromental height (TMH) was first reported as a great single test for prediction of difficult laryngoscopies, although further studies have shown variable estimates of its accuracy. We thus performed this meta-analysis to summarize the predictive values of TMH mainly for prediction of difficult laryngoscopies. Methods A search in PubMed, EMBASE, LILACS, and Scielo was conducted in June 2020. We included prospective cohorts fully reported with patients ≥ 16 years old, providing data on predictive values of TMH for prediction of either difficult laryngoscopies or difficult intubations. Diagnostic properties and association between TMH and Cormack and Lehanes's classification by direct laryngoscopy were evaluated. A random-effects meta-analysis using hierarchical models was performed. Results Eight studies evaluating 2844 patients were included. All included studies had high risk of bias and low concern regarding applicability. There was significant heterogeneity among the studies. The pooled diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) and positive (LR+) and negative (LR-) likelihood ratios were as follows: DOR, 57.94 (95% CI: 18.19-184.55); LR+, 11.32 (95% CI: 4.28-29.92); and LR-, 0.23 (95% CI: 0.15-0.35). Summary sensitivity and specificity for studies with common threshold were 82.6 (95% CI: 74-88.8%) and 93.5 (95% CI: 79-98.2%), respectively. The estimated AUC was 81.1%. Conclusion TMH arises as a good predictor of difficult laryngoscopies in adult patients from diverse populations presenting better predictive values than most previously reported bedside tests. However, the high risk of bias throughout the studies may have skewed the results of the individual research as well as the summary points of the present meta-analysis.

Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Laryngoscopy/methods , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
Texto & contexto enferm ; 32: e20220258, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1442222


ABSTRACT Objective: to assess Pap smear performance in bacterial vaginosis diagnosis in women of childbearing age. Method: a cross-sectional, retrospective study carried out in a health unit in a city in the interior of São Paulo. The study included information from 1,173 women who underwent collection of Pap smear and Gram-stained vaginal smears (reference standard test for bacterial vaginosis diagnosis) and analysis based on the Nugent score, from January 2013 to June 2020. Secondary data collected from the information and internal control systems were used. Results: the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in the sample was 31.8%. The degree of agreement between the two diagnostic methods by the Kappa index was 0.54, considered moderate, with a value <0.001. Sensitivity was 55.2% and specificity was 94.1%, with accuracy of 81.7% and positive predictive value of 81.4% and negative of 81.8%. Conclusion: Pap smear showed agreement with the reference standard of 0.77, however, does not replace the Gram-stained vaginal smear, but can be used as an auxiliary method for bacterial vaginosis diagnosis.

RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar el desempeño del examen citopatológico en el diagnóstico de vaginosis bacteriana en mujeres en edad fértil. Método: estudio transversal, retrospectivo, realizado en una unidad de salud de una ciudad del interior de São Paulo. El estudio incluyó información de 1173 mujeres a las que se les realizó recolección de pruebas citopatológicas y frotis vaginales teñidos con la técnica de Gram (prueba estándar de referencia para el diagnóstico de vaginosis bacteriana) y análisis con base en el puntaje de Nugent, desde enero de 2013 hasta junio de 2020. Datos secundarios recolectados de los sistemas de información y control interno. Resultados: la prevalencia de vaginosis bacteriana en la muestra fue de 31,8%. El grado de concordancia entre los dos métodos diagnósticos por el índice Kappa fue de 0,54, considerado moderado, con un valor <0,001. La Sensibilidad fue del 55,2% y la Especificidad del 94,1%, con una Precisión del 81,7% y un Valor Predictivo Positivo del 81,4% y Negativo del 81,8%. Conclusión: el examen citopatológico mostró concordancia con el patrón de referencia de 0,77, sin embargo, no sustituye al frotis vaginal teñido de Gram, pero puede utilizarse como método auxiliar para el diagnóstico de la vaginosis bacteriana.

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o desempenho do exame citopatológico no diagnóstico de vaginose bacteriana de mulheres em idade fértil. Método: estudo transversal, retrospectivo, realizado em uma unidade de saúde de um município do interior paulista. Foram inclusas no estudo as informações de 1173 mulheres submetidas à coleta dos exames citopatológico e esfregaço vaginal corado com técnica de Gram (exame padrão referência para diagnóstico de vaginose bacteriana) e análise a partir do score de Nugent, no período de janeiro de 2013 a junho de 2020. Utilizaram-se dados secundários, coletados a partir dos sistemas de informação e controle interno. Resultados: a prevalência de vaginose bacteriana na amostra foi de 31,8%. O grau de concordância entre os dois métodos diagnósticos pelo índice de Kappa foi de 0,54, considerado moderado, com valor<0,001. A Sensibilidade foi de 55,2% e a Especificidade de 94,1%, com Acurácia de 81,7% e Valor Preditivo Positivo de 81,4% e Negativo de 81,8%. Conclusão: o exame citopatológico apresentou concordância com o padrão referência de 0,77, no entanto, não substitui o esfregaço vaginal corado com técnica de Gram, mas pode ser utilizado como método auxiliar para o diagnóstico de vaginose bacteriana.

Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 36: eAPE008032, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1447022


Resumo Objetivo Identificar, entre os instrumentos de predição de risco para lesão por pressão (LP) Waterlow, Cubbin & Jackson e EVARUCI , o mais específico e sensível para pacientes em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTI). Métodos Estudo observacional, analítico e prospectivo, realizado em duas UTIs de São Paulo, Brasil, de agosto a novembro de 2019. Participaram 91 pacientes adultos que não apresentavam LP no momento da admissão na UTI e internados na UTI por mais de 24 horas. Os dados foram coletados de prontuários e por meio de avaliação clínica. A associação entre as variáveis clínicas, pessoais e a ocorrência de LP foi feita pelo Teste T-Student e Qui-quadrado e a sensibilidade e a especificidade dos instrumentos foram valiadas por meio da curva ROC. Resultados Houve predominância do sexo masculino (54,9%), média de idade de 66,2 ± 20,8 anos e de internação por razões clínicas (64,9%). O uso de drogas vasoativas, ventilação mecânica, contenção mecânica, sedação, dispositivos, a gravidade e procedência foram associados ao desenvolvimento de LP. A área sob a curva da Cubbin & Jackson, EVARUCI e Waterlow foram respectivamente 0,91, 0,96 e 0,76; e a EVARUCI demonstrou a maior acurácia (90,1%). Conclusão Os instrumentos Cubbin & Jackson e EVARUCI apresentaram alta sensibilidade e especificidade para avaliação de risco para LP em pacientes internados em UTIs, sendo que a EVARUCI mostrou melhor acurácia.

Resumen Objetivo Identificar, entre los instrumentos de predicción de riesgo de úlcera por presión (UP) Waterlow, Cubbin & Jackson y EVARUCI , cuál es el más específico y sensible para pacientes en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI). Métodos Estudio observacional, analítico y prospectivo, realizado en dos UCI de São Paulo, Brasil, de agosto a noviembre de 2019. Participaron 91 pacientes adultos que no presentaban UP en el momento de la admisión a la UCI e internados en la UCI por más de 24 horas. Los datos fueron recopilados de las historias clínicas y por medio de evaluación clínica. La asociación entre las variables clínicas, personales y los casos de UP fue realizada por el test-T Student y ji cuadrado, y la sensibilidad y especificidad de los instrumentos fueron validadas mediante la curva ROC. Resultados Hubo predominancia de sexo masculino (54,9 %), promedio de edad de 66,2 ± 20,8 años y de internación por razones clínicas (64,9 %). El uso de drogas vasoactivas, ventilación mecánica, contención mecánica, sedación, dispositivos, la gravedad y procedencia se asociaron a la aparición de UP. El área bajo la curva de Cubbin & Jackson fue 0,91, de EVARUCI fue 0,96 y de Waterlow fue 0,76. El EVARUCI demostró la mayor precisión (90,1 %). Conclusión Los instrumentos Cubbin & Jackson y EVARUCI presentaron alta sensibilidad y especificidad para la evaluación de riesgo de UP en pacientes internados en UCI, de los cuales el EVARUCI demostró una mejor precisión.

Abstract Objective To identify, among the Waterlow, Cubbin & Jackson and EVARUCI risk prediction instruments for pressure injuries (PI), the most specific and sensitive for patients in Intensive Care Units (ICU)). Methods This is an observational, analytical and prospective study, carried out in two ICUs in São Paulo, Brazil, from August to November 2019. Participants were 91 adult patients who did not have PI at the time of admission to the ICU and who had been hospitalized in the ICU for more than 24 hours. Data were collected from medical records and through clinical assessment. The association between clinical and personal variables and PI occurrence was performed using Student's t test and chi-square test, and the instruments' sensitivity and specificity were assessed using the ROC curve. Results There was a predominance of males (54.9%), mean age of 66.2 ± 20.8 years and hospitalization for clinical reasons (64.9%). Vasoactive drug use, mechanical ventilation, mechanical restraint, sedation, devices, severity and origin were associated with PI development. The area under the curve for Cubbin & Jackson, EVARUCI and Waterlow were, respectively, 0.91, 0.96 and 0.76, and EVARUCI demonstrated the highest accuracy (90.1%). Conclusion The Cubbin & Jackson and EVARUCI instruments showed high sensitivity and specificity for PI risk assessment in patients admitted to ICUs, and EVARUCI showed better accuracy.

Cad. saúde colet., (Rio J.) ; 31(2): e31020421, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447810


Resumo Introdução O monitoramento da hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS) é realizado no Brasil, fundamentado no autorrelato, por meio do sistema VIGITEL. Tendo em vista lacunas acerca desse agravo em populações de trabalhadores, estas devem ser alvo da ação ampliada para o seu diagnóstico epidemiológico. Objetivo Testar a validade de critério do autorrelato de HAS, comparando-o com medidas aferidas de pressão arterial (PA). Método Realizou-se estudo de corte transversal com amostra aleatória do universo de 1.561 trabalhadores de um serviço judiciário na Bahia. Calcularam-se sensibilidade, especificidade, valores preditivos e razões de probabilidade para o autorrelato de HAS, comparando-os com a aferição direta da PA, medida de referência. O diagnóstico de HAS foi a média de duas aferições com PA sistólica ≥ 140 mmHg, e/ou PA diastólica ≥ 90 mmHg, e/ou uso regular de anti-hipertensivos. Resultados Em amostra de 391 trabalhadores, verificou-se sensibilidade de 66,4% (57,1-74,6%), especificidade de 87,9% (83,2-91,4%), valor preditivo positivo de 70,5% (61,1-78,6%), valor preditivo negativo de 85,7% (80,9-89,4%), razões de probabilidade positiva e negativa de 5,5 (3,88-7,72) e de 0,4 (0,30-0,49), respectivamente. Conclusão Este estudo evidenciou o autorrelato como medida válida para o diagnóstico epidemiológico da HAS entre trabalhadores, recomendando seu uso. No entanto, esta validade depende do diagnóstico prévio do agravo.

Abstract Background Monitoring of hypertension, based on self-report, has been performed in Brazil through VIGITEL. In view of the gaps about this problem in worker populations, these should be the targets of the expanded action of epidemiological diagnosis of hypertension. Objective To test the validity of hypertension self-report in comparison to blood pressure (BP) measurements. Method A cross-sectional study was conducted on a random sample of 1561 workers from a Judicial Service in Bahia. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and positive and negative likelihood ratios were calculated for the hypertension self-report in comparison with direct BP measurement (reference). Hypertensive cases presented the mean of two BP measurements, with systolic BP ≥ 140 mmHg, and/or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mmHg and/or regular use of antihypertensive drugs. Results In a sample of 391 workers, there was a sensitivity of 66.4% (57.1-74.6%), a specificity of 87.9% (83.2-91.4%), a positive predictive value of 70.5% (61.1- 78.6%), a negative predictive value of 85.7% (80.9-89.4%), a positive and negative likelihood ratio of 5.5 (3.88-7.72) and 0.4 (0.30-0.49) respectively. Conclusion This study showed self-report as a valid measure to implement the epidemiological diagnosis of hypertension among workers, recommending its use. However, its validity depends on the previous diagnosis.

Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 27: e20220143, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1421431


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o desempenho do sistema web "Apoio à Revisão Sistemática" quanto à identificação de referências bibliográficas duplicadas, em comparação a outros programas. Métodos Trata-se de uma pesquisa metodológica que avalia o processo automático de identificação de duplicatas do sistema "Apoio à Revisão Sistemática" (versão 1.0), em comparação ao EndNote X9® e Rayyan® , considerando checagem manual como referência. Foi utilizado um conjunto de estudos relacionados a três temas sobre fibrose cística recuperados das bases de dados Pubmed, Embase e Web of Science. Para avaliação de desempenho, utilizaram-se a sensibilidade, especificidade, acurácia e área sob a curva ROC para cada software, em comparação à referência. Resultados As buscas nas bases de dados resultaram em 1332 estudos, sendo 273 (20,5%) verdadeiros duplicados. Em comparação aos dados de referência, o programa "Apoio à Revisão Sistemática" identificou maior proporção de duplicatas verdadeiras do que os demais. Os valores de sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia do sistema "Apoio à Revisão Sistemática" apresentaram-se acima de 98%. Conclusão e implicações para a prática O sistema "Apoio à Revisão Sistemática" possui alta sensibilidade, especificidade e acurácia para identificação de estudos duplicados, otimizando o tempo e o trabalho dos revisores da área da saúde.

Resumen Objetivo Evaluar el desempeño del sistema web "Apoyo a la Revisión Sistemática" en cuanto a la identificación de referencias duplicadas en comparación a otros programas. Métodos Se trata de una investigación metodológica que evalúa el proceso automático de desduplicación del sistema web "Apoyo a la Revisión Sistemática" (versión 1.0), en comparación al EndNote X9® y Rayyan®, considerando la verificación manual como referencia. Fue utilizado, como ejemplo, un conjunto de estudios relacionados a tres temas sobre fibrosis quística recuperados de las bases de datos Pubmed, Embase y Web of Science. Se analizó la sensibilidad, especificidad, precisión y el área sobre la curva ROC de los programas. Resultados Las búsquedas en las bases de datos dieron como resultado 1332 estudios, siendo 273 (20,5%) verdaderos duplicados. En comparación a los datos de referencia, el programa "Apoyo a la Revisión Sistemática" identificó mayor proporción de duplicados verdaderos que los demás. Los valores de sensibilidad, especificidad y precisión del sistema "Apoyo a la Revisión Sistemática" fueron superiores a 98%. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica El sistema "Apoyo a la Revisión Sistemática" posee alta sensibilidad, especificidad y precisión para identificación de estudios duplicados obtenidos a partir de búsquedas en bases de datos en el área de salud, optimizando el trabajo de investigadores. Palabras clave Exactitud de los Datos; Bases de Datos Bibliográficas; Revisión Sistemática; Sensibilidad y Especificidad; Software.

Abstract Objective To evaluate the performance of the Systematic Review Support web-based system for the identification of duplicate records compared with similar software tools. Methods A methodological study was conducted assessing the automated process of de-duplication performed by the Systematic Review Support web-based system (version 1.0) versus the EndNote X9® and Rayyan® systems, adopting hand-checking as the benchmark reference for comparisons. A set of studies on three topics related to cystic fibrosis retrieved from the Pubmed, Embase and Web of Science electronic databases was used for testing purposes. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy and area under the ROC curve of the software systems were compared to the benchmark values for performance evaluation. Results The database searches retrieved 1332 studies, of which 273 (20.5%) were true duplicates. The Systematic Review Support tool identified a larger proportion of true duplicates than the other systems tested. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the Systematic Review Support tool exceeded 98%. Conclusion and implications for practice The Systematic Review Support system provided a high level of sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in identifying duplicate studies, optimizing time and effort by reviewers in the health field.

Humans , Computer Systems , Software Validation , Databases as Topic , Sensitivity and Specificity , Data Accuracy , Systematic Reviews as Topic
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 37: e045, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1439755


Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of pairs of antagonist teeth (epidemiological criterion) for defining pairs of teeth in occlusal contact (clinical criterion) and to estimate the agreement between the prevalence of "shortened dental arch" (SDA) and "functional dentition" (FD) when occlusal units (OUs) or posterior occluding pairs (POPs) are defined by the epidemiological or clinical criterion. Data were collected in an epidemiological oral health survey conducted in a municipality in Minas Gerais, Brazil. OUs and POPs were defined by the epidemiological criterion (dental crown status) or clinical criterion "gold standard" (carbon paper record of occlusal contacts during habitual maximum intercuspation). SDA corresponded to the presence of an intact anterior region and three to five OUs. FD was based on the concomitant presence of ≥ 1 tooth in each arch, 10 teeth in each arch, 12 anterior teeth, ≥ 3 premolar POPs, and ≥ 1 molar POP bilaterally. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy of the epidemiological criterion were calculated. The study included 197 adults. Sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 88.5, 87.9, 92.5, and 81.9%, respectively, and accuracy was 88.3%. The epidemiological criterion proved to be valid and could be used in epidemiological studies to calculate the prevalence of reduced dental configurations that consider POPs. The assessment of oral functionality is an aspect that should be included in the diagnosis of the clinical condition of patients, contributing to a more effective individual and collective oral health care plan.

CoDAS ; 35(3): e20210263, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439937


RESUMO Objetivo estabelecer pontos de corte para valores de velocidade e acurácia de leitura, a fim de obter valores mínimos para compreensão de textos, e permitir classificar alunos de 2º a 5º ano do Ensino Fundamental, de acordo com bom ou pobre desempenho em leitura. Método foram analisados ​​147 protocolos de avaliação de leitura oral e compreensão textual de escolares de 3º a 5º ano com e sem dificuldades de leitura. A taxa de leitura oral de texto e os valores de acurácia foram analisados. Curvas ROC foram construídas e a sensibilidade e a especificidade, calculadas para cada parâmetro de fluência de leitura por ano escolar. Resultados A sensibilidade e a especificidade para medidas de taxa e acurácia na leitura de texto foram calculadas para o 3º, 4º e 5º anos. A taxa e a precisão sob a curva ROC não diferiram estatisticamente. Os valores do 2º ano foram estimados matematicamente. Conclusão Foram identificados os valores de corte esperados para escolares do 2º ao 5º ano, com recomendações de utilização da taxa de leitura de texto oral para procedimentos de rastreamento da compreensão leitora.

ABSTRACT Purpose to establish cut-off point for reading speed and accuracy, to obtain minimum values for comprehending texts, and allow classifying students from 2nd to 5th grade of elementary school according to good or poor reading performance. Methods 147 assessment protocols for oral reading and text comprehension of students from 3rd to 5th grade of Elementary School with and without reading difficulties were analyzed. The oral text reading rate and accuracy values were analyzed. ROC curves were constructed, and sensitivity and specificity calculated for each reading fluency parameter, and each school grade. Results Sensitivity and specificity for measures of rate and accuracy in text reading were calculated for the 3rd, 4th, and 5th grades. Rate and precision under the ROC curve did not differ statistically. The values for the 2nd grade were mathematically estimated. Conclusion The cutoff values expected for students from 2nd to 3rd grade were identified, with recommendations for using the oral text reading rate for reading comprehension screening procedures

Braz. j. anesth ; 72(6): 736-741, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420622


Abstract Background There is currently some discussion over the actual usefulness of performing preoperative upper airway assessment to predict difficult airways. In this field, modified Mallampati test (MMT) is a widespread tool used for prediction of difficult airways showing only a feeble predictive performance as a diagnostic test. We therefore aimed at evaluating if MMT test would perform better when used as a screening test rather than diagnostic. Methods An accuracy prospective study was conducted with 570 patients undergoing general anesthesia for surgical procedures. We collected preoperatively data on sex, age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), ASA physical status, and MMT. The main outcome was difficult laryngoscopy defined as Cormack and Lahane classes 3 or 4. Bivariate analyses were performed to build three different predictive models with their ROC curves. Results Difficult laryngoscopy was reported in 36 patients (6.32%). Sex, ASA physical status, and MMT were associated with difficult laryngoscopy, while body mass index (BMI) was not. The MMT cut-off with the highest odds ratio was the class II, which also presented significantly higher sensitivity (94.44%). The balanced accuracy was 67.11% (95% CI: 62.78-71.44%) for the cut-off of class II and 71.68% (95% CI: 63.83-79.54) for the class III. Conclusion MMT seems to be more clinically useful when the class II is employed as the threshold for possible difficult laryngoscopies. At this cut-off, MMT shows the considerable highest sensitivity plus the highest odds ratio, prioritizing thus the anticipation of difficult laryngoscopies.

Humans , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Larynx , Prospective Studies , Laryngoscopy/methods
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(6): 900-907, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407315


ABSTRACT Introduction: The benefit of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) in patients with non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is still an issue under discussion. Studies examining the relationship between ventricular scar tissue and ICD shock with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) are promising. CMR studies have shown that ventricular scar tissue size and Selvester score show a correlation. In the light of this information, this study aimed to investigate the potential relationship between Selvester score and ICD therapies. Methods: The study included 48 patients who had undergone ICD implantation with a diagnosis of DCM and who had undergone routine 6-month ICD control in outpatient clinic controls between December 2018 and October 2019. Selvester score and other data were compared between patients who received ICD therapy (n=10) and those who did not (n=38). Results: Selvester score (P<0.001) was higher in ICD therapy group. Positive correlation was found between ICD shock therapy and Selvester score (P=0.002, r=0.843). Selvester score was detected as an independent predictor for ICD therapy after multiple linear regression analysis (P=0.004). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that Selvester score (P<0.001) was a significant predictor of ICD therapy. Selvester score cutoff points of 5 for were calculated to estimate ICD therapy, with a sensitivity of 100% and specifity of 81%. Conclusion: In our study, it was found that a high Selvester score may be a predictor for ICD therapies in patients with DCM. As an inexpensive and non-invasive method, Selvester score can help in the decision-making in these patients.

Vaccimonitor (La Habana, Print) ; 31(3)sept.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1410315


La asociación de rinitis alérgica y el síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño se presenta en diferentes edades. En la rinitis alérgica y el síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño, puede estar involucrada la sensibilización a ácaros, principalmente: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney y Blomia tropicalis. Con el objetivo de diagnosticar el síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño se seleccionaron 120 individuos del registro de alergia del Policlínico Previsora, Camagüey, Cuba, con diagnóstico presuntivo de rinitis alérgica y edad entre 5 y 15 años cumplidos. Todos tenían realizada la prueba de punción cutánea con Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney y Blomia tropicalis; algunos también, la poligrafía cardiorrespiratoria mediante el dispositivo ApneaLinkAirTM (Resmed Corp., RFA), utilizando el marcaje automático de eventos. La muestra fue de 40 casos (respiración oral, ronquidos) y 80 controles (sin respiración oral, ni ronquidos). La media del tamaño del habón fue de 7,9 mm en los casos y 4,1 mm en los controles (p꞊0,030). El índice de apnea-hipopnea fue positivo en 47 (39,1 por ciento) pacientes, de ellos, 36 (30 por ciento) casos y 11 (9,1 por ciento) controles (p=0,001). La sensibilidad y especificidad de la poligrafía cardiorrespiratoria mostró valores de 85,00 por ciento y 91,25 por ciento respectivamente que permiten afirmar el grado de eficacia de la prueba para diagnosticar apnea e hipopnea obstructiva del sueño. Los pacientes con síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño en los casos y controles presentaron incremento, con predominio para casos. La poligrafía cardiorrespiratoria con el dispositivo ApneaLink permite hacer el diagnóstico del síndrome de apnea-hipopnea obstructiva del sueño en rinitis alérgica(AU)

The association of allergic rhinitis and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome occurs at different ages. In allergic rhinitis and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome, sensitization to mites may be involved, mainly: Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney and Blomia tropicalis. With the objective to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome, 120 individuals were selected from the allergy registry of the Previsora Polyclinic, Camagüey, Cuba, with a presumptive diagnosis of allergic rhinitis and ages between 5 and 15 years old. All had the skin prick test with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides siboney and Blomia tropicalis; some also, cardio-respiratory polygraphy with the ApneaLink AirTM device (Resmed Corp., RFA), using automatic event marking. The sample consisted of 40 cases (oral breathing, snoring) and 80 controls (no oral breathing or snoring). The mean size of the wheal was 7.9 mm in the cases and 4.1 mm in the controls (p꞊0.030). The apnea and hypopnea index was positive in 47 (39.1 percent) patients, of which 36 (30 percent) were cases and 11 (9.1 percent) were controls (p=0.001). The sensitivity and specificity of the cardiorespiratory polygraphy showed values of 85.00 percent and 91.25 percent, respectively, which allow affirming the degree of efficacy of the test to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome in cases and controls presented an increase, with a predominance for cases. Cardiorespiratory polygraphy with the ApneaLink device allows the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome in allergic rhinitis(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Adolescent , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/etiology , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Mites
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 42(supl.2): 59-72, oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403613


Introducción. Desde el primer reporte en la provincia de Wuhan (China) en el año 2019, el SARS-CoV-2 se ha diseminado por todo el mundo, provocando un enorme impacto en la salud pública. Para su diagnóstico, la Organización Mundial de la Salud ha incentivado el desarrollo de pruebas rápidas, de simple ejecución, sensibles y específicas, que complementan la RT-qPCR como prueba de referencia. La prueba RT-LAMP ha mostrado ser una excelente alternativa para la detección del SARS-CoV-2 en diferentes biofluidos. Objetivo. Validar la técnica RT-LAMP colorimétrica en muestras de hisopado nasofaríngeo previamente confirmadas por RT-qPCR, usando el protocolo Charité, Berlín, Alemania. Materiales y métodos. Un total de 153 muestras de hisopado nasofaríngeo de individuos con sospecha de COVID-19 se sometieron a RT-qPCR y RT-LAMP, usando un estuche comercial colorimétrico (NEB, Germany). La RT-LAMP se practicó con las muestras de ARN extraídas del hisopado nasofaríngeo y con muestras crudas sin previa extracción de ARN. El resultado fue evaluado por un simple cambio de color en la reacción. Resultados. La sensibilidad y especificidad de la técnica RT-LAMP para detectar el gen N del SARS-CoV-2 mediante un set de cebadores previamente reportados (set de Broughton), arrojó valores de 0,97 (0,85-1,00) y 0,81 (0,65-0,92), respectivamente, con un intervalo de confianza del 95%. Otro set de cebadores dirigidos contra otra región del mismo gen (set de Lalli) arrojó valores de sensibilidad y especificidad de 0,96 (0,78-1,00) y 0,77 (0,55-0,92), respectivamente. Sin previa extracción de ARN, se encontró que la sensibilidad fue del 0,95 (0,74-1,00) y la especificidad del 0,88 (0,64-0,99). Conclusiones. Estos resultados evidencian que la técnica RT-LAMP podría considerarse una prueba diagnóstica rápida, de fácil ejecución, libre de equipos sofisticados, sensible y específica, para el diagnóstico del SARS-CoV-2 en muestras de hisopados nasofaríngeos.

Introduction: Since the first report in Wuhan (China) in 2019, the SARS-CoV-2 virus has spread throughout the world, with a significant impact in public health. To contain its transmission, the WHO has encouraged the development of rapid, simple, sensitive and specific tests that complement qRT-PCR, as the gold standard. RT-LAMP has shown to be a good alternative to detect SARS-CoV-2 in different fluid samples. Objective: To validate the colorimetric RT-LAMP technique using two sets of primers targeting N gene of SARS-CoV-2 in 117 nasopharyngeal swab samples previously confirmed by RT-qPCR, using the Charité/Berlin protocol. Material and methods: A total of 153 nasopharyngeal swab samples from individuals with suspected COVID-19 were subjected to qRT-PCR and RT-LAMP using a commercial colorimetric kit (NEB, Germany). RT-LAMP was performed using both extracted RNA samples and raw samples without prior RNA extraction, and the result was assessed by a simple color change in the reaction. Results: Sensitivity and specificity for the previously reported RT-LAMP primers (Broughton set) targeting N gene of SARS-CoV-2 were 0.97 (0.85-1.00) and 0.81 (0.65-0.92) respectively, with CI95%. The Lalli primers targeting another region of the N gene used showed a sensitivity value of 0.96 (0.78-1.00) and a specificity of 0.77 (0.55-0.92). Without RNA extraction we found a sensitivity value of 0.95 (0.74, 1.00) and a specificity of 0.88 (0.64, 0.99). A sensitivity value of 0.95 (0.74-1.00) and a specificity 0.88 (0.64-0.99) were found without prior RNA extraction. Conclusion: Taking together, the results showed that RT-LAMP technique could be considered as a rapid diagnostic test, easy to perform, free of sophisticated equipment, sensitive and specific to diagnose SARS-CoV-2 in nasopharyngeal swabs with and without prior RNA extraction, allowing its implementation in places with scarce resources.

Molecular Diagnostic Techniques , COVID-19/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Point-of-Care Testing
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(2): 1-11, may. 23, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400730


Introduction: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and compare the accuracy of pulp tests in the diagnosis of teeth pulpal health. Material and Methods: Traumatized (n=71) and non-traumatized (n=71) teeth from 42 patients were evaluated. Each tooth underwent cold, heat, electric and oximetry tests, followed by radiographic examination and calculation of the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy. Results: Clinical and radiographic examination showed no alteration for the 71 teeth from the intact contralateral group. From the traumatized group, 29 teeth presented complete endodontic treatment, 17 presented periapical alterations that required endodontic treatment and 25 teeth did not present conclusive radiographic alteration. The cold test showed a significantly higher proportion of correct results, while the electric test showed a significantly lower proportion. The data showed higher accuracy for the cold, followed by oximeter and heat tests, while the electric test presented the lowest accuracy. Cold and oximeter tests proved superior over the electric and heat tests, while the electric test showed better parameters when diagnosing diseased pulp. Conclusion: Combining two pulp tests seems reasonable for improving the pulp diagnoses using both oximeter and cold or oximeter and heat tests to detect healthy pulp; or cold and electric tests to define diseased pulp.

Introducción: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la efectividad y comparar la precisión de las pruebas pulpares en el diagnóstico de la salud pulpar de los dientes. Material y Métodos: Se evaluaron dientes traumatizados (n=71) y no traumatizados (n=71) de 42 pacientes. Cada diente se sometió a pruebas de frío, calor, eléctricas y de oximetría, seguidas de examen radiográfico y cálculo de la sensibilidad, especificidad, VPP, VPN y precisión. Resultados: El examen clínico y radiográfico no mostró alteración en los 71 dientes del grupo contralateral intacto. Del grupo traumatizado, 29 dientes presentaron tratamiento endodóntico completo, 17 presentaron alteraciones peri-apicales que requirieron tratamiento endodóntico y 25 dientes no presentaron alteración radiográfica concluyente. La prueba en frío mostró una proporción significativamente mayor de resultados correctos, mientras que la prueba eléctrica mostró una proporción significativamente menor. Los datos mostraron mayor precisión para la prueba de frío, seguida de las pruebas de oxímetro y calor, mientras que la prueba eléctrica presentó la menor precisión. Las pruebas de frío y oxímetro demostraron ser superiores a las pruebas eléctricas y de calor, mientras que la prueba eléctrica mostró mejores parámetros al momento de diagnosticar pulpa enferma. Conclusión: La combinación de dos pruebas pulpares parece razonable para mejorar los diagnósticos pulpares utilizando tanto el oxímetro como las pruebas de frío u oxímetro y calor para detectar una pulpa sana; o pruebas de frío y eléctricas para definir pulpa enferma.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Dental Pulp/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Diseases , Dental Pulp Test , Oximetry , Sensitivity and Specificity , Cold Temperature , Hot Temperature
Rev. gastroenterol. Peru ; 42(2)abr. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423931


Objetivo : Determinar el rendimiento diagnóstico de la técnica de inmnunocromatografía o flujo lateral para la detección de anticuerpos en pacientes con Fasciolosis humana. Materiales y métodos : Estudio observacional, prospectivo y de corte transversal. Hemos desarrollado una prueba de flujo lateral (Fasciorap) para el diagnóstico serológico de las Fasciolosis humana por Fasciola hepatica, compuesta por antígenos de excreción-secreción de formas adultas conjugadas con orocoloidal de 40 nm y una proteína A e IgG de conejo anti Fasciola hepatica como reactivos detectores en la línea de prueba y control, flanqueados por almohadillas en un cassette. Se evaluaron 240 sueros, 120 positivos, 50 sueros de pacientes con otras parasitosis, 20 de pacientes con enfermedades infecciosas y 50 sueros de personas no parasitadas, la interpretación de resultados se realizó por inspección visual a los 15 minutos de aplicada las muestras. Resultados : La prueba detectó la presencia de anticuerpos en el suero de pacientes con fasciolosis, alcanzando una sensibilidad de 92,5%, una especificidad de 94,17%, un valor predictivo positivo de 94,07% y negativo de 92,62%; con 100% de concordancia en la repetibilidad y reproducibilidad. Conclusiones : Fasciorap detecta casos de fasciolosis, por lo tanto, es una potencial prueba diagnóstica en zonas endémicas donde se requiere pruebas de punto de atención

Objective : To determine the diagnostic performance of the immunochromatography technique or lateral flow for the detection of antibodies in patients with human fasciolosis. Materials and methods : Observational, prospective and cross-sectional study. We have developed a lateral flow test (Fasciorap) for the serological diagnosis of fasciolosis due to F. hepatica, composed of excretion-secretion antigens of adult forms conjugated with orocolloid of 40 nm and a protein A and IgG of rabbit anti F. hepatica as detector reagents in the test and control line, flanked by pads in a cassette. 240 sera were evaluated, 120 positive, 50 sera from patients with other parasites, 20 from patients with infectious diseases and 50 sera from non-parasitized people, the interpretation of results was performed by visual inspection 15 minutes after applying the samples. Results : The test detected the presence of antibodies in the serum of patients with fasciolosis, reaching a sensitivity of 92.5%, a specificity of 94.17%, a positive predictive value of 94.07% and a negative predictive value of 92.62%; with 100% agreement on repeatability and reproducibility. Conclusions : Fasciorap detects cases of fascioliasis, therefore, it is a potential diagnostic test in endemic areas where point-of-care testing is required

Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(1): 80-88, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374435


ABSTRACT Background Rockall score is the most widely used prognostic scale for assessing risk of complications from non-varicose upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). Several studies have been conducted in adult populations with non-varicose UGIB in different parts of the world, with conflicting findings regarding the extent of association between the score and some morbidity and mortality outcomes. Also, there is controversy regarding the best cut-off point for the score. Moreover, no studies validating this score in Colombia have been carried out. Objective To assess the diagnostic performance of the Rockall score in predicting rebleeding and mortality in patients with non-varicose UGIB. Methods A prospective cohort study was conducted in patients requiring upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGIE) for non-varicose bleeding. The pre-and post-endoscopy Rockall scores were calculated and outcomes, including mortality, UGIB-associated mortality and in hospital rebleeding were determined at the 1 and 3-month time points. The association between the scores and these outcomes was assessed using the chi2 or the Fisher test, whereas the discrimination ability of the score was determined using the areas under the ROC curve (AUC). High discrimination ability was considered to exist in cases in which an AUC ≤0.7 with α=0.05 could be rejected. Results Overall, 177 patients were analyzed. In-hospital outcomes at 1 and 3 months were 12%, 17% and 23% for general mortality, 6%, 12% and 15% for UGIB mortality, and 19%, 30% and 37% for rebleeding. The post-endoscopy Rockall score was associated with the three outcomes at the three time points assessed, while the pre-endoscopy score was only associated with general mortality at the three time points, and rebleeding at 1 and 3 months. Regarding discrimination ability, although the AUC was greater than expected by randomness (0.5) in all cases, only one AUC ≤0.7 was rejected in the post-endoscopy score for in-hospital UGIB mortality (AUC=0.901; 95%CI: 0.845—0.958), at 1 month (AUC=0.836; 95%CI: 0.717—0.954) and at 3 months (AUC=0.869; 95%CI: 0.771—0.967), and for rebleeding at 1 month (AUC=0.793; 95%CI: 0.725—0.861) and at 3 months (AUC=0.806; 95%CI: 0.741—0.871). Conclusion An association was found between the Rockall score and rebleeding and mortality in patients with non-varicose UGIB. Only the post-endoscopy score had a high predictive ability for rebleeding and UGIB mortality.

RESUMO Contexto O escore de Rockall é a escala de prognóstico mais amplamente usada para avaliar o risco de complicações de sangramento gastrointestinal superior não varicoso. Vários estudos foram conduzidos em populações adultas com sangramento gastrointestinal superior não varicoso em diferentes partes do mundo, com achados conflitantes quanto à extensão da associação entre o escore e alguns desfechos de morbimortalidade. Há também controvérsias em relação ao melhor ponto de corte para a pontuação. Além disso, não foram realizados estudos que validem essa pontuação na Colômbia. Objetivo Avaliar o desempenho diagnóstico do escore de Rockall na previsão de ressangramento e mortalidade em pacientes com sangramento gastrointestinal superior não varicoso. Métodos Um estudo de coorte prospectivo foi conduzido em pacientes que necessitaram de endoscopia digestiva alta (EDA) para sangramento não varicoso. Os escores de Rockall pré e pós-endoscopia foram calculados e os resultados, incluindo mortalidade, mortalidade associada ao sangramento gastrointestinal superior não varicoso e ressangramento intra-hospitalar foram determinados nos pontos de tempo de 1 e 3 meses. A associação entre os escores e esses desfechos foram avaliados pelo teste de chi2 ou Fisher, enquanto a habilidade de discriminação do escore foi determinada pelas áreas sob a curva ROC (AUC). Alta capacidade de discriminação foi considerada existente nos casos em que uma AUC ≤0,7 com α=0,05 poderia ser rejeitada. Resultados No geral, 177 pacientes foram analizados. Os desfechos hospitalares em 1 e 3 meses foram de 12%, 17% e 23% para mortalidade geral, 6%, 12% e 15% para mortalidade com hemorragia digestiva alta e 19%, 30% e 37% para ressangramento. O escore de Rockall pós-endoscopia foi associado aos três desfechos nos três momentos avaliados, enquanto o escore pré-endoscopia foi associado apenas à mortalidade geral nos três momentos, e ressangramento em 1 e 3 meses. Em relação à capacidade de discriminação, embora a AUC fosse maior do que o esperado pela aleatoriedade (0,5) em todos os casos, apenas uma AUC ≤0,7 foi rejeitada no escore pós-endoscopia para mortalidade com hemorragia digestiva alta intra-hospitalar (AUC =0,901; 95%IC: 0,845—0,958), em 1 mês (AUC =0,836; 95%IC 0,717—0,954) e em 3 meses (AUC =0,869; 95%IC: 0,771—0,967), e para ressangramento em 1 mês (AUC =0,793; 95%IC: 0,725—0,861) e aos 3 meses (AUC =0,806; 95%IC: 0,741—0,871). Conclusão Foi encontrada associação entre o escore de Rockall, ressangramento e mortalidade em pacientes com hemorragia digestiva alta não varicosa. Apenas o escore pós-endoscopia teve alta capacidade preditiva para ressangramento e mortalidade por sangramento gastrointestinal superior não varicoso.

Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 28-36, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, CONASS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1356316


BACKGROUND: Exercise tests are an important tool in the investigation of myocardial ischemia. The ramp protocol has gained increasing importance in clinical practice because of the possibility of individualizing its exercise intensity. OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of Bruce and ramp protocols for exercise testing in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia considering myocardial perfusion scintigraphy as the reference standard. Secondary objectives included the assessment of hemodynamic profiles, functional capacity, and the incidence of arrhythmias in each of the protocols. METHODS: Participants underwent exercise testing using the ramp and Bruce protocols, and the tests' diagnostic power was assessed. For testing the difference between data provided by both protocols, we used a paired Student's t-test or Wilcoxon test, depending on the assumption of data normality. The level of significance adopted for all tests was 5%. RESULTS: The ramp protocol showed sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy values of 55.6%, 82.4%, and 76.7%, respectively, whereas the Bruce protocol had results of 77.8%, 64.7%, and 67.4%, respectively. The maximum heart rate and double product at peak exercise were significantly higher in the Bruce protocol (p = 0.043 and p = 0.040, respectively). No differences were observed between the incidence of arrhythmias in both protocols. CONCLUSION: The Bruce protocol presented higher sensitivity for detecting ischemia on the exercise test, while the ramp protocol presented higher specificity and accuracy.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnosis , Exercise Test , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods , Exercise , Predictive Value of Tests , Hemodynamics
Gac. méd. Méx ; 158(1): 57-65, ene.-feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1375527


Resumen Introducción: Han sido reportados 11 biomarcadores de imágenes con tensor de difusión (DTI) en las regiones tumorales del glioblastoma. Objetivo: Comparar la eficacia de biomarcadores de glioblastoma mediante gráficos de zombie, que permiten la comparación simultánea en función de razones de verosimilitud. Métodos: Cohorte retrospectiva de 29 sujetos con glioblastoma a quienes se efectuó resonancia magnética cerebral de 3 T. Los eigenvalores mayor, intermedio y menor de ITD se utilizaron para calcular 11 biomarcadores en cinco regiones tumorales: sustancia blanca de apariencia normal (NAWM), edema proximal y distal, tumoral viable y necrosis. Las tablas de contingencia con resultados verdaderos y falsos positivos y negativos permitieron calcular gráficos de zombie basados en el factor de Bayes y pruebas diagnósticas previamente no reportadas. Resultados: Los biomarcadores DM, AF, q, L, Cl, Cp, AR actúan en la zona óptima para el diagnóstico de NAWM. Las regiones de edema proximal y distal, tejido tumoral que se realza con contraste y necrosis no poseen biomarcadores que las identifiquen en un nivel de rendimiento óptimo. Conclusiones: Los biomarcadores DM, AF, q, L, Cl, Cp, AR discriminan el tejido cerebral normal en la zona óptima, pero el rendimiento de otras regiones tumorales se ubica en las zonas de inclusión diagnóstica, exclusión diagnóstica y mediocre.

Abstract Introduction: Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), 11 biomarkers have been reported in different glioblastoma regions. Objective: To compare the efficacy of glioblastoma biomarkers using "zombie plots". Methods: Retrospective cohort of 29 subjects with glioblastoma who underwent 3-Tesla brain magnetic resonance imaging. DTI major, intermediate and minor eigenvalues were used to calculate biomarkers at five tumor regions: normal-appearing white matter (NAWM), proximal and distal edema, tumor tissue and necrosis. Contingency tables with true and false positive and negative results allowed the calculation of zombie plots based on the Bayes factor and previously unreported diagnostic tests. Results: The MD, FA, q, L, Cl, Cp and RA biomarkers had a good performance at the optimal zone for NAWM diagnosis. The proximal and distal edema, enhancing rim and necrosis regions do not have biomarkers that identify them with an optimal performance level. Conclusions: Zombie plots allow simultaneous comparison of biomarkers based on likelihood ratios. MD, FA, q, L, Cl, Cp, RA discriminated NAWM normal brain tissue at the optimal zone, but performance for other regions was at the mediocre, diagnostic inclusion and diagnostic exclusion zones.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954324


After the preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy for local advanced rectal cancer, the down-staging of tumor is obvious, the rate of anal preservation and the local control rate are improved, and the side reactions are acceptable, but the individual clinical efficacy varies greatly. Recent studies have found that cyclooxygenase-2, G protein coupled receptor, P53 binding protein 1, fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio, programmed cell death factor 4, tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, microRNA are related to the sensitivity of neoadjuvant therapy for locally advanced rectal cancer, which can predict the sensitivity of preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy.