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J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 11(1): 1-11, Jan. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524601


Objective: temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) are the most common causes of chronic orofacial pain and, along with primary headaches, are considered Chronic Overlapping Pain Conditions (COPCs). The aim of this study is to evaluate TMD treatment effects in individuals with comorbid headaches. Methods: a systematic review was conducted over a search in the database up to October 2020. Selected studies were randomized clinical trials with individuals diagnosed with TMD and comorbid headaches compared to a control group after treatments for TMD. All included studies were evaluated for their methodological quality through the Cochrane Collaboration tool for assessing the risk of bias. Results: seven studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were applied in the review, with a total of 432 participants. Four studies were included in a meta-analysis. There was no significative mean difference in the frequency of headache after TMD treatment, nor for a reduction in pain, after TMD intervention for less than 12 weeks. Although for an individual with a TMD intervention period higher than 12 weeks, there was a significant reduction in pain. Conclusion: there is moderate evidence that painful TMD therapies for 12 weeks or higher reduce headache intensity in individuals with painful TMD and headaches. Simultaneous management of TMD and headache must be prioritized for more effective results on both conditions.

Objetivo: as Disfunções Temporomandibulares (DTM) são as causas mais comuns de dor orofacial crônica e, junto com as cefaleias primárias, são consideradas Condições de Dor Sobrepostas Crônicas (CPOCs). O objetivo deste estudo é avaliar os efeitos do tratamento das DTMs em indivíduos com cefaleia comórbida. Métodos: foi realizada uma revisão sistemática por meio de uma busca em banco de dados até outubro de 2020. Os estudos selecionados foram ensaios clínicos randomizados com indivíduos diagnosticados com DTM e cefaleia comórbida em comparação com um grupo controle após tratamentos para DTM. Todos os estudos incluídos foram avaliados quanto à sua qualidade metodológica por meio da ferramenta Cochrane Collaboration para avaliar o risco de viés. Resultados: sete estudos preencheram os critérios de inclusão e foram incluídos na revisão, totalizando 432 participantes. Quatro estudos foram incluídos em uma meta-análise. Não houve diferença média significativa na frequência de cefaleia após tratamento para DTM, nem para redução da dor, após intervenção para DTM por menos de 12 semanas. Para indivíduos com DTM, o tempo de intervenção maior que 12 semanas resultou em uma redução significativa da dor. Conclusão: há evidências moderadas de que terapias para DTM dolorosa por períodos de 12 semanas ou mais reduzem a intensidade da cefaleia em indivíduos com DTM dolorosa e cefaleia. O manejo simultâneo de DTM e cefaleia deve ser priorizado para resultados mais efetivos em ambas as condições.

Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(10): e20230841, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514682


SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the pressure pain threshold and the thickness of the cervical muscles in patients with tension-type headache versus healthy participants. METHODS: An observational, retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted at the Universidad Europea de Madrid between May and June 2022. Adults aged 18-65 years with tension-type headache diagnosed for more than 6 months were compared to healthy controls. B-mode ultrasound imaging was employed to measure the thickness of the neck stabilizing muscles, longus colli, and multifidus at the C5 and C6 levels, respectively. pressure pain threshold measurements were assessed bilaterally in the following regions: upper trapezius, masseter, temporalis, anterior tibialis, and median nerve. RESULTS: A total of 40 participants (90% females; 36.3±12.9 years, BMI 24.2±3.7 kg/m2) participated in the study. Compared with the control group (n=20), participants in the tension-type headache group (n=20) presented statistically significant lower values in all pressure pain threshold measures. Additionally, the tension-type headache group presented statistically significant lower values in the thickness of the following muscles: right multifidus at rest (1.0±0.2 cm versus 1.3±0.2 cm; p<0.001), left multifidus at rest (1.1±0.1 cm versus 1.3±0.1 cm; p<0.001) and during contraction (1.2±0.1 cm versus 1.5±0.2 cm; p<0.001), left longus colli at rest (1.0±0.2 cm versus 1.2±0.1 cm; p=0.01) and during contraction (1.2±0.2 cm versus 1.4±0.1 cm; p<0.001), and right longus colli during contraction (1.2±0.2 cm versus 1.4±0.2 cm; p=0.02). CONCLUSION: This study concluded that patients with tension-type headache showed lower thickness and lower pressure pain threshold of cervical muscles compared to healthy controls.

Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 587-590, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994875


The migraine, tension-type headache and cluster headache are common primary headaches in clinic. The accurate diagnosis and standardized treatment are important to reduce the disability, chronification and medication overuse of primary headache. With the development of clinical research on primary headache, more and more evidence-based medical data provide guidance for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Particularly, new research progresses have been made in the field of both medication and non-drug treatments of primary headache. Above all, Headache Group of Chinese Society of Neurology drafted the Chinese practice guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of migraine, tension-type headache and cluster headache. The purpose of these guidelines is to improve the understanding, management, standardized diagnosis and treatment of primary headaches.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-219155


Introduction: Guided imagery (GI) is a mind–body intervention, in which individuals generate mental images of pleasant objects or eventsin their minds. These mental images produce positivity and alter the perception of headaches and other pain disorders. A review of literature suggests that GI is an effective psychological treatment for tension‑type headache (TTH) and state‑trait anxiety. Hence, the present study aimedto assess the efficacy of GI on TTH associated with state‑trait anxiety and to compare its efficacy with treatment as usual (TAU). Materials and Methods: Forty treatment‑naïve patients diagnosed with TTH were selected from the psychiatry outpatient department through purposivesampling method. The Henry Ford Hospital Headache Disability Inventory and the State‑Trait Anxiety Inventory for Adults were administeredon all the patients for baseline data. Experimental group (n = 20) were given eight sessions of GI along with TAU for 2 months, whereas waitlistgroup (n = 20) were given only TAU. Results: ASignificant positive association was obtained between emotional and functional disabilityof headache and state‑trait anxiety at baseline. Postassessment findings demonstrated a significant reduction in severity and frequency of TTH, emotional and functional disability, and state‑trait anxiety in the experimental group receiving GI as compared to the waitlist group.Conclusion: Patients living with TTH more commonly suffer from state‑trait anxiety. Those patients who were given GI along with TAU for 2 months improved on severity and frequency of TTH, emotional and functional disability of TTH, and state‑trait anxiety more effectively than those patients receiving only TAU. Consequently, it can be said that GI is an effective treatment for TTH and state‑trait anxiety as compared to TA

Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516316


Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship be-tween the presence of primary headaches and myofascial pain in orofacial patients. Materials and methods: Six hundred and ninety-nine records of patients seeking treatment in a specialized orofacial pain clinic were assessed. The primary diagnostic categories of heada-che and myofascial pain were recorded. Data analyses were carried out by Pearson Chi-square and Logistic Regression, with a p-value of 0.05. Results: Average age of patients was 34.6 years. Females constituted 82.8% of the sample. A relationship between the presence of tension-type headache and myofascial pain was found (p=0.00); however, this relationship was not found for the presence of migraine and myofascial pain (p>0.05). Discussion: Tension-type headaches may be triggered or perpetuated by trigger points in orofacial structures. Conclusion: It can be concluded that trigger points in myofascial pain patients can play an important role in the genesis of tension-type headache.

Objetivo: Este estudo avaliou a relação entre a presença de cefaleia primária e dor miofascial em pacientes orofaciais. Materiais e métodos: Foram avaliados 699 prontuários de pacientes que buscavam atendimento em clínica especiali-zada em dor orofacial. As categorias diagnósticas primárias de cefaleia e dor miofascial foram registradas. A análise dos dados foi realizada pelo Qui-quadrado de Pearson e Regressão Logística, com valor de p=0,05. Resultados: A idade média dos pacientes foi de 34,6 anos. O sexo feminino constituiu 82,8% da amostra. Foi encontrada relação entre a presença de cefaleia do tipo tensional e dor miofascial (p = 0,00); en-tretanto, essa relação não foi encontrada para a presença de enxaqueca e dor miofascial (p> 0,05). Discussão: As cefaleias primárias do tipo tensionais podem ser desencadeadas ou perpetuadas por pontos-gatilhos nas estruturas orofaciais. Conclusão: Pode-se concluir que os pontos-gatilhos em pacientes com dor miofascial podem desempenhar um papel importante na gênese da cefaleia do tipo tensional.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Facial Pain , Tension-Type Headache , Migraine Disorders , Medical Records
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 12(1)jan., 2022. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398167


INTRODUÇÃO: Cefaleias tensionais podem ser induzidas pela postura da cabeça para frente, e há uma grande quantidade de evidências disponíveis para o manejo de cefaleias crônicas. Os dados corroboram uso de abordagens de terapia manual para gerenciar dores de cabeça do tipo tensional. Devido à postura anterior da cabeça, a região do músculo suboccipital torna-se curta, resultando em aumento da lordose e dor no pescoço. Pacientes com uma postura de cabeça ainda mais para frente têm um ângulo craniovertebral menor, o que, por sua vez, causa cefaleia do tipo tensional. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é comparar os efeitos da terapia de liberação miofascial (LMF) e da técnica de energia muscular (TEM) com exercícios gerais do pescoço no ângulo crânio-vertebral e na cefaleia em pacientes com cefaleia do tipo tensional. MÉTODOS: No total, 75 indivíduos com cefaleia tensional e sensibilidade muscular suboccipital foram recrutados e randomizados cegamente em três grupos: o grupo LMF, o grupo TEM e o grupo controle (25 indivíduos em cada grupo). Um ângulo pré-crânio vertebral foi obtido por método fotográfico e um questionário de índice de incapacidade pré-cefaleia foi preenchido. O grupo LMF recebeu liberação crânio-basal na região suboccipital com exercícios de pescoço; o grupo TEM recebeu relaxamento pós-isométrico na região suboccipital com exercícios, e o grupo controle recebeu apenas exercícios por 2 semanas. Após duas semanas, o ângulo pós-craniano e o questionário de cefaleia foram coletados e medidos. RESULTADOS: O ângulo crânio-vertebral e o índice de cefaleia mostraram melhora significativa nos grupos TEM e LMF. Não houve diferença significativa quando os grupos TEM e LMF foram comparados. Quando comparados com o grupo controle, tanto o TEM quanto o LMF apresentaram aumento significativo do ângulo crânio-vertebral. Houve melhora significativa no índice de cefaleia após TEM, LMF ou exercício de rotina no pescoço. CONCLUSÃO: Comparado ao grupo controle, o LMF apresenta melhores resultados do que o TEM no ângulo crânio-vertebral e cefaleia.

INTRODUCTION: Tension headaches can be induced by forward head posture, and there is a wealth of evidence available for managing chronic headaches. The data support the use of manual therapy approaches to manage tension-type headaches. Because of the forward head posture, the suboccipital muscle region becomes short, resulting in an increase in lordosis and neck pain. Patients with an even more forward head posture have a smaller craniovertebral angle, which in turn causes tension-type headache. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the effects of Myofascial release therapy (MFR) and Muscle energy technique (MET) with general neck exercises on the craniovertebral angle and headache in tension-type headache patients. METHODS: In total, 75 subjects with tension-type headache and suboccipital muscle tenderness were recruited and randomized blindly into three groups: the MFR group, the MET group, and the control group (25 subjects in each group). A pre-craniovertebral angle was taken by photographic method, and a pre-headache disability index questionnaire was filled in. The MFR group receives cranio-basal release in the suboccipital region with neck exercises, the MET group receives post­isometric relaxation in the suboccipital region with exercises, and the control group receives only exercises for two weeks. After two weeks, the postcranial angle and the headache questionnaire were taken and measured. RESULTS: Craniovertebral angle and headache index showed significant improvement in both the MET and MFR groups. There was no significant difference when MET and MFR groups were compared. When compared with the control group, both MET and MFR showed a significant increase in craniovertebral angle. There was a significant improvement in the headache index following MET, MFR, or routine neck exercise. CONCLUSION: Compared to the control group, MFR shows better results than MET on craniovertebral angle and headache.

Tension-Type Headache , Patients , Headache
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954449


Objective:To explore the mechanism of the active compounds in Banxia Houpo Decoction treating tension type headache through network pharmacology and molecular docking.Methods:The potentially effective components and targets of Banxia Houpo Decoction were screened by TCMSP, and the action targets of tension type headache were obtained by GeneCards, PharmGKB, TTD, Drugbank and OMIM. The intersection target of "Banxia Houpo Decoction - tension type headache" was obtained by Perl software. The protein interaction network was uploaded to STRING database and topological analysis was carried out. With the help of Cytoscape 3.8.0 software, the visualization network of "Banxia Houpo Decoction - medicine ingredient-Target-tension type headache" was constructed, and the GO enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of the intersection targets were carried out by using R 4.1.0 language and related programs. The AutoDockTools-1.5.6 software was used to complete the molecular docking analysis.Results:There were 33 intersection targets in Banxia Houpo Decoction and tension type headache. Topological attribute analysis suggested that MAPK1, TP53, ESR1, PTGS2, MYC, CYP1A2, CYP3A4 and GSTP1 might be important potential targets of Banxia Houpo Decoction in the prevention and treatment of tension type headache. GO enrichment analysis showed 516 cell biological processes (BP), 62 cell components (CC) and 149 molecular functions (MF). KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that there were 94 related signal pathways, such as cGMP-PKG signaling pathway, Cholinergicsynapse, Serotonergic synapse and TNF signaling pathway.Conclusions:Banxia Houpo Decoction has multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway characteristics in the prevention and treatment of tension-type headache. It mainly acts on 5-HT synaptic pathway, TNF signal pathway, cholinergic synaptic pathway, G protein coupled receptor pathway and other pathways through ESR1, TP53, PGTS2 and other multi target.

Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 140-147, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014184


Aim To analyze the active ingredients of Chuanxiong, predict its target and signaling pathways in the treatment of tension-type headache, and clarify its therapeutic mechanism based on the principle of network pharmacology.Methods The effective active ingredients in Chuanxiong were retrieved from the Chinese herbal system pharmacology platform(TCMSP), and were performed by the ADME screen to collect the potential targets; the existing tension-type headache-related disease targets were collected through the GeneCards database.The targets corresponding to the active ingredients were intersected to obtain the common target as the key target.Cytoscape was used to construct and analyze the visual "drug-active ingredient-target-disease" network, and the String database was used to construct the PPI protein interaction network; through R language the GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment of common targets in the form of bubble graphs were analyzed.Lastly, molecular docking was used for preliminary verification.Results Finally 7 active ingredients, 105 compound targets and 2 139 tension-type headache-related target genes were obtained.There were 54 nodes in the protein interaction network.GO functional enrichment analysis yielded 215 entries, and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis yielded 68 signaling pathways.Molecular docking showed that FA, Chuanxiong quinone, sitosterol, ligustalin had strong affinity with CASP3, MAPK1, MAPK14.Conclusions It is suggested that Chuanxiong may treat tension-type headaches through anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and cytoprotective effects.

West Indian med. j ; 69(2): 121-128, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341877


ABSTRACT Objective: To examine the effect of body awareness therapy on pain, fatigue and quality of life in women with tension-type headaches (TTH) and migraine. Methods: Socio-demographic features of patients who are included in the study were recorded. Visual analogue scale was used for pain and fatigue severity scale was used for fatigue, Nottingham health profile (NHP) was used for life quality related to health. Following the first evaluation, body awareness therapy (BAT) was applied to patients for six weeks per 60 minutes in three sessions. Results: Among patients with TTH, there was statistical difference between visual analogue scale, fatigue severity scale and total NHP score before and after BAT (p < 0.05). Among patients with migraine, there was statistical difference between total NHP score before and after BAT (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Body awareness therapy is an effective method that can be used in order to increase life quality related to health among female patients with TTH and migraine.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Tension-Type Headache/therapy , Fatigue/etiology , Pain Management/methods , Migraine Disorders/therapy , Pain Measurement , Tension-Type Headache/complications , Migraine Disorders/complications
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 28(3): 244-251, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350778


ABSTRACT Tension-type headache (TTH) is a significant public health problem. The myofascial trigger points in the masticatory and cervical muscles are related to pain located in the temporomandibular joint, face, and cranium according to specific patterns. Thus, therapeutic procedures should be directed to myofascial trigger points rather than to the area of referred pain. For this purpose, the massage therapy combined with the topical heat can provide effective results due to the increase of the local microcirculation, improving tissue perfusion and promoting muscle relaxation. In this study we investigated the effects of manual therapy associated with topical heat therapy in TTH pain. This is a single-arm study composed of 13 participants with TTH (females), which were submitted to a three-month research protocol. In the first month , they filled out a pain diary and then they were evaluated. In the following month, the treatment protocol was applied (8 sessions of 45 minutes, twice a week, involving massage for skin desensitization, myofascial trigger point deactivation and stretching (friction massage) on masticatory and trapezius muscles after the topical heat). Then, in the third month (follow-up period), the participants were instructed to fill out the pain diary once again. We observed a significant decrease in pain intensity in TTH episodes, and medication intake after treatment and it keeps decreasing in follow-up. We conclude that the combination of manual therapy protocol and topical heat reduced pain and episodes related to TTH, and self-medication use in our sample.

RESUMO A cefaleia do tipo tensional (CTT) é um relevante problema de saúde pública. Os pontos-gatilho miofasciais nos músculos mastigatórios e do pescoço referem-se a dor na articulação temporomandibular, face e crânio, de acordo com padrões específicos, e os procedimentos terapêuticos devem ser direcionados para essas áreas, ao invés de zonas de dor referida. Assim, a massagem terapêutica pode proporcionar resultados efetivos quando combinada ao calor superficial, aumentando a microcirculação local, melhorando a perfusão de tecido e promovendo o relaxamento muscular. Desse modo, investigamos os efeitos da terapia manual associada ao calor superficial na CTT. Este é um estudo de braço único, envolvendo 13 participantes com CTT do gênero feminino, as quais foram submetidas a um protocolo de pesquisa de três meses. No primeiro mês (efeito de controle), elas foram avaliadas e preencheram o diário da dor. No mês seguinte, o protocolo de tratamento foi aplicado (8 sessões de 45 minutos, duas vezes por semana, envolvendo massagem para dessensibilização da pele, alongamento e desativação do ponto de gatilho miofascial (massagem de fricção) nos músculos mastigatório e trapézio, após o calor superficial). No terceiro mês (período de seguimento), as participantes foram instruídas a preencher novamente o diário da dor. Observamos uma diminuição significativa da intensidade da dor, dos episódios de CTT e da ingestão medicamentosa após o tratamento, que persistiram no período de seguimento. Concluímos que a combinação do protocolo de terapia manual e do calor superficial reduziu a dor e crises relacionadas a CTT e a automedicação na amostra estudada.

RESUMEN La cefalea de tipo tensional (CTT) es un relevante problema de salud pública. Los puntos gatillo miofasciales en los músculos masticatorios y del cuello se refieren al dolor en la articulación temporomandibular, la cara y el cráneo según los patrones específicos, y los procedimientos terapéuticos deben dirigirse más a estas áreas que a las que refieren el dolor. Ante esto, el masaje terapéutico asociado con el calor superficial puede ser eficaz, aumentando la microcirculación local, mejorando la perfusión tisular y promoviendo la relajación muscular. En este sentido, investigamos los efectos de la terapia manual asociada con el calor superficial en la CTT. Este es un estudio de un solo brazo, realizado con 13 participantes con CTT del género femenino, que se sometieron a un protocolo de investigación de tres meses. En el primer mes (efecto de control), las participantes se sometieron a evaluación y completaron el diario del dolor. En el mes siguiente se aplicó el protocolo de tratamiento (8 sesiones de 45 minutos, dos veces por semana, con masaje para desensibilización cutánea, estiramiento y desactivación del punto gatillo miofascial -masaje de fricción- en los músculos masticatorio y el trapecio, después del calor superficial). En el tercer mes (periodo de monitoreo), las participantes volvieran a completar el diario del dolor. Observamos una disminución significativa de la intensidad del dolor, los episodios de CTT y la ingesta de fármacos después del tratamiento, que persistió en el periodo de monitoreo. Concluimos que el protocolo de terapia manual asociado con calor superficial redujo el dolor y crisis relacionados con la CTT y la automedicación en la muestra estudiada.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888166


This study aims to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH), so as to provide a corresponding basis for clinical treatment. Eight commonly used medical research databases and two clinical trial registration systems were retrieved with the time interval from the establishment of the database or system to November 2020. The randomized controlled trials of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of TTH were screened out according to the pre-set criteria. The quality of the included papers was evaluated by the bias risk assessment tool in Cochrane Reviewers Handbook 6.1 and the data were statistically analyzed by RevMan v5.4 provided by Cochrane collaboration. A total of 13 studies were included and the quality of methodology was generally low. Meta-analysis showed that Toutongning Capsules assisted with western medicine therapy can effectively reduce the pain intensity(MD_(VAS)=-1.94,95%CI[-2.50,-1.38],P<0.000 01;MD_(NRS)=-0.83,95%CI[-0.86,-0.80],P<0.000 01), headache duration(SMD=-0.98,95%CI[-1.17,-0.79],P<0.000 01), headache frequency(MD=-1.01,95%CI[-1.16,-0.85],P<0.000 01), headache index(MD=-11.13,95%CI[-12.10,-10.16],P<0.000 01), anxiety and depression scale score(MD_(HAMA)=-4.02,95%CI[-6.58,-1.46],P=0.002;MD_(HAMD)=-2.67,95%CI[-4.04,-1.29],P=0.000 1), while Toutongning Capsules as monotherapy only reduced the headache score(MD=-2.24,95%CI[-2.97,-1.51],P<0.000 01). The available clinical studies demonstrate that Toutongning Capsules combined with western medicine in the treatment of TTH can improve the related outcome indicators, but the clinical safety and efficacy of Toutongning Capsules alone remain unclear. Due to the small number and low quality of the included studies, large-sample, multi-center, high-quality and strictly designed randomized controlled trials are still needed to verify the clinical efficacy in the future.

Humans , Capsules , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888165


The efficacy of gastrodin as a Chinese herbal medicine extract in the treatment of tension-type headache has been confirmed. This paper systematically reviewed the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache, aiming to provide a new choice for the treatment of this disease. In this study, four Chinese databases, four English databases and two trial registries were searched from the date of establishment to September 2020. The related randomized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened out according to the predetermined criteria. The bias risk assessment tool developed by Cochrane collaboration was used to evaluate the quality of the reports. RevMan 5.4.1 was used for Meta-analysis, and GRADE system for the evidence-based evaluation on the quality of outcome indicators. A total of 177 articles were retrieved and 8 articles were finally included for analysis, with a total sample size of 1 091 cases, which included 565 cases in the treatment group and 526 cases in the control group. The overall quality of included stu-dies was not high. The results of Meta-analysis are as follows:(1)In terms of headache frequency, gastrodin group was better than wes-tern medicine group(MD=-2.90, 95%CI[-3.76,-2.03], P<0.000 01).(2)In terms of number of abnormal blood vessels in TCD, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(MD=-88.96, 95%CI[-102.36,-75.55], P<0.000 01).(3)In terms of effective rate, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.47, 95%CI[1.29, 1.68], P<0.000 01). The results of subgroup analysis are as follows:(1)Effective rate based on age, for the patients upper age limit 40-46 years old, gastro-din group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.69, 95%CI[1.50, 1.90], P<0.000 01); for the patients upper age limit 55-60 years old, gastrodin group was better than western medicine group(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.16, 1.38], P<0.000 01).(2)Effective rate based on dosage form, both the gastrodin capsules and injection groups were better than western medicine group(RR_(capsules)=1.42, 95%CI[1.08, 1.88], P=0.01; RR_(injection)=1.50, 95%CI[1.26, 1.77], P<0.000 01). GRADE evaluation showed that the above outcomes had low quality of evidence. Only one article detailed the occurrence of adverse reactions and thus the present study cannot make a positive conclusion on the safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache. The small number and low quality of the included reports affected the reliability of the results. In the future, more high-quality randomized controlled trails are needed to improve the evaluation on the efficacy and safety of gastrodin in the treatment of tension-type headache.

Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Benzyl Alcohols/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Glucosides , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888163


To evaluate the application of outcome indicators in randomized controlled trials(RCTs) concerning the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH) with traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in recent five years, so as to provide a basis for the study of core outcome set(COS) for TCM intervention in TTH. The RCTs on TCM treatment of TTH in recent five years were systematically retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBM, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and China Clinical Trial Registry. After literature screening, data extraction and evaluation of the risk of bias, the outcome indicators in the included RCTs were subjected to qualitative analysis. The preliminary search yielded 19 042 articles, and 10 983 were left after the elimination of duplication. Finally, 52 RCTs(48 in Chinese and 4 in English) were included for qualitative analysis. The outcome indicators of RCTs included in this study were classified into seven domains: TCM syndrome, symptom and sign, physical and chemical detection, quality of life, long-term prognosis, economic evaluation, and safety event. The findings demonstrated that headache characteristic index in the symptom and sign domain was the index with the highest reporting frequency and reporting rate. Seventeen RCTs used TCM syndrome score as the outcome indicator. Further analysis revealed that there existed such problems in research design as non-distinction between primary and secondary outcome indicators, great difference in the adopted measurement tools for outcome indicators, and the neglect of measurement time of outcome indicators. Moreover, the syndrome indicators reflecting TCM advantages, objective evaluation indicators, safety and health-economic indicators were lacking. These limitations have affected the quality and reliability of RCTs on TTH treatment with TCM. It is suggested that the efficacy and characteristics of TCM should be combined into current clinical research, and the COS in RCTs regarding TCM treatment of TTH should be established according to internationally recognized standard procedures.

Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921816


In this study, the evidence mapping methodology was used to systematically retrieve and sort out the clinical research evidence of Chinese patent medicines in the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH), and to understand the distribution of evidence in this field and the basis and quality of evidence. Chinese and English articles on the 28 Chinese patent medicines for TTH, which were recorded in National Essential Medicines List(2018), Medicine Catalogue for National Basic Medical Insurance, Work Injury Insurance, and Maternity Insurance(2020), and Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020), were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, China Biology Medicine disc(CBMdisc), PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library from the establishment to June 2021, followed by descriptive analysis. Then, tables and bubble charts were plotted to analyze the distribution characteristics of evidence. A total of 129 eligible articles were yielded: 126 randomized/non-randomized controlled trials, and 3 systematic reviews. The functions, indications, and composition of the 28 medicines, as well as the proportion of related articles, publication trends, intervention measures, and outcome indicators were compared and analyzed. The results showed that the 28 Chinese patent medicines, composed of 128 Chinese medicinals, can be classified into six categories in terms of function: reinforcing healthy Qi, tranquilizing mind, dispelling stasis, regulating Qi, treating wind, and resuscitating. There are ongoing efforts to study the treatment of TTH with Chinese patent medicine in China, despite of little evidence. The clinical positioning of Chinese patent medicine for TTH is not clear, and clinical research fails to highlight the advantages of Chinese medicine. In addition, the outcome indicators have not been standardized and unified, and there is a lack of evidence on the long-term efficacy of Chinese patent medicine for TTH. This study is the first exploratory application of evidence maps to compare the characteristics and clinical research progress of 28 Chinese patent medicines for TTH, which can provide a reference for research on the optimization of Chinese medicine strategies for TTH.

Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Asian People , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Tension-Type Headache
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885981


Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of acupuncture plus auricular point sticking for tension-type headache (TTH). Methods: A total of 90 TTH patients were divided into an acupuncture group, an auricular point sticking group and an observation group by random number table method, with 30 cases in each group. Patients in the observation group received acupuncture plus auricular point sticking for treatment, while those in the acupuncture group only received acupuncture and those in the auricular point sticking group only received auricular point sticking for treatment. The headache attack frequency and the scores of visual analog scale (VAS), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were observed before treatment, after treatment and 3 months after treatment. The clinical efficacy was evaluated at the follow-up of 3 months after treatment. Results: At follow-up, there were significant differences in clinical efficacy among the three groups (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the clinical efficacy ranking from high to low was the observation group, the acupuncture group and the auricular point sticking group. After treatment and at follow-up, the VAS score, headache attack frequency, SAS and SDS scores in the three groups were significantly lower than those before treatment (all P<0.01). The above four results in the observation group were lower than those in the acupuncture group and the auricular point sticking group at the same time point (all P<0.01); VAS score in the acupuncture group was lower than that in the auricular point sticking group (both P<0.05). At follow-up, the headache frequency in the acupuncture group was lower than that in the auricular point sticking group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Either using acupuncture and auricular point sticking together or separately can reduce the headache degree of TTH patients, reduce the number of headache attacks, and relieve anxiety and depression. The efficacy of acupuncture plus auricular point sticking is most significant.

Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(11): 695-699, Nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142361


ABSTRACT Background: Primary headaches, and particularly migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) as well as hypothyroidism are common medical conditions. To date, numerous studies have suggested a possible bidirectional relationship between migraine and hypothyroidism, although certain studies had contradictory results. Objective: To investigate whether there is any association between primary headache subtypes and thyroid disorders. Methods: A retrospective study of consecutive patients aged ≥18 years referred to the Headache Outpatient Clinic of Aeginition Hospital and diagnosed with primary headache and any thyroid disorder. Results: Out of 427 patients (males/females=76/351), 253 (59.3%) were diagnosed with migraine without aura, 53 (12.4%) with TTH, 49 (11.5%) with migraine with aura, 29 (6.8%) with medication-overuse headache, 23 (5.4%) with mixed-type headache (migraine with/without aura and TTH), nine (2.1%) with cluster headache, and 11 (2.6%) with other types of primary headaches. The prevalence of any type of thyroid disorder was 20.8% (89/427 patients). In the total sample, 27 patients (6.3%) reported hypothyroidism, 18 (4.2%) unspecified thyroidopathy, 14 (3.3%) thyroid nodules, 12 (2.8%) Hashimoto thyroiditis, 12 (2.8%) thyroidectomy, three (0.7%) thyroid goiter, and three (0.7%) hyperthyroidism. Further statistical analysis between categorical variables did not reveal any significant association between headache subtypes and thyroid dysfunction. Conclusions: No specific association was found between primary headache subtypes and specific thyroid disorder. However, a high prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in general and specifically hypothyroidism was demonstrated among patients with primary headaches, which lays the foundation for further clarification in prospective longitudinal studies.

RESUMO Introdução: Cefaleias primárias e, particularmente, enxaqueca e cefaleia do tipo tensional (CTT), bem como hipotiroidismo, constituem condições médicas comuns. Até o momento, vários estudos sugeriram uma possível relação bidirecional entre enxaqueca e hipotireoidismo, embora alguns estudos tenham resultados contraditórios. Objetivo: Investigar se existe associação entre subtipos de cefaleia primária e distúrbios da tireoide. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de pacientes consecutivos com idade ≥18 anos encaminhados ao Ambulatório de Cefaleia do Hospital Aeginition, com diagnóstico de cefaleia primária e qualquer distúrbio da tireoide. Resultados: De 427 pacientes (homens/mulheres=76/351), 253 pacientes (59,3%) foram diagnosticados com enxaqueca sem aura, 53 (12,4%) com CTT, 49 (11,5%) com enxaqueca com aura, 29 (6,8 %) com cefaleia por uso excessivo de medicamentos, 23 (5,4%) com cefaleia mista (enxaqueca com/sem aura e CTT), nove (2,1%) com cefaleia em salvas e 11 (2,6%) com outros tipos de cefaleias primárias. A prevalência de qualquer tipo de distúrbio tireoidiano foi de 20,8% (89/427 pacientes). Na amostra total, 27 pacientes (6,3%) relataram hipotireoidismo, 18 (4,2%) tireoidopatia não especificada, 14 (3,3%) nódulos de tireoide, 12 (2,8%) tireoidite de Hashimoto, 12 (2,8%) tireoidectomia, três (0,7%) bócio da tireoide e três (0,7%) hipertireoidismo. Uma análise estatística posterior entre as variáveis categóricas não revelou qualquer associação significativa entre os subtipos de cefaleia e disfunção tireoidiana. Conclusões: Não encontramos associação entre subtipos de cefaleia primária e distúrbio específico da tireoide. No entanto, foi observada prevalência elevada de disfunção tireoidiana em geral e especificamente hipotireoidismo entre pacientes com cefaleia primária, o que estabelece base para maiores esclarecimentos em estudos longitudinais prospectivos.

Humans , Male , Tension-Type Headache/epidemiology , Headache Disorders, Primary/epidemiology , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Headache/etiology , Headache/epidemiology
Acta neurol. colomb ; 36(3): 150-167, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130709


SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Chronic daily headache is a high impact entity in the general population. Although chronic migraine and tension-type headache are the most frequent conditions, it is necessary to consider hemicrania continua and new daily persistent headache as part of the differential diagnoses to perform a correct therapeutic approach. OBJECTIVE: To make recommendations for the treatment of chronic daily headache of primary origin METHODOLOGY: The Colombian Association of Neurology, by consensus and Grade methodology (Grading of recommendations, assessment, development and evaluation), presents the recommendations for the preventive treatment of each of the entities of the daily chronic headache of primary origin group. RESULTS: For the treatment of chronic migraine, the Colombian Association of Neurology recommends onabotulinum toxin A, erenumab, topiramate, flunarizine, amitriptyline, and naratriptan. In chronic tension-type headache the recommended therapeutic options are amitriptyline, imipramine, venlafaxine and mirtazapine. Topiramate, melatonin, and celecoxib for the treatment of hemicrania continua. Options for new daily persistent headache include gabapentin and doxycycline. The recommendations for inpatient treatment of patients with chronic daily headache and the justifications for performing neural blockades as a therapeutic complement are also presented. CONCLUSION: The therapeutic recommendations for the treatment of chronic daily headache based on consensus methodology and Grade System are presented.

RESUMEN INTRODUCCIÓN: La cefalea crónica diaria es una entidad de alto impacto en la población general. Aunque la migraña crónica y la cefalea tipo tensión son las condiciones más frecuentes, es necesario considerar la hemicránea continua y la cefalea diaria persistente de novo como parte de los diagnósticos diferenciales para realizar un enfoque terapéutico correcto. OBJETIVO: Hacer recomendaciones para el tratamiento de la cefalea crónica diaria de origen primario METODOLOGÍA: La Asociación Colombiana de Neurología, mediante consenso y metodología GRADE (Grading of Reccomendations, Assesment, Development and Evaluation), presenta las recomendaciones para el tratamiento preventivo de cada una de las entidades del grupo de la cefalea crónica diaria de origen primario. RESULTADOS: Para el tratamiento de la migraña crónica, la Asociación Colombiana de Neurología recomienda onabotulinum toxina A, erenumab, galcanezumab, fremanezumab, topiramato, flunarizina, amitriptilina y naratriptan. En cefalea tipo tensional crónica las opciones terapéuticas recomendadas son amitriptilina, imipramina, venlafaxina y mirtazapina. Para el tratamiento de la hemicránea continua topiramato, melatonina y celecoxib. Las opciones para cefalea diaria persistente de novo incluyen gabapentin y doxiciclina. Se presentan adicionalmente las recomendaciones para el tratamiento intrahospitalario de los pacientes con cefalea crónica diaria y las justificaciones para la realización de bloqueos neurales como complemento terapéutico. CONCLUSIÓN: se presentan las recomendaciones terapéuticas para el tratamiento de la cefalea crónica diaria basado en metodología de consenso y sistema GRADE.

Transit-Oriented Development
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-212313


Background: Primary headache disorders including migraine and tension-type headache (TTH) are of great importance to global public health due to its high prevalence, but very few studies have been conducted to know its prevalence and pain severity of different types of primary headache. Aim of this study was to investigate the subtypes and pain severity of different types of primary headache in hospital setting.Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study with 200 sample size. Includes patients with Primary headache in department of Psychiatry, MGMMC, Indore. Patient aged between 18-65 years, both gender. Diagnosis of headache was done clinically in accordance with International Classification of Headache disorders (ICHD- 3). Semi-structured headache questionnaire, Comparative pain scale were used for assessment of samples.Results: Among 200 patients, Tension type headache was 73.5%, Migraine was 22%, Mixed headache was in 4.5% patients. Majority of migraine and mixed headache cases had severe pain at 93.2% & 55.6% respectively. Majority of TTH cases had moderate pain in 42.2% patients.Conclusions: Study has shown assessments of severity of pain, can be used to assess the impact of Primary headache on patient’s quality of life.

Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-209272


Background: Headache is the most common symptom encountered in neurology outpatient department (OPD). One-fifth of patients in neurology clinics present with headache. Headache was long been found to be associated with epilepsy, especially migraine both chronic neurologic disorders share possible clinical interrelationships. Studying their association is necessary as identification of clinical subgroups vulnerable to develop to both disorders can be made possible in the future. Aims and Objectives: The objective of the study was to analyze the characteristic features of various types of headaches in epilepsy patients and their causal association. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 epilepsy patients with headache were recruited from the OPD of the neurology department in a tertiary care center and interviewed regarding the characteristic features of headache through a questionnaire. Results: Out of our study population, female outweighs the male (53, 47). Out of all, interictal was more prevalent (57%), followed by post-ictal (48%), pre-ictal (22%), and intra-ictal (0%) among epilepsy patients. Migraine was found to be the most common type of headache in all subgroups of headaches in epilepsy patients (pre-ictal – 77% of migraine, postictal – 81% of migraine, and interictal – 61% of migraine). Associated characters of headaches such as photophobia (42%) and their prevalence are also studied. Conclusions: Stronger association between migraine and headache is validated, and the strongest associated with migraine in postictal headache is highlighted (81%). This can strengthen the theories proposed so far such as the frequent triggering of headache by a seizure. Further research on common etiologic or pathophysiological processes to these associations can lead to a common therapeutic strategy and prevention of morbidity in patients.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827083


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of miniscalpel-needle (MSN) treatment for tension-type headache (TTH).@*METHOD@#Seven medical databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effect and safety of MSN treatment. All articles published up to November 15, 2018 were retrieved. A meta-analysis was conducted for the included studies, and the risk of bias was assessed. Primary outcomes were visual analogue scale (VAS) or numeric rating scale (NRS) score. Secondary outcomes were clinical effective rates including total effective rate (TER), markedly effective rate (MER), and totally cured rate (TCR) determined by improvement in clinical symptoms or VAS scores, the frequency of adverse events (AEs) that occurred during the study, and participant quality of life (QOL).@*RESULTS@#Seven RCTs involving 724 participants were included. MSN treatment showed significantly higher MER and TCR [relative risk (RR) 1.27, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01 to 1.61; RR 1.31, 95% CI 1.09 to 1.57, respectively], but not TER (RR 1.03, 95% CI 0.96 to 1.10) compared to acupuncture. MSN treatment plus conventional treatment showed significant lower VAS and higher TER, MER, and TCR (mean difference -3.54, 95% CI -3.80 to -3.28; RR 1.14, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.23; RR 2.31, 95% CI 1.50 to 3.58; RR 3.01, 95% CI 2.25 to 4.02, respectively) compared to conventional treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#According to current evidence, MSN treatment as a monotherapy or as an adjunctive treatment to other existing treatments might have benefits on treating TTH. However, since the number and the sample size of studies included were both small and the methodological quality was poor, the findings of this review should be interpreted with great caution, and our confidence in the results is low. A high quality RCT using objective outcomes should be performed on this topic.