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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825831


Objective:To investigate the mid-and long-term clinical effects of tricuspid valvuloplasty with the implantation of an artificial plastic ring.Methods:Data of 677 patients who had functional tricuspid regurgitation and left cardiac valve disease and underwent tricuspid valvuloplasty and left cardiac valve surgery were retrospectively. Among these patients, 353 underwent simple suture annuloplasty (group A) while the rest 324 patients underwent artificial plastic ring annuloplasty (group B). The two-year and more-than-two-year clinical and ultrasonocardiograph (UCG) follow-up data of the two groups were obtained and compared.Results:A total of 600 patients (88.6%) completed the long-term follow-up (more than two years). The two-year follow-up showed no significant difference in the incidence of mild tricuspid regurgitation between the two groups (82.2% vs. 92.7%, P=0.37). However, there were significantly more cases that developed into moderate to severe tricuspid regurgitation in group A than in group B (17.8% vs. 7.3%, P=0.031). The long-term follow-up revealed that the recurrence rate of tricuspid regurgitation in group B was significantly lower than that in group A (11.0% vs. 25.0%, P=0.029), and the ratio of cases developing into moderate to severe tricuspid regurgitation in group A was significantly higher than that in group B (28.9% vs. 9.9%, P=0.007). The comparison between the two intra-group time segments showed that the development of tricuspid regurgitation in group A was significantly increased (28.9% vs. 17.8%, P=0.022), but in group B it was relatively stable (9.9% vs. 7.3%, P=0.52).Conclusions:Artificial ring annuloplasty is associated with significantly less tricuspid regurgitation than simple suture annuloplasty.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688738


A 62-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of dyspnea. Electrocardiogram showed chronic atrial fibrillation and echocardiogram revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation. His history included a motorbike accident at age 17, and a heart murmur was pointed out in the following year. He developed paroxysmal atrial fibrillation when he was 45 years old. Heart failure was not controlled by medication and tricuspid valve repair was indicated. At surgery, the anterior leaflet of tricuspid valve was widely prolapsed due to chordal rupture. We performed chordal reconstruction with 4 expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (CV-5®) sutures, and ring annuloplasty. Furthermore, a small fenestration at the tricuspid annulus was noticed and was closed with a direct suture. The biatrial modified Maze procedure was performed subsequently. The patient is doing well without TR recurrence, and restored sinus rhythm is maintained. We report successful repair of traumatic tricuspid regurgitation.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362018


Traumatic tricuspid regurgitation is a rare cardiovascular event that can follow blunt chest trauma. We report 2 cases of successful repair of traumatic tricuspid regurgitation. Case 1 : a 22-year-old man. At 18 years of age, he was involved in a falling accident. At the age of 19, he had an abnormal electrocardiogram and a cardiac murmur pointed out on a medical examination in his university. Echocardiography revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation, and he was referred to our institution for surgery. The operative findings showed some fenestrations in the anterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve. The fenestrations were sutured directly and ring annuloplasty was performed. Case 2 : a 54-year-old man. At age 18, he was involved in a falling accident. At age 31, he complained of fatigue and dyspnea. Echocardiography revealed severe tricuspid regurgitation. At age 54, liver dysfunction was discovered. He was referred to our institution for surgical treatment. In the operative findings, the chordae tendineae of the anterior and septal leaflets of the tricuspid valve were ruptured. Tricuspid valvuloplasty was performed using chordal replacement with 2 expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (CV-52<sup>®</sup>) sutures, edge-to-edge sutures and ring annuloplasty.