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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(1): 115-121, 20211217. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357590

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La disección espontánea del tronco o arteria celíaca es una emergencia vascular abdominal inusual, con una incidencia desconocida. Actualmente no existen guías o consensos para su tratamiento, el cual va desde intervenciones vasculares mayores hasta la conducta expectante. Caso clínico. Paciente masculino de 42 años sin antecedentes patológicos, con dolor abdominal intenso de un mes de evolución. Ante la sospecha clínica de patología inflamatoria se realizó una tomografía computarizada abdominal con medio de contraste, en la que se observó una disección del tronco celíaco asociada a un infarto esplénico. Se realizó manejo endovascular de forma exitosa. Discusión. La disección espontánea del tronco celíaco es una patología infrecuente, que puede presentarse en pacientes con hipertensión arterial, tabaquismo, enfermedad ateroesclerótica y vasculitis. Los síntomas más comunes son el dolor abdominal asociado a náuseas y vómito. La sospecha clínica debe ser confirmada mediante estudios imagenológicos que orienten al tratamiento conservador, endovascular o quirúrgico, ante la sospecha de infarto intestinal o ruptura arterial. Conclusiones. La disección espontánea del tronco celíaco es una patología vascular inusual que puede relacionarse con una alta mortalidad. Es importante tener siempre presente la interrelación entre la anatomía vascular abdominal, la anamnesis y el examen físico como elementos claves para realizar este diagnóstico.


Introduction. Spontaneous dissection of the celiac artery or trunk is an unusual abdominal vascular emergency, with an unknown incidence. Currently there are no guidelines or consensus for its treatment, which ranges from major vascular interventions to expectant management. Clinical case. A 42-year-old male patient with no medical history, with intense abdominal pain of one month of evolution. Given the clinical suspicion of inflammatory pathology, an abdominal computed tomography with contrast was performed, in which a dissection of the celiac trunk associated with a splenic infarction was observed. Endovascular management was performed successfully. Discussion. Spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk is an infrequent pathology, which can occur in patients with high blood pressure, smoking, atherosclerotic disease, and vasculitis. The most common symptoms are abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting. Clinical suspicion must be confirmed by imaging studies that guide conservative, endovascular or surgical treatment in the event of suspected intestinal infarction or arterial rupture. Conclusions. Spontaneous dissection of the celiac trunk is an unusual vascular pathology that can be associated with high mortality. It is important to always keep in mind the relationship between the abdominal vascular anatomy, anamnesis, and physical examination as key elements in making this diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Emergencies , Celiac Artery , Abdominal Cavity , Dissection
2.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6): 579-584, 01-dic-2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357673

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el sarcoma fibromixoide de bajo grado (LGFMS) se considera un tumor de tejidos blandos raro, que tiene tendencia a surgir del tronco y de las extremidades inferiores, su localización en el área intraabdominal se considera poco común. Objetivo: describir un caso de LGFMS primario de colon transverso perforado con metástasis hepática. Caso clínico: describimos el caso de un paciente masculino de 57 años con dolor abdominal de inicio súbito; en la cirugía se encontró un tumor con absceso y perforación en el colon transverso que infiltraba hasta la raíz del mesenterio. Se realizó hemicolectomía izquierda extendida con colostomía de colon ascendente. Más tarde, en una exploración posoperatoria, se encontró que tenía enfermedad hepática metastásica. Conclusiones: este caso es único en términos de ubicación y presentación. Es un recordatorio del diagnóstico diferencial del dolor abdominal agudo. Hasta donde sabemos, es el primer caso de LGFMS del colon con metástasis hepática sincrónica.


Background: Low grade fibromyxoid sarcoma (LGFMS) is considered a rare soft tissue tumor and has a tendency to arise from deep soft tissue of the trunk and lower extremities, the intraabdominal area is considered a rare location. Objective: To describe the first case of a LGFMS arising from the transverse colon with liver metastasis Clinical case: We describe a 57-years-old male patient with abdominal pain of sudden onset; at surgery he was found to have an abscessed tumor in the transverse colon that infiltrated to mesentery root. An extended left hemicolectomy was performed with ascending colon colostomy. Later on, a postoperative scan he was found to have metastatic liver disease Conclusions: This case is unique in terms of the location and presentation. It's a reminder of differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain. To our knowledge is the first case of a LGFMS of the colon with synchronous liver metastasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colonic Neoplasms , Intestinal Perforation , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sarcoma , Tertiary Healthcare , Colostomy , Abdominal Pain , Colectomy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Liver Diseases
3.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353121

ABSTRACT

. (AU)Acute hepatic porphyrias (AHPs) are inborn errors of hemebiosynthesis and its most common and severe type is the acute intermittent porphyria (AIP). AIP is an hereditary autosomal dominant disease caused by accumulated porphobilinogen deaminase (PBG) and delta aminolevulin acid (ALA) products. The main symptoms are severe abdominal pain, neuromuscular and psychiatric disturbances, nausea, vomiting, encephalopathy, tachycardia, seizures, tremors and hypertension, that usually are manifested by acute crises. The treatment is based on clinical management and in cases which the patient's quality of life is affected liver transplantation (LT) may be an alternative choice. We report the case of a patient with AHP presenting recurrent crisis leading to chronic symptoms occurrence and poor quality of life with progressive unresponsiveness to hemin treatment. Patient was submitted to LT as curative therapy proposal, but patient still presents some clinical manifestations that may indicate the possibility of a secondary cause to explain persistence of her symptoms despite of biochemical normalization of ALA and PBG. (AU)


As porfirias hepáticas agudas (PHA) compreendem um grupo de porfirias que apresentam erros inatos na biossíntese do grupo heme, sendo a mais severa e o tipo mais comum da PHA, a porfiria aguda intermitente (PAI). A PAI é uma doença autossômica dominante causada pelo acúmulo dos produtos porfobilinogênio deaminase (PBG) e ácido delta-aminolevulínico (ALA). Os principais sintomas são dor abdominal intensa, distúrbios neuromusculares e psiquiátricos, náuseas, vômitos, encefalopatia, taquicardia, febre, tremores e hipertensão, os quais normalmente são manifestados durante as crises agudas. O tratamento é baseado no manejo clínico de todos pacientes durante a crise. Para os casos em que a qualidade de vida do paciente é afetada negativamente, a terapêutica de transplante hepático poderá ser indicada. O objetivo do relato de caso é introduzir o tratamento de uma paciente com recorrentes crises agudas de porfiria e danos em sua qualidade de vida. Uma vez que a paciente não apresentou melhora após tratamento com hematina, foi submetida ao transplante hepático visando a cura da doença. Após o transplante, a paciente ainda apresentou alguns sintomas clínicos, necessitando reformular uma segunda hipótese para explicar a persistência de tais sintomas apesar da normalização dos níveis de ALA e PBG. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Porphobilinogen , Hydroxymethylbilane Synthase , Quality of Life , Abdominal Pain , Liver Transplantation , Porphyrias, Hepatic , Porphyria, Acute Intermittent
4.
Medisan ; 25(4)2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1340213

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente de 58 años de edad con antecedentes personales de insuficiencia cardiaca congestiva mal controlada, quien acudió a emergencias del Hospital Luis Bernaza de Guayaquil, Ecuador, por presentar dolor abdominal difuso, constipación y masa inguinoescrotal gigante. Se realizan los estudios pertinentes y se diagnostica una hernia inguinoescrotal gigante con pérdida de domicilio, sin datos de obstrucción intestinal. Se empleó la técnica de Goñi Moreno durante 12 días para aumentar el diámetro de la cavidad abdominal y regresar el contenido del saco a su lugar. Se efectuó laparotomía exploratoria y hernioplastia con resultado satisfactorio y seguimiento por consulta externa durante 2 meses, sin alteraciones.


The case report of a 58 years patient with personal history of a poor controlled congestive heart failure is described, who went to the emergency service of Luis Bernaza Hospital in Guayaquil, Ecuador, due to a diffuse abdominal pain, constipation and giant inguinoescrotal mass. The pertinent studies were carried out and a giant inguinoescrotal hernia is diagnosed with home loss, without data of intestinal obstruction. The Goñi Moreno technique was used during 12 days to increase the diameter of the abdominal cavity and return the content from the sack to its place. An exploratory laparotomy and hernioplastia were carried out with satisfactory result and follow up in the outpatient department during 2 months, without alterations.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Adult , Abdominal Cavity , Hernia, Inguinal/diagnosis
5.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(3): e3674, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280438

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Síndrome de la Arteria Mesentérica Superior es causa poco frecuente de obstrucción duodenal. Los síntomas varían desde una obstrucción leve hasta emergencias agudas. El examen físico no siempre ayuda al diagnóstico, que se basa en los hallazgos imagenológicos. Objetivo: preconizar, recomendar el uso de las técnicas mínimamente invasivas en el manejo quirúrgico del Síndrome de la Arteria Mesentérica Superior. Presentación del caso: Mujer de 49 años de edad, antecedentes de pérdida de peso después de quimioterapia con náuseas, vómitos y dolor abdominal posprandial de dos años de evolución. Tratada exitosamente con duodenoyeyunostomía laparoscópica. El tratamiento inicial suele ser conservador. Publicaciones recientes respaldan que la duodenoyeyunostomía laparoscópica es un método seguro y efectivo para su tratamiento. Conclusiones: El tratamiento quirúrgico es cada vez más exitoso, la mayoría de los pacientes no presenta síntomas después de la cirugía(AU)


Introduction: Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome is an uncommon cause of duodenal obstruction. Symptoms may vary from mild obstruction to acute life-threatening emergencies. Physical examination does not always help in establishing the diagnosis which is based on findings from imaging studies. Objective: To recommend the laparoscopic approach for the surgical treatment of this entity. Case presentation: A 49-year old female patient with prior history of weight loss after chemotherapy and a two-year history of postprandial nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain who was successfully treated by laparoscopic duodenojejunostomy is presented. Discussion: Initial treatment is usually conservative. Recently published studies support that laparoscopic duodenojejunostomy is a safe and effective method of treatment. Conclusions: Surgical treatment is becoming more successful and the majority of patients are symptom-free after surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome/therapy , Abdominal Pain , Drug Therapy , Duodenal Obstruction/complications , Weight Loss , Duodenoscopy/methods
6.
Iatreia ; 34(2): 116-123, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250062

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar el rendimiento diagnóstico de la tomografía abdominal sin medio de contraste oral en pacientes con dolor abdominal. Materiales y métodos: se incluyeron tomografías de pacientes con dolor abdominal entre el 1 de septiembre y 31 de diciembre del 2015 en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación. Se analizó el desempeño de las tomografías con o sin contraste oral y se consideró como prueba de referencia el resultado diagnóstico definitivo en la intervención quirúrgica o por diagnóstico clínico. Se calculó la sensibilidad, especificidad y los valores predictivos positivos y negativos con intervalos de confianza del 95 %. Resultados: fueron evaluadas un total de 128 tomografías de abdomen, 91 con contraste oral y 37 sin él. La tomografía sin contraste oral tuvo una sensibilidad y especificidad muy similar a la que sí lo tenía, con valores de 84 % y 91,6 %, respectivamente. Conclusión: el rendimiento global de la tomografía con contraste oral fue similar a la que no lo tenía, con valores cercanos al 90 %. La adquisición de la tomografía con contraste oral tomó casi 3 veces más tiempo que el requerido en los estudios sin contraste oral.


SUMMARY Objective: Evaluate the diagnostic performance of abdominal tomography without oral contrast medium in patients with abdominal pain. Materials and methods: Abdominal tomographies of patients with abdominal pain were included, between September 1 and December 31, 2015 at the Hospital Universitario San Vicente Fundación. For the analysis of the tomographies with or without oral contrast, the definitive diagnostic result in the surgical intervention or by clinical diagnosis was considered as a reference test. We calculated the sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative predictive values with their respective 95% confidence intervals for tomography with and without oral contrast. Results: 128 abdominal tomographies, 91 with oral contrast and 37 without this type of contrast were evaluated. The tomography without oral contrast had a sensitivity and specificity very similar to the tomography with contrast, with values of 84% and 91.6%, respectively. Conclusion: The performance of the tomography with oral contrast was similar to the tomography without oral contrast, with values close to 90%. The acquisition of tomography with oral contrast took almost 3 times longer than that required in the studies without oral contrast.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Contrast Media , Tomography
7.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3249-3256, mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251942

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El Blastocystis sp. es un parásito frecuente en el humano, identificado por el laboratorio en muestras de heces fecales. Se presentó el caso de un paciente de 5 años atendido en consulta de Gastroenterología en el Hospital Pediátrico Docente Provincial Eliseo Noel Caamaño, de Matanzas, por presentar dolor abdominal, heces pastosas, náuseas y vómitos desde hacía un año. Llevó tratamiento con ranitidina, omeprazol y domperidona, sin mejoría clínica. Se realizó estudio coproparasitológico en muestras de heces fecales seriadas, con la presencia del Blastocystis hominis. Se indicó tratamiento con metronidazol, sin mejoría clínica, y posteriormente se indicó como alternativa la nitazoxanida. Se evaluó a los 15 días, sin sintomatología y con negativización de las heces fecales seriadas. Resulta frecuente el desconocimiento y la poca importancia que los profesionales sanitarios muestran ante esta infestación, aunque cada vez más se confirma la participación del parásito en manifestaciones clínicas (AU).


ABSTRACT Blastocystis sp. is a frequent parasite in humans, identified in the laboratory in samples of fecal feces. The case of a 5-year-old patient is presented; he assisted the consultation of Gastroenterology in the Provincial Teaching Pediatric Hospital Eliseo Noel Caamaño in Matanzas, suffering abdominal pain, mash feces, nauseas and vomits for one year, and was treated with ranitidine, omeprazole and domperidone without clinical improvement. A coproparasitological study was carried out in serial fecal feces samples with the presence of Blastocystis hominis. Treatment with metronidazole was indicated without clinical improvement and them, as an alternative, nitazoxanide was indicated. He was evaluated at 15 days without symptoms and with negative serial fecal feces. The ignorance and the little importance that health professionals show towards this infestation are frequent, although more and more frequently it is confirmed the participation of the parasite in clinical manifestations (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Abdominal Pain/diagnosis , Child , Blastocystis hominis/pathogenicity , Signs and Symptoms , Specimen Handling/methods , Clinical Diagnosis , Feces/parasitology , Gastroenterology , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/complications
8.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 102-106, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251556

ABSTRACT

Resumen La macroamilasemia debe sospecharse en todo paciente con aumento catalítico de amilasa α plasmática persistente y sin clínica de dolor abdominal, descartando otras etiologías de patología pancreáticas y extrapancreática. La macroamilasemia se caracteriza por la unión de complejos de amilasa α con inmunoglobulina, más frecuente inmunoglobulina A; pueden presentarse 3 tipos de macroamilasemia. Es importante realizar el diagnóstico diferencial de otras patologías que puedan causar el aumento de la amilasa y así evitar los procedimientos innecesarios. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de 53 años, de sexo femenino, que ingresó a emergencia por clínica de dolor abdominal y hiperamilasemia, que fue diagnosticada inicialmente de pancreatitis aguda.


Abstract Macroamylasemia should be suspected in any patient with a persistent catalytic increase of plasma α-amylase but no other clinical signs of abdominal pain after ruling out other causes of pancreatic and extra-pancreatic disease. The binding of α-amylase complexes with immunoglobulin, most commonly immunoglobulin A, characterizes this condition. Macroamylasemia is classified into three kinds. To prevent unnecessary procedures, it is critical to make a differential diagnosis of other conditions that can cause amylase increase. The present article reports the case of a 53-year-old female patient who was admitted to the emergency room with abdominal pain and hyperamylasemia, who was initially diagnosed with acute pancreatitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Hyperamylasemia , Pancreatitis , Immunoglobulins , Abdominal Pain , Amylases
9.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 85(2): 41-45, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288198

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pancreatitis aguda es una patología inflamatoria del páncreas que se caracteriza por dolor abdominal y elevación de los niveles séricos de amilasa. Desde el punto de vista imagenológico, se la estudia con tomografía computada (TC), siendo esa la modalidad de elección para evaluar la extensión y la localización de las complicaciones. Según la gravedad, el tiempo de evolución y la extensión, hay distintos tipos de complicaciones y una variedad de hallazgos en TC.


Abstract Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory pathology of the pancreas characterized by abdominal pain and elevated levels of serum amylase. In radiology, it is studied with computed tomography (CT), which is the preferred method to evaluate the extent and location of complications. Depending on the severity, time of evolution, and extent, there are different types of complications and a variety of findings on the CT scan.


Subject(s)
Pancreas , Pancreatitis , Tomography , Pathology , Radiology , Time , Abdominal Pain , Lifting , Serum , Selection of the Waste Treatment Site , Gravitation , Amylases , Methods
10.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1065, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289374

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tumor estromal gastrointestinal es la neoplasia mesenquimal más frecuente en el tracto digestivo, su diagnóstico y tratamiento aun es controvertido por ser infrecuente. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes con tumores estromales gastrointestinales atendidos en nuestro servicio. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo longitudinal en pacientes con tumores estromales gastrointestinales atendidos en el servicio de cirugía del Hospital Clínico-Quirúrgico "Arnaldo Milián Castro" desde 2015 hasta 2018. La muestra fue de 17 pacientes. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes entre 60 y 69 años (35,3 por ciento) del sexo femenino (58,82 por ciento). El dolor abdominal como síntoma más frecuente (58,82 por ciento). El (47,1 por ciento) de los tumores midieron más de 10 cm, celularidad fusiforme (58,8 por ciento), índice mitótico menor de 5 (70,6 por ciento), sin patrón de crecimiento infiltrante (70,6 por ciento). La metástasis ausente en el (82,4 por ciento). Presente con igual frecuencia en estómago e intestino delgado (N = 8), fue igual la presencia de comportamiento agresivo bajo y alto (35,3 por ciento). Predominaron los marcadores CD.117 (41,2 por ciento) y CD.34 (35,3 por ciento). La recesión segmentaria de intestino delgado con anastomosis término-terminal fue la técnica quirúrgica más empleada (35,3 por ciento). Conclusiones: A pesar de ser mayormente grandes y encontrarse en porciones altas del tubo digestivo, muchos presentaron índice mitótico bajo, no obstante, un grupo considerable presentó comportamiento agresivo. Si bien es cierto que casi la totalidad de pacientes egresaron vivos, falta un seguimiento en el centro, lo cual resultaría interesante evaluar en futuros estudios(AU)


Introduction: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor is the most frequent mesenchymal neoplasm in the digestive tract, its diagnosis and treatment is still controversial because it is infrequent. Objective: To characterize the patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated in our service. Methods: A longitudinal descriptive observational study was carried out in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors treated in the surgery service of the "Arnaldo Milián Castro" Clinical-Surgical Hospital from 2015 to 2018. The sample consisted of 17 patients. Results: Female patients between 60 and 69 years old (35.3 percent) predominated (58.82 percent). Abdominal pain as the most frequent symptom (58.82 percent). Tumors (47.1 percent) measured more than 10 cm, spindle cell cellularity (58.8 percent), mitotic index less than 5 (70.6 percent), and no infiltrative growth pattern (70.6 percent). Metastasis absent in (82.4 percent). Present with equal frequency in the stomach and small intestine (N = 8), the presence of low and high aggressive behavior (35.3 percent) was the same. The markers CD.117 (41.2 percent) and CD.34 (35.3 percent) predominated. Segmental recession of the small intestine with end-to-end anastomosis was the most widely used surgical technique (35.3 percent). Conclusions: Despite being mostly large and found in high portions of the digestive tract, many presented a low mitotic index, however, a considerable group presented aggressive behavior. Although it is true that almost all the patients were discharged alive, there is a lack of follow-up at the center, which would be interesting to evaluate in future studies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Abdominal Pain , Aftercare , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Longitudinal Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
11.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 120-126, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248995

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a complex gastrointestinal disorder, whose understanding is relatively uncertain, and the treatment guidance decision still represents a challenge. OBJECTIVE: To identify and critically appraise systematic reviews (SRs) published in the Cochrane Database of SRs (CDSR) on the effects of interventions (pharmacological and non-pharmacological) for the treatment of IBS. METHODS: The search was conducted at the Cochrane Library in May 2020. The methodological quality of the SRs was evaluated by the AMSTAR-2 tool. RESULTS: Eight SRs with moderate to high quality were included, which addressed the treatments: (a) pharmacological: volume agents, antispasmodics, antidepressants and tegaserod; and (b) non-pharmacological: homeopathy, acupuncture, phytotherapy, biofeedback, psychological interventions and hypnotherapy. The results were favorable to antispasmodic drugs and antidepressants regarding the improvement of clinical symptoms. There was no difference between volume agents or tegaserod when compared to placebo. Acupuncture and homeopathy showed a little improvement in symptoms compared to placebo, but the certainty of this evidence was considered low to very low. Psychological interventions seem to improve the overall assessment of the patient and relief symptoms such as abdominal pain. However, there was no long-term follow-up of these patients. The results of the other treatments were considered uncertain due to the high risk of bias. CONCLUSION: Considering the low quality of the studies included in the SRs, pharmacological treatment with antispasmodics and antidepressants seems to be beneficial for patients with IBS. Among non-pharmacological interventions, psychological interventions seem to be beneficial. However, further clinical trials are recommended with greater methodological rigor to prove these findings.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A síndrome do intestino irritável (SII) é um distúrbio gastrointestinal complexo, cujo entendimento é relativamente incerto e a decisão de orientação do tratamento ainda representa um desafio. OBJETIVO: Identificar e avaliar criticamente as revisões sistemáticas (RSs) publicadas na base de dados de RSs Cochrane (CDSR) sobre os efeitos das intervenções (farmacológicas e não farmacológicas) para o tratamento da SII. MÉTODOS: A busca foi realizada na Biblioteca Cochrane em maio de 2020. A qualidade metodológica das RSs foi avaliada pela ferramenta AMSTAR-2. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídas oito RSs com qualidade moderada a alta, as quais abordaram os tratamentos: (a) farmacológico - agentes de volume, antiespasmódicos, antidepressivos e o tegaserod; e (b) não farmacológico - homeopatia, acupuntura, fitoterapia, biofeedback, intervenções psicológicas e hipnoterapia. Os resultados foram favoráveis aos medicamentos antiespasmódicos e antidepressivos em relação à melhora dos sintomas clínicos. Não houve diferença entre os agentes de volume ou tegaserod quando comparados ao placebo. Acupuntura e homeopatia apresentaram pequena melhora dos sintomas em comparação ao placebo, porém a qualidade da evidência foi considerada baixa a muito baixa. As intervenções psicológicas parecem melhorar a avaliação global do paciente e alívio de sintomas como dor abdominal. Contudo, não houve acompanhamento desses pacientes a longo prazo. Os resultados dos demais tratamentos foram considerados incertos devido ao alto risco de viés. CONCLUSÃO: Considerando a baixa qualidade dos estudos incluídos nas RSs, o tratamento farmacológico com antiespasmódicos e antidepressivos parece ser benéfico para os pacientes com SII. Entre os não-farmacológicos, as intervenções psicológicas parecem obter benefícios. Entretanto, novos ensaios clínicos são recomendados com maior rigor metodológico para comprovar estes achados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/drug therapy , Abdominal Pain , Phytotherapy
12.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 30-38, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251519

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la pancreatitis crónica (PC) es una inflamación progresiva del páncreas que puede llevar a su destrucción e insuficiencia irreversibles. Es una patología desafiante para el médico, debido a que establecer su diagnóstico puede tomar meses e incluso años, el seguimiento de pacientes suele ser problemático y el conocimiento sobre la clínica y epidemiología en Colombia es incompleto. Este estudio pretende hacer una descripción de pacientes con PC en un centro de referencia en gastroenterología de Cali, Colombia. Metodología: estudio de corte transversal de pacientes adultos con PC confirmada por criterios clínicos y radiológicos entre 2011 y 2017. Resultados: se incluyeron 36 pacientes con PC. La mayoría fueron hombres (72,2%) y la media de edad fue 56 (+ 15,1) años. El dolor abdominal crónico fue la presentación clínica más común (83,3%). Cerca de un cuarto de pacientes presentaba diabetes mellitus (22,2%). Se consideró etiología idiopática en 58,3%, alcohólica en el 11,0% y biliar en el 11,0%. La tomografía axial computarizada (TAC), resonancia magnética (RMN) y colangiopancreatografía por RMN fueron los métodos diagnósticos más usados (60,5%), con los que en su mayoría se visualizó atrofia (53,1%), dilatación de conductos (49,0%) y calcificaciones del páncreas (34,7%). Conclusión: los síntomas inespecíficos de la PC en fases iniciales y su largo curso clínico favorecen al subdiagnóstico de esta patología. Los resultados presentados pueden contribuir a la futura creación de escalas clínicas locales que orienten estudios radiológicos y genéticos tempranos, con el fin de lograr un diagnóstico oportuno y mejorar la calidad de vida de estos pacientes.


Abstract Introduction: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a progressive inflammation of the pancreas that can lead to irreversible damage and failure. This condition poses great challenges to physicians since its diagnosis can take months or even years. Patient follow-up is often problematic and knowledge about its clinical presentation and epidemiology in Colombia is scarce. This study aims to describe patients with CP treated at a gastroenterology reference center in Cali, Colombia. Methodology: Cross-sectional study in adult patients with CP confirmed based on clinical and radiological criteria between 2011 and 2017. Results: 36 patients with CP were included. The majority were men (72.2%), and the mean age was 56 (+15.1) years. Chronic abdominal pain was the most common clinical presentation (83.3%). About a quarter of patients had diabetes mellitus (22.2%). Etiology was idiopathic in 58.3%, alcoholic in 11.0%, and biliary in 11.0%. Computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and MRI cholangiopancreatography were the most commonly used diagnostic methods (60.5%), showing mostly atrophy (53.1%), duct dilation (49.0%), and pancreatic calcifications (34.7%). Conclusion: Nonspecific symptoms of CP in early stages and its long clinical course favor the underdiagnosis of this condition. The results presented may contribute to the future creation of local clinical scales that guide early radiological and genetic studies to achieve a timely diagnosis and improve the quality of life of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Abdominal Pain , Epidemiology , Pancreatitis, Chronic , Patients , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Tomography , Diagnosis , Forecasting , Hospitals
13.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1020, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289371

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de colon se erige como la neoplasia del tubo digestivo más frecuente en la presente centuria. Objetivo: Identificar algunos factores clínicos, epidemiológicos y diagnósticos en pacientes operados de cáncer de colon con metástasis hepática sincrónica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal de una muestra de 31 pacientes operados con diagnóstico definitivo de cáncer de colon con metástasis hepática sincrónica, en el servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Provincial Docente "Saturnino Lora" de Santiago de Cuba durante el periodo comprendido entre 2010 y 2019. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 63,2 años. Existió predominio de la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal como antecedente patológico personal, y del alcoholismo como factor de riesgo. La sintomatología predominante fue dolor abdominal y cambios del hábito intestinal, así como el tumor palpable al examen físico del abdomen. La ecografía abdominal y el colon por enema fueron los procederes de diagnóstico más utilizados. Prevalecieron los tumores en el colon izquierdo a nivel del descendente. Todos los tumores malignos fueron adenocarcinomas a predominio de los moderadamente diferenciados. Conclusiones: Las edades avanzadas de la vida, así como la presencia de tabaquismo y alcoholismo son factores epidemiológicos característicos de la población de enfermos aquejados de cáncer de colon con metástasis hepática. Los elementos clínicos identificados constituyeron los habitualmente descritos en la literatura médica, aunque los estudios imaginológicos utilizados preoperatoriamente resultaron limitados para el diagnóstico del cáncer de colon con metástasis hepática sincrónica, precisándose el hallazgo de las lesiones metastásicas durante la intervención quirúrgica(AU)


Introduction: Colon cancer is the most frequent digestive-tract neoplasm in the present century. Objective: To identify some clinical, epidemiological and diagnostic factors in patients operated on for colon cancer and synchronic hepatic metastasis. Methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in a sample of 31 patients operated on with a definitive diagnosis of colon cancer and synchronic hepatic metastasis, in the general surgery service of Saturnino Provincial Teaching Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, during the period between 2010 and 2019. Results: The average age was 63.2 years. There was a predominance of inflammatory intestinal disease as a personal pathological antecedent, as well as alcoholism as a risk factor. The predominant symptoms were abdominal pain and changes in intestinal habits, as well as a tumor palpable on physical abdominal examination. Abdominal ultrasound and lower barium enema were the most used diagnostic procedures. Tumors prevailed at the level of the left descending colon. All malignant tumors were adenocarcinomas, predominantly moderately differentiated ones. Conclusions: Advanced ages of life, as well as smoking and alcoholism are characteristic epidemiological factors among the population of patients suffering from colon cancer with hepatic metastases. The clinical elements identified were those usually described in the medical literature, although the imaging studies used preoperatively were limited for the diagnosis of colon cancer with synchronic hepatic metastasis, a fact that required finding metastatic lesions during surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Abdominal Pain/etiology , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Epidemiologic Factors , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
14.
Arch. med ; 21(1): 257-265, 2021/01/03.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148454

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: el objetivo de este estudio fue describir los casos de pacientes con dolor abdominal y diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19. En países de Latinoamérica la pandemia ha tenido un gran impacto por el alto índice de mortalidad. Ecuador es el quinto país más afectado en la región en número de casos confirmados con una tasa de 223 fallecidos por cada millón de habitantes, ubicándose en el primer lugar de letalidad. En la población pediátrica el comportamiento del COVID-19 sigue siendo inespecífico. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo en el cual se incluyó a todos los pacientes menores de 18 años exceptuando neonatos, que ingresaron por dolor abdominal a un hospital pediátrico de la ciudad de Guayaquil entre los meses de abril y mayo de 2020 y obtuvieron diagnóstico confirmado COVID-19. Resultados: fueron incluidos 30 pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19 y dolor abdominal. La edad promedio fue 8,46 años a predomino del sexo masculino (70%). En la valoración del dolor 19 (63%) tuvieron un EVA moderado-severo y 11 (37%) EVA leve. 7 pacientes (23.33%) requirieron intervención quirúrgica, 21 (70%) necesitaron de unidad de cuidados críticos, y 1 (3.33%) falleció.Conclusiones: el dolor abdominal constituye un desafío diagnóstico en este tiempo de pandemia y debería ser considerado dentro de las posibles manifestaciones clínicas de COVID-19 en la población pediátrica..Au


Objective: the objective of this study was to describe the cases of paediatric patients with abdominal pain and confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19. In Latin American countries the pandemic has had a major impact from the high mortality rate. Ecuador is the fifth most affected country with a rate of 223 deaths per million inhabitants, ranking at the top of the fatality. In the paediatric population, the behavior of COVID-19 remains nonspecific. Materials and methods: an observational, descriptive and retrospective study was conducted, in which patients under the age of 18 were included except for newborns, admitted by abdominal pain and who obtained a confirmed diagnosis COVID-19. Results: 30 patients with confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 and abdominal pain were included. The average age was 8.46 years at the predomin of the male sex (70%). In the pain assessment 19 (63%) had a moderate-severe EVA and 11 (37%) Mild EVA. 7 (23.33%) required surgery, 21 (70%) needed a critical care unit, and 1 (3.33%) Died. Conclusions: abdominal pain is a diagnostic challenge in this time of pandemic and should be considered within the possible clinical manifestations of COVID-19 in the paediatric population..Au


Subject(s)
Child , Pediatrics , Abdominal Pain , Coronavirus Infections
15.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 5, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152733

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Abdominal symptoms in patients with primary Sjögren syndrome (pSS) are poorly documented. The objective of the study was to describe the abdominal symptoms of patients with pSS and to assess their association with characteristics of the disease. Methods: One hundred and fifty patients with pSS were evaluated using a composite global symptom score for abdominal symptoms and their severity. Data concerning the clinical and biological characteristics of pSS and abdominal disorders were also collected. Results: Of the patients with pSS, 95% suffered from abdominal symptoms (median global symptom score 7.5 ±5.5 points out of 30). More than half of the patients experienced abdominal tension (68%), upper abdominal pain (54%), abdominal discomfort (58%) and/or constipation (54%). Regarding the pSS activity, in relation to European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Sjogren syndrome disease activity index score items, general and central nervous system involvement wereassociated with a high global symptom score. The EULAR Sjogren Syndrome Patient Reported Index (ESSPRI) symptom score was positively correlated with the global symptom score (p < 0.01). Multivariate analysis showed a significant association between a high global symptom score and SSA seronegativity, gastroparesis, and ESSPRI score (p < 0.01 for each). Conclusions: The majority of patients with pSS suffered abdominal symptoms. There is currently no therapeutic recommendation because of the lack of information on the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Trial registration: NCT03157011. Date of registration: July 17, 2017.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Sjogren's Syndrome/etiology , Abdominal Pain , Gastroparesis/etiology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922616

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory myofibroblastoma (IMT) is a rare solid tumor, and its etiology and pathogenesis are unclear. Crohn's disease is a non-specific intestinal inflammatory disease. The clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations, and imaging examinations of IMT are not specific, making diagnosis difficult. A case of Crohn's disease combined with IMT of abdominal wall was admitted to the Department of Gastroenterology at the Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, on Nov. 21, 2017. This patient was admitted to our hospital because of repeated right lower abdominal pain for 4 years. A 6 cm×5 cm mass was palpated in the right lower abdomen. After completing the transanal double-balloon enteroscopy and computed tomographic enterography for the small intestinal, the cause was still unidentified. The patient underwent surgery due to an abdominal wall mass with intestinal fistula on Sept. 12, 2018 and recovered well currently. According to histopathology and immunohistochemistry, he was diagnosed with Crohn's disease combined with IMT. Up to July 2020, the patients still took azathioprine regularly, without abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and other discomfort, and the quality of his life was good.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Abdominal Wall/surgery , Crohn Disease/complications , Humans , Intestine, Small , Male , Neoplasms, Muscle Tissue/surgery
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922406

ABSTRACT

A boy, aged 17 years, was admitted again due to abdominal pain, diarrhea, and eosinophilia for 3 years, which worsened for 3 days. Three years ago, the boy suffered from abdominal pain and diarrhea after eating yogurt; color Doppler ultrasound showed a large amount of peritoneal effusion, and routine blood test, bone marrow cell morphology, and ascites histological examination showed a large number of eosinophils. Three days ago, he was admitted again due to abdominal pain and diarrhea. The gastrointestinal endoscopy showed eosinophil infiltration in the angle of stomach. The boy was diagnosed with eosinophilic gastrointestinal disease (eosinophilic gastroenteritis). He was improved after the treatment with glucocorticoids and dietary avoidance, and no recurrence was observed during the one-year follow-up. It is concluded that for children who attend the hospital due to gastrointestinal symptoms such as abdominal pain and diarrhea, if there is an increase in peripheral blood eosinophils, it is necessary to consider the possibility of eosinophilic gastrointestinal disease, and eosinophil infiltration and abnormal eosinophil count in gastrointestinal tissue based on endoscopic biopsy may be the key to diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain/etiology , Ascitic Fluid , Enteritis , Eosinophilia/etiology , Gastritis , Humans , Male
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879852

ABSTRACT

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common functional gastrointestinal disease in children and has the clinical manifestations of recurrent abdominal pain with the changes in defecation frequency or stool form. Many studies have shown that children with IBS have a significantly lower vitamin D level than the healthy population, and vitamin D supplementation can significantly improve the clinical symptoms and quality of life of the children, suggesting that vitamin D supplementation may play a role in the treatment of IBS. This article reviews the association between vitamin D and IBS in children and elaborates on the possible mechanism of action of vitamin D.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Child , Diarrhea , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency
19.
Repert. med. cir ; 30(2): 156-162, 2021. ilus., tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362728

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: La tuberculosis es un grave problema de salud pública más acentuado en los países en desarrollo. De las manifestaciones extrapulmonares las que comprometen la cavidad abdominal están dentro de las menos frecuentes y se asocian con factores de predisposición específica. Se requiere un alto nivel de sospecha diagnóstica en el abordaje inicial de esta enfermedad. Presentamos el caso de un adulto masculino sin condiciones de predisposición quien consultó por un cuadro de dolor abdominal crónico y los estudios complementarios manifestaron una tuberculosis peritoneal con compromiso pleural sin síntomas respiratorios.


Objetive: Tuberculosis is a serious public health problem most prevalent in developing countries. Of extrapulmonary manifestations, those involving the abdominal cavity are among the least frequent and are associated with specific predisposing factors. A high level of diagnostic suspicion is required in the initial approach of this disease. We present the case of a male adult patient with no predisposing conditions who consulted for chronic abdominal pain. The complementary studies evidenced peritoneal tuberculosis with pleural involvement with no respiratory symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Peritonitis, Tuberculous , Abdominal Pain , Tuberculosis, Pleural , Laparoscopy
20.
Rev. venez. cir ; 74(2): 51-54, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1369845

ABSTRACT

El íleo biliar es una complicación poco frecuente de la colelitiasis o colecistitis litiásica, aparece en menos del 1-3% de los pacientes con estas enfermedades, se define como una obstrucción intestinal mecánica debido a la impactación de uno o más cálculos biliares dentro del tracto gastrointestinal. Ubicaciones menos comunes incluyen estómago y duodeno (síndrome de Bouveret) y el colon. El diagnóstico del síndrome de Bouveret (SB) suele iniciar con una radiografía simple de abdomen; la ecografía abdominal confirma el síndrome de Bouveret si revela neumobilia y ubicación ectópica del cálculo biliar, sin embargo, en la mayoría de los casos se necesita una tomografía computarizada que permite una evaluación completa.Caso Clínico : Se presenta caso de masculino de 57 años de edad quien 8 días previo a su ingreso presenta dolor abdominal en epigastrio de moderada intensidad acompañado de pirosis, halitosis, náuseas, vómitos, intolerancia a la vía oral y ausencia de evacuaciones; acude inicialmente a gastroenterólogo que realiza endoscopia digestiva superior encontrando una imagen de obstrucción a nivel de primera porción de duodeno, motivo por el cual refiere a servicio de cirugía general donde es intervenido quirúrgicamente, se diagnostica el SB realizando gastrotomía, extracción del lito y piloroplastia, presentando adecuada evolución postoperatoria.Conclusión : El SB es un diagnóstico raro que afecta a <0,5% de los pacientes con cálculos biliares por lo que requiere un grado extremadamente alto de sospecha para el diagnóstico y puede observarse de manera incidental en estudios de imágenes en pacientes que presentan síntomas de obstrucción del vaciamiento gástrico(AU)


Biliary ileus is a rare complication of cholelithiasis or lithiasic cholecystitis, appearing in less than 1 to 3% of patients with these diseases, it is a mechanical intestinal obstruction due to the impaction of one or more gallstones within the gastrointestinal tract. Less common locations include the stomach and duodenum (Bouveret syndrome) and the colon. For the diagnosis of Bouveret's syndrome (BS) the initial step is usually a simple abdominal X-ray, while an abdominal ultrasound confirms Bouveret's syndrome if it reveals pneumobilia and ectopic location of the gallstone, in most cases a computed tomography (CT) scan is needed for diagnosis and full evaluation.Clinical Case: We present the clinical case of a 57-year-old male who 8 days prior to his admission presented with moderate intensity abdominal pain in the epigastrium accompanied by heartburn, halitosis, nausea, vomiting, intolerance to oral intake, and absence of evacuations; initially went to a gastroenterologist who performed upper digestive endoscopy, finding an image of obstruction at the level of the first portion of the duodenum, which is why he refers to the general surgery department where he underwent surgery, diagnosing BS by performing gastrotomy, stone extraction, and pyloroplasty, presenting adequate postoperative evolution.Conclusion : BS is a rare diagnosis that affects <0.5% of patients with gallstones and therefore requires an extremely high degree of suspicion for the diagnosis and can be seen incidentally on imaging studies in patients with symptoms of obstruction of gastric emptying(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cholelithiasis , Gallstones , Abdominal Pain , Cholecystitis , General Surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology
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