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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(6): 655-660, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350343

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Congenital piriform sinus fistula is a relatively rare type of disease in clinical practice, most occurring during childhood, but doctors have insufficient knowledge regarding this disease, easily misdiagnosing it. Objectives: This study aimed to identify the characteristics of deep neck abscess due to congenital piriform sinus fistula in children. Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 21 cases from January 2016 to August 2018 in our hospital. The onset age, clinical characteristics, auxiliary examination and clinical treatment of the patients was summarized to analyze the diagnosis, treatment characteristics and prognosis. Results: Children from 11 days to 12 years-old were enrolled, with an average age of 3.5 years. Twenty patients had left congenital piriform sinus fistula and 1 had right congenital piriform sinus fistula. Cervical enhanced computed tomography imaging showed gas-liquid equilibrium or air-shadow in the abscesses in 18 cases, and neck ultrasound demonstrated gas echo in the thyroid region in 10 cases. All patients underwent low temperature plasma to seal the internal fistula and returned to the hospital for electronic laryngoscope and neck ultrasound examination at 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after the surgery. No recurrence occurred in any patient. Conclusion: Congenital piriform sinus fistula is an important cause of deep neck abscess in children. The presence of purulent gas-liquid equilibrium or air shadow in cervical-enhanced computed tomography or ultrasound suggests a high possibility of the presence of an internal fistula, and endoscopic low temperature ablation can be done at the same time as the diagnostic endoscopy.


Resumo Introdução: A fístula congênita do seio piriforme é uma doença relativamente rara na prática clínica; a maioria se manifesta na infância; entretanto, os médicos geralmente têm conhecimento insuficiente sobre essa condição clínica e seu diagnóstico é facilmente feito de forma errônea. Objetivo: Identificar as características do abscesso cervical profundo devido à fístula congênita de seio piriforme em crianças. Método: Estudo retrospectivo de 21 casos de janeiro de 2016 a agosto de 2018 em nosso hospital. Idade de início, características clínicas, exames auxiliares e tratamento clínico dos pacientes foram resumidos para analisar o diagnóstico, as características do tratamento e o prognóstico. Resultados: Foram incluídas crianças de 11 dias a 12 anos, com média de 3,5 anos. Vinte pacientes tinham fístula congênita de seio piriforme no lado esquerdo e um no lado direito; a tomografia computadorizada cervical com contraste mostrava distribuição líquido-gasosa ou sombra aérea nos abscessos em 18 casos. O ultrassom cervical demonstrou eco gasoso na região da tireoide em 10 casos. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a plasma de baixa temperatura para queimar a fístula interna e retornaram ao hospital para exame com laringoscópio eletrônico e ultrassonografia cervical aos 3 meses, 6 meses e um ano após a cirurgia. Não houve recorrências. Conclusão: A fístula congênita de seio piriforme é uma causa importante de abscesso cervical profundo em crianças. A presença de conteúdo líquido-gasoso purulento ou sombra gasosa na tomografia computadorizada ou no ultrassom cervical sugere uma alta possibilidade da presença de uma fístula interna e a ablação endoscópica a baixa temperatura pode ser feita ao mesmo tempo que a endoscopia diagnóstica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Pyriform Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Fistula , Retrospective Studies , Abscess/etiology , Abscess/therapy , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Neck/diagnostic imaging
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 410-415, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285717

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The role of surgical drainage versus conservative therapy in treating patients with parapharyngeal abscesses is still a theme of debate. Objectives This study aimed to investigate the characteristics associated with good outcomes in pediatric patients with parapharyngeal abscesses treated with conservative therapy. Methods This retrospective chart review was performed on children aged 0.3-14 years with the diagnosis of parapharyngeal abscesses confirmed by computed tomography from January 2013 to March 2018. Patients with a severe upper airway obstruction required early intervention, while those in a stable condition initially received conservative therapy with antibiotics. If the patients appeared unlikely to recover, additional surgical drainage was provided. Multivariate logistic regression models were constructed to investigate the clinical characteristics associated with a good response to conservative therapy. A receiver operating characteristic curve was used to identify the age and abscess size cutoff for predicting a successful response. Results A total of 48 children were included in the study. Patient age, antecedent illness, and abscess size were significantly associated with a response to therapy (Odds Ratio = 1.326, 2.314 and 1.235, respectively). The age cutoff associated with the conservative therapy was 4.2 years (76.9% sensitivity, 68.2% specificity), and the abscess size cutoff associated with the conservative therapy was 23 mm (84.6% sensitivity, 77.3% specificity). Conclusion The findings suggested that younger age, smaller abscess size, and less frequent antecedent illnesses, such as upper respiratory tract infection and lymphadenitis, could predict a successful response to conservative therapy in pediatric patients with parapharyngeal abscesses.


Resumo Introdução O papel da drenagem cirúrgica versus tratamento conservador na abordagem de pacientes com abscessos parafaríngeos ainda é uma questão controversa. Objetivo Investigar as características associadas a um bom desfecho em pacientes pediátricos com abscessos parafaríngeos tratados com terapia conservadora. Método Revisão retrospectiva de prontuários feita em crianças de 14 anos com diagnóstico de abscesso parafaríngeo confirmado por tomografia computadorizada de janeiro de 2013 a março de 2018. Pacientes com obstrução grave das vias aéreas superiores necessitaram de intervenção precoce, enquanto aqueles em estado inicialmente estável receberam tratamento conservador com antibióticos. Se a recuperação dos pacientes parecesse improvável, drenagem cirúrgica adicional era feita. Modelos de regressão logística multivariada foram construídos para investigar as características clínicas associadas a uma boa resposta a terapia conservadora. Uma curva ROC, ou seja, característica de operação do receptor, foi usada para identificar a idade e o tamanho do abscesso com o intuito de prever uma resposta bem-sucedida. Resultados Foram incluídas no estudo 48 crianças. Idade do paciente, doenças respiratórias prévias e comorbidades e tamanho do abscesso foram significantemente associados à resposta terapêutica. (odds ratio = 1.326, 2.314 e 1.235, respectivamente). O ponto de corte da idade associado à terapia conservadora foi de 4,2 anos (sensibilidade de 76,9%, especificidade de 68,2%) e o ponto de corte do tamanho do abscesso associado à terapia conservadora foi de 23 mm (sensibilidade de 84,6%, especificidade de 77,3%). Conclusão Os achados sugerem que idade mais jovem, menor tamanho de abscesso e menor frequência de doença comuns, como infecção do trato respiratório superior e linfadenite, podem prever uma resposta bem-sucedida à terapia conservadora em pacientes pediátricos com abscessos parafaríngeos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Pharyngeal Diseases , Abscess/therapy , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Drainage , Retrospective Studies , Conservative Treatment
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(1): 47-51, Jan.-Mar. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286966

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The literature on the safety and long-term sequelae of transrectal and transvaginal drainage of pelvic abscesses is limited. We evaluated the outcomes and safety of pelvic abscess drainage by interventional radiology at our institution. Methods After obtaining institutional review board approval, we retrospectively evaluated the outcomes of transrectal and transvaginal pelvic abscesses drainage using computed tomography, endorectal ultrasound, and or fluoroscopy. Results The study included 26 patients, with an age range of 24 to 88 years old, out of whom 53.8% were men. A total of 46.1% of the participants were African Americans and 26.9% were Caucasians. The average body mass index was 28.4 (range: 15.6 to 41.9). The most common etiology was penetrating abdominal injury (27%), followed by appendectomy (23%), diverticular disease (11.5%), anastomotic leak (11.5%), and disorders of gynecological causes (11.5%). The mean abscess diameter was 6.3 cm (range: 3.3 to 10.0 cm). Transrectal drainage was performed in all except one patient who had a transvaginal drainage. Transrectal ultrasound was used for drainage in 92.3% cases, and fluoroscopy was used as an additional imaging modality in 75% of the cases. An 8- or 10-Fr pigtail catheter was used in>80% of the patients. Drains were removed between 2 and 7 days in 92.3% of the cases. The average follow-up was 30.4 months (range: 1 to 107 months), and no long-term complications were reported. Only one patient required subsequent operative intervention for an anastomotic leak. Conclusions Pelvic abscess drainage by transrectal route using radiological guidance is a safe and effective procedure.


Resumo Objetivo A literatura sobre a segurança e as sequelas no longo prazo da drenagem transretal e transvaginal do abscesso pélvico é limitada. Avaliamos os resultados e a segurança da drenagem do abscesso pélvico por radiologia intervencionista em nossa instituição. Métodos Após obter a aprovação do conselho de revisão institucional, avaliamos retrospectivamente os resultados da drenagem de abscessos pélvicos transretais e transvaginais por meio de tomografia computadorizada, ultrassom endorretal, e/ou fluoroscopia. Resultados Participaram do estudo 26 pacientes, com faixa etária de 24 a 88 anos, dos quais 53,8% eram homens. Um total de 46,1% eram afro-descendentes, e 26,9% eram brancos. O índice de massa corporal médio foi de 28,4 (gama: 15,6 a 41,9). A etiologia mais comum foi lesão abdominal penetrante (27%), seguida de apendicectomia (23%), doença diverticular (11,5%), fístula anastomótica (11,5%) e distúrbios de causas ginecológicas (11,5%). O diâmetro médio do abscesso foi de 6,3 cm(gama: 3,3 a 10,0 cm). A drenagem transretal foi realizada em todos os pacientes, com exceção de uma, que foi submetida a uma drenagem transvaginal. A ultrassonografia transretal foi utilizada para drenagem em 92,3% dos casos, e a fluoroscopia como modalidade adicional de imagem, em 75% dos casos. Um catéter duplo J de 8 ou 10 Fr foi usado em>80% dos pacientes. Os drenos foram retirados entre 2 e 7 dias em 92,3% dos casos. O acompanhamentomédio foi de 30,4meses (gama: 1 a 107 meses), e nenhuma complicação de longo prazo foi relatada. Apenas um paciente necessitou de intervenção cirúrgica subsequente para um vazamento anastomótico. Conclusão A drenagem do abscesso pélvico por via transretal com orientação radiológica é um procedimento seguro e eficaz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pelvis/physiopathology , Rectum/diagnostic imaging , Vagina/diagnostic imaging , Drainage/methods , Pelvic Infection/etiology , Abscess/diagnostic imaging
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190081, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013301

ABSTRACT

Abstract Eggerthella lenta is a gram-positive anaerobic bacillus that has been associated with life-threatening infections. Bacteremia is always clinically significant and is mostly but not always associated with gastrointestinal disease. We present a unique case of abrupt deterioration and rapid development of septic shock secondary to periurethral abscess caused by E. lenta infection. This case highlights the atypical clinical presentation, risk factors, uncommon source of infection, challenges in therapy, and outcome of this infrequent infection. There is still a gap in the understanding of E. lenta pathogenicity, and more literature is needed to establish clear management recommendations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urethral Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Bacteremia/microbiology , Actinobacteria/isolation & purification , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Urethral Diseases/drug therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Risk Factors , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/diagnosis , Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Actinobacteria/classification , Pelvic Infection/diagnosis , Pelvic Infection/microbiology , Abscess/microbiology , Abscess/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
11.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 75(2): 147-149, Mar.-Apr. 2016. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-779968

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A rinossinusite aguda é uma das afecções mais prevalentes das vias aéreas superiores. Fatores anatômicos presentes em crianças e jovens propiciam o aparecimento de complicações orbitárias. Embora mais raras, as complicações intracranianas das rinossinusites perfazem um grau alto de letalidade, são mais comuns em pacientes acima de sete anos, e devem ser tratadas por uma equipe multidisciplinar.


ABSTRACT Acute rhinosinusitis is one of the most prevalent diseases of the upper airways. Anatomical factors present in children and young people allow for the onset of orbital complications. Although rare, intracranial complications of sinusitis account for a high degree of lethality, are more common in patients over the age of seven, and should be treated by a multidisciplinary team.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Orbital Diseases/etiology , Orbital Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Sinusitis/complications , Epidural Abscess/etiology , Epidural Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Orbital Diseases/surgery , Periosteum/pathology , Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Drainage/methods , Acute Disease , Epidural Abscess/surgery , Abscess/surgery , Abscess/etiology , Abscess/diagnostic imaging
12.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1266-1275, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172979

ABSTRACT

Irregular hypoechoic masses in the breast do not always indicate malignancies. Many benign breast diseases present with irregular hypoechoic masses that can mimic carcinoma on ultrasonography. Some of these diseases such as inflammation and trauma-related breast lesions could be suspected from a patient's symptoms and personal history. Careful ultrasonographic examination and biopsy could help to differentiate these from malignancies.


Subject(s)
Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Breast Diseases/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Female , Fibroadenoma/pathology , Fibrocystic Breast Disease/pathology , Granulomatous Mastitis/pathology , Humans , Ultrasonography, Mammary
13.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2014 Apr; 17(2): 141-144
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-150314

ABSTRACT

A 36‑year‑old male patient presented with the complaints of palpitations and breathlessness. Preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed a bicuspid aortic valve; severe aortic regurgitation with dilated left ventricle (LV) and mild LV systolic dysfunction (ejection fraction 50%). He was scheduled to undergo aortic valve replacement. History was not suggestive of infective endocarditis (IE). Preoperative TTE did not demonstrate any aortic perivalvular abscess. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) examination using the mid‑esophageal (ME) long‑axis view, showed an abscess cavity affecting the aortic valve, which initially was assumed to be a dissection flap, but later confirmed to be an abscess cavity by color Doppler examination. The ME aortic valve short‑axis view showed two abscesses; one was at the junction of the non‑coronary and left coronary commissure and the other one above the right coronary cusp. Intraoperatively, these findings were confirmed by the surgeons. The case report demonstrates the superiority of TEE over TTE in diagnosing perivalvular abscesses.


Subject(s)
Abscess/diagnosis , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Aortic Valve/surgery , Echocardiography/methods , Echocardiography, Transesophageal/methods , Endocarditis, Bacterial/complications , Heart Valve Diseases/diagnosis , Heart Valve Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Male , Prosthesis-Related Infections/complications
14.
West Indian med. j ; 63(1): 98-100, Jan. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045797

ABSTRACT

Renal subcapsular abscess is a very rare entity that is defined by a suppurative process localized to a space between the renal capsule and the renal parenchyma. The pathogenesis and aetiology of this entity remain speculative. To our knowledge, only five cases have been reported in the English literature. We describe a 74-year old woman with renal subcapsular abscess treated with laparoscopic removal and do a review of the literature.


El absceso renal subcapsular es una entidad muy rara que se define por un proceso supurativo localizado en un espacio entre la cápsula renal y el parénquima renal. La patogénesis y la etiología de esta entidad siguen siendo asunto de especulación. Hasta donde sabemos, solamente cinco casos han sido reportados en la literatura inglesa. Describimos aquí a una mujer de 74 años de edad con un absceso renal subcapsular tratado con extirpación laparoscópica y hacemos a la par una revisión de la litera-tura


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Laparoscopy/methods , Abscess/surgery , Kidney Diseases/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Diagnosis, Differential , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Hematoma/diagnosis , Kidney Diseases/diagnostic imaging
15.
West Indian med. j ; 62(9): 856-858, Dec. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1045770

ABSTRACT

Acute suppurative sialadenitis mostly occurs in the parotid gland, while parotid abscesses principally arise in the superficial lobe. However, facial nerve palsy, secondary to parotid abscess, is rare. Predisposing factors for the ductally ascending infection are dehydration, xerogenic drugs and salivary gland diseases associated with ductal obstruction or reduced saliva secretion. Obstruction of Stensen's duct and diminished production of saliva are regarded as the promoting factors. Painful swelling of the preauricular region and cheek is the most familiar symptom of acute suppurative parotitis. The most common pathogens associated with acute bacterial infection are Staphylococcus aureus and anaerobes. We report a rare case of deep lobe parotid abscess with facial nerve palsy. Aside from adequate fluid hydration, good oral hygiene and treatment with empiric parenteral antibiotics, surgical treatment with drainage can provide a remedy for this disease.


La sialoadenitis aguda supurativa aguda ocurre sobre todo en la glándula parótida, mientras que los abscesos parotídeos se producen principalmente en el lóbulo superficial. Sin embargo, la parálisis del nervio facial, secundaria al absceso parotídeo, es rara. Los factores predisponentes para la infección ascendente ductal son la deshidratación, los medicamentos xerogénicos, y las enfermedades de las glándulas salivales asociadas con obstrucción ductal o reducción de la secreción salival. La obstrucción del conducto de Stensen y la disminución de la producción de saliva, se consideran los factores promotores. Una inflamación dolorosa de la región preauricular y la mejilla es el síntoma más conocido de la parotiditis supurativa aguda. Los patógenos más comunes asociados con la infección bacteriana aguda son los anaerobios y el estafilococo dorado. Reportamos un caso raro de absceso del lóbulo parotídeo profundo con parálisis del nervio facial. Además de una hidratación fluida, una buena higiene oral y tratamiento con antibióticos parenterales empíricos, el tratamiento quirúrgico con drenaje puede proveer un remedio para esta enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Parotid Diseases/complications , Abscess/complications , Facial Paralysis/etiology , Parotid Diseases/therapy , Parotid Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Drainage , Abscess/therapy , Abscess/diagnostic imaging
16.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-159948

ABSTRACT

Summary: Even though the prevalence of pulmonary drug resistant tuberculosis is showing an increasing trend globally, only a few case reports of extrapulmonary tuberculosis caused by drug resistant mycobacteria have been documented over the last decade. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is not infrequent and may cause considerable morbidity and mortality. Tuberculous abscess over chest wall is commonly due to the spread from an adjacent affected lymph node group. Multidrug resistance poses a great challenge to the physicians in managing such a condition and significantly affects the prognosis. Here we report a rare presentation of multidrug resistant tuberculosis as anterior chest wall abscess in a young male.


Subject(s)
Abscess/drug therapy , Abscess/epidemiology , Abscess/etiology , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Adult , Humans , Male , Thoracic Wall , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/complications , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/drug therapy , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/etiology , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/diagnostic imaging
17.
Rev. argent. microbiol ; 45(1): 61-mar. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1171765
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218255

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous access to the surgical bed after pancreaticoduodenectomy can be a challenge, due to the post-operative anatomy alteration. However, immediate complications, such as surgical bed abscess or suspected tumor recurrence, are often best accessed percutaneously, as open surgical or endoscopic approaches are often difficult, if not impossible. We, hereby, describe a safe approach that is highly replicable, in accessing the surgical bed for percutaneous intervention, following pancreaticoduodenectomy.


Subject(s)
Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Bile Duct Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy/methods , Catheterization/methods , Cholangiocarcinoma/pathology , Drainage/instrumentation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Pancreatic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Postoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Interventional/methods , Retroperitoneal Space
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-142935

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound (US) has been used as a tool for parotid abscess diagnosis and treatment. The present article aimed to report a case of 72-year-old woman with parotid abscess treated by US-guided needle aspiration and conventional surgical drainage. Along with the clinical report, indications, advantages, and limitations of the method are discussed.


Subject(s)
Abscess/diagnosis , Abscess/surgery , Abscess/therapy , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Aged , Drainage/methods , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration/methods , Female , Humans , Parotid Diseases/diagnosis , Parotid Diseases/surgery , Parotid Diseases/therapy , Parotid Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Parotid Gland/surgery , Parotid Gland/diagnostic imaging
20.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 71(1): 60-62, jan.-fev. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-618321

ABSTRACT

The authors report the case of na eighteen years old patient with a clinical picture of orbital abscess caused by ethmoid sinusitis. The decision for surgical intervention results from correlation between clinical findings and from the image diagnosis.


Relato de um caso de uma paciente de 18 anos com um quadro clinico de abscesso orbital causado por sinusite etmoidal. A decisão pela intervenção cirúrgica resultou da correlação entre achados clínicos e do diagnóstico dos exames de imagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Drainage/methods , Abscess/therapy , Endoscopy/methods , Orbital Cellulitis/therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ethmoid Sinusitis/complications , Ethmoid Sinusitis/diagnostic imaging , Exophthalmos , Abscess/etiology , Abscess/diagnostic imaging , Orbital Cellulitis/etiology , Orbital Cellulitis/diagnostic imaging
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